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VOL. 90 - 1968 

Prepaxed by 

Bradley E. Weidenhamer 


Ashland, Theological SeminsLry 


Alderfer, Owen H. 

Challenge of Change in National and Social Life, The. 90»20, October 
12, 1968, p. 7. 

Aspinall, H. Raymond 

Where Jesus Would Have Us. 90»1, January 6, I968, p. 29-30. 

Baer, Ellen 

Mr. and Mrs. Tracy - Loyal Workers. 90:23, November 23, I968, 
p. 27-28. 

Barber, Carl 

Who Will Answer? 90:^, February 17, 1968, p. 12-15. 

Benshoff, Floyd 

In Retrospect. 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 3. 

Benshoff, Pauline 

To Share Your Faith - Through Teaching. 90i22, November 6, I968, 
p. 20, 27. 

Bischof, Robert 

Meaningful Christmas in Nigeria,, A. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. 

Bolinger, Larry L. 

Awakening, The. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 8. 

Missionary As a Catalyst, The. 90:2^, December 7, 1968, p. I3-I5. 
Thoughts on the Kigi Outvillage Worker. 90:7,' March 30, I968, 
p. 9-10. 

Bolinger, Rose 

Reflections on Women's Work. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 10-11. 

Bowers, David L 

To Share Your Faith - in the Business Community. 90:22, November 
9, 1968, p. 19, 26. 

Burkey, Frederick T. 

Brethren Church and Urban America, The. 90:5, March 2, I966, p. 

Church and Modem Youth, The. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. k. 
Conserving the Results of V.B.S. 90:8, April I3, I908, p. 29. 
Home: a Teaching Agency, The. 90:^+, February I7, I968, p. 21. 
Iowa Leaders Complete Course. 90:6, March 16, I968, p. ,18-19. 
Library Ministry, The. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. 4-5. 
New Educational Emphasis at Cheyenne. 90:7, March 30, I968, 

p. 26-27. 



111 Re-Vision of Christian Education. 90:12, June 8, 1966, p. I3-I8. 
62' Time for Renewal, A. 90:25, December 21, I96S, p. 29. 

Visitation: a Key to Increased Attendance. 90:2, January 20, I968, 
p. ^5. 

Visitation: the Ministry of Concern. 90:3, February 3, 1968, p. 4-5. 

Byler, John T. 

Challenge of Love, The. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 4-10. 

Carbetta, Tallie 

Dr. Glenn L. Clayton Honored. 90:8, April I3, 1968, p. I6-I7. 

Carlson, Frank 

Wanted - a Man Who Will Stand. 90:1?, August 3I , I968, p. 25.- 

Case, David 

Minister and Preaching on Political Issues, The. 90:20, Octoter 
12, 1968, p. 18-21. 

Clayton, Glenn L. 

Why You Should Support Ashland College. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. c 

Cone, George E. 

Person and Office of the Holy Spirit, The. 90:2, January 20, I968, 
p. 21-23. 

Drushal, . Mary Ellen 

To Share Your Faith - in Your Neighborhood. 90:22, November 9, 
1968, p. 17, 25. 

Fair, Ernest 

Brethren's Home Highlights of I967. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. 18. 

Fields, James L. 

Role of the Missionary in an Age of Revolution, The. 90:10, May 
11, 1968, p. 18-20. 

Fulbright, J. William 

Can America Break the Cycle of Empires? 90:21, October 26, I968, p. « 

Gentle, Spencer 

Board of Christian Education, The. 90:9, April 27, I968, p. 3. 

Brethren's Home, The. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. 3, 

Challenge of Change. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 3. 

Communist-Christian Dialogue. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 3. 

Demonstration vs. Destruction. 90:6, March 16, I966, p. 3. 

District Conferences. 90:11, May 25, I968, p. 3. 

General Conference - I968, 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 3. 

Home Missic«s. 90:22, November 9, I968, p. 3. 

Impossible? 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 3, 

Ministerial Student Aid Fund. 90:13, June 22, I968, p. 3. 

Missions. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 3. 

New Year - a New Challenge, A. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. 3. 

"No Hope" Generation. 90:17, August 3I , I968, p. 3. 

One Dciy's Pay. 90:4, February I7, I968, p. 3. 

Our Sunday Schools. 90:18, September 14, I968, p. 3, 

Publication Day Offering. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. 3. 

Three Perils. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 3. 

To Vote. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 3. 

What Is Happening to America? 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 3. 

Who Is Christ? 90:3, February 3, 1968, p. 3. 

World Relief. 90:5, March 2, I968, p. 3. 

Gildea, Robert L. 

Church That Refuses to Die, The. 90:21, October 26, 1968, p. l^l?. 

Gilmer, James A. 

Immorality of Apathy, The. 90i9, April 2?, 1968, p. 10-11, 

Golby, John 

Business of the Church, The. 90sl8, September 1^, I968, p. 21-22, 

Graham, Paul A. 

Portrait of a Pastor, The, 90i24, December ?, I968, p. 25-28. 

Grieve, Jerry 

Diatheke in Hebrews. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 23-2?. 

Grumbling, Alvin 

Ten Dollar Club Call for Manteca. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. 24-23. 

Heunel, J. D. 

To Share Your Faith - in Civic Activities. 90: 22, November 9, I968, 
p. 16, 24-25. 

Hossler, Devon 

Saints' Need for Maturity, The. 90:18, September 14, I968, p, 

Howard, Kenneth R, 
Shoe Polish. 90:9. April 27, 1968, p. 4. 

Hurley, Thomsis E. 

Brethren MissicHis in Biblical Perspective. 90:5, March 2, I968, 
p. 19-20. 

Immel, Woodrow A. 

Maturing the Saints in Stewardship. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 18-21, 

IngrahajB, Alice 

To Share Your Faith - off Campus, 90:22, November 9, I968, p. I5, 24. 

Ingrahajn, M. Virgil 

Message for the Brethren, A. 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 12-13. 
National Conferences in Argentina. 90:17, August 3I, I968, p. 28-31, 
Visit to Ovir Brethren Church in Argentina, A. 90:9, April 27, 
1968, p. 19-22. 

Kem, Myron S, 

Kern Lauds Leadership, 90:8, April I3, I968, p, 22, 

Kindley, Clarence R, 

Pastor's View, A. 90:2, January 20, I968, p, 18, 

Kumar, K, Praisantha 

Marriage Is a Divine Institution, 90:8, April I3, I968, p. I5, 24-26. 

Lersch, Jr., B. Phillip 

To Share Your Faith - Through Your Stewardship. 90:22, November 

9, 1968, p. 22-23. 

Logan, Hays K, 

Let Christ Be Lord, 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 19-21. 

McCann, Marlin L. 

Long-standing Dream - the Brethren's Hoae, A. 90:2, January 20, 
1968, p. 14. 

Keyer, Virgil E, 

Challenge of Change in Financial Soiirces, The, 90:20, October 

12, 1963, p. 6. 
College Feels Influence of Religious, Humble President. 90:8 

April 13, 1963, p. 23. 
Is Ministerial Student Aid Really Necessary? 90:13, June 22, I968, 

p. ^. 

Munson, Aida Mae 

Brethren's Home as Seen by a New Member. 90:2, January 20, I968, 
p. 19. 

Munson, Charles R. 

Challenge of Change in Our Community, The. 90:20, October 12, 
1968, p. 3. 

Nevius, John 

Gospel Triad, The. 9O1I6, August 17, I968, p. 21-22. 
Grace of God, The. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 25-26. 
Our Responsibilities. 90:13, June 22, I968, p. 24. 
References of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of Luke. 90:15, 

August 3, 1968, p. 15-17. 
Threefold Cord of Prayer, The. 90:18, September Ik, I968, p. 


Porte, John W. 

To Share Your Faith - on the Job. 90i22, November 9, I968, p. 
21, 27. 

Purvis, Louise 

Privilege of Prayer, The. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. 24-25. 

Radcliff, Jerald 

Immortal Church, The. 90:22, November 9, 1968, p. 9-12. 

Risley, Clate A. 

South Africa Today. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 22-23. 

Rohrer, Norman B. 

Bubble Gum 'Blow-In" Building Bridges in the Playground. 90tl5, 

August 3, 1968, p. 3. 
Profiles of American Youth. 90:24, December 7, I968, p. 3. 
Religion in Review: I967 - Calouses Instead of Scars. 90:1, 

January 6, I968, p. 22-23. 

Ronk, Albert T. 

Calling, Licensure, and Ordinations of Ministers in Brethren 

History. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 19-21. 
Challenge of Change to the Church. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 

4, 10. ■ 
Comparative Love. 90:5, March 2, I968, p. 21-22. 

Ronk, Dorman 

Building Program, The. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. I6-I7. 

Ronk, Joan 

Short-Term Missionaries Return to States. 90:16. Auenost 17. I968. 
p. 29-30. " 7 . 

Rose, Smith F. 

Biblical Basis of Calling, Licensure and Ordination. 90:14, July 
6, 1968, p. 22-24. 

Ross, Kris 

People, Students Important, 90:8, April I3, I968, p. 18-20. 

Rowsey, John D. 

Administrative Visit to Argentina. 90:7, Karch 30, I968, p. 6, 

Schultz, Thomas A. 

Evangelism... Its Nature, Message and Mission, 90:1, Jamuajry 6, 

1968, p. 10-14. 
Mind to Work, The. 90:15, August 3, I968, p. 22-23. 
Vfhat Happened to the Unicom? 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 22-24. 

Sherk, J, Harold 

Who Is a Conscientious Objector? 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 10-11. 

Shifflett, Alvin 

Love's Dimensions; Ephesians 3«18, 90:24, December 7, I968, p. 

Shultz, Joseph R, 

Challenge of Chajige in Theological Education, The. 90:20, October 
12, 1968, p. 8, 10. 

Clayton's Development Plan Achieving Seminary's Goals. 90:8, 

April 13, 1968, p. 21. 

Solomon, George W. 

By the Sea. 90:6, Karch 16, I968, p, I5-I7. 

Future of Christian World Missions, The. 90:6, March 16, I968, 

p. 5-6, 
Into a Desert Place. 90i9, April 27, I968, p. 17-16. 
Into the House of Simon Peter. 90:7, Karch 30, I968, p. I6-I7. 
Into the Wilderness. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. 20-21. 
Lifting the Fog of Religious Confusion. 90:18, September 14, I968, 

p. 29-31. 
Over the Sea to Gerasa. 90:8, April I3, I968, p, 1>14, 

Through Galilee, 90:5, March 2, I968, p, 24-25, 

Through Samaria, 90:4, February 17, 1968. p. 10-12. 

To Caesarea Philippi. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 13-14. 

To Cana in Galilee. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. 20-21, 

To the Temple in Jerusalem, 90:3f February 3, I968, p. lO-ll, 

Up the Mountain. 90:13, June 22, I968, p. 22-23, 

What Is Happening? 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 10-11, 

Solomon, Jeanette 

Meaningful Christmas in Argentina, A. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. 26. 

Steiner, Paul D. . 

Serving You and the Future. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. I8-I9. ! 
Something Extra Special.. 90:15, August 3, I968, p. 18-20. 

Stoffer, Donna R. 

Help Wantedl 90:9, April 27, I968, p. 5. 

St owe, Bstha B, 

They Hear Africa Calling. 90:18, September 14, I968, p. I3-I5. 

Traver, R. Glen 

Battle of Armageddon; Rev, l9»ll-2l, The, 90:22, November 9, 1968, 

p, 28-30. 
Blessed Dead; Rev. 14:13, The. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 14-16. 
Blessedness of the Redeemed; Rev. 7:9-17, The. 90:5, March 2, I968, 

p. 11-13. 

Call to Separation; Rev. 18i^5, A. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 

Concerning the End; Pev. 11:1-19. 90:9, April 2?, 1965, p. Iif-l6. 
Conquering Christ; Rev. 10:1-11, The. 90:6, April 13, 1968, p. 9-11. 
E-.emal City of God; Rev. 21:9-27. 90:23, December 21, I968, p. 

Fall of "Babylon the Great;" Rev. 17»1-18, The. 90:18, September 

14, 1963, p. 9-12. 
Fifth and Sixth Trumpet-Judgments; Rev. 9:1-21, The. 90:7, March 

30, 1968, p. 13-15. 
Four Horses and Their Riders; Rev. 6:1-8, The. 90:2, January 20, 

1968, p. 11-13. 
God's Christ or God's Wrath; Rev. l5:l-8. 90:16, August 17, 1968, 

p. 11-13. 
God's Judgments in the Light of End-Time Events; Rev. 16jl-2l, 

90:17, August 31, 1968, p. 13-13. 
Harvest Judgment; Rev. 14:1^20, The. 90:13, August 3, I968, p. 

Lamb and His 1^,000; Rev. 14:1-5, The. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 

Lamb of God; Revelation 5:6-10, The. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. 7-9. 
Martyred Saints aind the Lamb's Wrath; Rev. 6:9-17, The. 90:3, 

February 3, I968, p. 7-9. 
Millenial Reign of Christ; Rev. 2O1I-I5, The. 90:23, November 23, 

1968, p. 11-14. 
New Heaven and the New Earth; Rev. 21:1-8, The. 90:24, December 
, 7, 1968, p. 10-12. 
Proi^iecy of Doom; Rev. 18:1-24, A. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 

Satan's Death Rattle; Rev. 12il-l7. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. I3-I7. 
Sealing of the 144,000; Rev. 7:1-8, The. 90:4, February 17, 1968, 

p. 24-26. 
Seventh Seal and the First Four Trumpet-Judgments; Rev. 8:1-13, The. 

90:6, March 16, I968, p. I3-I5. 
Three Angels and Their Messages; Rev. 14:6-12, The. 90:13, June 

22, 1968, p. 19-21. 
To God Be the Glory; Rev. 19:1-10. 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 

Unholy Trinity: Dragon, Beast, and False Prophet; Rev. 13:1-18, The. 

90:11, May 25, I966, p. 14-15. 

Vernon, Robert 

Impossible Situation, The, 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 30- 3I. 

Waters, Ronald W. 

To Share Your Faith - on Campus. 90:22, November 9, I968, p. 14, 23. 

Wells, Donald 

Man's Last Inalienable Inhuman Right. 90:21, October 26, I968, 
p. 7-8. 

Whitted, Elton 

Impossible Dream, The? 90:4, February I7, I968, p. 8-IO. 
Report From the President, A. 90:17, August 3I , I968, p. 4-5. 

Whitted, Margery 

To Share Your Faith - in Your Home. 90:22, November 9, I968, p. 
18, 25-26. 


a-Ter:;ative service 

Alternative Service With the World Relief Commission. 90i2l, 
October 26, I968, p. 5. 


Challenge of Change in FinaJicial Sources, The. Virgil E. Meyer. 
90:20, October 12, I968, p, 6. 

Challenge of Chajige in Our Conuavinity, The. Charles Munson. 90:20, 

October 12, I968, p. 5. 
College Feels Influence of Religious, Humble President, Virgil E. 

Meyer. 9O18, April I3, I968, p. 23. 
Dr. Glenn L. Clayton Honored. Tallie Carbetta, 90i8, April I3, 

1968, p. 16-17. 
Kem Lauds Leadership, Myron S. Kern. 90:8, April I3, I968, p. 22, 

People, Students Importajit. Kris Ross. 90«8, April 13» 19^8, p. 

Why You Should Support Ashland College. Glenn L. Clayton. 90:20, 
October 12, I968, p. 9, 


Challenge of Change in Theological Education. Joseph R. Shultz. 

90:20, October 12, I968, p. 8, 10, 
Seminary Sweetheart Banquet, The, 90:6, March 16, I968, p. I7. 
Special Sponsors of the Seminary. 90«1» January 6, I968, p. 26-2?. 


Rev. Dyoll Belote Passes Away. 90:3, February 3, I968, p. 22. 


References of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of Luke. John Nevius, 
90:15, August 3, 1968, p. 15-17. 


Love's Dimensions. Alvin Shifflett. 90:24, December 7, 1968, p, 


Diatheke in Hebrews. Jerry Grieve. 90:10, Kay 11, I968, p. 23-27. 


Battle of Armageddon; Rev. 19:11-21, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:22, 

November 9, 1968, p. 28-3O. 
Blessed Dead; Rev. l4:l3, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:14, July 6, I968, 

p. 14-16. 
Blessedness of the Redeemed; Rev. 7:9-17, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:5, 

March 2, I968, p. II-I3. 
Call to Separation; Rev, 18:4-5, A. R, Glen Traver. 90:20, October 

12, 1968, p. 14-16. 

Concerning the End; Rev. 11:1-19. R. Glen Traver. 90:9, April 27, 

1968, p. 14-16. 
Conquering Christ; Rev. 10:1-11, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:8, April 

13, 1968, p. 9-11. 

Eternal City of God; Rev. 21:9-27. R. Glen Traver. 90:25, December 

21, 1968, p. 10-12. 
Fall of "Babylon the Great"; Rev. 17:1-18, The. R. Glen Traver. 

90:18, September 14, I968, p. 9-12. 


Fifth and Sixth Trumpet-Judgments; Rev. 9:1-21, The. R. Glen Traver. 

90:7, Karch 30, I960, p. 13-13. 
Four Horses and Their Riders; Rev. 6:1-8, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:2, 

January 20, 1963, p. II-I3. 
God's Christ or God's Wrath; Rev. l5:l-8. R. Glen Traver. 90:16, 

August 17, I96S, p. 11-13. 
God's Judgments in the Lieht of End-Time Events; Rev, 16:1-21. R. 

Glen Traver. 90:17, August 3I . 1968, p. 13-15. 
Harvest Judgment; Rev. 1^:1^20, The. R. Glen Traver. 90il5f August 

3, 1968, p. 13-15. 
Lamb and His 144,000; Rev. lA-:l-5, The. R. Glen Traver, 90:12, June 

8, I96S, p. 10-12. 
Lajpb of God; Rev. 5:6-10, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:1, January 6, 

1968, p. 7-9. 
Martyred Saints and the Lamb's Wrath; Rev. 6i9-l7, The. R. Glen 

Traver. 90:3, February 3, 1968, p. 7-9. 
Millenial Reign of Christ; Rev. 20:1-15, The. R. Glen Traver. 90:23, 

November 23, I968, p. 11-14. 
New Heaven and the New Earth; Rev. 21:1-8, The. R. Glen Traver. 

90:24, December 7, 1968, p. 10-12. 
Prophecy of Doom; Rev. 18:1-24, A. R. Glen Traver. 90:19, September 

28, 1968, p. 21-23. 
Satan's Death Rattle; Rev. 12:1-17. R. Glen Traver. 90:10, May 11, 

1968, p. 15-17. 
Sealing of the 144.000; Rev. 7:1-8, The. R, Glen Traver. 9014-, . 

February. 17, I968, p. 24-26. 
Seventh Seal and the First Four Trumpet-Judgments; Rev. 81I-I3, The. 

R. Glen Traver. 90:6, March 16, I968, p. I3-I5. 
Three Angels and Their Messages; Rev. 14:6-12, The. R. Glen Traver. 

90:13, June 22, I968, p. 19-21. 
To God Be the Glory; Rev. 19:1-10. R. Glen Traver. 90:21, October 

26, 1968, p. 20-22. 

Unholy Trinity: Dragon, Beast, ;and False Prophet; Rev. 13:1-18, The. 
R. Glen Traver. 90:11, May 23, I968, p. 14-15. 


Board of Christian Education, The. Spencer Gentle, 90:9, April 

27, 1968, p. 3. 

Help Wantedl Donna R. Stoffer. 90:9, April 27, 1968, p. 5. 

Phase I, Operation Information. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 5-10, 

Shoe Polish. Kenneth R. Howard. 90:9, April 27, 1968, p. 4. 


Rev. Edwin Boardman Passes Away. 90:3, February 3, I968, p, 22, 


Brethren Church and Urban America, The. Fred Burkey. 90:5. March 

2, 1968, p. 28-29, 
Challenge of Change to the Church, A. T, Ronk. 90:20, October 12, 

1968, p. 4, 10. 
In Retrospect. Floyd Benshoff. 90:21, October 26, I968, p. 3. 


Central Council Highlights. 90:1 January 6, I968, p. 16-18. 
Report of Central Council to General Conference I968, The. 90:14-, 
July 6, 1968, p. 17. 


Biblical Basis of Calling, Licensure, and Ordination, Smith F. Rose. 

90j14, July 6, 1966, 7. 22-24. 
Calling, Licens-ore, and Ordination of Ministers in Brethren History. 
Albert T. Ronk. 90:12, June 3, 1968, p. 19-21. 


Something Extra Special. Paul D. Steiner. 90:15, August 3, I968, 
p. 13-20. 


Maturing the Saints in Stewardship, Woodrow A. Immel. 90:14, July 

6, 1968, p, 18-21, 
Saints' Need for Maturity, The. Devon Hossler, 90:18, September 
14, 1963, p, 16-20, 


Norther California District Conference. 90:3t February 3. 1968, 
p. 28-29. 


Business of the Church, The. John Golby. 90:18, September 14, I968, 
p. 21-22. 

Immortal Church, The. Jerald Radcliff. 90:22, November 9, I968, 
p. 9-12. 

Keystone Komer. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 12; 90:23, Novem- 
ber 23, 1968, p. 19. 


Challenge of Love, The. John T. Byler. 90:16, August 1?, 1968, 

p. 4-10. 
Short Report of General Conference, A. 90:18, September 14, I968, 

p. 4-3. 


Pastor's Conference on Faith and Order, 90:6, March 16, I968, p, 25. 


Essentials..,. 90:23, December 21, I968, p. I3-I7. 

Impossible Dream, The? Elton Whitted. 90:4, February 1?, I968, p, 

Notes From a Board Meeting, 90:17, Augus t 3I , I968, p. 5-6. 
Report From the President, A, Elton Whitted, 90:1?, August 1?, 

1968, p. 4-5. 
Serving You and the Future, Paul D. Steiner. 90:25, December 21, 

1968. p. 18-19. 


Beginning of Something Big, The. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 29-31. 


Brethren's Home, The, Spencer Gentle, 90:2, January 20, I968, p, 3. 
Brethren's Home As Seen by a Member, The, Aida Mae Munson. 90:2, 

January 20, I968, p. 19. 
Brethren's Home Highlights of I967. Ernest Fair, 90:2, January 20, 

1968, p, 18, 
Building Program, The. Dorman Ronk, 90:2, January 20, I968, p. I6-I7. 
Long-Standing Dream - the Brethren's Home, A. Marlin L. McCann. 

90:2, January 20, I968, p. 14, 
Superintendent's Report. 90:3, February 3, I968, p. 16-17. 



Re-Vision of Christian Education. Fred Burkey. 90il2, June 8, I968, 
?. 15-18. 


Minister and Preaching on Political Issues, The. David Case. 90:20, 
October 12, I968, p. 18-21. 


Privilege of Prayer, The. Louise Purvis, 90sl, January 6, I968, p. 


Library Ministr>-, The. Fred Burkey. 90«1, January 6, I968, p. 4-5. 


Dr. Glenn L. Clayton Honored. Tallie Carbetta. 90 » 8, April I3, 

1968, p. 16-17. 
People, Students Important. Kris Ross, 90t8, April 13» I968, p. 



Biblical Bsisis of Calling, Licensure, and Ordination, Smith F, 

Rose. 9O1I4, July 6, I968, p. 22-24, 
Calling, Licensure, and Ordination of Ministers in Brethren History, 

Albert T. Ronk. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 19-21. 


Cedar Falls, Waterloo, lA. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 3I. 
Lanark, IL. 90:9, April 27, 1968, p. 12-13, 
Lanark, IL. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 21. 


St, Petersburg, 90:5, Majrch 2, I968, p. I5-I6. 
Sarasota. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 29-30. 
Sarasota. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 27-28, 
Sarasota. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. I5. 


Bryan, OH. 90:24, December 7, 1968, p. 3O-3I. 
Dutchtovm, Warsaw. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 24. 
Marion. 90:l5, August 3, I968, p. 3I. 
Milford. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 22. 
North Liberty. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 21, 
South Bend, 90:9, April 27, 1966, p, I3, 
Wabash. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 24. 
Warsaw. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 18. 


Derby, KS. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 13-14. 
Falls, City, NE; 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 17-18. 
Falls City, NE. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 14. 

Lathrop. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 12-13. 
Manteca. 90:2, January 20, I968, p. 24-25. 
Manteca. 90:8, April I3, I968, p. 5. 
Manteca. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 25. 



Gretna. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. 11. 
Smithville. 90:3, February 3, i960, p. 14-15. 
Walcrest, Mansfield. 90:11, May 25, I968, p. 3I. 
West Alexandria. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 14-, 
Williamstown. 90:23, November 23, I96&, p. I9. 

Berlin. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 18. 
Fairless Hills-Levittown. 90:7, Karch 30, I968, p. 18. 
Highland, Ksirianna. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 12. 
Johnstovm III. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. I5. 
Johnstown III. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 17. 
Sergeantsville, NJ. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 24. 
Vinco. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 24. 


Chandon, Herndon, VA. 90:6, March 16, I968, p. 7. 
Washington, D.C. 90:24, December 7, I968, p. .29. 


Papago Park, Tempe.AZ. 90:23, November 23, I968, p. 14. 
Tucson, AZ. 90:10, May 11, I968, p. 21. 


Who Is a Conscientious Objector? J. Herold Sherk, 90«2l, October 
26, 1968, p. 10-11. 


Evajigelism. . .Its Nature, Message and Mission. Thomas A. Schultz. 

90:1, January 6, I968, p. 10-14. 
To Share Your Faith - in Civic Activities. J. D. Kamel. 90:22, 

November 9, 1968, p. 16, 24-25. 
To Share Your Faith - in the Business Community. David L. Bowers. 

90:22, November 9, 1968, p. 19, 26. 
To Share Your Faith - in Your Home. Margery Whitted. 90:22, 

November 9, 1968, p. 16, 25. 
To Share Your Faith - in Your Neighborhood. Mary Ellen Drushal. 

90:22, November 9, 1968, p. I7, 25. 
To Share Your Faith - off Campus. Alice Ingraham. 90:22, 

November 9, 1968, p. I5, 24. 
To Share Your Faith - on Campus. Ronald W. Waters. 90:22, November 

9, 196c, p. 14, 23. 
To Share Your Faith - on the Job. John W. Porte. 90:22, November 

9, 1968, p. 21, 27. 
To Share Your Faith - Through Teaching. Pauline Benshoff. 90:22, 

November 9, 1968, p. 20, 27. 
To Share Your Faith - Through Your Stewardship. Phil Lersch. 

90:22, November 9, 1968, p. 22-23. 


Home: a Teaching Agency, The. Fred Burkey. 90:4, February 17, 
1968, p. 21. 


Ordination of Mr. Joseph Hanna. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. 21. 



Person and Office of the Holy Spirit, The. George E. Cone. 90:2, 
January 20, 1966, p. 21-23. 


Into the Wilderness, George W. Solomon, 90:1, January 6, I968, 
p. 20-21, 


Congratulations to Mr, and Mrs, K, Prasantha Kumar. 90:^, 
February 17, 1968, p. 11. 


Appreciates Articles on Revelation. Lillie Garwood. 90:22, 

November 9, 1963, p. 8. 
Draft Dodgers. William A. Studt, Jr. 90:2^, December 7, I968, p. I7. 
Education Day Offering. Mary Kerlin. 90:22, November 9, 1968, p. 8. 
Lavmen Articles Enjoyed. Paul Steiner. 90:22, November 9, 1968, 

V. 8. 
No Spiritual Emphasis. Larry Baker, 90:24, December 7, 1968, p. 1?. 


Ordination of Dale J. Long. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. I3, 


Comparative Love. Albert T. Ronk. 90:5, March 2, I968, p. 21-22. 


Mr, and Mrs. Everett Miller Honored. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. I5. 


Is Ministerial Student Aid Really Necessary? Virgil Meyer. 90:13, 
June 22, I968, p. 4, 


Missionary As a Catalyst, The, Larry Bolinger, 90:2^, December 7, 

1968, p. 1>15. 
Short-Term Missionaries Return to States, Joan Ronk, 90:16, August 

17, 1968, p. 29-30, 


Board Highlights, 90:19, September 28, I968, p, 14-15, 


Brethren Missions in Biblical Perspective, Thomas E. Hurley, 90:5, 

March 2, I968, p. 19-20. 
Future of Christian World Missions, The. George W. Solomon. 90:6, 

March 16, I968, p. 5-6. 
Puzzled About Missions? 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 4-5. 
Role of the Kissionaxy in cin Age of Revolution, The. James L. Fields. 

90:10, Mary 11, I968, p. 18-20. 


Administrative Visit to Argentina. John D. Rowsey. 90:7, March 
30, 1968, p. 6. 

Argentine Churches at Work. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 16, 

Aspinalls - in Argentina. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 29, 

Camp Program in Argentina. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 7. 

Cordoba, Argentina. 90:14, July 6, I968, p. 3O-3I. 

Letter From the Rowseys, A. 90:3, February 3, I968, p, 30, 


Meaningful Christmas in Argentina, A. Jeanette Solomon, 90:25, 

Deceinber 21, I968, p. 26. 
National Conferences in Argentina. M. Virgil Ingrahiam. 90:17, 

August 31, 1968, p. 28-31. 
Spring Evangelistic Campaign. 90s4, Febraary 17, 1968, p. 5. 
Visit to Our Brethren Church in Argentina, A. 90:9, April 27, 

1968, p. 19-22. 
Where Jesus Would Have Us, H. Raymond Aspinall. 90:1, January 

6, 1968, p. 29-30. 


Home Missions. Spencer Gentle. 90:22, November 9, I968, p. 3. 


Margaret Lowery Attends 4-H Leaders Region Forum. 90:23, 

November 23, I968, p. 29-30. 
Summer Reflections, Krypton, Kentucky, 90:23, November 23, 

1968, p. 28. 


Awakening, The. Larry L. Bolinger. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 8, 
Christmais Tidings - I967, From the Bolingers. 90:1, January 
6, 1968, p. yi. 

Letters From the Bischofs. 90:12, June 8, I968, p. 29-31. 
Meaningful Christmas in Nigeria, A. Robert Bischof, 90:25, 
December 21, I968, p. 27-28. 

Nigerians Assume Responsibility for Operation of Primary 

Schools, 90:15, August 3, 1968, p. 29. 
Reflections on Women's Work, Rose Bolinger, 90:7, March 30, I968, 

p, 10-11. 
Short Term Missionaries. Harold and Shirley Bowers. 90:11, 

May 25, 1968, p. 20-22, 
They Hear Africa Calling. Estha B. Stowe. 90:18, September 14, 

1968, p. 13-15. 
Thoughts on the Higi Out village Worker, Larry L, Bolinger, 90:7, 

March 30, I968, p. 9-10. 
We Have Begun. Richard Winfield. 90:7, March 30, I968, p. 11-12. 


What's Coin' on... and on... and on? 90; 24, December 7» 1968, 
p. 8-9. 


Belote, Dyoll. 90:3, February 3, I968, p. 22. 
Boardman, Edwin. 90:3, February 3, I968, p. 22. 
Flora, Earl S. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 16. 


Hanna, Joseph. 90:25, December 21, I968, p. 21. 
Hershberger, Philip. 90:16, August 17, 1968, p. 18. 
Long, Dale J. 90:20, October 12, I968, p. I3. 
Sommers, Paul. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. I8-I9. 
Thomas, Carl D. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 5. 
Waters, Ronald L. 90:1, January 6, I968, p. I8-I9. 


Portrait of a Pastor, The, Paul A. Graham. 90:24, December 7, 
1968, p. 25-28. 



Brethren Peace Sunday. 90:21, October 26, 1968, p. 4. 
Kan's Last Inalienable Inhuman Right. Donald Wells, 90j21, 
October 26, 1968, p. 7-8. 


Threefold Cord of Prayer, The. John Nevius, 90:18, September 
14, 1968, p. 27-28. 


Minister and Preaching on Political Issues, The, David Case, 
90:20, October 12, I968, p. 18-21, 


Research Project Completed. Fred Burkey. 9O1IO, May 11, I968, 

p. 5. 


By the Sea. George W. Solomon. 90:6, March 16, I968, p, I5-I7. 
Into a Desert Place. George W, Solomon. 90:9». April 27, 1968, 

p. 17-18. 
Into the House of Simon Peter. George W. Solomon, 90:7t March 

30, 1968, p. 16-17. 
Into the Wilderness. George W. Solomon. 90:1, January 6, I968, 

p. 20-21. 
Lifting the Fog of Religious Confusion. George W. Solomon, 

9O1I8, September 14, I968, p. 29-31. 
Mind to Work, The. Thomas A. Schultz. 90:13, August 3, I968, 

p. 22-23. 
Over the Sea to Gerasa. George W. Solomon. 90:8, Auril I3, I968, 

p. 13-1^. 
Through Galilee. George W. Solomon, 90:5, March 2, I968, p. 

Through Samaria. George W. Solomon. 90:4, February 17, 1968, 

p. 10-12. 
To Caesarea Philippi. George W. Solomon. 90ilO, May 11, I968, 

p. 13-1^. 
To Cana in Galilee. George W, Solomon, 90i2, January 20, I968, 

p, 20-21. 
To the Temple in Jerusalem. George W. Solomon. 90:3, February 

3, 1968, p. 10-11, 
Up the Mountain, George W, Solomon, 90:13, June 22, I968, 

p. 22-23. 
What Happened to the Unicom? Thomas A. Schultz, 90:20, October 

12, 1968, p. 22-24. 
What Is Happening? George W. Solomon. 90:14, July 6, I968, 

p. 10-11, 


Visitation: a Key to Increased Attendance. Fred Burkey. 90:2, 

January 20, I969, p. 4-5. 
Visitation: the Ministry of Concern. Fred Burkey. 90:3, February 

3, 1968, p. 4-5. 


Ordination of Mr. Carl D. Thomas. 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 5. 



Mr, and Mrs. Tracy - Loyal Workers. Ellen Baer. 90:23, .November 
23, 1968, p. 27-28. 


Conserving the Results of V.B.S. Fred Burkey. 90:8, April 
13, 1968. p. 29. 


Brethren World Relief Offering in March. 90:5, March 2, I968, 

p. 5. 
Christian Love at Work Through World Relief. 90:5, March 2, 

1968, p. 6-8. 
'Eating Less to Feed More. 90:5, March 2, I968, p. k. 
50,000 Blankets to Vietnam, 90:19, September 28, I968, p. 4-5. 
News From the World Relief Commission. 90:12, June 8, I968, 

p. 13. 

Church and Modern Youth, The. Fred Biurkey. 90:10, May 11, I968, 

p. 4. 
Impossible Situation, The. Robert Vernon. 90:21, October 26, 

1968, p. 30-31. 
Young Person - Are You Chicken? 90:17, August 3I, I968, p. 6. 


Philippians 2: 1 I 

71i£. "B'tetkeit 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society . . Mrs. Chai'lene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Summy 

Adult Cormnission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "A New Year — A New Challenge" 3 

Board of Christian Education 4 

"The Lamb of God" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 7 

"Evangelism ... Its Nature, Message 

and Mission" by Rev. Thomas A. Shultz .... 10 

News from the Brethren 14 

Memorials 14 

Weddings 15 

Births 15 

Central Council Highlights 16 

Ordination of Ronald Waters 

and Paul Sommers 18 

"Evening Walks with Jesus — Into the 

Wilderness" by Rev. George W. Solomon ... 20 
"1967 — Calouses Instead of Scars, Religion 

in Review" by Norman B. Rohrer 22 

"Students See Eye to Eye with Parents on 

the Privilege of Prayer" by Louise Purvis . . 24 
Sisterhood 26 


WE goofed; 

WE MADE an error on Page 18 of the last 
issue of The Brethren Evangelist! In the 
paragraph relati\e to the printing of the article 
entitled "High on a Hill at Winona Lake Live 
Memories of Billy Sunday, Baseball Evangelist" by 
Louise Purvis, we have: "This article on Billy 
Graham" instead of "Billy Sunday." 

We are sorry that this error was made, and we 
offer our apologies to Mrs. Purvis and to you. 


There's so much good that we can do 

As we the path of life pursue; 
So much in sermon and in song 

To help our fellows all along; 
So much in kindness and in love 

To point the lost to God above; 
Much worthwhile work where we are placed 

Until we have no time to waste. 

There is so much to pray about, 

With no time left to fret and doubt; 
So much our hands may do to bless 

In times of sorix)w and distress; 
So much for God that should be done 

Before the setting of life's sun; 
So many harvest fields to reap 

And no time left for useless sleep. 

No time to waste if we would win 

The vict'ry over hell and sin; 
If we would burn and shine and glow 

Along life's journey here below; 
If we would live a life of worth 

To help to make a better earth; 
If we would see our Savior's face 

And praise Him for eternal grace. 

Rev. Walter Isenhour 
Taylorsville, N. C. 

"Special Sponsors of the Seminary" 
World Religious News in Re\'iew . 
A Report on the Histoi-y Book . . . . 
The Missionary Board 

muary 6, 1968 



'' ^'^■^ii 

Page Three 

UeKtCe RE 


R View Tear - - R Ylew Ghalknge 

V S WE LOOK back on the past year we note 
*■ many blessings that have been poured down 
)on us from God. In our own personal lives we 
ive known the peace and happiness that only a 
iristian can know. 

Here at the Publishing Company the good 
lings have been many. Our business at the 
►okstore has grown ; a sizeable profit was shown 
the entire operation during the year; new in- 
rest has been shown in The Brethren Evangel- 
t; and progress has been made in the printing 

As a denomination we have been blessed with 
ore cooperation from among all the boards and 
ixiliaries; we experienced a fine general con- 
rence; and have gone forward in the general 
ork of the church. 

A new congregation has been started in Iowa; 
lother in Indiana; and several congregations 
ive either built new buildings or have enlarged 
le existing buildings. 

It is always good to look back and see what 
IS been accomplished, but we cannot allow our- 
Ives to be completely satisfied in them. It is 
ir responsibility to look ahead! 
In Philippians 3:13, Paul tells us: "Brethren, 
do not consider that I have made it my own; 
it one thing I do, forgetting what lies behind 
id straining forward to what lies ahead, I press 
1 toward the goal for the prize of the upward 
ill of God in Christ Jesus." We, too, cannot 
veil on the past and the accomplishments of the 
ist, we must continue to go foinvard in the work 
' our Lord. 

What is ahead of us? 

First of all, each one of us must be dedicated 
' the premise of witnessing to others of the 
Lving grace of our Lord ! Time is short for each 

one of us, and there is so much to be done! We 
must be faithful to Christ and to His Church, 
even more faithful in the time that is ahead for 

As a denomination the challenge is great! 
There are so many things that need to be done. 

Of course, missions should be the most im- 
portant challenge. If the denomination is to 
grow numerically and spiritually it must become 
a mission-minded church ! We need to expand our 
Home Missions program, we need to start new 
churches in America, but of course this can be 
done only as we are willing to give. We need to 
expand our Foreign Missions program, but again, 
this takes financial support from each one of us. 
If our Missionary Board is not doing enough in 
missions, it is our fault — we are not giving the 
support we should. 

Of course, the big project for the denomination 
is the building of a new headquarters building 
to house denominational offices. This building 
will also include a new bookstore! We here at 
the Publishing Company are quite excited about 
this! When you receive the infonnation relative 
to this program, you, too, will become excited 
about the program. But again, each one of us 
will be given the challenge of giving greater sup- 
port to the work of the Brethren Church. 

Another bright spot in the work of our denom- 
ination is the publication of "The History of the 
Bretliren Church" by Dr. Albert T. Ronk. This 
book will be of great import to our church. It has 
been, a long time since a publication of this mag- 
nitude has been sponsored by the Brethren 
Church. Let's accept this challenge this year by 
purchasing this book. The pre-publication price 
has been extended until February 1, 1968. 

There is much that we can do in this year! 
Let's get busy and get it done! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelis 




To THOSE who have been involved in teacher train- 
ing, it is apparent that a teaching church needs 
an adequate library as much as a college, university or 
seminary. This is true because, like the college, univer- 
sity and seminary, the church's teaching-learning process 
goes on outside the meeting place. Since this is true, 
resources must be available to which both teacher and 
pupil may be directed to gain the knowledge they need. 

It is unfortunate that so few of our churches have a 
good library. Many have a collection of books — mostly 
cast offs and outdated material — somewhere in the 
church building. In one church, the most recent volume 
that could be found (aside from the pastor's library 
and church school quarterlies) was printed in 1921. 
Other church collections are located in dark, out-of-the 
way places, in space that can't be used for anything 

Historically, the Protestant Church has been a reading 
and writing church. Generally, this does not seem to be 
true in our fellowship at the present time. 

We are aware that all successful businesses provide 
the necessary tools for making their personnel effective 
— sales catalogs, business machines, sales and manage- 
ment courses, automobiles, planes and routine supplies. 
Certainly churches engaged in the most important bus- 
iness in the world cannot be satisfied to do less. Through 
the library, the church can and must provide the neces- 
sary tools for those who fill important roles in its life. 

A look at the church's responsibility to the person 
chosen to teach in the church school seems to support 
this opinion. Certainly the church is obligated to help 
the teacher see the importance of his work, learn to per- 
form it effective, and to understand his objective — first 
by leading persons to a knowledge of and faith in Christ 
and second, toward full Christian maturity. Over a per- 
iod of time, the church can meet a part of its obliga- 
tion to the worker by providing quality church school 

materials and training classes. However, much moi 
needs to be done beyond these classroom experiences. 

It must be remembered that the teacher has person; 
needs and interests which must be fulfilled if he is to t 
effective in his role as a Christian educator. Resourc 
material should be available, attractively displayed, kef 
in an orderly manner, and used in accordance with no 
mal library procedures. 

Tlie quantity of books and audio-visual aids which ca 
be used by teachers and class members in studyin 
church school lessons is unlimited. Teachers will fin 
the library an effective partner for their between-Sunda 
study. Class members learn more and do so more easil 
if there is ample study material available to them. Then 
fore, the library should keep regular hours and provic 
some attractive study space for church members. 

Perhaps the best method of promoting the church I 
brai-y is for the teacher to assign his class some speciii 
study there. The librarian should be encouraged to t 
persistent in promotion, informing the congregation ( 
new materials, library hours and the amount of librar 
use. It will soon be seen that the individual who studie 
will benefit personally, and he will be a more intelll 
gent participant in class discussion. 

Because the church school is concerned with the studi 
of the Bible, it is often necessary for the teacher 1, 
teach his class members how to study. He should II 
aware of the variety of Bible study aids available, sue 
as atlases, concordances, commentaries and dictionarie. 
These volumes should be employed both in the classrooi' 
and by individuals for outside assignments. 

Another major responsibility of the church is that i 
supplying helps for everyday living. A significant pa 
of this ministry can be accomjilished through librai 

The church has an obligation to the grieving parent' 
the confused teenager, the aged widow, the unmarri* 

knuary 6, 1968 

Page Five 

)ung adult, the recently retired, the newly married, 
id all the other categories of humanity. These people 
!ed help but the duties of the pastor and people are 
ten so heavy that they cannot function as they wish. 
In such circumstances, it should be remembered that 
book can often go where the pastor cannot go and 
.n stay longer. From the librai-y an appropriate book 
n extend the ministry of the church to unprecedented 

The needs of church members for helps in living are 
idless. Young people need guidance in choosing a vo- 
ition, parents are unable to understand teen-age ani- 
osity, teen-agers are equally frustrated in their at- 
mpts to grasp their parents' point of view, there are 
izens of social and moral problems for all ages to 
tiich the church attempts to address itself in the tea- 
ing and preaching periods. But, due to the limited 
ne allotted to any one subject, and the irregular at- 
ndance pattern of people, other helps for Christian 
'ing must be supplied. The church, through the li- 
ary, can supply help to all these people. 
The church library ministry is essential in making 
ailable tools for training workers, resources for teach- 
g and learning and helps for everyday living. No 
urch can afford to overlook this unique opportunity 
r ministry. 


For suggestions as to materials for your church li- 
ary, see Books for Christian Educators, a bibliography 
epared by the Evangelical Teacher Training Associa- 
in, 499 Gundersen Drive, Box 327, Wheaton, Illinois 


Have you sent your church's White Gift or 
aarterly offering for the work of Christian Ed- 
sation in The Brethren Church? 

Christmas is a busy season and it is easy to 
it off doing things but the work of Christian 
ducation goes on — around the clock and 
irougli the year. 

Early receipt of your church's contribution 
ill aid us in future planning and present work. 

All White Gift and quarterly offerings should 
i sent to: 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Educational Emphasis 
for February: 


DURING the month of February, we will be calling 
the work of church school visitation to your at- 
tention in the hope that your people will prepare them- 
selves to participate in the ministry of visitation. 

For those who would neglect this important — though 
difficult — work, it may be helpful to read Matthew 
25:31-46. It seems in this passage that those who are 
condemned "into everlasting punishment ..." have 
committed a sin of omission. They have failed to ex- 
press any love or concern for their fellowman. Because 
of their self-centeredness, they stand convicted. At the 
same time, those who expressed a concern for even the 
stranger were endowed with "life eternal." 

To some measure our willingness to participate in 
\isitation — representing Christ in the community — 
discloses our true spiritual condition. Though we are 
unable to "earn salvation" we must recognize that "faith 
without works is dead." 



liecks should be made out to: 


TABLEAUS are scenes in which the actors hold their 
positions while a song, poem or other type of nar- 
ration is given by one or more people from the sides, or 
backstage. They are often given as pictures or paintings, 
framed in some way. Lighting, color and costume are 
important. These may be given in a home, church, aud- 
itorium or outside. 

The reader should stand near the audience and read 
slowly and distinctly, timing the reading to the action 
that takes place on stage. Soft instrumental music or 
singing by a concealed group will make an effective 
addition to the tableau scenes. Individuals in the tab- 
leaus should be dressed in bright colored gowns, scarfs, 
sheets, cheesecloth and burlap or another striking effect 
may be achieved if all are dressed in white against a 
black background or vice versa. Persons in the tableau 
scenes should move smoothly and without any feeling 
of bustle or haste. Each tableau should be shown for 
only about 15 seconds and then curtains closed (if you 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelis 

use them I and another scene created. If you are doing 
these scenes without curtains, actors should mo\-e slowly 
from one scene to the next as readers give narration. 
Some possible presentations that might be made are: 
The Good Samaritan — Luke 10:30-35 

The Prodigal Son — Luke 15:11-24 

The Wise and Foolish Virgins — Matthew 25:1-13 

The Infant Moses — Exodus 2:1-10 

The Story of Ruth — 1:8-19; 2:2-12; 4:10-11 

The Easter Story — Mark 16 


■"["^E BIBLE QUIZ rules for 1967-68 have been revised 
i. and are ready for publication ahead of the Decem- 
ber date that was stated in the Leader's Book. The 
Youth Commission looks forward to another great year 
of learning God's Word through the Bible Quiz and we 
trust the revised rules will aid in this venture. Remem- 
ber, the Quiz book this year is Judges and suggested 
study aids are found in the Leader's Book and will ap- 
pear from time to time in the "Scoops for Youth Lead- 
ers." This latter item will be a monthly or bi-monthly 
mailing from the national office of the Board of Christ- 
ian Education. 

The revised rules are as follows: 

1. Team members and alternate shall be lettered in 
the following manner: Each contestant shall wear 
a white card, 6 by 8 inches with one black block 
number per card, using numbers "1" through "4." 
Cards shall be worn in such a way as to be easily 

2. All talking must cease upon signal of the quizmast- 
er iiossibly use of the word "question." He will give 
the chapter, verse and then the question. 

3. There shall be no collaboration on any question of 
team members or the alternate. 

* -1. Each team must consist of three regular members 
and one or two alternates, with one member be- 
ing chosen by his fellow teammates as captain and 
one member as co-captain. In the event that the 
captain leaves the contest, the co-captain will 
assume his responsibilities. Three members may 
|)articipato with a 5-p()int penalty. Only four team 
members shall particiiiate at any given time with 

the fifth participating in case of the necessa 
absence of one of the team members. Winning D 
trict teams must report the names of their tea 
members and alternates to the Board of Christi. 
Education office within 2 weeks after district co, 
petition and no change in team members or alti 
nates is allowed between district and natior 

5. The captain shall be contestant "1" and shall 
the only team member who may dispute the i 
posing team answer, quizmaster or judges' decisi 
(his teammates may ask him to dispute) and c 
for time outs. When any question is in doubt or 
disputed, judges must rule after consulting 1 
Scripture and their decision is final. Answers 
all questions must be decided by the judges. 

6. Each team may have no more than three one-ir 
ute time outs per contest upon request of the c 

7. The alternate can replace any team member d 
ing a time out after reporting such action to 
quizmaster. Any regular team member re-enter 
the quiz must report such action to the quizmas 
and assume his previous position. Any team mt 
ber answering 10 questions correctly must be 
placed by the alternate for the remainder of 

8. Each contestant shall begin his answer within 
seconds after being recognized by the judges ; 
sliall complete his answer within 20 additional : 
onds. Failure tt) do so results in an incorrect 
swer. Time will be called if no one is recogni 
within 10 seconds. 

anuary 6, 1968 

Page Seven 

9. Any contestant who breaks in on a question in the 
recognized manner may give his answer without 
completing the question. If his answer is incorrect, 
the team is penalized five points and the entire 
question is reread for the opposing team who will 
bo gi\'en opportunity to answer under the regular 
scoring rules. If the answer is a direct Bible quote, 
it must be given word for word. If a direct Bible 
quote is not demanded, judges shall rule on the 

Rules that have been revised 

otes on the Bible Quiz: 

Each district shall be responsible for supplying their 
vn questions. It is suggested that they contact one 
;rson who may be in or out of their district to prepare 

the questions and then they should be corrected if 
necessary by two or three other people. Retired min- 
isters or laymen are often in an excellent position to 
provide this help for the district. An alternate sugges- 
tion would be to have several people prepare questions 
and use these for the district competition. Questions 
used in the district quizzes should not be the same as 
those used in local quizzing. 

Local and district trophies are provided free of charge 
by the national Board of Christian Education and may 
be obtained upon request by the local church or district. 
An order form for this purpose has been provided in the 
Leader's Book. Local trophies must be ordered by Jan- 
uary 1, 1968, and district trophies must be ordered by 
March 1, 1968. 


Revelation 5:6-10 



) look more carefully at the central figure of this 
lapter, pictured, in verse 6, as a "Lamb," standing in 
e midst of the throne and of the four beasts and the 
lers. As we noted, in our first message on this chap- 
r, the picture of Christ standing, both in the midst of 
e throne and in the midst of the four beasts and the 
'enty-four elders, suggests to us His oneness, both with 
e Father and with the redeemed of all creation. We 
3o noted that the picture of Him as standing, may also 
ggest His activity as Creator, Redeemer and Judge. 

Our main concern for this present study, however, is 
is symbolic "lamb" which is used by the Apostle John 
describe the Lord Jesus Christ as the "Suffering 
■rvant" of messianic prophecy (in sharp contrast to 
e "Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David symbol, 
ed in verse 5). We want to look at this symbol, not 
ily in the light of this present vision of the Apostle John 
1 the Isle of Patmos, but also ,in the light of the total 
ord of God. 

There is no better symbolism that John could have 
chosen, to identify Christ with the messianic concept 
of sacrifice and suffering, then this one of a "lamb." We 
mentioned — in the message already alluded to — that 
John uses this symbol 28 times in this book alone. Also, 
we noted that the word he chose to use was a different 
word from that used for "lamb" in other portions of 
Scripture (arnion, rather than amnos), and that this in 
itself suggests his desire to present Christ as unique from 
all other forms of Jewish sacrifices and offerings. 

Most expositors seem agreed, however, that John — 
in using this symbol of a "lamb" is cdluding to the 
Old Testament sacrificial system where a lamb was 
sacrificed for the sins of Israel (against the back-ground 
of the tabernacle and temple worship). Both the Old 
Testament lamb and the New Testament "Lamb of God" 
point us directly to the cross and to the supreme sacri- 
fice for man's sin. God's Word makes it very clear that 
Calvary's cross was God's pre-arranged altar, prepared 
in His eternal mind even before the foundation of the 
world (I Peter 1:20; Rev. 13:8; etc.). 


lians 2:11 


Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A thorough study of the Old and New Testaments will 
make it vei-y clear that God has made much use of this 
"lamb" symbolism. The very nakedness of Adam and 
Eve (symbolizing their sin and shame) demanded a 
special act (grace) of God — and thus - Genesis 3:21 
reads: "Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord 
God make coats of skins, and clothed them." This verse 
does not tell us that it was the skins of lambs, but in 
the light of all redemptive histoi'y, it seems that this is 
most plausible. The skins would, of course, symbolize 
sacrifice by blood (i.e., death) and the covering would 
symbolize forgiveness and cleansing. 

We read in Hebrews 11:4 that "By faith Abel offered 
unto God a more excellent (acceptable) sacrifice than 
Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was right- 
tous." Turning to Genesis 4:3, 4, we note that Cain's of- 
fering before God was that of the fruit of the ground 
(viz., the works of his hands), while Abel's offering was 
"of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof" 
(viz., the death of a very choice lamb). 

When God delivered Israel out of her Egyptian bond- 
age, He did so under the sign and seal of the Passover 
feast which demanded a lamb per family, without blem- 
ish and a male of the first year. Such was to be slain 
on the fourteenth day of the month Abib (April) and its 
blood sprinkled on the two side posts and on the upper 
door post of the house (Exodus 12:1-7). The Lord 
promised: "And the blood shall be to you for a token 
upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, 
I will pass over you" (Exodus 12:13a). Paul identifies 
this Passover lamb with Christ when he writes to the 
Corinthians: "For even Christ our passover is sacrificed 
for us" (I Cor. 5:7b). 

The entire Levitical sacrifice system centered in the 
slaying of the lamb (and other animals) and the pour- 
ing out of their blood as a libation for sin. Perhaps one 
of the clearest Scriptures to this affect is that found 
in Leviticus 17:11 where we read: "For the life of the 
flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the 
altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the 
blood that makoth an atonement for the soul." The 
writer of Hebrews, h(n\e\er, makes it vei-y clear that 
such sacrifices were only a shadow of the true sacrifice 
for sin — the Lord Jesus Christ: "Neither by the blood 
of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered 
in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal re- 
demption for us. For if the blood of goats and the ashes 
of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the 
purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood 
of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself 
without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead 
works to serve the li\ing God" (Hebrews 9:12-14)? 

Without doubt, the greatest Old Testament passage 
concerning Christ as the Lamb of God is that found in' 
Isaiah 53:7: "He was oppressed, and he was afflicted.' 
yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamt 
to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is' 
dumb, so he openeth not his mouth." No doubt it was' 
this very verse that caused John the Baptist to declarfi 
to his own disciples: "Behold the Lamb of God, whicl- 
taketh away the sin of the world" (John 1:29), anc' 
Peter to write: "Forasmuch as ye know that ye wert 
not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and 
gold . . . But with the precious blood of Christ, as oi 
a lamb without blemish and without spot" (I Pete 
1:18, 19). 

We want, however, to draw our attention to what i: 
implied concerning Christ the Lamb here in our text 
To this end, we will consider Him in terms of: 

1. The Lamb as divine 

2. The Lamb as slain 

3. The Lamb as worthy 
The Lamb as Divine 

The picture of Christ, given to us here in our text, i 
not that of just another lamb — but rather — that c 
the Lamb of God Who also is one with the Father an 
the Holy Spirit. This is symbolically brought out for u 
in the picture of this "Lamb" having "se\'en horns an 
seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God ser 
forth into all the earth." We have already considere 
this in our first message on this chapter; but we war 
to look at it briefly again, as we seek to tie these thre 
thoughts concerning Him (i.e., as divine, slain and woi 
thy) together. 

The seven horns and the seven eyes suggest to us tw 
unique marks of Christ's deity. The term "horns" mai 
well allude to the unicorn ("wild ox") whose horns wei 
often used as symbolizing strength and power (e.{ 
Deut. 33:17). The number "seven," is often used in Je\ 
ish imagery as a symbol for completeness or perfectic 
— and taken with these "horns" — may symbolize oi 
Lord's omnipotence, as the second member of the eterm 

The mention of the "seven eyes" may have direct rei 
erence to the deity of Christ, for, "eyes" often were usi 
as a symbol of intelligence and wisdom (e.g., Psal 
19:8). The further mention of the seven Spirits of G( 
(which may imply His sevenfold manifestation, as i 
ferred in Isaiah 11:1, 2) identifies this "Lamb" wi 
God's Holy Spirit, omnipotent and omniscient. This S€( 
enfold Spirit of God is also revealed here as being "se 
forth into all the earth," which strongly suggests t 
omnipresence of both the Christ and the Spirit. The' 
identity with the Father is deduced from the picture 
the Lamb standing "in the midst of the throne." 




iinuary 6, 1068 

Page Nine 

Taken altogether, we have here, in verse 6. another 
lusion to the Holy Trinity of God, with special emph- 
!is being placed upon this second person of that Trinity 
- Whose secrificial death (as a "Lamb") on the cross 
as won for Him the title: Redeemer from sin. This is 
3hn's way of declaring that this Jesus the Christ is 
'uly God and that all the prerogatives of deity belong 
I Him. However, such prerogatives He willingly laid 
side for a time, that He might become the Lamb slain. 

he Lamb as slain 

The picture that John presents here is that, not of 
le Lamb to be slain, but rather — as already having 
!en slain. This, then, is not meant as a prophecy of 
hat shall be, but rather — a drama of salvation, seek- 
g to teach redemptive truth in symbolic form (truth 
ready fulfilled). However, this past event is pictured 
!re as also having present and future implications, for, 
is what Christ has accomplished, through His sacri- 
;ial death on the cross and His subsequent resurrection 
om the dead) that makes possible what He now can 
I (in terms of redeeming and cleansing). Thus, God's 
demptive purposes are ever to be defined as in the 
ternal now." 

In a very real sense, Calvary has no date — only 
ernal significance. It was God's "now" even before 
e foundation of the world, and its merits are ever con- 
luous and contemporary — as well as past and com- 
eted. Christ's coming and dying, as the "Lamb of God 
lich taketh away the sin of the world," is not to be 
ought of in terms of past, present or future history, 
ither, such events are to come under the term of re- 
mptive history — history beyond the boundaries of 
ere time and sense. He was "the Lamb of God"; He 
"the Lamb of God"; and He shall ever be "the Lamb 
God," in terms of the past, present and future bene- 
s of His eternal sacrifice for sin: "Who in the days 
his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and suppli- 
tions with strong crying and tears unto him that was 
le to save him from death, and was heard in that he 
ired; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience 
the things which he suffered (as a "Lamb"); And 
ing made perfect, he became the author of eternal 
Ivation unto all them that obey him" (Hebrews 5:7- 

le Lamb as worthy (9:12-14) 

The third truth concerning Christ, does not come di- 
:tly from our text but rather from the song of the 
deemed, recorded in verses 9 and 12-14. First of all, 
is said that He is worthy to take the scroll sealed 
th seven seals (v. 9). This means that because of 
s sacrifice for sin, Christ is worthy (and able) to 
th declare and fulfill all of God's eternal redemptive 
rposes. Wrapped up in this declaration, is the truth 
at Christ's incarnation, death and resurrection — and 
io His second coming and eternal reign — are the 
preme revelations of God's eternal redemptive will for 
His creation. In the cross, Satan bruised His heal 
e., dealt Him a temporary defeat — one completely 
ken care of at the lesurrection) ; but, at the same 
ne, Christ dealt Satan a death-dealing blow — one 
at signed his death warrant and guaranteed his eter- 
1 destruction (cf. Genesis 3:15b). 

In the great mind of God, Christ's death upon the 
cross was to culminate in glorious triumph over ignom- 
inious defeat — this was His eternal decree, even before 
"the foundation of the world." Christ on the cross 
struck the death blow to all sin's power over the lives 
and affairs of men and nations. All who will appro- 
priate the benefits of His sacrifice (through faith), are 
eternally declared as redeemed! This is God's eternal 
plan, and such has been forever revealed and fulfilled 
through this "Lamb" Who alone is worthy "to receive 
power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and hon- 
our, and glory, and blessing" (v. 12b) ! (He alone is wor- 
thy to be the very center and focal-point of all eternal 
worship and praise, for. He alone is the very center and 
focal-point of all history.) 

In conclusion 

In this picture of Christ as the Lamb of God, three 
glorious truths forever stand out before us: 

1. He is God's eternal "Yes" to all His redemptive 
promises: "With Him it was and is, Yes. He is the 
Yes pronounced upon God's promises, every one of 
them" (I Cor. 1:19, 20-^NEB). 

2. He is God's eternal answer to sin — its presence, 
power and consequence. His death on Calvary for- 
ever has broken man's bondage and slavery and has 
set the captive free. He is the perfect sacrifice Who 
alone can avail for our every circumstance and need. 

3. He also is the eternal answer to death and hell. Here, 
in the midst of the throne of God, He stands forth as 
the Victor rather than the mere Victim; The Con- 
queror, rather than the conquered; and the reigning 
King, rather than the suffering Servant. Here the 
tables are now turned — His tragedy is now triumph; 
His shame is now glory; His weakness is now 
strength; and His meekness is now might! 

Here in this first vision of John, we have a picture 
of King Jesus, revealed both in terms of humiliation and 
death and in terms of His subsequent glorious and ma- 
jestic life. This "Lamb of God" is now forever the "Lion 
of Judah and the Root of David" — the eternal King 
of all Kings and Lord of all Lords. No wonder the angels 
join with all the redeemed in singing: "Blessing, and 
honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth 
upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever" 

"Lamb of God, our souls adore Thee, 

While upon Thy face we gaze! 
There the Father's love and glory 

Shine in all their brightest rays. 

Thy almighty pow'r and wisdom 

All creation's works proclaim. 
Heaven and earth alike confess Thee, 

As the ever-great I am. 

Lamb of God, Thou now art seated 

High upon Thy Father's throne, 
All Thy gracious work completed. 

All Thy mighty vict'ry won. 

Ev'ry knee in heaven is bending 

To the Lamb for sinners slain; 
Ev'ry voice and heart is swelling, 

"Worthy is the Lamb to reign." 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangeli! 


... Its Nature, Message and Mission 


Evangelism defined 

Evangelism is the work of an evangelist. The four 
Gospel writers are called e\angelists, because they sound 
forth the "evangel," the message of good tidings in the 
gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

What is the gospel? I Corinthians 15:3, 4, "For I de- 
livered unto you first of all that which I also received, 
how that Christ died for our sins according to the scrip- 
tures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again 
the third day according to the scriptures." 

Matthew 28:19, 20, "Go ye therefore, and teach all 
nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to 
observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: 
and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the 

Mark 16:1.5, 16, "And he said unto them, Go ye into 
all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he 
that believeth not shall be damned." 

Luke 24:-16-48, "And said unto them. Thus it is writ- 
ten, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise 
from the dead the third day: And that repentance and 
remission of sins should be preached in his name among 
all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witness- 
es of these things." 

John 20:31; 21:15-17, "But these are written, that ye 
might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; 
and that believing ye might have life through his name. 
So when thoy had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, 
Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than 
these? He saith unto him, Yea^ Lord; thou knowest 
that I love thee. He saith unto him. Feed my lambs. 
He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of 
Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him. Yea, Lord: 
thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto Him, Feed 
my sheep. He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son 
of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because 
he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And 
he said unto him. Lord, thou knowest all things; thou 
knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed 
my sheep." 

Dr. A. C. Gettys, Professor of Religious Education at 
Baylor College, defines e\'angelisni as follows: Evangel- 
ism means telling, teaching, or proclaiming the evangel, 
the 'good news,' of the Christian religion in such a way 
that people will understand, accept, and live the message. 
In the deepest and broadest sense of the word the central 


aim and purpose of all Christian religious education 

Dr. J. M. Price, Director, School of Religious Edu< 
tion, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, in e 
plaining evangelism, says: "The first major task in : 
ligious education is to bring the individual into a pi 
sonal relation with Christ. The activities involved i 
this task are what we mean by evangelism. The const 
uency of the church school is the most fertile field J; 
this endeavor, about four-fifths of the converts comi ; 
from it, most of them from the junior department. 

"Among some the idea holds that children are nati- 
ally Christians and need only be kept so. According' 
regeneration is eliminated or minimized and evangelis ' 
activities are discounted. 

"Only when we believe that a person is not natura ' 
a Christian any more than he is naturally a Mohamn • 
dan, but rather is capable of being led either way, vl 
we put the proper emphasis on evangelism." 

Evangelists of the New Testament 

Our Lord Jesus Christ, himself, was the greatest ev; 
gelist of the New Testament. He fulfilled that gri 1 
prophecy in Isaiah 61:1, 2b: "The Spirit of the Lords 
upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to pres i 
good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind 

unuary 6, 1968 

Page Eleven 

le brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, 
nd the opening of the prison to them that are bound; 
) proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord." 

Christ accomplished the basis of the good tidings, how- 
ler, in His death and resurrection. At His ascension, 
:e gave gifts to men in the persons of certain disciples 
r believers who were to be evangelists for Him, to build 
p His people in order that they, too, might go out to 
>11 the message of salvation by faith in Him (Eph. 4:11). 

Philip was called an evangelist (Acts 21:8). Timothy 
as exhorted to do the work of evangelism (II Tim. 
:5). Stephen, first martyr of the Church, was stoned 
) death because he persisted in the work of evangelism. 

Paul's burning zeal was poured into the evangelistic 
lission given him by the risen Christ, who called him 
I chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the 
entiles, and kings, and the children of Israel" (Acts 

Evangelism is no easy task. It calls for complete 
)nsecration such as few are willing to give. Dwight 
. Moody is an e.xample of what the Lord may do 
irough the evangelistic work of one surrendered, pray- 
ig Christian, yet Moody himself was saved by the ef- 
irts of a humble Sunday school teacher. Some pupil 
hom you may lead to Christ might become a second 
[oody. Is it not worth the labor and sacrifice? 

Dr. Martin G. Brumbaugh, former President of Juni- 
;a College, calls attention to the fact that: "It is a 
oly thing to plant a high purpose in a human soul, 
iod will make it in His own time serve great ends. It 

worth while to work for the moment when your pupil 
ses at his best, and makes declaration for the Christ- 
n life. Not the many things, but the decisive things, 
lold our lives." 

vangelisni is comniandetl for all believers 

Our Lord told His disciples, "Ye are witnesses" (Acts 
8; Luke 24:46-48). He said, "Go ye therefore, and 
ach all nations" (Matt. 28:19). He commanded them 
"tell" the great things that the Lord had done for 
lem (Mark 5:19). 

One of the things that Jesus did was to evangelize 

sa. 61:1; Matt. 11:5; Matt. 11:28, 29). Later He said, 

the works that I do shall he (that believeth on Me) 

) also; and greater works than these shall he do; be- 

luse I go unto my Father" (John 14:12b). 

The command of the Lord rests upon each and every 

liever today. As individual stars in the dark night 

the Lord's absence from this earth, we are expected 

shine for Him, holding forth the Word of Life to the 

St around us (Phil. 2:15, 16). 

The gospel is a trust committed to believers (I Tim. 
11, 12). We are stewards of the mysteries of God, and 
e are required to be faithful (I Cor. 4: 1, 2). 
The fruit of a believer is more believers. How much 
uit are you producing? 

Moreover, when the love of God is shed abroad in 
ar hearts by the Holy Spirit who is given to us at our 

regeneration, there cuines into the heart a love and com- 
passion for the lost and a desire to see our adored Lord 
e.xalted by every human being. These motives transcend 
all others in energizing us to obey the Lord's command, 
and our hearts burn within us to win others to His serv- 
ice. Many Christians have lost their first love for Christ, 
but now we should be stirred anew to bend every effort 
to make our own nation more truly Christian through 
the salvation of more of the individuals who make up 
Ihc nation. In the days of Israel, a return to God meant 
\!Ctory; but departure from His commandments meant 
defeat and slavery. God's ear is ever open to the call of 
the righteous. Let us turn to Him for the provision of 
more laborers in e\angelism and for the power of His 
Spirit to bring a revival of wide-spread Sunday school 

Dr. Gaines S. Dobbins, Professor^ Religious Education 
and Church Efficiency, Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, describes cur need for individual witnessing, 
as follows: "We need for our day a vital evangelism — 
the living testimony of convincing Christians that Christ 
is able to save and keep and make strong and useful 
and happy all who come to God through Him. Humanity 
has many needs, but deeper than any other is the need 
for a living Lord who can and will save 'unto the utter- 
most,' He has saved us, if so be that we are saved. And 
now He is saying to us who call Him Savior 'Ye shall 
be my witness.' " 

In a way, every believer is a foreign missionary, be- 
cause heaven is our home, and we are witnessing in the 
foreign field of the whole world, which lieth in the 
wicked one. 

Evangelism is progressive 

Shall we stop when we have led a person to accept 
Christ as Savior? No! E\'angelism does not necessarily 
stop at the telling of the way of salvation, nor at an- 
other's entering upon that way. There is more good 
news, more and more information about the Christian 
walk and service that should follow regeneration; there 
is a growth in Christ to guide, and an endless study of 
the Word ahead. 

The new believer should not be left to remain a babe 
in Christ for long. He must be built up in the faith, in 
order that he may have a fuller understanding of his 
obligations as a believer and an enjoyment of his riches 
in Christ Jesus. Many valuable years of happiness and 
testimony have been lost, never to be regained, by the 
Sunday school's neglect of its new converts. 

Concerning this need for building up the knowledge 
and faith of young converts, Dr. Gettys says: "It must 
t)e added that true evangelism calls for further instruc- 
tion and guidance following conversion in order that the 
young convert may be developed and prepared for Christ- 
ian service. Religious experience must be followed up 
with careful and thoughtful teaching and training that 
will prevent high resolves from being dissipated in mere 
sentiment, and insure a broadly developed Christian 

Why not join the 

Page Twelve 


The Brethren Evangeli! 

character. Times of vision cannot dispense with later 
thinking if the vision is to be of permanent value. Jesus 
showed great concern about feeding the lambs." 

The Church: Its Nature, Message and Mission 

Its Nature 

The Church of Jesus Christ is a unique fellowship, cre- 
ated by God the Holj' Spirit through the Gospel and 
possessing several identifying characteristics. 

The Church is one, finding its unity in Christ. It is 
His Body in which He lives and through which He works 
His gracious purpose. 

The Church is holy; it is created by the Holy Spirit, 
belongs to Christ and is consecrated for holy purposes. 

The Church is catholic (universal) in that its mission, 
message and fellowship are for all men, at all times and 
in all places. 

The Church is apostolic, resting on the historic facts 
to which the apostolic record bears witness, sharing in 
the historic fellowship of the faith and continuing the 
witness of the apostles to the living Word! 

To this Church have been committed the Word of 
God and the Sacraments through which the Lord calls, 
gathers, enlightens and sanctifies His people. 

Its message 

The Church's message is that "God so loved the world, 
that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes 
in him should not perish, but have everlasting life" 
(John 3:16). It is the message: "Repent, for the king- 
dom of heaven is at hand" (Matt. 4:17), "... believe 
in God, believe also in me ... I am the way, and the 
truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by 
me" (John 14:1, 6 RSV). It is the message: "... if 
any one is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old one 
has passed away, behold, the new has come" (II Cor. 
.5:17 RSV). "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every 
spiritual Islessing in the heavenly places ... In him we 
have our redemption through his blood, the forgiveness 
of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace" 
(Eph. 1:3, 7 RSV). 

Its mission 

The Church is called out from the world in order to 
go t<j the world. "They are not of the world ... As thou 
didst send me into the world, so I have sent them into 
the world" (John 17:lfi. 18 RSV). 

"You are . . . God's own people, that you may declare 
the wonderful deeds of him who called you out of dark- 
ness into his marvelous light" (I Peter 2:9). 

The Church has been created to serve God's purposes 
in tlie world. Her charter was given by Jesus Christ: 
"You shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea 
and Samaria and to the end of the earth" (Acts 1:8). 
Thus, the Church can be the Church only as she realizes 
that her very life is mission. She not only has a mission; 
.she is a people sent by God to worship, to witness, to 
teach and to serve; the Church is mission. 

The Congregation 

Its place in evangelism 

The congregation is the Church of Jesus Christ visibly 
represented and at work in a given community. Within 
its life Christians arc called, gathered, enlightened, sanc- 

tified, preserved, empowered, trained and sent forth 1 
bear witness. In and through the congregation the Hoi 
Spirit wins and keeps people for Christ and His Churc) 

Through the congregation the Church Universal pn 
claims the Gospel in a particular community. As a wi 
nessing fellowship the congregation is intended to con 
municate the Gospel of Christ to the individuals and tl 
neighborhood surrounding it. as well as to its own men 
hers. Every congregation has a number of activitie 
all of them together are meant to declare the Gospel. 

The call of the Lord is for every Christian to be "tl 
salt of the earth" and "the light of the world." Pasto: 
and laity together are the missionary people of Go 
Wherever they go and whatever they do, they have boli 
the opportunity and the obligation to confess Christ b 
fore men. Wherever Christians are, there Christ speal 
to individuals and to the world in all its affairs. 

As for the faithful pastor, he both witnesses and helj' 
the fellow members to witness. He recognizes that it 
the members who go out into all the community. I- 
Ivnows that it is chiefly in their vocational and person' 
life that Christians witness or fail to bear witness. Thi 
he thinks of them less in terms of being used for tl 
work of the congregation and more in terms of beii 
used by Christ in all aspects of life. He prays and worl 
to equip them for the daily witness. At the same tin 
ho dedicates himself to the development of a congreg 
tional program that proclaims the Gospel through all 
its activities. i 

Evangelism policies 

Clear-cut policy statements set the stage for faithf 
evangelism. They give opportunity to stress the ce 
trality of the Word of God and the Sacraments. Tb 
provide for depth and focus in the congregation's pr 
gram. The responsibility for developing procedures th- 
implement these policies rests primarily with the past 
and the Church Council. 

Basic Evangelism Targets 

I. Carefully defined policies consistent with Scriptu 

A. An outreach to all people: 
Because Christ died for all, because justification 

by faith alone, the Church must bring the Gospel to 
persons without distinction. Its ministry is not simp 
to a constituency, but to people, with no exceptions as 
race, nationality, status, age or type of residence. 

B. A defined geographical area of responsibility: 
Granted that some congregations must serve 

entire city or se\eral townships, each congregation shou 
identify an immediate area which it aims to serve i 
tensively, seeking to discover and reach every pers 
who needs its ministry. 

C. A recognition that every Christian is an eva 
While not e\ery member will be invoh'ed in t 

organized evangelism effort of the congregation, it 
clear that no Christian can delegate his witnessing 
others. All Christians must be reminded of how they m 
witness in daily life. 

II. Trained leadership 

A. A director of evangelism: 

The selection of a member to work with the p; 
tor as co-director of evangelism: (1) indicates that t 

aiiUitry 6, 1!)G8 

I'age Tliirtecu 

ongregation takes seriously Christ's call to all believers 
3 evangelize; (2) prepares the way for the establish- 
lent of an evangelism committee; and (3) helps the 
astor to concentrate more upon his ministry of preach- 
ig, teaching, visiting, counselling and administration. 
B. A dedicated evangelism committee: 

Good organization harnesses concern and energy, 
lakes goals specific and anchors responsibility. An 
/angelism committee of a size appropriate to the con- 
regation and consisting of individuals selected for spe- 
fic responsibilities is necessary for evangelism pro- 

[I. Dynamic spiritual life 

A. Vital worship and contagious fellowship: 
Through worship and Christian Association, the Holy 

pirit makes people aware of God, and draws them into 
le fellowship of the Church. In this fellowship they are 
lallenged by the impact of things happening that are 
niquely Christian. The climate of the congregation 
lould express its own welcome to everyone and quicken 
1 all members the desire and ability to witness 

B. Preaching that leads to decisive faith and life: 
Effective preaching makes clear the tragedy of 

n and the wonder of God's grace. It is relevant to a 
ipidly changing society. It leads to a commitment to 
hrist that reveals itself in continued repentance, trust, 
ive, witness and stewardship of life. 

C. Instruction that motivates for a total life witness: 
How clearly, imaginatively and thoroughly each 

erson is prepared for membership and then nurtured 
1 the Christian life has much to do with the impact 
f evangelism. Opportunities for Bible study, prayer fel- 
iwship and instruction in the Christian way of life 
lust be provided. 

D. Annual "faith and life" visitation of all members: 
A congregation needs at least one annual visita- 

on for the specific purpose of strengthening the mem- 
ers in a vital relationship with Jesus Christ. In the 
isits members talk with one another about such mat- 
bs as faithfulness at the Lord's Table, Lenten devo- 
on, the family altar. Christian service, daily witness 
nd what Christ and His Church mean to them. 

y. Planned conservation of membership 

t A. Concern for the new members : 

Pre-induction instruction, however thorough, is 
ot enough. Once a person has been grafted into the 
ine which is Jesus Christ, the congregation must pro- 
ide adequate nurture so that the relationship may 
i B. Concern for members becoming inactive: 

The congregation should use specific indicators 
;) detect symptoms of indifference and then take steps 
) help. "We who are strong ought to bear with the 
lilings of the weak. . ." (Romans 15:1). 

C. Restoration of lapsed members: 

Every inactive member is also a person for whom 

hrist died. The Church is incomplete without him; thus 

is the object of loving concern, which expresses itself 

1 persistent efforts to assist him into a vital relation- 

lip with some Christian congregation. 

D. Immediate transfer of non-resident members: 
Persons who move to another community should 

3 helped to transfer to a new church home immediately. 

V. An up-to-date and Inclusive responsibility list 

People cannot be reached for Christ unless the con- 
gregation knows who they are, where they live, what 
they need and what knowledge they have of Jesus 
Christ. A responsibility list is as necessary as the mem- 
bership list and should include the names of all un- 
churched people in the congregation's area of respon- 

VI. Lay participation in visitation 

A. Regular visitation to the unchurched: 

The congregation must make the initial approach 
and continue to invite and cultivate the unchurched as 
long as necessary. There is no substitute for visits by 
the pastor and by concerned members. The goal is ever- 
widening participation in such visitation. 

B. Visitation to the homes of church school pupils: 
Church school teachers have a natural and promising 

point of contact with many homes when they visit 
pupils and enlist parents as partners in Christian Nur- 
ture. Pupils and prospective pupils should be visited at 
least annually. 

C. Other types of visitation: 

Responsibility for the visitation of sick and shut- 
in persons, of inactive members, of new members, etc., 
may or may not be assigned to the Evangelism Com- 

Coordination Within The Congregation 

I. The need 

For administrative purposes the work of a congrega- 
tion may be organized into such functions as Christian 
education, church property^ evangelism, finance, social 
ministry, stewardship, worship and music. However, the 
Church's task is such that there are evangelism aspects, 
educational aspects, stewardship aspects, etc., in all its 
work. Congregations need to give careful attention to 
the definition and coordination of functions. Local con- 
ditions require each congregation to develop its own 
patterns, consistent with its constitution and the policies 
of the Church. 

II. The objectives 

A. Clear-cut parish administration; 

B. Coordination and balance in the use of time, 
leadership and personnel; 

C. A program consistent with the Gospel and with 
local needs, opportunities and resources. 

m. The responsibility of the congregation's governing 

Final decisions as to the delineation and coordination 
of functions must be made by the proper policy-making 
group, which is the Church Council. Effective coordina- 
tion is the outcome of: 

A. Careful outlining of the specific tasks assigned to 
each committee or administrative unit; 

B. Consultation among the leaders responsible for 
the various functions and activities, through some means 
such as a parish cabinet or parish programming com- 

C. Parish programming that selects general objec- 
tives and spells out the program; 

D. The development of a calendar that includes all 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelil 

E. Regular written reports to the policy-making body 
concerning accomplishments, problems and plans; 

F. Periodic self-study of all functions; and 

G. Constant effort on the part of the pastor and 
other leaders to see that all steps are taken. 

rv. Coordination through parish programming 

Parish programming contributes to coordination by: 

A. Giving an overview of the congregation's work, 
calling attention simultaneously to all the major areas 
of action; 

B. Determining priority items and properly placing 
them in the stream of congregational life; 

C. Budgeting the congregation's time and abilities 
to do its work in the most effective way possible. 

V. Coordination through the development of a parM 
calendar including evangelism 

A. In the de\elopment of a calendar the congregatio 
becomes most specific in eliminating overlapping, avoi( 
ing overloading of certain seasons and workers, pn 
moting efficient use of time and energy and spelling oi 
a balanced parish program. 

B. Each group should develop its calendar to be sul| 
mitted to the proper congregational agency for coordii| 
ation in the parish calendar. Dates for activities, 
well as for preparation and follow-through, should Ij 
included. Where there is overlapping or overloading, ac 
justments should be made in consultation with the pe( 
pie involved. 

Sisler, narrator; Miss Jennie Tal 
man, soloist. Bro. Steiner report 
that 155 were in attendance fo 
the service. 

Pleasant View, Pa. It has been an- 
nounced through the church news- 
letter that Rev. Richard Godwin 
resigned as pastor of the church 
on Sunday, December 10. Bro. 
Godwin has served as pastor of the 
church for several years. 

Willianistovvn, Ohio. On December 10, 
1967, six first-time confessions of 
Christ were made and three re- 
dedications were made. It has also 
been learned that Mr. James Don- 
ahoo, a student in the Seminary, 
has been called to serve as pastor. 
Rev. Russell Gordon, present pas- 
tor, will be serving as pastor in 
Fort Scott, Kansas, beginning Jan- 
uary 14, 1968. 

Lorec, Ind. The following note was 
received from Rev. W. E. Thomas, 
pastor: "Our church and all the 
organizations are working in good 
order and souls are being saved. 
For this wo thank our Great God. 
Along with this we have been 
painting and decorating our church 
sanctuary and now we have wall- 
to-wall carpet, new pews, new 
flags, new palms, new hymn books, 
new clock, new chancel rail and 
many other things that were need- 
ed in our church. This was all 
done at a cost of about $5,500, 
and all has been paid for and dedi- 
cated to the service of God. 

On October 29, 1967, we ordain- 
ed to the Brethren Ministry, Rev. 
Ronald Waters and Rev. Paul Som- 
mers. We shall miss these famil- 
ies but are happy they will be in 
the service of our wonderful Lord 

Cedar Falls, Iowa. Rev. Gene Holling- 
er reports that the work at Cedar 
Falls is coming along very well. 
The average attendance for the 
months of September, October and 
November was 13. This new con- 
gregation has set up a budget 
which includes all of the benevo- 
lent offerings of the denomination. 
Bro. Hollinger is busy calling on 
the community and making himself 
known in the community by par- 
ticipating in local organizations. 

Open house and dedication of the 
parsonage and meeting place was 
conducted on November 5, 1967. 
Some 125 persons visited the facil- 
ities during the afternoon. 

We are most happy for the pro- 
gress which this new church is 

Lanark, Hi. Rev. Paul D. Steiner re- 
ports that on Sunday, December 
10, 1967, a cantata was presented 
by the choir under the direction 
of Miss Ruth Diffenderfer. Mrs. 
Ma.\ Sisler was the organist; Mrs. 
Paul Steiner, pianist; Mr. Douglas 


ROSE. Mary E. Rose of Brown, 
ville, Pennsylvania, passed away o' 
November 9, 1967, at the age of 7! 
She was a member of the Sout 
Brownsville Methodist Church. He 
funeral was conducted on Saturda; 
November 11, with Rev. Dallas V 
Butler officiating. Interment was i 
the Redstone Cemetery, Brownsvilli 

Rev. Smith Rose of Ashland, Ohi 
is a son of Mrs. Rose. 

* * * 

MACK. Mrs. Delia Mack, age 9<' 
passed away on October 18, 196' 
She was a member of the Glenfor 
Brethren Church, Glenford, Ohii 
Funeral services were conducted b 
the undersigned on October 22 i 
the Brownsville Community Churc 
with interment in the Poplar Fork 
Cemetery, Gratiot, Ohio. 

Rev. William Walk 

* * * 

RAMSEYER. Fred and Mabl 
Ramseyer, 74 and 69 years of ag( 
passed away on November 8, 1967, a 
the result of an automobile acciden 
Mr. and Mrs. Ramseyer were bot 
members of the Smithville Brethre) 
Church. I 

Services were held at the churc 
with Rev. Kenneth Ashman assis 
ing Rev. Don Rinehart, pastor. Bu 
ial was in the Smithville cemetery. 

Rev. Don Rinehart ' 

* * » I 

BOONE. Mrs. Cliffie Boone pas;, 
ed away on November 26, 1967. Sh 
was a member of the Loree Bretl 
ren Church in Indiana for man 

inuary 6, 1!>68 

Page Fifteen 

pars. Her funeral was conducted in 
he Loree Church by the undersign- 

Rev. W. E. Thomas 

* * * 

GABLE. Mr. Walter A. Gable pass- 
d away on December 6, 1967. He 
'as a member of the Loree Breth- 
sn Church. Funeral services were 
inducted in the Allen Funeral Home 
1 Bunker Hill, Indiana, by the un- 

Rev. W. E. Thomas 


SHUY-PORTER. Miss Patricia 
huy became the bride of Mr. Charl- 
5 R. Porter at the Smithville Bre- 
iren Church, on Saturday, Novem- 
sr 25, 1967. The bride is a mem- 
3r of the church. Mr. and Mrs. 
orter will live in southern Californ- 
L where Charles is stationed in the 

The double ring ceremony was per- 
)rmed by the undersigned. 

Rev. Don Rinehart 


Congratulations are in order for 
ev. and Mrs. Jerry Grieve of Ash- 
;nd, Ohio, upon the birth of a girl, 
^awn Renee, on November 26, 1967. 
' Jerry is a student in the Ashland 
theological Seminary and he and 
|is wife are members of the Breth- 

n Church in Mulvane, Kansas. 


It. Olivet, Del. — 4 by baptism . . . 
'/asliington, D. C. — 1 by letter . . . 
lew Lebanon, Oiiio — 11 by baptism 

. . Smithville, Ohio ^ 5 by letter 
. . Waterloo, Iowa — 6 by baptism, 

by letter. 


Domingruez, Calif. (EP) — When 
Sheriff's deputies forcibly entered the 
home of Robert Holt here in this 
south Los Angeles suburb they solved 
the mystei-y of an eight-month puz- 

Since last Spring, the Holt family 
of eight locked itself away and didn't 
come out until law officers obtained 
a warrant for the arrest of Mr. and 
Mrs. Holt in late November. 

"God shut us up," Holt replied to 
a judge's questions about the mys- 
terious seclusion. 

Wily had he and his wife, Loyce, 
refused to appear on a charge of vio- 
lating the State Educational Code 
by withholding their children from 
school ? 

"My Father (God) commanded me 
not to come," Holt, a Negro, said. 

Found by sheriff's deputies inside 
the mystery house was the body of 
Mrs. Ella Holt, matriarch of the 
family which had closed out the 
world for eight months. 

The grandmother was found lying 
in a bed in a northwest bedroom on 
the second floor of the two-stoi-y, 

$35,000 home. She had died eight 
months earlier. 

Robert Holt referred to his home 
as "a temple ... a holy ground." 


Annapolis, Md. (EP) — An appeal 
for inclusion of a statement guaran- 
teeing religious liberty in a new 
Maryland State Constitution, now 
being drafted, was made by an in- 
terreligious committee. 

The Rev. Furman L. Templeton, a 
Presbyterian clergyman, detailed the 
group's position at a hearing con- 
ducted by the Constitutional Conven- 

Mr. Templeton asked that the fol- 
lowing passages be written into the 
Constitution : 

"The people shall have the right 
of the free e.xercise of religion. Every 
person shall have the right to wor- 
ship or not to worship as he thinks 
most acceptable, and no person shall 
be disqualified from holding public 
office or be rendered incompetent as 
a witness or juror because of his 
opinion on matters of religious be- 
lief. No law shall be enacted respect- 
ing an establishment or religion." 


Atlanta, Ga. (EP) — Georgia Gov- 
ernor Lester Maddox reportedly has 
asked members of the Georgia Legis- 
lature to take a pledge not to smoke 
or drink. 

Legislators received the pledge 
cards in a letter asking for help in 
recruiting new members for the Gov- 
ernor's Youth Council on Alcohol, To- 
bacco and Health. 

They were asked to pass along 
names — and presumably signed 
pledge cards — to a minister, the 
Rev. Clifford Brewton, director of 
the program. 

"I got a letter with a pledge card 
in it — and tore it up," one DeKalb 
legislator reported. 

Another, an Atlanta lawmaker, 
commented: "If they are serious 
about this, they'd really have to re- 
apportion the Georgia General A- 

The program originally started out 
as a project to combat use of tobacco. 
The council was known in the be- 
ginning as the Conference on Youth, 
Smoking, and Health. Somewhere 
along the line, alcohol was added. 

Page Sixteen The Brethren Evangi-lis 



1. Application has been made for membership in the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals. This application will be considered at the April 
1968 meeting of the NAE. The Central Council encourages districts 
and congregations to unite with the National Association of Evangel- 
icals. Requirements for such membership include agreement with 
the NEA statement of faith and an annual contribution of $25. 

2. Dr. A. T. Ronk is writing the concluding chapter to the History of 
the Brethren Church. Two chapters are already in the hands of the 
printers, The Brethren Publishing Company. The books are to be 
delivered to the binders in Cleveland, Ohio, on February 1, 1968. 

3. A new denominational brochure, presenting the total program of the 
church and usable by pastors in church membership education and 
evangelism will be forthcoming during the summer of 1968. 

4. The Secretary of the Council reported that approximately $400 more 
in apportionment payments had been received than at this same time 
last year. 

5. A progress report was given by the Benevolent Board stating that 
the new home at Flora, Indiana, should be completed shortly after 
Januaiy 1, 1968. Open house and formal dedication of the new 
structure are being planned for May 5, 1968. 

6. A committee consisting of John Byler, W. S. Benshoff and Keith 
Bennett was appointed to study changes suggested by the Executive 
Committee of General Conference for the registration of conference 

7. The Executive Committee of Central Council was instructed to en- 
courage and promote among our local congregations the establish- 
ment of a Pastoral Congregational Relations Committee as recom- 
mended by the Moderator of the 1967 General Conference, W. S. 

8. A progress report was given on the denominational Headquarter 
Building by Elton Whitted. He reported that the high rise structur 
will be located on the present property occupied by the Publishiii; 
Company and the Missionai-y Board. The new structure will provid 
adequate space for the Book Store and offices for our various de 
nominational boards with some space for future expansion. 

iiuiiry C, l!)68 Page Seven tvcn 



I. The Publications Board reported that their last quarter financial 
statement showed a 10 per cent increase in sales. 

10. The Board of Christian Education distributed copies of a Manual of 
Christian Education which will be available for every congregation. 
It is in the foiTn of a loose leaf binder with additional material being 
planned for future distribution. 

11. The Missionary Boai'd reported that Rev. and Mrs. William Curtis 
will return for furlough some time mid-way in 1968. 

12. Dr. Joseph Shultz reported on the new program of "Continuing Ed- 
ucation" being developed by Ashland Theological Seminary. The 
program will include two week sessions in the areas of Christian Ed- 
ucation, Missions, Preaching and Contemporary Issues. 

13. Rev. John T. Byler, the Moderator of the Brethren Church will at- 
tend the National Association of Evangelicals Convention meeting in 
Philadelphia during the month of April 1968, as the representative 
of Central Council. 

14. The Evangelism Committee reported that they are preparing a 
"Brethren Family Relocation Card." 

15. The attention of Central Council was directed to the fact that the 
denomination will need to raise $9,000 by February 1st to pay for 
the printing and binding of the History of the Brethren Church. In 
order to meet this amount a special pre-publication price of $6.50 
has been set. If each church in our denomination would purchase 
20 books, at the special pre-publication price, the problem would be 

16. It was reported that the Conference Treasurer was bonded for 
$12,000 and the Council approved the bonding of the Secretary of 
Central Council, who handles incoming funds in the amount of $5,000. 

17. The Executive Committee of the Central Council presented a job 
analysis and personal qualifications for the new Field Secretary of 
the Brethren Church. The committee is at work in securing someone 
to fill the office of the Field Secretary for the denomination. It is 
hoped that an announcement will be forthcoming in the near future. 

Fage Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

18. The Council reviewed the General Conference Finance Structure 
as established by General Conference in 1962, and referred it to a 
sub-committee for further study. 

19. A report was read from C. William Cole, the National Statistician of 
the Brethren Church, who attended the National Conference of the 
Association of Statisticians of Religious Bodies in America. 

20. Central Council will recommend to the 1968 General Conference that 
the National Statistician and the Treasurer of the denomination be 
made members of the Central Council. 

21. The Music Study Sub-committee of Central Council is engaged in a 
survey of the music being used by our congregations in their various 

22. A sub-committee was appointed to prepare a comparative study of 
our statistical reporting with that of other denominations. 

23. The next meeting of Central Council will be held on April 29, 1968, 
beginrung at 1 p.m., at the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 

ordination of 

Rev. and Mrs. Ronald Waters and Rev. and Mrs. Paul Sommers 

ON SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1967, at the Loree Breth- 
ren Church, Loree, Indiana, Mr. Paul Sommers 
and Mr. Ronald L. Waters were ordained to the Christ- 
ian ministry. 

Tlio service of ordination was as follows: 

Prelude Ronald LeMaster and Bessie Lippold 

Invocation Elder Gene Eckerley 

Hymn "Holy, Holy, Holy" 

Scripture Elder Glenn Grumbling 

Prayer Elder Grumbling 

Solo Susie Stout 

Ordination Sermon Elder W. E. Thomas 

Special Duet Mr. and Mrs. Omer Lippold 

Action of the Church Calling for Ordination 

Mr. Herrell Waters, Moderatoi 

Loree Churc 

Mr. Jake Betzner, Moderate; 

Center Chapel Churc 

Action of District Examining Board 

Elder Woodrow Immi 

Scriptural Charge Elder Clarence Kindle 

Questions and Charge to the Candidate 

Elder Grumblin 
Ordination Prayer with Laying on of Hands 

Elder Immel and Elder Thorn; 
Setting Apart as an Elder Elder Kindle 

laniiary 6, 1968 

^ 7 ^ a f'- 

Page Nineteen 

Rev. Ronald Waters 

Rev. Paul Somniers 

I'harge to serve as Wife of an Elder . Elder Austin Gable 
rayer with Laying on of Hands 

Elder Gable and Elder Thomas 

[ymn "A Charge To Keep I Have" 

enediction Elder Paul Sommers 

jostlude Ronald LeMaster and Bessie Lippold 

; Mr. Ronald L. Waters is a member of the Loree 
rethren Church. While pursuing his ministerial train- 
g at Ashland Theological Seminary, Mr. Waters served 
le year as pastor of the Reedsburg Church of God. 
Mr. Waters will become the pastor of the Gretna 
rethren Church, near Bellefontaine, Ohio, in June. 
Mr. Waters is married to the former Carolyn E. Myers. 
Iiey have four children: Ronald Wayne, Roger Lee, 
inda Carol, and Peggy Ann. 

Mr. Waters is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Herrell Waters, 
R. 1, Amboy, Indiana. 

A native of Indiana, Paul Sommers is the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Moses Sommers. He became a member of the 
Loree Brethren Church in 1957. During the year 1964 he 
felt the call of God to enter the ministry, and the Cen- 
ter Chapel Brethren Church gave him the call to pastor 
their church in the spring of 1965. He has been pastoring 
the church there since that time. During these years 
he has ministered at the Indiana State Reformatory and 
also at the Kokomo Rescue Mission. In January of 1967 
he spent two weeks in mission work in the land of Haiti. 

He has been employed in farming most of his life and 
is currently employed on a 350 acre farm while pursuing 
his ministerial duties. 

He met the study course and requirements given by 
the Ministerial Examining Board for Ordination. 

He is married to the former Joan Alexander of Green- 
town, Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Sommers have four chil- 
dren: Pamela, Dale, Kevin and Brian. 

Left to right: Rev. Glenn Grumbling, Rev. Austin Gable, Mr. Herrell 
Waters, Rev. Ronald Waters, Rev. Paul Sommers, Rev. Woodrow 
Immel, Rev. W. E. Thomas, Rev. Clarence Kindley 

Ashland Theoiogica! Library 
Ashiand, Ohio 

I>ugu Twenty 

The Brethren Kvan!>:elisl 

Evening Walks with Jesus 




Text: Matthew 4:1-1 I 

Part II 


WILL YOU JOURNEY with me again as we seek to 
take our second "Evening Walk Witli Jesus." 
"Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness 
to be tempted of the devil" (Matt. 4:1). "Then" — the 
time is significant. Immediately following His baptism, 
the infilling with the Holy Spirit and the approval of 
God on His life — then was Jesus tempted: The times 
of our highest spiritual exaltation are often followed 
by times of gi-eat moral peril. The Holy Spirit had de- 
scended upon Him; the Father in heaven had assured 
Him that He was well pleased with Him. Now the 
Devil begins to whisper innuendos and half-truths into 
His ear. How the humanity of Jesus is seen in this ex- 
perience! How like us He really was! After a time of 
great decision and spiritual rejoicing a period of strug- 
gle seems always to be inevitable. We would like to stay 
on our mountain tops. Like Peter on the Mount of 
Transfiguration, "let us build a few dwelling places and 
stay here!" But they were needed in the valley — down 
where the people were battling sin and the Devil. So 
they had to leave the mountain top and go down where 
a father awaited with his demented son for the touch 
of the Master's hand. So it must be with us. We cannot 
tarry forever in our Jordan experiences or on our moun- 
tain tops. There is work to do where the masses are, 
and we must go out to do battle with sin and Satan 
and temptation. 

"Led by the Spirit" - this phrase shows us that this 
temptation was in accord with div-ino purpose. Just as 
the baptism of Jesus was to fulfill all righteousness, all 
that was divinely determined to be right in preparation 
for His earthly ministry, so this temptation of Jesus 
was divinely determined to prepare Him to meet tri- 
umjihantly every temptation of His earthly life. 

Fmm the lush Jordan valley and this blessed experi- 
ence by the Jordan, .Tesus is led by the Spirit into the 

wilderness. Tradition located the temptation in Quai 
antania, a mountain which rises out of the Jordan plai: 
1,500 feet above the Jordan valley. This journey c 
Jesus was not a long one in miles. It is sLx or eigb 
miles WNW from the traditional place of Hi 
baptism, but it is a rough journey. Running north an 
south through Palestine is a great watershed of moui 
tain range. To the west the mountain slopes dow 
gentle to the coastal plains along the Mediterraneai 
Sea where cities like Gaza, Joppa and Caesarea wer 
located. But the eastern side of the mountain towar 
Jordan was vei-y rugged and steep because it is sue 
a short distance from the mountains to the Jorda 
rix'er. The road leading from Jericho up to Jei-usalem i 
lustrates this very well. From Jericho, 820 feet belo' 
sea level, it climbs approximately 3,300 feet in 14 mile 
the distance to Jerusalem which is situated about 2,5Ci 
feet above sea level. This road was called the "Ascei 
of Blood" because it weis infested with bands of robber 
You will remember it was on this road that Jesus li 
cated the man who was beaten and robbed and lat<: 
befriended by the good Samaritan. 

The mountain is very rugged, cut by deep wadis, i 
declivities, some of them as much as 2,400 feet in dept 
It was in these wadis, whose steep sides were pock- 
dotted with many caves, that the wild beasts and tl 
bands of robbers found refuge and safe retreat, comii 
out only to prey upon some unguarded, or unsuspectii 

Jesus, upon leaving the scene of His baptism, 
doubt came up this road, passing through the city 
Jericho. As He did, I imagine He recalled the sto 
of the capture of this great city by Israel under t ' 
leadership of Joshua. I expect His mind recalled hi 
the city was taken. He might have even imagined 1 

fanuary 6, 1968 

Page Twenty-one 

:ould hear the trumpets and the shouts of ''the people 
ind see the walls come tumbling down. Leaving the 
:ity, He would have followed the steep ascent for some- 
ime until He chose to leave the road to climb the even 
teeper slopes to the northwest and penetrate this 
larren wilderness. 

Now the word "wilderness" in the Bible can mean 
ust an uncultivated area where cattle are grazed; or 
t can mean a rocky, barren, wasteland which is in- 
apable of supporting much of any kind of life except 
hat which is carnivorous by nature. The latter mean- 
iig is far more likely a description of this area, since 
loth the Scripture record and the present day nature 
if this area would support such. The first Adam met his 
emptation in a garden of beauty and plenty; the last 
i^dam in the barren, flowerless waste, with poverty and 

Just as Jesus had gone down to the Jordan for the 
.xpress purpose of being baptized, now He goes into 
he wilderness for the e.xpress purpose "to be tempted 
f the devil." The Prince of Righteousness goes into 
he wilderness not to imitate John's ascetic mode of life, 
lUt to face the Prince of Unrighteousness. 

The word "temptation" means to try, or test, charac- 
er. God tried Abraham when he commanded him to 
ffer his son Isaac. The temptations from the Devil 
re always for the purpose of inducing us to do evil, 
'he writer of the book of Hebrew says, that Christ was 
ubject to temptation first, for his own sake, as a test 
f character (Heb. 5:7-9), and second, for our sakes that 
le might become a sympathizing High Priest (Heb. 4:15, 

At this point, I would like to interrupt the movement 
f this message to make two comments. (1) The per- 
onality of the tempter is made e.xplicit in the Scrip- 
ures. This Divine Son of our heavenly Father met the 
ather of all liars in personal combat. (2) The tempta- 
ion of Jesus was real. There are those who say "Jesus 
ould not be tempted to do evil." If this is true, then 
his is all a farce, a misrepresentation of the truth, 
imed to deceive and I, personally, cannot accept the 
act that Jesus would become a party to such — it is 
ompletely out of character for Him. 

Let us look briefly now at this encounter with Satan. 
And when he had fasted for forty days and forty nights, 
e was afterward an hungred. And when the tempter 
ame to him, he said. If thou be the Son of God, com- 
land that these stones be made bread" (Matt. 4:2, 3). 
If thou be the Son of God" (see also verse 6). Re- 
lember last week we discussed that there were at least 
3ur witnesses to the divine Sonship of Jesus at the 
ime of His baptism — John, the human witness; Jesus, 
he silent witness: the Holy Spirit, that abode upon 
im; and God the Father, who spoke fix)m heaven. Now 
atan attacks this very point and demands that Jesus 
rove his divine Sonship. This temptation was to grati- 
f physical appetites. After 40 days of fasting, Jesus 
•as hungry and Satan said "Turn this stone into bread." 
^lis temptation, as the others, is a type. You and I are 
Iways tempted in the realm of physical appetites and 
iassion. Appetites are not sinful, but their wrong use 
ind gratification are sin. If we use our God-given 
[owers to satisfy and gratify ourselves, we defeat God's 
urpose in us. If Jesus had yielded. He would have put 
'imself outside the realm of common human experience, 
fe met the temptation to use His power as the Divine 

Son of God to satisfy His needs as a man, and triumphed 
over it. Other men could not turn stones into bread 
when they were liungry, and so Jesus, if He would 
have yielded, would not become a High Priest subject 
to all the conditions and trials of man. Jesus said, "Man 
shall not live by bread alone." There are many other 
things more important than bread for our lives. But, 
oh how much time and energy we use in procuring 
bread for our lives — physical sustenance, and how 
little time and energy we give to the essential and sig- 
nificant things of life. We should seek to make a life, 
and not just inerely a living. 

"Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and 
setteth him on the pinacle of the temple. And saith 
unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: 
for it is written. He shall give his angels charge con- 
cerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear- thee 
up, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone" (Matt. 4:5, 
6). The first temptation was to a selfish Messiahship. 
The second one is to a spectacular Messiahship. Now 
the essential point is not whether Jesus was literally 
taken up to the pinnacle of the temple or not. The es- 
sential thing is to understand the temptation. The Jews 
were looking for a spectacular Messiah, one who would 
dramatically come and deliver them from the oppression 
of Rome and establish once again the throne of their 
father David. Now such a demonstration would fulfill 
their expectations and assure him of their support and 
make him very popular. Jesus is tempted to take things 
into his own hands and then to make God responsible 
for his success. Oh how easily we yield to this same 
temptation. We want to be popular! We are so con- 
cerned about public opinion! Oh how often we take 
things into our own hands and then ask God to bless 
them and to give them successful ends. We seek to put 
God to the test. Jesus said, "Thou shalt not tempt the 
Lord thy God." 

"Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceedingly 
high mountain, and shevveth him all the kingdoms of the 
world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, all 
these will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and wor- 
ship me" (Matt. 4:8, 9). This was also a temptation 
to take a short-cut to the Messiahship — to establish 
a worldly kingdom. It would be a quick and easy way 
to do what he came to do rather than the long, pain- 
ful way of the divine plan which included the suffering, 
the Cross and the long years of redemptions plan. Jesus 
refused to use his divine powers to establish his king- 
dom by improper means. You and I are always tempted 
to seek short-cuts and easy ways to spiritual victory, 
but, like Jesus, we must refuse to use any other means 
than those in the divine plan. On another occasion 
Jesus said, "He that seeketh to enter the Kingdom in 
any other manner is a thief and a robber." 

"Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written. Thou shalt 
worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou 
serve." "Get thee hence, Satan!" — the Prince of Light 
had won the victory over the Prince of Darkness. Did 
you notice the weapons of defense Jesus chose in each 
of these temptations? The word of God which is the 
sword of the Spirit! In the Word of God there are Scrip- 
tures to fit eveiy situation in life. It remains for us 
to become so familiar with the Word that we can quickly 
.draw the proper weapon to successfully pany the thrusi 
of Satan! "Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, 
angels came and ministered unto him" (Matt. 4:11). 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 

1967 — Calouses Instead of Scars 


by NORMAN B. ROHRER. Director 
EP News Service 

THE HISTORY OF 1967 has flung its last shadow 
into eternity and the writing of God's finger in the 
world of men for another year is cast in retrospect. 

This was the year DNA yielded to the scientist and 
gave him "life in a test tube" — a man-made virus 
which Caltech and Stanford scientists Dr. Robert L. 
Sinsheimer and Dr. Arthur Kornberg said is biologically 
active, reproducing. 

Population in America and the world continued to 
outrace predictions of the gloomiest pessimists, casting 
on society millions of unplanned and unwanted individ- 
uals it cannot properly feed, clothe or educate. An 
authority on agriculture predicted global austerity in 
food by 1975 unless drastic steps were taken to tap 
earth's more abundant resources. 

In Baltimore, three "peace demonstrators" objecting 
to the war in Vietnam poured their own blood into files 
of the local draft board; in Boston, Unitarian and Uni- 
versalist students lit their draft cards at the altar flame 
while thousands marched on the Pentagon in frustrated 
rage against the war whose issues they struggled to 

The year saw attitudes turn sharply toward accept- 
ance of homose.Kuals. As the British House of Commons 
\'oted 99 to 14 to repeal criminal penalties for homo- 
sexual conduct by men over 21, Episcopal clergy in New 
Yorit urged "moral neutrality" toward homosexuals — 
even saw good in the act provided it fostered a "perma- 
nent love relationship." 

The debut of an abortion pill raised moral problems, 
as did "rights of infirmed individuals to die" and the 
"new morality" toward se.vual behavior which some 
noted was creating mental ailments among youth — 
especially college girls who broke down under the stress- 
es of liberalized dormitory rules. The U.S. Supreme 
Court voted 7 to 2 permitting sale of a long list of 
"girlie" magazines without recrimination and Congress 
put aside legislation moving five national holidays to 
the nearest Monday to offer longer weekend leisure. 

Schizophrenics Anonymous scored often in rescuing the 
troubled through B-3 and C vitamins and the Royal Bank 
of Canada urged its client.'; to "invest in rest" for health 
and wealth. 

The gospel according to hii)-love grew apace as the 
mini-skirted and bearded introduced "love ins" at the 
park and tried "megahallucinogen," the brave new mind 
bender in the psychedelic arsenal. "Hippie" was formally 
buried in Haight-Ashbury but the LSD cult was compar- 
ed favorably with early Christianity and Anton Lavey, 
"first priest of the Satanic Church" of San Francisco 
performed marriages in\oking the blessing of the devil 
in the midst of candles stuck in human skulls while a 
nude woman draped herself on the altar. 

Some 200 "fish groups" sprang up across the nation 
for the single purpose of "helping neighbors in need," 

but crime in the U.S. peaked at 48 per cent above the' 
figure six years earlier and syndicates raked in nearlyi 
$7 billion on commissions. 

While the editor of Christian Herald magazine said 
Negro-white relationships were at their lowest level in 
10 years, the Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board 
commissioned its first Negro missionary in the 84 years 
of its service. She is Sue Thompson, soon to teach in 
Nigeria. The feuding Masons and the Knights of Colum-i 
bus agreed to cooperate in "moral, civic and social ac-' 
tion fields." f 

Funeral rites continued this year to change. Fewert 
friends at funeral services indicated that original chums 
are often scattered, and hea\'y traffic often prohibits 

Riots in Milwaukee and Detroit drew the support of 
clergymen who called for a "Black Moses" to lead the 
colored to dignity and freedom. All hospitals receiving 
federal aid were ordered to desegrate their blood supplies 
at once. 

Pollsters announced that 68 per cent of the Americeui 
people believe in heaven, but that only 54 per cent are 
persuaded of the reality of hell. Sixty-five per cent ot 
the victims of fatal traffic accidents were said to have 
put the "quart" before the "hurse." One out of ever> 
two U.S. homes has guns and people, said the surveys 
seemed to be unhappy in good times. 

In Buffalo, a ban on awarding adoptive children t< 
agnostic and atheistic parents was lifted. Secular proph 
ets called for a "voice outside our controlled environ 
ment" to criticize a society making tremendous efforv 
to bring everything and e\'ei-ybody into conformity witii 
its massive one-dimentional life. 

Somewhere along the edge of am ancient African lake 
the eye of a paleontologist spotted this year a pieci 
of bone which allegedly makes man 2.5 million year, 
old — 800,000 years older than previously calculated 
Seldom had so few drawn so many conclusions fron 
such little evidence about so long a time on such a grea 

The body of a man in Los Angeles, at his request 
was frozen by the Cryonics Society with the hope tha 
when science finds a cure for his illness he can bi 
thawed, revived and healed. 

The Church 

The body of believers tried to provide that voice bu 
was weakened by declining adherents and influence 
The Gallup Poll found that 57 per cent of the Ameri 
cans polled saw the church as losing its influence oi 
American life. Ten years earlier, only 14 per cent fel 
that way. 

Thirty-two major church-state school "aid" cases wer 
before the courts at mid year point and tension mounte 
as parochial schools fought for the federal buck. 

anuary 6, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 

"The church has had it!" boomed an outspoRen Minne- 

polis Negro barber. "They are hypocrites! Christ was 

phony! The church has had it!" A local pastor termed 

he barber "a descriptive prophet" whom "God is really 


For the first time, church and synagogue membership 
ains in the U.S. (actually based on statistics garnered in 
965) failed to keep up with proportional population 
rowth. In Stockholm, Bishop Odd Hagen calculated that 
' the current rate of population growth verses church 
rowth continues, only nine per cent of the world's pop- 
lation will call itself Christian by A.D. 2,000. "In many 
'ays," he said, "we are defeated already." 
Methodists laid plans to Ijuild a sanctuai-y on the 
ampus of Notre Dame and Lutherans celebrated the 
50th anniversary of the Reformation with Roman Cath- 
lics; the Consultation on Church Union bogged down 
ver issues on how to organize the 10-denomination unit 
nd the church in Russia, surviving 50 years under Com- 
lunism, continued to evangelize openly and through the 
[icodemus route. Presbyterians made official the "Con- 
;ssion of 1967" at their 179th general assembly in Port- 
ind, Oregon and the Southern Baptist Convention ap- 
roved a $26.7 million budget. 

The median salary of ministers stood at $5,914 this 
ear, up $885 over the average for the past five years, 
symposium of noted theologians termed heaven "95 
er cent mythology," and Christians and Communists 
it down for dialogue while they were shooting at each 
ther in Vietnam. 

While the church was pressed to involve itself in social 
sues, a leading Protestant ecumenist predicted in Palo 
Ito, California that it will lose "tremendous numbers" 
3 it so involves itself in the coming years. "Tight 
loney" kept church construction down. 
Plans were made by Catholics and Protestants for 
^operation in distributing the Scriptures through Unit- 
1 Bible Societies. 

The outreach of the church was curbed this year in 
idia when governmental factions tried to oust mission- 
■ies in its northeastern part. The church benefited in 
puth Vietnam, said the head of the Evangelical Free 
lurch, by staying aloof from the political conflict there 
was hampered in Spain by a new law requiring 
m-Catholics to register . . . showed vigorous leader- 
lip on college campuses through dynamic witness . . . 
id set its number of world-wide Protestant mission- 
ies at 43,000. 

There were this year 400,000 radio receivers around 
e world to pick up gospel broadcasts and the Ameri- 
n Bible Society announced that its "Good News for 
odern Man" biblical translation topped the two million 
les figure. 

The missionary's role was seen as changing, though 
t diminishing in importance as specialists fell into 
!P with national workers. Stiff laws in Israel — even 
fore the week-long war in mid-year smashed Arab 
li'tary opposition and the borders dividing Jei-usalem — 
:reased difficulties for evangelical missionaries in the 
id. Prophecy during those days in June was a regular 
iture in the daily newspaper. 


Law suits questioning the constitutionality of federal 
1 to education were the order of the day. New York 

estimated it would need $636 million more annually to 
absorb the 644,000 parochial and private school students 
into state schools. 

Tennessee repealed its "Monkey Law" after Gary L. 
Scott was fired then rehired for teaching the theory of 
evolution in Jacksboro. 

Port Credit, Ontario was host to Richmond College 
(opened in September), "Canada's Wlieaton," and Evan- 
gelist Oral Roberts dedicated Oral Roberts University in 
Tulsa and announced plans for a $150 million university 
for Latin America in Santiago, Chile. Dr. Billy Graham 
had expected to announce before Christmas his intention 
to build "a great Christian university such as Harvard, 
Dartmouth or Brown." However, the world's best known 
champion of the evangelical faith fell victim at year's 
end to this 11th bout with pneumonia and cancelled all 
engagements well into the now year. 

The Minneapolis Board of Education abolished bacca- 
laureates and other religious services in the city's pub- 
lic schools. Teachers of elementary pupils were advised 
in a new Harvard social studies text book to urge their 
students not to discuss at home what they are taught 
in school. "A youngster is doing something that is quite 
reasonable but very upsetting to his parents," they sug- 
gested, "when he tells his father that he does not have 
evidence for his position, or that there is another value 
that he is not considering, or that he should define his 
terms more carefully." 

Senator Everett M. Dirksen joined by 43 Senators, in- 
troduced an ill-fated bill seeking to amend the Constitu- 
tion to restore the right of corporate prayer in public 
schools while the 90th Congress introduced a variety of 
other bills on religion. 

Prologue for 1968 

What the go\'ernment sowed in 1967 will be reaped 
by its people in 1968. In an effort to trim $700 million 
from the current $1.2 billion postal deficit. Congress 
passed heavy increases in postage which may mark the 
end of some struggling religious periodicals. The Evan- 
gelical Press Association enters its 20th year of service 
with 175 full and affiliate members. It regretted the 
demise of The Sunday School Times (bought in May by 
Union Gospel Press of Cleveland, Ohio) which had been 
published in Philadelphia for more than a century, and 
hailed such new magazines as Evangelical Literature 
Overseas' Lit-Tec and Methodism's voice for evangelicals. 
Good News. 

This is a "new" year for many converts to Christian- 
ity from among the more than a million and a half 
people who heard Evangelist Billy Graham in crusades 
at London, Winnipeg, Toronto, Puerto Rico and Tokyo. 

President Johnson affirmed his faith in God at the 
14th annual presidential prayer breakfast in Washington, 
D.C. He said in facing tormenting choices, "none of us 
can ever be certain that we are right." 

Will this year see the treaty in Vietnam? Will our 
room-size world lend to its inhabitants the freedom and 
dignity in the Saviour that God intended? Will refresh- 
ing movements of God's Spirit be stifled or released 
through the actions of the church? Will Christ appear 
in glory? 

Before history again triumphs over time and the sands 
of another year aU run through the glass, let us learn 
from the lessons of 1967 at the doorway of 1968. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangeli 

Students see eye to eye with parents on 



The following article was written by Mrs. 
Louise Purvis, a mennber of The First Breth- 
Church, Goshen, Indiana. It appeared in the 
Sunday morning nnagazine section of the 
South Bend Tribune, South Bend, Indiana, on 
June 26, 1966. 

TT WAS A BLEAK, wintry night in Februai-y in a small 
■'■ Michigan town where nearly 300 parents flocked to 
the meeting of the school board, alerted by the report 
of a momentous decision about to be made. 

When members of the board, bowing to the ruling 
issued by Michigan's Attorney General Frank J. Kelley, 
voted to outlaw the traditional high school-sponsored 
baccalaureate services this spring the group was stunned, 
but the decision set in motion a project which is now 
snowballing toward a showdown in Washington. 

The day after the meeting a new organization, RSVP, 
(Restore School Voluntary Prayer) was born in the 
little town of Three Ri\'ers, Michigan, its purpose to 
unite concerned citizens in a nation-wide drive to re- 
store voluntary prayer and Bible reading in public 
schools. RSVP proposes to do this by consolidating all 
efforts, past and present, in support of a clarification 
of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. 

The town's mayor, Ralph B. Vandenberg, proclaimed 
February 9 as RSVP Day in Three Rivers. Volunteers 
set up a stand in the business district for the signing 
of petitions. 

In the four months since its birth, the idea has caught 
on so fast that RSVP's staff of 20 volunteers has been 
flooded with mail. Forty-one states have been heard 
from. A housewife, a minister and a mayor head the 

Should God be restored to the classroom? How do 
most Americans feel about the Supreme Court decisions 
banning prayers in public schools? How have the rulings 
affected school boards throughout the nation on the 
question of religious holidays and school exercises? 

Regardless of the political views of most Americans, 
the controversial decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court, 
which led to the elimination of prayers in public schools, 
have produced loud vocal dissension in the country. 

The question is of great concern to the nation's law- 
makers, too. More than 150 resolutions in both branches 
of the Congress have been introduced, to clarify the First 

Amendment. Senator Everett Dirksen, (R., 111.), wh 
supports RSVP and similar groups, is one who believe 
the majority of Americans do want God restored to th 
classrooms. In introducing his own Constitution; 
Amendment to permit \-oluntary prayer in schools, o 
March 22, Senator Dirksen told the Senate: 

"Since the court decisions referred to earlier have bee 
handed down, millions upon millions of words have bee 
written on this subject. Polls have been taken. Insofa 
as I can determine, more than 81 percent of the peopl 
disagree with the courts. Two weeks ago one man can' 
to Washington and dumped 52,000 original letters < 
protest on my desk." 

He said, "I propose a simple amendment. It is volui 
tary. It is permissive. It places the responsibility upc 
local school authorities. It gi\'es no authority to an o 
ficial body to dictate the form or content of a praye 
Such authority may provide for or permit participatii 
only. And that is the whole of it." 

Senator Dirksen reminded the Senate, "Sooner or late 
Congress must come to grips with this matter." 

A CBS Television special, "Testing — Right, Left ■ 
Center," concluded that 76 percent of their test ca: 
people disagreed with the Supreme Court's outlawing < 
prayer in schools. 

On the other hand, the National Council of Church 
has supported the Supreme Court ban on the thee 
that religion belongs to the parents in the home. 

In Three Rivers, Mrs. Paul Wheeler, an attracti 
housewife and mother of three, is co-chairman of RS\ 
with the Rev. John Booko. She says, "RSVP, which 
completely non-denominational and non-partisan, is gi 
ting almost too big for us to handle." She estimat 
that about 100,000 signatures are on petitions now 
circulation. A total of 15,000 petitions, with room for : 
to 30 signatures, have already been distributed, b 
many people in various parts of the country, have min 
ographed more petitions on their own. 

Mrs. Wheeler, a former art teacher, often puts in . 

nuary 6, 1968 

Page Twenty-five 

Jht-hour day on the project. She feels that "by remov- 

jg God from the classroom we are removing the source 

the greatest power for Brotherhood, and that dissent- 

? minorities can only suffer a loss from this." 

Actually, the movement began last fall as a drive 

rted in Holland, Michigan, by two housewives to pe- 

ion Congress for an amendment to the Constitution. 

e two, Mrs. William J. Westrate and Mrs. Howard 

aves, who are now honorary members of RSVP's 

mmittee, presented nearly 50,000 similar petitions to 


[n many states the question of removing such tradition- 
services as baccalaureate, or changing Christmas pro- 
ams, hasn't come up as yet. But in some states, as in 
chigan with the attorney general's interpretation of 
3 Supreme Court's rulings, school boards and teachers 
3 bewildered. In New York and California, simple 
ayers have been declared unconstitutional. In a Cali- 
'nia county, this prayer by school children with their 
Ik and cookies was banned: "God is great, God is 
od. Let us thank Him for our food." 
In a survey made by Jim Treloar, a Detroit Free 
ess staff writer, he found educators stymied in plan- 
ig holiday programs because of professional indecision 
er how to react toward the rulings. Treloar wrote, 
hey want to stay within the law without offending 
w religious group, but they don't know whether to lean 
vard 'The Messiah' or 'I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa 
ius.' " 

[n one school the principal decreed there would be no 
inger scene. No, the sixth grade boys could not dress 

shepherd costumes. One of the youngsters was sup- 
sed to have a dream of being in a Bethlehem stable 
i seeing the Christ child. "Couldn't you just dream 
3ut doing a good deed?" the principal asked. 
Some schools have cut out all religious music. The 
nd can't even play "Silent Night." 
Three Rivers teen-agers, aroused by the threat to one 

their cherished graduation traditions, organized a 
lior RSVP group and are spreading it throughout the 
intry. Senior Citizens' chapters have been formed. 
nc and Veterans' organizations, and churches all over 
chigan, Indiana, Illinois and 38 other states are taking 

the cause. 

^SVP operates mostly on faith, according to Mrs. 
leeler. About $100 was contributed at the first meet- 
; to pray for initial postage and supplies but the group 
icits no donations. Mrs. Wheeler says, "We decided 
tt if we believe in prayer we should use it, and we 
ve survived." A few hundred unsolicited dollars have 
ne in but she says, "We are never more than a few 
fs ahead in money." 

^ woman from Auburn, 111. wrote, "I am a paralytic 
'alid concerned for my country. The RSVP movement 
good news." From a manufacturing concern in Rock- 
d, 111. came a request for 2,000 petitions. The sing- 
', recording group. Sons of Harmony, who feature a 
itest song, "Schools Without Prayers," written by 
; of their members, takes petitions on their tours. 
Sspecially surprising is the response from men who 
:e time to help with the drive. Mrs. Wheeler says 
VP has received letters from doctors, lawyers, mer- 
mts . . . , and maybe even chiefs! She says, "This 
ve is not confined to little old ladies in tennis shoes!" 

Only one letter, postmarked Chicago, accompanied 
by outpourings of obscenity, scolded RSVP for their ef- 
forts. Mrs. Wheeler says, "We won't answer this letter, 
we will pray for him." 

Deeply committed to the crusade is Mayor Vanden- 
berg, as is the town's high school principal, Edmond 
Blank. Mayor Vandenberg's 5,000 letters to mayors 
throughout the country and his 150 letters to governors, 
senators and congressmen have developed tremendous 

All except two of the legislators who wrote endorse 
the proposed amendment, and support RSVP's efforts. 
In fact, most of those replying had either introduced 
a similar amendment or supported the current one of 
Senator Dirksen. The two dissenters were Senator 
Robert Kennedy, (D-N.Y.) and Senator Edward Ken- 
nedy, (D-Mass.) Senator Robert Kennedy's letter said, 
in part, 

"The Court's decision gives our religious institutions 
an opportunity to develop new and imaginative programs 
especially for our youngsters. Any action to overturn 
these decisions would only serve to lower the prestige 
of the Court in the eyes of the Nation." 

Many people do not know, or have long forgotten the 
cases ruled on in the last few years by the Supreme 
Court which preceded the ban on prayer in public 
schools, with the resultant interpretation in various 
states. In a letter RSVP received from Milward L. 
Simpson, U.S. Senator from Wyoming, who had also 
introduced an amendment a couple of years ago, he en- 
closed a copy of the Senate Congressional Record in 
which he recorded the protestation made by Mrs. Mada- 
lyn Murray, the self-professed atheist who brought the 
Maryland case. 

She wrote, in part, "We find the Bible to be nauseat- 
ing, historically inaccurate, replete with the ravings of 
madmen. We find God to be sadistic, brutal, and a 
representation of hatred, vengeance. We find the Lord's 
Prayer to be that muttered by worms groveling for 
meager existence in a traumatic, paranoid world." 

Her plea continued, "This is not appropriate untouch- 
able dicta to be forced on adult or child. The business 
of the public schools, where attendance is compulsory, 
is to prepare children to face the problems on earth, not 
to prepare for heaven — which is a delusional dream 
of the unsophisticated minds of the ill-educated clergy. 
Fortunately, we atheists can seek legal remedy through 
our Constitution, which was written by deists (not 
Christians) who had enough of religion and wanted to 
grow toward freedom from it, not enslavement in it." 

Meanwhile, in Three Rivers High School, the seniors 
set up their own baccalaureate services earlier this 

RSVP says, "The child with faith has rights, too." 
Mrs. Wheeler says, "Americans don't begin to fight for 
something until they realize it is about to be taken away 
from them." 

And one woman wrote, "My deep regard for people 
stems not because we are slightly higher than the mon- 
keys but because, according to the Bible, we are a little 
lower than the angels." 

The First Amendment to the Constitution reads, "Con- 
gress shall make no law respecting the establishment 
of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." 

The question is, "How do you interpret it?" 

Vage Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangel 


Schmiller 's 

Chatterbox — 

ANEW YEAR has begun, and of course every girl 
reading this has made her New Year's Resolutions 
and is li\dng up to every one of them. No? You say 
you failed on one — well, maybe two. Actually, you 
must admit that you haven't done very well at all. 
Don't feel bad. There are quite a few of us right there 
with you. It isn't easy to change something once you 
have become used to doing it a certain way, but aren't 
there a few things in each of our lives that we'd really 
like to change? Maybe we have a hot temper, or maybe 
we're selfish, or jealous, or just plain lazy. Without 
these things we could most likely bo much better 
Christians, and much more pleasant to be around. 
Have you tried praying about your problem with the 
attitude that you really want to do something about 

it? It sounds trite, I know, but God does help the 
who help themselves. You can change some things 
your life. With God's help it is far from impossib 
It's a little late for a New Year's Resolution, so h( 
about a middle of January resolution to clean out t 
bad habits and exchange them for the good. 

To change the subject a little, there's been a run: 
going around for many years now that all Natioi 
Sisterhood officers find romance and marriage. If y 
doubt this theory, just talk to Susanne Hall (if y 
can get her calmed down long enough). Less than thi 
months after taking the office of president, a diamo 
ring appeared on her left hand. The rest of us have 
done quite that well yet, but we're still hoping. 


ONE HUNDRED SEVENTY "Special Sponsors of the 
Seminary" from Indiana payed $25 a couple to 
further the call and challenge of the Christian Ministries 
through Ashland Theological Seminary, and bring the 
Seminary and Church together in this common cause. 
The overwhelming response of 170 filled the meeting 
with e.xeitomont and enthusiasm. Churchmen, Christian 
businessmen. Pastors, Brethren Youth, Alumni, and Sem- 
inarians were all inspired at the tremendous response 
to a call of Christian commitment and sacrifice. Breth- 
ren people demonstrated to themselves that they have a 
vital mission and the strength to fulfill it. 

The tremendous success of the "Special Sponsors" vi 
a team effort — Seminary and Church. Our spe( 
thanks to Rev. and Mrs. Richard Allison who helped 
very much on the "Indiana side." Also a note of thaii 
to three special laymen who underwrote the banqu 
one from Goshen, one from Nappanee, and one fr 
Winding Waters. Also our appreciation to Joe Evei 
for the bountiful and delicious banquet. And of cou 
our thanks to the Brethrenaires Quartet from ^ 
Paris. The entire meeting was a grass roots movem 
with Pastors and Laymen making arrangements 
e.vtended invitations. 

muary 6, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 

Seminary Faculty and students traveled to tfiis special 
leeting and although they did not get back home until 
iree o'clock a.m. they were most pleased to give of their 
me, effort, and gifts. The Seminary community is an- 
ous to enlist the interest of laymen and recruit stu- 
?nts for the Gospel ministry. 

Someone asked, "Can the Ohio, Pennsylvania, or Cen- 

tral District Bi'ethren match this 'Hoosier success story 
of the year?" We are waiting in anticipation. 

The real significance of the occasion was not primarily 
the amount of money but the sense of revival in the 
Church, among the Brethren, exciting everyone concern- 
ing the call and challenge of the Christian Ministry — 
the preaching and teaching of the saving Gospel of Jesus 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Washington, D. C. (EP) — By a 
)unt of 71-0, the Senate voted to 
3rmit court tests to determine 
hether the Constitution's provision 
ir separation of church and state 
irs federal aid to church-affiliated 

The federal body attached an 
nendnient authorizing such suits to 

bill which would extend for three 
;ars the 1965 Elementary and Sec- 
idary School Act, the biggest pro- 
'am of federal aid to education. 
The amendment's sponsor, Sen. 
am J. Ervin Jr. (D-N.C), said he 
links grants to parochial and other 
ligious schools are unconstitutional 
ider the doctrine calling for separ- 
tion of church and state. His 
nendment, reported in an AP re- 
ase, would also permit suits in oth- 
r federal aid programs — for ex- 
Wple, an anti-poverty project with 
lurch affiliation. 

Ervin argued that the federal 
lurts have declined to act on many 
ises involving the issue on the 
round that the person bringing the 
lit could not claim sufficient inter- 
It to have a standing in court. 

jPalm Springs, Calif. (EP) — The 
lillion-dollar Palm Springs Commun- 
Church wants to puJl out of the 
nited Presbyterian denomination be- 
use of the new "confession." 
It's the area's sharpest reaction to 
e "Confession of 1967" to which 
e congregation objects. 

United Presbyterians last spring 
gave final approval to the "Confes- 
sion of 1967" which succeeds the 
Westminister Confession, which for 
300 years has provided a doctrinal 
background for the faith. 

When this action became final, the 
50-year-old Palm Springs congrega- 
tion voted to pull out, in order to 
maintain the Westminster Confes- 
sion as its sole confessional state- 

The pastor. Dr. James N. Black- 
stone, 21 years with the congrega- 
tion, is charged by the Presbytery of 
Riverside with violation of certain of 
his ordination vows for circulating 
arguments by mail to influence his 
950-member congregation to drop the 
denominational ties. 

Publishers caught in the throat 

The U.S. Senate this week voted 
to raise postal rates and hike salaries 
for federal civilian workers by $2.6 

To do it they drew a bead on users 
of the mail, hitting hard at religious 
periodicals and publishers who face 
what Dr. Russell T. Hitt of Eternity 
magazine called "confiscatory legis- 
lation" when he testified before the 
House of Representatives committee 
working on the bill last July. 

The Senate Bill, already passed by 
the House, increases postal revenues 
from third-class bulk mail by $183 
million annually compared to the 
$154 million in additional bulk mail 
costs under the House bill. 

Senator Mike Monroney (D-Okla.) 

charged that commercial mail^users 
have conducted "the most odious lob- 
bying activities I've seen in my 29 
years in Congress" against the Sen- 
ate measure. 

The Senate bill would raise mailing 
rates for second-class mail, mostly 
news publications, by $32.6 million 
a year while the House bill would 
bring in $39.6 million. 

Spokesmen for the religious press 
say that such increases, coming on 
the heels of expensive Zip Code up- 
dating required by the Post Office 
before January 1, 1967, would put a 
minimum of fi\'e per cent of the 
smaller organizations and publica- 
tions out of business. 

Will our papers perish with postal 


New York (EP) — The first com- 
plete edition of the Bible for popu- 
lar use to be published by the Rus- 
sian Orthodox Church since the Com- 
munist revolution of 1917 will be is- 
sued in late December, according to 
the foreign affairs spokesman for the 
Moscow Patriarchate. 

Metropolitan Nicodim of Leningrad 
and Novgorod, chairman of the De- 
partment of External Church Affairs 
for the Patriarchate, made the an- 
nouncement during an address to of- 
ficials of the American Bible Society 

The metropolitan and two other 
representatives of the Russian 
Church were in New York during a 
three-week visit in the U.S. as guests 
of the Church of the Brethren. 

The projected new edition of the 
Russian-language Bible, the Russian 
churchman said, will be illustrated. 
It apparently will not be a new trans- 
lation but the printing of a text al- 
ready available. 

Metropolitan Nicodim said, "The 
Russian language is not subject to 
the rapid changes noted in other 
languages so it is not so important 
for us to have a new translation." 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelil 

Pre-publication Date on the 


has been extended to 





•7. 5B*^ 

Since the orders for the "History of fhe Brethren Church 

by Dr. Albert T. Ronk have been coming in so slowly, 
Central Council decided to extend the pre-publication 
date for orders to February I, 1968. 

The price of the book will be $6.95 plus tax and hand- 
ling charges. If you order it NOW, however, the cost 
will be $6.25 plus 25c handling charges, or $6.50. If you 
live in Ohio the cost will be $6.75 (25c tax). 

Please keep in mind that the pre-publication price is 
good only until February 1, 1968, therefore we urge you 
to get your order In NOW!! 

In order to meet printing costs 1,500 books must be 
sold immediately! 

So far only 230 books have been sold (December 27, 

The Laymen organizations of the local churches have 
agreed to take orders for this book. If you haven't 
ordered yours as yet, please contact your Layman Organ- 
ization or your pastor. 

Or — you may send the order in directly to us: 


524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

A check, money order or cash must accompany your 

It Is hoped that each church will average at least 
20 copies of the book! 


inuary 6, 1968 

Page Twenty-nine 




^REACHING in a crowded public 
park? Yes, because here is 
here we find the people; people 
ho need to have an opportunity to 
-■ar about the love of God and the 
e that Jesus offers. People who 
■ed to have Christ presented to 
lem in a way they can understand 
id so respond. Young people, old 
ople, little people; all are here in 
■le park so this is where we preach. 
Dona Francisca lived with her 
iiughter across the street from the 
irk. She was curious about the 
owd that gathered each Sunday af- 
rnoon around the statue in the cen- 
r of the plaza. One Sunday she 
ossed the street to find out what 
as going on. She listened as the 
oup sang choruses and presented 
1 illustrated Bible story. Then the 
istor spoke simply of the redemp- 
m story and gave an invitation, 
ona Francisca raised her hand and 
ayed after the service to talk and 

there in the crowded park she was 
transformed by the Holy Spirit into 
a new creature. The story does not 
end there, for this woman spoke to 
her daughter who then accepted 
Christ. Later a son and daughter-in- 
law, also, became Christians because 
of Dona Francisca's witness. A chain 
reaction that began in a busy park 
on a Sunday afternoon. 

Also, across from the park is an 
Old Peoples Home maintained by the 
Roman Catholic Church. Many of the 
old men who live at the home come 
to the park on Sunday afternoon to 
sit in the sun and watch the young 
children play. Don Francisco was a 
retired watchmaker. Now he was 
alone in the world; no family, no 
close friends, no one to visit him or 
care for him. He shuffled over to 
the statue in the center of the park 
where so many had heard of Jesus. 
The theme of love caught at his 
heart and he came into the large 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

family of the Children of God. Don 
Francisco is now a familiar sight at 
every service of the church, sitting in 
the front pew with his Bible and 
hymnbook, a seventy-year-old new- 
born child of God who found, in the 
park, new life and family and friends. 
One gang of boys decided the 
group around the statue made a good 
target and began throwing stones. 
The next Sunday one of the boys 
brought a few eggs. With the other 

Christians praying earnestly, the pas- 
tor approached the leader of the 
gang. He spoke softly but firmly of 
how Satan was using them to his 
advantage. Another week passed and 
the gang was again in the park but 
this time just milling around the 
edge of the crowd. After the service 
the boys were invited to the church 
for tea and to play table-tennis. Al- 
though at this first meeting none ac- 
cepted Christ, the leader of the gang 

made it clear to each member thai 
there was to be no more rock throw 
ing. A short time later one of thi 
boys made his profession of faiti 
and trust in Jesus as his Savior an( 

Preaching in a crowded publi 
park? Yes, because here is where W' 
find the people, and among the pec 
pie is where Jesus would have us t 

world missions in — 


■ I "HE CHURCH at Cordoba is among the mission work 
1 established by Dr. C. F. Yoder and is the oldest 
mission point held by our church today. The city is rath- 
er isolated from other Brethren Churches in Argentina; 
the nearest one is Rosario, 321 miles distant. Cordoba is 
the third largest city in the Republic and one of the old- 

In February of 1967, Bill and Fran Curtis continued 
their missionary service by accepting the pastorate at 
Cordoba. There is a full program of Sunday School, 
evening services, midweek prayer and Bible study, young 
people's meetings and weekly women's meetings. 

A new temple is being constructed on the site of the 
old parsonage and with the constant rising cost of liv- 
ing, the building project becomes a greater involvement 
to the congregation. The members themselves do some 
of the work and had been awaiting the completion of 
the roof to work on the walls and floors. 

In addition to the Stewardship of Labor, the Cordoba 
congregation had a month's study for all groups in the 
church directed to the theme of Stewardship of Time, 

Senora Salinas Cruz, the oldest mem- 
ber of the Cordoba Church. 


This Jeep sonietiiiies has, 11 passengers lor the trip to 
Sunday School at Cordoba Church. Bill Curtis, the driv- 
er, took the picture. 

Talents and Material Substance. Special emphasis W8 
placed upon the tithe as the minimum expression of thei 
love to the Savior. As a result of this campaign and tb 
new financial plan, the giving was doubled in the mont 
of June and almost tripled in July. Many in the churc' 
have signed "faith promises" in their giving throughcn 
the coming year. 

During a recent revival campaign, the Lord trul 
blessed them. Between October 15 and 22, sixteen firs 
time manifestations were made and some twenty recoi 
secrations. The attendance the first two nights in th 
church of 72 members, who averaged about 53 at servic( 
ordinarily, was over 100 and messages given caused mar 
to re-evaluate their life and purpose. 

Note to readers: 

Kindly PRAY that this spiritu 
awakening might continue. 
PRAY for those who recently foui 
Christ as they attend special classe 


nuary 6, 1968 

Page Thirty-one 


from the Bolingers 

■'REETINGS from the land of the Higi people! As 
J. we draw near to Christmas, we think much of our 
iny blessings. Of course, the most important is the 
vation which we receive in Christ and we think how 
ich it has changed our whole lives. It has brought 
the fellowship of many new found friends both in 
lerican and here in Nigeria. It has opened to us a 
ole new vista of opportunities and challenges; there 
I'e been new places, new and strange sights and smells, 
'\f/ sounds to tantilize the ear. In all these new things, 
I've been brought to the limits of our knowledge and 
jo the realm of dependence on faith. As a direct result 
j have received a deep joy from witnessing, first 
pd, the power of God to provide for our needs and to 
ing the souls of men to Christ. 

Ve have deeply appreciated all your letters and pray- 

for we are aware that things would not have hap- 

led as they did unless there were faithful prayer 

iriors lifting us up and our work in prayer before 

t hardly seems possible that almost half of our first 
r will be completed by the time you receive this 
;er and that we will have been at Mbororo for a 
.r. We feel that we are only beginning to get to 
)W the people and are just now gaining their confi- 
ice. We are continuing with the Higi language which 
people call "Vichimevey." Many of the sounds are 
iduced far back in the mouth with the tongue turned 
:k so it takes much practice to reproduce the sounds 
; the people. 

David and Susan are doing much better in school 
and seem to be happy; this makes us feel better as this 
was a matter of real concern for us. We have a new 
kitten which David received from his dorm parents, so 
our menagerie is growing. 

Jon, our four-year-old, has been having quite a time 
catching frogs and chameleons. It seems that now the 
rains have stopped, we have had a real invasion of frogs 
around the house. David has always been a collector of 
animals, too, and we heard that in Jos he had caught 
a night adder with his handkerchief before he realized 
it was poisonous. 

Brian is talking much more now and tries to say ev- 
erything that Jon says and thinks he can do everything 
that Jon does. He is independent and takes great delight 
in seeing how much he can taunt us before we call his 

Rose and I are glad to have the Winfields with us 
for a while at Mbororo. Rose is glad to have Kitty to 
talk with and to help with ideas for women's work. Dick 
and I have been taking trips to the different churches 
to get an idea of the work being done. 

Our thoughts and prayers are with each of you and 
our prayer is that in the midst of national confusion 
and international confUct that all of you will know 
that peace which God proclaimed for men of goodwill 
to the shepherds on that Galilean hillside so many years 

Rev. St Mrs. Albert T. Ronk Page Thirty-two The Brethren Evangelii 

27 High St, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

. . . reserve your history book NOW! 

Pre-publication orders are now being 
received by: 


524 College Ave. 

Ashland. Ohio 44805 

Cost $ 6.95 

Less 10% .70 

$ 6.25 
Handling .25 

$ 6.50 

(Plus sales tax where applicable) 

This book is a history of the Brethren 
Church up to 1966. The author is Dr. Albert 
T. Ronk. 







llie. "Bhitkeit 




Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society . .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-~271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, bu.sinoss communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Coinniittt'e: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "The Brethren's Home" 3 

The Board of Christian Education 4 

The Brethren Layman 8 

"The Four Horses and Their Riders" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 11 

Benevolent Board Promotional Materials 14 

"Evening Walks with Jesus — To Cana in Galilee" 
by Rev. George W. Solomon .20 

"The Person and Office of the Holy Spirit" 
by George E. Cone 21 

The Missionary Board 24 

Sistcrliood Program Materials for February ....27 

Signal Lights Program Materials for Februai-y . .30 




THERE HAVE boon three deaths recently of rl 
tired ministers in the Brethren Church. Thes 
men ha\e gh-en much of their li\'es for the Bretl 
ren Church and for the cause of Christ. More ii 
formation will be given in future issues of th 
magazines about these men. They are: 

Rev. Doyle Belote who passed away on Decembe 
29, 1967, at the Brethren's Home in Flora, Indian; 

Rev. Edwin Boardnian passed away on Januai 
11, 1968, in Ashland, Ohio, where ho had residt 
for several years. 

Rev. A. H. Lichty passed away on December 2 
1967, in Houston, Texas, where he has lived fi 
many years. 



ANY Brethren throughout America will 
saddened to learn of the passing of an oi' 
standing layman in the Park Street Brethr 
Church in Ashland, Ohio. Mr. Myron Kimmel pa:, 
ed away very suddenly on Saturday evening. Jar 
ary 13, 1968. Besides being active in the chur 
in Ashland, Mr. Kimmel had served on the Boa' 
of Trustees for Ashland College for many yeaj 


SEVERAL have written in about tlie Annual. _ 
book has been printed and is now in the pixjcf 
of binding. It should be ready for mailing witl 
a very short time and you will be receiving it 
soon as it is completed. 

The publication is late because two districts i 
not get their officiary in in time for an earlier p 
lication. In fact, the officers for these two distri' 
will not appear since we did not receive the inf 


ON PAGE 21 of this issue of The Breth) 
Evangelist you will find an article entitl 
"The Person and Office of the Holy Spirit: 
George E. Cone. This article was given as a Bi 
study at General Conference at Winona Lake, Ii 
ana, on August 29, 1930, and appeared in 
Brethren Evangelist on October 25, 1930. 
Be sure to read this article! 


fanuary 20, 1968 

Page Three 




Tlie IBfethrens H 


,Y/E ALL are thrilled with the progress which 
»* the Benevolent Board has made within the 
ast few years. We are most happy with the 
uilding of the new home in Flora, Lidiana. The 
oard has done an excellent piece of work in the 
romotion of its work in recent years. 

It was just a few years ago that there was 
)me feeling that perhaps it would be best to 
bandon the home in Flora and make other ar- 
mgements in taking care of the older members 
f our clmrch. The board, however, felt differ- 
itly, and we should be grateful for their fore- 
ght in this matter! 

This board, under the leadership of its presi- 
3nt, Mr. Dorman Ronk, made every effort to 
cplore all avenues of its work in order to learn 
3w to make it more effective for the denomina- 
on. Even when it seemed that perhaps it would 
i better to cease its operations, the members 
the board continued to study the situation 
om every angle. Progress has been made! 

At the present, the beautiful new home is about 
completed! Applications to enter the home are 
in abundance. This has been made possible by the 
revision of regulations relative to entrance. Not 
only will the home serve Brethren people, but 
it is now available to those of other faiths. The 
room rates for residents are now in conformance 
with other homes of like nature. 

We Brethren can certainly be proud of the 
new facilities! 

Now that the Benevolent Boai'd has accomp- 
lisiied so much within such a short time does not 
mean that they have completed their work. The 
board is now exploring the possibility of organ- 
izing and establishing other such homes in other 
districts of the denomination. Since such homes 
would be open for residents other than Brethren, 
this will be possible. 

We urge each of you to give your support to 
this program by both your prayers and your 
finances. This board continues to have the Breth- 
ren Church at heart! 

I'age Four 

The Brethren Evangelis 




During a routine interview, a young mental patient 
commented that his problems all started when he had 
joined a subversive political group. He said, "I joined 
this group because they accepted me and made me feel 
wanted. But now I'm all mixed up." 

When questioned about his relationship with the 
church, he replied that he tried it for a while but when 
he stopped going "nobody cared." 

How about your church — does it care? Are you 
preparing for effective outreach in your community? 

Certainly we would agree that preparation for church 
school growth and enlargement begins with spiritual 
preparation. The people must be led to see that the op- 
portunity for regular, systematic Bible study is lost to 
millions who are not being reached by the church. People 
must be informed that we study the Bible, not as liter- 
ature alone, but as the Word of God speaking to our 
generation. How shall they hear unless we overcome 
our apparent embarassment and convey the message? 

A love for people and a realization of their need for 
the gospel are two factors that should cause church 
school leaders to emphasize visitation enlistment. 

Effective visitation enlistment requires the establish- 
ment of definite plans to visit to enlist people in the 
church school outreach program. A definite time for 
\'isitor enlistment is a guarantee for involving members 
in outreach. 

Visitors should be trained in making two types of 
calls. First, the absentee call, in which church school 
workers and members major on extending a personal 
ministry and expressing concern for the person who is 
absent. Second, the prospect call, in which every possi- 
ble effort is made to enlist in Bible study all those who 
are cither unsaved or unaffiliated with a church. 

Church school workers and members who are trained 
and inspired to visit with purpose assure a sustaining 
visitation program. The leader in charge of enlargement 

and visitation should remind the visitor of five facts a 
lie goes out for purposeful visitation: 

(1) He is representing Christ and the church. In s 
doing, he should con\'ey Christian concern for th 
persons visited. 

(2) The visitor is to help persons understand th 
work of the church with special emphasis on th 
church school. 

(3) He is to share information regarding specific o 
portunities provided for Bible study. Chief amor 
these opportunities are the classes for Bib 
study on Sunday morning and fellowship Bib 
classes, held at various times, usually away fix) 
the church. 

(4) Benefits result from visitation. The church ben 
fits from the witness given, the member visitir 
benefits from the opportunity to go in the nan 
of Christ, and the prospect benefits from a Chr: 
tian testimony made possible through a progra. 
of visitation. 

(5) God gives the increase. We do not reach and ^w 
the persons whose names are assigned; but wh* 
we are faithful in visiting and witnessing, G-, 
will honor the efforts of visitation. Faithful, cc 
tinued, prayerful and effective visitation alwa 
pays dividends. 

Possessing a knowledge of the functional aspects 
cliurch schcol enlargement is not, of itself, sufficient 1 
enlarging the church school and enlisting people in Bil 
study. This knowledge must be translated into positi' 

There is great need for long-range planning by t 
local church Board of Christian Education to be st 
that prospects are discovered, reached and won to Chr 
and the church. The church school secretary should 
included in this planning as new members must 

January 20, 1968 

Page Five 

)roperly received and classified. The prospect file must 
)e kept up to date at all times. 

Teamwork and the desire to magnify the name of 
;;hrist in performing the work of the church school in- 
ures both a good working relationship among visitors 

and a bountiful harvest as persons are won to the 

Is your church ready to pay the price of true concern 
or must people in your community say, "I was absent 
and nobody cared"? 


"Mickey Mouse is not welcome" in the new High 
School Bible teaching materials published this fall by 
iospel Light Publications of Glendale, California. 

"We are trying some new ideas to provide Bible-in 
Lction lessons to help today's teen-agers with today's 
luestions," Youth Editor Fritz Ridenour points out. 
Our aim is to confront the teen-ager with the vital 
ruths in God's Word. We hope to help him establish a 
:cnuine personal relationship to the Lord Jesus Christ 
nd then guide him in applying Biblical truth to life as 
le experiences it. 

"One of our major emphases is on helping the teacher. 

ye combine Bible content with teaching methods that 

ire designed to involve the students and gain their in- 

prest and participation. We continually try to give 

?achers practical tips on how to communicate with 

oung people in an open, understanding way. To help 

le teen-ager learn, you have to get him to trust you. 

ou have to accept him for what he is and not for what 

i\i would like him to be. 

'While our teaching methods and techniques are new, 

hold the conservative evangelistic approach to the 

:riptures that Gospel Light has always tried to main- 

dn. But in dealing with the teen-ager of today we at- 

^mpt to get rid of the outworn cliches and avoid the 

eaching of theory without giving the teenager any 

ea of how to put it into practice. Everything we do is 

signed to help the young person see that the Bible is 

levant for his life right now and that Christianity is 

>t an antiquated collection of dots, rules and legal- 

m," Editor Ridenour explained. 

When completed, the new three-year course will con- 
it of three series of four quarters each. Each quarter- 
study in the 12th grade course (What I Believe and 
hy) includes a Teacher's Manual, a Teacher's Resource 
it, a Student Study Guide and a Student's Paperback, 
le 11th and 10th grade courses, which are to follow 
the next two years, will feature a varied format but 
ntain essentially the same features of the 12th grade 

Response to the first 12th grade quarterly unit, a life- 
related doctrinal study from Romans titled, Come Alive!, 
has been "tremendously encouraging" to Ridenour and 
his staff. A 12th grader from Ohio writes: 

"So much of the Sunday School material is the 
same old thing that we have studied two or 
three years ago only hidden within a new cover. 
But this course has a fresh, new approach that 
is interesting and matter-of-fact. The student's 
book How to be a Christian Without Being Re- 
ligious has something to say to teens. It is the 
best and most pertinent to teens I have had for 
a long time." 
Also already available is the second 12th grade quar- 
terly study. Understanding Other Faiths, which examines 
major religions and cults from an orthodox Biblical per- 
spective. The title of the student's paperback for this 
course is So, 'What's the Difference? Quarters three 
and four of the 12th grade course will be a study of 
liasic questions and problems that confront the Christian 
in today's scientific and secular age. The title for both 
quarters will be "What's Your Answer? with Volume I 
covering questions on the inspiration of Scripture, and 
the so-called "conflict" between science and the Bible. 
Volume II of What's Your Answer? will go into such 
areas of ethics, morals, marriage and personal relation- 
ships. Both of these courses will also include student's 
paperbacks. Who Says? and It All Depends. 

"We talk a lot about our youth problem, but I think 
the problem really lies with the adult leadership of youth 
in the Sunday School and church," says Ridenour. "Even 
though we have meant well, too often we've been giving 
the kids a diet of Mickey Mouse and Pablum when what 
they are looking for is real Christianity and a meaning- 
ful faith that works right now, not a fire insurance pol- 
icy that they can use later when they are old and grey. 
We've lost a lot of ground with our young people in the 
church and it's our hope at Gospel Light that these new 
lessons will play a part in making some of it up. One 
thing is for sure; time is running out and we'd better 
get with it." 



ians 2:11 


Page Six 

The Brethren Evang:elist 



Old Testament 

M-20 Abraham, Man of Faith - 27 frames, color photos, 
rec & man., 8 min. junior-adult, teaching and de- 
\-otional scripts with filmstrip plus discussion guides 
This filmstrip tells the story of Abraham, a man 
of faith from the time God first called him to the 
time he almost sacrificed his son, Isaac. 

M-21 Jacob, Bearer of the Promise - 41 frames, color 
photos, rec & man., 11 min. junior-adult, teaching 
and devotional scripts with filmstrip plus discus- 
sion guides 

Filmstrip traces the life of Jacob from birth to the 
time of Esau, hi.s brother, who forgave him. 

IVI-22 Joseph, the Voung Man - 35 frames, color photos, 
rec & man., 8 min. junior-adult, teaching and de- 
votional scripts with filmstrip plus discussion guides 
The filmstrip depicts the life of Joseph from the 
time his father, Abraham, gave him a coat of many 
colors until he became a ruler in Egypt. 

M-27 David, A Young Hero - 35 frames, color photos, rec 
& man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching and devo 
tional scripts with filmstrip plus discussion guides 
Beginning with David in the wilderness, running 
from King Saul, this filmstrip continues to thi 
end of David's life with 40 years reign over Israel 

M-29 Solomon, A Man of Wisdom - 33 frames, color pho 
tos, rec & man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching an( 
devotional scripts with filmstrip plus discussioi 

The life of King Solomon is shown from his ascer 
sion to the throne through the visit of the Quee) 
of Sheba. 

M-30 Elijah, A Fearless Prophet - 41 frames, color ph( 
tos, rec & man., 10 min. junior-adult, teaching an 
devotional scripts with filmstrip plus discussio 

Elijah is shown in conflict with the wicked Kin 
Ahab and Queen Jezebel with the conclusion of th 
filmstrip showing Elijah being taken into heave 
and Elisha left alone. 

M-23 Joseph, Ruler of Egypt - 33 frames, color photos, 
rec & man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching and de- 
\-otional scripts with filmstrip plus discussion 

This filmstrip shows the life of Joseph from the 
time he was a ruler in Egypt overseeing the stor- 
age of grain until the time his father, Jacob, comes 
to Egypt and the family is reunited. 

I\l-24 Gideon, the Liberator - 36 frames, color photos, rec 
& man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching and devotion- 
al scripts with filmstrip plus discussion guides 
Life of Gideon is revealed in this filmstrip, begin- 
ning with the Israelites worshipping Baal and end- 
ing with Gideon's victoi-y o\'er the Midianites. 

M-25 Ruth, A Faithful Woman - 33 frames, color photos, 
rec & man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching and de- 
votional scripts with filmstrips plus discussion 

The story of Ruth is told beginning with Naomi in 
Moab and ending with the birth of Ruth and Boaz' 

I\I-26 Samuel, A Dedicated Man - 32 frames, color pho- 
tos, rec & man., 9 min. junior-adult, teaching and 
devotional .scrii)ts with filmstrip plus discussion 

The filmstrip begins with Hannah in prayer for a 
son and moves through the life of Samuel until 
the time he goes to search out the second king of 
Israel, David. 

Stewardship (for Children) 

M-45 stewardship for Boys and Girls - Part I includi 
"Stewards of Our Bodies" and "Stewards of Tin 
and Money" - 49 frames, color draws, rec & mar 
7 min. for each story, primary-junior 

Part 1 - When Wayne gets sick just before tl 
Junior Football championship game, he learns hu 
he has an important part in helping God take ca 
of his body. 

Part 2 - Wayne and Baxter learn some thin 
about the stewardship of time and money whi 
they join in a church project to take some Puer 
Rican boys to the zoo. 

N-1 Stewardship for Boys and Girls - Part II includ 
"Stewards of God's World" and "Stewards of Pe' 
ons" - 48 frames, color draws, rec & man., 7 mi 
for each story, primarj'-junior 

Pai-t 1 - When Patsy and Jim go with their fa: 

ily on a weekend camping trip, they learn h< 

they can work with G(xl in keeping his woi 

Part 2 - In helping Ann convalesce from a serii 
tllncss, Phyllis disco\ers God's truth that even 
liandicapped person has something important a 
valuable about him. 

muary 20, 1968 

Puge Seven 

... Christian Living — Teens 

■43 What You Think About Sex (Attitudes) -46 frames, 
color draws, rec & man., 10 min. junior high-senior 

Developing Christian attitudes about sex and seel^- 
ing to discover the place of sex in the Christian 
life by: realizing that sex is a planned, purposeful 
part of God's creation; checking up on what it 
means to be "manly" and "womanly"; examining 
sexual activity in the light of the Christian con- 
viction that body, mind and spirit cannot be sep- 
arated; considering the setting and relationship 
necessary for expressing one's deepest feelings of 

44 What You Do About Sex (Behavior) - 45 frames, 
color draws, rec & man., 10 min. junior high-senior 

Developing Christian standards of sexual beha\'ior 
by: examining contradictory patterns of se.xual con- 
duct and behavior in the world today; considering 
Jesus' ideas about the "wholeness" and "holiness" 

of human personality; rethinking the purposes of 
dating and boy-girl friendships; looking at boy-girl/ 
man-woman relationships in terms of commitment; 
interpreting the sexual relationship as a God-given 
way of saying, "I love you," which demands the 
security, permanence and commitment of marriage. 
These filmstrips are new ones acquired since the pro- 
duction of the new Filmstrip Index which is included in 
the Christian Education Manuel. A supplement will be 
produced in the near future that can be placed in the 
new Index but until it is available we are placing them 
here for your reference. Perhaps you would like to re- 
move it from the magazine, punch holes in the sheet 
and place it with the new index if you have it or at such 
time as you receive one. 

All these filmstrips are available for a rental fee of 
$1.00 each from: Board cf Christian Education. 524 
College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805. When ordering, 
please order at least two weeks prior to the showing 
date. Be sure to send us your name, address, number 
and title of filmstrip/s desired plus your second choice 
and for what dates. 


^he Jr. BYC had their first meeting on September 10, 

7. We elected officers with the following results: 

President Steve Clem 

V. President Terry Shoff 

Secretary joy Duff 

Treasurer Rex Overholser 

Ve ha\'e been having an average attendance of 15 at 
meetings. In December we were busy preparing our 

■istmas program which was held on December 17. 

Ve have had interesting filmstrips on animals and in- 

ts at our meetings. 

i^e have sold Halloween and CHiristmas candy to meet 
goals for the Project. In the near future we plan 

aper drive. 

— Re.x Overholser 

1967 - 68 

Goal: $18,000 


he Senior BYC of Gratis, Ohio has met and chosen 
:ers for this year. They are as follows: 

President Wade Michael 

V. President Sherry Barnhart 

Treasurer David Barnhart 

Secretary Beth Miller 

e ha\'e set our goal at $250 for the National Project 

Jr meetings have included a Halloween and Christ- 
party and we have had two successful paper drives. 

— Beth Miller 




Pag:e Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 


James E. Norris 

Program for February 



"Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us. 
because he hath given us of his Spirit" (I John 4:13). 


The purpose of this study tonight is to awaken us to 
the power that resides within every believer. Jesus said, 
"But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost 
is Come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me 
both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, 
rnd unto the uttermost part of the earth" (Acts 1:8). 

Topics for Discussion: 

1. The Holy Spirit is a Person. 

"But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom 
the father will send in my name, he shall teach you 
all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, 
whatsoever I have said unto you" (John 14:26). Read 
also John 16:13, 14. These Scriptures clearly state that 
the Holy Spirit is Person. Let us have some discussion 
on this. 

2. The Spirit strives with man (Gen. 6:3). 

The Spirit is constantly liying to draw us away from 
evil. He is grieved when we do not do His will. Here 
i.s an a .or for discussion — Gen. 6:6. 

What is the relationship of the Christian to the Holy 
Spirit? or should we say the relationship of the Holy 
Spirit to the Christian? 

3. The Holy Spirit instructs, regenerates, sanctifiei 
and comforts believers. 

Read John 16:13, 14; 14:3-5 and I Peter 1:2. 
■t. The Holy Spirit is the Comforter for all Christian; 

"Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient fc 
you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comfortf 
will not come unto you; but if I depart, I wUl send hii 
unto you" (John 16:7). 

The Holy Spirit takes the place Christ filled when H 
was on earth with His disciples. We have the promif 
that the Comforter will abide with us forever (Jol: 
14:16). This Comforter came on the day of Penteca 
and has been here ever since. One of the gi-eatest bles 
ings of the Holy Spirit to every belie\er is that powe 
which is spoken of in Acts 1:8. Although Christ's dis( 
pies had some measure of power before Pentecost, 
was very limited. After Pentecost, they had the gif 
of prophecy, miracles and Christian boldness. 

The pouring out of the Holy Spirit on believers mai 
them true witnesses for Him. This same Holy Spii 
is present with us today, but few of us wholly consecra 
our lives to Him. 

With the true spirit in our hearts we will be able 
live Christian lives among the most wicked. Our liv 
will preach a sermon to all those we work with or as; 
ciate with in any way. It will enable us to love o 
enemies and do good to those who despitefully use ' 
"The Spirit himself maketh intercession for us" (Ro, 
8:26 RSV). 


Why not join the 

anuary 20, 1968 

Page Nine 

Joys' Brotherhood Study Article — 

God's World In The Bible - Edible Plants or Grains 


rHE PROBLEMS CONFRONTING the student of the 
plants of the Bible have long been perplexing ones, 
ven though difficult, however, these studies hold great 
scination for the interested person. Only recently 
IS the correct translation of many of the plants of the 
sstaments been accomplished. This critical analysis 
/ botanical authorities has cleared away much of the 
irlier confused interpretation of the plant names in- 
uded in such categories, for example, as spices, gums, 
censes, brambles and thorns. 

Many names of plants growing in the Holy Land dur- 
g Bible times present little or no difficulty to the 
anslator, for they clearly refer to the plants or the 
Qse relatives of the plants, that are growing now in 
ir own temperate regions. The almond is an example 
this. Others, however, still elude the botanist, their 
igins lost in antiquity. 

|BarIey, a grain cultivated for man and beast from 
Icient times. It is considered to be the most universal- 
cultivated cereal. Barley bread was a staple food of 
'e Hebrews and a symbol of poverty and scorn (Hosea 
2). Barley corns were used by the Hebrews as a unit 
I measui-e. 

peans are certainly \'ery well known and used by 

pple today. It would probably be safe to say that one 

more kinds of our variety of beans is liked and eaten 

most people. In the green bean, dried bean, lima 

an and other market \arieties there is a taste type to 

it most persons. The broad bean, extensively cultiva- 

1 in Palestine, is also known as English, dwarf, Wind- 

■, or horse bean. Dried ground beans were mixed in 

th grain flour to make bread (Ezekiel 4:9), a staple 

:icle of diet for the poor of Palestine. Very little of 

s bean type is grown in America, but it is very popu- 

in California and the Canadian maritime provinces. 

The Bramble is a strong growing bush-like plant with 

ig, arching, stout, prickly stems. It is the blackberry 

3h of the European countrysides. These bushes are 

ntioned in Judges 9:14, 15. Any of you young men 

Jio have gone hunting or blackberrying can testify to 

tliorny or prickly stems of the bramblebush. We 

uld all pick our way veiy carefully through these 

hs to keep from injury or harm. This .sliould also 

i)ly to our daily Christian walk, that we faret'ully 

ose our paths to keep from being injured or harmed 

I sins prickly stems and Satan's hidden (roneealed) 

irny ambushes. 

f \<)U have read the book of Exodus, you have seen 
■ word Coriander — Exodus 16:31. The seeds of this 
nt in the carrot family are the size of a peppercorn. 
ey have a shaiTp though pleasant aroma. These seeds 
le common in the Holy Land, and were used for cul- 
ry and medicinal purposes. 

"he refreshing fruit of the cucumber vine was one 
icacy the Children of Israel constantly desired after 

leaving Egypt. It grew best along the banks of the 
Nile and biblical reference is found in Isaiah 1:8. The 
blessings of seeds sown, growth of vines, and harvest of 
\arious plants should make us thankful that we have 
our Heavenly Father that provides for our physical 
and spiritual needs. We need to be more conscious and 
concerned of the sowing of the seed for the salvation of 

In Isaiah 28:26, 27 we read of the plant cummin. This 
plant is not found wild, it is the only species of its kind 
(genus), and western Asia is its home. Its aromatic 
seeds are "crushed and mixed" with bread and added to 
the meat pot. The small tender seeds are harvested 
with a rod; if threshed otherwise, they would be ruined. 

Would you boys believe that you are a very important 
species of the human race, and that God is concerned 
with your spiritual welfare? Would you also believe 
that the Lord does not desire to "crush" your spirit, and 
neither does He want you to "mix" with worldly 
thoughts and actions, but does strongly desire that with 
love and biblical teaching for you to be spiritually ready 
for His harvest. You can accomplish this by cultivating 
your life through reading His Divine Inspired Word, 
talking to Him through prayer, and allowing Jesus to 
become .your personal Savior. 

The plant. Desire, (caper) provided a much-needed 
appetite stimulant for the aging. It is the young pickled 
buds that give the "desire" of relish to the food. The 
fruit is inedible. 

Dove's Dung (Star of Bethlehem, II Kings 6:25), is 
the bulb of spring-blooming Star of Bethlehem. Dug up, 
and dried, it can be eaten roasted or ground to flour 
and mixed with meal to make bread. 

Fitches (vetches) belong to the bean family, while 
the "fitches" of Isaiah 28:24-27 belong to the buttercup 
family and are called the "nutmeg flower" (unrelated 
to the cultivated nutmeg). Its tiny, hot, and easily re- 
moved seeds are sprinkled on food like pepper. 

Garlick, one of the staple foods and an ingredient of 
many medicines. This plant grew in great abundance in 
Egypt. Small bulblets known as cloves of garlic grow 
around the main bulb. Numbers 11:5 is the only verse 
in the Bible mentioning the vegetables that were con- 
stantly missed by the Israelites during their journey 
toward the Promised Land. (Garlic salt is very good on 
cereal mix, popcorn, spaghetti, and various kinds of 
meat but is not advisable unless you are going to stay 
home for the evening.) This last statement is from 
the "voice of experience," after all no one wants to be 
avoided like a plague or to be treated as an outcast. 

Herbs, Bitter Herbs. Endive, common chicory, garden 
lettuce, water cress, and dandelion are the bitter herbs 
gathered fresh and eaten as a salad at the time of the 
Passover (Exodus 12:8 and Numbers 9:11). 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelis 

Hyssop (New Testament), a sorghum cane reaching 
a height of over six feet. The seed is grown for meal 
and is known in Palestine as "Jersualem Corn." This 
is thought to be the hyssop of John 19:28, 29. The 
"parched corn" received by Ruth from Boaz may have 
been the grain from this sorghum (Ruth 2:14). 

Numbers 11:5 tells us of Leeks a robust bulbous plant 
of the lily family with rather succulent, broad leaves. 
The bases of this plant are edible. The much desired 
small bulbs growing above ground are used in seasoning. 

Lentil, a small trailing member of the pea family. 
Its seeds are used as a meal when dried and ground. 
When soaked and cooked, they make a nourishing meal 
known as "pottage." You young men who have accepted 
Christ as your Sa\ior, are you allowing your "born 
again relationship" to become useless and dried up, or 
are you "soaking" up the spiritual with a useful "God 
directed, Christ centered, Holy Spirit filled" type of 
meal for life? 

I wonder if you boys and young men will urge your 
parents to buy you some Mallows, most likely a species 
of salt bush, a bushy shrub related to spinach. It was 
a food of the poor (Job 30:1, 3, 4). 

Mandrake (Genesis 30:14-16), a member of the potato 
family. The mandrake root is large, sometimes resemb- 
ling the human body in shape, and was used as a 
charm against the evil spirits. How thankful are we to 
be able to put our faith and trust in our Lord and not 
rely on superstitions and charms. 

Melon, cultivated in Egypt since before recorded his- 
tory, the fruits weighed as much as 50 pounds. Being 
abundant during the growing season, they were used by 
rich and poor alike for food, drink, and medicine. The 
seeds were eaten after roasting. Some authorities be- 
lieve that the reference to "melons" in Numbers 11:5 
includes both watermelons and muskmelons, although 
the former had their origin in Africa and the latter in 

The pungent garden Mint with the sharp scented pen- 
nyroyal, and the refreshing peppermint added much to 
making the meat dishes of the Jews more palatable. 
This mint grows in Palestine, is a lesser herb, has medi- 
cinal value, and is found in Luke 11:42. 

Mustard is a \ei->' common word, and one we are 
very apt to use every day. A thick stemmed plant, often 
growing higher than a man can reach. The field must- 
ard was an important economic plant of the Holy Land. 
The leaves were used as "greens" and the seeds were 
either powdered or made into paste. The larger plants 
were the favorite havens of the smaller birds (Matthew 
13:31, 32). This is the least of all seeds (verse 32), yet 
if we had as much faith as a grain of mustard seed, 
nothing would be impossible unto us (Matthew 17:20). 

The Onion, is a bulbous plant mentioned only in Num- 
bers 11:5. Both the inflated leaves and the bulbous 
underground base of this plant were universally used 
as food and have been cultivated since time immorial. 

Bye, probably the "rie" of Exodus 9:32. It grows taller 
than wheat, yet will survive where other grasses will 
not thrive. Isaiah 28:24-26 makes it plain that the 
farmers of Israel knew of the ability of this grain to 
grow under adverse conditions. 

Rue, mentioned only once in the Bible (Luke 11:42). 
Of the four varieties grown, the species graveolens. 

meaning "strong smelling," is the most common. I 
was relished for its peculiar though strong taste, am 
was useful in cookery and medicine. In thinking of med; 
cine, it causes me to wonder if this is why Luke, th 
beloved physician, uses this in his illustrative teachin 
unto the Pharisees. 

Sweet cane (sugar cane), a stout perennial resemblin 
Indian corn, but growing to a height of 8 to 20 fee' 
The juice of the sweet cane mentioned in Isaiah 43:2' 
although not used at that time for sugar making, wa 
highly esteemed for sweetening foods and drinks. Th 
pithy sweet stalks were used for chewing. 

Sweet cane (calamus), the ginger grass from nortl 
western and central India. It is called this because it 
bruised leaves give off a strong, spicy, aromatic seen 
and their pungent taste is like ginger. References ai 
found in Jeremiah 6:20 and Ezekiel 27:19. 

Vine (true), the first plant to be recorded as cultivate 
in biblical history. The grape, its origin lost in antiquit; 
grew first on the ground, over walls, or on crude su; 
ports. Later it was trained on a trellis, and final! 
cultivated in vineyards. It was a symbol of fruitfulnei 
and its harvesting a time of joyous festivity. Reference; 
Deuteronomy 8:8, Psalm 105:33; Zechariah 3:10. \ 

In Isaiah 5:2-4, and Jeremiah 2:21, these referencij 
seem to call for a plant that is closely related to tl- 
true vine in appearance in order to deceive the ownei 
of the vineyard. A "wild" or unselected strain of tl 
cultivated grape would be such a plant, called "stranf 
vine," or "wild grapes." In Matthew 7:16, we read 1 
shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grap., 
of thorns, or figs of thistles? Let's know the true vi) 
(Christ), and study Matthew 7:21 and John 15:1-17. 

Wheat, the most common cereal grain, was planti 
in the winter by the Hebrews. The reference here is 
the wheat of Joseph's time which bore seven ears -in oi 
stalk (Genesis 41:22). 

Today, as in the time of Jesus, certain varieties 
wheat may yield 30, 60 or even 100 grains to a he; 
(Matthew 13:3-8). The heads roasted over fire cons 
tuted the parched corn of the Old Testament, referenc 
found in Leviticus 23:14; Ruth 2:14; I Samuel 17:1 
and 25:18. 

It may be informative to read from your encycloi 
dias the information they give on barley, and rye, he 
a large amount of these two grains are used today f 
malting of beer and whiskey, then go back and rere 
that part of this article, noting the different use 
those grains then and now. 

Use chapter four of Mark for reading, studying a 


January 20, 19G8 

Page Eleven 


Revelation 6:1-8 
Part XIX 


''CHAPTER SIX continues the vision of John begun in 
>^^ chapter four, dealing with "things which shall be 
lereafter" (1:19). Such a vision brought John into the 
ery throne-room of heaven where God the Father is 
een sitting up His throne and surrounded by the four 
easts and twenty-four elders (representing all the re- 
eemed of creation). In the midst of this throne, John 
eheld "a Lamb as it had been slain" (5:6) who took 
rom the Father's right hand the scroll sealed with seven 
eals (symbolizing God's eternal redemptive purposes, 
idden from the natural understanding of His creation, 
nd revealed and fulfilled only in and through His 
Jhrist). We have already noted that chapter four and 
ve come to us mainly as a "drama of salvation" — 
ramatizing redemptive truth, centering in Christ's life, 
eath and resurrection, as a revelation and fulfillment 
f God's eternal redemptive purposes. We now wish to 
hange our consideration of this vision as a "drama of 
alvation" to that of actual prophecy, or, the fore-telling 
f future events. 

Lehman Strauss points out that the main action of 
he book of Revelation actually begins with chapter six: 
From this point on, as the seals of the book of destiny 
re opened, the judgment period for the earth is de- 
icted. Christ as the Lion-Lamb, who holds the title to 
ne earth by right of creation and redemption, is about 
3 take over. . . . The judgment period takes place in 
:1 to 19:4, the judgment being executed in three series: 
le seals (6:1 to 8:5); the trumpets (8:6 to 19:21); the 
fals (16:1 to 19:21)." Strauss does us a real favor when 
p ties these three series of judgment together in the 
i)Ilowing way: "Actually the seven seals cover the entire 
idgment period, with the trumpet judgments issuing 
orth out of the seals, and the vial judgments issuing 
i)rth out of the trumpets. This has been illustrated with 
I telescope comprising the three sections, the outer or 
a-ger section containing the inner two. Out of the larger 
action (the seals) issues the second or middle section 
he trumpets), and out of the second section issues the 
ner section (the vials)" The Book of the Revelation, 


As stated by Strauss, chapter six pictures the Lamb as 
)ening the book (scroll) with the seven seals which 
■mbolizes a progression of events leading up to the 
insummation of all history. This progression is here re- 
■aled in the opening of each seal, one by one. These 
'ents, in the light of the entire section from chapter 
i through nineteen, are to be best understood in terms 

of history which follows the close of this present Church 
Age. Some feel that the events depicted, best fit the lat- 
ter half of the great tribulation period, while others 
would see them in the total perspective of that period 
(i.e., seven years in duration, rather than three and one- 
half years). 

The fact that it is the Lamb who is pictured as open- 
ing these seals reveals that Christ is to be the central 
figure and focal-point of the historical events that follow 
the rapture of the Church, as well as of the historical 
events which precede it. Whatever the period of history 
— from creation to consummation— all of God's workings 
center in His Christ and are brought to fulfillment in 
and through him. 

Our present message will deal only with the opening 
of the first four of the seven seals, representing what we 
believe to be events concerning the entire tribulation pe- 
riod, following the rapture of the Church (perhaps such 
events becoming more and more intensified as the time 
proceeds). We need to note, at this point, that the bet- 
ter manuscripts do not include the words "and see" in 
the charge ("Come") by the four beasts. This helps us 
to see this charge as directed, not to the Apostle John, 
but rather to the four beasts and their riders. In a sense, 
we can visualize a large stage of prophetic history with 
the beasts as the production managers and the four horses 
and their riders as the main cast. 

The entire scene serves to symbolize the very nature of 
God's tribulational judgments, following closely the 
imagery of Zechariah 6:1-8, where the four horses repre- 
sent four spirits of God's judgment upon Babylon and 
Egypt, as well as upon other nations which shared in the 
oppression of God's elect. The mention of "the noise of 
thunder," in verse 1, suggests that the events about to be 
described will be enveloped in terror, wrath and judgment 
— a most fitting symbolism for these coming tribulation 
horrors. (Note also that the scene is no longer that of 
heaven but of earth.) 

The white horse and its rider (1, 2) 

One thing seems to be quite clear, as we compare this 
white horse and its rider, and that horse and rider which 
appear in Revelation 19:11-16 — and that is — they 
definitely are not the same. Only one person could meet 
the description of the rider in chapter 19 and that is the 
Lord Jesus Christ Himself. Here in chapter six, the de- 
scription presented is not that of Christ but rather, that 
of war — personification as a rider on a white horse. The 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist 

other symbolisms mentioned in verse 2 seem to substan- 
tiate this conclusion. 

The horse, perhap. best symbolizes open warfare and 
conquest i note the words "and he went forth conquering 
and to conquer"). In the time of John's writing, horses 
were a very common form of warfare (especially by the 
Parthiansi and a white horse was an Oriental symbol for 
\ictorious conquest. The mention of a bow in the hand of 
this rider seems to suggest potential military might and 
Ijower. The omission of any reference to arrows may im- 
I)ly that there will be a brief period of false peace — 
|;erhaps in the form of a "cold war" or a temporary 
respite offered by some individual (Antichrist) or political 
power. The Greek word for "crown" (Stephanos) suggests 
the crown of a conqueror, and thus, here may imply a 
peace by forced rule. 

Certainly there is nothing new about war (there has 
been \ery few years of genuine peace in the last two 
thousand years). But the events described in chapters 
si.x through nineteen fit best into the time of the tribu- 
lational period and, thus, these imageries need to be 
considered in this light. Our Lord seems to imply, in 
Matthew 24, that as the end of time approaches all 
things will become worse and worse and all forms of dis- 
asters will become intensified in destructive power and 
multiplied in occurence. We need but consider the wars 
of the past century, as well as the increase in occurance 
and destructive power of such natural phenomena as 
"famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes' (see Matt. 
24:7), to realize that we are living in just such a time 
and that the end must not be far off. When we consider 
the awful possibilities of a third World War, with its 
hydrogen bombs and disease carriers, this rider upon the 
white horse seems quite tame in comparison. 

The red horse and its rider (3, 4) 

The second seal, and its opening, reveals a red horse 
and its rider. Both this, and the following two seals, sug- 
gest to us the natural consequences of war. In this sec- 
ond seal, we have suggested civil, national and world- 
wide turmoil and strife — as a natural break-down in 
normal rule and order. 

This seal — and those following — seem to lead up 
to the latter part of the great tribulation (i.e., the sec- 
ond half of the seventieth week, mentioned in Daniel 
9:27), for, the red horse represents a most bloody war- 
fare. The period of false peace — implied by the first 
seal — will ultimately fail, and the world will again turn 
to strife, violence, and bloodshed — but now on a scale 
far more severe than has e\er been known before. 

The visions which are to follow seem to suggest that 
the coming Antichrist will begin his reign as a man of 
comparative peace (cf. the first seal). However, "When 
they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction 
Cometh upon them" (I Thess. 5:3). The cold war will 
become \ery hot indeed, and brother will be at brothers 
throat, ins])ircd by the very spirit of Satan ("and that 
they should kill one another: and there was given unto 
him a great sword"). 

Strauss comments at this point: "All the wars that the 
world has ever known put together will have been mild 
when compared with the world-wide reign of terror and 
slaughter of human lives in that day. . . . Imagine, if 
you can, a world without any peace at all" (Ibid., p. 158). 
As we consider the natural reaction of men in war — 
when the murderers become the national heroes — and 

the affects of such warfare on the populations involved 
( e.g., the genocide methods of Hitler's Germany or the > 
killing of thousands of people at Hiroshema and Naga- 
saki), we cannot help but shudder as we think of what 
it is going to be like when the Restrainer of men, the 
Holy Spirit of God, is no longer on earth, and Satan is 
the leading force and power among men. 

In the light of our own racial unrest, these words from 
J. A. Seiss also seem most appropriate: (commenting on 
the scene from the second seal) "The picture is par- 
ticularly terrific. It presents not only disturbance of the 
kingdom; but internecine collisions, civil wars, the mur- 
derous hate of one portion of citizens e.xercised against 
another portion, and bloody commotions all over the face 
of society, having no issue but wretchedness and depopu- 
lation. It is the rampage of human passion raging to all 
forms of bloodshed, and the authorities of state in \-ain 
drawing the sword to put it down. . . . 

"Fancy a world which has no peace in it — no concord 
but that of lawless and selfish passion — no regard for; 
life when it stands in the way of covetousness or am- 
bition — no amity between its nationalities, or internal 
harmony and toleration between citizens of the same city 
or state — but every man's sword is against his fellow, 
and every one's hand rises up against the hand of his 
neighbor, and international slaughter, civil butchery, and 
Iiri\'ate revenge and murder are the order of the day- 
and you have what the earth will be under the judg- 
ment power of this red horse and his rider. . . . Nor 
need any one be at a loss to see how everything is al- 
ready tending to just such a condition of society and the 
world" (The ApocaljTje, pp. 183, 184). 

The black horse and its rider (5, 6) 

At the opening of the third seal, John beholds "a black 
horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances 
in his hand." Most expositors see in this imagery the 
natural outworking of war in the form of great and ter- 
rible famine. Such famine always follows the waste of 
man-power and the pillaging of land and natural re- 
sources during armed combat. In the light of the great 
tribulation, however, the famine here desci-ibed will take 
on world-wide proportions and result in the starvation 
and death of an innumerable number of people. Already, 
in our time, we are hearing predictions of just such a 
possibility within a very few years — with even our own 
"land of plenty" being so affected. In fact, today there 
are nearly one billion people going to bed hungry every 
night and over 400,000,000 in danger of actual starvation 
and death. 

Verse 5 mentions this pair of balances (scales), which 
was in the hand of this rider on the black horse. Verso 
6 explains the purpose of this jjair of balances as being 
the weighing out of grain — implying a great scarcity of 
supply. A voice from out of the midst of the four beasts 
is heard crying: "A measure of wheat for a penny 
(denarius), and three measures of barley for a penny: 
and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine." Such a cry 
presents us a picture of great contrast — on the on( 
hand, great poverty — and on the other, great luxur\ 
and wealth. 

The price for a day's supply of wheat was that of ai 
entire day's wage. This means that a man would have 
to work all day just to ha\e enough food to take car( 
of his own needs — with nothing to spare for his fam- 
ily. If he chose the more common and less e.\pensi\i 

laiiuarv :>(}. I!)(i8 

Page Thirteen 

aarley, he could feed himself and two others — but still 
would ha\-e absolutely nothing left over for his other 
leeds and those of his family. This symbolizes for us ex- 
treme poverty and frustration of mind. Such needs to be 
compared with the further symbolism of the oil and the 
,vine (6b). This implies that there will be those enjoying 
jreat luxury and pleasure while those around them are 
ictually starving to death. Perhaps this is presented by 
lohn as a veiling indictment of the custom of the Romans 
md Jews which provided much land for vineyards and 
;ardens but at the expense of other food production. 
^Iso, such is an indictment of the universal spirit of self- 
shness, so prevalent in our world, where the rich grow 
■icher and the poor grow poorer. Such a condition is a 
najor cause of much of today's world-unrest — and such 
las often provided a major propaganda weapon for the 
Communists. The very condition of our world today^as 
veU as the prevalence of this spirit of selfishness and 
inconcern for the poor and needy — is setting the stage 
or just such conditions as here prophesied by the imagery 
if the black horse and its rider. 

William Barclay speaks most pointedly in this regard 
ihen he writes, concerning this opening of the third seal : 
So, then, this is a picture of famine, and of famine in a 
ituation in which luxury was still possible. There is al- 
i-ays something terribly and radically wrong with a situ- 
tion in which some have too much and others too little, 

situation in which some live in luxury and others in 
enury. Such a situation is always a sign that the society 

I which it occurs is hartening to its end and to its ruin. 
Vhenever those who have, lose their sense of responsi- 
ility for those who have not, disaster is near. . . . 

The tragedy of life has nearly always been that nature 
reduces enough, and more than enough, but that there 
re so many people to whom that abundance never comes, 
t has seldom been the supply of life's essentials which 
as been insufficient: it has often been the distribution 
f them which has been selfish and unjust and unfair. It 
! as if John was symbolically indicating that nature her- 
elf protests, when the gifts she offers are used selfishly 
nd irresponsibly and when they are used for the luxury 
f the few at the expense of the welfare of the many, 
'he very structure of the earth protests against the ut- 
ir selfishness of a luxury-loving and irresponsible minor- 
;y" (The Revelation of John, Vol. 2, p. 10). 

'he pale horse and its rider (7, 8) 

The opening of the fourth seal brings before John the 
ght of a pale horse and its rider. John tells us that "his 
ame that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with 
im." Here, then, we see the end result of war, strife 
nd famine — death and the grave (hades, translated 
Hell" in the KJV). As we have already noted, there 
ave been terrible wars, strifes and famines throughout 

II history, but none can even begin to compare with 
lese events of the coming great tribulation, symbolized 
>r us in these seals. The fury of such a time is further 
spicted for us here, in verse 8, by the description of its 
idespread effects, killing one-fourth of all the earth's 
jpulation. The method whereby such tragedy takes 
ace is also mentioned in this verse: "with sword, and 
ith hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the 
irth ("beasts" meaning "wild beasts, rats and other 
)dents, etc."— and by-products of the ravages of war), 
ertainly, in the light of modern-day weapons, including 
sease-infested carriers, the mention of merely one 

fourth of the population succumbing to such conditions 
seems a most conservative estimate! 

It might be well for us to note that the Revised Ver- 
sion translates "death" to mean "pestilence," which in 
itself denotes any deadly infectious malady. Strauss ob- 
serves that: "this is the order outlined by Christ when 
He said, 'Take heed that no man deceive you. ... Ye shall 
hear of wars. . . . There shall be famines and pestilences' 
(Matt. 24:4, 6, 7)" (Strauss, op. cit., p. 161). 

We need also to note that, although this is to be a 
most terrible period of suffering, pain and death, it is 
not the time of final and total destruction — only one- 
fourth of the earth's population is to succumb. This is one 
important reason why this author believes these events 
depicted by the first four seals, may begin during the 
first part of the great tribulation era, rather than during 
the latter part. This does not mean, however, that the 
first half of the tribulation will be of a different nature 
than the second half. Rather, it seams that these events 
— terribly destructive in scope — are yet limited in design 
and will be used of God to usher in even greater suffer- 
ing and destruction. 

In conclusion 

As we have already noted, John's vision of the terrible 
consequences of war, strife, famine and pestilence upon 
the world, has found fulfillment — to some degree — in 
every period of history from Cain up to the very present. 
Such consequences are the direct result of the Fall of 
Adam in the garden of Eden— which brought man into 
open warfare both with his God and with his fellow men. 

God's Word, however, implies that such a warfare will 
continue to get worse and worse until we find the world 
in a situation comparable to the events symbolized here in 
John's vision of the seven seals. Our Lord sums up this 
terrible situation in these words, recorded in Matthew 
24:21: "For then shall be great tribulation, such as was 
not since the beginning of the world to this time, no 
nor ever shall be." It is such a time as this that the true 
Church of Christ is ever preiiaring herself to escape. Such 
an escape is promised in the Scriptures and shall come in 
the form of the Rapture — an event which will immediate- 
ly precede this great tribulation period. 

As members of the true Church of Christ, we do not 
need to look forward to the future with fear and trepida- 
tion. The Lamb, who was slain, has all things under con- 
trol—His control! It is He Who fashions the lives and 
the destines of men and nations. In Him we can look 
up in constant assurance and hope — and keen anticipa- 
tion. He has left us this most encouraging word: "And 
when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, 
and lift up your heads: for your redemption draweth 
nigh" (Luke 21:28). 

Surely our redemption is drawing nigh — redemption 
from this old sin-cursed and war-weary world with all of 
its strife and suffering. These words of the Apostle John 
come to us — not only at a warning of impending judg- 
ment and doom — but even more — as the saint's sign-post, 
ever pointing us to His most imminant return! 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist i 


DURING THE PAST FEW YEARS a new concept has 
sprung up in our country. Senior Citizens, not 
necessarily witliout resources, have felt the need of a 
retirement home. They desire a home where they would 
be assured of love, care, and Christian fellowship. Even 
with ample funds, many find it almost impossible to 
secure help in sickness, or e\'en companionship when 
left alone. 

The Brethren's Home Board has seen this changing 
concept, and has built the new Home to meet these 
changing needs. We will minister to both those who have 
ample resources, and to those who do not have sufficient 
funds to pay for their own care. Our new Home gives 
the needed nursing rooms and more adequate facilities. 

A broadened and deepened knowledge of medical sci- 
ence has increased the life e.xpectancy of each of us. 
Over twenty years has been added to the lifespan since 
1900. This means that we have more than twice as 
many people who are over 65 years as we had in 1930. 
The longevity of life is increasing with each new medical 
discovery. In 1930 there were 6,500,000 people over 65 
years. Today there are 15,000,000. By 1980 the number 
will reach 22,000,000. 

History has nothing to compare with our present situ- 
ation. Consequently, the number of persons who con- 
front the problems of old age is multiplying. 

Housing for the aged, in which The Brethren's Home 
Board is deeply involved, has become a national problem. 
The Honourable Joseph Clark, chairman of a subcom- 
mittee of the U. S. Senate, said in a report of August 
31, 1962, "The aged and aging differ widely in their 
needs and leisures. Some prefer to live in project or 
retirement colonies, confined to their own age group; 
while others prefer to live in close proximity to younger 
families. Some prefer apartment living; others are not 
satisfied without a separate house and lawn or garden ' 
to care for. Some want to live downtown with ready 
access to community activities and services; while others 
prefer to live on the edge of town or in the suburbs." 
Our Home in Flora is striving to meet the needs of ouri. 
Brethren people, who are desirous of the comforts andi 
convenience of a Home like ours. , 

Our government has established a loan program for, 
those interested in housing for the aged. The Brethren's 
Home Board will be able to use this program in plan- 
ning future Brethren Homes in other districts. You can 
study your community and its needs to see if a Breth- 
ren's Retirement Home could be located in your area. 
Housing for the aged is a necessity, and part of the re- 
sponsibility lies with the Brethren people. Feel free to 
contact the Brethren's Home Board with your inquiries 
and requests for help. 


The Brethren's Home 


ALONG STANDING DREAM of the Benevolent 
Board and the Brethren Church has come true; 
our new Home in Flora, Indiana is a reality. Soon the 
residents will be moving into their new Home with fa- 
cilities among the best in Indiana and the nation. We 
can be proud of what we have accomplished — but what 
now? It would be most easy for us to rest on our laurels. 
We might be tempted to say, "Well, we have this Home 
built and won't have to worry about another Home for 
forty-five more years." This could be the attitude of 
some, but I hope not. 

Let's not stop here! Even with the skeptics we've 
proven it can be done, though we are a "small" denom- 
ination! Of cooirse we could say, "We still only have 
one home, and that's in Indiana; what about the people 
who want to retire in a Brethren Home but li\-e in 
Pennsylvania or Virginia or some other district? Why 
should they give up their families, their friends and 
familiar surroundings and move to Indiana? This does 
pose an interesting problem and is a valid question. 

There is an answer, I believe, that can benefit the 
Brethren Church and be a means of extending ou» 
mission of service to other people and areas. For some, 
time the board has been talking of building Homes ii 
different areas of the United States. Why shouldn't wt 
make it possible for Brethren people to retire nearei 
their home surroundings? 

We believe a self-contained Home such as we ha\e ii 
Flora would be economically feasible in other areas o 
the countiy. The bulk of support for the Flora Horn 
has come from Indiana people, as it should be since the; 
are the ones who benefit most from it. I know there ar 
Brethren in other districts who would support a Horn 
in their area if one would be located near them. Th 
Benevolent Board would like to hear from you conceri 
ing your feelings about a future expansion program int 
other districts, especially the eastern part of the Unite 
States. Please send your comments to our Board Pres 
dent, Mr. Dorman Ronk in Ashland, Ohio. Talk thi 
o\-er in your homes and chui-ches. Pray much about th 
program of your Benevolent Board. 

miuary 20, 1968 

Page Fifteen 



"^UR DAYS ARE SO BUSY and filled with the duties 
J and demands of life, fellowship is almost a for- 
itten enjoyment of our lives. Time was when evenings 
: home with neighbors and friends gathered together 
lied our homes with warm friendships and lasting mem- 

Not so today. We mistakingly think that fellowship 
' the saints is confined to the church walls of our 
vn congregations, where much of our time is used to 
orify God in our own circumference of living. 

When the opportunity has afforded itself, I have found 
) greater joy and abiding satisfaction than visiting our 
rethren Home, where saints of God are living out their 
'maining years. 

The cares of life for them are over. Their families 
•e grown and no longer demand mother and father as 
lardians of their destinies. Their bodies are frail, weak 
id worn. But there is a wonderful pleasure to look into 
le faces of God's saints and see the love of God there, 
have heard many give their testimony of God's good- 
;ss toward them; even though each has had much ill- 
jss, sorrow and dissappointment., they are still prais- 
ig God. We fail to do this with good health! 

One dear lady shared her life story with me and how 
luch it duplicated the ups and downs in my own life, 
took new hope and felt lifted to know that God had 
.essed and caused victory in this life, why should I 
>ubt that His love was big enough to reach even me. 

One fall meeting of our missionary society is plan- 
id to be shared with the saints at the Home. We take 
ir favorite filled dish with us eating with them at 
pon. Around the table we are able to fellowship, re- 
'inding me of the great feast being prepared for His 

ints in glory when we are all gathered home to be 

with Him. Much conversation dwells on the past, how 
God has blessed them, and then a glowing look comes 
on their faces when we talk of heaven and home. 

In the remaining hours of the afternoon we present 
our missionary program, which they listen to so pa- 
tiently. Many societies in the Flora area do similiar 
programs and I'm sure they are repetitious, but they 
drink in the Living Word as we, being led by the Spirit, 
give the message by word, prayer and song. 

Luke 24:15 recalls the account of two walking a road, 
talking and reasoning together, Jesus Himself drawing 
near. What a wonderful thought to know that in Chris- 
tian fellowship, Jesus draws near, uniting our thoughts 
and minds in tune with God. 

Fellowship within the local Christian Church or in 
The Church has been from the beginning. From Pente- 
cost "they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine 
and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers" 
(Acts 2:42). This is speaking of a heavenly love which 
fills the hearts of believers one for another and for God. 
This fellowship is deeper and much more satisfying than 
any mere human love whether social, parental, conjugal 
or other. 

The residents of the Home have served their years 
in their local churches as pastor's, pastor's wives, lay- 
men, or laywomen, now awaiting His corning and the 
consummation of time when The Church shall be joined 
with its Redeemer Christ Jesus. We should all be look- 
ing forward, diligently serving, to this day of fellow- 
ship with the saints. 

To brighten the days of those who have served is a 
joy unspeakable. Each who have the opportunity to go 
and visit the Home should do so and receive God's 
blessing for you by taking time to fellowship. 

J»* I'-t-Sry-* . . ^-*- «W 






■^^-' -^t' 

Page Sixlfeii 

The Brethren Kvangclis 



TT HAS BEEN EXCITING to observe the building pro- 
gress of the new Brethren's Home. From the ground- 
breaking on June 11, 1967, to the present date, the in- 
terest has been felt over the Brotherhood. How much 
more exciting to be a resident in the present Home, and 
eagerly watch the activity of each day, and patiently — 
or impatiently — wait for moving day! 

Through the hot and dry days of last summer, when 
windows had to be closed to keep dust out, through the 
fair and sunny days when work was quickly and effici- 
ently done, through the fall rains when work slowed 
and stopped, and even the bull-dozers were stuck in 
the mud, to the day when the snow fell and the accum- 
ulating ice and snow delayed the completion of the roof, 
to the day when the furnace was turned on and heat 
was felt, the residents have been "Sidewalk Superin- 

Dedication of The Home is scheduled for May 5, 1968, 
but the date for occupancy has not been set because of 
the delays in construction. The completion of the roof 
and then the finish interior work remain. Orus Eash, 
the architect from Fort Wayne, Indiana, has designed 
a beautiful, brick, functional Home; and Bert Shrock, 
the Superintendent from Millersburg, and the sub-con- 
tractors from Flora and vicinity have excelled in con- 
structing a sound building. 

Each resident's room is 12 x 16 feet, and will havi 
the outside wall of plate glass. This span is twelve fee 
wide, coming to within twenty-eight inches of the floon 
This allows good \dewing of God's beauty from one's eas.i 
chair. Under the window is the built-in unit of drawer 
and shelves, and heating and cooling unit with a formicf 
top. In addition to this, each room is carpeted and sell ■ 
contained, including a tile lavatory and shower area 
television and telephone outlets, call system, and hea 
and air-conditioning control. 

The dining room will be equipped with a cafeteria 
serving line and small tables. This room will also ser\' 
as an activity room where crafts, hobbies, and game ir 
terests can be pursued. The large living-room will ha\' 
a television for residents and guests, too. 

Because of these facilities, do you wonder about entei 
ing The Home? Several weeks ago, all the rooms wen 
filled by those who are anxious to move in, and a wait 
ing list has been started. Anyone who is nearing retir£ 
ment age is encouraged to consider The Brethren's Homr 
and to apply for residency. Brethren members are oi 
the priority list, but The Home can always be filled b; 
those who are not Brethren. 

In addition to the rooms in the new Home are th- 
four brick apartments for couples. These are close l 
the main buildings, and residents there could eat in th 
main dining room with the other residents. The apart 


Iiiiiuar.v 20, l'J()8 


It Board 

Page Seveuleeii 

iients have a kitchenette, however, for a snack or late 
iup of tea. 

Plans for using the present, old structure are indefin- 
te, but rooms may be available for o\'er-night guests 
It The Home, in addition to those who may want to live 
it The Home for short-terms — perhaps someone who 
s trying out The Home on a trial basis. Details for this 
A'ill be worked out when the building is vacated, al- 
though we know the building cannot be used for nursing 
?are or bed-ridden residents. 

The encouragement and support of the Brethren de- 
nomination have been gratifying. You may be happy to 
nave helped with the progress of The Brethren's Home. 
rhe annual offering received in February, the Food for 
the Faithful, many projects and gifts throughout the 
^ear plus the generous Christmas gifts, correspondence 
and greetings are items of material support. To these 
!idd your visits and programs, then prayers and thoughts, 
'md you can see why the Brethren's Home is prospering. 
The Brethren care. 

The financial program for the new building is arranged 
Uirough the Bright National Bank of Flora and the 
Mutual Life Insurance Company of Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
Long-term loans from these two Corporations are 
660,000 and $110,000 respectively, and supplement the 
short-term loans from the Brethren, which totalled 
580,000. This indication of your support was most en- 
couraging. The short-term loans will be paid off on a 

three-to-five year plan, althougli it might be necessai-y 
for an extension of a few of these notes. Approximately 
$25,000 have been received as direct gifts to the building 
program. This includes the two-year project offering 
and interest from the National Women's Missionai-y 
Society. Some residents have paid in advance for their 
care in The Home. This amount is $35,000. The loans, 
gifts, and prepaid contracts total $310,000 — the estima- 
ted cost of The Home. 

In recent years the Benevolent Board has established 
an annuity plan, which provides another opportunity for 
sharing in this work. An Annuity Bond enables you to 
give of your money and to receive interest as income 
for the rest of your life. Complete details are available 
from the President, and will be forth-coming in a new 

Because The Benevolent Board has entered into this 
e.Kpanded program, it is necessary for the support to be 
expanded also. This year pay-checks are larger, pleas 
and requests for donations and contributions are more 
numerous, and the desire to give should be much great- 
er. We urge you to support your Brethren concerns; and 
at this particular time, we invite your genei-ous support 
for The Brethren's Home. As you make your commit- 
ment, we pray that you will give as the Lord has pros- 
pered you. 

Share with others who care. 

Pajfc Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist i^ 



ONCE AGAIN it is a privilege foi- me to write this 
article for The Brethren's Home issue of The 
Brethren Evangelist. 

As many of you who are members of The Brethren 
Church Icnow, the much tall<ed about new Brethren's 
Home at Flora, Indiana, begins to be a reality. Most of 
the board meetings this year centered on the planning 
of the building with the architect and laying of the 
ground work before construction work could begin. In 
the search for a pei-son to supervise the building project 
the board was directed to Mr. Albert Schroch of Middle- 
bury, Indiana, who has a vast knowledge in this type 
of work and has done a fine job in securing materials 
and receiving bids for the work done. 

On June 10, 1967, at 3 p.m. Indiana time, many people 
from The Brethren Churches in that community and 
representatives of the city of Flora, Indiana, gathered 
at the Home for the official ground breaking, even 
though work had already started. Work progressed rath- 
er rapidly until fall weather made adverse conditions 
which has delayed the completion date until the early 
part of 1968. 

I have had the opportunity to visit The Church of The 
Brethren Home in my community since a friend of mine 
has been admitted there. I have become more inspired 
to see our Brethren's Home completed and dedicated to i 
God. j 

This task before us is not only the responsibility of! 
the eleven members of The Brethren's Home and Ben-i 
evolent Board but everyone who has received the Son i 
of God as their personal Savior and become a member 
of His body, the church. We of the Brethren's Home 
Board must praise God for the support the Brethren 
iseople have given us in the loaning of funds for thisi 
Home and know that you will pray for us as we continue . 
to purchase the necessary furnishings to complete the^ 
building. Your support of The Benevolent Offering isi 
needed that we will be able to meet the financial obli- 
gation we have entered into. I do not know what the 
other writers of articles for this issue of The Brethren 
Evangelist will have on their hearts, but if theirs is any 
overlapping it will be coincidental for I have written that 
which is a concern to me and hope it will be of interest 
to everyone else. 



As PASTOR of the First Brethren Chui-ch in Flora, 
Indian, I would like to say a few words of what, 
in my opinion, the Brethren's Home means to this com- 

In the first place, it is a financial asset to the com- 
munity. The Home employs a number of people for its 
operation and maintenance which are pulled from this 
area. The Home also buys its supplies from the local 
merchants. The money spent in the \-arious businesses 
for food, drugs and doctors is no small item and adds 
much to the economy of this small community. 

The townspeople realize this and have been most kind 
and helpful in this new venture of faith in building a 
new Home. They have extended the facilities of the town 
out to the Home by putting in water £md sewage lines 
beyond the corporation limit which will enable the Home 
to meet the demands of the state for health regulations, 
as well as fire prevention at a much lower cost than if 
they had to furnish and maintain their own. In this 
way the town has shown much consideration and deserve 
the thanks of the Brethren people. 

But above all of this, even though material benefits 
speak loudly, there is another fact that speaks louder 
still. That is the testimony the Home bears to the com- 

It tells the community the Brethren care. They care 
for those who have served in the church long and faith- 

fully. Brethren have a responsibility to these faithful 
members who are in need of a place to spend their de^ 
dining years, and in this way are accepting the respon- 
sibility. It tells the community that these people are 
not cast off and forgotten. That wo as Brethren appreci- 
ate the contribution they have made to the cause ofi 
our Lord. 

Now as the new building is progressing and taking 
shape, it speaks even louder. The Brethren are not 
letting down. They care enough to continue a worth) 
work in the face of inflated building costs. They an 
willing to give of their material wealth to accept thi 
responsibility that is theirs in a much greater wa\ 
than ever before. 

As a pastor, the people in the Home have meant muci 
to me ijersonally. Many times one's efforts go unnoticei 
and unappreciated, but not to those at the Home. Thc\ 
are most appreciative of even the smallest fa\'ors ant 
show it by their actions and sjieech. Needless to say. thi^ 
means much to me. I am certain those who have beei 
fortunate to visit the Home have been impressed by thi: 
also. May God richly bless each one. 

Tliis all adds up to a better comm^unity and to a last 
ing testimony of the Brethren Church. May it alway 
be said of us as it was of the brethren in the earl; 
chm-ch, "Behold, how they love one another." 

nuary 30, 1968 

Page Nineteen 

as seen by a new member 


V S A NEW MEMBER of the Benevolent Board, I 
■\ have more appreciation for the work of the board 
id the members of the Home staff; more than I ever 
id before the close contact which comes from being 
member of the board. 

To most of us the Brethren's Home is a name we hear 
W.M.S. and at offering time, unless we have a partic- 
ar interest such as a family member or church friend 
nng at the Home. Of course with our Ashland neigh- 
)rs (Livingstons) being in charge, we have more interest 
>w than just the interest coming from being a board 

In seeing the Home through the eyes of a new mem- 
>r and not being able to compare it to the past, I feel 
!at we as Brethren do not need to worry that our 
oney is being spent unwisely. The board and adminis- 
ation work very closely, and the decisions are made 
r many. 

By seeing the Home, itself, I decided that we have 
)t started too soon to prepare something better for 
u- elderly people. Everything at present is very old 
id dark, and one can't help feel the days would be a 
:tle long and gloomy for the folks. But even with the 
istacles I felt that everything was clean and well 

We as Brethren have given the folks there something 
' help cheer their days. The construction of the new 
lilding is of constant interest to them; as well as help- 

ing them to think of how much more pleasant the new 
Home will be. 

I know our denomination needs money for many 
things, but I think if we each do our part to help a 
little in every project, then e\'ery project can be com- 
pleted. The new building at the Home was begun with 
the belief that there is money for all our needs if we 
all contribute. 

We must all remember however, that after the build- 
ing is completed we will need to continue giving to care 
for everyday needs. As more of us look forward to mov- 
ing to the Home, we will then be thankful that we con- 
tributed to its care today. 

Speaking of contributions, you will remember seeing 
the list of things suggested for projects for the W.M.S. , 
Laymen's organization, and youth groups; the list was 
printed in the November 25, 1967, issue of The Brethren 
Evangelist. Such project giving should be above your 
regular Benevolent Board gifts. 

As a new member I can see where the board could 
become very discouraged when the job it has been given 
to do is not supported by the people of the denomina- 
tion — financially and other ways. At the moment the 
board is very encouraged because there is interest in 
the work and the progress of the Home. 

Do your own encouraging of the board and at the same 
time help the Brethren's Home by making your contri- 
bution to the offering a generous one. Do a little extra 
this time. 

in the work — 


HHE BRETHREN'S HOME is rapidly becoming visible 
I evidence of answered prayers as completion is made 
|i the new building and dedication day draws near. 
ruly a day of rejoicing! 

' Members and friends of The Woman's Missionary 
jxiiety are keenly interested in the people and facilities 
the Home, expressing their concern by their gifts, 
|sits and prayers. A monetary gift is sent annually 
om The National W.M.S. budget for expenses, plus a 
ro-year Project Offering which totaled $20,115 for the 
w building fund. Through the years, goals for the 
?eds of the Home have been made and met in local, 
strict and national levels. Perhaps we have not always 

done all that wo could, but we know the Lord has 
blessed, abundantly, our every effort. Our interest and 
concern will continue. 

We are especially grateful to the members of the 
Benevolent Board and all others who serve faithfully 
and diligently by planning and working to bring to re- 
ality a Brethren's Home that will be both a tribute to 
God and to His ijeople. 

May our prayers continue, our faith strengthen, our 
enthusiasm increase and our gratitude be accepted by 
those who've labored in love and by the One who loves 
us all. 

Page Twenty 

The IJretlireii E\'iiiigclis 

Evening Walks with Jesus 




Text: John 2:1-1 I 



AFTER JESUS' TEMPTATION in the wilderness, he 
returned to the Jordan where he recruited two 
or three disciples — Andrew and his friend (probably 
John) and Peter, Andrew's brother. Then we read in 
John 1:43 that Jesus began the return trip into Galilee. 
"The day following Jesus would go into Galilee, and 
findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me." It is 
very likely that He returned to Galilee by the same route 
that had brought Him south into Judea. Up the east 
side of the Jordan river to a point where He could 
cross into Galilee without going through Samaria, cross- 
ing at the Ford Jabbok. Then up through the Jezreel 
Valley on the Nazareth Road, through Nain, past Mt. 
Tabor and into Nazareth, His home town. 

On the way to Galilee He met Philip, who became 
one of His disciples. The place of the meeting is not 
given, but Philip was also of Galilee being from Beth- 
saida. Then as they journey on, Philip brought another 
man by the name of Nathanael to meet Jesus and he 
also becomes a follower of the Lord. Nathanael was 
from Cana in Galilee. 

Now three days later, probably referring to three 
days after His arrival in Nazareth, Jesus and His di- 
sciples (probably 5 or 6 in number) received an invita- 
tion to a wedding up in Nathanael's home town of Cana. 
The fact that His disciples were also invited may indi- 
cate that at this early date these men were already 
recognized as followers of Jesus. The one possible altern- 
ative to this would be that Mary, Jesus' mother, know- 
ing that He had recently returned from the revival in 
Judea with these friends, included them in this invita- 
tion. We do know that Jesus' mother was at the 
wedding e\'en before Jesus arri\'ed. We also discover 
that she seems to ha\e had some responsibilities for the 
affair. This may indicate that this was a wedding of one 
of Jesus' relatives. It appears that Jesus' half-brothers 

and sisters were also present for in John 2:12 when w 
read that Jesus went down to Capei-naum, His brethrei 
as well as His mother, accompany Him. 

Cana was located about 5 miles NNE of Nazarct 
in the mountains of Galilee. J. W. Shepard says "Can 
was located on a hill looking north and west on th 
plain of Barlauf and south upon a valley and it wa 
probably located on the road to Capernaum. Today i 
is a delapidated village with vei-y few inhabitants." Th 
fact that Cana was located in the hill countiy seems t 
be substantiated by John 2:12, "After this he wer 
down to Capei-naum. . . ." 

The marriage feast among the Jews was an occasio 
of great joy and festivity but also of serious impor 
Most families observed a period of fasting before th: 
wedding day. The engagement of the couple usucdl' 
lasted about one year and this engagement was consi( 
ered very sacred and binding — as binding as the ceri 
mony itself. On the eve of the marriage the bride w& 
led from her home to that of her husband, accompanie 
by music and led by the friends of the bridegroom carr; 
ing torches and flowers. The veiled bride was led to he 
groom, the marriage service performed and the leg! 
documents were signed. After all this the marriaf 
feast began and lasted usually from three to seven day 

Jesus and His disciples travelled north from Nazaret 
to Cana, a trip of not more than two hours. SometilT 
after arriving at the wedding, Jesus' mother inforn 
Him that the wine is all gone. It would seem that si 
expected Him to do something about it, for a little latf 
she tells the servants to do what ever He might sugges 
Now it is entirely possible that Jesus' mother may ha^ 
been expecting Him to use supernatural powers. If v 
remember, Mary had stored many things up in her hea ' 
through the years concerning this eldest Son. The ang 
visitation — the miraculous conception — the visit of tl 

nuary 20, 1968 

Page Twenty-one 

epherds and the wise men — the strange events in the 
mplo when He was 12 years of age. Now the incidents 
rroLinding His baptism, about which He must have told 
:r — the Holy Spirit — the Voice of God — the testi- 
ony of John the Baptist, who called Him "the Lamb 
God." She might have indeed e.xpected Him to reveal 
imself as the Messiah! Jesus reply to her was: "Mine 
lur is not. yet come." If we trace this phrase "Mine 
lur" through the Gospel of John where it appears about 
times, we will find that Jesus was referring to the 
ne when He would accomplish man's redemption by 
is death and resurrection. So Jesus was telling His 
other it was not yet time to reveal Himself as the 
essiah. In spite of the fact that Jesus' hour had not 
t come, He does perform the first of His many mir- 
les. Let us look for a few moments as this miracle. 
In reading attcntatively John 2:6-11, we see first of 
1 the reality of the miracle. Real water was poured 
to the pots by the attendants — about 120 gallons of 
iter. Real wine was taken out and sei-ved to the 
ivernor of the feast. How could you fool a man like 
is? He would know tlie difference between water and 
ine! He would know good wine when he tasted it! 
le testimony of the governor is real proof that the 
iter indeed became wine — good wine! Better wine 
an they had had before! 

As we continue to read we also see the reason for the 
iracle. John's Gospel points out very clearly that the 
irpose of Jesus in this miracle wa.s not merely to meet 
e embarassing need of the wedding feast, but by it He 
ade plain His glory — the glory of the only begotten 
)n of God. And I am reminded that in John 20:31 we 
ad: "These are written (the Gospel record of John), 

that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son 
of God; and that believing ye might have life through 
his name." 

Then we also see the result of this miracle. First, the 
need of the wedding feast was met, but far more signifi- 
cant, this was another witness to the divine Sonship of 
Jesus! At His baptism, we had met the watness of man 
in John the Baptist; the silent witness, Jesus himself; 
the witness of the Holy Spirit and the witness of the 
Father in heaven. The witness to His Sonship which 
we meet now is the supernatural power to perform mir- 
acles. Satan had implied that if He was indeed the Son 
of God, He had this power — "Turn this stone into 
bread." Jesus had refused because the motive would 
have been wrong, but now He demonstrates that He 
does possess this power which Satan said would prove 
that He was the Son of God! And the final result re- 
corded is that the disciples believed on Him. That is, 
their faith in Him was confirmed. As we take these 
evening walks with Jesus, it is my prayer that our faith 
in Him might be confirmed and that we might rejoice 
in God our Saviour! 

In this day of many doubting Thomases, we see this 
miracle in Cana of Galilee as another witness to the 
Divinity of Jesus Christ! 

All this is possible because Jesus was invited to a 
wedding. Jesus should be invited to all our weddings! 
He should be invited into every marriage relationship — 
into the everyday life of our homes, and not just to the 
ceremony and celebration. Only those who have done 
so can know the miraculous joy and blessing of a Chris- 
tian marriage and a Christian home! 



Y 7HEN INFORMED that this period of Bible Study 
(\ would be allotted to me one subject seemed to 
press itself upon my mind and refused to be replaced, 
was "The Person and Office of the Holy Spirit." Just 
ly, it is not possible for me to say. 
In looking over the minutes of past conferences it was 
and that there have been three addresses concerning 
Holy Spirit and His ministry in the past fifteen 
ars. Two in 1920 were given by Dr. J. Allen Miller, 
follows: "The Advent of the Spirit," and "The Wit- 
ss of the Spirit." Then in 1923 Alva J. McClain spoke 
im the subject, "The Threefold 'Work of the Holy 
irit in the World." After discovering that it had been 
/en years since this Third Person of the Trinity had 
:eived any particular attention it seemed fitting that 

should follow what seemed to be a definite leading. 
Doubtless there are few if any of us here tonight who 
ve not at some time entered into the singing of one 
both of the following: 

"Praise God from whom all blessings flow, 

Praise him all creatures here below. 

Praise him above, ye heavenly hosts. 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." 
As we sing that, if we do it with the understanding, 
we give the Holy Spirit His rightful place as one with 
and equal with the Father and the Son. How many of 
us do consciously do that? I believe we all do, when we 
really think about it. 

Yet we remember \ery distinctly some of the Bible 
chats we have had with some Brethren, in past ex- 
periences, Brethren who could not somehow come to 
grasp the thought of the Personality of the Holy Spirit. 
Yet those same persons would sing with all their might: 

"Glory be to the Father, 

And to the Son, 

And to the Holy Ghost, 

As it was in the beginning. 

Is now. 

And ever shall be. 

World without end. Amen, Amen." 
They never seemed to realize that they were ascribing 
the same attributes of personality to the Holy Spirit 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 

as they were to the Son. Personally we felt that they 
were missing one of the greatest blessings of the present 
age: namnely, the acceptance, realization and fellowship 
of the personal Holy Spirit. 

This is to be a Bible Study, so to our Bible to see 
what it has to say to us. Let us not confuse personality 
with corporeity. The matter of body is not the thing 
in mind as we study now. 

I. All the distinctive characteristics of personality are 
ascribed to the Holy Sjdrit in the Bible. 

What are these characteristics, or marks of person- 
ality? They are knowledge, feeling, and will. We are in- 
formed that any entity that thinks and feels and wills 
is a person. All of these characteristics are frequently 
ascribed to the Holy Spirit in both the Old and New 
Testaments. We read in I Corinthians 2:10, 11, "But 
God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the 
spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 
For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the 
spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of 
God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God." Isaiah 
11:2, "And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, 
the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of 
council and might, the Spirit of knowledge and of the 
fear of the Lord"; In these passages knowledge is 
ascribed to the Holy Spirit. 

In I Corinthians 12:11 we read, "But all these worketh 
that one and selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man 
severally as he will." Here we see that will is ascribed 
to the Holy Spirit. 

We read in Romans 8:27, "And he that searcheth the 
hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because 
he maketh intercession for the saints according to the 
will of God." Here mind is ascribed to the Holy Spirit. 

Let us look at Romans 15:30, "Now I beseech you, 
brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the 
love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in 
your prayers to God for me"; and we note that "love" 
is ascribed to the Holy Spirit. It would be well, were 
there time, to stop and ponder deeply those words, "the 
love of the Spirit." Do we often think of this? We know 
that love is one of the deepest of all our feelings. 

Let us note Nehemiah 9:20, "Thou gavest also thy 
good Spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy 
manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for 
their thirst," where both intelligence and goodness are 
ascribed to the Holy Spirit. 

Then one of the tenderest of all the passages referring 
to the personality of the Holy Spirit, Ephesians 4:30, 
"And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are 
sealed unto the day of redemption." Here grief is ascrib- 
ed to the Holy Spirit. Knowledge, feeling and will are 
the characteristics of personality as we are continually 
told. These are all ascribed to the Holy Spirit even as 
they are of the Father and the Son. Why then should 
we not come to know Him as a person and enter into a 
personal fellowship with Him? It will make all the diff- 
erence between worshipping a blind force, or power, and 
that of worshipping a being — a blessed Divine Being. 

II. Acts which are peculiar to a person are ascribed to 
the Holy Spirit. 

If the Holy Spirit is not a person even as is the Son 

of God, then many passages of Scripture are hard to 

I Corinthians 2:10, "But God hath revealed them unto 
us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yet 
the deep things of God." The Holy Spirit is here set 
forth as the Person who searches out the deep things 
of God and reveals them to us. Not as an illumination 
of us — but as one who does the searching out and 
personally reveals to us what He has found, is He here 
set forth. 

We read in Revelation 2:7, "He that hath ears to hear, 
let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; 
To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree ol 
life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God." Here 
the Spirit speaks and only a person can speak. He prom- 
ises to give this mar\'elous blessing to eat of the tree o) 
life, to the o\ercomer. Ah! yes. He as the third Persor 
of the Trinity, has the right thus to speak. He can per 
form that whereof He has spoken. 

Galatians 4:6 gives us these words, "And because yt. 
are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Sor 
into your hearts, crying, Abba Father." The Spirit cry 
ing in the heart of the individual. Bearing witness to 
gether with our spirit that we are the sons of God 
(See also Romans 8:16, A.R.V.) 

Again in Romans 8:26, R.V., "And in like manner thi 
Spirit also helpeth our infirmities; for we know not hov 
to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself maketh in 
tercession for us with groanings which cannot be utter 
ed." Doubtless there ha\e been times in your life whei 
you have just felt such a tremendous need that you wep j 
overwhelmed. You had not the words to ask of eithe ] 
God or man. You were in misery. No way seemei 
open to you. Just when you thought you could bear ui 
no longer relief came. You scarcely could believe i 
possible even when you knew it to be a fact. Fron 
whence came this? The blessed Spirit knew, understooc'' 
interceded in and for you, even when you could not' 
What a blessed thought of His intercession for us ani 
then to remember that there is yet another, the Blesse^i 
Lord Jesus who, too, is interceding for us at God's righ 
hand. (See Heb. 7:25 and I John 2:1.) 

There is another group of passages, of which Joh 
16:7-15 is an example, which impress me very strong]} 
This statement of the Lord Jesus to His disciples, "Ne> 
ertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for yo 
that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforte 
will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will sen 
him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove th 
world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: i 
sin, because they believe not on me; of righteousnes 
because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; i 
judgment, because the prince of this world is judge 
I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye canri' 
bear them now. Howbeit, when he, the Spirit of trut 
is come he will guide you into all truth: for he sh:; 
not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, th; 
shall he speak: and he will show you things to com 
He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, ar 
shall show it unto you." Twelve times the person 
pronouns, he, him, himself, are used. The use of sui 
words by our Lord impresses me. Certainly He kne 
We would scarcely accuse the Lord Jesus of using wor 
lightly, or even of personifying a mere influence. B 
there is another truth here that we should look at no' 

ranuary 20, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 

[II. Our Lord predicates an office to the Holy Spirit, 
that can only be predicated of a person. 

Our Savior says in John 14:16, 17, "And I will pray 
:lie Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, 
:hat he may abide with you forever; even the Spirit of 
xuth: whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth 
lim not, neither knoweth him; but ye know him; for he 
Iwelleth with you, and shall be in you." And John 16:7, 
'Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for 
rovi that I go away: for if I go not away, the Com- 
'orter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will 
;end him unto you." Here our Lord tells His disciples 
)f His own departure out of the world to go back to 
he Father. He recognized how lonely they would be 
vithout Him. He knew how helpless they would be. How 
mpossible it would be for Him to expect them in their 
)wn strength to carry on the work. He, therefore, 
)romised them, before He left them, that there was 
mother, as personal as Himself, as Di\-ine as Himself, 
:oming to fellowship with them. To dwell in them. To 
;uide them. In this instruction He hints at the many 
hings this office work will require of the one that is 
o come. 

For the outside world it is that of reproof. John 16:8, 
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, 
ind of righteousness, and of judgment." These matters 
;ertainly are of a very definitely personal character. 
ie is to be very personal in it. 

When conviction has been brought and the individual 
3 ready to accept the Lord Jesus Christ as personal 
iavior and Lord, then something of an entirely different 
ort is necessary. 

This one is now ready for the next official act of the 
loly Spirit. The apostle Paul in Titus 3:5, R.V. writes, 
Not by works done in righteousness, which we did our- 
elves, but according to his mercy he saved us, through 
he washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy 
ihost." In these words we are taught that the Holy 
Spirit renews men, or makes men new, and that through 
his renewing of the Holy Spirit, are we set as children 
f God. Jesus himself taught this same thing in John 
:3-5, where it is written, "Jesus answered and said unto 
lim. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, E.xcept a man be 
lorn again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicode- 
aus said unto him. How can a man be born when he 
3 old? . . . Jesus answered. Verily, verily, I say unto 
hee, except a man be born of water and of the Spriit, 
le cannot enter into the kingdom of God." The Spirit, 
s is plain here, is the agent in the hands of God to 
nake effective this Spiritual birth. 

Next we are taught that He is to take up His abode 
/ithin this one who has been formed anew. I Corin- 
hians 3:15, R.V., "Know ye not that ye are a temple 
f God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?" 
'his passage may not refer so directly to the individual 
eliever as the corporate body of the Church. In I 
Corinthians 6:19, R.V., we read, "Know ye not that your 
ody is a temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, 
/hich ye have from God?" Here it seems quite evident 
hat the body of the individual, regenerated, believer is 
eferred to. In a similar way, the Lord Jesus said to 
lis disciples on the night before His crucifixion, "And 

will pray the Father, and he shall give you another 
"omforter; that he may abide with you forever; even 
he Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, be- 

cause it seeth him not, neither knoweth him; for he 
dwelleth with you and shall be in you" (John 14:16, 17). 
The Holy Spirit dwells in every one who is born again. 
That is a part of His office work. We read in Romans 
8:9, "If any man have not the Spirit of Christ (the Spir- 
it of Christ in this verse does not mean merely a 
Christlike spirit, but is one of the names of the Holy 
Spirit), he is none of his." The Holy Spirit must needs 
cleanse the temple into which He comes to dwell, for it 
is not yet spotlessly clean. 

■ Then there must be a loosing from sin. In Romans 
8:2 we read, "The law of the Spirit of life in Christ 
Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and 
death." Here is the secret of being free from the sin 
which doth so easily beset us. It is not by our own 
strength that we are freed. It is not even by getting 
hold of the Spirit and using Him to free us. It is the 
Holy Spirit by His own will and work, with our sub- 
mission to be sure, who frees us. Note closely the con- 
trasting pictures given us in the book of Romans, chap- 
ter 7, and chapter 8. As we are being loosed from our 
sins we are being changed into the likeness of our Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ by the indwelling Spirit. In 
I John 3:2, R.V., we read, "Beloved, now are we children 
of God, and it is not yet made manifest what we shall 
be. We know that, if he shall be manifested, we shall 
be like him." 

Then we read, Romans 8:14, R.V., "For as many as 
are led of the Spirit of God, these are the sons of God;" 
So as we go along through life as believers, the Holy 
Spirit is to be our guide. Oh! how much we need the 
guidance, momently, of this Infallible Guide. How many 
times we would be spared the pain and heartache of 
later days if we would only await His leading. 

Then we wish to take up just one more phase of the 
office work of the Holy Spirit. It would be impossible, 
as you know, to even get a full outline of all that is 
said concerning the Third Person of the Trinity in the 
time allotted. 

The Lord Jesus has left us the word that The Holy 
Spirit is to be our teacher. He said, "But the Comforter 
which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in 
my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all 
things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said 
unto you" (John 14:26). Though this undoubtedly refers 
lirimarily to the disciples to whom our Lord was speak- 
ing, it certainly is true that even we who live in this 
present day must be taught by the Holy Spirit even the 
rudimentary things of this life, to say nothing about 
the necessity for His teachings in things of the Spir- 

The thing that I covet, and we are told to "covet 
earnestly the best gifts," for myself and all who hear 
my voice is that we shall come to know the person of 
the blessed Holy Spirit. That we shall enter into a 
greater fullness of His fellowship. That we shall know 
in blessed reality the working out of His office work for 
and in us. That we might know the joy of the fruit- 
bearing of the Spirit in us, even as we are told: "The 
fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, 
gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance" (Gal. 
5:22, 23). 

If we shall have aroused you to go home and acquaint 
yourself with this Blessed, Loving, Third Person of the 
Trinity we shall be satisfied. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 




fornia is happy to have been chosen to receive the 
Ten Dollar Club call for January, 1968. The Manteca 
Church is a church that has purposely put aside its own 
building plans in order to help her sister church in 
Stockton. And now that the Manteca Church is ready 
to resume its own building plans, it will receive help 
from others. However, because of the distance to Cali- 
fornia, many of you probably know little about the 
Manteca Church. So, some of its history would be help- 
ful at this point. 

In the early 1900's the Brethren in the Manteca area 
held worship services once a month in the old "Union 
Chapel" building. This building was shared with three 
other denominations, each holding services one Sunday 
per month. Manteca was quite small then; but as the 
town grew, each denomination e.xpanded on its own. 
The Brethren, under Reverend J. W. Piatt, organized 
on September 19, 1920 with more than twenty members. 
They then bought a piece of property from the Veach 
Ranch and on December 6, 1921 the first church building 
was dedicated. After two additions to the building, it has 
remained to this day. 

The city of Manteca has gi-own considerably; and is 
still growing fast. When this writer became pastor of 
the Manteca Church in 1960, the population was 8,000. 
As of March, 1967 the fiopulation was 12,550 and still 
growing. However, the membership of the Brethren 
Church in Manteca has not grown accordingly. This 
is due, as much as anything, to our old facilities. The 
church has realized this need and for the past several 
years has talked about an addition or a new building. 
A building committee was appointed in 1960 to make 
some plans for an addition to the present building. But 
we soon learned that we do not own enough land for 
an adequate addition. The requirements for off-street 
parking meant that we could not remodel, unless we 
Ijought more property. 

Then in January, 1961, the relocation of the Stocktor^ 
Brethren Church became the official district project foi 
the Northern California Brethren Conference. The Man 
teca Church in their next regular business meeting vote( 
to set aside their own building plans in order to help ii 
the district project. And to the credit of the Brethren ii 
Manteca, almost 40 per cent of the money for the distric 
project came fi-om the Manteca Church. 

The building committee continued to do some work 
They talked with neighbors about buying more lane 
adjacent to the church, but the price was too high 
Finally, in 1965 a three acre site on the north edge o 
the city was purchased for the price of $19,000. Anc 
on January 15, 1966 a land dedication service was heli 
on the new site. The property was ours, paid for comj 
pletely, but our building fund was depleted. 

muary 20, 1968 

Page Twenty-five 

The Present Manteca Church 

Our new site is on the north edge of the city of Man- 
teca in a 115-acre development. This development will 
include one other church, Lutheran, 400 custom built 
homes, a Senior Citizen Complex, some offices and a 
20-acre shopping center. To the west of our new prop- 
erty, about 600 feet, is a new high school that began 
classes last September, 1967. And around the new 
high school, there will be another development of about 
200 acres. About one-half mile north of our new site, 
San Joaquin Delat College has purchased land for future 
building of a new Junior College. We feel that the Lord 
has put us in a good spot. 

The church has obtained the services of Mr. William 
DeBoor as architect. Mr. DeBoer did the architectural 
work for the Stockton Church. The design and plans 
he has given us so far are pleasing. And as this is 
printed in The Brethren Evangelist, the Manteca Church 
will hold its business meeting to give approval for the 
finishing of the plans. By the end of February our plans 
for our new church should be complete. 

Over the years the attendance and membership of the 
[anteca Church has gone up and down. A peak would 
reached, but because of crowded conditions and no 
jom to expand, a decline would follow. In the past 
vo years the membership has held steady, but the at- 
mdance has declined. Another peak had been passed. 

At the present time we are using our facilities to the 
jllest. We have thirteen Sunday School classes, but 
iree of them meet in the auditorium. One class meets 
1 the kitchen. Some classes need to be divided. We 
mnot reach the goal of one grade per class because 
lere is not enough room. The Sunday School secre- 
iry's desk is in the hallway because there is no other 
lace for it. 

The attendances for our recent Christmas programs 
jached 140 for both morning and evening. We have 
ad larger attendances in the past, but it meant using 
Ktra chairs in the auditorium. We need something 
igger and in better shape, and with the Lord's help it 
ill come. 

We need to build with the new area. Already the 
other church is being built and about a dozen new 
homes are completed. The new high school is already 
in operation. But it takes money to build. We plan to 
sell our present property, including church and parson- 
age. When we make a sale, the money will go into the 
new buildings, but at the moment, we are waiting for 
the guidance of the Lord in a sale. Because of some 
of these uncertainties, we cannot yet set a date to begin 
construction on our new site. We pray that sometime in 
1968 that happy moment will come for us. 

The First Brethren Church of Manteca, California is 
happy to receive help from the Ten Dollar Club Call. 
We are looking forward, with one accord, to the day 
when God will bless us with a new building on our new 
site. As you share with us in this venture, and as you 
help us meet our need; will you also share with us in 
Ijrayer that God will guide us in the many decisions and 
much work that is ahead of us? 

"Except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain 
that build it" (Psalm 127:1). 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangel 


ON JANUARY 24, the General Secretary of the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church, M. Virgil 
Ingraham, leaves for a seven weeks' tour to visit the 
churches, Bible Institute, camp and evangelical missions 
in Argentina. 

Reverend Ingraham will be in Argentina at the time 
of the Pastor's Conference, for which the theme will be 
"The Gifts of the Spirit" and "The Growth of the 
Church." The Pastor's Conference held February 22-24 
is also attended by the pastors' wives. This is immedi- 
ately followed by the Spiritual Conference on February 
24 for the entire church body. 

The General Secretary's trip will also include stops 
en route in El Salvador, Columbia, Brazil, Peru and 
Chile to visit other evangelical missions. 

Reverend Ingraham has not been experiencing very 
robust health in the past year but continues to meet a 
\'ery demanding schedule. Foreign travel is especially 
difficult for him, and the very rigid time schedule to 
accomplish these business meetings in other Latin Amer- 
ican countries will be most ta.xing. We ask your prayers 
in particular for his health and for travel mercy. 

Pray also for our brothers in South America as they 
prepare for their conferences and pray for the expansion 
of the work in Argentina. 

M. Virgil Ingraham, General Secretary 


THE 23rd Call of the Ten Dollar Club was sent out 
January 2 from the Missionary Board office. The 
membership enrollment was carefully checked against 
the mailing and we trust that each member has now 
received the announcement of the new call for the Man- 
teca, California Church. If you do not have your letter, 
we might be lacking a .change of address. We would 
appreciate your informing us if you have been missed. 


Today is here. I will start with a smile, and resolve to 

be agreeable. 

I will not crtiicize. I refuse to waste my valuable time. 

Today has one thing in which I know I am equal with 
others — time. 

All of us draw the sumo salary in seconds, minutes, 
hours — 

Today I will not waste my time, because the minutes I 
wasted yesterday arc as lost as a vanished thought. 

Today I refuse to spend time worrying about wh 
might happen. I am going to spend my time makii 
things happen — 

Today I am determined to study to impro\'e myself, f 
tomorrow I may be wanted, and I must not be foui 

Today I will act toward other people as though tl 
might bo my last day on earth. 

I will not wait for tomorrow. Tomorrow never come 

uary 20, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 


Devotional Program for February 


I to Worship: 

eniors: "A good name is rather to be chosen than 
at riches, and loving favour rather than silver and 
i" (Proverbs 22:1). 

uniors: "Search me, O God, and know my heart: try 
and know my thoughts: And see if there be any 
ked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting" 
aim 139:23, 24). 

\g Session: 

.eader: Go through a hymnal and choose some songs 
verses from hymns which go along with the theme 
your meeting. 

Circle of Prayer 

Reading : 

"Tomorrow Never Comes" 

Bible Study: 

Senior: Proverbs 

Junior : Psalms 
Special Music 
Discussion Questions: 

Seniors — Discuss You're in the Teenage Generation. 

"Spirit of Sisterhood" 
S.M.M. Benediction 



Read Exodus 20:4-6 
Key Verse: Proverbs 22:1 


AN ENGLISH CLASS to which I had recently 
assigned the title "What's in a Name?" for a compo- 
on, a boy named Robin came up with a rare tale. 
' course, truth is stranger than fiction!) Having ad- 
■ed names that rhyme, his grandmother had called her 
od Harry, Jerry, Larry, and Mary. Mass confusion re- 
ted. When she called Harry to complete a certain 
re, he thought she said Jerry; hence no one came, 
"ry was whacked for something Mary did because 
indfather misunderstood Grandmother when she ex- 
ined the situation needing attention. Mary, Robin's 
ther, vowed her children would never mistake their 
nikers and proceeded to bestow long involved Bibli- 

cal names upon her offspring. For example, Robin's 
name is really Nehemiah! 

Do you like the name your parents gave you? They 
doubtlessly spent many hours in discussing names be- 
fore they made the final decision. A psychologist recent- 
ly observed that people who accept their name in good 
grace are generally well adjusted to life while those who 
dislike their name tend to be neurotic. Let us face it. 
Some of us early in life were forced to develop a good 
sense of humor considering what our doting parents 
dreamed up to hang on us for a lifetime. Some of you 
may have been named for a grandmother as was I. 
How my parents could have hung on their firstborn such 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangel 

a moniker as Donna Rosabelle Rupert is beyond me. 
Yes, that is all mine. But I cherish the memory of the 
grandmother for whom I was named. At least I have 
never run across another person with such a combina- 
tion. It is mine alone. 

Kay Ellen Bargerhuff of the Loree Brethren Church 
in Indiana sends us Proverbs 22:1 as her favorite and 
points out that its message has kept her from certain 
actions that might have harmed her. Her words speak 
of the development of self-control that is so important 
if a person is to become a mature individual, a radiant 
Christian personality. 

Let us examine this proverb: 

"A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches: 
And loving favor rather than silver and gold." 
Notice that it has two stichs or thoughts that are sim- 
ilar in meaning; therefore, it is synonymous parallelism. 
( Remember our discussion of Hebrew poetry last 
month?) Loving favor and a good name both refer to a 
reputation gained by uprightness and unselfishness. Of 
course, God is the only one who knows your character; 
but it does show in your actions toward others so that 
your good name or reputation is the result of loving 
your family and neighbors as yourself. 

Shakespeare recognizes the importance of a good name 
in Othello: 

"Good name in man and woman, dear my lord, 

Is the immediate jewel of their souls: 

Who steals my purse steals trash; 'tis something, noth- 

'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands; 

But he that filches from me my good name 

Robs me of that which not enriches him. 

And makes me poor indeed." 

How do you protect your good name so that no one 
filches or steals it from you? We all have to make 
choices every day of our lives. Many times a choice 
might bring pleasure for the moment or a quick solution 
that does not make us look like a party-pooper, but also 
might cause a forfeiting of our good name. We unthink- 
ingly go along viath the crowd and say or do that which 
hurts ourselves and others — a practical joke that back- 
fires; a dare we foolishly take; a date with a boy with 
whose reputation we are not familiar; a yielding to 
temptation and then living in fear that someone may 
find out; a breaking of rules just for "kicks"; lying and 
cheating to save our skins or taking what does not be- 
long to us. How often do we jeopardize our precious 
names because we are gullible, thoughtless, and spine- 

A question each of us should ponder is "Does your 
name belong to you alone?" Recently a girl who attends 
the school where I teach returned to a downtown store 
a twenty-dollar bill she had found in one of their fitting 
and alteration rooms. Her honesty reflected not only 
on her own good name but also on that of our school. 
In like manner, students who excel in speech, athletics, 
music, and scholarship bring honor to the name of their 
school. The influence of a name is similar to a pebble 
thrown into a quiet pool. It affects not only the point 
of contact but also the whole pond into which the pebble 
is cast. Indeed, our actions affect our family, our school, 
our church — and eventually our nation and our world. 

What happens when you bring disgrace upon your 
name? We have all seen young people struggling to 

clear their names which their parents or brothers 
sisters have dragged into the mud because they h; 
resorted to stealing, drunkenness, killing, or immorali 
And we have seen parents with broken hearts becai 
their children have disregarded their good name a 
broken the laws of God and man. Whoever knows th( 
violators is affected. Ultimately we all bear the s 
of others. 

The Second Commandment ends: "... for I the Lc 
thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of 1 
fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth g 
eration of them that hate me; and showing mercy ui 
thousands of them that love me, and keep my comma; 
nients." Some people insist this portion may refer i 
hereditary traits that are passed on from one gene 
tion to smother; but when we view how the sins 
fathers or mothers can affect the future of their cl 
dren and their children's children, we are sure this I 
more to do with the effects of environment. Those v. 
defy both God's and men's laws cause many innocei 
to suffer. As we have already noted, we have only 
look around to see how the names of many have be 
dishonored because someone in their family has kill 
defrauded, or mistreated others. But the most beauti 
part of that commandment is the truth that God sho 
mercy to thousands that love Him and keep His cc 

When our family lived in Connecticut away from c 
relatives, the significance of this promise struck me. 
have been sorely tempted; I have ignorantly put mys 
into dangerous situations; I have been on the brink 
disaster; but God has been with me. In many of thi 
instances I did not pray for specific guidance becausf 
had no idea that the situation was perilous. But wh 
I consider that my grandparents, my parents, and otl 
loved ones have been praying for me all my life, I kn 
why I have enjoyed God's mercy in bountiful measu 
We in ourselves are no stronger or better than the p 
of the human race; however, God's mercy, extended 
us through the name that has been given us by lo\ 
ones, has protected us from harm. Our Christian na: 
that they have mentioned daily in their prayers is woi 
more than gold and sih'er. It is up to each one of us 
keep that name unsullied. 

How will your name be remembered? One of i 
friends, a teacher in our school, was telling me ab( 
the biggest cheat she had ever known. An e.xcellt 
football player, he had gone through high school w 
her plucking someone else's brains and managed throu 
college the same way. In fact, he had played professiv 
al football, married a wealthy girl, and is now on 
father-in-law's payroll. Now there is a fellow with s», 
talents! But how do those who knew him well reme 
ber him? The biggest cheat they ever came aero 
What a legacy to pass on to his children! 

Think how miserable and wretched the world has be 
made by the Ahabs and Jezebels, by the Herods a 
Herodiases, by the Hitlers and Stalins. Then consi( 
how indebted the world is to its Abrahams and Sara 
to its Florence Nightingales and Louis Pasteurs, to 
Helen Kellers and Albert Schweitzers. And thank C 
for the name of Jesus! 

May it be said of each of us that this world is a bet 
place because we passed through, because we left a gc 
name as a legacy to our family, the whole human ra 

luary 30, 1988 

Tago Twenty-nine 

:slions for Discussion: 

Do you pray daily for your loved ones and tiy to 
include several names whom you suspect no one else 
prays for? 

What is the story behind the choice of your name? 
Jesus means God is salvation; Peter, rock; Kay, pur- 
ity; Ellen, light; Alice, truth; Margaret, pearl. Do 
you live up to the meaning of your name? (Many 

dictionaries contain the meanings of names as a 
special section.) 

4. Are we ever justified in saying that what we do is 
nobody's business but our own? 

5. Arc we ever justified in saying that our life is our 
own and that no one can tell us how to live it? 

6. Make a list of people who have made our world a 
better place in which to live. 



Psalm 139:1-12; 23, 24 


r 7HEN WE READ ABOUT the "brains" of great 
V computers, it seems amazing that man has in- 
ited machines that can know so much. Have you 
d about such mechanisms which will answer questions 
:ed them, or will solve sticky problems after being 
d" the facts? But even more amazing is the fact 
t God knows everything. There is a word by which 

describe this particular characteristic of God. It 
omniscient. God is omniscient, or all-knowing. 
^Tot only does God know the facts, but He knows us. 
w there is more than one way to know a person, 
■haps there is a girl in your school named Grayce 
les. You may say, "Yes, I know her," but really you 
I't know much about her except her name and what 
■ looks like. God knows much more about us. When 

say that God knows us it means that He knows 
■rything about us. 

Cing David writes about this all-knowing God in 
dm 139. "Lord," he says, "You have searched me and 
3wn me" (v. 1). This is far more than knowing a 
ne, for David writes that the Lord knows him even 
en he sits down or when he gets up. At times we 
> sad and sit alone; at other times we are happy and 
up for joy. The Lord knows all of our moods. David 
s that the Lord understands our thoughts afar off 

2). Now computers are great, but there is yet to be 
ented one which will understand our thoughts afar 

or even nearby. 

5od knows what we think. Others may try to imagine 
at we think from the e.xpressions on our faces, but 
i knows our thoughts and the secret desires of our 

I^erhaps a vei-y good friend of yours does something 
Sch seems strange to you, or which you just can't 
lerstand. You thought you knew this friend, but can't 
jre out the actions. This camiot be God's comment, 

David writes that God is acquainted with all our 
ys (v. 3). 

Whether we are in bed or on the go, the Lord is beside 
us and understands our actions. God knows all that we 

Sometimes we say things for which we are truly sorry. 
For such remarks we may wish God were not listening. 
But verse 4 says that God knows altogether every word 
on our tongues. Even if the words ai-e not spoken, God 
knows them for He knows our hearts. So God knows 
what we think as well as what we say. 

God is all about us — ahead, behind, within, vwthout. 
David says that He has laid His hand upon us (v. 5). 
No one but God can know all that we think and do and 
say. For David this was almost too much. It over- 
whelmed him. He said, "Such knowledge is too wonder- 
ful for me." He said it was too great for him to under- 
stand (v. 6). Neither can we understand, but how com- 
forting to know that our Heavenly Father knows us, 
hears us, understands our problems, loves us, and cares 
for us. We can say with David that it is all too won- 

Besides being an all-knowing God, this Psalm tells us 
more about God. It tells us that God is everywhere. 
There is a word which means that God is with us no 
matter where we are, and that word is omnipresent. 

In this Psalm David tells of God's omnipresence or 
of His being always present. Sometimes when we've 
been lazy or done a sloppy job, or when we've sinned 
by being dishonest, lying or cheating we should like to 
run and hide; for we know we have been in the wrong 
and are ashamed. Although here on earth we may avoid 
facing up to our sin before men, we just can't avoid 
God. Even if we take a fast jet or "take the wings of 
the morning" (v. 9), flee to a remote island or "dwell 
in the uttermost parts of the sea" (v. 9), David writes 
that "even there shall thy right hand lead me" (v. 10). 

From news reports in the papers, on the radio or TV 
we are all aware that people today travel to all parts 
of the earth. Not only do they travel on the earth, but 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangel 

they travel amazing distances and speeds exploring the 
regions beyond the earth as we know it. But no matter 
how far nor how fast we travel, God is there. 

When we play hide-and-seek, dark corners are always 
a good place to hide. For us darkness is a handicap for 
we see better by day than by night. But for God, "the 
darkness and the light are both alike" (v. 12). Many 
animals see well at night, and we say of people who see 
well at night that they have "cat's eyes." But of others 
who see poorly at night, we say that they are as "blind 
at a bat." David makes it clear that darkness does not 
hide us fi-om God, for to Him the night shines as day. 
Only God can be e\erywhere and see everything at once. 

There are many times when we need God's help and 
guidance. God knows us — each of us — all about us, 
and He is always with us to help us. If we are lonely 
or discouraged, trust in God and He will be a friend 
to cheer and encourage. If we are tempted to do wrong. 
He will strengthen us to resist temptations and show 
us the right way. If we are uncertain what to do or 
where to go. He can clear the fog and show us the path 
to take. 

Since God is omnipresent we can talk with Him 
matter where or what the hour. He doesn't sleep, 1 
is always by our side. 

In the last two verses of this Psalm, David is pn 
ing to God f(jr guidance and help. Likewise, we c 
pray this same prayer. David asks God to search 1 
heart — to show him things he has thought or do 
which were not pleasing in God's sight. His prayer' 
that God will guide him to do what is right. 

God knows everything — everything about the wo 
in which we live, evei'ything about those things abc 
which we know nothing, e\'erytliing about us. He wai 
to make David's words our words, "Sesirch me, O Gi 
and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts; A 
see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in t 
way everlasting" (v. 23, 24). 
Questions for Discussion: 

1. What is the meaning of omniscient? of omnipreser 

2. Is it necessary to have a special time or place 
talk with God? E.xplain. 

3. Does God dwell in heathen lands? 

4. Where is God? 

Signal Lights Program for Februar 
Prepared by Mrs. Alberta Holsingi 


Singing Time: 

"Keep Your Heart in Tune" 

"The B-I-B-L-E" 

"Every Promise in the Book is 

(from Action One, Singspiration 


Bible Time: 

Anointing The Sick 

(You might want to invite one or 
two people who have been anointed 
to come to this month's meeting and 
tell what the service has meant to 

Do you remember what special 
service we talked about at our last 
Signal Lights meeting? 

Yes, baptism. 

(Review last month's study by ask- 
ing questions such as: Why does a 
person want to be baptized? What 
does it show? Where are our people 
baptized? Tell us how someone is 

Today we are going to talk about 
another special service — the anoin- 
ting service. 

Have you ever been sick? 

Yes, we have all been sick. Some- 
times we are sick for just a day or 
two. Sometimes we are sick for 
many days. 

Do you go to bed when you are 
sick? Do you call the doctor? (Let 
the children tell of the things done 
in tlieir home for a sick person.) 

The Bible tells us something else 
we should do when we are sick. I will 
read it to you. (Read James 5:14, 

In other parts of tlie Bible we read 
that Jesus sent His disciples to tell 
others of Him. Many sick people 
came to hear them. They put oil on 
the foreheads of those who were sick, 
placed their hands on their heads 
and prayed for them. Many were 
made well again. 

This is what we are told to do 
when we are sick. In the Scripture 

I read to you it said to send for 1 
elders. Do you know who the eldi 
in our church are? They are t 
ministers. We are told to call c 
minister when we are sick. 

Then we are told to ask him 
anoint us. That means that he v 
pour a little oil (usually olive c 
into his hand and rub it on the fo 
head of the sick person. Then 
will put his hand on the head a 
pray. He will ask one of the de 
ons and deaconesses to come w' 
him and to pray also. This is cal 
the anointing service. 

This does not mean that we v 
become well immediately. This i; 
time when we tell God we want B 
to help us in the way He knows 
l)est. Some people who have b( 
anointed have been cured immet 
tely. Others have become well she 
ly after the anointing service. So 
liave not been healed but they i 
better because they know God \ 
choose what is best for them. 

luary 20, 1968 

Page Thirty-one 

Sometimes God heals a sick person 
thout any medicine. Usually, 
)ugh, He works through the doct- 

rhere are two things to remember 
>ut the anointing service. First 
all you must be willing to tell 
d you want Him to do what is best 
■ you. Then you should ask some- 
i to call the minister and tell him 
i would like to be anointed. 
(Introduce your guests and have 
!m tell of their anointing experi- 
:es. Permit the children to ask 
jstions and to discuss the anoint- 
; service until they understand it.) 

smory Time: 

James 5:14 

(Review previous memory Scrip t- 
5s. Be sure the children include 
; references. Give each Signal 
ht a paper with this month's 
ripture verse printed on it.) 
rhe verse we will learn this month 
one I read to you from the Bible 
ring our Bible story time. Look at 
ur paper while I read it to you. 
Now you read it with me. 
(Practice reading it a few times, 
len have the children turn the 
pers over and say the verse.) 
Take your memory verse paper 
me with you; so you can practice 
at home this month. 

ission Time: 

A Song In Spanish 

One of the favorite songs of the 
ys and girls in Argentina is "Jesus 
»ves Me." In their language it 
unds like this: 

Si, Cristo me a-ma, 

Si, Cristo me a-ma, 

Si, Cristo me a-ma. 

La Bi-blia me di-ce. 
(Sing it two or three times for 
ur group. Go over the words with 
■m and then have them try singing 
with you.) 

The Rowsey's 

Do you like to make things? Do 
u ever poke around in piles of old 
ik looking for things to use? Then 
u know how John felt, 
lohn's parents were Rev. and Mrs. 

H. Rowsey. He has two sisters 
d one brother. They could tell us 
out all the things he collected 
aorknobs, nails, bits of wire) and 

the things he made, 
lust like all boys John went to 
lool, played with his friends, and 
ked about what he would be when 

grew up. Sundays he would be in 
arch and Sunday school. Perhaps 

often wondered, just as you do. 

what vvcjrk God really had for him 
to do. 

In between times he tinkered with 
this and that, making things. 

When John was older, he was in 
the Navy and traveled to many other 
countries. When he was discharged 
from the Navy, he returned to Ash- 
land College. 

In the Navy and in college he 
learned more and more about mak- 
ing things — especially radio things. 
He installed a college radio station, 
made tape recordings, and worked 
on telephone line construction. 

At Ashland College John met Reg- 
ina Hendershot. Regina was born at 
Berlin, Pennsylvania, and is the old- 
est of eight children. What a lot of 
fun a family like that would have 
playing and working together! 

Regina and John were married in 
1953. They both knew God wanted 
them to be missionaries. They pray- 
ed, studied, and planned how they 
could best serve Him. 

Regina Rowsey's birthday is May 
11. In 1955 she had a wonderful 
birthday present. Their daughter Su- 
san was born. 

In April, 1957 the three Rowsey's 
flew to Buenos Aires, Argentina, as 
our missionaries. Susan's brother 
Philip and sister Valerie were born 

John is not a preacher-missionary. 
He is a radio technician and works 
with the Spanish radio programs of 
our missions. 

Part of John's work now is to help 
plan the audio-visual trailer which is 
our project this year. 

John has written that this will be 
a two wheel aluminum trailer nine 
feet long by five and a half feet wide. 
This trailer will have two doors. One 
will be on the side. The other one 
will be a very large door on one end 
of the trailer. This door will be hing- 
ed at the bottom. It will make a 
platform for the missionaries and 
Argentine Brethren to use in out- 
door sei-vices. It can also be used 
as a loading ramp for large things 
such as the organ. 

Inside, the trailer will be much 
like a camper. There will be two 
beds which fold out from the wall. 
There will be a closet and a small 
kitchen. Those traveling with the 
trailer will be able to live comforta- 
bly in it while they are away from 

There will also be places for the 
recorders, projectors, amplifier, and 
other equipment. 

There will be a place, too, for a 
gasoline generator to provide electri- 
city for the lights and projectors. 

You see, God needs not only min- 
isters, but all types of workers. As 
a boy John liked to make things. 
Now he is really making things for 
God in Argentina. 

What do you like to do? Think 
about it. Maybe it is something you 
can do for God as a missionary. 

(Ne.xt month we will talk about 
ways the audio-visual trailer will be 
Prayer Time: 

Let us thank God that we can help 
the people of Argentina learn of Him 
through the offerings we bring for 
the audio-visual trailer. 

Let us ask God to guide John Row- 
sey as he plans the trailer. Let us 
ask Him to help Regina Rowsey as 
she serves Him in Argentina. 

Handwork Time: 

An Audio-Visual Trailer 

(For each child you will need a 
shoe box, two cardboard circles, four 
brass fastners, a small rubber band 
and scissors.) 

Today we will each make sm audio- 
\'isual trailer from a shoe box. 

First, let's cut a door in the side, 
like this. Now let's cut out one end 
of the box so it folds down like a 
platform. We will put a brass fast- 
ener on the big door and one on top. 
Now we can keep the door shut by 
putting a rubber band around the 
brass fasteners. 

We will fasten the wheels on with 
brass fasteners. 

(If there is time you may have the 
children decorate the inside of the 
box to resemble the inside of the 
trailer. Refer to the mission story 
for things they might like to draw 
in it.) 

You may take your trailer home 
and tell your family about the audio- 
visual trailer John Rowsey is plan- 
ning for the Argentine work. Tell 
them, too, that the Signal Lights 
groups are going to help pay for 
this trailer. 

Business Time: 

1. Give the Signal Lights motto. 

2. Roll call and secretary's report. 

3. Offering (tell what you did with- 
out this month.) 

4. Ask the Signal Lights if they are 
keeping their devotional charts. 

5. A birthday to remember: 
Mark Bowers will be 13 years old 

on March 11. 

Signal Lights Benediction 

Rev. & Mrs. Albert T. Ronk i»age TlUrty-two The Brethren Evangolis 

27 High St» 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

. . . reserve your history book 

Pre-publication orders are now being 
received by: 


524 College Ave. 

Ashland. Ohio 44805 

Cost $ 6.95 

Less 10% .70 

$ 6.25 
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$ 6.50 

(Plus sales tax where applicable) 

This book is a history of the Brethren 
Church up to 1966. The author is Dr. Albert 
T. Ronk. 




Philippians 2: 1 I 



TEe. "B'tStkeit 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society . . Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 


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Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

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Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
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Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
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Prudential Conunittee: 

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Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "Who Is Christ?" 3 

The Board of Christian Education 4 

"The Martyred Saints and the Lamb's Wrath" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver T 

"Evening Walks with Jesus — To the Temple 

in Jerusalem" 

by Rev. George W. Solomon 10 

Sisterhood 12 

"Removing the Landmarks" 

by Rev. C. C. Grisso 12 

A Report from Smithville, Ohio 14 

A Report from Flora, Indiana 15 

A Report from the Superintendent of the 

Brethren's Home 16 

A list of the Residents of the Brethren's Home . . 18 

"What Do Church People Read" 19 

News from the Brethren 20 

Memorials 20 

Births 21 

Weddings 21 



in order for Rev. an 
Mrs. Paul Steiner of Lanarl 
Illinois upon the birth of 
son on Wednesday, Janueu 
17, 1968. He weighed in 
9 pounds, 9% ounces and h£ 
been named David Paul. 

Rev. Steiner is the paste 
of the First Brethren Churc 
in Lanark, Illinois, havin 
assumed the pastorate fo 
lowing his graduation froi 
the Ashland Theologici 
Seminary in Ashland, Ohi 

The Steiners were the pa 
Amy, who passed away earl 

ents of a little girl, 
in March of 1967. 


I think oftimes as the night draws nigh, 

Of an old house on the hill, 
Of a yard all wide, and blossom-starred. 

Where the children played at will. 
And when the night at last came down. 

Hushing the merry din, 
Mother would look around and ask. 

"Are all the children in?" 

'Tis many and many a year since then, 

And the old house on the hill. 
No longer echoes to childish feet. 

And the yard is still, so still. 
But I see it all as the shadows creep. 

And though many the years have been 
Since then, I can hear the mother ask, 

"Are all the children in?" 

I wonder if, when the shadows fall, 

On the last short earthly day. 
When we say goodbye to the world outside 

All tired with our chUdish play. 
When we meet the Lover of boys and girls, , 

Who died to save them from sin, 
WiU we hear Him ask, as mother did, 

"Are all the children in?" 

Memorial — Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Memorial — Rev. Edwin Boardman 

"The Bible and Shakespeare" 

"Psychiatrj''s Credibihty Gap Widens" 

by Norman B. Rohrer i. 

World Religious News in Review 

"Who Will Sui-vive 'the Famine'?" 

by Norman B. Rohrer J 

A Report on "The History of the 

Brethren Church" Book 

A Report of the Northern California 

District Conference 

The Missionary Board 

i-ebruary 3, 1968 

Page Three 




Wlio h Ghnst? 

T WAS quite in;tei^esting, to say the least, to be 
in attendance in a Sunday school class recently 
jnd to listen to the answers given by the adults 
resent to the question posed by the teacher, 
iWho is Christ and what does He mean to you?" 

[ One went to great lengths to explain that Jesus 
[/as a man who lived on earth tiiat had special 
good characteristics" that set him apai't from 
ther men in various ways. That perhaps God 
ave him special abilities of leadership that made 
lim stand out in the crowd. The member of the 
unday school class went on to suggest that Jesus 
ad a unique insight to the problems of those 
round Him, therefore He was able to give com- 
jrting assistance. That Jesus was a very gifted 
idividual was the thesis of this particular stu- 

j Another student was firm in his belief that 
'hrist can mean different things to different 
eople. This meaning depends upon the individ- 
al as he looks upon Jesus relative to the flow 
f history. 

Others claimed Him to be a great teacher, a 
rophet, a man of great distinction, etc. 

Finally, after much discussion of the attributes 
f Christ, one man on the far side of the Sunday 
:hool room spoke up and said: "Christ is the 
on of God, sent to save the world from its sin, 
lerefore He is my Savior in whom I believe, 
lerefore I have the assurance of life eternal." 
his man went on to suggest that we could dis- 
iss the philosophical aspect of the coming of 
lirist all we wanted to, but to be saved we had 
:> come to the realization that Jesus is the Son 
I God. 

At the time of all this discussion we were mak- 
ing a study of the first chapter of the Gospel of 
John; in particular the fourteenth verse which 
reads: "And the Word became flesh and dwelt 
among us, full of grace and truth ; we have be- 
held his glory, glory as of the only Son from the 
Father." In light of this verse of Scripture, how 
can we believe any other thesis than the fact that 
Christ is the Son of God? 

As I listened to this discussion I uttered a 
prayer that such was not happening in our own 
Brethren Church (I was visiting in a Sunday 
school of another denomination). 

We Brethren need to be firm in the belief of 
the divinity of our Lord and we need to be faith- 
ful in teaching this belief to our children in our 
homes and in our Sunday school classes. It is so 
easy to teach the miracles, the parables and the 
good works of our Lord that many times we ne- 
glect to stress the cardinal truth of His divinity, 
his mission and purpose. We fail to stress the 
fact that He is truly the Son of God, that He is 
the personal Savior of each individual that will 
accept Him. But before we adults can impress 
our young people with this truth, we must have 
this assurance in our own hearts. 

My heart truly ached for the members of that 
particular Sunday school class for it was very 
obvious that many did not know Christ person- 
ally. Also, the terrible realization that this situ- 
ation is true in many, many churches across our 
land gripped me to the extent that my heart is 
still burdened. It's no wonder that there is a 
dirth of spirituality in religious circles today. 

Let's not allow this to happen in the Brethren 
Church ! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelist 




The Ministry of Concern 


James wrote, "Religion that is pure and undefiled 
before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and 
widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained 
from the world" (James 1:27 RSV). Genuine Christian 
faith is a very difficult thing both from a religion which 
has its chief manifestation in elaborate ceremony and 
from a religion that is mere talk. 

In the Old Testament, the fatherless Eind widows 
were specially cared for and protected by Jehovah. It 
is not surprising, therefore, to find that the New Testa- 
ment Christians cared for these same unfortunates with 
deep tenderness (Acts 6:1) in an attempt to point them 
to Him who is the Father of the fatherless and the 
Judge of the widow (Psalm 68:6).' Christians care for 
those in need. 

The Great Commission (Mt. 28:19, 20), which has for 
centuries been the stimulus for foreign missionary work, 
can be reduced to only two small words of four letters, 
"Go ye." This was the Lord's plan for continuing his 
personal ministry among men. The plan was both sim- 
ple and practical. "It was nothing more than reaching 
the nearest person, winning him to Christ, and then 
teaching him to do the same for others."^ 

According to Acts 1:8, the apostles' work was to begin 
at home: "And ye shall be witnesses unto me both in 
Jei-usalem . . . and unto the uttermost part of the 

earth." Thus, our Lord commanded both home and fori 
eign mission work. 

Interestingly, the word "mission" is derived from tlM; 
Latin, and it means to send. The word "visit" is alsii 
a Latin derivati\-e and means to go. A missionary is om 
who is sent; a visitor is one who goes. Mission worl 
requires visitation; visitation is mission work — both an 
forms of ministry born of concern for human beings ii 
need. It has been well said that "the church exists b; 
mission as a fire exists by burning." In churches when 
there is missionary zeal derived from a love for Christ 
there must be visitation. 

Certainly visitation as mission must result in increase< 
evangelistic emphasis. "The conditions that determim 
failure or success in evangelism through \isitation an 
discipleship, obedience, and trust."3 Anyone earnest!; 
desiring to carry out The Great Commission must firs 
be a pupil with a willingness to learn. 

Second, to be a disciple of Christ means surrender ti 
his Lordship. Knowledge is essential, but the Won 
must be evident to the world through us. Ours is t( 
obey and serve (minister) wherever he leads. 

Finally, trust is imperative. Surely all have bee: 
tempted to give up on account of insufficient result 
after faithful effort. But do recall that we were no 
promised an easy victory — this is the price required o 
all who would be true to their calUng. 



Philippians 2:11 


>bruary 3, 1968 

In the person who cultivates these charactertistics, 
he Holy Spirit so incarnates himself that through them 
le \vorks upon others so that they become like Him, 
eachers of truth, guiding into all truth, anointed wit- 
esses, testifying to Christ and glorifying Him through 
he building of His church. 

Evangelism through visitation has been a basic 
trength of the church from its inception to the present 
a.\'. The apostles followed the example of Jesus. Philip 
;'ft a successful work in Samaria to visit an individual 
Ethiopian. Peter, Paul and the other leaders did like- 
,ise. Acts 5:42 records that ". . . daily in the temple, 
nd in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach 
esus Christ." 

John Wesley visited from house to house with such 
iinstancy and zeal that ho knew more about social con- 
itions in his time than any of his contemporaries. 
iiiiier the influence of the Holy Spirit, D. L. Moody 
ecame a powerful evangelist because he went into the 
treets and cities where men were living their lives of 
uiet futility instead of waiting for them to come to 
hurch. He built his Sunday school by gathering recruits 
ff the streets and out of the slums. Can we feul to learn 
■oni these examples? 

Fi-om the time of Christ to the present, visitation and 
ersonal evangelism motivated by concern have been the 
^crot of building up church and Simday schools. Visita- 
lon keeps the church in touch with people. Jesus used 
le physical needs of people, their thirst, hunger, sick- 
ess, sorrow, fear Eoid anxiety as doors through which 
e brought spiritual light to the mind and soul of those 
a need. 

The needs of people can be ascertained through visi- 
ation and met through evangelism. If we do our part, 
lod will do the rest as is illustrated by the following 
oem by E. J. Morgan: 


One day I rang a doorbell 

In a casual sort of way, 
'Twas not a formal visit 

And there wasn't much to say. 

I don't remember what I SEud — 

It matters not I guess — 
I found a heart in hunger; 

A soul in deep distress. 

He said I came fi-om Heaven, 

And I often wondered why; 
He said I oeune to see him 

When no other help was nigh. 

It meant so little to me 

To knock at a stranger's door. 
But it meant Heaven to him 

And God's peace forevermore. 


Alexander Ross, Commentary on the Epistles of James 

j and John. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1954), p. 4.3. 

|. John T. Sisemore, The Ministry of Visitation. (Nash- 

\-ille: Convention Press, 1954), p. 4. 

Mavis Weidman. Evangelism. (New York: C. and 

M.A., 1961), p. 20. 

Page Five 

Educational Emphasis for 


TT HAS LONG BEEN recognized that "the family that 
"*■ prays together stays together." Unfortunately, too 
few families heed this sound advice. The result is an 
alarming increase in the divorce rate and an imhappy 
home life for thousands of persons of all ages. 

It is our thesis that the core of our work in Christian 
Education must revolve about families. The church is 
constantly forced to compete with the wonders of a 
technological age for the interest and support of persons 
from all walks of life. Therefore, it must effectively 
demonstrate the worth of the Christian faith in the most 
basic of all social units — the family. 

During the month of March, we will call your atten- 
tion to the necessity of winning and "welding" families 
to the church. There are many means of improving your 
church outreach to families, such as: 

(1) Revising the cradle-roll ministry 

(2) Impro\ing nursery facilities 

(3) Increasing famUy group activities 

(4) Up-grading teaching in the adult department 
id) Encom"aging attendance at family camp 

1 6) Exchanging ideas on family worship at home 

among various classes, etc. 
There are dozens of ways of bringing family worship 
to the attention of our people. Use your imagination and 
energy to satisfy the worship needs of families in your 


The Milford Junior BYC has pledged their support 
for the National Youth Project by voting to send $55 
to the conference in August. This is to be made by a 
few special projects, such as their past raking and mow- 
ing of the church yard, and collections at each of the 

We have been meeting every Friday night, right after 
school and we are happy to have one new member, Kathy 
Earth. This brings our total membership up to seven. 

The month of December was e.xtra busy with our reg- 
ular discussion of "What the Bible is All About," and 
two filmstrips that went adong with our study. The 
youth also participated in the Christmas Caroling held 
on December 22. Despite the cold winds, six out of our 
seven BYC members were able to enjoy the evening. 
Refreshments of cookies and hot chocolate were served 
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Scott afterwards 
with Mrs. Warren Fisher assisting. 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist' 

book review- 

"How to Give Away Your Faith" by Paul E. 
Little. Chicago: Inter-Varsity Press, 1966. 
131 pages, hardback, $3.50. 

ONE OF THE NEWEST and best books on personal 
evangelism is by Paul E. Little, Director of Evan- 
gelism for the Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. "How 
To Give Away Your Faith" reflects Mr. Little's experi 
ence with college students on the subject of the Christian 
faith but the principles he sets forth are applicable to 
all situations of personal evangelism. 

This book is well organized, simple enough for all to 
understand and yet reveals the depth of thinking and 
study by the author. The nine chapters of the book are: 

1. The Essential Foundation 

2. How To Witness 

3. Hurdling Social Barriers 

4. What Is Our Message? 

5. Why We Believe 

6. Christ Is Relevant Today 

7. Worldiness: External or Internal? 

8. Faith Is The Key 

9. Feeding The Spring 

The first chapter lays a strong foundation for the 
book and reminds us tliat "to witness effectively we 
must be realistic: genuine in our knowledge of people 
in today's world and genuine in our total commitment 
to Jesus Christ." 

One of the most practical and useful chapters in the 
book is the second chapter on "How To Witness." Seven 
principles for action are taken from the scripture in 
John 4 dealing with the conversation between Christ 
and the Woman at the Well. These seven principles are: 
"1. See and know non-Christians personally 

2. Establish a mutual interest in conversation 

.■). Arounse a person's interest by life and word 

4. Gear explanations to his recepti\'eness and readi- 
ness for more 

5. Accept and even compliment rather than condemn 

6. Stay on the track 

7. Persevere to the destination. " 

Social barriers that we, as Christians, need to over- 
come or put in their proper perspective are discussed 
in the third chapter. Again, some very practical sug- 
gestions are offered along with the theory that determ- 
ines them. 

Before we can witness effectively we must know what 
we are going to tell people and "What Is Our Message?" 
in chapter four challenges us to be sure of our message. 
An excellent suggestion by the author is for each person 
to sit down and write out, in his own words, just what 
is meant by such words as: regeneration, saved, sancti- 
fication, etc. Three other steps are recommended by Mr 
Little at the conclusion of this chapter for learning t ■ 
make our message clear and understandable. 

"Why We Believe" in chapter five drives home to 
us the need for being committed to the truth of Jesus 
Christ if we are going to be effective in personal evan- 
gelism. Seven basic questions that non-Christians often 
ask are discussed and the answers offered are the clear- 
est and best this reviewer has seen. The questions are: 

1. What About the Heathen? 

2. Is Christ the Only Way to God? 

3. Why Do the Innocent Siiffer? 

4. How Can Miracles Be Possible? 

5. Isn't the Bible Full of Errors? 

6. Isn't Christian Experience Only Psychological? 

7. Won't a Good Moral Life Get Me to Heaven? 
"Christ Is Relevant Today" for the many problems of 

people. These problems such as loneliness, fear of death, 
lack of self-control and others can be resolved with the 
Truth, Jesus Christ. 

Mr. Little gets "personal" in chapter seven when hi 
considers the Christian and his idea of worldiness — i^ 
it external or internal? The vast subject of what 
Christians should or should not do is discussed and the 
final conclusion of the chapter is: 

"Merely abstaining from certain things is no guaran 
tee that we are spiritual. 

"Genuine spirituality is the viewing of everything froir 
God's standpoint: considering and living every part ol 
our life according to His standard of values and in term.' 
of His revealed will for lis, so that everything we saj 
and do may bring glory to Jesus Christ who loves ii 
and gave Himself for us." 

"Faith Is The Key" in chapter eight shows us thai 
faith principle shoa.dd and can be operative at £dl time; 
in the Christian life to carry us through all its triumph; 
and tragedies, doubts and assurances. 

The final chapter on "Feeding The Spring" sets fortl 
the need of eac'a Christian to feed his spiritual life S( 
he will be overflowing with the message he is to presen 
to the world. The book concludes with this statement 
"Inner spu-itual reality developed by a secret life witl 
God is essential for an effective witness to a pagai 

We agree with Leighton Ford in his introduction to thi: 
book when he says it is "Biblical, relevant, practical ' 
realistic and Ohrist-centered." 

This book is highly recommended for personal readini . 
but also as a study for m-angelism classes, youth groups' 
WMS, Laymen and others. The cha]>ters and organizei 
tion of tlif book lend themselves to sucli studies. I 
The Brethien Church is to come even near its intendei 
goal of "25 -x 73," the princiijles found in "How to Givi 
Away Your Faith" will have to be employed! 

February 3, 1968 

Page Seven 


Revelation 6:9-17 

Part XX 



ITH THE OPENING of the fifth seal, the scene 

hiiigs about this seal are also different from the four 
Iready studied, as J. A. Seiss observes: "The manifes- 
atioiis under the breaking of this seal differ, in some 
espects, from the four preceding. There is here no ex- 
ression from the living ones. There are no horsemen 
r horses. And the burden of the description is exhibited 
1 the results rather than in the processes. Still, every- 
hbig turns out as belonging to the same general cate- 
ory of trial and suffering" (The Apocalji)se, p. 140). 
This last statement from Seiss' observation denotes the 
io between this fifth seal and the four that preceded 
t — the category of trial and suffering. The first four 
eals reveal, in essence, the natural course of all history 
n terms of sin and its consequence upon men and na- 
ions. This course of history is pictured in terms of 
Tiur horses and their riders, symbolizing — in progres- 
ion of thought — war and conquest, civil, national and 
iternational bloodshed and strife, hunger and famine, 
nd pestilence and death. As we noted in our last mes- 
age, these trials and sufferings have been with man 
ince Cain and Abel, but as the consummation of all 

IrOUTH SUNDAY - May 19, 1968 

rOUTH WEEK - May 19-25. 1968 

Plan now for Youth Week in your 

:hurch. Youth Week ideas will be sent 

to each church in March. 

history draws ever closer — such shall become more 
uni\'ersal, more pronounced, and more destructive in 
force and power. 

Our present message will deal with the opening of 
the fifth and sixth seals by the Lamb, covering verses 
9-17. In these two seals we will see two main consid- 
erations presented — considerations which suggest the 
state of the martyred saints and the consequence of the 
Lamb's wrath upon the godless inhabitants of the earth. 
The state of the martyred saints (9-11) 

With verse 9, John again receives a vision of heaven 

— but this time, it is heaven pictured in terms of the 
Jewish tabernacle and temple, rather than in terms of 
a great throne-room as in chapters 4 and 5. Here, in 
this heavenly temple, John sees an altar — and under 
the altar, "the souls of them that were slain for the 
word of God, and for the testimony which they held" 

In the Old Testament temple system, the altar was 
found just inside the temple-gate and was used for the 
offering of blood-sacrifices. Seiss makes the following 
comment, regarding this heavenly altar of John's vision 

— of which the earthly altar was but a shadow: "Some 
describe that altar as Christ, under whose protection 
and shade the souls of the martyrs are preserved, free 
from all perils and evils, till their recall, in renewed 
bodies, by the resurrection. It denotes a near and holy 
relation to God; a place of sacred rest under the pro- 
tection of Christ and His sacrifice, and a state of bless- 
edness, to which, however, higher stages are to come. 
... It is precisely the place where we would most 
naturally expect them to be, and where they are most 
sacredly kept, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the re- 
demption of the body" (Ibid., pp. 146, 147). 

There seems to be little doubt, in the light of the total 
conte.xt, that the souls, mentioned here, are those that 
belong to the martyred saints of the great tribulation 
period. Evidently there will be many, who refuse the 
offer of salvation during the Church age, but who will 
turn to Christ after the Rapture, and seal their personal 
faith in Him by their own blood. Verse 9 says that such 
were slain because of their faithful witness to God's 
Word and for the testimony which they held. One is 
made to wonder who of us today could be thus number- 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelisti 

ed among tliis martyred throng, when, even without the 
danger of persecution and death, our witness is so often 
muted and our faith is so often weak and anemic! Yet, 
according to this vision, there will be many who will be 
willing to brave fire, sword and — in modern thought 
— gunfire and hanging, for their new found experience 
in Christ. All such are pictured, in verse 10, as joining 
together in the cry for vindication of their faith through 
the righting of all their wrongs. 

It is probably best for us to consider the cry of the 
martyred tribulation saints in terms of the imprecatory 
Psalms where, rather than thinking of them as prayers 
for vengeance, we look at them as prayers of assurance 
concerning God's ultimate balancing of all accounts and 
vindicating of His righteousness and true holiness. In 
praying for God to visit judgment and doom upon the 
enemy, these saints, like the Psalmists of old, are here 
expressing their faith and assurance in the ultimate 
consummation of all God's justice and equity. Such 
faith and assurance, no doubt, was meant, by John, to 
encourage the persecuted saints of his own day — 
whom, he may well have believed, were living on the 
very threshold of this great tribulation. 

Thus, these prayers (or cries) do not suggest to us 
the attitude of those harboring an unforgiving and re- 
vengeful spirit, but rather, the attitude of those who 
have suffered the most terrible persecutions the world 
has ever known — and yet share with those of kindred 
minds and spirits this great proclamation of faith and 
trust. Such comes to us, here in verse 10, more as a 
literary question, meant to be taken as an affirmation 
of faith — God will judge and avenge the blood of His 
saints upon all them that dwell on the earth! 

Careless seems the great Avenger 

History's pages but record. 
One death-grapple in the darkness 

'TwLxt false systems and the Word; 
Truth forever on the scaffold. 

Wrong for ever on the throne. 
Yet that scaffold sways the future. 

And behind the dim unknown — 
Standeth Gcd within the shadow, 

Keeping watch above his own. 

Verse eleven presents us, in symbolic language, the 
glorious condition of these raptured tribulation saints 
(perhaps immediately raptured at the moment of their 
death J. What we read concerning their present condi- 
tion, certainly is the same description which can refer 
to all God's saints — these of the Old Testament era, 
those of the Church age, and of the great tribu- 
lation. The white robes that were given to them speal< 
of their imputed and imparted righteousness and holi- 
ness — the direct result of the righteousness and the of Christ (Rom. 13:14; Gal. 3:27; 5:16; Eph. 

Verse 11 also implies that these raptured tribulation 
saints were in a state of rest ("that they should rest 
yet for a little season"). This may allude to the glorious 
rest of the believer, referred to in Hebrews 4:1-11, which 
speaks both of the rest of salvation ("from our works") 
and the eternal rest of our soul. 

One other description is gi\'en concerning them and 
it comes in the command that they should continue their 

rest "for a little season." The purpose of this wEutingi 
was that (5od might be able to fulfill all of salvation's 
drama — ■ a drama revealing His eternal wiU and pur- 
pose for all men. God is saying that the last curtaini 
will fall — in His own time and in His own way. Until 
then, all God's people must be willing to rest (in Him) ' 
— and to wait (for Him) ! These truths, no doubt, 
brought much comfort and assurance to the persecuted ' 
saints of John's own day. It should do the same for I 
us as we, too, rest patiently in Christ, waiting the ven 
redemption of our soul and spirit — and ultimately om 
future body. 

The Lamb's wrath and its consequences (12-17). 

The opening of the sixth seal brings a description ol 
events which demand the day of ultimate judgment ir 
order to exhaust all the details presented. Seiss observes' 
however, "And yet it does not refer to the last acts ol 
that terrible drama. It is only the sixth seal, while then 
is yet a seventh to follow it. With all its terrors, it i 
only one link in the chain of judicial wonders which th 
great day will bring" (Ibid., p. 151). 

Walvoord makes a very interesting observation con 
cerning this si.xth seal which is worthy of our consider 
ation: "WhUe this is not the final breakup of the work 
as described later in Revelation, when a further perio< 
of terrible judgments will be poured on the world, i 
does seem to indicate that beginning with the sLxtl 
seal God is undertaking a direct intervention into humai 
affairs. The judgments of war, famine, and death, am 
the martyrdom of the saints have largely originated ii ( 
human decision and in the evil heart of man. Tb 
judgment described here, however, originates in Goi 
as a divine punishment inflicted upon a blasphemou 
world" (The Revelation of Jesus Christ, p. 136). 

Certsdnly the langjuage of this section is that whicl { 
portends great cataclysmic conditions upon the eartl 
There have been many attempts, down through the agei j 
to interpret this language as symbolic of great politica 
upheaval among the nations of the world. This interprt 
tation, however, is not necessary in the light of moder 
day science and the terrible possibilities of atomic an' 
hydrogen warfare. Although we would agree with Wa 
voord that this beginning of the final judgment wi 
originate with (3od as a di\ine judgment, this does no 
necessarily have to mean that He will not use man a 
His instrument in dispensing such judgment. All throug 
history God has used men and nations to inflict Hi 
judgments upon His people (elect and non-elect alike 
Many times He has even used those who were mor 
wicked and corrupt than the ones who were being juds 
ed (cf. the Assyrians and the Babylonians who wer 
used of God to judge His people, Israel). Thus, it i 
\'ei-y possible that God wUl use Communism — and eve 
Capitalism — and its peoples as instruments of jud; 
mcnt and doom. It is with this possibility in mind thr- 
we now want to look more in detail at the descriptio 
of this sixth seal, as given by the Apostle John. 

In verse 12, John mentions, first, "a great eartl 
quake," which seems to be the culmination of the man 
earthquakes which Jesus prophesied would become moi 
prevalent and destructive as the end draws nearer an 
nearer (cf. Matt. 24:7). It is very possible that th 

■hruary 3, 1968 

I'li^e Nine 

irtliquake is to be considered as a literal earthquake 
lining directly from the hand of God. However, it is 
SCI jjossible, in the light of modern warfare, that this 
-arthquake" may be man-induced — God allowing it 
I In' so as the very means of sending His judgment. 
i.s known that some of our undergi-ound atomic and 
i'drogen tests have caused shock waves as far as 100- 
iii miles away. Such, of course, could be intensified 
lanj- times by merely increasing the megatons of such 


Following the description of the earthquake. John says 
lat "the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and 
le moon became as blood." This could also be easily 
nduced today by atomic and hydrogen explosions above 
■ound which might easily hide from view the sun by 
10 dust and debris resulting from such blasts. The 
iciition, in verse thirteen, that "the stars of heaven 
■11 unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her un- 
nioly figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind," may 
oil be a literal cataclysmic upheaval in the heavens. 
r, this may also find duplication through satellite war- 
lire where satellites (e.g., Echo II), that shine brighter 
lan many of our stars, are shot down. And then there 
always the intriguing possibilities of the so-called 

(The language of verse 14 ("And the heaven departed 
I scroll when it is rolled together") was actually 
ed by some who observed our first atomic tests in 
e desert of New Mexico back in 1945. Anyone who has 
en on television the mushroom cloud of such an atomic 
ast, or has heard the deafening roar from the same, 
nnot help but at least be impressed by the similarity 
jf this description to what actually takes place in such 
J blast. 

j The latter part of verse 14 ("and evei'y mountain 
nd island were moved out of their places") has also had 
)me modern scientific illumination. In November of 
352, at Eniwetok (in the Pacific Ocean), one bomb 
?st wiped an island off the map, digging a crater a 
die wide and 175 feet deep in the Pacific floor. It was 
lid that this particular bomb only had a 14 megaton 
14,000,000 ton) yield and with Russia's detonation a 
>w years ago of bombs over 50 megatons, we ha\e some 
lea of what might be the end result if the arms race 
ets out of hand and God allows man to be his own 
leans of judgment. Scientists tell us that there already 
re bombs capable of producing the heat and light 
quivalent to 1,000 of our suns. 

Even verses 15, 16, which tell of the kings and great 
len and the rich men, etc., hiding themselves in the 
ens and in the rocks and in the mountains, can find 
juch modern application. We are told that our national 
pvernment has already built a new Pentagon of three 
jtories under one of the Cumberland mountains in 
Maryland. Also, there is an underground combat center 

for the North American Air Command under the Chey- 
enne mountains near Colorado, as well as several city 
and state government buildings being prepared to go 
underground. Such certainly makes this language of 
Revelation seem most relevant indeed! 

Of course, this is all speculation, and we do not pre- 
tend to present these facts as proof of how God is going 
to usher in these terrible judgments of the sixth seal — 
these are merely suggestive. We know that whatever 
method or means C5od chooses to use in bringing these 
c;'taclysmic judgments upon men - - they will be more 
than sufficient to accomplish His eternal pui-pose! 

In conclusion 

CJod's Word, in verses 16b, 17, speak of this coming 
tribulation judgment as the great day of the wrath of 
God and of His Lamb. Such "wrath" is but the other 
side of His love — love which demands justice and 
equity as well as mercy and grace. This does not con- 
tradict God's love but rather fulfills it in terms of sat- 
isfying all of His just demands. This does not suggest 
a change in His character but rather the natural out- 
working of all God's eternal purposes and the consum- 
mation of all history in the light of His etei-nal demands. 
The Word of God is very clear that free-will and choice 
end with death — after this, comes the judgment (cf. 
Heb. 9:27; 10:26, 27; etc.). We can now choose to reject 
Christ's offer of salvation — but we cannot choose to 
escape the ultimate consequence of such a choice, for, 
there will be no escape (Heb. 2:3)! 

Our last thought, from this section, comes in the form 
of a question: "and who shall be able to stand" (17b)? 
There is only one answer in the Word of God to this 
question — and that is, only those who have lived for 
Christ and willingly died for, and in. Him (vs. 9-11). 
The Psalmist is very clear in his statement that the 
ungodly shall not be able to stand such judgment (Psalm 
1:5b). All such face the wrath of the Lamb (Who is 
also the Lion of Judah) — without any possibility of 
mercy or grace. 

God and the Lamb's wrath are spoken of here in terms 
of the cataclysmic tribulation judgments. These, how- 
ever, cannot begin to compare with the horror and tor- 
ment of a soul left in an eternal lake of fire without 
any hope of escape. It is most important, then, that we 
listen to John as he teUs us of his vision of the book 
(scroll) with seven seals. Here we learn of God's etern- 
al redemptive purposes — and here we learn of the 
Lamb Who both reveals and fulfills the same. 

May God also help us to turn completely to this Lamb, 
Who alone can take away our sins and make a way of 
escape from God's eternal wrath upon the same. This 
seems to be the main burden of John and of the Spirit 
of God as this — and all of the seals — are opened. 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Evening Walks with Jesus 



Text: John 2:13-25 

Part IV 



Galilee, He went down to Capernaum with His 
mother, His brethren and His disciples. Capernaum was 
located on the shores of the beautiful Sea of Galilee and 
was some 15 to 18 miles ENE of Cana. It is thought 
that there may have been two reasons for this trip to 
Capernaum. First, it is thought that Jesus intended to 
make His headquarters there and so He moved the fam- 
ily also. The second possibility is that He came down 
to Capernaum to join a large caravan of people going 
up to Jerusalem for the Passover. Because of bandits 
and other dangers present on such a journey, people 
usually banded together and formed a caravan much 
like the people in America traveling west in the early 
days. These people didn't use covered wagons of course. 
Some traveled on camels, others on donkeys, but most 

For whatever reason Jesus went to Capernaum, we 
read in John 2:13 that He then went up to Jerusalem. 
We won't recount in detail again the usual route that 
travelers used from Galilee to Jerusalem except to say 
that it was a long, tiresome journey involving some 
three days time covering between 60 to 70 miles. After 
journeying south through Perea and crossing over the 
Jordan at, or near, Jericho, they had the difficult 14 
miles climb up to Jerusalem by way of the Jericho Road, 
or "The Ascent of Blood," as it was called, rising at 
the rapid pace from 820 feet below sea level to 2,500 feet 
above sea level in just 14 miles. 

John's Gospel places Jesus immediately in the temple. 
The temple stood on Mt. Zion one of tihe hills upon which 
Jerusalem was built. In Jesus' day it was called Her- 
od's Temple because Herod the Great, in trying to find 
favor with the Jews, and thus keep peace with them, 
and also to satisfy his own vanity, began to rebuild the 
temple in about 20 or 21 BC. Our text says that it had 
been 46 years in the building. The temple and its courts 
occupied an area of one stadium (Josephus), or 500 

cubits (Talmud), or 750 feet square, about 1/7 of 
mile. The courts were arranged in terraces from whic! 
the temple proper, being the highest of all, was easil. 
seen from any part of the city and presented an inr 
posing appearance. There were three courts plus th 
temple proper — the Outer Court, or the Court of th 
Gentiles, the Women's Court and the Inner Court — eac 
separated by great walls and entrances were provide 
through a number of gates. The gates into the Women' 
Court are said to have been 45 feet high and 60 fee 
wide, overlayed with gold and silver. The Eastern Gat( 
or Gate Beautiful, was made of Corinthian brass an 
was regarded as the principle gate. It was 75 feet hig 
and 60 feet wide and was decorated with many preciou 

The temple proper, including the porch which sui 
rounded it, was 100 cubits long and 100 cubits wide an 
100 cubits high. A 100 cubits is about 150 feet. 1 
rested, according to Josephus, upon a foundation of ma; 
si\e blocks of white marble, richly ornamented wit 
gold both inside and outside. Some of the stones wer 
65 to 70 feet long, 9 feet wide and 7 to 8 feet higl 
The temple was truly a significant structure. 

When Jesus arrived in this lovely temple. He foun 
those who sold o.xen, sheep, and do\'es, and the mone 
changers busily at work in the temple. The mone 
changers sat in the temple to change common curreiic 
into Jewish coins to be used for payment of the temjil 
tax required of all Jews. They charged about 12 pc 
cent for this service. We are told that the annual ii 
come from this practice was about one third of a millic 
dollars. This great system of graft had grown withi 
the temple under Annas, the e.x-High Priest. Corrui 
priests established in the temple a market for tlie sa! 
of sheep, oxen and doves, as well as, the money marke 
Wlien people brought animals to the temple for sacrii 
cial, they had tn he examined by appointf 

Ichruary 3, 1968 

Page Eleven 

jer.S(jns. Often the animals were prunoitnced unfit for 
;his use and the person had to buy another animal from 
:he temple market at five or six times the just price. 
This market, in the times of Jesus, was what the Rab- 
jinic literature called the "Bazaar of the Sons of 
When Jesus entered the temple, the Court of the 
entiles, it was reeking with the stench of cattle and 
:he noise of their lowing and bleating filled His ears, 
ilong with the clamor of the buyers and sellers in the 
narket — the quarrelling and wrangling of the money 
hangers. How disgusting this must have been to Jesus. 
A'hat emotions must have filled his breast! This market 
vas an established system of graft — an abomination 
a the House of God! 

Jesus, in righteous indignation, picks up pieces of heavy 
;ord lying about on the floor and plaits them into a 
vhip (the symbol of authority) and then "He drove 
hem all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the 
)xen; and poured out the changers money, and overthrew 
he tables; and said unto them that sold doves, take these 
;hings hence; make not my Father's house an house of 
nerchandising" (John 2:15, 16). Get out of here and 
juit making God's House a market place! We may 
vender how one man could drive out all these merch- 
mts. We can imagine that they must ha\e been taken 
lompletely by surprise. No one in authority had ever 
luestioned their presence before. They no doubt were 
shocked that someone would dare to do such a thing. 
Then there must have been something impressive and 
)verpowering about Jesus at this moment as he author- 
tively drives them out. And, too, there was the guilt 
)f their own consciences that would prevent them from 
irying out — they knew they were doing wrong. They 
)nly retreated for a little way and then, outside the 
temple, they got their heads together to plan a counter- 
)ffensive. And they were so very cunning. They reason 
;hat only the Messiah would have the right and auth- 
ty to do what Jesus had done, but they do not believe 
3im to be the Messiah. Hovve\-er, they return and falsely 
issume they suspect Him to be the Messiah and ask 
Him for a sign . , . some sign to prove that He was 
the Messiah. But Jesus would not bow to their insin- 
cerity. This was another temptation like Satan's at- 
tem,pt in the wilderness. If He were to perform some 
nighty miracle now would not the multitude acclaim 
Him as Messiah? The act of cleansing the temple was 
really a sign if they could have understood it. Jesus, 
knowing their thoughts, replies: "Destroy this temple, 

and in three days I will i-aise it up." This is a sign 
so significant that m its light, no man would e\'er have 
any excuse for doubting that Jesus Christ was the Son 
of God! This is also the first prediction of his death 
and resurrection. The Jews didn't understand; neither 
did the disciples until after his resuiTection. 

There are several things I would like for you to think 
about this evening. (1) Is Jesus pleased with what He 
finds us doing in the House of God, or in the name of 
the Church? Oh, we wouldn't think of permitting a 
cattle auction in the Narthex of our church, or even 
using it for commercial money changing. But I wi^n- 
der if God is pleased with our attitudes when we come 
to church . . . our reasons for coming . . . our thoughts 
while we are here. Do our hymns of praise rise from 
hearts sincere? Do we mouth what we really feel? Is 
our worship, or our relationship to God and to our fel- 
lowman free from hypocrisy? Do we come to church 
because of our love for God or our fear of hell? Do 
we come from force of habit or an earnest desire for a 
spiritual experience. (2) There was but one place and 
one time for Jesus to fittingly inaugerate His public 
ministry — in Jerusalem, in the temple! And at the 
most solemn time of the year — a time when the great- 
est numbers of people were gathered from every part 
of the empire. It is also worth noting that Jesus Ijegan 
His ministry with an act of holiness rather than an 
act of power. Satan had asked for a demonstration of 
His power; His mother had asked for the same in Cana; 
now the Jews in the temple ask Him for a demonstra- 
tion of His power. He wished to teach the nation that 
the supreme need was their spiritual cleansing, their 
purification as worshippers, their moral elevation as the 
people of God. He wished to suggest that He could bring 
such blessings if they would accept and follow Him. 
This is still the supreme need in the church today! 
That of spiritual cleansing and moral elevation of God's 
people! This can only come as wc yield ourselves un- 
reservedly to Him who is clean and pure and without 
sin! (3) This is another witness, or proof, of the Divin- 
ity of Jesus! We saw the witness of His Divinity as 
we walked with Him down to Jordan; then into the 
wilderness; we saw it in Cana of Galilee. Now He 
publically gives witness to His messiahship although He 
does it in a veiled manner which is not readily under- 
stood, but it is clearly understood later in the light of 
His death and resurrection. May our lives and our 
church ever bear witness to the Di\'inity of Jesus Christ 
our Lord! 

I'iige TweUe 

The Brethren Evangelist! 


Schmiller's Chatterbox — 

Hi there! 

It's evaluation time. You've liad five meetings now, 
so you sliould be able to do a pretty good job of looking 
over youi- gixjup and coming up with a fail- estimate of 
just how your Sisterhorxl is developing tliis year. Do 
you have any new members? If you've gained members, 
that's a pretty sure sign that you're on the right track. 
If your membership is the same, that's good, too, but 
not good enough. There must be something amiss some- 
where. If you've lost members, better do some quick 
checking as to why the lack of interest. Have your meet- 
ings been interesting? Do you try to make them a little 
different each month, or do you follow the same format 
meeting after meeting? Are you genuinely interested 
in making visitors feel welcome, or do j'ou sit in little 

cliques and ignore them? How's your group enthusiasm? 
Do you plan outside projects or do you get together 
only for that once-a-month meeting? If you have inter- 
esting meetings, make visitors feel at home, and plan t' 
few extra acti\'ities now and then, you should be abl 
to get your Sisterhood rolling and keep it that way. 

We haven't received any suggestions or bright ideas 
recently, so if your group has tried something unique 
and found it to work, why not let us know so it can be 
passed on to other societies. 

Watch for the next Chatterbox, when Schmiller will 
ha\'e some exciting news to report. It's already happen- 
ed, but you have to wait till next time to find out what 
it is. 


A reprint from The Brethren EvangeHst 
August 16, 1930 

by C. C. GRISSO 

Text: Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy 
fathers have set.— Prov. 22:28 Stand fast in the 
faith.— I Cor. 16:13 

UNDER THE LAW OF MOSES there was a curse 
pronounced upon him who would remove his neigh- 
bor's landmark. God's word to His ancient people was, 
"Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you," 
and Paul's word to the church was, "We thank God 
when ye recoi\'ed the word of God ye received it not 
as the word of man, but as it is of truth, the word of 
God." Yes, and John does not fail to add his word of 
warning to him \\\-\o would dare add unto or take from 
the teachings of the Book. Now, in this Book there are 
some landmarks that have been set, and it is the purpose 
of this message to sound a word of warning to him 
who would dare modify or misplace them. No move- 
ment will thrive that cheapens the Bible. The church 
tliat amends or otherwise changes its teaching does so 

at its own peril. The plea of a twentieth-century church 
must be none other than that set forth in the word of > 
God. No book must be left out, for "All scripture is giv- 
en by inspiration of God and is profitable. . . ." 

First, let me say Christ must be given His rightful 
place. What a shame that His Deity is being attacked 
in these days. He is spoken of as merely a good man. 
Who is He? Millions believe Him to be God. The word 
declares Him to be "God manifest in the flesh." The 
[ireacher or teacher who cannot accord Jesus the place 
and position the Word assigns Him ought to quit the 
pulpit and do something else for his living. There is 
just one side to this question of Christ's Deity and that 
is, "God was in Christ reconciling the world unto him- 

Second, Since Christ is God, he must be given author- 
ity in all things. The church will never come into her 
own until all who name the name of Christ will yield 
til him complete authority in all things. The place of 

February' 3, 1968 

rage Thirteen 

"Headship in the Church," belongs to Him alone. He 
must have the preeminence in all things. Before He left 
the world He told his disciples that He had all power 
both in heaven and in earth, and proceeded at once to 
give His orders. In this He stands alone. There is no 
pope or begowned prelate or priest to tell the individual 
Dr church what to do. We have our orders from our very 
Dwn adorable Lord, and we would resent any attempt 
jr any effort to deprive Him of this authority. The 
setting aside of our Lord's authority for "the teachings 
and commandments of men" has brought about the 
mutilated condition in which the church of God finds 
itself today. There is only one way out of the muddle 
iiid that is to restore to Christ the authority that be- 

in'j;s to Him. He is the head of the church, and in 
'\orything regarding its terms of admission and fellow- 
^hi|), He must be heard and He alone obeyed. God's 
ni'ssage from the heavens is ever the same, "This is 
ii\ son, hear ye him," and fearful will be the conse- 
luoiices if we fail to do so. All the creeds and con- 
xssinns and messages and articles of faith written by 
minspired men for the conduct of the church are worth- 
oss when our Lord speaks, for He speaks as one having 
uithority. This will continue through all the centuries 
mtil the end of time, even till He will deliver up His 
uithority to His Father. But why ascribe to Him all 
his authority unless we are willing to take orders from 
^im? We are told in these days that the doctrines of 
!^iaco are to be sought elsewhere than in His own words, 
i^ersonally I reject such a statement with all possible 
•mjiliasis. "Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly," 
says Paul. And again, "If any man teach otherwise, and 
;onsent not to wholesome words, even the Words of our 
[.■ord Jesus Christ — He is puffed up knowing nothing" 
I Tim. 6:3). Yes, yes to many to accept commandments 
rom God would be legality, but His Word still remains. 
Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which 

say?" Again, "Hereby we know that we know him, 
f we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know 
lim, anil keepeth not his ooniniandnients is a liar, and 
he truth is not in him" (I John 2:3, 4). 

If there was ever a time when the injunction of St. 
='aul needed to be sounded, when he said, "Stand fast 
n the Faith," it is now. Thanks be to God we have a 
iistinct and unqualified revelation from God, and the 
greatest privilege that any person has is to give the 
vorld this message. This is what the world is needing 
iiday. Not creed, but the old-fashioned, unadulterated 
;i>siiel of God's Son, the same kind that has warmed 
liis old world's heart for two thousand years and will 
■ontinue until the ends of the earth shall have heard 
t and been saved. 

I am glad to be identified with a church, though 
small, that is attempting to give to the world in these 
ast days an e.xample of obedience to the teachings of 
)ur Lord in all things. Our slogan has been, "The Whole 
Bible for the \Vhole World." Let us remind ourselves 
igain that in the year 1892 the conference of Brethren 
!hurches went on record and said, "The Brethren church 
lereby reaffirms her former position in renouncing and 
ejecting all creeds and disciplines of every description 
vhatever excepting her adopted creed, the Bible, and 
ve will neither accept, recognize, obey or honor anything 
)ut the inspired Word of God as our rule of faith and 
)rai'tioe." Now, as far as I am concerned that settles 
:he matter. Need I remind us again that we will need 

to be a bit careful lest we find ourselves "removing this 
landmark which our fathers have set." "Stand fast in 
the Faith." "Contend earnestly for the faith." What 
is this faith of which these apostles write? John must 
have understood what it was, for he says, "If there come 
any unto you and bring not this doctrine, receive him 
not into your house, neither bid him God speed, for he 
that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds." 
Yes, the faith is clear, and to say it is not is a reflection 
upon the wisdom of God. In these days they tell us it 
doesn't make any difference what a man believes, just 
as long as he believes. But this is not the teaching of 
God's Word. Listen again, "Whosoever abideth not in 
the docti'ine of Christ, hath not God. What is this 
doctrine? Pick up your Bible again and read it. It is 
the "all things whatsoever I have commanded you." This 
was the faith that comforted our fathers and mothers 
as the death-dew settled upon their brows. They have 
passed it on to us. What shall be our answer? Simply 

"Faith of our Fathers living still. 
We will be true to thee till death." 

I know full well that the men that are true to this 
faith are not being listened to with a great deal of 
sympathy. But it is a return to it that we are needing. 

If the church would have the power of the Almighty 
come upon her in these days as in the first century she 
will find it by a retracing of steps. The gospel message 
has lost none of its power. All that is needed is that 
we preach it. It will never grow old and lose its power 
to save. I should as soon expect the flowers to lose 
their fragrance, and the stars their brilliance, and the 
tides of the ocean their ebb and flow as to hear that the 
gospel of Jesus Christ was weakening or losing its pow- 
er over men. No, the gospel of the first centuiy is the 
gospel for this century and all who love the Lord will 
preach it. The old, old story will capture the world if 
given a chance. 

I love to think of an old battle-scarred hero of the 
cross, who has worn with honor the whole armor of 
God. The time of his departure has come. The old war- 
rior is laying aside his armor. He loosens his girdle, 
takes off his breastplate of righteousness and leaves it 
as a heritage to the church forever. He removes the 
dusty sandals from his weary feet; the King's chariot 
will bear him to his eternal home. He lifts his helmet, 
for the hand of God will place a crown upon his brow. 
He gives to Timothy the sword of the Spirit which he 
has wielded on many a hard fought battlefield. One 
stroke and the heart that loves as Christ is pulseless; 
the hand that wrote the living oracles is still; the tongue 
that preached the Gospel with mighty power is silent. 
A cheer from the mob, yes, but a cheer too from the 
angels. Make room, and witness the crowning of a man 
"who has fought a good fight and has kept the faith." 
Brethren, let us be true to our Lord in all that He has 
commanded. Let us never he ashamed to declare boldly 
before the world the things that He the great head of 
His Church has taught us to observe until His return. 
Let us remember what he said, "He that is ashamed 
of me and my words in this adulterous generation, the 
Son of man also will be ashamed of him when he Com- 
eth in the glory of his Father with the holy angels." If 
the landmarks of our faith are to be preserved; if they 
are to remain unmoved; if we are to guard carefully 
that which has been committed unto us; if we are to 

Pag:e Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

keep the faith; if we are to be more loyal to Christ and 
His Word than anything else in this world; it will not 
all be without some cost and some sacrifice. But what 
is the cost compared to the blessings that shall come to 
the obedient child of God throughout eternity? No sug- 
gestion (jf doubt should ever quiver in an utterance 
from the mouth of a herald of the cross of Calvary, for 
he is supiMJSed to declare to the people the Word of the 
living God, and if he can not do this in the utmost con- 
fidence, he has certainly mistaken his calling. 

Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter. 
Preach the Gospel just as it is laid down in the New 
Testament. Give the great program of Jesus for His 
church the forefront, namely, "Teaching; them to observe 
all things whatsoever I have commanded you." This is 
the duty of every preacher and teacher of the gospel 
of Jesus Christ, and while it is a great privilege and a 

high honor to be called unto such a service, it at the 
same time carries with it a \'ery weighty responsibility. 

I paused one day beside the blacksmith's door, 
And listened to the an\'il ring the evening chime. 
And, looking in, I saw upon the floor. 
Old hammers worn with beating years of time. 

How many anvils have you had said I, 
To wear and batter out those hammers so? 
Just one he answered with a twinkling eye, 
The anvil wears the hammers out you know. 

And so, I thought the Anvil of God's Word, 
For ages skeptics' blows have beat upon; 
Yet though the noise of infidel was heard. 
The Anvil is unworn — the hammers, gone! 

a report from 


GREETINGS from the Smithville Brethren Church. 
Once again we want to shai-e with yoii some of our 
activities of the past year and our program (under ded- 
icated leadei-ship) for the year before us. 

Sinithville Brethren hosted Ohio District Conference 
during the dates of June 26-29, 1967. Rev. Turcsanyi of 
the local Lutheran Church spoke on the opening evening 
and was well received. On Tuesday, following the even- 
ing service, the Senior Youth sponsored an ice cream 
supper for the conference. The conference closed with 
a missionai-y banquet served at the Methodist Church. 

Northeastern Ohio Woman's Missionary Rally was 
hold at the Smithville Church on October 14, 1967. Mrs. 
Ray Aspinall was the speaker of the day. In the after- 
noon session, after the luncheon served at the Methodist 
Church, Mrs. Neva Murray, mother of Marilyn Aspinall, 
showed pictures of her trip to the Bretlhren Mission Field 
in Argentina. 

A Missionai-y Conference was hold on November 5, 6, 7, 
1967, when the Aspinalls, Ray and Marilyn, shared with 
us the ministry of the Brethren in South America. On 
Sunday, November 5, the Senior Youth served the kickoff 
dinner for the Aspinalls. 

In October the Smithville Youth were hosts to N.E.O. 
Youth Rally held at Camp Bethany. 

On Sunday Evening, February 26, 1967, an ordination 
service was held at which time Mr. and Mrs. Paul Shank 
were ordained to the offices of Deacon and Deaconess. 
District Evangelist Charles Munson and Pastor Rinehart 
were in charge of the formal service. 

Smithville had campers in all si.x summer camps. 
Thirty-one youth availed themselves of this opportunity 
at Camp Bethany. Our Sunday school bears half the 
expense of each camper. Sixteen attended Family 

The Open House for parents and guests on June 16 ' 
1967, marked the conclusion of two weeks of Vacatior 
Bible School. The average attendance of students and 
teachers for the ten nights was 97. Forty dollars wen 
collected as the project money which was sent to the St 
Petersburg, Florida, church. Mrs. Don Dravenstott di 
rected the scIkwI for the second year. 

Each year the Smithville community holds Holy Weel 
services at the various churches, a responsibility of thi 
Green Township Ministerial Association. At the firs 
service. Palm Sunday evening. Rev. Charles Munson wa: 
guest speaker at the Smithville Brethren Church. 

Fi-om April 2 through June 4, 1967, the Senior an( 
Junior High Youth sponsored a film series entitled: "Th'' 
Book of Acts." The series included daily Scriptur 
readings correlated with the film. There were question 
on the Scripture and time for twenty minutes of di; 
cussion of the questions, at the close of the film. Th 
youth were in charge of the opening devotions and o: 
fering. The offering, above the cost of the film, wen 
toward the National Youth Project. It was an excellen 
film series and one that can be recommended to an 
Brethren Church. 

An adult pastor's class met during the Sunday sOhot 
hour from May 21 to June 25, 1967. The class was hel' 
for interested nonmembers who were not acquainte 
with Brethren teachings and for members who had ui 
answered questions. 

James Schaub was ordained into the Brethren mil' 
istiy on July 30, 1967, at 2:30 p.m. Rev. Ray Klinge: 
smith preached the ordination sermon. Dr. Ji>seph Shult 
Rev. Virgil Meyer and Rev. Donald Rinehart assisted 
the ordination services. After the 2:30 service, a reci 
tion for Rev. and Mrs. Schaub was held in the felloe 
ship rooms. It was a great blessing for the Smith\il 

February 3, 1968 

Page Fifteen 

;hurch to share in calling this fine young couple to the 
Christian Ministry. 

For the third year we have supported Ray and Marilyn 
Lspinall in their ministry in South America. Last year 
5 per cent of our total budget was used for benevolent 
iving. We do have concern beyond the walls of our own 
huroh. - 

Our Feast of Ingathering, a day we have observed 
5r three years, was held on September 27, 1%7. It was 
ideed a day of ingathering when our gifts of $2,136.36 
3r Ashland Theological Seminary exceeded our goal (for 
lis year) of $2,000. In the evening we witnessed the 
igathering of seven adults and youth to the fellowship 
f the Brethren church. 

Looking ahead to a building project in 1968, Loyalty 
unday was observed on November 19, 1967. Church 
jyalty progi-am material was sent to the members by 
le Building Finance Committee prior to Loyalty Sun- 
ay. And for a period of four Sundays, cuts of the new 
nancel were used on the bulletin covers. On Loyalty 
unday members turned in their pledges for the building 
roject. At noon a carry-in fellowship meal was served. 

The Christmas season was properly observed with the 
Hanging of the Greens" on December 3, 1967, when the 
inctuary and class rooms were decorated by the young 
nd older, and the evening concluded with devotions and 
sssert smorgasbord in the fellowship hall; the "Carol 
ing" on December 10 was in charge of David Plank; the 
hiistian Ambassadors' party at the church was held 
1 December 15 for all the children of the churdh; and 
pen House at the parsonage was on Saturday, Decem- 
;r 16, when our Pastor and wife entertained 120 guests 
om 5 to 9 o'clock in the evening; a program by the 
lildren and play "Greater than Gold" by the Senior 
outh and directed by Mrs. Floyd Ramseyer, on Decem- 
jr 17; and a "Candle Light" service on Christmas eve, 
):30 to midnight. The offering was given to the Massil- 
•n Brethren Church. 

Within the year, classroom blackboards, bulletin boards, 
film strip projector, a mimeograph, an addressograph, 
id an air conditioner for the pastor's study were purch- 

In the year of 1967, and more specifically on April 
1, a little bundle of happiness, Melinda Lou, came to 
ve with the parsonage family. Already she has a host 
: friends. 

Again this year, 1968, on Wednesday evening, January 
eight Home Study groups were started with a total 
ttendance of 72, an increase of 39 over last year. The 
iformal atmosphere of the home affords a fine oppor- 
inity to become better acquainted with the Bible and 
ith eadh other. 

We are planning a Leadership Training Course for all 
iults beginning Simday evening, January 14 through 
[arch 3. By attendance, willingness will be e.xpressed 
)r service at the present time or some future date. 

The morning service on January 7, 1968, was set apart 
as Family Day. It was a day when church families were 
present for the last morning service in the sanctuary 
before remodeling. The membership list was read and 
families were recognized. The last evening service in- 
cluded a baptismal service. 

Monday, January 8, was the day of the beginning of 
the work project which includes chancel, entrance, bal- 
cony, new pews and lights, Moeller pipe organ, floor 
coverings for classrooms, corridor and steps, all to be in 
readiness for the Easter service. We bear in mind that 
"E.xcept the Lord build the house they labor in vain." 
So with Faith, Prayer and Loyalty — together — (with 
Christ) we go forward in this building project and all 
service with the church. 

Mrs. Harvey Amstutz 
Corresponding Secretary 


WITHIN the past year, there have been two couples 
in the First Brethren Church of Flora, Indiana, 
who have celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversar- 
ies. They are: 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pope 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pope celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary on Sunday, July 30, 1967, with open 
house from 2 to 5 o'clock in the afternoon. 

They were united in marriage by Rev. W. T. Lytle on 
August 1, 1917. Both are lifelong residents of the Flora 
community having moved to Flora from the farm a year 
ago. Both are members of the First Brethren Church. 

They have one daughter, Mrs. John Miller of Flora, 
and two grandchildren. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoy Musselman 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoy Musselman celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary on Sunday, December 17, 1967, with 
open house from 2 to 5 o'clock in the afternoon. 

They were married on December 20, 1917, in the bride's 
home west of Bringhurst, Indiana, by the Rev. W. T. 

They have lived their entire lives in Carroll County, 

Mr. Musselman served as trustee of Monroe Township 
and Auditor of Carrol County. 

They have two daughters, Mrs. Donald Duff of Flora, 
and Mrs. M. K. Snyder of Bringhurst. There are five 

Both are members of the First Brethren Church, Flora, 

Gladys Flora 
Corresponding Secretary 

Why not join the 

I'agc Sixtfeii 

The Brethren Evangelist! 


(The B 

THIS YEAR there is g-ood news and some sad 
news to report. All of us here have been 
keyed to a hig-h pitch, racing with time in an at- 
tempt to get in the new building this winter. We 
came within days of making it. The workers came 
in the middle of October to put on the roof, which 
was to be a three or four day job. After working 
one day the weather broke, and there hasn't been 
fit weather since. Everything else has had to 
wait for the roof to be covered. It looks now as 
though nothing can be done until the weather 
breaks in the spring. This is not only very dis- 
appointing but quite costly in that we feel we are 
losing about $1,000 per week on income we could 
be receiving in the new building. This, of course, 
has upset our budget tremendously in that we will 
not have several montlis income we had counted 
on. We estimate some $20,000 loss in income be- 
cause of the weather. This pretty well takes care 
of the sad news as to the new building. Another 
item we regret to report is the passing of one 
known by hundreds of the Brethren personally, 
and by all Brethren through his writings "Spiri- 
tual Meditations" which appeared for years in 
The Brethren Evangelist. Our brother, Rev. Dyoll 
Belote left us this last December. He had been 

a pastor in the Brethren denomination for 50 
years. He came to the Home along with his wife 
in 1954. He served the Lord to the full of his 
ability until the end. 

Now for some good news from the Home. Our, 
house is full to capacity, all rooms and beds m 
the new building are taken and there are almosti 
daily calls from persons wanting to come to the 
Home. The response from the Brethren has been 
overwhelming. We appreciate fully the many de-r 
mands on the average church member in oui 
denomination. Almost all churches are in some . 
sort of building or expanding program of theii 
own, and with all of the other channels of the 
denomination needing support, we feel the sup- 
port you have given the Home is nothing short! 
of wonderful. It is our hope that the Brethrer 
will send enough in gifts to furnish the ne\\ 
building; this would be a great lift. Refer te , 
your November 25 copy of the Brethren Evan- 
gelist for a list of the things needed. 

The Brethren's Home is a real witness in ai 
area of our society where there is a growing 
need. Fifty years ago the elderly could keep uj 

rfhruarj 3, 1968 

Page Seventeen 



with the pace set by society, but it is growing 
increasingly difficult for older people to keep 
pace with the world around them. The speed of 
living has become such that it is absolutely neces- 
sary to fence off areas where the living speed 
can be held to the pace of the elderly. Prospects 
are that people are to live longer, and the pace 
of society is to increase. Those of us who are still 
looking forward to old age will have even a great- 
er need for Homes such as ours. The new build- 
ing here is planned with the attempt to antici- 
pate the needs of the future so that it will be a 
blessing to our denomination and a witness for 
Christ for many years to come; just as the build- 
ing we now occupy is a testimony of the vision 
and foresight of our predecessors. It is regret- 
table that the records do not show how many 
persons have found shelter and care in this build- 
ing down through the years. Whatever the num- 
ber, the Brethren can be justly proud of a job 
well done through the years. All those who have 
worked here have come to know the satisfaction 
that comes with serving others when their need 
is the gi'eatest. 

Speaking of those who work here, we are happy 
to report that we have an excellent staff. Many 

people don't realize how many persons it takes 
to keep this Home running smoothly. We in our 
society have become so used to thinking of a job 
as an eight hour a day, -10 hour a week proposi- 
tion that we give little or no thought to the diffi- 
culty of covering 24 hours a day, 7 days a week 
with the necessary nursing, cooking, cleaning, rec- 
ord keeping, grounds keeping, and supervising 
that goes into a place of this nature. The birth- 
day and holiday cards you send to the employees 
are so welcome. I know it is a great lift for them 
to know there are people they don't even know 
who will take the time to express appreciation 
for the job being done. 

It is about time again for the Benevolent Offer- 
ing. ]\Iay I urge you to an extra effort. Your 
Benevolent Board, under the enthusiastic lead- 
ership of its president, Dorman Ronk, has worked 
hard and they have rendered a service to the 
Brethren that is to be highly commended. Their 
best reward would be an all time high in the 
Benevolent Offering this year. 

Here is a list of members and employees along 
with their birthdays. Thank you for remember- 
ing them, it is truly appreciated. 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Residents of the Brethren's Home 
and their Birthdays 

Mr. Alpheus Lehman 

January 7 

Mrs. Grace Porte 

January 24 

Mrs. Rhoda Summy 

February 1 

Mrs. Hilda McCarty, employee 

February 11 

Mr. Roy Stonebraker 

. March 3 

Mrs. Mary Maus 

March 4 1 

Rev. William L. Livingston, Administrator 

March 7 V 

Karen Sue Livingston (10 years old) 

March 12 ^ 

Mrs. lona Dobbins 

March 29 

Mrs. Orpha Beekley 

April 6 

Mi's. Anna Walter, employee 

April 19 

Mrs. Izora Julius 

May 10 H 

Mrs. Myrtle Rainey 

May 23 

Mr. Ross Immel 

June 7 

Rev. Robert Porte 

June 16 

Mrs. Doris Yates, employee 

July 15 

Mrs. Ada Schriml 

July 22 

Mr. Oscar Scott 

August 10 

Mrs. Goldie Stonebraker 

August 22 

Mrs. Saline Scott 

August 23 

Mrs. Grace Paxson 

September 18 , 

Mrs. Hattie Mann 

September 19 

Mrs. Wanda Best, employee 

September 22 

Mrs. Mary Wagoner, employee 

September 24 

Mrs. Ethel Dekker, employee 

October 4 

Mrs. Jessie Maus 

October 4 

Mrs. May Kreitzer 

October 15 

Mrs. June Livingstone, Matron 

October 19 

Mrs. Nora Mills 

October 23 

Mrs. Lottie Johnson, RN, employee 

October 30 

Mrs. Edith Ki-oft 

November 18 

Mrs. Maud Clingenpeel 

November 25 

Mrs. Ruth Burge, employee 

November 29 



( l>ruary 3. 1968 

Page Nineteen 


A Bible Study at General Conference, 
Winona Lake, Indiana, August 29, 1930 

FT IS QUITE NATURAL that a church paper editor 
should ask that question. Any man charged with the 
-esponsibility of making a paper for his denominational 
:onstituents will be concerned about it. It is not many 
nonths since we saw this question at the head of an 
editorial in The Congregationalist, and that wide-awake 
;ditor was commenting on and quoting from a discus- 
sion on the same theme by the distinguished editor of 
The Presbyterian Advance. That is the big concern of 
ill the editors — what the people are reading, if any- 
thing. And by the people, we mean the rank and file 
3f our church membership, and not the ministers. We 
know pretty well what the preachers are reading. They 
may not be reading as widely and deeply as they ought, 

Eut they are being continually prodded forward into 
^ icher fields of reading. As our contemporary points out, 
ithe minister's reading is one of the most fruitful themes 
for discussion among ministers, but little thought is given 
•to what the occupants of the pews are reading. Besides, 
jby far the larger percent of the articles received by 
editors for publication in their papers are suited prim- 
arily for ministers and contain little of interest for 

( What the editors would like to do is to stir up the 
jministers to a greater concern as to the amount and 
ikind of the people's reading. We believe that is a part 
lof the minister's responsibility. His shepherding care 
.should take into account the reading upon which his 
^spiritual charges are feeding their souls. Here is to be 
(found one of the springs of conduct. People think in the 
•line of their predominate reading; they act in accord- 
ance with what they think; and the effectiveness of their 
witness for Christ and the church is dependent upon the 
way they act and conduct themselves before the world. 
IMinisters are generally anxious that their members shall 
ibe properly instructed regarding religious doctrine, but 
itheir instruction by word of mouth will have little perm- 
ianent value if parishioners are encouraged through care- 
lessness on the part of the pastor and through aggress- 
jiveness on the part of some cunning advocate of error 
|to spend their reading hours poring over some pagan 
! philosophy. Ministers are rightly concerned about the 
ideals their church people cherish with reference to 
social relations and civil righteousness, but the effects 
of their preaching will be largely lost on those who 
(feast their eyes on magazines that glorify impurity and 
crime, unless there is strong effort made to discourage 
such indulgence, and to direct their reading in ways of 
purity and righteousness. A minister has a right to be 
concerned about what his people read. He has not only 
a right but a duty, and that minister is not fully dis- 
charging his responsibility who does not inquire into the 

Those who have made no investigations may have 
some disappointments coming when they begin to dis- 
cover what their people really do read. The Congrega- 
tionalist says, "Assuming that the reading habits of 
church parishioners are not greatly different from the 
reading habits of the community in general, the Advance 
refers to certain studies regarding the reading habits of 
adults that have recently been gathered together and 
classified by William S. Gray, Dean of the College of 
Education in the University of Chicago, and Miss Ruth 
Monroe, formerly Assistant Librarian in the Cleveland 
Public Library. Evidence from these studies, says the 
Advance, is so strongly that the reading habits of Amer- 
ican adults are mainly bad habits, that it is time that 
ministers, 'who are supposed to give time and effort to 
the cultivation of good habits, should seriously consider 
the questions. What do parishioners read?' 

"Dr. Clark (Editor of 'The Advance') challenges the 
assumption that the people at large really read at all, 
and says that this assumption that America is rapidly 
becoming a nation of readers is based upon somewhat 
flimsy evidence. Much of the supposed increase of read- 
ing on the part of the general public, the Advance points 
out, is confined to newspapers and periodicals. The fact 
that in 1921 the morning newspapers of the country 
had a circulation of 10,144,260, and in 192.5 a daily cir- 
culation of 12,365,215, an increase of almost 22 per cent, 
while the population of the counti-y increased only 6 
per cent during that same period, is not regarded as any 
vital evidence of an increase in serious reading. It is 
certain says the Advance, that more people look at pub- 
lications called newspaper, but has there been any real 
increase in the amount of serious reading given to worth 
while news? Much of the increased circulation of news- 
papers, the Advance further points out, has been in the 
tabloid field, and our contemporar.v quotes from an 
editorial in the New Republic of May 25, 1927, the state- 
ment that during the preceding six years the tabloids of 
New York City had gained over 1,500,000 in circulation, 
while the standard newspapers had lost 175,000. 

"Turning to the readings of books, the Advance ack- 
nowledges that more books are being read but inquires 
what kind. An interesting statement indicates that the 
increase in the number of books published reached its 
peak about 1910 and that the number has since been 
declining. While magazine reading has greatly increased, 
it is pointed out that cultural magazines have still rela- 
tively small circulation in comparison with magazines of 
the "True Story," and more sensational type. 

"The evidence quoted from the book referred to indi- 
cated that a great part of the reading, even of students, 
teachers and professional men, as determined by wide 
questionnaires, was of noncultural value. The majority 

Page Twenty 

The Urethreii EvaiiKclisI ■ 

of answers indicated that reading was done oitiier for 
relaxation or to satisfy curiosity, and out of over 3,000 
answers only thirty-five have admitted reading 'for 
spiritual guidance.' " 

One cannot face such a situation without being sober- 
ed at the tremendous responsibility that rests upon the 
cultural leaders, and particularly the ministers, for lift- 
ing the people up to a higher plane. And the challenge 
to the jjastor is particularly direct and strong when one 
considers that the cultural standards of the rank and 
file of the church meml)ership is thought to be not much 
alDove that of those having no church connections. Here 
is an opportunity for service of a cultural and spiritual 

ualiue that has been largely overlooked. And as a re-' 
suit the church has suffered a loss intellectually andi 
spiritually that has had its influence in every line of 
Christian activity. We want to do what we can to over- 
come this fault and to encourage our people to read, 
and to read those things that will tend to make them 
more intelligently and loyally devoted to Christ and 
His church. To this end we are making our appeal for 
the cooperation of every pastor and lay leader who shall 
read these words. Let us concern ourselves about what 
our people read, and feel ourselves responsible for bring- 
ing them face to face with the fact that it is the i-ead- 
ing of Brethren literature that will build up Brethren 
convictions and loyalties. 

Pittsburgh, Penna. Rev. Richard God- 
win has just recently assumed the 
pastorate at our church in Pitts- 
burgh. He has just closed his pas- 
torate at the Pleasant View Breth- 
ren Church in Vandergrift, Penn- 
sylvania. Also Mr. and Mrs. John 
Lynch of the Pleasant View Breth- 
ren Church have moved to Pitts- 
burgh to assist in the work with 
Rev. and Mrs. Godwin. 

Pleasant View (Vandergrift), Penna. 
Rev. John T. Young has accepted 
the responsibilities of pastor of the 
church until a full time pastor can 
be obtained. Mr. Clarence Hesketh 
will assist in this labor. 

Vinco, Penna. Rev. Henry Bates re- 
ports that the parsonage has a new 
teleplione number. The number is 
322-1177 and is a private line. 

Johnstown II, Penna. Rev. and Mrs. 
Joseph Hanna have recently ac- 
cepted the pastorate at Johnstown 
II. Bro. Hanna will complete his 
work at the Ashland Theological 
Seminary this June and will then 
assume the full pastorate. At the 
present he and Mrs. Hanna are 
traveling to Johnstown each Friday 
evening and returning on Sunday. 
They are living in the parsonage 
during this time. 

Rev. Alvin Shifflett just recently 
closed his pastorate at Johnstown 
II and is serving the church in 
Stockton, California. 

Goshen, Ind. Rev. Richard Allison re- 
ports that the annual Missionary 
Conference was conducted on Janu- 
ary 27, 28 and 30, 1968. Rev. Ray- 
mond Aspinall, missionary on fur- 
lough from Argentina, was the 
guest speaker. The New Paris, In- 
diana, church Ohoir joined the Gosh- 
en choir for a special number on 
Sunday e\'ening. 

North Manchester, Ind. Rev. Wood- 
row Immel reports that Rev. Rich- 
ard Allison, pastor of the First 
Brethren Church in Goshen, Ind., 
held revival ser\'ices at the church 
from No\ember 12 to 19, 1967, us- 
ing the theme "The New Life." 

South Bend, Ind. Rev. John Byler re- 
ports that the South Bend Breth- 
ren Sunday School is engaged in 
an attendance contest with the 
Coimty Line Brethren Sunday 

The church is now in a building 
and remodeling program which is 
pn),gressing vei'y well. The Evan- 
gelical Church Building Corixira- 
tion has assisted in this program. 


KIMMEL. Ml-. Myron E. Kimmel, 
a lifelong member of the Brethren 
Church, went to be with his Lord on 
Saturday, January 13, 1968. Brother 
Kimmel had united with the Brethren 
Church in Gratis, Ohio, attended ASh-' 
land College, and made his home in 
Ashland, Ohio. He was a Deacon 
and usher in the Park Street Breth- 
ren Church at the time of his death, ' 
having served faithfully in many oth- 
er capacities throughout the thirty 
years he was affiliated with this 

Bro. Kimmel was a member of the 
Ashland College Board of Trustees 
and served actively on various com-i 
mittees of the Board. 

Memorial ser\'ices were conducted j 
in the Park Street Brethren Church, I 
Ashland, Ohio, with the pastor offi- 
ciating. Re\-. Charles Munson assist- 
ed in the services. Interment was ini 
the Ashland County Memorial Park.' 
George W. Solomon, Pastor 

• • • 
MORFORD. Mr. Harry Morford.i 

age 80, passed away on December 4, 
1967, at Melbourne, Florida. Ser\aces 
were held at North Manchester, Indi-i 
ana, on December 18, 1967, with Rev. \ 
Woodrow Immel in charge. Mr. Mor-i^ 
ford was a member of the First i 
Brethren Church in North Manches-i 
ter, Indiana. 

Mrs. Ma.xine Burton ■ 

Recording Secretary 

* * * 

CHAMBERLAIN. Mrs. Esther" 
Chamberlain passed away on Sun-i 
day, December 17, 1967, and was buivi 
led at Mt. Pleasant Cemeteiy on 
December 20. 

She was a charter member of the 
Ardmore Brethren Church of South ; 
Bend, Indiana, and had been a de- 

February 3, 1968 

Pago Twenty-one 

/oted Sunday school teacher in the 
Mursery Department for many years. 
She was also a Deaconess. 

Rev. C. William Cole, her pastor, 
jfficiated at the memorial services. 
Geraldine Szczypiorski 
Recording Secretary 
* * ti 

GLASS. Mrs. George (Mary Ellen) 
jlass, age 56, passed away on Sun- 
lay, December 10, 1967, at Warsaw, 

Funeral services were held on Wed- 

hesday, December 13, at the Calvary 

jE.U.B. Church at Syracuse, Indiana, 

[vvith the Rev. Kennard Robinson of- 

iciating. Burial was in the Lees- 

urg, Indiana, Cemetery. 

Mrs. Glass was a member of the 

irst Brethren Church in Milford, 


Rev. Albert O. Curtright 

* =H * 

BURGESS. Mrs. Mildred Burgess, 
jge 48, passed away on Sunday, De- 
cember 10, 1967, after a few days 

Mrs. Burgess was a member of the 
First Brethren Church of Milford, 

Funeral services were held at the 
church on Tuesday, December 12, 
With the undersigned in charge. Bur- 
ial was in the Milford Cemetery. 

Rev. Albert O. Curtright 

I BURGESS. Paul E., age 51, of 
Warsaw, Indiana, passed away after 
Ithree days illness at the Fort Wayne 
Lutheran Hospital, Fort Wayne, In- 
diana, on Saturday, December 16, 

! Funeral services were held at the 
iFirst Brethren Church of Milford, 
Indiana, on December 19, one week 
after his wife's burial. The under- 
feigned was in charge of the services; 
burial was in the Milford Cemetery. 
Rev. Albert O. Curtright 

* * * 

GARY. Alma Gary of New Paris, 
Indiana, passed away on December 
20, 1967, at the age of 78. She was 
5a member of the Brethren Church 
.for approximately 70 years. Memor- 
?ial services were conducted at the 
First Brethren Church in New Paris 
l)y the undersigned. Interment was 
in the South Union Cemetery, Nappa- 
nee, Indiana. 

Rev. Waldo Gaby 

* * * 

MILLER. Clarence Miller, a mem- 
ber of the First Brethren Church in 

New Paris, Indiana, passed away on 
Januai-y 7, 1968. His wife, Jessie, pre- 
ceded him in death on December 9, 
1967. Interment was in the Violett 
Cemetery, Waterford, Indiana. 

Rev. Waldo Gaby 

* * :F 

WERTZ. Mrs. Julia A. Wertz of 
Conemaugh, Pennsylvania, went to be 
with her Lord on December 31, 1967, 
at the age of 83. She was a member 
of the Conemaugh Brethren Church. 
Funeral services were conducted on 
Wednesday, Januai-y 3, 1968, with her 
pastor. Rev. Don Rager, officiating. 
Interment was in the Headricks 
Cemetery, Conemaugh, Pennsylvania. 

Walter C. Wertz of Conemaugh is 
a son of Mrs. Wertz. 


Congratulations are in order for 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bame of Flag- 
staff, Arizona, upon the birth of a 
daughter on December 9, 1967. She 
weighed 6 pounds and 3 ounces and 
has been named Paula Jeanette. The 
mother is the former Carolyn Immel. 

The proud grandparents are the 
Rev. and Mrs. Woodrow Immel of 
North Manchester, Indiana, and Mr. 
Donald Bame of Cleveland. Ohio. 


SINK-HENRY. Miss Helen Sink be- 
came the bride of Dr. R. W. Henry 
at the First Brethren Church of 
Flora, Indiana, on Sunday, January 
14, 1968, at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. 

Tlie undersigned read the double 
ring ceremony. Mrs. Henry is an 

acti\'e member of the First Brethren 
Church in Flora, Indiana. 

Rev. Clarence R. Kindley 

• * * 

BECK-MILLER. Miss Sue Beck 
became the bride of Mr. James Mil- 
ler on December 17, 1967, at the First 
Brethren Church, North Manchester, 
Indiana. Mrs. Miller is a member of 
the North Manchester church. Rev. 
Woodrow Immel performed the cere- 

Mrs. Maxine Burton 
Recording Secretary 

* * « 

The following couples were united 
in marriage recently in the Linwood 
Brethren Church, Linwood, Mai-y- 
land, by the undersigned: 

Linda E. Blacksten to Mr. Donald V. 

Hough to Mr. Louis E. Messier. 

HOUGH-DUNCAN. Miss Rebecca 
A. Hough to Mr. Leo E. Duncan. 

on I. Dayhoff to Mr. Earle H. Brew- 

Rev. Haj's K. Logan 


Sarasota, Fla. — 4 by baptism, 3 by 
letter . . . Pleasant View (Vander- 
grift) , Pa. — 9 by baptism . . . Vinco, 
Pa. — 3 by baptism . . . Gretna, Ohio 
— 2 by letter . . Ardmore (South 
Bend), Ind. — 6 by baptism . . . Bur- 
lington, Ind. — 2 by baptism. 


New York (EP) — A collection of 
papyrus drawings and yellowed texts 
in Egyptian hieroglyphic and hieratic 
script, long believed lost and linked 
to some scriptures of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 
were turned o\-er to Church leaders 

The material, according to UPI, 
had been discovered in the Egyptian 
archives of the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art by Dr. Aziz S. Atiya, an ex- 
pert on Middle East antiquity, while 
doing research there. 

He called it "one of my most im- 
portant finds." 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 


passes away 

REV. DYOLL BELOTE, age 87, passed away on Friday 
afternoon, December 29, 1967, at the Brethren's 
Home, Flora, Indiana. 

Rev. Belote was born on September 13, 1880, in Green- 
field Township, LaGrange County, Indiana. He attended 
the public scliools in Indiana and graduated from Howe, 

Indiana, High School in 1899. He received his B.E. de- 
gree from Ashland College in 1900. 

He served the following pastorates during his ministry: 
Aurelia, Iowa; Buckeye City (Danville), Ohio; Listie and- 
Rosedale, Pennsylvania; Gretna and WilUamstown, Ohio; 
Burlington and Darwin, Indiana; Ashland and Canton, 
Ohio; and Union town, Pennsylvania. He also served in 
Moxham Pennsylvania and Linwood, Maryland. 

Rev. Belote also served the Brethren Church in other 
capacities during his career. He served as subscription 
agent for The Brethren Evangelist; as Business Manager 
of the Brethren Publishing Company; as Office Editor, 
of The Brethren Evangelist; President of the National i 
Brethren Ministerial Association for several years; and 
of course, on many committees and boards both on the 
district and national levels. 

He was married to Nelle Florence Miller of the Gretna, 
Ohio, Brethren Church on August 8, 1911. One child, a , 
daughter, lived only four days. Mrs. Belote passed away : 
in 1956. 

Bro. Belote was a resident of the Brethren's Homei 
since July of 1954. 

Memorial services were conducted at the Brethren's 
Home on Sunday afternoon, December 31, 1967, with ■ 
Rev. Clarence Kindley, pastor of the First Brethren j 
Church of Flora, Indiana, in charge. Rev. Belote was a , 
member of the Flora church. Burial was in the Maple: 
Lawn Cemetery of Flora, Indiana. 


passes away 

REV. EDWIN BOARDMAN, a member of the faculty 
of Ashland Tlieological Seminary and an ordained 
minister in the Brethren Church, passed to his eternal 
reward on January 8, 1968. Brother Boardman was a 
graduate of Iowa State Teacher's College. He received 
the degrees of B.Th., M.Th., and M.A. in history at 
Princeton University. He completed residence work on 
S.T.D. at Temple University. 

Rev. Boardman was ordained to the Christian ministry 
in the First Brethren Church in Philadeli)hia, Penna. in 
1916. He served student pastorates in Accident, Md.; 
Terra Alta, W. Va.; Gretna, Ohio; and Middlebranch, 
Ohio. He served full time Brethren pastorates in Hud- 
son, Iowa; Waterloo, Iowa; Accident, Md.; Terra AUm, 
W. Va.; Hagerstown, Md. Interim pastorates at Canton, 
Louisville, and Ashland, Ohio. He had also served the 
Mifflin EUB Church as interim for a number of years. 

From 1922 ■ 24 Brother Boardman served as a Breth- 
ren Missionai-y to Argentina. 

February 3, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 

Since 1949 he has been a member of the faculty of 
Ashland Theological Seminary serving as Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy and Religion. 

Rev. Boardman was honored recently by being astied 
to write a brief history of The Brethren Church for the 
latest edition of Encyclopedia Bi-itannica. 

Memorial Services were conducted in the Park Street 
Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio, with Rev. George W. 

Solomon, pastor, officiating. Rev. Delbert Flora of A.T.S. 
and Rev. Henry Bates, pastor of the Vinco, Pennsylvania, 
Brethren Church and a long time acquaintance and 
friend of the Boardmans, assisted in the services. In- 
terment was in the Ashland Cemetery. 

His wife, Muriel, continues to reside at their home in 
Ashland and is employed in the libraiy at Ashland 


ANOTHER PUBLIC SPEAKER has been telling the 
world that in his opinion Shakespeare is just as 
much inspired as the Bible — that anything is inspired 
which is true and good. And, as usual, many good folk 
are quite e.xcited about it, and other good folk wonder 
whether he may not be right. Really it is nothing to 
worry about. It ought not to be difficult to put the mat- 
ter to a test. The meaning of inspiration is that God's 
breathes in the Bible; this is what Christians think. The 
speaker thinks that God breathed just as much in Shake- 
speai-e. Why not try it out? 

The opinion of Christians regarding the inspired Bible 
is maintained at large financial cost to themselves. Be- 
lieving that the Bible is the word of God in a supreme 
sense, comes high in these days. Take the one movement 
of the Christian traveling men who have put a copy of 
the Bible in each of thousands of hotel rooms. Such 
things cannot be done without an immense outlay of 
money. The only incentive Is the belief of the donors 
of that money that the Bible has a kind and degree of 
inspiration which Shakespeare has not. Suppose they 
are mistaken. Could there be a better way of proving 
the inspiration of Shakespeare than by paying such bills 
in behalf of his work? 

Why not have a society that will put a copy of Shake- 
speare into every hotel bedroom in some large city? 
There are surely societies to study him who must have 
caught his inspiration and want to pass it on to others. 
Has any one of them put up money for its faith? Has 
he inspired them to this degree? The Bible has done it. 
Its adherants, hosts of them lovers of Shakespeare too, 
have felt that the book they wanted to make most wide- 
ly available was the Bible. Now let the men who think 
other books are its equal show their faith by their 

The same test could be applied to the great societies 
'whose sole aim in life is to publish or to distribute the 
Bible in various languages. For some reason they do 
this on a tremendous scale which Shakespeare societies 
never attain. No one makes them do it; they do it be- 
cause of what they think about the Bible. But why this 
peculiar vigor on the part of one group of people, along- 
jside the limited activity of other groups who are de- 
voted to the study and circulation of Shakespeare? Why 
Idoes the Bible keep going on so vigorously, while no 
lother book can keep within even distant sight of it? 
What makes people want it? 
I Or let another test be applied. Let provision be made 

for the exposition of Shakespeare twice every Sunday 
before, say, 2,000 fairly stable groups in the city of Chi- 
cago and a proportionate number in every other city of 
America, with at least a few groups in every community 
in the land. Surprise is sometimes e.xpressed that more 
people do not go to church; the amazing thing actually 
is that so many do go to church, when you stop to 
think what goes on in church. Often there is almost 
nothing intellectually or aesthetically attractive. Yet 
Sunday after Sunday some millions of people gather in 
the churches of America to hear things said that are 
provoked by the Bible, to read not Shakespeare but the 
Bible, and to sing truths which they get out of the 

That is a phenomenon that never loses its interest 
for thoughtful men. If one wants to get up a great mass 
meeting once or twice a year, one can do it on almost 
any subject, provided there is an attractive program. 
But how many subjects are there that can hold a mass 
meeting as large as the total church attendance of any 
city in America twice each week and every week in the 
year? Why does not some one start such a movement 
around the inspired Shakespeare? 

Or make another test. Why not introduce some of the 
other inspired books to meet the great emergencies of 
life when one wants to feel as sure as possible of the 
presence and voice of God? Shakespeare is surely not 
out of place here; he is often used to enforce needed 
trutli. But why not substitute him for the Bible at the 
gra\'e, in deep sorrow, when a son has gone astray, 
when a little one is lost, when a man is deep in sin and 
conscious of his shame, when a penitent Magdalen wants 
to come back to purity, when a broken family seeks to 
be reunited? These are real experiences of the human 
heart. In them, hitherto, the Bible has been the refuge 
to which men have gone. Why not to Shakespeare in- 
stead? Why do they go to the Bible? If there is noth- 
ing peculiar in it, nothing that makes them more sure 
of God than other books make them, why does it hold 
its place? 

An Editorial in The Continent, 1921, by the late Nolan 
R. Best who made its editorial page one of the most 
outstanding in religious journalism. Some time following 
his resignation as editor The Continent was discontinued. 
Mr. Best's death occurred in September 1929. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Let's have plain old Biblical vanilla 


TT SEEMS clear that the physchiatrist is not providing 
enough answers to the epidemic of mental illness which 
is gripping the nation. Perhaps it's time to dump his 
couch and do some housecleaning by asldng some perti- 
nent questions about all that money for research. 

In his annual New Year's editorial, President Kahlil 
Samra of the American Schizophrenia Foundation quotes 
from a letter written by a man who spent $15,000 in two 
years for psychoanalysis and received only "a diagnosis 
of paranoid schizophrenia." The man confessed that he 
was still sick and still suffered from a number of delu- 
sions, one of them a suspicion that there is a vested in- 
terest in mental disease in the United States, and that 
madness has become big business. 

He may be right. As Dr. Samra points out, the psychi- 
atric bureaucrat has often spoken much and produced 
little. After all, the psychiatrist is in an enviable posi- 
tion. He can develop a large practice without being 
altogether competent simply by calling his critics crazy. 
He can spend $200 million a year of ta.xpayers' money for 
all sorts of research without curing one patient or other- 
wise showing any practical results, and hardly a murmur 
will be heard. He can send thousands of patients back 
into society as sick as they were upon admission, and 

when they kill themselves or cause some other unfortu- 
nate incident, he can suggest they were incurable any- 
way and not be challenged. 

If these judgments seem harsh, look at the mush- 
rooming of non-professional, lay-oriented self-help groups 
like AA, Alanon, Neurotics Anonymous, Schizophrenics 
Anonymous, Synanon, Recovery and other fellowships of 
ill people working together for their common good. 

We believe thoughtful psychiatrists and men of good 
will eager to help their patients should do something 
alx)ut e.xcessive fees for paltry results . . . about the 
spoiled "brats" counseling behind those beards . . . about 
the millions for research without concrete results. 

Now is the time for the Church to be busy establish- 
ing counseling units and psychiatric help from the Chris- 
tian point of view. We can learn something from these 
self-help groups, even from actress Melina Mercouri who 
admitted: "We don't have psychoanalysis in Greece. Wc 
are a poor people, and so we talk to friends instead." 

The friend that sticks closer than a brother is the 
friend that's needed in the end. 

Norman B. Rohrer, Director 
Evangelical Press News 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Eugene, Ore. (EP) — Once again 
for the Christmas season, the con- 
troversial cross on Skinner's Butte 
overlooking the city has been lighted. 

The 51-foot concrete cross has 
shined each Christmas and Easter 
season since its construction in 1964. 

Its legality is being tested by the 
Oregon Supreme Court, whose case 
questions whether the cross violates 
the Eugene City Charter Court de- 
cision that the cross must be re- 


San Francisco (EP) — Dialogue 
between Christians and Jews has 
moved to a new area of discussion 
as a result of last June's six-day 
Middle East war, according to a 
Jewish interreligious expert. 

In a 20-page booklet titled Christ- 
ian Reactions to the Middle East 
Crisis, New Agenda for Interreligious 
Dialogue, Mrs. Judith Hershcopf 
Banki writes that Christian and Jew 
are split over how to end the 20 
years of tension in the Middle East. 

The assistant director of the Amer- 
ican Jewish Committee's Interrelig- 
ious Affairs Department acknowl- 
edges that Christians share with 
Jews the desire for a guarantee of 
Israel's survival, and that Jews share 
with Christians the desire to relie\'e 
the suffering of displaced Arabs and 
to assure free access to the holy 
shrines. But the two communities 
look at the crisis from different 
viewpoints, seeing these problems in 
different orders of priority, Mrs.' 
Banki says. 


Fort Lauderdale, Fla. (EP) — No- 
ticed in a restaurant here across; 
the street from a Baptist church 
was a sign which discouraged dieters. 

It read: "Come Thou and Thin No' 


Los Angeles (EP) — Divorce rais 
es the death rate, but people don'i - 
die of divorce, says the head of th( 

rebruary 3, 19G8 

Page Twenty-five 

alifornia State Department of Pub- 
ic Health. 

"But divorced people do die of the 
ido effects," Dr. Lester Breslow ex- 
laimed, mentioning suicide, alcohol- 
sm and emotional illnesses. 

The last census in 1960, he said, 
howed that divorced men and wom- 
■n of every age category died at a 
ligher rate than married persons, 
le added that the suicide rate in 
California is 1.5 times the national 
i\erage, and that divorced persons 
ia\e a suicide rate from three to five 
imes that of married people. 

'We in public health," said Dr. 
3ieslow in a Los Angeles Times news 
tem, "have long realized that there 
|vas a connection between divorce or 
eparation, and mental or physical 

ad health." 


Los Angeles (EP) — A rabbi and 
I Catholic marriage counselor both 
.'hallenge the belief that pre-marital 
5ex does not hurt anyone. 

The clergymen said that here sin- 
gle persons are undoubtedly hurting 
themselves and their future marriage 
partners through such practices. 

E\'en if a boy or a girl can avoid 
i-enereal disease, pregnancy and jeal- 
ousies, they said, the young people 
Will have to lie about their affair to 
someone i n their life because 
"norms" still exist in society. Thus 
there remains a "guilt" feeling, the 
ministers pointed out, or at least a 
loss of self-esteem, when the boy or 
girl moves to another lover or into 
marriage with someone else. 


Boston (EP) — In a British medi- 
cal journal printed here and in Lon- 
don, physicians at the University of 
Iowa document a case of a baby born 
with defects whose mother had taken 
LSD during pregnancy — the first 
on record. 

Dr. Hans Zellweger and his asso- 
ciates said the baby, born in Iowa 
last summer, had a severely deform- 
ed right leg — shorter than her left 
and attached to her hip at an odd 
angle. Her right foot is also short 
and has only three toes. 

The report said the 19-year-old 
mother had taken enough LSD, the 
hallucinatory drug, on four occasions 
during pregnancy to "go on a trip," 
or have hallucinations. 




San Francisco (EP) — A request 
for the use of Grace Cathedral for 
the mass burning of draft cards was 
turned down by Episcopal Bishop C. 
Kilmer Myers. 

The bishop said he had "grave 
moral doubts" about American mili- 
tai-y participation in the Vietnam 
war. He told Los Angeles Times re- 
porter Daryl E. Lembke that he 
nonetheless felt the church must not 
"compromise herself" by easy iden- 
tification with e.xtreme positions on 
the war. 

Tlie Episcopal bishop of California 
at San Francisco called for Christ- 
ians to develop a "rhetoric of the 
center." He warned that incresised 
polarization toward extremes on the 
war and race problems threatens to 
tear the nation apart. 


Los Angeles (EP) — When it 
comes to the relations with Jewish 
citizens, some Christians feel they 
have a mission to try to convert 
them while others feel it is outright 
bad taste to attempt such a change. 

Still others declare: "Naturally, we 
would like to convert them. Why 
deny this? In fact, we are under the 
divine command to teach and to 
baptize all non-Christians." 

So stated the Rev. Theodore Kline, 
new pastor of the Vermont Avenue 
Presbyterian Church here. 

"The way I like to put it," said 
Pastor Kline, "is that we must be 
willing to share oiu- faith with 
others, including the Hebrew people 
who were the first Christians." He 
added that the word "convert" is 
often offensive to the Jew. 


Des Moines, Iowa (EP) — At a 
nominal fee, a Baptist church here 
is renting its play equipment to 
neighborhood youngsters — usually a 
nickel a day. 

But there are some stipulations. 
Renters, for one thing, must attend 
church at least once a month. 

The Forest Avenue Baptist Church, 
affiliated with the Iowa Baptist Con- 
\ention of the American Baptist Con- 
vention, is in a neighborhood a mile 
from downtown Des Moines where 
some parents cannot afford to buy 

play equipment for their children. 
Because of a lack of rental equip- 
ment, current membership in the 
club is restricted to youngsters who 
live within two blocks of the church. 
The church's youth club makes 
available bicycles for 25c; five cents 
for other equipment. Rentals and re- 
turns are made daily after school. 


San Francisco (EP) — A second 
concert of sacred music has been an- 
nounced by bandsman Duke Elling- 

New York will be the site for the 
January concert which follows the 
jazz artist's original appearance two 
years ago at the Episcopal Church's 
Grace Cathedral. 

Ellington said that his first sacred 
concert has been repeated more than 
50 times in churches throughout the 

"I have prepared this second con- 
cert to say things to people," he is 
quoted as saying. "And there's a lot 
to be said." 


Kansas City, Mo. (EP) — Mem- 
bers of the Church of the Nazarene 
in this country gave more than $5 
million in 1967 to support denomin- 
ational missionary work in 48 coun- 
tries or territories abroad. 

In a year-end statistical report, 
Nazarene headquarters here said the 
total mission giving maintained 620 
full-time foreign workers, including 
ministers, teachers, doctors, nurses 
and builders. 

Within the last year Nazarene mis- 
sionary work was started for the 
first time in the Netherlands, a num- 
ber of new denominational churches 
were erected in Denmark, and land 
was purchased in San Jose, Costa 
Rica, for construction of the Central 
American Nazarene Bible College in 


Groveton, N. H. (EP) — At least 
three communities in New Hamp- 
shire have agreed to follow the rec- 
ommendation of a state legislator. 
Rep. A. George Manning (D.-North- 
umberland), that plaques bearing the 
words "In God We Trust" be install- 
ed in all public school classrooms. 

His proposal was defeated at the 
1967 session of the legislature, but 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Mr. Manning has announced that he 
will try to get the plan approved at 
the 1968 session. 

"I do not intend to let the idea 
die," he declared. "The plaques 
should be on every classroom wall." 

Three of the communities he rep- 
resents, Northumberland, Strafford, 
and Stark, are expected to install the 
plaques in their schools after the 
first of the year. 

At the last session, the House of 
Representatives approved the plaque 
proposal, but it died in the Senate 
education committee. 


Union, N. J. (EP) — A Nativity 
scene which has been erected annu- 
ally on the lawn of the Union (N.J.) 
Municipal Building drew a protest 
this year from the Clergy Associa- 
tion of Union, a Protestant group. 
Opposition to the creche came in a 

letter from the Rev. E. James Rob- 
ert of Union Methodist church, the 
association's president, to Mayor F. 
Edward Biertuempfel of Union. 

The minister said he was question- 
ing the "propriety, if not the legality, 
of the site in front of the seat of lo- 
cal government." 

Mr. Robert suggested that the 
creche be made available "upon re- 
quest to private or religious groups 
in the community." 

In former years, the Nativity scene 
on the municipal lawn has been dam- 
aged, or disturbed by vandals. 


Seattle (EP) — A procession of 
165 teen-agers marched in the street 
here "to demonstrate their faith in 

With signs reading "Up with 
God," "Our God's Alive, Is Yours?" 
and "All for Christ and Christ for 
All," the demonstrators hiked three 

miles from Messiah Lutheran Church! 
to the University Lutheran study cen- 
ter in the University District where 
they held the closing service of their 
two-day youth convention "Happen- 

The march was sponsored by the 
Walther League of Messiah Luther- 
an, of which the Rev. Carl Nitz is 
pastor. The minister led the parade. 


Bonn, West Germany (EP) — Ger- 
man's unsung heroes who rescued 
Jews from Nazi persecution were 
honored in Beethoven Hall here at a 
gathering sponsored by the West 
Germany Cooperation and the Med- 
ical Research Foundation of Phila- 

The occasion was to remind others ; 
that some Germans had "obeyed 
their conscience" and had risked 
their own lives to save Jewish fellow- ' 

Must Americans Decide . . . 


A FOREIGN service career officer and an experienced 
agronomist say the day when population wiU out- 
strip food production in developing nations is 1975 and 
that only the United States can decide who shall survive. 

All the panaceas such as synthetic foods, hydroponics, 
dcsalinization, securing food from the oceans, etc., will 
not avert the certain doom, say William and Paul Pad- 
dock in their book, Famine — 1975, America's Decision: 
Who will Survive? 

Only one bulk food — grain — will help when the 
crisis hits, they say, and only four nations have enough 
wheat to export: Canada, Australia, Argentina and the 
United States. Of these, they say, only the United States 
will help. The other three are blatantly written off as 
being "uncharitable." 

The Paddocks therefore have devised a system they call 
the "Triage," a term used in assigning priority for treat- 
ing wounded soldiers in battlefield clinics: (1) Those 
who cannot survive regardless of treatment, (2) Those 
who can survive without treatment regardless of the 
pain, and (3) Those who can be saved by immediate 
medical care. 

Helping some nations with food is already like "throw- 
ing sand into the ocean," say the authors. Nations which 
have a strong agricultural supply of resources and the 
desire to work on population control are the "walking 

wounded." Still others are nations in which the degi'ee 
of imbalance is manageable and which ought to be assist- 
ed at once. 

Egypt, India and Haiti cannot be saved. Libya and 
Gambia are "walking wounded." Pakistan and Tunisia 
can be saved and therefore should receive food. The 
United States should, the book says, consider the quality 
of local leadership, giving maximum non-food aid to 
nations "where we wish short-range political advantages, 
fax'oring nations which have raw materials required by 
the American and world economy, and favoring nations 
which have military value to the United States." 

John W. Abbot, reviewing the book in the monthly 
Service News published by Churdh World Service, calls 
it a "cold, crass, hard-hearted approach" and urged his 
brothers to influence gox-ernmonts away from the 

The call for humanitarian assistance will probably 
rally more support than the call for evangelism. Yet the 
supreme e.xpression of concern — in famine or in plenty 
is still the sharing not of bread which perishes but of 
the Gift of gift-s, God's only Son. In Him is eternal 
hope, the missing cure in the lives of so many. 

Norman B. Rohrer, Director 
EvEmgelical Press News 

February 3, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 

a report on 

the Publication of 

by Dr. Albert T. Ronk 





7. jeof^ 

We are most happy to announce that most 
of the text of the book entitled: "History of 
the Brethren Church" by Dr. Albert T. Ronk 
has been set and will be ready for printing 
within a short time. 

In order to meet the expense of publish- 
ing the book it is necessary that some 1500 
copies be sold; so far only 477 orders have 
come in (January 27, 1968). 

The cost of the book is $6.95 plus 25c han- 
dling charge. In Ohio 28c must be added 
for tax. 

The Laymen organization of the local 
churches have agreed to take orders for this 
book. If you haven't ordered yours as yet, 
please contact your Layman Organization or 
your pastor. 

Or — you may send the order in directly 
to us: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

This book should be in every Brethren 
Home therefore we urge you to send in your 
order immediately. In so doing you will be 
assured of a copy and at the same time will 
be helping in the immediate cost of publi- 


Send Your Order In Today 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelig 

a report of the 


TT WAS the privilege for your Ed)| 
tor to be able to attend the North 
ern California District Conference i) 
Stockton, California, January 11-1- 
of this year. Others from the churcl 
headquarters attending the confei, 
ence were: Rev. M. Virgil Ingraharr, 
General Secretary of the Missionar;, 
Board; Rev. Fred Burkey, Directo. 
of Religious Education for the Breth 
ren Church; and Rev. Raymond Asp 
inall, Missionary on furlough fron 

The theme of the conference wa: 
"Lord, Send Us Forth," and eacli 
message was developed around thi: 
theme either on the local level or thi 
world level. The spiritual atmosphen 
of the conference was very high anc 
the Holy Spirit ruled throughout al 

Rev. and Mrs. Duane Dickson o: 
Tempe, Arizona, were present foi 
the entire conference. Rev. Clarencf 
Stogsdill was to be present but ill 
ncss hindered him from being there 

The new Conference Board of Di 
rectors are: Mr. Don Mullins, Moder 
ator; Mr. Alan Schmiedt, Vice Mod 
erator; Miss Louise Etzwiler, Secre 
tary; Mr. Marshall Lehr, Treasurer 
Mr. Ralph Kullman, Statistician; Mr 
Vester Cox; Rev. Alvin Shifflett; Mrs 
Margaret Hamm; and Rev. Ahir 
Grumbling. This Board and officen 
were installed on Sunday evening ol 
the conference. 

Upper Photo: Bill Hubble and Larry Crom explaininfi 
the work to be done at Camp Berea. 

Center Photo: It was always time to eat! Here you s&f 
Rev. Fred Burkey, Director of Christian Education 
Rev. Ray Aspinall, Missionary to Argentina; and Re\' 
Alvin Shifflett, Pastor, Stockton Brethren Chiirdh ; 
eating an evening meal. 

Lower Photo: Ronald Lau, Youth President, did an ex I 
cellent job in conducting all youth activities. 

ebniary 3, 1968 

Page Twenty-nine 

On Friday the guests of the con- 
;rence from Ohio were given a tour 
f the grounds of Camp Berea. The 
amp board has several plans for im- 
rovements to the camp. Much work 
as already been done, but there is 
luch to do in order to bring the 
icilities.up to the state code. The 
!amp Board is to be commended 
pon the fine work which they are 

One of the highlights of the whole 
Dnference was to hear the report of 
le District Mission Board Treasurer, 
ince 1961 this small district has 
aised some $42,500 to build a new 
uilding at Stockton for the congre- 
ation. The first phase of the build- 
ig has been in use for some time, 
ow, and much of the debt is paid, 
ine loan of $11,500 has been com- 
letely paid off. Total disbursements 
Dr this time has been $47,560.71! 
This amount includes gifts from the 
lissionary Board, etc.) The people 
f this district are to be commended 
pon the sacrificial giving which they 
ave done in bringing about this 

The Brethren at Manteca are fast 
laking plans for a new building. The 
roperty has been purchased and the 
rection of a new edifice is to begin 
ery shortly. The Lathrop Brethren 
re becoming aware of the import- 
nce of a full time ministry. The 
astors of the three cliurohes. Rev. 
L-lvin Grumbling, Rev. Robert Mados- 
i, and Rev. Alvin Shifflett, are doing 

great deal in assisting these con- 
regations in their work for our 

The District is now thinking of 
eginning another church within a 
ery few years. 

It was most inspiring for those of 
s from Ashland to be able to attend 
his conference! 

'pper Photo: Rev. Alvin GnrnibUng of Manteca, the 
Moderator for the Conference. 

enter Photo: The new Conference officers: (left to 
right) Mr. Marshall Lehr, Treasurer; Miss Louise 
Etzwiler, Secretary; Mr. Ralph Kullman, Statistician: 
Mr. Don MulUns, Moderator. Mr. Alan Schmiedt, 
Vice Moderator, was not present at the time thi 
picture was taken. 

'Ower Photo: Rev. Alvin Grumbling, retu-ing Modera- 
tor, hands the gavel to the incoming Moderator, Mr. 
Don Mullins. 

->^»^',I(iB.>J>/''«'S55 M'^,', 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evangelis 


The Rowsevs 

O'Higgins 3162-68 
Buenos Aires (29) Argentina 
January 1968 
Greetings emd Best Wishes to our Brethren in the States: 

Last year this time we were pushing our way thi-ough 
snow in the United States in order to visit as many of 
you as possible on our short furlough. This year, once 
again in Argentina, we are sweating it out in the middle 
of a very hot summer. 

Much has happened since we returned in March of 1967. 
At that time John was still president of our national 
organization with all that this involved in administrative 
work. In July, the start of our fiscal year, a new finan- 
cial program was put into effect for our national and 
local organizations and now with six months into the 
program we can see real progress in stewardship and 
other areas of responsibility among our churches. Ad- 
ministrative work is not always so encouraging and many 
times definitely dull but this year it has been a revela- 

Our Spiritual Conference in Msirch was again a high- 
light of the year. Each year they seem to got better 
and we are expecting even more this year when Bi-other 
M. Virgil Ingraham will be with us the end of Febi-uary 
for the conference of 1968, As you can guess much prep- 
aration goes into each conference meaning work for all, 
especially thoSe of the Bible Institute in Eden where 
the conference is held. 

In our legal conference held each October in Buenos 
Au-es, we also find a blessing among the reports of the 
churches and national committees. Last year, 1967, 
when the new officers were elected Mr. Tomas Mulder, 
Director of the Bible Institute, was named tihe new . 
President, the first Argentine president we have had; 
since the reorganization in 1956. John is the only mis- 
sioneiry still on the Directi\'e Commission, serving this 
year as vice president. The Lord has been good and we 
are blessed to see thus the organization growing and our 
national brethren taking the leadership in more and 
more ways. 

The latter part of December wc enjoyed a week's 
vacation at the Bible Institute with the Solomons. We 
especially enjoy these opportunities to be with our fellow 
missionaries as the occasion does not present itself too 
often. The children, of course, are making the most of 
their summer holidays with Susan planning to attend 
camp for the first time by herself. John will be directing 
a work camp the first week in January while Regina 
keeps things moving here at home. 

We wish to thank all of you for the quantity of birth- 
day and Christmas cards received this year as well as 
sympathy cards for the passing of John's father. Your 
letters arc appreciated as are your prayers on our behalf. 
May the I^rd richlj- bless each of you during 1968. 

In His service. 
The Rowseys 

February 3, 1968 

Page Thirty-one 


A S WE LOOK back on this last year, we can 
** recognize many blessings received from the 
Lord. The administrative part of our Argentine 
church is moving smoothly thanks to Mr. Rone 
Assef, a Christian accountant who left a good 
paying job with General Motors to work full time 
among the various denominations helping them to 
comply with the legal aspects of the work. Mr. 
Assef has been the accountant for the Brethren 
Church in Argentina since its re-organization in 
1956. Since July of this year and the start of this 
venture in faith, he has been able to dedicate 
more time to helping- us with all of the legal re- 

The spiritual side of the work here is also 
moving well with a renewed interest in evangel- 
ism among our churches and special projects in- 
cluding the Audio Visual Trailer. The Bible In- 
stitute of Eden has completed its second year of 
operation, and we could go on enumerating the 
many blessings from the building program with 
the new Revolving Loan Fund to the spiritual 
growth in some of our churches that had been 
rather slow to grow in the past. 

The radio work, known as CAVEA, also has had 
its blessings with new stations, new programs 
and new personnel both missionary and national. 
Another united campaign was held on the 6th 
through the 16th of December in cooperation 
with the Billy Graham Association and CAVEA 

providing the sound system and organ. In eleven 
days a total of 77,000 attended the stadium and 
795 made decisions in a campaign that was only 
zonal in scope and did not include all of Buenos 
Aires. Already there are big plans for 1969 on a 
national scale, so you see the Lord HAS been 
good during 1967. 

Your prayers have been responsible; continue 
to remember us during 1968 and this work in 
which you have so much a part. 

— John D. Rowsey 

Harold Stacey, President ot C)A\ - 
EA, with Bill Fasig at the organ 




TN 1967 when the Winfields were making their final 
-^ preparations for going to Nigeria, the New Paris, 
Indiana, Church voted to support Richard Winfield in 
the amount of $3,000. The New Paris Church took a 
very important step toward personal involvement with 
our Gospel outreach in Nigeria. Their vision for the 
necessity of commitment beyond the regular missionary 
budgeted amount was most commendable. 

The amount of $4,400 received for the 1967 General 
Conference Offering to help with the initial expenses 
of sending these two new missionaries into the field was 
completely exhausted the first of January and it was 
truly a blessing to receive the first half of the amount 
pledged by the New Paris Church. 

Rev. & Mrs. Albert T. Ronk 
27 High St, 
Ashland^ Ohio 44805 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren Evangelisl 

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scholar, this commentary provides 
unexcelled reference material." 

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The rich and scholarly six volume commentary of Adam 
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Adam Clarke's monumental commentary on the Bible has 
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The actual words of Adam Clarke have not been 
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the sense when there was deletion of original text. Thus, 
the great scholar is allowed to speak for himself. 
Much material that is "dated" or is extraneous to the 
needs of the reader today has been eliminated. Readers 
will rejoice that Adam Clarke takes on even greater 
meaning in this careful and loving abridgement. 


"Dr. Ralph Earle's condensation of Clarke's Commentary 
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Theological Seminary. 

"This monumental work for a century and a half has 
been recognized as a standard authority. In a ministry 
of more than a half century I have consulted Clarke with 
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Order from 





524 College Ave. 

Ashland. Ohio 







Vol. XC 

February 17, 1968 

No. 4 


n > dr elE^lfi 

X s hr 


Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society . .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Koard of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. DyoU Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

5*24 Collofic Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least throe weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business cornmui.i- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In ihis Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "One Day's Pay" 3 

The Missionary Board 4 

Report of the Denominational Services 

Conference, Gospel Light Publications 7 

"The Impossible Dream?" 

by Mr. Elton Whitted 8 

"Evening Walks with Jesus Through Samaria" 

by Rev. George W. Solomon 10 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 

K. Prasantha Kumar 11 

"Who Will Answer" 

by Rev. Carl Barber 12 

World Religious News in Review 15 

"Cutting Off Hands That Heal — Si.x Missionar- 
ies Die as Viet Cong Sweep Station" 16 

The Brethren Layman 17 

Tlie Board of Christian Education 21 

"The Scaling of the 144,000" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 24 



The New 

ON THE COVER of this issue of The Brethren 
Evangelist you will find a picture of thil 
artist's drawing of the new Headquarters Building! 

At the present the final drawings are about corn 

plete and we ar 
about ready 
let bids for th' 
Ijuilding. ; 

You will fin) 
on page 8 of thi;l 
issue of the mafj 
azine an articlt 
b y Mr. EltO!^ 
Whitted, Chaii*! 
man of the Builc'i 
ing Committee^ 
entitled: "Th,' 
Impossible Dream?" Be sure to read this article]' 
it will give you some of the reasons for such ' 
building and how the idea of such a building bega' 
and grew into our present plans. 

You can be a definite part of these plans btj 
giving "ONE DAY'S PAY." Be sure to read a| 
about it and then do your share! i' 

You may use the form on the back page of thi'^ 
magazine to send in any contribution which yO;; 
mig'ht wish to make. 

E.Ytension of Time on I; 


of the History Book ] 

WE HAVE TO DATE (February 13) only 6i ' 
books "The History of the Brethren Church ! 

on order. In order to meet the initial cost of pul : 
lishing this work some 1,500 copies must be sole i 
Therefore, we are extending the time for the pr 
publication sale until the book is printed whic i 
will be about April 1. 

The type for the entire t)ook has been set ar i 
is now in the process of being proofread. As soc 1 
as this is done it will go to press and then to tl j 
binders in Cleveland. This work is being done t ' 
our own publishing company. 

The cost of the book will be $6.95 plus handlir ' 
charges and sales tax where applicable. 

The pre-publication cost is $6.25 plus 25c han' ' 
ling charges and plus 25c sales tax for those orde 
ing from Ohio. 

If you ha\e not sent in your order as yet, pleai 
do so immediately. Let's meet our goal of 1,5( 
copies sold. 

Sisterhood Program Materials for March . . 
Signal Lights Program Materials for March 

ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Three 




Ohc ©ai/'s 


"THE CHALLENGE is before us ! We have f ac- 
■'■ ed other challenges in recent years and have 
net them successfully! Therefore, there is no 
eason to doubt that we will complete the pres- 
nt challenge successfully! This challenge, of 
Durse, is the building of the new Headquarters 

To meet this challenge before us now means 
hat EVERY wage earner must give one day's 
ay to this project! This is not asking too much 
f anyone of us! If it is impossible to pay it at 
ne time, you have, of course, the opportunity to 
pread it out over 90 days. Remember, when 
ou determine your day's pay that you are to 
Qclude every member of the family that is a 
/age earner! 

' Some are asking if the building is really 

If you have ever been to Ashland and have 
isited any one of our denominational offices, 
ou know that a building is needed ! The Mission- 
ry Board is housed in a residence; the Central 
'ouncil office has taken over part of what used to 
e an apartment; the Board of Christian Educa- 
ion has also taken over what used to be an apart- 

ment. Such quarters do not lend themselves to 
office space. 

Let's face it, when visitors from other denom- 
inations who have regular denominational offices, 
come to visit us we are somewhat ashamed of 
our quarters for they are not up-to-date in any 
sense of the word. And since we are getting 
more and more involved in evangelical circles 
throughout the nation, yes, even the world, we 
need attractive offices in which to receive visi- 
tors. We need a headquarters building of which 
we can be justly proud! 

Now, relative to the bookstore. Again, if you 
have ever been to Ashland you know how badly 
we need an attractive store and more space! 
Our business is growing — more space has to be 
acquired — and this is the time to expand the 
bookstore. Our bookstore is the only one in, this 
entire community, we cannot afford to lose this 
opportunity to serve both the church and this 
community. Also, keep in mind that the book- 
store will help pay for the new building! 

Let's get behind this project by giving ONE 


Several churches have approached us with these questions. Just what should 
each church give for the HEADQUARTERS BUILDING? What should the goal 

FIRST — the goal should be 100% participation by every wage earner In the 

church. If this Is reached no other goals will be necessary. 

SECOND — Since we are asking for at least $160,000 from this phase of the 

drive, and we have a total membership of about 18,000, $10 per 

church member would appear to be a MINIMUM GOAL. 

BUT — If the church really gets behind this project we can have the 

HEADQUARTERS BUILDING debt free. We are convinced that 

a conscientious gift of ONE DAY'S PAY, JUST ONE DAY from 

each Brethren wage earner will bring In $15 to $20 per member. 

AIM HIGH — only GOD knows how far you can go with HIM! 

I'age Four 

The Brethren Evanj;cli! 


EARLY in March the Solomon family will re- 
turn from their second term as missionaries 
in Arg-entina. The Solomons first went to Argen- 
tina in 1958 with their two children — Rebecca 
and Timothy. It was during their first furlough 
that Joel was born and Margaret was bom in 
Argentina in 1965. 

The Solomons plan to make their home in the 
Missionary House at 705 Grant Street, Ashland, 
Ohio, approximately the middle of March. They 
will be available for deputation for the first part 
of their furlough. Tlieir present plan is to furth- 
er their education beginn;ing in the fall of 1968. 
Ken received his M.A. degree from the Hai^tford 
School of Religious Education, Hartford, Connec- 
ticut, and would like to continue studies toward 
completing the Doctorate in Religious Education 
or a Masters in Theology. They request prayer 
support that the Lord will make clear His will to 
them in plans for the future. 

The Solomons just enjoyed a much-needed 
three weeks' vacation in January at the Bible 
Institute grounds. This was especially beneficial 

S. f. 9 

for Joel to enjoy the sun bathing since he h.\ 
been experiencing an asthmatic condition. j 

Ken has been an instructor at the Eden Bit] 
Institute and also sei^ves as pastor of the Soldi, 
Church. He was the first Administrator of tl 
Bible Institute and did much of the pioneering • 
the farm work on the institute grounds. 

Jeannette's training and experience in eleme 
tary school teaching was most beneficial in th€ 
establishing a kindergarten in their home 
Soldini as pai't of the evangelistic effort of ti 
Soldini Church. They plan to offer the kindel 
garten again this year, beginning in March ai 
have 12 enrolled to date. 

At the presenit time, the following churchy 
are offering partial financial assistance to t 
support of the Solomons through the Missiona; 
Board: Vinco, Pennsylvania; Canton, Ohio; Lefl 
ittown, Pennsylvania; Sergeantsville, New Jdi 
sey, Sunday School; and the Louisville, OhijI 
Junior Church. { 

If you are interested in having the Solomo I 
schedule you in their deputation, kindly write 
them in care of the Missionary Board office. 


Kenneth, Jeannette, Timothy, Rebecca, Joel and Margaret Solomon 

'ebruary 17, 1968 

rage Five 


— Soldini, Argentina 

"Unto you is born this day ... a Saviour" are very 
imiliar words to those of us who know Him as our 
brsonal Saviour. But to such as Mr. and Mrs. Ordonez 
\ Soldini, these words were not familiar until just last 
konth when for the first time they heard the "good 
dings of great joy," believed them and accepted the 
aviour as their very own. 

And so it has been since that time long ago when first 
lie Angel messengers proclaimed these blessed, heart- 
irring words of hope to men lost in sin. Thousands, 
?a millions just like the Ordonez couple, have found 
le true meaning of Christmas and it has transformed 
leir lives. 

With this brief comment we begin this report of our 
■cent si.xteen day evangelistic effort here in this small 
llage of approximately 300 families, called Soldini. 
ic campaign was preceded by three years of activity 
tlie preparation of the "soil" and the sowing of the 
jspel "seed." This was accomplished by means of past- 
al calls, personal work by pastor and students from 
le Bible Institute, and by active participation in a 
otithly house-to-house visitation campaign on the part 
those who in these three years have responded to 

message of the Gospel and have become followers 
Christ. Another important phase of our previous 

lee years of "sowing" was the open air meetings witli 
ispel films to which we had a ready response of sev- 
al hundred in each showing. 
Our next procedure was to seek through the medium 

1 a kindergarten to reach into many families as yet 
l>t having come under the influence of the Gospel. On 

e first of December, the closing exercise of this en- 
■avor was celebrated here in our home, which lias 
rved as the school, with an attendance of over 100 
jjoying the program presented by the fourteen kinder- 
(irten children. 

Our sixteen days of nightly preaching and daily visita- 
m took place between the dates of Ncwember 4th to 
le 19th. Pastor John Arregin of our church in Colon 
is the fine, well-loved evangelist. An attractive invita- 
>n was presented personally to each family in the vil- 

Pastor Juan Arregin of the Church at Colon was the 
Evangelist speaker at Soldini campaign. 

lage and large, very attractive announcements were 
placed in strategic locations such as the main business 
establishments, in the large front windows of our home 
and of the meeting hall on the other end of town. 


The first week of the campaign took place here in our 
own home where we were able to offer comfortable ac- 
comodations for at least 90 persons inside and quite a 
few more within hearing distance just outside the three 
large windows of our living and dining room areas. 
Sacred music played on the tape recorder as the people 
arrived prepared the atmosphere. Special numbers were 
also an attractive part of the program, made possible 
through the help of students from the institute, youth 
of the local church, and the pastor's wife on her flute. 

Those who regularly attend the four weekly meetings 
in our rented hall were very faithful in attendance. Be- 
sides these we have on record, there were at least 20 
persons who for the first time attended a gospel meet- 
ing. Those who know something of the situation and 
conditions under which we work here in this tradition- 
ally Roman Catholic society will be able to rightly in- 
terpret these statistics as to their true value and not 
according to North American standards and results. 

To us here in this small village, where everyone knows 
everyone else and most are related and fear what others 
will say if they attend the meetings, it was a great suc- 
cess and God deserves to receive due praise and thanks- 
giving for the results. 


gjU Igaad 


Effective publicity before the campaign consisted of pos- 
ters in windows and attractive individual invitations. 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelis 










Le invita 

cordialmente a la 
serie de 


desd« •! Sabado A 
halts el Domingo 12 
• n la Caia Pastoral 

(lool dal Jardin da Infintii) 


detda •! Lunet 13 
haflta el Oomingo 19 

•n lu Salon da CuKci 


The second half cf the campaign took place in the 
newly re-decorated rented hall where we have held 
weekly meetings now for over two years. The attend- 
ance there was also good and the fine weather contin- 
ued for the second week of meetings. Half way through 
this week we made added publicity to invite the public 
to the large hall of one of the local clubs for the pre- 
sentation of the Billy Graham film "Lucia," in color, 
with Argentine actors and setting, showing pictures of 
Buenos Aires, the 1962 evangelistic campaign in the open 
air stadium to which approximately 60,000 attended and 
parts of the messages presented on that occasion by the 
evangelist himself through an interpreter. To this show- 
ing we had appro.ximately 200 pei-sons in attendance. 

In each meeting a different gospel tract was given to 
those attending and to those who passed by on the side- 
walk. Also, much literature was given to each family 
in the village during the two weeks as invitations were 
personally handed to them to attend the various activi- 
ties of the campaign. 

The results of these evangelistic efforts are known 
only to God and eternity alone will reveal them to us. 
But we are confident that He who promised that His 
Word would not return unto Him void and that he that 
soweth abundantly will also reap an abundant harvest, 
will bring forth the desired fruits. To Him be the glory 
and special thanks to all who in one way or another were 
with us in this campaign. 


In tlieir winter meeting, January 16-17, tlie 
Missionary Board of the Bretliren Church voted 
to change their poHcy for terms of service for 
Argentine missionaries, effective January 1, 1968. 

Tlie first term on the field will be for thre 
years and four years each term thereafter, witl 
each term followed by a year of furlough. 

Previously the missionaries had served fou 
years in their first term and five years each terr 
thereafter. This change was influenced by th 
changes in policies of other mission boards, t 
reduce fatigue in missionaries, to shorten th' 
period away from our church in the States, as a 
improved factor for recruitment and due to d( 
creased cost of transportation in recent years. 


with the 

MARILYN ASPINALL underwent surgery ;! 
Samaritan Hospital, Ashland, Ohio, on Jai'; 
uary 19, without ample advance scheduling to r j 
ceive your pi-ayer support. She is home and r ; 
covering very well. Your prayers for her co:i| 
tinned health would be appreciated. ', 

In February and March the Aspinalls will fi: 
isli their medical program, arrange for re-entr^ 
to Argentina with the Argentine Consulate, woi 
in completing their re-outfitting and have a she 

Mai'ch 16th they plan to leave for Sarasota 
Florida, where they will hold services and thi 
leave for the field directlv from Florida. 




THE FURLOUGH of the Curtises has be'> 
changed to begin December, 1968, rath i 
than July, 1968, as previously planned. The Ci 
tises have prolonged their first term, allowii • 
the Solomons to furlough and return by MaiN I 
of 1969. Plans for the future of the Eden Bit f 
Institute would call for both the Solomons a j 
Aspinalls to be available for staff at that tin! 


ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Seven 


Gospel Light Publications 

PE ANNUAL Denominational 
Services Conference sponsored 
y Gospel Light Publications, Glen- 
ale, California, was conducted on 
anuary 2-5, 1968, at their general 
ffices. This conference is attended 
V the leaders of the various de- 
ominations that nial<e use of the 
tospel Light Imprint Program. 
I Re\'. Fred Burkey, Director of Re- 
Igious Education in the Brethren 
jhurch, and your Editor were the 

t^o from our denomination that at- 
nded this conference. The purpose 
[f the conference is to exchange 
fiews and ideas relative to the Sun- 
jay school curriculum used by these 
;nominations. Gospel Light presents 
?w material in the making and also 
le new Daily Vacation Bible School 

Besides the usual information on 
le curriculum, several sessions were 
noted to inspirational addresses by 
irious ipastors from the Los Angeles 

area. One evening the program con- 
sisted of an associate pastor from the 
area who devoted much of his time 
in working with the hippies. There 
was a panel of five hippies who re- 
lated their philosophies to the group, 
some had been converted to the 
Christian faith. This was a most in- 
teresting session. 

Another evening was spent with 
representatives from World Vision 
who explained their work with com- 
puters in the area of mission work. 

Each day of the conference began 
with an inspirational message. 

The one accompanying photo shows 
the entire group of representatives 
present for the conference. You will 
be able to locate Rev. Burkey and 
Rev. Gentle in the back row. 

The following persons are included 
in the other photo: (left to right) 
Rev. Spencer Gentle, Editor of Pub- 
lications; Mrs. Georgianna Walker, 
Assistant Youth Editor, Gospel Light ; 

Mr. Fritz Ridenour, Youth Director, 
Gospel Light; Rev. Fred Burkey, Di- 
rector of Religious Education, Breth- 
ren Church; and Dr. Milford Sholund, 
Director of Denominational Services, 
Gospel Light. 

Brethren readers will be interested 
to know that Mrs. Georgianna Walk- 
er was raised in the Oakville Breth- 
ren Churchy Oakville, Indiana. Her 
maiden name was Masters. It was 
a real joy to become acquainted with 
Mrs. Walker and to share common 
acquaintances with her. She had at- 
tended Ashland College several years 

This conference was most profit- 
able to your representatives who at- 
tended and both returned home with 
a greater understanding of the work 
being done at Gospel Light Publica- 
tions. We are both convinced that 
we are using the best Sunday school 
literature available on the market 

o , r 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

THUNK! THUNK! Two+ babies are 'born ev- 
ery second. The great machine in the lobby 
wliere the World Council of Evangelicals met in 
West Berlin recorded them with a thunlv as their 
number dropped into place. 

In a world grown suddenly small and rapidly 
populous, the Brethren Headquarters Building 
looms like a Ijeacon, ligliting the way to an an- 
swer to the urgency of the times. 

ters Building on or adjacent to the present Pub- 
lishing House and that an expanded BookstoK 
be included in the project. A decisive vote was 
cast, enlisting the entire brotherhood for cooper 
ation and financial backing. 

About this time the Bi'ethren Publishing Com 
pany Board, recognizing its need of professions 
advice as it studied the expansion program of thi 
denomination, had secured the services of a spiri 



President, Publications Board 

Instead of remodeling and adding to and hang- 
ing on the coattails of another agency the Head- 
quarters Building strikes out boldly in a totally 
new direction — a new high rise structure, mod- 
est beside some buildings, yet exciting in its chal- 
lenge for Brethren. 

The church is challenged in a manner never 
before proposed to achieve the fulfillment of a 
di'eam never before dared. Not "the Impossible 
Dream" but a realized dream. Each wage earner 
is asked to give one day's pay for this church- 
wide endeavor. Just ONE DAY'S PAY — ONE 

Since the formation of the Central Council of 
The Brethren Church the church has been on the 
move. This is just another step. 

The desirability of a central headquarters for 
our denominational offices was first discussed in 
Central Council, and a Committee on Headquar- 
ters Site was formed to select a place for the 
liuilding. After several years of investigation 
and discussion it seemed most desirable to house 
our headquarters in a building near the place of 
meeting of General Conference. The feasibility 
of expanding the facilities of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, the only actual real estate own- 
ed by the Brethren Church, was suggested. At 
the 77th Conference the Central Council recom- 
mended to the assembled delegates that the Bre- 
thren Publishing Company be commissioned as 
agents of the church to construct the Headquar- 

itually oriented fund-raising company to hel 
study the possibilities and potential of the Boolj 
store and the Printing Shop and of the denomim 
tion while they were at it. When Evangelic) 
Church Building CoiiJoration presented the n 
suits of their study to the Publishing Compani 
Board, the potential revealed caught everyor^ 
there in a mounting excitement. t 

Tlie first action of the Publishing Compart 
was to select a building committee made up <■ 
representatives of the cooperating boards of tlf 
denomination. Of necessity these men were resn 
dents of the Ashland environs: Brother VirgJ 
Ingraham of the Missionary Boai'd, Mr. Donnal 
Ronk of the Benevolent Board, Dr. Glenn Claytcl 
of Ashland College, Dr. Joseph Shultz represeni 
ing the Board of Christian Education and til 
seminary. Rev. Spencer Gentle, Editor of Pub| 
cations, Mr. Dick DeVeny, Manager of the Pri| 
Shop, j\Ir. John Porte, Field Secretary of Centr 
Council, and the Prudential Committee of tl 
Publishing Board: Mr. Dick Poorbaugh, Re 
George Solomon, and Mr. Elton Whitted. M 
John Porte, Field Secretary of the Central Cou 
cil, was replaced by Rev. Fred Burkey, Direct 
of the Board of Christian Education, when IV 
Porte returned to his former calling. 

This committee officially engaged a local arc 
itect, who had previously been in a consult! 
capacity, and proceded to develop plans for t 
building. The first plans, which were publish | 

ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Nine 

1 The Brethren Evangelist, were to add to and 
jmodel the Publishing Company and the Mission- 
ry Board House. Later it seemed advisable to 
ii-ther expand our ideas by building a new book- 
;ore on Clai'emont Avenue and housing denomin- 
tional offices in remodeled building on College 
venue.. This was a conservative plan, something 
e might be able to do, but a plan that just 
idn't seem to meet the need nor catch the vision 
I: our people. 

It was last August at a joint meeting of the 
rethren Publishing Company Board and the 
headquarters Building Committee that Dr. Joe 
hultz said, "Let's take a new look at this thing. 
Je aren't getting any place this way," and sug- 
ested that we dignify the name and position of 
le Brethren Church with a high rise building 
lat would not only satisfy the needs of an ex- 
anded bookstore facility but would also house 
le denominational offices of the Brethren 
hurch in more efficient and attractive quai'ters. 

Some hurried sketching was done on the 'black- 
board during the supper hour and the new idea 
was presented to Central Council that evening. 
The reception was overwhelming. This was some- 
thing they wanted! This was something that 
would appeal to the church! This was an idea 
that captured the imagination! The architect and 
E.C.B.C. were authorized to proceed full steam. 

Our cover picture show's the artisifs conception 
of the proposed building. Its beauty is even more 
enhanced by the color photo on the brochure you 
have all received. This building will be a credit 
to the Brethren Church. It will be an asset to 
the city of Ashland. It will be a beacon for the 
Lord's work. 

The idea of giving one day's pay — just one 
day is unique and within the reach of every 
Brethren. According to studies by the Chamber 
of Commerce, the average day's pay in the United 
States is $30. Our building committee has con- 
servatively set a goal of $20 from each wage 

Pag:e Teu 

earner. A 100 per cent response to this call would 
still leave us, that is the church, with the neces- 
sity of some long term borrowing. If we could 
average the $30 the Brethren Church could com- 
plete the project, the entire project, in just one 

Just think what your ONE DAY'S PAY will 

It will free the Brethren Publishing Company 
for its proper jobs: printing and mai'keting 
Christian literature. Increased revenue from a 
more spacious, up-to-date bookstore will dissem- 
inate more Christian printed matter both locally 
and world wide. 

It will concentrate, like a laser beam, the ef- 
forts of a denomination whose basic principles go 

The Brethren Evangelis 

back to apostolic times and thus offer authentil 
hope to a weary world. To solve the problem ol 
our ever expanding population (those 2:14 souf 
every second) science has given us radio, tele 
vision, sattellites, and the printed page. W 
Brethren have radio (in Argentina and at Ash 
land Seminary) and a printing company. W 
have a denominational structure to allow th 
working of the Holy Spirit. Cooperating board 
and representatives of congregational groups nee- 
a place to cooperate — to meet and deliberate an 
to be of one mind through the guidance of th 
Holy Spirit. A properly designed place can shi 
out the detractions of a frantic world and encou) ■ 
age minds to work surely and in God's will. 
See back page! 

Evening Walks with Jesus 


Text: John 4 
Part V 


As FAR AS WE CAN ASCERTAIN, Jesus did not 
leave Judea because His worlc tiiere was done, nor 
because He was not successful. In fact many believe 
that His work was becoming too successful; that is, He 
was becoming too popular. We do read: "When there- 
fore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that 
Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John. . . . 
He left Judea, and departed again into Galilee." The 
Pharisees were ti-ying to bring misunderstanding ajid 
cause friction between His disciples and the disciples 
of John. This He certainly didn't want to happen — 
He had placed His stamp of approval upon John — He 
didn't want to compete in any manner. He also probably 
knew that His enemies would not give up until they had 
caused serious trouble. And the time for that had not 
yet come. So He left Judea, and we read in John 4:4, 
"He must needs go through Samaria." The Greek lan- 
guage in this verse implies a sense of great necessity. 

There was another way back to Galilee — the way 1! 
had come down from Galilee. The compulsion that 1 
felt must be related to the e\'angelization of Samari 
His heart was burdened with the lost of Samaria, 
well as the lost sheep of the house of Israel. This i 
own people could not have undei-stood — not even I 
disciples. Jesus probably had about six disciples v/it 
Him on this journey through Samaria. 

With this compulsion to go through Samaria, He dc 
not retrace His steps back down the Jericho Road 
the Jordan Valley, but stays in the mountains. The ro 
directly north from Jerusalem to Samaria would be 
in the high country and far more difficult to traV' 
As we seek to accompany Jesus on this Wcdk, we V 
see that He passes through Hazor, a town occupied ' 
the Benjamites following the captivity just four mi' 
north of Jerusalem. Then eight miles further on b' 
road to Samaria He would pass through Bethel ne 

ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Eleven 

/here Abraham encamped and where he built the first 
f his many altars in Canaan. It was also here that 
acob spent his first night as he fled from Esau to go 

Padanaram. It was here that he had his dream of 
he ladder reaching into the heavens. It was the place 
/here God spoke to Jacob and where Jacob made a 
ovenant with God. In later years, after the division 
f the kingdom, Jeroboam made Bethel one of the two 
laces of worship in the Northern Kingdom when he set 
p two golden calves to be worshipped. Four miles 
long he would pass near Gilgal, where Elijah and Elisha 
pent a great deal of time and where there was, in those 
ays, a school of the prophets. Crossing over Mount 
Iphraim He would then enter into Samaria some four 
liles beyond Gilgal and would pass within a few miles 
f Shiloh wlaich was the sight of Israel's early sanctuary 

1 the days of the Judges. It was destroyed in 1050 B.C. 
/hen the Philistines carried away the Ark. Still ten 
liles up the road, Jesus and His disciples came to 
ychar and Jacob's well. The disciples went into a village 
3 get food, while Jesus sat on the well to rest. 

Sychar is located at the foot of Mount Gerizim 880 
;et high with the Samaritan Temple upon it in full 
iew. As Jesus looked at the temple, he must have re- 
■ected on the fall of the Northern Kingdom of Israel 
/hen the Israelites were carried into captivity by Shal- 
lanezer in 721 B.C. It was because of this that the 
amaritan people, as a race, had their beginning. To 
eplace the Israelites carried out of the land, Shalm- 
nezer brought peoples of other races into the land 
nd settled tliem there. Evenually the remaining Israel- 
ies, and these transplanted people, intermarried, pro- 
using the race known as Samaritans. When the Jews 
Jturned from Babylon to rebuild the temple in 536 
C, the Samaritans wanted to help them. The Jews 
fused to permit them to do so because they consid- 
:-ed them impure, half-breeds. From this the hatred 
etween them arose. In Jesus' day there were various 
ipressions of contempt in vogue. "May I never set 
yes on a Samaritan." To take of their bread was said 
b be like "eating swine's flesh." 

While Jesus sat on the well, a Samaritan woman of 
11 repute came out of Sychar and down to the well 
p draw water. And Jesus said to her, "Give me a 
rink." And thus began a conversation in which Jesus 
I'd this sinful woman out of a life of shame into a life 
:f faith! In so doing, Jesus broke over all the rules 
L tradition to save this poor woman. She insulted 
'im impudently in her reply: "How do you, a Jew, ask 
drink from me?" But Jesus stood the affront patient- 
. "If you only knew" — he aroused her curiousity — 

only you knew who I was, you would ask me for a 
rink, and I would have given you living water. Thus 
'e met her objection of racial differences and problems 
i asserthig that all races are on equal footing before 
od's great love, which gave the Savior to the world. 
Now this woman totally misiuiderstood Jesus' offer 

living water. Her mind, at this moment, cannot 
Jmprehend spiritual things. Her e.xpectations were 
tnited by her earthly condition and her physical wants. 
^ith her affections worn out — with her character 
>ne — with no purifying joy — she came out listlessly 
ly after day, filled her water pot, and went wearily 
ick to the druggery of her hfe. She had no living 
Jrings of spiritual joy! She had Uved a life devoid of 
le spiritual — a life controlled by passion and physical 

desire. Jesus seeks to help her understand. "Whosoever 
drinketh of this water shall thirst again: but whosoever 
drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never 
thirst: but the water that I shall give him shall be in 
him a well of water springing up into everlasting life" 
(John 4:13, 14). But still she thinks only of her daily 
trip to the well: "Sir, give me this water, that I thirst 
not, neither come hither to draw." 

Then Jesus takes another approach. As she is about 
to turn and leave. He captivates her attention again: 
"Go call thy husband, and come hither. The woman an- 
swered and said, I have no husband, Jesus said unto 
her. Thou hast well said, I have no husband: For thou 
hast had five husbands; and he whom Uhou now hast is 
not thy husband (vv. 16, 17, 18)." How did Jesus, a 
perfect stranger, a Jewish Rabbi, know of her shameful 
past? Could He be a prophet? But she doesn't want 
to talk about her sm, and like so many today, when you 
talk about their sin, they change the subject by intro- 
ducing some worn-out religious arguments. This woman, 

Congratulations to 
Mr. and Mrs. K. Prasantha Kumar 

BRETHREN READERS will be interested in learning 
of the recent marriage of Mr. K. Prasantha Kumar 
to Miss D. Nirmala Roy on January 10, 1968, at the 
Canadian Baptist Church in Srikakulam, India. Mr. 
Kumar left Ashland, Ohio, on December 17 to return 
to his home in India for the Christmas holidays. He 
returned to Ashland on January 27, 1968. This trip took 
him around the world. 

While home Mr. Kumar and Miss Roy were united in 
mairiage. Mrs. Kumar was not able to return with her 
husband due to immigration requirements, but will be 
arriving in Ashland, Ohio, within a short time. 

They will be residing in an apartment at 80 Samaritan 
Ave. (Seminary House), Ashland, Ohio. The Seminary 
Wives organization of the Seminary furnished the apart- 
ment for the couple which was ready for Mr. Kumar 
when he returned. 

Mr. Kumar is a student in the Ashland Theological 
Seminai-y and will probably be in America for another 
two-and-one-half years. 

Page Twehe 

The Brethren Evangelisi 

no doubt pointing to the temple on Mt. Gerizim, says: 
"Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, 
that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to 
worship." Jesus immediately clears up this issue by re- 
v-ealing to her that true worship is not dependant upon 
holy days or holy places, but on the truth and sincerity 
of the worshipper. The woman is convinced now that 
Jesus is not just an ordinary Rabbi, but she still puts 
off any personal confrontation about her sin and her 
own spiritual needs. She said: "I know that Messiah 
Cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will 
tell us all things" (25). Jesus immediately removes 
this barrier: "I that speak unto thee, am he." Jesus had 
now removed every barrier and this woman, who a few 
moments before could think of nothing but well water 
and the necessary task of carrying it fixjm the well to 
her home each day, forgets her water pot and hun'ies 
back into Sychar. There she tells her story to the 
men (the women probably wouldn't speak to this woman 
of infamy) : "Come, see a man, which told me all things 
that ever I did: is not this the Christ? Then they went 
out of the city and came unto Him" (29, 30). "And 
many of the Samaritans of that city believed on Him 
for the saying of the woman, which testified. He told 
me all that ever I did. So when the Samaritans were 
come unto him, they besought Him that He tarry with 
them: and he abode there two days. And many more 
believed because of his own words: £ind said unto the 
woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying; for 
we have heard Him ourselves, and know that this is in- 
deed the Christ, the Savior of the world" (39-32). 

Now several things ai-e important here I think that 
I would like for you to think about and remember from 
this evening walk with Jesus. 

(1) Race is no barrier to salvation. Salvation is not 
for Jews only; nor for any other one race of people. 

God's love is bestowed on all men. God's commissio 
to His church must not be hampered or limited by raci£ 
differences or inherited prejudices. 

(2) Sin is no barrier to salvation. No sin is too blac 
that the blood of Jesus Christ can't cleanse ... no si 
so great that the love of God can't overcome . . . nl 
life so worthless that Gkxl is not interested. God is n 
respector of persons! Jesus sought out this womai 
If He had not spoken to her, she would have gone bac 
to her home vwth a water pot full of weU water and 
heart full of sin. She probably would never have conr. i 
to know Christ as Savior. In all likehhood she woul 
have continued to live in her sin. 

(3) Effective Evangelism begins with person to pe 
son confrontation. Jesus personally undertook the salv 
tion of one person! And that one person, received t 
faith the forgiveness of sin and believed on Christ as tk 
Messiah. She, in turn, was overcome with joy and wer 
and told others of this wonderful Person and her tran 
forming experience. Here are the two requirements f« 
effective personal evangelism. (A) You must have he 
a personal experience to tell about. If you have n( j 
personally experienced a transformation in your ow | 
life, you have nothing to tell others. (B) Tell othe: I 
about your experience; point them to Jesus who mac ' 
it all possible. 

We saw witnesses to the Divinity of Jesus down I 
Jordan, in the wilderness, at the wedding in Cana 
Galilee, in the temple in Jerusalem, and now here j 
Samaria by Jacob's well, Jesus personally tells th I 
Samaritan woman that He is the Messiah - the Christ j 
The Son of God! In a time when the divinity of Jesi > 
is under constant attack it is good to review the maj 
witnesses to His divinity we find in the Scriptures t 
they are reassuring to every true believer. 



was introduced to the world by 
one of its leading artists, Ed Ames, 
entitled, "Who WUl Answer?" The 
song, or poem, depicts the crazy, 
mixed^up, topsy-turvey world as it is 
seen by many people today, especially 
youth. It is a picture of despair in 
the current trends in the world today! 
A picture of hopelessness, where no 
answer is to be found. It reflects the 
jihilosophy among people today that 
there is no answer. 

This sliould stir the Christian to 
shout the answers from the depth of 
the soul, from the highest tower! 

The poem opens with an emphatic 
"Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallelujah!" 
It is perhaps a puzzle that the word. 

"Hallelujah," is used at several plaa 
in the poem; but I believe this w 
clear up as we go along. 
(Stanza One) 
"From the canyons of tlie mind 
Wo wander on and stumble blinc 
Through the often tangled maze 
Of starless nights and sunless dai 
While asking for some kind of el 
Or road to lead us to the truth 
But who will answer?"* 

The first stanza voices the eterr 
quest of maiokind for the answei"S 
the perplexities and frustrations 
life; a real, sincere desire to knuj 
the truth. It forms an introductil 
to the whole by revealing the drj 
purposelessness of the life of l| 
masses, yet struggling to find 

I'age Thirteen 

answer to the tangled maze. Who 
will answer these questions? Who 
will tell the truth? 

(Stanza Two) 
"Side by side two people stand 
Together bound, hand and hand, 
That love's embedded in their hearts 
But soon an empty feeling starts 
To ovenvhclm their hollow lives 
And when they seek the how's and 

Who will answer?"* 

What does the future hold for two 
young people in love? What does 
marriage hold for two young people? 
One county in the United States is 
noted to have reported more divorces 
than marriages in the past year. Life 
is so beautiful as they start out, but 
it soon changes after the honeymoon 
and they come crashing down from 
"cloud nine" with a thud. Who will 
help them find the answers to the 
questions and problems of married 
life, today? 

(Stanza Three) 
"On a strange and distant hill 
A young man's lying very still 
His arms will never hold his child 
Because a bullet running wild 
Has sti'uck him down — and now 
He cries. 'Dear God! Oh, why? Oh, 

But who will answer?" 

Is there no end to the horror of 
war? Why must there always be a 
war somewhere? Why must our 
young men die without the privilege 
of raising their children? What does 
so much bloodshed really prove? 
Why must a young mother face the 
awesome task of raising a son with- 
out a father's assistance? Why have 
children at all? 

Dick Martinsen recently had an 
article printed in The Lion calling to 
our attention the following facts: "To 
date he (man) has fought 3,267 full- 
scale wars in addition to 18,243 tribal 
clashes and civil uprisings. Small 
wars, like those between the ancient 
Greek city states, and those abound- 
ing throughout the Dark Ages, total 
2,206 and occurred at five-year inter- 
vals on the average. Wars between 
nations, 983 all told, have occurred 
at approximately twenty-year inter- 
vals. World wars, with two to six 
nations on one side or the other, 
have averaged two a century. 

"Toll of a sneak Russian missile 
raid, say, could be 70-million Ameri- 
cans, and the U.S. military believes 
that as many Russians could be killed 
in a 24-hour period. As each country 
is confident of retaining enough bomb- 

power to inflict still another 30- 
million casualities upon the other 
side, the grand total of obliteration 
would be 60 to 70 per cent of all 
Americans and Russians." Is it any 
wonder the entire world is depressed? 
The recent aggravation in Korea is 
an e.xcellent example of the world 
turmoil. But who will answer? 

(Stanza Four) 
"High upon a lonely ledge 
A figure seated near the edge 
And jeering crowds coUect below 
To egg him on with 'Go, man; Go!' 
But who will ask what led him 
To his private day of doom 
And who will answer?"* 

Why is man so "thrilled" with the 
action of one who would take his own 
life? Why is man so obsessed with 
violence? Why would man rather be 
involved In another man's suicide 
than he would in saving another 
man's life? Who wUl be brave enough 
to come out from the crowd and 
really try to help him? 

Then the crescendo comes to a 
clima.x in the chorus: 
"If the soul is darkened 
By a fear it cannot name 
If the mind is beiffled 
When the rules don't fit the game 
Who will answer? Who will answer? 
Who will answer?* 

People are scared stiff and they 
can't put a label on it; they're just 
scared. Man doesn't understand what 
is happening, because nothing is go- 
ing according to all the i-ules that 
man has lived under for centuries. 
We see here rephrased, the cliche of 
several years ago, "Stop the world, 
I want to get off." 

"Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallelu- 

Then the poem takes on a differ- 
ent tone in suggesting where these 
questions may be answered. But with 
each suggestion is the implicit and 
definite, "No, this isn't the answer, 

(Stanza Five) 
"In the rooms with darkened shades 
A scent of sandlewood pervades 
The colored thoughts in muddled 

Reclining on rumpled beds 
Of unmade dreams that can't come 

When we ask what we should do 
Who — who will answer?"* 

Is the answer in alcohol, drugs, and 
LSD which warp our minds and pro- 
vide an escape with unattainable fan- 
tasies? Is the answer to be found 
by clouding up our minds with stim- 

Page Fourteen 

ulants or depressants? Is the answer 
to be found in associations with a 
"hippie" group? 

Dave Willierson recently commen- 
ted on a radio interview that youth 
are fed up with the affluent society, 
that they realize the emptiness of 
materialism, and have rebelled by re- 
jecting the usual status symbols and 
joined the "hippie" movement in an 
effort to do something about their 
world, by way of love-ins, peace 
movements, and other demonstra- 
tions. Dave also indicates a real hun- 
ger BJid desire on the part of youth, 
today, to find the real meaning and 
purpose for life, and that this will 
lead to the greatest revival man has 
ever known. 

Is the answer to be found by 
booze blasts, smoking pot, or taking 
a trip on LSD? Is the answer to 
be found in bold, fanciful dreams, 
beautiful as they are, yet which never 
do come true? The author seems to 
be saying that even though many 
people do seek this release, it defin- 
itely is not the answer! But if this 
isn't the answer, who will tell me? 

(Stanza Six) 
" 'Neath the spreading mushroom 

The world revolves in apathy 
As overhead, a row of specks 
Roars on, drowned out by disco- 
And if the secret button's pressed 
Because one man has been outguessed 
Who will answer?"* 

Is the answer in "the bomb"? in 
military might? in political diplom- 
acy? or in seeking pleasure that will 
drown out the drone of military 
preparation? Is the answer to be 
found in a hot line between the world 
leaders? What if one of them is 
tricked into a mistake? Science has 
provided many answers concerning 
outer space, and the space under the 
seas and the sui-face of the earth; 
but the inner space, the soul of man, 
has been neglected! 

Again the author seems to give a 
resounding, "No, this isn't the ans- 
wer; but who wUl answer?" 

(Stanza Seven) 
"Is our hope in walnut shells 
Or worn around the neck with tem- 
ple bells 
Or deep within some cloistered walls 
Or hooded monks in praying halls 
In our crumpled books on dusty 

Or in our scars or in our selves 
Who will answer?"* 
Is the answer in institutional relig- 

The Brethren Evangelisi|j 

ion ? Perhaps it is to be found ii 
going against the forbidding odds o I 
picking the right walnut shell when i 
the bean is hiding! Perhaps the ani 
swor is to be fotmd in wearing cer 
tain religious articles, or saying cei^ 
tain prayers, or going to certaiii 
places, or reading certain books ; o | 
perhaps in meu-tyring myself. "No i| 
No! No! It isn't there either." 

Again the chorus sounds with greai I 
er dispair: 

"If the soul is darkened 
By a fear it cannot name 
If the soul is baffled 
When the rules don't fit the gam 
Who will answer? Who will answer 
Who will answer?"* 

How will the Christian respond 
Will he respond? 

Perhaps unwittingly, or perhaps h 
design, the author has included th 
answer by the use of one word, "Ha 1 
lelujah!" which means "Praise God i 

"Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallei | 
jah!"* I 

God encourages us to "CaU upc 
me in the day of trouble; I will d | 
liver thee" (Psalm 50:15). 

The Apostle Paul explains, " ,j 
those days you were living utter U 
apart from Christ; you were enemi' J 
of God's children and He had pror 
ised you no help. You were witho; 
God, without hope. But now you l 
long to Christ Jesus, and though y( 
once were far away from God, nc 
you have been brought very near 
Him because of what Jesus Chri 
has done for you with His bloc* 
(Ephesians 2:12, 13 — Living Letter? 

The answer to the dilemma ai; 
frustrations of a hollow and purpos 
less life is to be found in a persoi^ 
relationship with a man, Jesus Chrij 
The Apostle Peter testifies, "Y- 
love Him even though you have ne 
er seen Him; though not seeing HU 
you trust Him; and even now y 
are happy with the ine.xpressible j 
that comes fi-om heaven itself" ' 
Peter 1:8 — Living Letters). 

The answer is to be found in t 
life of a man who has been tra' 
formed by the presence and power 
Christ; in the testimony of a m 
who has found himself the answ 
and received a new purpose and p 
son for living. 

The life e.xperience of Ted Wise 
vi\idly portrayed in the January, 15 
issue of Christian Life. Entering 1 
Navy U'hcn he was eighteen, lie v 
disillusioned by an hypocritical woi 
and farther disturbed by the mo 
depravity of his seniors while on cU 

ebriiary 17, 1968 

rage Fifteen 

1 the Orient. He soon fell into a 
•ee-\vheeling life of immoralitiy him- 
;lf. Then from the drugs of Saigon 
s went to the heroin of Tokyo. For 
iree years he injected into his arms 
le most terrifying and addictive of 
)day's popular drugs. 

After discharge, he and his wife 
ved in San Francisco at O'Farrell 
3use, which was only five blocks 
vay from the Haight-Ashbury dis- 
•ict where he became involved in 
eekly trips on LSD. Ted was 
jainst any establishment, and was 
Peking to answer his own personal 
-oblems as well as the problems of 
le world, while, all the time, he him- 
'If was plunging more deeply into 
»wilderment and vice. It was at this 
me that he plotted to kill his wife. 
ut Elizabeth, in desperation, turned 
i&A to the faith she had been taught 
; a child and which she barely man- 
ned to hang onto, despite her hus- 
md. She began to attend church, 
'gging them to pray for her. They 
d, as well as her parents and 

"One day Ted picked up a Bible. 
p began to read it regularly. By 

this time, he did at least believe in 

" 'Why is it,' he asked himself, 
'that none of these things have been 
brought to my attention before? Why 
has all this truth been withheld from 
me?' He had swallowed filmdom's 
Elmer Gantry image of the establish- 
ed church just as gullibly as he had 
the LSD-loaded sugar lumps. As a 
result, he had no time for religion. 
Now he read with rapt attention. 

"As the words of the Gospel began 
to 'blow Ted's mind,' he took every- 
thing personally. Although he was 
aware of his own shortcomings, he 
still was hurt about the needless 
waste of his life because someone — 
somewhere — had denied him these 
exciting truths. Then the powerful 
metaphoric words of Christ, 'First 
cast out the beam out of thine own 
eye; and then shalt thou see clearly 
to cast out the mote out of thy 
brother's eye,' hit him hard, explod- 
ing his criticisms. 

" 'Once I was reborn in Christ,' 
Ted continued, explaining his self- 
discovery, 'that rat died and a new 
self — formed by Christ — emerged!' 

"Praising God for answered prayer, 

Elizabeth introduced Ted to the peo- 
ple at First Baptist and to the Rev. 
John MacDonald who has become a 
sort of unofficial chaplain to the 
growing group of 'turned on' Christ- 
ians. Together they have formed 
Evangelical Concern, an organization 
to gain support for and give direct- 
ion to, this work of God among psy- 
chedelic people." 

Won't you embrace that same 
Christ, today, with all your life and 
add a new dimension to your life 
which will give new purpose and 
meaning to your life? 

Won't you embrace God, today, 
with all your love. Brethren, and be- 
come an instrument of blessing to 
people all around you who have no 
answers to the dilemma and frustra- 
tions of life? 
"If the soul is darkened 
By a fear it cannot name 
If the mind is baffled 
When the rules don't fit the game 
Who will answer? Who will answer? 
Who will answer? 

Hallelujah! Hallelujah! Hallelujah!"* 
* Transcribed from the recording, 
"Who Will Answer?" by Ed Ames, on 
RCA Victor label. 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Miami (EP) — Some federal court 
on will be asked to determine 
lether the Boo Hoo of a psychedel- 
sect qualifies to become an Army 

The American Civil Liberties Un- 
1 announced it will take to court 
e case of Pvt. Benjamin L. Oster- 
rt. He wants to be a hippy chap- 

Pvt. Ostenberg, drafted a month 
o, says he is the Boo Hoo or 
rimate of northwestern Florida" 
[■ what he calls a hippy religion. 
s immediate superior is Chief Boo 
)o Arthur Kleps of Cranberry 
ike, N.Y. 

The soldier says he's a minister of 
the Neo-American Cliurch which 
claims some 600 members through- 
out the U.S. and regards mind-ex- 
panding drugs as sacramentals. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Top gov- 
ernment leaders here gathered in the 
Shoreham Hotel February 1 to bow 
with the President of the United 
States in humble prayer. 

The 16th annual Presidential Pray- 
er Breakfast drew a total of more 
than 1,450 — a record number — to 
the early morning gathering over 
which U.S. Senator Frank C. Carlson 
from Kansas presided. 

Simultaneously, a prayer break- 
fast for Congressional Wives and an- 
other for friends of the Internation- 
al Christian Leadership (ICL) organ- 
ization was held in the Washington 
Hilton Hotel. Some 800 at the wom- 
en's group heard Catherine Marshall 
Lesourd. The second breakfast in the 
Hilton marked the beginning of a 
three-day conference sponsored by 

Vice President Hubert Humphrey 
read the Scriptures, selecting the 
New Testament passage in I Corin- 
thians 13. Speaker for the occasion 
was General Harold K. Johnson, U.S. 
Army Chief of Staff. His message 
was a "magnificent Christian, Bible- 
centered challenge to the nation," ac- 
cording to W. C. Jones of Los Angel- 
es who sponsors the annual event. 
Jones has staged the yearly prayer 
breakfasts in the capital for the past 
11 years, succeeding Conrad Hilton 
who began the observance in 1952 
and sponsored it for five years. 

Prayers were offered by Secretary 
Robert C. Weaver of the Depart- 
ment of Housing and Urban Devel- 
opment, John A. Volpe, governor of 
Massachusetts and Price Daniel, di- 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist i 

rector of the Office of Emergency 

"Your President prays," Johnson 
stressed in his short message. He 
said the nation is fighting now as it 
did 25 years ago "to prevent any 
further expansion of totalitarian co- 
ercion over the souls of men." 


Los Angeles (KP) — A slim Pak- 
istani Muslim student claimed victory 
here in a verbal battle with deposed 
heavyweight boxing champion Cassius 
Clay at the Cal State L.A. stadium. 

"He's just a boxer," 28-year-old 
Saghir Haider said of the noted ath- 
lete who prefers the Black Muslim 
name of Muhammad Ali. "He doesn't 
have anything in his upper story. 
. . . He just says he's a (Muslim) 
minister to avoid the draft." 

Clay was visibly shaken when the 
Pakistani asked if he had ever read 
the Koran. 

"Hold it, brother!" Clay shouted 
at Haider wagging a finger at him. 
"Hold it!" Clay said if Haider were 
a real Muslim he wouldn't attack an- 
other Muslim. But Haider countered 
with this point: Clay says he is a 

follower of "the prophet Elija Mu- 
hammad." But Haider contends that 
Elija Muhammad is not regarded as 
a prophet by Muslims of the world, 
because the Koran says that the 
original Muhammad was the last 
pi-ophet and anyone claiming to be 
a prophet since then is "a false one." 
The boxer was invited to speak at 
the college by the Associated Stu- 
dents' Convocations Commission. In- 
stead of speaking, he invited the 
group to ask him questions. 


San Francisco (EP) — Upset be- 
cause they were denied use of the 
sanctuary of Glide Methodist Mem- 
orial Church, a dozen or so long- 
haired youths filed into the morning 
service and angrily beat their drums 
on the front row. 

Rev. Cecil 'Williams' sermon was 
momentarily stopped and 300 wor- 
shippers sat in stunned silence. 

"The sermon is mine," Pastor Wil- 
liams told his congregation. "The 
harrassment is theirs. These kids are 
just on an ego trip." Resuming his 
sermon he stressed the need to "love 

everyone." To which one of the flow-i 
er children with shoulder-length hairl 
shouted back, "Bull!" according toi 
a UPI press report. 

A spokesman for the hippies said) 
they were protesting the closure of a< 
150-seat chapel on the floor below, i 
He said the chapel was needed for 24- 1 
hour dancing, meditation and relaxa-| 


Atlanta (EP) — The Christian In-« 
dex, official periodical of the (Geor- 
gia Baptist Convention, has objected 
strongly to teetotaling (Governor Les-. 
ter Maddox's method of handling a' 
brewery deal. J 

An unusually critical editorial de-i 
Glared that Maddox should have is-- 
sued some kind of statement con-i 
cerning his approval of a proposed 
$40 million beer plant to go up in: 
Perry, Ga. this spring. 

"The least the Baptist gov'ernor 
could have done," said the editorial, 
"would be to make a statement de: 
fending free enterprise and local con- 
trol — two of his favorite themes — i 
but reaffirming his personal opjxsi 
tion to alcoholic beverage." 

Cutting off hands that heal 


•"pHEIR GUNS belching hot lead, waves of Viet Cong 
X soldiers overran the Vietnam mission station at 
Ban Me Thuot, killing five missionaries and wounding 
a sixth who died in a hospital later. 

The brutal invasion which destroyed the Christian and 
Missionary Alliance station in the central highlands 160 
miles north of Saigon occurred either January 30 or 31, 
according to William Kerr, C&MA Acting Area Secre- 
tary for Southeast Asia. 

Dead are the Rev. Robert Ziemer, 50, fourth term 
missionary from Toledo, Ohio who had one daughter in 
Dalat School, the denomination's institution at Tanah 
Rata, Malaysia for children of missionaries. (His v\afe, 
Ruth, was injured but survived); Rev. and Mrs. C. Ed- 
ward Thompson, third-term missionaries who had five 
children — two in the U.S. and three at Dalat School; 
a nurse, Ruth Wilting, from Cleveland, Ohio, who was 
in her second term; Leon Griswald, 67, a retu-ed business 
man on a short-term work trip to be with his daughter, 
Carolyn, 40. She became the sixth victim when she 
died later from severe injuries. 

Ban Me Thuot was one of many strategic centers 

hit by the fierce marauders at the start of the lunaj' 
new year celebration TET. The Viet Cong, seizing eveii 
the U.S. Embassy in Saigon for a short time, seemei 
willing to trade more than 15,000 of their best soldiers 
lives for some propaganda headlines and vivid impreii 
sions as they plunged into certain death time after time 
Allied losses were put at 364 that week. 

Wycliffe Bible Tremslators' missionary Hank Blood ■ 
one of 46 of the agency's linguists in Vietnam, was cai 
tured by the Viet Cong but Mi-s. Blood and their fou 
children are reportedly safe. 

In Washington^ D.C., Bob Pierce was able to use th 
U.S. Embassy's communications facilities to learn tha 
World Vision International's six adult missionaries an 
three children of Doug and Linda Cozart were safi 
The World Vision Saigon headquarters are adjacent t 
the U.S. Embassy which was attacked by the Viet Con( 

President Johnson said that the Communist offensive '■ 
in the south could endanger any prospect of a bombin 
halt as a prelude to negotiations for ending the wsur. 

The missionaries remaining in Vietnam will decici 
among themselves whether evacuation is necessary. 

February 17, 1968 

Page Seventeen 


James E. Norrls 

Program for March 




Scripture: Psalm 14 

Introduction : 

Spiritual death came, when Adam fell; but God was 
very patient, He let man live for over nine hundred 
/ears. Becaxise of Adam's sinfulness the length of man's 
life span was cut to one hundred twenty years, then 
later to seventy years. God's Word tells us in Genesis 
3:5, "And God saw tliat the wickedness of man was great 
in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts 
3f his heart was only evil continually. And it repented 
the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it 
grieved him at his heart." Man looks at the outward 
appearance, but God looks on the heart. 

When Scunuel was told by the Lord to go and seek 
xit a king of the sons of Jesse, he was told, "Look not 
on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; be- 
cause I have refused him; for the Lord seeth not as 
man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, 
but the Lord looketh on the heart" (I Sam. 16:7). The 
Lord is more interested in what a man is, than what 
he looks like. 

ropics for discussion: 

1. The heart is the seat of thought. Proverbs 23:7. 

As he thinketh in his heart, so is he. Now read Matth- 
ew 5:28. Discuss briefly. 

2. The heart is the seat of love. Mark 12:30-34. 

After reading this Scripture, can anything be added. 

3. The heart is the seat of hatred. Leviticus 19:17, 18. 

God requires a clean heart. There is no place for 
hatred in the life of a Christian, because it stirs up 
strife and causes unhappiness and because love and ha- 

tred cannot dwell in the same heart. We have many e.x- 
amples of hatred in God's Word: Esau for Jacob; Jo- 
seph's brothers; Herodias for John and the Jews for 
Christ. Matthew 15:19 says, "For out of the heart pro- 
ceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, 
thief ts, false witness, blasphemies: These are the things 
which defile a man." 

4. God gives man a new heart. 

David prayed in Psalm 51:10, "Create in me a clean 
heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me." This 
short prayer was a prayer from the depths of the heart. 
Nathan the prophet had come to him and told him of 
his sin, after he had gone in to Bathsheba. The Psalm 
51 is a prayer for remission of sin. In John the third 
chapter, there is the story of a man who came to Jesus 
by night. He was a good man by all moral and religious 
standards of the day, but he did not have a clean heart; 
he was not born again. He had religion but he did not 
have a new heart. The new birth is experienced only 
when a complete surrender of ourselves to Him is made. 
"The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest 
the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, 
and whither it goeth: so is every one that Is born of 
the Spirit" (John 3:8). 


Page Eighteen Xhe Brethren Evangelist I 


by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 

People who met the Master 


•"pHE OBJECT of this study is not merely to cover the 
A material presented. Throughout the study the 
leader should be very sensitive to any questions or 
thoughts that the membei-s of the group might raise. 
Give these primary attention if they arise. Be sure that 
there is an atmosphere which lends itself to the asking 
of questions and the promotion of discussion. 

Aim of Study 

This study shows what our response should be when 
Christ confronts us with the question: "What do you 
seek?" and the statement: "Follow Me." 

This study is in three parts. The leader should place 
these three divisions on a chalkboard along with the ap- 
propriate Scripture. The complete Scripture is John 
1:35-46. He should also introduce the study by telling 
the group where these events took place and identify 
the people involved. Materials needed: Pencil and paper 
for each person. 

A. A Question — What do you seek? (John 1:35-38). 

1. Andrew was one of these two men. We believe 
that the other might have been John, the be- 
loved disciple. 

2. Ask the group who said: "Behold the Lamb of 
God" (John 1:35). 

Make sure they know the difference between 
John the Baptist and John the Disciple. 

3. At this point, if there will be time, there should 
be a discussion of what the statement "Lamb of 
God" meant. Check a Bible dictionary or an- 
other help. 

4. These two men followed Jesus as soon as they 
heard John the Baptist's statement in 1:35. The 
leader should point out that John had been 
preaching repentance from sin, and so these two 
men probably connected his preaching with Jesus 
when they heard the words: "Behold the Lamb 
of God." Also, notice that the men responded 
because they knew that they needed something. 

5. Luke 5:31, 32 — Read these verses and discuss 
thom. They show what it is that everyone needs 
and they show what Jesus was doing. 

G. "What do you seek?" Have someone read 
Matthew 6:33 and talk about what it moans in 
our lives. 

B. An Invitation — Come and see (John 1:39-42). 

1. Wliat was the reaction of the two men when 
Jesus said: "Come and see"? 

2. The leader should ask the group what the actions 
of the two men tell us about how we should re- 
spond to God's call. In answering make sure it 
is mentioned that we not only need to say "yes" 
to God's call, but we also need to spend time in 
fellowship with Him, just as the two men did. i 

3. In verse 41 we see Andrew immediately spread- J 
ing the news of the discovery he had made. Point ( 
out to the group that this seems to be the first .1 
thing Andrew did. Should it also be first in our , 
lives? I 

4. Name some other people in the Bible who } 
brought people to Christ, in person or by prayer, j 

5. Discuss the qualifications Andrew had so that he 
could witness. Point out that the real key to 
his witnessing was that Andrew had experienced 
Christ in his life and therefore had something 
to tell about. 

6. If there is time you could discuss witnessing in ji 
terms of your local situation and contacts. f 

C. A Command — "Follow me" (John 1:43-46). j 

1. Discuss what the word "found" (1:43, 45) has to 
do with witnessing. It should be mentioned that 
we cannot just sit back and wait for people to 
come to us and ask about our Lord. 

2. Turn to John 6:1-14. Discuss what lessons Philip; 
and Andrew might have learned from that ex- 

3. Give each boy a sheet of paper and a pencil. 
Have each write what it means to him to "follow 
Jesus." These then may be read and discussed. 

4. Finally, siunmarize, by writing on the chalk- 
board the following which shows how these twd 
men were able to follow Christ: 

(a) Recognized their need 

(b) Found a full satisfaction in Christ 

(c) Carried on^ bringing other people to Christ., 

D. For Additional Discussion 

1. In connection with John 8:31, discuss the differ- 
ence between a believer and a disciple. 

2. What are some principles we should follow in a 
witnessing situation? , 

3. Discuss the place and importance of f riendlinesi : 
in developing an opportunity to witness. 

February 17, 1968 

Boys' Brotherhood Study Article — 

Page Nineteen 

God's World in the Bible 



n* VERYONE IS VERY WELL AWARE of the fact that 
f I time is swiftly passing and you boys and young 
pen have many activities and duties. However, it might 
36 good at this time for you to pause and consider the 
3ath that you're walking. Are you concerned about the 
!;oals of the brotherhood? Are you co-operating with 
,'aur men advisors in attending meetings, serving as 
eaders of discussion groups, and adding to the spiritual 
velfare of the group? Have you been reading God's 
A^'ord, and praying about your life, and seeking divine 
;uidanco in your daily living and witnessing? Have 
.'ou prayerfully considered the projects for this year 
ind the active part you can have in fulfilling this 
ichievement? Are you aware of the effect of a Christ- 
an's walk, talk, and actions in the lives cind attitudes 
)f those whom you come in contact daily? If you have 
my suggestions or criticisms, let us hear from you. 
four idea may be the one that has a great impact in 
>ur plans for the coming years. 

Aloes (N.T.), a member of the lily family, is a plant 
:hat has a cluster of thick fleshy basal leaves which 
:ontain aloin. This substance, when dissolved in water 
md added to Myrrh, was used by the ancients in their 
lighly perfected art of embalming (John 19:3840). 

Anise, (anis, greek anathon, dill) an annual, weedy 
cluster which grows like parsley and fennel. Wrongly 
raiislated anise, this plant was cultivated for its arom- 
itic seeds, which records tell us were subject of tithing 
Matthew 23:23). This subject of tithing is a great 
"pic often discussed as to its necessity. I've often won- 
tercd why we debate its necessity when perhaps we 
ihould be performing this act of love willingly. It def- 
nitely should be something we desire to do rather than 
eel it's something we must do. 

1 Bulrush, a tall, slender reed-like plant which formerly 
;rew prolifically in and along the banks of the lower 
isfile. Papyrus provided the earliest known material for 
he making of paper which gets its name from this 
i)lant (Exodus 2:3). This is a story vei-y familiar and 
'me that you might like to read again in order to re- 
tore this historical drama to your memory. You should 
)e able to name the persons inv-olved before reading 
his passage of Scripture. 

Bush (burning bush — Exodus 3:2, 3), one of the many 
horny acacias which in early times grew thickly over 
he Holy Land. When the berries of the mistltoe cover 

the bush, (red, glowing, and transparent), they give the 
appearance of a burning bush. (It might be interesting 
to know if this is the mistletoe that we often associate 
with the Christmas holidays and the person standing 
under this plant may be kissed. The first answer I 
receive from any boy or young man concerning this wiU 
receive a Bible, the second will be awarded a New 
Testament, and the third answer will get a Billy Graham 
paperback book). 

Camphire, one of the earliest known of the spices and 
perfumes, and lauded by King Solomon for its beautiful 
fragrance. It is also the henna of the Arabs. The dried 
leaves of the plant crushed and made into a paste pro- 
vide a violent yellow stain for the hair and beard. This 
is of no relation to the camphor tree of Chineses origin. 
The camphire still grow abundantly by the Dead Sea of 
Engedi (Songs of Solomon 1:14). 

Cockle, a sturdy noxious weed introducing itself into 
wheat and barley fields. The seeds are poisonous if 
ground with flour (Job 31:40). The harmful (noxious) 
weed of sin is being introduced in many devious ways 
in our lives daily and this certainly is poisonous if 
allowed to be mixed with our daily living. Sin can and 
v/ill be overcome by the righteousness of our Lord and 
Savior Jesus Christ. Prayer can do away with the pow- 
er of sin and Satan. The Devil may have the lock but 
Christ has (and is) the key to a life of forgiveness and 
a life of eternal blessed security. 

Eelgrass (Hebrew suph, weeds), the marine eelgrass 
of tidal waters. It may grow out to a depth of 35 feet 
in the sea itself. Its three to four foot long slimy, rib- 
bon-like leaves lie in submerged masses, a menace to 
the offshore diver who may become fouled in their coils 
(John 2:5). This verse carries a great sermon (example 
or lesson) for us if we take the time to study and apply 
it to our present day life. 

Flax, the plant used to make linen (Luke 23:53). The 
fibers from the stem of the plant are the most ancient 
of all textile fibers. Fla.x supplied the linen thread for 
the swaddling clothes of the infant Jesus, as well as in 
the burial wrappings. 

Galbanuni, a gum resin excreted from the incised 
lower part of the stem of any one of the nine species 
of this genus Ferula growing as stout herbaceous peren- 
nials in the Holy Land. When the hardened tears of this 

Page Twenty 

The Kretliren Kvan;;plistJ 

rosin arc burned, the odor is i>ungcnt and i)lcasant 
(Kxodus 30:34-36). 

(iail, the .jiiico of the opium poppy. Opium is the dried 
.juice tliat o.xudcs from tlic incised (cut in) capsules of 
the opium po|)py. It induces a sleep so heavy that the 
person l)ccomes insensible. Tlio juice of this poppy was 
added to vinegar and offered to Jesus (Matthew 27:32- 

Follows, you may ask yourself tiie question, "Am I 
offering a ty])e of Galbanum and sweet spices to the 
I/ird as Moses was requested to do in E.xodus 30:34-37?" 
This would l)o a perfume pure and holy and was to be 
a holy offering to the Lord. Or arc you offering the 
bitter gall to Jesus as we read in Matthew 27:32-34? 
Your actions, beliefs, and witncssings will mirror your 

Gourd, a large bush ten feet high with broad leaves, 
is mentioned in Jonah 4:5-7. This is our castor bean. 
Castor oil is pressed from its seeds. This oil was not 
used medicinally by the Hebrews, but as fuel for lamps 
and in their ceremonial rites. All true gourds are native 
to tropical America, therefore could not have been 
known in Palestine in Biblical times. 

Hemlock, a tall and f)oisonous herbaceous plant which 
wlicn injured emits a disagreeable odor. All parts of it, 
particularly the seeds, contain an oily substance known 
as caria. If taken internally by humans this irritant 
causes paralysis, convulsions and even death (Hosea 

Lilies (of the field), the plant of Luke 12:27. It is 
thought to bo the anemone or windflower. Blooming 
from a bulb after the spring rains, its colorful blossoms 
cai-pet the plains and roadsides. 

Lily, a true lily, its flowers a glowing red, the chalce- 
donicum lily grew in King Solomon's garden. It was a 
symbol of loveliness (Song of Solomon 5:13). 

Myrtle, a large evergreen shrub with fragrant flowers 
and spicy-sweet scented leaves. All parts of the plant 
are somewhat perfumed. It has been used as a symbol 
of beauty and sweetness (Isaiah 55:13). Out of its leafy 
twigs were made wreaths of acclaim and its boughs 
adorned the lx)oths of the ancients at feast time. 

Reed, the plumed hollow-stemmed water plant found 
in the Holy Land by the sides of rivers and in standing 
waters (Job 40:21). It grows in clumps, its stalks reach- 
ing 12 feet in height. Reed pens were made from the 

Rolling; Thins: (Rose of Jericho), the "rolling thing" of 
Isaiah 17:13 and the "Wheel" of Psalm 93:13. In all 
probaljility those refer to the Palestinian tumbleweed, 
long known as the "holy resurrection flower." A mem- 
ber of the mustard family, the six inch long stems of 
this annual lie in a circle flat on the ground until the 
seeds are mature; then the stems become dry and in- 
ciu'ved, forming a globe. The wind finally breaks the 
dry tap root at ground level, rolling the plant over and 
over. Finally coming to rest, with the help of the rains, 
r(X)ts appear, the stems unroll and new shoots with 
loa\es and flowers soon appear. 

Regardless of where we move or how far we roam 
into other localities, we can still put our faith roots 
down and let our leaves and flowers spi-out unto the 
glory of God. Let's be constant and consistent in our 
right(H>us maturity and let oiu' seeds be sown where 
they will grow in soul salvation. 

Rose of Sharon, a literal translation of the Hebrew] 
word havatstseleth indicates a bulbous plant instead ofl 
a woody vine or shrub belonging to the genus Rosa. 1 
Botanists have concluded that the Sharon tulip found on; 
sandy soil on the Sharon Coastal plain is the "Rose of| 
Sharon" of our Song of Solomon 2:1, 2. 

Saffron, the stigmas of the autumn crocus, highly) 
valued for their aromatic odor and their vivid orangej 
dye used in food coloring. The plant grows from a bulb: 
(Song of Solomon 4:14). 

Spikenard, the rose-red, fragrant ointment made from] 
the dried roots and woody stems of this" plant was a) 
favorite perfume of the ancients. A precious ointmentj 
(Mark 14:3), it was and still is transported in an ala-i 
baster box to preseiive its fragrance. Because it hadt 
to be imported from northern India, it was e.xtremelyi 
yet understandably costly. Perhaps we can learn fromi 
this example as told in Mark 14:3, that we should sparei 
no expense or shirk any labor that will honor and glor- 
ify Jesus and His plan for the redeeming of individuals,i 

Tares, the annual bearded darnel or rye grass thatJ 
flourishes in wheat fields. It is difficult to tell it from( 
wheat or rye until it heads. After harvest the wheat? 
is fanned, then put through a sieve. The smaller darnel 
seeds left after fanning pass through the sieve leaving' 
the wheat behind. The darnel is host to an ergot-like^ 
smut fungus which infects the seeds. The fungus is a 
sei-ious poison if eaten by animals or man. Read Matthew> 
13:25 for further study and perhaps to be used as ob-i 
ject lesson or sermon. This paragraph written above 
and the Biblical passage in Matthew 13:25 will apply 
to many church going people today. Boys, as a challenge, 
why don't you write an article or sermonette on this. 

Thorns, one of numerous and different spiny plants 
included under this generic term thorn. The thorn 
(zizyphus spina-Christi L of Isaiah 7:19, 55:13, and Mat- 
thew 7:16), and also the Palestine Buckhorn (Genesis 
3:18, Proverbs 15:19, Isaiah 33:12, Psalm 58:9, and i 
Hosea 2:6), are the two "thorney" shrubs most wide- i 
spread and well-known in Biblical times in Palestine. ! 
Both were planted as hedges and the latter used as fire- 
woixl under the moat pots. 

Wild Gourd, a vine resembling the cucumber, running 
wild over large areas in the Holy Land. When the 
orange sized fruit is ripe, it biu-sts. The dry powderj 
pulp is highly inflammable. The powdered pulp, wher 
used as a medicine is a violent purgative (II King 4:38 

Wormwood, a species related to our western sagebrusl 
and the source of an essential oil obtained from the drief 
leaves and tops of the plant. Absintlie, a liqueur, the con 
tinuous use of which leads to mental deterioration an( 
even death, derives its flavor from this oil (Laments 
tions 3:15, 19). The plant is a symbol of bitterness. 

In closing, may this be a reminder that a new yeai 
is upon us, and many things need our attention to mak 
ing this a successful year for the "Risen and Livin) 
Savior" in our Young Men's and Boys' Brotherhooi 
Organization. Your cooperation is sought and needed ii 
the use of time, talents, tithes, and treasures. Distric 
and general conferences need your presence, your pai 
ticipation, and your prayers. 

Don't forgot the Sword Drill, we encourage you t 
take part. Remember God will continue to bless yoi 
in all your endeavors for Him. 

ebniary 17, 1968 

l'ii{;o Twenty-one 





A S EVERYONE KNOWS, we are involved — for 

^\ better or worse — in an age of revolution. Social, 

[olitical and economic upheaval are all about us. Amid 
e turmoil and confusion of contemporary life, Ameri- 

an families, Christian and non-Christian, are undergoing 

;vere trials which were unknown in earlier generations. 
Certainly, the "secular society" has always been with 
;. But the frightening thing that seems to be happen- 

ig is that the Church is operating in reverse. Instead 
the people of God penetrating the world with the 

alues and ideals of the Christian Way, the values and 

leals of secular society have stormed into the Church. 

hus, we ha\e created a "new American religion" which 
gaining influence and status for the Church while 

xcrif icing the mes.sage with which it has been en- 

The interest in and commitment to this "new Ameri- 

m religion" is very deep and real — but it is not the 
ew Testament faith. Indeed, "the average number of 

IT churches neither reflects an intelligent awareness 

the deeper demands of the Christian faith as a radical 

ay of life, nor does he demon.strate a serious commit- 

lent of himself to that way of life."' 
Youth are going astray and we all wonder why. Part 
the problem must certainly be the home. Whether 
not parents are willing to admit it, they are the 
ost influential teachers their children will ever have. 
Many Christian parents feel a need to teach their 
lildren Bible facts and stories, how to pray and the 
isic facts of life. What they often forget is that they 
e also the cliildren's teachers in the field of personal 
lationships. For instance, it is usually within I he home 
lat a child develops his ideas of what it means to be 
person. He also develops fundamental concepts of how 
isbands and wives relate. In addition, children usually 
■ceive from their parents their first ideas about work. 
These matters are all very important but_ even more 
2;nificant is the formation of attitudes. Attitudes 
rmed in childhood often shape the person's whole life. 
ley color all information later acquired, determining 

the value a person attaches to the information he 

Unfortunately, the Church currently considers fighting 
social, economic and political wars more important than 
the development of New Testament attitudes for adults 
and children. The church must teach its families that 
parents are God's representatives and representations to 
children. They appear gixllike, and God seems to the 
child parentlike. Early childhood knows little of right 
or wrong e.^xept what is learned from the parents. 
Eventually children realize that even godlike persons 
fail and fall short. Thus the child may learn that God 
is someone much bettor and more wonderful even than 

Secondly, he may learn that when ho has failed he 
must also ask forgiveness of God and of other people 
if he has done them wrong. The parent is the child's 
first step toward God, but the decisive step is one of 
Ijersonal faith in Christ as Savior. 

The potentiality of the home as a teaching institution 
is staggering. "Both parents and the child need to re- 
alize that the home is the most important factor in 
training the child for total Christianity. The home is 
the school of Christian living, the most fundamental in- 
stitution in the world, the nursery of evei-y generation, 
the c;)llego of life and the training ground of the 
child." 2 

The Christian home is, without a doubt, a crucial mat- 
ter in The Brethren Church, present and future. Will 
we provide for family worship, education, ministry, wit- 
ness and fellowship in a vital Christian setting or will 
we allow the secular revolution to become a substitute 
for real Christian commitment in the all-important 


1. Findlcy B. Edge. A Quest for Vitality in Religion. 
(Nashville: Broadman, 1963), p.l8. 

2. J. Edwai-d Hakes (ed.). Evangelical Christian Edu- 
cation. (Chicago: Moody. 1964), p. 406. 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Discussed in new Regal Book 



JERUSALEM — the most war-ravaged city of all time 
** — and her world-shaking rendezvous with destiny is 
the timely subject of a new Regal Book, Inside Jerusa- 
lem, City of Destiny by Dr. Arnold Olson just released 
by Gospel Light Publications of Glendale, California. 

The author, President of the Evangelical Free Chui-ch 
of America and Vice-President of the National Associa- 
tion of Ex'angeUcals, has traveled extensively through- 
out the world and made numerous trips to the Holy 
Land. He was in Jerusalem, Israel, prior to the Israeli- 
Arab blitzkrieg of 1967 lecturing at the American Insti- 
tute of Holy Land Studies, directed by Dr. C. Douglas 
Young, an American from Chicago^ Illinois. Dr. Olson's 
stay in Israel, terminating just before the outbreak of 
hostilities, is the backdrop for his strikingly different 
book on the subject. 

Dr. Olson's 'oook is far more than a report on the 
tension-building events leading up to and provoking the 
six-day war. Its purpose is to show the significant re- 
lationship of the recent conflict with regard to the pres- 
ent and future of Jerusalem as related to world events 
and the prediction of Scripture — including the greatest 
and most terrible of all wars yet to be fought over 
that city! 

Inside Jerusalem is impregnated with objectivity, doc- 
umentation and Biblical references. He brings together 
in his broad review and appraisal the secular and spir- 
itual aspects of the recent conflict in a unique and pro- 
vocative way. This is an eye-opening contrast to the 
post-war rush and to the press of articles and books on 
the subject. The majority of the books have presented 
the matter from the secular viewpoint, analyzing the 
military, economic, political, sociological and humani- 
tarian aspects. Others apply Biblical interpretation 
from the viewpoint of eschatology while still others, 
anticipating the prophetic interpretation, have sought to 
negate such a view in advance. Dr. Olson's coui-ageous 
treatment of this relevant, controversial subject will 
challenge the thinl^ing of people of all faiths. 

The book opens with Dr. Olson's observation of Israel's 
nineteenth anniversary of her rebirth as a nation and 
his meeting with the religious, governmental and univer- 
sity personnel while a guest of Jerusalem's Mayor Teddy 
Kollek. He reflects on the nation's emergence: 

"Today Israel is a new nation — with the same name 
— the same religion — the same language — the same 
race as three thousand years ago. . . . The people come 
from 102 different countries, representing many differ- 
ent kinds and color of Jews and of culture being weld- 
ed together — a miracle of human transformation . . . 
Jews ha\'e returned following a 'shaking' in many parts 
of the world, the government has been solidly estab- 
lished, but there is little sign of religious life of other 
nations. It has the form of godliness but is lacking in 
spiritual power." Concerning the nation's capital he 

"The toast of the Jews to their city is 'Jei^usalem for- 

"Jerusalem, which by natural laws should long since 
ha\'e been forgotten except on the pages of ancient hist- 
ory, defies the very course of history. She has turned 
history upside down. No city has experienced as much 
devastation and bloodshed, or survived as riiany attempts 
to destroy her. She has e.xperienced forty seiges and 
thirty-two partial destructions. She has risen from 
ashes five times and has changed hands at least twentyn 
si.x times. She has suffered three wars in the last twenty 
years. No wonder the eyes of the nations are focused 
on Jerusalem, still standing and very much alive. One 
tries in vain to explain this phenomenon. True, it ia 
located in the center of the Middle East. True, it is the( 
land, sea, and air link between the continents of Europe/j 
Asia and Africa. But Jerusalem itself has no great im 
dustries, no known oil resei*ves, no natural wealth. AS 
recently as a generation ago it showed all the signs ol' 
a city under a curse. It was a city of neglected sepul! 
chers, crumbling Holy Place, and the final earthly dwell i 
ing place for a few jxxjr but pious Jews who were ded 
icated to spending their last days on earth in that city 

"It is a city that could not die, a country that, thougl 
dormant for centuries, has suddenly and dramatically 
come back to life. It is a city again the center of work 
interest. It is the Eternal City. 

"Jerusalem, a miracle just in our time? No, a miradi 
for centuries past — a miracle for ages to come. Jeru' 
salem has a rendezvous vv-ith destiny. It's no secret' 
(See Joel 3:16-20). 

Concerning the conflict and its outcome. Dr. Olson'- 
comments focus on the age-end events which are beini 
and are yet to be fulfilled. 

"The 70-hom- was began unexpectedly . . . the firs 
few minutes were au-ful, but the celestial anny invisibl; 
protected the population. 

"For a few hours there was fear in the capitals c 
the world that Israel might become overnight a battle 
field for a war between the great powers of the Eas 
and the West. Not even the hindsight of history wd 
be able to tell how close we were to an Armageddor 
The only answer as to why war did not come must b 
that 'the time was not yet!' 

"One cannot avoid the feeling that with all respe( 
for the discipline and ability of the military, there is a 
element of the miraculous in the recent rout of the Aral 
just as there was in 1948 and 1956. . . . Israel's repr 
sentative at the United Nations Security Council, Gi 
eon Rafael, said Israel's troops did not fight alone ft 
the angel of the Lord was with them. 

"When Rabbi Shlomo Goren^ senior chaplain for U 
Israeli Defense Forces, offered the first prayer at tl 
Wailing Wall he declared with quivering voice: 'We ha' 
taken the city of God. We are entering the Messian- 
era for the Jewish people.' " 

Dr. Olson discussed the question that nations arouii 
the world are asking. "Can the Jews hold the city 
Jerusalem?" He emphasized that if they do, "then tl 

ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 

:nd of an age is here!" Then he considers what will 

In summing up his book, Dr. Olson presented a frank- 
y provocative, Biblical case for methods and procedures 
n the evangelization of the Jews. He writes with cour- 
ige and conviction in speaking up for evangelicals, con- 
irming their hope and the hope of Israel's Messianic 

"It is hoped that the recent events in Israel have 
trengthened the interest and faith of evangelicals in 
he Holy Bible. May it also bring a new interest in the 
Jible method and urgency of evangelism. 

"While we have been dealing with the Scriptures and 
he Eternal City of Jerusalem, we must not lose sight 
'f the fact that the primary purpose of the Book of 
rooks is not to deal with a city but with man who also 

has a rendezvous with destiny. He, too, is eternal. If 
the Scriptures have proven themselves in the area of 
predictions regarding the city should we not also give 
serious and personal consideration to what it has to say 
about man? 

"The Scrip tui-es have more to say about Jesus than 
Jerusalem. It would be tragic, if in our search for the 
answer to the question of international security and 
peace we missed the one who has come that the indi- 
vidual might have life smd have it to the full. ... It is 
in the Scriptures that one finds the secret not only to 
the eventual salvation of a nation but of the individual." 

NOTE: This new Regal book will be available April 
1, 1968, at approximately 95c per copy from the Brethren 
Publishing Company. Plan now to read this interesting 
b(X)k on the city of Jerusalem! 


VBS can, should and must be a time of concentrated 
ffort to reach children for Jesus Christ. Vacation Bible 
Ichool should be a time for vital teaching. The value 
f VBS is incalculable since lives are being touched for 

The Board of Christian Education would like to assist 
ou in preparing for VBS 1968 through our filmstrip 
ibrary. There are a number of filmstrips that will help 
ou obtain teachers, motivate them and prepare them to 
each in Vacation Bible School. All the filmstrips listed 
elow may be obtained for a rental fee of $1.00 per 
ilmstrip from: Board of Christian Education, 534 Col- 
ige Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805. Please order at least 
wo weeks in advance of the showing date since these 
ilmstrips will be in great demand. Give the number and 
itle of the filmstrip/s you desire, when you wish to 
how them, your name and address, and second choices 
hould your first choice be unavailable. 
■5 The Great Adventure - 72 frames, b&w photos, rec 
& man, adults, 14 min. 

The aim of this filmstrip is to motivate people to 
want to teach in the church and to train for such 
teaching. It does so by presenting the boys and diffi- 
culties experienced by one teacher of Jr. High young 
i"-!* The Christian Teacher - 44 frames, color photos, 
caps & man, leaders & teachers. 

As the title implies, this filmstrip presents the 
duties, responsibilities, obligations, rewards, require- 
ments and challenge of those who have been selected 
as teachers. 

Vacation Bible School 
S-18 It Can Happen in Summer - 37 frames, b&w 
photos, manual, leaders & teachers. 

Members of a church not having a Vacation Church 

School become aware of the need for one in their 

1 community. Through visiting other Vacation Church 

I Schools they get ideas for starting one of their own. 

li-20 Planning and Conducting the Vacation Bible School 

- 66 frames, b&w draws, manual, leaders & teachers. 

Through a case history of one church, the adminis- 
trative facets of conducting a Vacation Church School 
are presented in such a way as to inspire and encour- 
age Vacation Bible School workers. 

Knowing Pupils 
G-ll Similarities in Growth - 50 frames, color photos, 
manual, leaders & teachers. 

There are five basic needs common to children, 
youth and adults. Practical suggestions are made of 
ways teachers can meet these needs. 
G-12 Difference in Growth - 50 frames, color photos, 
manual, leaders & teachers. 

Pupils of all ages have many individual differences. 
These differences among pupils are shown to be a 
source of many problems, as well as opportunity for 
the Sunday School teacher and parent. 

Training Teachers 
F-45 Beginner Sunday School Work - 40 frames, color 
photos, manual, leaders & teachers. 

One of the primai-y functions is to show how an 
effective organization may be established and main- 
tained, covering such areas as Beginner needs, equip- 
ment needed, literature and records. 
(S-l Primary Sunday School Work - 40 frames, color 
photos, manual, leaders & teachers. 

This filmstrip presents the organization of the Pri- 
mary department — how it answers Primary age- 
group needs. Suggestions are given for equipment, lit- 
erature and records. 
G-3 Junior Sunday School Work - 40 frames, color pho- 
tos, manual, leaders & teachers. 

The filmstrip presents characteristics of Juniors, 
their needs and how to meet these needs, and sugges- 
tions for organizing this department. 
G-3 Intermediate Sunday School Work - 40 frames, 
color photos, manual, teachers & leaders. 

Following is an outline of contents: (1) Introduction 
— basic definition, (2) Intermediate needs, (3) Or- 
ganizing to meet needs, (4) Methods of meeting needs, 
(5) Department at work, (6) Conclusion. 

"TEACH" Records Available at 75c each rental fee 
la — "How to Be a Successful Teacher" by Henrietta 

C. Mears 
2 — How Much Do You Have to Know? (Bible Lesson 

You Can Teach Through Stories (Bible Storytell- 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelist] 

3 — The Ins and Outs of Discipline 

That They May Meet God (Worship) 
4. — Meet Johnny, The Preschooler (How Does He 
Learn, Ages 2-5) 

Looking in on Preschoolers (Kindergarten Depart- 

5 — Meet Johnny, the Primary (How Does He Learn, 

Grades 1-3) 

Looking in on Primaries (Second Grade Demon- 
stration Class) 

6 — Meet John, the Junior (How does He Learn, 

Grades 4-6) 

Looking in on Juniors (Fifth Grade Demonstra-i 
tion Class) 
7 — Meet John, the Youth (How Does He Learn, i 
Grades 7-12) 

Looking in on Youth (Tenth Grade Demonstration! 

Other filmstrip for training teachers are listed in ourj 
Filmstrip Index. Consult it for further information. Each I 
pastor and/or church should ha\-e a Filmstrip Inde.x — 
either our old one or the newly revised Index found ini 
the Christian Education Manual. 



Revelation 7:1-8 

Part XXI 


TN ONE SENSE, chapter 7 is a "parenthesis," coming 
■'■ between the opening of the first six seals (chapter 
6) and the opening of the seventh seal (chapter 8). In 
another sense, however, it can bo considered "as a con- 
tinuation of the action and course of events signified 
by the breaking of the sixth seal" (J. A. Seiss, The 
Apocalypse, p. 160). Seiss sees this sixth seal as em- 
bracing three visions: "first, the prodigious commotions 
which fill the world with consternation; second, the 
sealing of the 144,000; and (third), the multitude of 
palm-bearers before the throne" (Ibid., p. 170). Our 
main interest, in this present message, will center upon 
verses 1-8, dealing with the sealing of the 144,000. Such 
a vision may also serve to answer the question pro- 
pounded in 6:17: ". . . and who shall be able to stand?" 
As we noted, from Psalm 1:5b, the ungodly will not 
be able to stand (i.e., endure) this "wrath of the Lamb," 
depicted, in chapter 6, in terms of the great tribulation 
judgments. Also, it is quite clear, from the total context 
of this book, that the New Testament Church of Christ 
is not being considered in this question — for, they 
have already been raptured. The only answer must be 
the martyred saints already pictured in 6:9-11 — and, 
no doubt, many who also will accept Christ after the 
rapture but somehow will be able to escape death at 
the hands of the Antichrist and his followers. There is 
no reason why we cannot call this group of believers the 
tribulation church — refining the term "church" as 
God's "called-out" ones. Such a "church" will be made up 
— first, of Jewish believers (symbolized here by the 
144,000) — and, then, of an innumerable host of Gentiles 
who probably are won to Christ through their (the Jews) 
world-wide evangelistic witness (vs. 11-14). 

In the broad scheme of redemption, God has — and a\ . 
ways will have — "His Church" (those "called-out" whc 
remain true and faithful to the word of their God). Ir j 
this light, verses 1-8 have a message to the total Church j 
of Christ — irrespective its age or time. That mossag(.l 
comes here, in a figurative sense — teaching us that j 
whate\'er oui' trial, test, or tribulation — God will sea j 
(protect and preserve) all who will keep themselves 11 
wholly unto Himself (cf. Romans 8:35-39). He ever sus-* 
tains His own whatever their condition or state. Hi.'.j 
controlling power is ever exercised in the interest o j 
His "called-out" ones. ij 

However, our main concern is with the literal appli i 
cation of these verses in the light of the coming tribu j 
lation. It is this application which teaches us that afte :l 
the rapture of the New Testament Church, a larg' j 
number of Jews will turn to Christ as their Messiah | 
Savior. Such are to be empowered of God to go fortl | 
through all the world as His evangelists to the unbcj 
licving Gentiles. ' 

There seems little reason to doubt — as we conside i 
this literal application of these verses, that "the sen i 
ants of our God," mentioned in veree 3, are the ver. i 
same ones as described, in 6:9-11, under the fifth seal 
(i.e., the martyred saints). This group may not mak i 
up the entire number, however, for it seems reasonabl I 
to believe that thei-e will be many — both believing Je\' 
and Gentile — who, somehow, will be able to escap I 
actual martyrdom. The main thing we want to notilj 
liowever, is that — once again — we are dealing wit ] 
events out of chronological order. These tribulation b' i 
lievers, of verses 1-8, are here pictured very much ali\ j | 
— ■ while, in 6:9-11, some of them, at least, are picture ' 


ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Twenty-live 

s already slain and their souls under the altar in 

The seal of protection — mentioned in verse 4 — does 
ot mean to convey that these 144,000 shall escape 
lartyrdom during the tribulation. Indeed — as we have 
ust noted — many of them are already pictured in 
hapter 6 as martyred. It seems better to interpret 
his language as implying that — irrespective our pres- 
nt trials, tests and tribulations — God will keep us in 
hem all. And not only this — of far greater import- 
nce — His mercy and grace will shelter and protect 
is from the ultimate "wrath of the Lamb," which will 
esult in eternal judgment and damnation of soul. 
Ill history is a record of intense tribulation for Christ's 

A thorough study of God's Word reveals that there 
lever was a time when God's people were not subject to 
atense tribulation and test. Beginning with the record 
I Israel in the bondage and slavery of Egypt, clear 
own to the death of Christ, the Scriptures over and 
'ver again confirm this fact (cf. The persecution by 
Canaan, Assyria, Babylon, Greece, Syria, Rome). The 
iook of Acts gives us a most graphic picture of the 
ttitude of the world toward the early church (many 
imes the greatest opposition coming from the apostate 
orces from within the religious circles themselves), 
'hen, a study of church history — ancient, medieval and 
tiodern — confirm the words of our Lord when He de- 
lared: "because ye are not of the world, but I have 
hosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth 
ou. ... If they have persecuted me, they will also 
ersecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will 
:eep yours also" (John 15:19, 20). Indeed, it is said, 
hat, at the present time, more people are sealing their 
witness to Christ with their own blood, than in any 
ther period of history known to man. 

However, after saying all this, we must realize that 
k)d speaks, here in the book of Revelation, of a time 
f tribulation far more severe than any period of history 
irior to the Rapture. The fact seems to be that what 
5 being stated here is that this future persecution and 
orrow will be world-wide in scope. Pain is pain; and 
uffering is suffering — all who have sealed their testi- 
nony with their own blood have also known the terrors 
nd sufferings of great tribulation. However, during 
he great tribulation, their number will be multiplied 
nany-fold. Such tribulation will not be localized, but 
vorld wide; such will not include only a certain few, 
tut all — who refuse to bow down to the Antichrist 
nd his beast — shall feel the scourge of wrath (cf. 
r^evelation 13:7-17). 

Che great tribulation shall be preceded by a short period 
f peace. 

i Before this actual outbreak of world-wide persecution 
.nd death, however, John seems to portend a short 
ieriod of peace when a great revival will break out 
imong the Jewish race (fulfilling the prophecy of the 
Ipostle Paul, recorded in Romans 9-11). This will come 
jnmediately following the rapture and result in the num- 
jering of the 144,000 (v. 4). It may well be that this 
jumber is symbolic of the completion and perfection of 
lod's eternal plan and purpose for His people, Israel — 

plan and purpose reaching back to the call of Abraham 
1 Genesis 12. This number "144,000" may only sug- 
est a few ("remnant") of Abraham's seed as actually 
ivolved in fulfilling this eternal plan and purpose — 

l)ut it does imply that there will be a fulfillment. (Note: 
God's Word is full of the doctrine of the "remnant" — 
teaching that the doctrine of ^universal salvation (un- 
conditional) is absolutely contrary to the pure teaching 
of the Scriptures. 

These particular "144,000" are of pure Jewish stock 
(symbolized in the mentioning of the twelve tribes). 
However, two tribes are not included (Dan and Ephraim 
— re-placed here by Joseph and Levi). Strauss makes 
the following observation at this point: "This omission 
need not create a serious problem for the Bible student. 
He (Dan) is omitted because he was guilty of idolati-y. 
. . . Tlie idolatry of Dan is recorded in Leviticus 24:11; 
Judges 18:1, 2, 30, 31; and I Kings 12:28-30. ... In the 
place of Dan, Manasseh, Joseph's son, is given a stand- 
ing. It is possible that the tribe of Dan will be identi- 
fied with Satan's work carried out by the Antichrist dur- 
ing the tribulation (see Genesis 49:17). William Barclay 
points out the fact that in Rabbinic symbolism Dan 
stands for idolatry and that the Antichrist is to spring 
from Dan. This conclusion is based upon Jeremiah 
8:16" (The Book of the Revelation, pp. 172, 173). 

Walvoord, however, has a much simpler understand- 
ing of this omission: "A more common explanation is 
that the tribe of Dan was one of the first to go into 
idolatry, was small in number, and probably was there- 
after classified with the tribe of Naphtali, another son 
of Jacob born to the same motlier as Dan" (The Re- 
velation of Jesus Christ, p. 141). 

Verses 9ff. tell us that after the conversion of this 
select company of Jews, God will use them to evangelize 
the world with the Gospel of His coming Kingdom. 
From such an evangelistic witness, God will gather out 
of tliis corrupt and apostate world an innumerable num- 
ber of Gentiles, many of whom will also seal their wit- 
ness to the faith with their own martyred blood. 
The picture of the angels and the sealing of the 144,000. 

The imagery used in presenting this brief scene of 
peace before the tribulational-storm is most graphic in 
its detail. First, we note, in verse 1, the mention of 
the four angels which are seen standing on the four 
corners of the earth and holding the four winds of the 
earth "that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor 
on the sea, nor on any tree." Strauss helps us to under- 
stand the work of these angels when he declares: 
"Angels are Ck)d's ministers (Hebrews 1:7, 14). Their 
activity is spelled out clearly in the Scriptures from the 
creation of man to the ascension of Christ. After the 
translation of the Church they will become prominent 
again. Even now we have no idea to what e.xtent God 
is using them to protect His children and to bridle the 
forces of evil. Angels seem to appear in times of crises 
often associated with judgment, as when angels smote 
that wicked group in Sodom and delivered Lot from 
the condemned city (Genesis 19:1-17) (Strauss, op. cit., 
pp. 169, 170). 

The statement of Strauss that helps us identify the 
work of these angels here is that which declares: "Angels 
seem to appear in times of crises, often associated with 
judgment." Here, in our Scripture, they are spoken of 
as standing on the four corners of the earth — symboliz- 
ing the impending holocaust (pictured here as "the four 
winds" in their hands) which will be world-wide in scope. 
The picture here, however, is that of the angels holding 
back these judgments, which will "hurt the earth and 
the sea" (v. 2b), until after the sealing of the 144,000. 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Many of the visions of John, found in this book of Rev- 
elation, reveal that God will allow His angels to have 
an active part — both in the dispensing of judgment, 
and in the helping of the redeemed. What all this will 
mean, only these end-time events themselves will make 

Verse 2 mentions "another angel" which ascends from 
the east (sun-rising) and holds in his hand "the seal of 
the living God." It may very well be that this "angel" 
symbolizes the Holy Spirit of God, returning upon the 
new branch of His people (perhaps in the same form 
of office-worlv as He performed during the Old Testa- 
ment dispensation). His ascending from the east (or 
sun-rising) may well symbolize, that, for the tribulation 
saints, this is truly the beginning of a new day — a 
time when God's light shines out of the darkness of the 
tribulation night and provides them with new hope, new 
horizons and new destinies. The seal with which this 
"angel" seals the foreheads of the 144,000, no doubt rep- 
resents the seal of the Holy Spirit of God, mentioned in 
Ephesians 1:13 and 4:30, and symbolizing God's election, 
possession, protection and preservation. This seal is in 
contrast to the mark of the beast which is to be found 
upon all the followers of the Antichrist and his beast 
(Revelation 13:16). 

Verse 2 also speaks of God as "the living God" which, 
again, is a strong contrast to the image of the Anti- 
christ (as well as those of the Emperors in John's 
day). Again, we are indebted to Lehman Strauss for 
the following obser\'ation: "Notice the seal belongs to 
'the living God.' This is a phrase in which the follow- 
ers of Jehovah have always delighted. It is used in con- 
tradistinction to the dead gods of the heathen. The 
gods which are the figment of the imagination of men, 
and which are made by hands of men, are all dead. Our 
God is not a created thing, but the eternal living Creator 
of all things. Man could not fashion Him; He fashioned 
man" (Ibid., p. 173). 

We would note one other truth concerning this "living 
God" concept of verse 2. That is, our God is not only 
a living God — "in contradistinction to the dead gods of 
the heathens." He is far more than this to us personally 
— for. He is the very author, not only of physical life — 
but of far more importance — of our spiritual lives. He 
is the God Who lives — and in Whom, we also live! In 
the words of the Apostle Paul, we firmly declare: "God 
that made the world and all things therein, seeing that 
he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples 
made with hands; Neither is worshipped with men's 
hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth 
to all life, and breath, and all things; . . . For in him 
we live, and move, and have our being; . . . (Acts 17:24- 
In conclusion 

We would close with a short look at verse 9 — which 
actually belongs with the consideration of our next mes- 
sage (covering verses 9-17). This particular verse seems 
to leap clear on past the time of the great tribulation 

and again project us into the very throne-room of heav-' 
on (first revealed in chapters 4 and 5). Here our atten-( 
tion is once again drawn to the tribulation saints whichi 
are made up of "all nations, and kindreds, and people, 
and tongues." Here we see all such (composed of tha 
redeemed Jews and Gentiles of the tribulation era) stand-^ 
ing "before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and] 
palms in their hands." As we have noted in other ref-J 
erences to this imagery — these robes speak to us on 
their imputed and imparted righteousness and holiness 
which comes directly from the righteousness and holiness 
of Christ (Rom. 13:14; Gal. 3:27; 5:16; Eph. 4:24). The 
added mention of the palms in their hands suggests 
both their victoiy and blessing in and through Christ,^ 
and their constant attitude of worship and praise. I 

Verse 9, then, pictures for us the end result of the] 
sealing of the 144,000 — the gathering in of an innumc 
erable number of redeemed Gentiles. Perhaps this is 
meant to emphasize the fact that God's eternal plan an* 
purpose has ever been that Israel evangelize the woric 
— a plan and purpose which was frustrated throughj 
their rebellion and unbelief (resulting even in their re 
jection of the Christ) — but a purpose to be yet ful 
filled during this time of great tribulation. 

The picture presented in verses 9-17 is one of eterna 
bliss — to be shared by all the redeemed of (3od — i 
irrespective their particular dispensation or era of life 
Chapters 4 and 5 seem to best picture the redeeme( 
saints of the Old and the New Testament dispensations 
while here — in chapters 6 and 7 — the picture seem 
to be of those of the tribulation era. The end result fo. i 
both is the same — eternal fellowship with God and Hi' 
Christ! Suffice it to say, that, in that day, we shal i 
know that it was worth all it cost to be faithful ani | 
true. No trial, test or tribulation of this world is Sill 
great but that one glimpse of Christ in glory will eras i 
all memory of its suffering and pain. God's redemptiv ij 
purposes will come to ultimate fulfillment, and the em i 
result will far more than make up for any presen j 
trends. 6 

This message — and the one to follow — is directe | 
to the Church of the living (^d, whatever its period c ;, 
time. It tells us that, whatever Ck>d ordains for it - I 
tribulation great or small — He has all things eve j 
under His control — and, everything is working ou ■ 
according to His eternal plan and purpose. 

Our present message does give us reason to believ | 
that there will be souls redeemed unto God after thi j 
translation of His Church. Yet, the whole tenor ( 1 
Scripture reveals that God's primary plan and purpos 
for mankind is for salvation this side of the great tril : 
ulation era. We would not want to close this messagi I 
then, without emphasizing the fact that it is far moi i 
to our advantage to be numbered among the rapture i 
throng (pictured in chapters 4 and 5), than to find oa ] 
seh'os coming to share with such an illustrious crow \ 
the bliss of eternity by the back door of the great trib ( 
Intion suffering and death. \\ 

Why not join the 

""ebruary 17, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 


Devotional Program for March 


;:!all to Worship: 

"For the Lord is great, and greatly to be praised: he 
s to be feared above all gods" (Psalm 96:4). 

ravorite Choruses 

;!ircle of Prayer 

Jible Studies: 

Senior — Proverbs 
Junior — Psalms 

Discussion Questions 


"You're In The Teenage Generation" 

Special Music 


"Spirit of Sisterhood" 

S.M.M. Benediction 
Business Meeting 



Read: I Kings 4:33; Ecclesiastes 2:4-6; 
Proverbs 30:24-28 

Key verses: Proverbs 6:6-8 

F YOU WERE asked to write of a moment that you 
remember with such vividness that it will be forever 
tched upon your mind and heart, what event would 
'ou recall? Having just completed grading a "Crystal 
■loment" from the pens of 125 students, I am very aware 
'f what high-school sophomores consider memorable in 
heir young lives. One wrote of the day the braces on 
ii>r teeth were removed, another of the time he became 
ii Eagle Scout. A boy told of pulling an injured couple 
rum a wrecked car which burst into flames seconds 
Iter; a girl revealed how the family car had almost 
ammed into a guard rail on Hoover Dam because her 
rother and she had been bickering over who should sit 

by the window; another explained how he had missed 
by inches going over a high waterfall after he had slipp- 
ed on a moss-covered stone. Some chronicled their per- 
formances before an approving audience; others their 
social blunders that still make them cringe to remem- 

But most of their crystal moments concerned the love 
of God's creatures and the beauty of God's creation. 
Several of my students remembered best the day they 
received a pony or a horse of their very own, and one 
recalled winning a blue ribbon at the Ohio State Fair 
with her mount. Several had met death through the loss 
of a pet. One boy wrote about spotting a herd of deer 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelist ' 

in an orchard and seeing a magnificent buclc rearing 
up for an apple. Their descriptions ranged from the 
crystaline perfection of a snowflake and the breath- 
taking grandeur of the mountains and forests of our 
nation to the vision of a rainbow over the stormy At- 
lantic and the thrill of a dip in the calm Pacific. Young 
people are born nature lovers. 

So, too, was Solomon, the author of Proverbs. In I 
Kings 4:33 wo read that he could lecture on "trees, 
from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the 
hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also 
of beasts, and of fowls, and of creeping things, and of 

If we could sit at the feet of Solomon, what would 
he tell us of the world of nature back in 1000 B.C.? 
From the book, The Land, Wildlife, and Peoples of the 
Bible, by Peter Farb, the chapter on "Nature Wisdom 
of David and Solomon" reveals a partial answer to this 

The cedar, the largest tree Solomon could have known, 
once grew in huge forests in what is now Lebanon, 
Syria, and Turkey. Indeed, a mature cedar might tow- 
er 120 feet and have a diameter of eight feet. Because 
the tree exudes a fragrant gum, walking through a 
cedar grove is a delight to the nose as well as to the 
eye. Cedar wood, a beautiful reddish color also resists 
decay and attack by insects. 

Solomon had the big trees felled by the thousands to 
build the Temple and his magnificent palace which he 
named "Tlie House of the Forest of Lebanon." To out 
away these forests, Solomon sent shifts of ten thous- 
and Israelites a month to aid the native workers. 

Peter Farb reports that, although most of the hills 
that once were covered with cedar forests are barren, 
some scattered groves still survive. One pitifully small 
grove is presein'ed in a park about eighty miles north 
of Beirut, Lebanon. A few hundred cedars stand where 
once were tens of thousands. A monastery pi'otects a 
small grove on Mount Lebanon. In fact, all cedars 
growing anywhere in Lebanon are protected against 
cutting. An attempt is being made to replant the cedars, 
but this is a task to awe even a Johnny Appleseed. 
However, seeds from the cedars of Lebanon have been 
sent around the world and have taken root in many 
places in Europe and North America. 

The hyssop was one of the smallest plants known to 
Solomon. The plant we identify as hyssop is not the 
one of which Solomon would tell us since it is not native 
to the lands of the Bible. Some believe it was one of the 
majorams, members of the mint family. The majoram 
of Solomon's gardens was probably low and shrubby 
with clusters of white flowers and, as Solomon noted, 
commonly found among rocks and crevices in walls. 

Had we been at Solomon's palace for a lesson on 
plants, he doubtlessly would have shown us his gardens, 
for he states in Ecclesiastes 2:4-6: "I planted me vine- 
yards: I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted 

trees in them of all kinds of fnjits: I made pools of 
water, to water therewith the wood that bringeth forth 

Peter Farb points out that no one has yet found the 
e.xact location of Solomon's gardens, but they must have 
been close to the palace. A few miles outside Jerusalem 
there are three large reservoirs, called the Pools of 
Solomon which may be the ones he built to provide water 
for his gardens. These gardens were actually several 
different kinds of gardens close together, each probably 
rectangular in shape and walled, the sides of the walls 
hidden by hedges. Solomon perhaps had. one of olive 
trees, another for nut trees such as walnut, pistachio, 
and almond, and one devoted to spices. 

We would have found the spice garden the most un- 
usual, for Solomon's far-flung trade with Arabia and 
India brought him many exotic plants. One of the prizes 
of the spice garden was spikenard, found in the Himal- 
aya Mountains of Asia. It is small and bears inconspic- 
uous flowers, but its hairy stem gives off a rich frag- 
rance. The dried stems became an important trade item 
in the ancient world. They were transported across 
Asia on camelback and stored in alabaster boxes to pre- 
serve their fragrance. That is the reason spikenard was 
extraordinarily expensive, as John points out when Mary 
anointed the feet of Jesus with "a pound of ointment of 
spikenard, very costly" (John 12:3). 

The wise Solomon admired what he considered wisdom 
in animals. Four creatures "which are little upon the 
earth, but they are exceeding wise" (Proverbs 30:24) 
are conies, spiders, locusts, and harvesting ants. 

The conies — or hydraxes, as they should properly be 
called — somewhat resemble plump rabbits, except for 
their small ears. However, their feet end in tiny hoofs, 
and their closest living relative — believe it or not ■ — 
is the elephant. Conies live in colonies in holes among 
the rocks in deserts and mountains in the Holy Land. 
Tliey can scamper agilely over the rocks because of a 
peculiar construction of the soles of their feet in which 
muscles allow the soles to form a hollow air-tight cup 
which exerts suction when in contact with a flat surface. 
If a hyra.x is shot while climbing up a rock, it may re- 
main attached there, even though dead, held in place 
by the clinging power of the soles of its feet. 

A proverb of Solomon oft quoted is "Go to the ant, 
thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: 'Which 
having no guide, overseer, or ruler, Provideth her meat 
in the summer, and gathereth her food in the harvest' 
(Proverbs 6:6-8). Until about a hundred years ago manj 
people believed that Solomon's wisdom had finally failer 
him, for there was not a shred of evidence that ant.« 
gathered seeds during the harvest and stored them foi 
use in the winter. In fact, so many doubts were raisei 
about Solomon's wisdom on this score that in 1869 ilu 
president of London's distinguished Linnean Society sug 
gestcd that the members investigate the matter. Oiv 
member finally discovered in southern France, ani 



ians 2:11 


rebruary 17, 1968 

I'age Twenty-nine 

;arrying seeds. After much observation he confirmed 
hat these seeds were indeed carried to underground 
;ranaries for storage. He learned that the ants not only 
larried back seeds that had fallen to the ground but also 
lullected them from the plants themselves. Solomon had 
)een proven correct after all, and today we know that 
larvesting ants are widespread around the world. 

Surely a crystal moment in our lives in 1000 B.C. 
vould have been to sit at the feet of King Solomon for 
essons in biology and botany. And so we instinctively 
rust and accept his Proverbs, those time-tested bits of 

wisdom, and feel a closeness to him because he, like 
each of us, took delight in God's creatures and His 

Questions for Discussion 

What crystal moment stands out in your life? 

Why was Solomon well quaUfied to write Proverbs? 

Describe the cedars of Lebanon, hyssop, spikenard, 


What obsei'vation about ants proved Solomon to be 

an accurate observer of nature? 



Psalm 24 


FN ADDITION TO TELLING US that God created all 
things and that He sustains all things (v. 1), this 
I'salm speaks about a coming King. Because of His work 
jf creation, naturally it is God who is Lord of the world. 
^11 nations are His and all the earth is the Lord's. Why 
s it the Lord's? He created, preserves and upholds it. 

There is a purpose back of the universe. David rec- 
ognized the world as unsteady for he says the world is 
founded on restless waters (v. 2). But God's purpose is 
pure for He is the living God in whom there is no vari- 
ibleness or turning. God's love and righteousness are 
'ternal and never waver. Nations may become restless, 
varring, difficult; but all belongs to God and His Word 
vill stand forever. Surely we can see wars and an,>dous 
)eoples all about us, but still God is Lord and His Will 
■ules the universe. 

I This Psalm seems to divide into three parts. After 
elling about the Creator in the first two verses, the 
text verse asks an important question, "Who shall ascend 
pto the hill of the Lord?" Many feel that this Psalm 
jvas written by David when the important Ark of the 
Covenant was being taken to the Tabernacle on Mt. 
pion. Who shall go up? It is uphill work for the chil- 
|ren of God to reach their Creator. Only when we keep 
irom doing evil will hands remciin clean. Not only the 
iands, but the heart must be pure (v. 4) which means 
Lir thoughts must be good. Our inner lives must be 
ree from impurity, dishonesty, and deeds which arc 
inful; for those who wish to be near God must have 
lean hands and pure hearts. This verse also says that 
.0 are not to lift up our souls unto vanity. What does 
his mean? Many things delight us in this world — we get 
Ueasure from many things on the earth; but if we take 
o delight in the Lord, then at the end of our days, the 
.leasures of this world will be the end for us, and the 
■reater joy waiting in heaven will be missed, 
i When we vow to do something, we should be as good 
ts our word (v. 4). The word of a Christian should 

be worth the oaths of twenty others. Our word should 
bind us to God, leaving no room for false promises. 

Now these verses set some rather hard goals. Actu- 
ally, until Christ showed us the way, we, ourselves, could 
not hope to be pure and holy; but His love for us and 
our love for Him make it possible for us to be cleansed 
and purified. 

Jerusalem was by Jews regarded as a type of heaven. 
The third and last part of this Psalm deals with the 
gates being opened for the King of Glory. The gates of 
the ancient city did not swing on hinges as our doors, 
but moved up and down in grooves in the posts. The 
song is a request for the gates to lift to admit the King. 

When the King or Queen of England wish to enter 
London passing through Temple Bar, the voice of their 
driver calls out, "Open the gate." From within the 
walls another cries, "Who is there?" Then the answer 
is given, "The King of England!" Immediately the gate 
is opened, the King passes through and the crowds 

As Easter approaches we recall the enti-y of Jesus into 
Jerusalem on Palm Sunday. Perhaps it was this event, 
or it may have been the Lord's ascension into heaven 
which is foretold in this Psalm. Any time Palm Sunday 
is mentioned, there comes to mind the first time we 
oljserved the Nigerian custom of remembering this day. 
Girls come prancing happily through the church wildly 
waving their palm branches (and other colorful flower- 
ing tree limbs)_ calling out their, "Hosana aka Dawuda!" 
(Hosanna to David). Likewise at the school attended by 
our missionary children, there is marching, waving of 
I)alm branches, and singing of "Hosanna in the highest 
..." to the accompaniment of a small orchestra seatetl 
outside the church. Inside fragrant white franjapani 
i>lossoms are in abundance on the altar, piano and win- 
dow sills. 

It is hard to judge the enthusiasm of the crowd on 
the day of Christ's entry into Jerusalem. There were 

Page Thirty 

hosannas recorded that day. But on that day it was 
not with the richness of an earthly Icing that Christ 
entered Jerusalem, for His desire was to show righteous- 
ness rather than splendor. In Nigeria it was quite com- 
mon to see lines of people awaiting the coming of some 
emir or high official. But people tire while waiting, 
and then so quickly the important person has passed 
by and is gone. We wonder how worthwhile it has been 
to stand and wait so long for such a short event. But 
not so with Christ; He does not come only to be gone 
in a flash. Christ satisfies and brings blessings for all 
who await Him. Evil is strong but Christ is stronger. 
The forces of Satan are desperate, but it is the despera- 
tion of defeat. 

"Lift up your heads" (v. 7). Here the voices from the 
wall call to those within; and the question comes, "Who 
is this King of Glory?" Christ was the first to ascend 
and enter the gate. We can follow in His footsteps. He 
rides triumphantly and would desire us to be in His 

The Brethren Evangelist I 

David found that the Lord is God. He is the King oj 
Glory. This is David's message for us and the worL 
Is Got! our Lord? So often we put ourselves (ouif; 
thoughts, our hopes, our plans, our fun, our friends,.! 
our home) before God. Then God is not Lord. He may] 
be God of the universe, but He is not our Lord. God ' 
is the Lord of hosts, the Lord of men and angels, the 
Lord of the universe, the Lord of the world, the Lord I 
of our lives — the King of Glory. AU true glory is with I 
God, and through Christ we can receive that glory. 

Questions for Discussion 



Why do we say, "The earth is the Lord's" (v. 1)? 

2. Explain: "Who hath not lifted up his soul unto! 
vanity" (v. 4). | 

3. Are we able to have clean hands and pure hearts? I 
How? I 

4. Who is the King of Glory? i 

Signal Lights Program for March!' 
Prepared by Mrs. Alberta Holsingenj 


singing Time: 

"For God So Loved the World" 

"Jesus Loves Me" (Sing in both 
English and Spanish) 

"Everybody Ought to Love Jesus" 
Bible Time: 

The Communion Service 

"Go into Jerusalem," said Jesus to 
Peter and John one day. "You will 
see a man carrying a jar of water. 
Tell him who you are. He has a 
room where we may eat the Passover 
meal together. Go with him and pre- 
pare the meal for us." 

Peter and John did as Jesus asked 
them. Later Jesus and the other 
disciples came to the room. 

While they were at the table Jesus 
did an unusual thing. He got up 
from the table, took off His robe and 
wrapped a towel around Himself. 
Then He poured some water into a 
basin and began to wash the disci- 
ples' feet. 

"What are You doing?" asked 
Peter. "Washing feet is not some- 
thing our teacher should do. I'll not 
let You wash my feet!" 

"Now, Peter," said Jesus softly, 
"you don't understand everything 
now, but you will later. If I don't 
wash your feet you can't be a part- 
ner of mine." 

"Oh, then, Lord, wash all of me — 
not just my feet," e.xclaimed Peter. 

Jesus smiled and shook His head. 
"Just your feet, Peter, just your 

As Jesus knelt to wash Peter's feet 
He explained, "When you take a bath 
you are clean all over. Then you go 
out on the dusty road. As you walk 
along the dust sifts through your 
sandals and your feet become dirty. 
So they need to be washed again. It 
is the same in our life for God. After 
we have given ourselves to God we 
still commit sins. We need to have 
these forgiven. Then we are clean 

Jesus stood up and untied the tow- 
el. Then He put on His robe again 
and sat down at the table. "I have 
given you an example," He told the 
disciples. "I have washed your feet. 

I want you to wash each other's! 

As they were eating Jesus took a 
small loaf of bread and gave thanks 
for it. Then He broke it and gave 
each disciple a piece. 

"Eat this," He said. "This bread 
represents My body." 

Next He took a cup of grape juicd' 
and gave thanks for it. "Drink some 
of this," He told them. "This repi' 
resents my blood wliich will be shec^ 
for the sins of all people." 

After each one had eaten the bi'eac 
and taken a drink ftx>m the oupi 
Jesus said, "Do this often to remem 
ber Me." 

Then they sang a hymn and lef 
the house. 

As Christians we want to obe; 
Jesus. At the Communion Servlci 
which is sometimes called the Ix>v 
Feast we try to do all the thing 
Jesus asked His disciples to do at th 
Last Supper. 

We wash each other's feet. Thi 
shows we are sorry for the sins w 
have committed since we were ba[ 


February 17, 1968 

:ized. It also shows we are willing 
.0 serve Gt)d in any way He asks us. 

After the feet washing service we 
;at together. Then we break and 
?at bread together and drink a small 
jlass of grape juice. As we do we 
•emember Jesus wtho is our Savior 
Old we pray that we will obey Him 
n all things. 

(Patroness, e.xplain in more detail 
■.xactly how the Threefold Commun- 
on Service is conducted in your 
ihurch. Show a basin and towel used 
n the feet washing. Take the chil- 
ren to the places where the men 
nd women wash feet. 

Perhaps your minister has some 
ommunion bread in the freezer. If 
0, have some of it to display to the 
hildren as well as a communion glass 
f juice. Tell the children how the 
read is broken and how tlhe juice 
1 passed at the service. 

Your editor has not explained it 
lore fully because details vary in 
ur churches. 

(Do be sure your group imder- 
:ands why we have this service. Em- 
iiasize the importance of every 
ihristian attending the Communion 
leniory Time: 

John 13:14 

(Review all previo'us memory Scrip- 
'ires. Then give each Signal Light 
paper with this month's verse 
'in ted on it.) 

Our verse this month is the one in 
ihich Jesus tells us it is important 
I have the feet washing as part of 
le Communion Service. Read the 

Tse silently while I read it to you. 

Now you read it with me. 

(Practice reading it a few times. 

len have the children turn the 

ipers over and say the verse. In- 

Lide the reference!) 

Put your memory verse paper in 
;«ur pocket and take it home with 

u to practice this month. 

ission Time: 

Using the Trailer 

"Come to the park!" blared the 

voice from the loud speaker on the 
jeep. The jeep continued down the 
street. "Music. Films. Stories. Come 
to the park! Come to the park now!" 
John Rowsey, one of our missionar- 
ies in Argentina, drives a jeep that 
makes these announcements. Some 
day soon when the people hiu-i-y to 
the park for the meeting they will 
see a brand new audio-visual trailer. 
The large back door of the trailer 
will be opened for a platform. The 
people will be able to see and hear 
the Christians as they sing, tell Bible 
stories and pray. 

The projector inside the trailer 
will be used to show the film. Then 
when the service is over the back 
door will be closed, the trailer will be 
hitched to the jeep and they will be 
ready to move on to the next park 
for another meeting. 

This is one way the trailer will bo 

An important part of the work of 
our Argentine missionaries is travel- 
ing with a large tent which they set 
up in new communities to hold a 
week of services. The men who trav- 
el with the tent now must sleep in 
it. When it is time for the service, 
their clothes must be stored in the 

■If it rains the tent has to be taken 
down. Many times the clothing and 
equipment get wet. 

When the trailer is finished, it will 
travel with the tent. The missionar- 
ies can live in it and will not need 
to be packing and unpacking their 
clothes everyday. The equipment will 
be kept in the trailer and will al- 
ways be clean and dry. 

At the close of the week the tent 
will be folded and loaded on top of 
the jeep. The trailer will be hitched 
behind the jeep and the missionaries 
will be ready to move on to the next 
community where they will hold 

This is another way the trailer will 
be used. 

Remember, you are helping to 

Page Thirty-one 

build and equip this audio-visual trail- 
er. The offering you bring to Signal 
Lights each month this year will be 
used for the trailer. God has mis- 
sionary work for us to do. By help- 
ing with the trailer we are serving 
God and the mission work m Argen- 
tina. How much will you help? 
Prayer Time: 

Let us thank God for our church, 
our minister and cur Sunday school 
teachers. Let us thank Him for the 
many people who help us to learn of 
Jesus, Let us also thank Him for 
our missionaries who are helping the 
boys and girls of Argentina to learn 
of the Savior. 

Let us ask God to help us to be 
willing to share our spending money. 
Let us ask Him to show us ways we 
can serve Him at home, at school, 
at play. 
Handworlt Time: 

A Tent 

(For each child you will need a 
piece of cloth six inches by three and 
one-half inches, a piece of cardboard 
six inches by five inches, cellophane 
tape and two toothpicks.) 

Today we will make a small tent to 
remind us of the large tent used by 
our missionaries in Argentina for 
many of their meetings. 

Tape the long ends of your piece 
of cloth to the long ends of the card- 
board. Leave about a three-fourth 
inch margin on each side. Like this. 

Break off the points of both tooth- 
picks. Now they will stand up like 
tent poles. Put one at each end in 
the center, like this. 

Take your tent home. Show it to 
your family. Tell them of the work 
of our missionaries in Argentina. 
Business Time: 

1. Give the Signal Lights motto. 

2. Roll call and offering. (Tell what 
you did without this month.) 

3. Discuss a visit to a nursing home 
or a shut-in next month. Plan a 
short program which will include 
songs and memory Scriptures. 

Signal Lights Benediction 

Rev. & Mrs. Albert T. Ronk p Thirty-two The Brethren Evangelist 

27 High St, 

Ashland, Ohio 4A805 i 



Have you taken up the challenge? If you have not yet 
given your ONE DAY'S PAY, won't you please 
send It in today or take it to church next Sunday? Use the 
pledge card below. 

Elton Whitted, Chairman 



I wish to pledge $ to be paid within: 

30 days 60 days 90 days 


Amount of cash enclosed $- 
Amount of check enclosed $- 

Please make check payable to: 


Mail the above form and check to: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland. Ohio 44805 

OffiaBlOrof&n^of Tt 





■! S'l- -ft-T- 1 Jt>^«_i 

All the men wearing dark glasses are blind victims of the Korean 
War. None receive aid from the Korean government, but the World 
Relief Commission is there with a truckload of needed supplies and 
Christian concern. 






March, 196( 

Outskirts of 
Seoul, Korea 


He. "B^tetkcit 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society. .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education : 

Youth Commission Beverly Sumnay 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 


524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in ad\'ance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business conimuiii- 
cations and contributed articles to abo\e address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "World Relief" 3 

Peace and World Relief Promotional Materials . . 4 

"The Blessedness of the Redeemed" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 11 

Dr. Daniel A. Poling Passes Away 13 

Sisterhood 14 

The Missionary Board 15 

"Brethren Missions in Biblical Perspective" 

■ by Thomas E. Hurley 19 

"Comparative Love" 

by Dr. Albert T. Ronk 21 

'World "Religious News in Review 23 

"Evening Walks with Jesus through Galilee" 

by Re\'. Ge«rge W. Solomon 24 

News from the Brethren 25 

Memorials 26 

Weddings 26 

Births 27 

Coming Events 27 




CONGR.'\TULATIONS are in order for Rev. ant 
Mrs. William Anderson of Nappanee, Indiana 
upon the birth of a son on Tuesday, Feburary 13 
1968. The baby weighed 6 pounds and 15 ounce! 
and has been named William Henry. 

This is the first child for the Andersons. 

Rev. Anderson is the pastor of the First Breth 
ren Church in Nappanee, Indiana, and is currentlj 
serving as president of the Missionary Board a, 
the Brethren Church. 

We arc most happy for the Andersons and w'lsi 
to congratulate them. 



WE WISH to remind you that plans are pn 
grossing very nicely for the new headqua ' 
tors Building which is to be erected next to th 
present Publishing Company building. The futui 
of this building depends upon YOU! 

By now many of you ha\'e given your Day's Pal. 
toward this most important project. (We wou 
not feel too badly if you should decide to give a jj 
other Day's Pay.) 

Others have not given or pledged as yet. V 
urge you to do so as soon as possible! If evei. 
Brethren wage-earner would giv'e a "Day's Pa* 
we would have no financial problem in erectii 
this building. Please gi\'e this project your consi 

Brochures were mailed out by Evangelical Chur< 
Building Corporation a few weeks ago. If you d 
not get one, it is probably because your chuf' 
list was not sent in as requested. By-the-way, i 
lists that were mailed to E.C.B.C. have been i 
turned to us, therefore they will not be used f 
any other mailing purposes. If you have any qui^ 
tions relative to this building, please address tht 
to us! 

Sample copies of The Brethren Evangelist a 
taining information and pictures of the propos 
building have been mailed to many Brethren fa 
ilies. If any church would like more such sampl 
please let us know. We have a few copies left, 

Let's get behind this iiroject and make it becoi 
a reality! ^ 

Letters to the Editor 

Board of Christian Education 

March 3, 1968 

Page Three 

A CfcKtie RE 


WoWc/ RAn\ 

'^FTEN we get the idea that it's foolishness to 
^ continue giving assistance to nations less 
ortunate than we. It seems that the old adage of 
biting the hand that feeds you" is most appro- 
iriate when we think of the many nations that 
eceive help from us yet turn against us when, 
eemingly, they feel like it. They demonstrate 
Igainst us; they burn our buildings; they confis- 
cate our properties ; they hai-ass our people ; they 
all sorts of things which disturb us. We ai'e 
rone to forget them and leave them alone in their 

But we are Christians! 

If you have ever traveled abroad and have seen 
ame of the miseiy found in the lives of the 
dults and in the eyes of the children, your heart 
jan't keep from crying out for them. You forget 
11 that has already been done, and perhaps wast- 
I, and you want to do even more to help. 

To be sure, much which is sent to such peoples 
' wasted, or used by those who don't need it, or 
\'en sold to those in poverty when it was sent 
) be given, but even yet, many are helped. The 
3al pui"i3ose of our giving is to help even a few! 

Let's take a look at Jesus. 

It made no difference to Him whom He helped. 
^he rich or the poor; the Phai'isee or the tax- 
jjllector; the Scribe or the uneducated; when 

lyone of these needed His assistance, He gave 

. He also knew that some would turn against 

im and do all they could to get rid of Him. 

his did not stop Him from wanting to help for 

is love transcended all bitterness that might 

ive been manifested against Him. 

This is exactlv what He taught us to do ! 

We must allow our love to take over and rise 
above any v/rongdoings which nations might do 
against us. 

We must also remember how good God has been 
to our nation. We are the most prosperous na- 
tion on the face of the earth and God expects us 
to share these blessings with others. It is our 
responsibility to assist others in their poverty. 

Now, someone will be sure to say, "true, but 
wliat about the poverty here at home, we should 
help them first!" 

This we have tried to do. Our government 
(local, state and national) has done much to help. 
There are many, many undeserving people on the 
rolls of our relief agencies. There are many, many 
people who expect this and refuse to help them- 
selves. Also, there are many many people who 
do not know how to use that which is given to 
thern, therefore never seem to get out of the 
grips of poverty. No doubt, anyone in our nation 
who really deserves help can find it ! 

We cannot be selfish in our manifold blessings ! 

We cannot do much in helping by ourselves, 
but by cooperating with agencies already set up 
for such purpose, we can do much. Our Peace and 
World Relief Committee has found such an agen- 
cy in which we might funnel our resources. This 
agency has had much experience in "giving" and 
i:i helping, therefore we can be assured of the 
fact that what we give will be used to best advan- 
tage. This is what we want. 

Be sure to read all the materials in this issue 
of the magazine relative to the work which our 
committee is doing, then give. 

Let's give our full support to this program ! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Kvangclisi 


THE Peace and World Relief Committee sponsored 
the second Rioe Supper for World Relief during 
the 1967 General Conference in Ashland, Ohio, last Au- 
gust. Tickets sold for $1.50, with 80c designated for the 
actual cost of the food and 70c sent directly to World 
Relief work. Attended by 176, the supper and other 
contributions totaled $186. 

Publicity included such thoughts as: 

— "Eating Less To Feed More" 

— "You've always waiited to do something about 
our abundance and their need! This is your 
chance . . . 


"Money usually spent to provide us with 'extras 
at the table will be sent directly to feed th 
world's hungry people with 'essentials.' " 


"Join with other Brethren daring enough to 'Ea 
Less To Feed More.' " 

"May Your Meal Be Meaningful As Well 

May this prayer, suggested for use at the Rice Supper, have meaning as you 
read it now: 

Dear Father, 

I thank thee for what I have to eat this evening, though it is less than 

most of my meals. 
I thank thee for what this symbolic meal can mean to me. 
I thank thee, even more, for what my financial gifts and prayers can 

provide for the hungry people around the world. 
Help me to live a more appreciative life daily, 

with less greed, less covetousness, less complaining; 

but with more thankfulness, more tolerance, more patience. 
Help me to use all my resources for the material and spiritual benefit 

of others — not just occasionally, but daily. 
I thank thee that I can be here tonight to show my love for others 

because thou didst first love me. 

In the name of Christ, Amen 

Most comments heard afterward indicated that the 
rice was "too tasty and too abundant." Some even sug- 
gested purchasing tickets, coming to the dining room, 
but eating nothing — in an attempt to identify more 
accurately with those who are genuinely hungry and 

starving. A possible compx'omise would be a "Soi 
Supper" at the 1968 General Conference. Would yti 
be daring enough to attend? Give the idea a few tril 
runs in your own home! j 

One of several tables of "rice-eaters" 

Mrs. George Kerlin (back to camera) sells tickets ' 
several "buyers," including Rev. and Mrs. Clayton Be • 
shire from Dayton (foreground). 


March 3, 1968 

Page Five 


"But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his 
jrother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of com- 
jassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him" 
:i John 3:17)? 

'By 1975 world hunger and famine will increase to 
vorld-wide dimensions," said Dr. I. W. Moomaw^ just 

eturned from India and Vietnam, to the St. Petersburg 
iVlinisterial Association on February 7, 1968. This state- 

lent is startling! But present conditions around the 
rorld are sufficiently severe to cause us alarm and 

oneern right now — 

— 12,000 starve daily in Asia 

— 65,000 are born in the world daily 

— one-third of the world's population is underfed. 

1 For the second consecutive year Brethren people have 

pportunity to share a united concern for those "un- 

ortunates" in desperate need — just to keep alive. The 

ccompanying financial report indicates the response 

ist year and the listing of the churches participating. 

J This year the emphasis is in March, following the 
jieme Bread and Life Through Sharing — selected by 
lie World Relief Commission of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals. By combining our gifts with those 
t other evangelicals we can greatly multiply their 
ffectiveness and outreach — as clearly demonstrated 
y the other pictures and reports. This work far out- 
istances what our Brethren Peace and World Relief 
ommittee could administer on its own — but still we 
re a vital and much needed part of the total WRC 

The World Relief Commission is the social-concern 
rm of the National Association of Evangelicals, a coop- 
rative body of 41 denominations representing 2'2 mill- 
in American church members. The WRC originated in 
)53 in Korea to feed 10,000 people daily as a result 
' the Korean War crisis. It still remains active there 
5 a vital factor, creating new areas of spiritual aware- 
;ss. Since then, the Commission's work has e.xpanded 
ito Vietnam and later to Hong Kong, Burundi (Africa) 
id, most recently, Chile. The latter nation and, in fact, 
1 of South and Central America offers a fertile area 
!cause more than 50 per cent of the population is under 
) years of age. In Hong Kong, about 3,000 children are 
ovided a daily "rooftop feeding" since lack of facilities 
■ohibit using any conventional ground site, such as a 
hool cafeteria. 

To date the Commission has supj>lied more than 15 
illion pounds of food, a million pounds of clothing and 

many thousands of pounds of medicine and self-help 
training programs along with Bibles and Christian liter- 
ature in Korea, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Burundi and Chile. 
1967 contributions totaled $160,000. 

A resolution adopted by the NAE Convention in April 
1967, laid stress on the fact that "it is not spiritual help 
or food alone that is needed to satisfy man's needs but 
both measures." 

Whether World Relief is an item in your church's Uni- 
fied Budget or a special appeal in March alone, it's an 
opportunity to join with other Brethren and other evan- 
gelicals to help suffering and hungry people find mean- 
ing in life. Pastors have received Bulletin Inserts and 
Offering Envelopes for each congregation's use. Church 
treasurers and individual contributions are reminded to 
send all offerings to: 

Mr. George Kerlin, treasurer 
Rt. 4, Box 227 
Goshen, Indiana 46526 

Thousands will thank you — and so will we! 

Brethren Peace and World Relief Committee 

Phil Lersch, chairman 

(Mrs.) Bonnie Summy, secretary 

(Mrs.) Eleanor Porte 

George Kerlin, treasurer 

Thomas Shannon 

What your 


will do to 




ships one carload of food 



provides a sewing nnachine 
for an orphanage 



ships an abundance of 
vitamins and medicine 



ships 100 pounds of 



ships 300 pounds of food 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

through WORLD 


Pictures tell the story — 

In Burundi, Africa — 

Refugee Teacher at Ibuye 
Mission Station, Burundi -- 

The mission provided chalk- 
board and some school sup- 
plies, but could only of- 
fer lawn for classrooms. 
The teacher, supported by 
WRC, gives instruction in 
Rwandan language and 
also French, the second 
language of the country. 
In addition the program 
includes feeding 1,847 
school children, 976 per- 
sons in institutions, and 
7,124 maternal child wel- 
fare cases (total 9,937). 

in Korea — 

Refugee Village in Korea — 

WRC assists in feeding 45,240 
people (6,000 school children, 
12,740 persons in institutions, 
15,000 family workers, 1,500 
health cases and 10,000 per- 
sons in child care centers). 

Uarch 2, 1968 

Page Seven 

and Reclamation Project in Honon, Korea — 

cheduled for completion in five years, this project employs up to 
0,000 men who are paid for work with food and clothing. 50,000 people 
ill occupy the acreage cleared. 

I Vietnam — 


Christian Lay Leadership Training Center in Hue. Vietnam — 

WRC personnel train workmen to make cinder blocks, as well as lunv 
to assume leadership within the church and community life of 
South Vietnam. 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In Chile — 

Soil Erosion and Road 
Building and Repair in Port 
Montt, Chile — 

2,700 former miners, now 
unemployed, work for the 
town and state but are paid 
in food, clotliing, and medi- 
cine through the World 
Relief Commission. 

Food Program for School Children in Chile - 

Your money helps put food in their mouths. 

i March 2, 1968 

^ I'age Nine 


— but Christians dare not let them pass unnoticed! 


DR. EVERETT S. GRAFFAM, Executive Vice Presi- 
dent of the World Relief Commission, will speak 
at General Conference on Wednesday, August 14, 1968, 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

His presentations include a World Relief Workshop at 
1:30 and a special World Relief Address at 6:40 p.m. 
Dr. Graffam, also has pictures and recordings taken 
personally among the Auca Indians in Ecuador. 

Here is his statement concerning WRC, the agency 
through which Brethren contributions for World Relief 
are channeled to reach the needy around the world. 

"The World Relief Commission, Inc., is the social- 
concern arm of the National Association of Evangelicals 
which has a constituency of over 30,000 Protestant 
churches. Evangelicals have always made humanitarian 
concern an integral part of their personal witness of the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ to all mankind, but the overwhelm- 
ing world-need now requires a united effort and the 
use of the best organized methods. A well-e.xecuted 20th 
century program will not only relieve present suffering 

and want, but will be the foundation for a strong Christ- 
ian church in the 21st century. We face opportunities 
unlimited! The need for our services, in the name of 
Christ, has never been greater. 

"The WRC is the vehicle through which thousands 
have been given aid by the distribution of millions of 
pounds of food, clothing, medicine and equipment; as 
well as providing leadership toward self-help, and sus- 
tenance for mind and spirit in the form of Christian 

"Through the linking of hearts, hands, and pocket- 
books, the evangelicals of the United States and Canada 
have been sensitive to human need in Korea, Vietnam, 
Burundi, Hong Kong, and many isolated spots scattered 
over the world. Much has been done, but much more 
needs to be done. Millions in South and Central Amer- 
ica, India, Pakistan, as well as present centers of serv- 
ice, are crying out in the words of the Macedonian in 
the Apostle Paul's vision: 'Come over . . . and help 
us.' The NAE, through the WRC, stands ready to an- 
swer this global cry. 

"The WRC, a legally chartered non-profit, non-endowed 
Christian service organization, provides to denomina- 
tions, independent churches, and individuals an oppor- 
tunity to share in this ministry to the whole man with 
the whole Gospel. These gifts are tax-deductible, and 
are put to maximum use." 

Special Notice to: 



Please send all contribution for World 
Relief to: 

Mr. George Kerlin, Treasurer 
Route 4, Box 227 
Goshen, Indiana 46526 

"It's no sin to enjoy a good nneal, but it is a sin to be un- 
informed about the needs of hungry people." 

— I. W. Moomaw 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist! 


Financial Information 

THIS YEAR (1967-68) is our second denomination- 
wide participation in giving for World Relief. In 
August, 1966, General Conference authorized a denom- 
inational offering appeal in either March or April each 
year (in whichever month Easter does not fall — to 
avoid a conflict with World Mission emphasis). 

One year is history — and we're on the threshold of a 
second attempt to e.xpress our love for hungrj- and coldll 
people (that means one-half the people who live on this 
earth with us!). The fine response thus far suggestsi 
that Brethren people were ready to give seHous attentionj 
to our involvement in one of the major problems of the! 
world today. Here are the facts: 

$ 2,775.30 — Received from October, 1966 to August, 1967 

(First full year of publicity and giving through the Peace 
and Woi'ld Relief Committee treasury). 




Received from September, 1967 to January, 1968 
(Primarily from churches sending quarterly offerings from 
their Unified Budgets). 

Total given since October, 1966 
Expenses for supplies and publicity 

Forwarded to World Relief Commission to date 
$ 283.22 — Bank Balance (Januaiy 1, 1968) 

Note the low operational expenses involved (only $93.59), primarily because 
the World Relief Commission supplies much of the needed publicity materials. The 
total given to date is noteworthy because it represents the contributions of 38 Breth- 
ren Churches and 5 individuals — only one-third of our congregations. With wider 
support this year the total will jump considerably. These are the churches contribu- 
ting thus far: 

Southeast District 

St. James 
Washington, D.C. 

Pennsylvania District 

Brush Valley 
Johnstown III 
Jones Mills 
Levi t town 
Mt. Olivet 
White Dale 

Central District 




Mid-West District 




Indiana District 










North Manchester 
Winding Waters 

Ohio District 

Ashland (Park Street) 




New Lebanon 

Pleasant Hill 



Tucson, Arizona 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

Phil Lersch, Chairmat 

George Kerlin, Treasure) 

Peace and World Relief Committe* 

arch 2, 1968 

Page Eleven 


Revelation 7:9-17 

Part XXII 


^ S WE NOTED in our former message, after the 
\ rapture of the Church, and immediately preceding 
e actual outpouring of the terrible tribulation judg- 
ents, God will raise up a remnant from among the 
ibes of Israel (spoken of as the 144,000) which will 
come His evangelistic medium in gathering unto Him- 
If an innumerable number of Gentiles from out of the 
ibulation fires. Upon this 144,000 He places the seal 

His election, which — although it does not guarantee 
em immunity from persecution and even death — it 
es give them assurance of escape from His eternal 
dgment and damnation. 

Beginning with verse 9, the scene shifts back to the 
rone-room in heaven (cf. also chapters 4 and 5) where 
>hn beholds eternity in all the fulness of its gloiy and 
iss. Although the description, given in these verses of 
e joys and blessing of God's redeemed, suggests to us 
e universed Church of Christ of every dispensation and 
Tiod of time, yet, verse 14 seems to single out the trib- 
ation saints for special attention. This, no doubt, is 

keeping with the rest of this chapter which focuses 
tention upon this Jewish remnant (the 144,000) and 
eir Gentile converts. There are some expositors who 
>ld that only the martyred Gentile saints of the tribu- 
tion are included in this description, but, there is 
nther the implication of martyrdom, nor the limitation 

race suggested in verse 14 — only the fact that they 
ive come out of "the tribulation the great one" (orig- 
•al Greek). No doubt many of these will be martyred 
r their faith, but certainly not all. Also, the view that 
■ne of the 144,000 will be martyred and thus cannot 
■ included here, has no Scriptural support. The seal of 
pd placed upon them, no doubt, is the same seal placed 
ii all (3od's elect, irrespective their dispensation of 
ne (cf. Ephesians 1:13 and 4:30 which make it clear 
at this seal is of the Holy Spirit of God) and symboliz- 
j election, possession, protection and preservation. Such 
; seal does not guarantee escape from persecution and 
lysical death, but rather — deliverance from the etern- 

consequences of sin, which is spiritual death. 
We would also include the 144,000 among those pictur- 
l here in verse 14, because this entire section seems to 
• another projection into the future state of all God's 
ideemed, including the Old and New Testament saints 
he 24 elders) and the renewed creation (the 4 beasts) 
verse 11. The purpose behind the mention of the 

ibulation saints, in verse 14, is in keeping with the 

111 lie tenor of this chapter which deals with that period 


Certainly, what we learn of the blessed state of these 
redeemed tribulation saints, can cdso be applied to all 
the elect of God. The main emphasis, in this particular 
section (vs. 9-17) seems to be, not so much centered 
upon any particular group of believers, but rather, upon 
the blessings and glories to be shared by all those wash- 
ed in the blood of Calvary's Lamb and dressed in the 
white robe of His righteousness. 
Note their blessed position. 

Verse 9 begins with John beholding in heaven, "a great 
multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, 
and kindreds, and people, and tongues, (standing) before 
the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white 
robes, and palms in their hands." As stated above, we 
would be inclined to see this innumerable host as made 
up of all the tribulation saints — those martyred and 
those who escaped martyrdom; also, Jews making up 
the symbolic niunber "144,000," and the innumerable 
host of Gentiles won to Christ through their evangelistic 
witness. We would also see this particular group as but 
representative of aU the redeemed of God who wUl share 
together in the eternal glory and bliss of those forever 
washed in the blood of the Lamb and clothed with His 
white robe of righteousness. Such a picture, one of 
eternal bliss beyond anything known here on earth, takes 
us clear beyond the period of time as we know it and 
gives us a brief glimpse of eternity, full bloom. 

These white robes, as well as the palms in their hands, 
serve also to suggest the glorious victory won by these 
redeemed ones over all their earthly foes. John was 
familiar with such imagery, for, Roman generals often 
would celebrate their conquests dressed in white and 
marching in to the conquered territory to the waving 
of palms, by its citizens. The Church of Christ must 
ever be in conflict with the world, the flesh and the 
devil — as long as it remains in this present state. 
But, in and through Christ, we are and shall be, more 
than conquerors. King Jesus has guaranteed both our 
security and our victory through the merits of Calvary, 
stained with His own blood. 

Verse 14 adds, to this scene of verse 9, the fact that it 
is this very blood of Christ — shed on Calvary — that 
makes it possible for us to wash our robes white (i.e., 
His death alone makes jjossible our righteousness and 
holiness). William Barclay makes this interesting ob- 
servation in regard to Christ's blood: "The blood of 
Jesus Christ stands for all that Jesus Christ did, and 
is, in His life and in His death, whereby, we are libera- 
ted from the consequences of our past life, gifted with 

I'iijfe Twelve 

The Brethren Evangelist' 

a present peace which is beyond understanding, and 
equipped with newness of life for the days to come" 
(The Revelation of John, p. 39). 

Barclay also observes, concerning the fact that verse 
14 mentions the saints doing the actual washing of their 
robes in the blood of the Lamb: "The blessed ones 
washed their own robes, that is to say, the act of man's 
redemption is Christ's; it is He who shed the blood and 
made the sacrifice; but the effect is not passive; man 
has to appropriate it; man in John's metaphor must 
wash his robes in the blood of the Lamb. The cleansing 
is there; the means of purification are there; but man 
must use them. There might be available to a man all 
the apparatus which would enable him to cleanse his 
garments, but all that apparatus remains ineffective 
until a man uses it for himself" (Ibid., p. 41) 

Verses 10 and 11 mention that the song of worship, 
adoration and praise that comes from the lips of these 
redeemed ones, is a song that is shared with all the 
redeemed of all ages — and also with the heavenly 
angels. Verse 11 gives us another picture, similar to 
that found in chapters 4 and 5, where God and His 
Lamb are the central figures, with the 24 elders (Old 
and New Testament saints) and the 4 beasts (all re- 
deemed creation) surrounding their throne. Eternity, 
then, will find God, His redemption, and His Christ for- 
ever the central theme of all song and the very focal- 
point of all attention. Their presence and glory (as well 
as that of the Holy Spirit) will be shared with all the 
redeemed — and such will make up their most blessed 
Note their blessed profession. 

In this particular section, three things are implied con- 
cerning the blessed profession of all God's redeemed 
ones. The first can be noted in verses 10 through 12 
which record the song, both of the redeemed tribulation 
saints and of the angels before the throne. These songs 
tell us that one of the blessed professions of the redeem- 
ed will be that of singing the praises of God and His 
Son. The theme of our song will ever be God and His 
redemption: "Salvation to our God . . . and unto the 
Lamb." The immediate context makes this "salvation" 
allude directly to the deliverance from the tribulation 
persecutions and martyrdoms — but in the total econ- 
omy of God, it suggests far more — our eternal redemp- 
tion from the consequences of sin. 

There will be no desire to draw attention to ourselves 
— rather, our song will be full of praise and adoration 
unto our God and His Lamb, Who, together, make our 
salvation possible and, alone, deserve our eternal praise. 
They alone (with the Holy Spirit) are worthy of all 
"Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and 
honour, and power, and might" (12). 

They alone are worthy of our blessing (adoration and 
praise), for, their goodness and love bring us both our 
creation and our redemption. They alone are worthy 
of our glory (boasting), for, they alone are King and 
Lord and Ciod! They alone are worthy of our recognition 
of their wisdom, for, they alone are the author and 
source of all true wisdom, knowledge and truth. They 
alone are worthy of our thanksgiving, for, they have 
done what no one else could do — saved us from 
our sins and translated us from the kingdom of dark- 
ness into the kingdom of eternal light. They alone 
are worthy of our honor, for, they alone are wholly 
transcendent in position and power — and they alone 

demand, and deserve, our complete submission and trusti 
They alone provide us the benefits of their power andi 
might — ix)wer and might which enable us both to( 
perform and to o\ercome. Thus, they alone are worthyJ 
for, their kingdom shall come (in force and power) and 
their will shall be done. (Note: this author could nob 
translate this song of the angels, in verse 12, except ini 
terms of the total Trinity, for, what is said here of (5od, 
must also be said of His Son and of His Spirit. Whethen 
there will ultimately be a convergence of these three, 
into one being and essence or whether there will etern'! 
ally be three manifestations of the one (Jodhead, no one 
is able to say positively. It is best to leave this to fu- 
ture revelation. ) 

The singing of the praises of God and His Son will be 
only one of the professions of the blessed redeemed ir 
eternity. A second profession will emerge directly fron"i| 
sjch song, and is suggested, in verse 11, where we se£' 
the angels — and, no doubt, also the redeemed (cf. 4:1( 
and 5:8), fall down before the throne and worship God 
Such is a picture of the submission and allegiance of th( 
inferior to the superior, and suggests to us, that eternitj' 
will involve our complete submission and devotion t( 
God and His will. Today men may rebel against Hi: 
authority and reject His right to rule. In that day, how 
ever, only those who willingly fall prostrate at His fee 
(submit completely to His sovereignty) will have ; 
share in the blessings of the redeemed. Humble alleg 
iance will be one of the highest of our professions. 

We would mention one other profession of the redeeir j 
ed in glory — and that is suggested for us in verse 15 j 
"Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serv j 
him day and night in his temple." As our profession o! 
humble allegiance will be the natural outgrowth of ou 
singing the praises of the triune God, even so shall ou 
profession of service be the natural outgrowth of sucl 
allegiance. Heaven will not mean the cessation of laboij 
— rather, it will bring an end to labor within the cor! 
text of weariness, suffering and pain. Heaven will pn !| 
vide the same opportunities of serving God as did th i 
garden of Eden for Adam and Eve before the fall. Hee 
ven's labors will be "day and night" because there wi 
be no "day and night" — rather an uninterrupted fe 
lowship with God and an unceasing labor of love. Sue 
labor will be wonderful, glorious and most blessed — ■ :; 
will be a labor from which we will neither shrink nc 
beg off. What all is involved — only eternity will ri 
veal. Suffice it to say, this, too, will be one of ou 
highest of professions — a profession of the highe; 
ecstacy and delight, for, "he that sitteth on the thror 
shall dwell among them" — the Shekinah presence an 
glory of God shall envelope us in His love and grace! 
Note their blessed possession (16, 17). 

Verses 16, and 17 have brought great comfort an 
strength to multitudes of believers down through tf 
centuries. Such reveal the Lamb of God turned Shei 
herd and offers visible proof of the fulfillment of or 
of the most precious of all psalms — Psalm 23. It 
this Lamb-Shepherd who is our eternal possession, an 
in and through Whom, we shall fore\-er find comple 
fulfillment of all our spiritual needs. These verses t( 
us that there will be complete satisfaction. They t{ 
us that we will never thirst, for we shall be able 
eternally drink from the Fountain of living water, tn 
flowing with a fresh and abundant supply — guai;i 
teeing eternal delight. Thoy tell us that we shall kni 

liircli %, 1968 

I'iige Thirteen 

iO suffering forever ( "neither sliall tlic sun liglit on 
liem, nor any heat" ) — in heaven all of our labor will 
e performed under the glorious rays of the "Son of 
ighteousness" Who will ever shine forth with healing 
nd love and grace — guaranteeing unending bliss. And, 
liese verses also tell us that we shall know no sorrow 
irever, for, "God shall wipe away all tears from their 

yes" guaranteeing blessed joy and glorious peace. 

n conclusion 

We would close this message by pointing out one of 
[le most beautiful pictures of Christ to be found in the 
ntire Scripture — one we have already compared to 
le picture of the good shepherd in Psalm 23. Here, 
1 the first part of verse 17, we read: "For the Lamb 
'hich is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and 
liall lead them unto living fountains of waters." In 
le language of the Psalmist, verse 17 tells us that, 
1 Christ, we shall want for nothing. It also tells us 
lat, in Him, we can find complete rest and refresh- 
lent ("He maketh me to lie down in green pastures"); 
erfect peace ("besides the still waters"); encourage- 
lent and strength ("He restoreth my soul"); righteous- 
ess and holiness ("He leadeth me in the paths of 
ghteousness" 1 ; and protection and care ("I will fear 


This verse also promises us the constant presence of 
nr heavenly Lamb-Shepherd Who wiU ever "feed" us 
nd "lead" us ("for thou are with me; thy rod and thy 
:aff they comfort me"). In Him there will be no lack 

1 any good thing ("Thou preparest a table before me 
. . Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth 
I'er"). Above all else, in Him, there is a continuous 
itpouring of His divine favor and blessing ("Surely 
oodness and mercy do follow me all the days of my 
fe") — and the constant assurance of an eternal habi- 
ition before His presence in glory ("and I shall dwell in 
le house of the Lord forever"). 

John, here in our text (vs. 9-17), is picturing for us 
the blessed state of the total Church of Christ — tri- 
umphant and eternally blessed. Such a state is seen as 
directly the result of God's Lamb Who also is revealed 
as our Shepherd and Lord. This is a most glorious pict- 
ure of eternity — one which should encourage each and 
every one of us to be true and faithful, irrespective our 
trials, tests or tribulations. In Christ, and with Christ, 
our present circumstances are as nothing — compared 
to the glorious position, profession and possession that 
are awaiting our future obtainment — and, that will 
make up the eternal blessedness of the redeemed. 

Jesus, the very thought of Thee 

With sweetness fills the breast; 
But sweeter far Thy face to see. 

And in Thy presence rest. 

Nor voice can sing, nor heart can frame, 

Nor can the memory find 
A sweeter sound than Thy blest name, 

O Savior of mankind! 

O Hope of every contrite heart, 

O Joy of all the meek. 
To those who ask, how kind Thou art! 

How good to those who seek! 

But what to those who find? 

Nor tongue nor pen can show: 
The love of Jesus, what it is, 

None but His loved ones know. 

Jesus, our only joy be Thou, 
As Thou our prize wilt be; 
In Thee be all our glory now, 
And through eternity. 

— Bernard of Clarvau.x 


olumbus, Ohio — Dr. Daniel A. Poling, 83, a past 
resident of the International Society of Christian En- 
savor and honorary president of the World's Christian 
Indeavor Union, died early this morning in University 
lospital, Philadelphia. He entered the hospital Febru- 
by 6. 

Funeral services will be conducted by Dr. Norman 
incent Peale in Marble Collegiate Church, 1 West 29th 
treet. New York City, on Sunday, February 11, at 
[00 p.m. There will be viewing in the Poling Chapel 
f the church Friday and Saturday from 2:00 to 6:00 p.m. 
I Dr. Poling was a minister of religion, editor, novelist, 
?dio speaker, leader in civic movements, counselor of 
nilanthropists, and friend of youth. For over half a 
i?ntury he was an outstanding church leader and a 
l/namic figure in American life. He logged over two 
iillion air miles in worldwide travel and had served 
veral presidents of the United States on commissions 
id special assignments. 

At the time of his death. Dr. Poling was editoi'-in-chiof 

The Christian Endeavor World and a member of the 

xeoutive Committee and the Board of Trustees of the 

International Society. He was also a member of the 
Executive Committee of the World's Union. 

In 1925 Dr. Poling was elected president of the Inter- 
national Society of Christian Endeavor; he served until 
1949. On the death of Dr. Francis E. Clark, founder of 
the movement, in 1927, he became president also of the 
World's Union; in 1962 at the World's Convention in 
Sydney, Australia, he was named honorary president 
for life. 

He served pastorates at Marble Collegiate Church in 
New York City and at Baptist Temple in Philadelphia, 
where he was also Chaplain of the Chapel of Four Chap- 
lains. This is an inter-faith memorial to the four young 
clergymen of three faiths who lost their lives in the 
sinking of the U.S.S. DORCHESTER in 1943. His son, 
Rev. Clark V. Poling, was one of these chaplains. 

Dr. Poling served as chairman of the Ail-American 
Conference to Combat Communism, which represents 
officially more than fifty national organizations of all 

Dr. Poling had two earned and 14 honorary degrees. 
He was the author of more than 25 books, including four 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

novels. His book reviews, numbering more than 300 
annually, are widely quoted. 

In 1963 he received the "Clergyman of the Year" 
award from Religious Heritage in America. He was the 
first clergyman to receive the Medal of Merit, the high- 
est civilian award given by his country. He wore the 
Cross of the Huguenot Society and the Silver Buffalo, 
National Boy Scout award. He was the fourth recipient 
of Christian Endeavor's International Youth's Distinguish- 
ed Service Citation. 

Leaders of the International Society presented Dr. 
Poling with a plaque on the occasion of his 80th birth- 
day expressing appreciation to him in these words, 

"Friend, confidant, counselor, inspirer, leader — wilJ 
affection, appreciation, and admiration, for his untirini 
efforts for Christ and the Church through Christiai 
Endeavor around the world, so wonderfully expressed iii 
his life, his service, his gifts to the movement." At th* 
bottom of the plaque w£is the scriptural quotation, ". . 
always abounding in the work of the Lord. ..." | 

In 1966, upon his retirement as editor of Christia* 
Herald, he was named chairman and editorial consult 
ant and president of Christian Herald Charities. 

Dr. Poling is survived by seven children and majn; 
grandchildren and great-grandchildren. 


Schmiller's Chatterbox — 


Attention Patronesses, Secretaries, and Treasurers: 
Please, Please, Please send your checks for dues and 
Thank Offering to the Financial Secretary. Do not 

send them to the Treasurer, President or General Sec- 
retary. This creates a great deal of confusion and it 
could mean your check will be lost. The goals state 
that the dues and Thank Offering are to go to the 
Financial Secretary. A list of your officers appeared in 
the November 11 issue of The Brethren Evangelist, they 
are printed in the 1968 Conference Annual, and in the 
program booklets. (The booklets this year had some 
errors, but you should have seen the corrections in The 
Brethren Evangelist, and patronesses should have receiv- 
ed a corrected copy. If you did not, write to the Liter- 

ature Secretary Becky Baker.) 

The project for this year, by the way, is World Mi; | 
sions, not Home Missions. This also was a mistake i 
the program booklets that should have been corrected 

Congratulations are in order for Rev. sind Mrs. Pai 
Steiner on the birth of a son, David Paul. Mrs. Steint 
is our Assistant Patroness. 

And here's the news I promised you the last tim 
It seems that the rumor I told you about before real i 
is true, and Suzanne Hall is not the only officer vvearir ; 
a ring. Would you believe Schmiller herself finally ma( 
it? I don't know if being a National Sisterhood offi« i 
is really the reaison, but something worked! Lov 
maybe? i 

The SMM Mailbag . . . 

from . . . 


The First Brethren Church of Waterloo, Iowa just 
organized a new Jr. Sisterhood of Mary and Martha. We 
have 14 active members. All 14 girls have been working 
hard and are so interested in seeing our organization be 
a success its first year and reach all the Sisterhood 

Our first money making project was selling "Chris 
mas Packets" containing tags, seals, and cards. Tl 
girls did so well and built up our treasury. 

In December we enjoyed a Christmas party and al 
sent a box to Margaret Lowery. We dressed dolls ai' 
made scrapbooks for her to give out at her Mission. 

In January we are meeting one of our goals by havij 
a bandage rolling party with our mothers. 

My girls have found fellowship and fun working 1 
gether for others and our church. I'm finding it's qui 
rewarding to work with this fine bunch of Jr. Sisterha 

Mrs. Roberta Gutknecht 



ians 2:11 


larch 3, 1968 

I'age Fifteen 

ivEx sisxoN^.a.inr 




The query often comes as to HOW Home ]VIission 
'orks begin and we are delighted to share with you 
ow the woric at St. Petersburg was born and is devel- 
ping today. 

April, 1966, the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
hurch purchased a five-acre site just outside the city 
mits of St. Petersburg, Florida, in anticipation of a 
ew Home Mission work there within reasonable distance 
'om the established church at Sarasota. At the same 
me Reverend Phil Lersch, then pastor of the Park St. 
hurch in Ashland, accepted the call to serve as pastor 
f the St. Petersburg Church. He resigned from the 
astorate at Park St. in September of 1966 and attended 
layton Theological Seminary to complete some courses 
l)ward his master's degree. The Board had secured a 
kan that it was willing to entrust with this important 
l>b at St. Petersburg. 

I A parsonage was then purchased at 6301 56th Avenue 
forth and March, 1967, the Lersch family moved into 
neir new home. 

The Sarasota Church, long separated geographically 
om other churches in the brotherhood, accepted this 
w work in their state as a personal challenge. They 
Id a "Welcome to Florida" Fellowship Supper for the 
ersches and their financial aid from Sunday School 
■ferings in the amount of §1400 supplied the funds 
eded to purchase office furnishings and equipment. 
Iso, Joe Wolford of the Sarasota Church built shelves 
the pastor's study. 
The Lersches and two Brethren couples in the area 
!gan disciplined Bible Study on Sunday evenings and 
oked to the Lord for guidance for future planning. 
fter having visited churches in the community on 
mday mornings for worship, they determined to hold 
leir first Sunday morning worship April 23rd at the 
irsonage and had three couples and two children 

May 14 a twelve-week Bible School Course was offer- 
|1 to include children from the age of 3, teenagers and 
lults. Leaflets announcing the program were distribu- 
d at 40 homes in the immediate neighborhood and 110 
>mes were visited in the Jefferson Manor area. The 
'•ogram was designed similar to that of Vacation Bible 
?hool except that they met only on Sundays. All ages 
et together for the Opening Worship, including Hymn 
udy and singing, learning the books of the Bible and 

an introduction to the day's theme. Then individual de- 
partments presented the Bible Study, handbooks and 
handcrafts. Then the morning closed with combined 
worship geared for the children's benefit. The six adults 
committed to the Lord's work in this new venture were 
matched by si.x eager children attending regularly. 

Midweek Study sessions were held for teachers to 
study the Biblical content of their lessons so that their 
understanding would be as broad as possible. On work 
nights they produced two tables made from doors with 
special folding leg brackets and four low-height benches 
for the children. 

Following the Bible School Course and more contacts 
throughout the neighborhood and the area through the 
St. Petersburg Ministerial Association, Kiwanis Club, 
P.T.A. and Cub Scout Pack Meetings, adults along with 
the children started participating in the regular services. 

At their first business meeting they determined to di- 
vide offerings into three parts — one-third each to the 
operating fund, benevolent fund and the building fund. 
Their first offering to missions in the 1966-67 fiscal year 
was $28.00. 

The Ten Dollar Club Call for the St. Petersburg work 
in 1967 brought receipts in the amount of $10,815 used in 

A view of Brethren House wliere 
congregation now worships. 

the St. Petersburg 

I'iige Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelist 

jjart payment of the Revolving Fund Loan for the purch- 
ase of the church site acreage. The $12,843 received from 
the Brethren Youth Project retired that remaining in- 
debtedness and left funds for a down payment and 
monthly ])ayments on a new meeting hall. 

The house ne.xt to the parsonage had been empty for 
several months and when moving parsonage furnishings 
became impossible to accommodate all those attending 
services^ the Missionary Board purchased this adjacent 
property. Now called Brethren House the building is 
used for regular services. The average attendance be- 
tween September, 1967, and January, 1968, was 19. A 
weekday women's study group averages 7 and Monday 
night men's group averages 4. 

In the fall Sunday evenings were set aside for the 
study of prayer, neighborhood prospects were invited to 
the parsonage for meals and visiting and then three 
Christmas carol sings were held in December and a 
Christmas Eve Service with 33 present and the New 
Year's party with 18. 

Two Saturday workdays at Brethren House helped all 
to get better acquainted and verified the genuine in- 
terest of the workers. They continue to have a two-hour 
Sunday morning schedule of study and worship, minis- 
tering on a regular basis to 12 adults and 14 children, 
plus others in the Bible Study groups. 

Brethren Churches and individuals have been uphold- 
ing the work with their prayers and special offerings 
and gifts. The church has a very well equipped pastor's 
study, filmstrip and slide projector, screen, an Altar 
Bible and stand, hymnals and various teaching materials 
and aids donated or made possible through cash gifts. 

The work at St. Petersburg is growing and progressing 
well in becoming a fellowship of believers witnessing in 

the community. Visit them when you are in the vicinitjjl 
and pray that this Home Mission will establish an(| 
nourish individuals to the point where they will be able! 
to take over the full responsibilities of mature ChriS' 
tians. Also, pray for the Lersches as they help in the 
continued study of the Word of God to sustain and 
guide lives of men, women and children in St. Peters'i 
burg. I 

Sunday School children at St. Petersburg grouped arouni 
the sign made by a fireman (friend of Bud Hcmiel) 1; 
the Sarasota community. 


July 1, 1966 — June 30, 1967 

This report has been based on receipts during the last fiscal year of the Mission- 
ary Board of the Brethren Church. 


1. Elkhart, Indiana, Church 

2. Vinco, Pennsylvania, Church 

3. Goshen, Indiana, Church 

4. New Lebanon, Ohio, Church 

5. North Manchester, Indiana, Church 

6. Nappanee, Indiana, Church 

7. Bryan, Ohio, Church 

8. Smithville, Ohio, Church 

9. Park St. (Ashland), Ohio, Church 
10. Canton, Ohio, Church 

$ 8201 

Total Church Offerings 

Individual's Contributions 


Dividend antl Interest Income 

Memorial Gifts 

$ 99,581.00 



larch 2, 1968 

Page Seventeen 

Miscellaneous Income 

District and National Organizations 


(figures have all been rounded to the nearest dollar) 


outheastern District 




Gate wood 



Kimsey Run 



Lost Creek 



Mt. Olive 

Oak Hill 


St. James 

St. Luke 


ennsylvania District 


Brush Valley 




Fairless Hills-Levittown 


Johnstown First 

Johnstown Second 

Johnstown Third 



Mt. Olivet 

Mt. Pleasant 


Quiet Dell 
; Raystown 

I Valley Church 
'; Vandergrift (Pleasant View) 
( Vinco 
' Waynesboro (Wayne Heights) 

White Dale 

hio District 

; Akron (Firestone Park) 

Ashland (Garber) 

Ashland (Park St.) 

Canton (Trinity) 

Columbus (Co-operative) 

Dayton (Hillcrest) 
■ Fairview 





Harrisonburg, Virginia 
Herndon, Virginia 
Cumberland, Maryland 
Fayetteville, West Virginia 
Haddix, Kentucky 
Hagerstown, Maryland 
Kimsey Run, West Virginia 
Quicksburg, Virginia 
Linwood, Maryland 
Lost Creek, Kentucky 
Mathias, West Virginia 
Maurertown, Virginia 
Pineville, Virginia 
Oak Hill, West Virginia 
Rowdy, Kentucky 
St. James, Maryland 
Woodstock, Virginia 
Washington, D.C. 

Berlin, Pennsylvania 
Adrian, Pennsylvania 
Pittstown, New Jersey 
Cameron, West Virginia 
Conemaugh, Pennsylvania 
Levittown, Pennsylvania 
Marianna, Pennsylvania 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania 
Masontown, Pennsylvania 
Meyersdale, Pennsylvania 
Georgetown, Pennsylvania 
Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 
Cameron, West Virginia 
Saxton, Pennsylvania 
Sergeantsville, New Jersey 
Jones Mills, Pennsylvania 
Vandergrift, Pennsylvania 
Mineral Point, Pennsylvania 
Waynesboro, Pennsylvania 
Terra Alta, West Virginia 

Akron, Ohio 

Ashland, Ohio 

Ashland, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 

Columbus, Ohio 

Dayton, Ohio 

Washington Court House, Ohio 

Fremont, Ohio 

Glenford, Ohio 

Gratis, Ohio 















































Page Eighteen 

Mt. Zion 
New Lebanon 
North Georgetown 
Pleasant Hill 
West Alexandria 
Williams town 

Indiana District 


Brighton Chapel 



Center Chapel 

College Corner 


County Line 




Elkhart (Winding Waters) 












New Paris 

North Liberty 

North Manchester 





South Bend 





Central District 

Cerro Gordo 





Midwest District 

Falls City 
Fort Scott 

Bellefontaine, Ohio 
Louisville, Ohio 
Mansfield, Ohio 
Massillon, Ohio 
Logan, Ohio 
Newark^ Ohio 
New Lebanon, Ohio 
North Georgetown, Ohio 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Smithville, Ohio 
West Alexandria, Ohio 
Williamstown, Ohio 

South Bend, Indiana 
Howe, Indiana 
Bryan, Ohio 
Burlington, Indiana 
Peru, Indiana 
Wabash, Indiana 
Twelve Mile, Indiana 
LaPaz, Indiana 
Denver, Indiana 
Warsaw, Indiana 
Elkhart, Indiana 
Elkhart, Indiana 
Flora, Indiana 
Goshen, Indiana 
Huntington, Indiana 
Kokomo, Indiana 
Bunker Hill, Indiana 
Bronson, Michigan 
Peru, Indiana 
Milford, Indiana 
Mishawaka, Indiana 
Muncie, Indiana 
Nappanee, Indiana 
New Paris, Indiana 
North Liberty, Indiana 
North Manchester, Indiana 
Oakville, Indisina 
Peru, Indiana 
Roann, Indiana 
Roanoke, Indiana 
South Bend, Indiana 
Teegarden, Indiana 
Rochester, Indiana 
Wabash, Indiana 
Warsaw, Indiana 

Cerro Gordo, Illinois 
Lanark, Illinois 
Milledgeville, Illinois 
Udell, Iowa 
Waterloo, Iowa 

Carleton, Nebraska 
Cheyenne, Wyoming 
Derby, Kansas 
Falls City, Nebraska 
Fort Scott, Kansas 
McLouth, Kansas 
Moi'rill, Kansas 
Mulvane, Kansas 



$ — 0— 




















1,421.00 ( 


312.00 ; 

380.00 ' 

159.00 ; 

78.00 ; 



larch 2, 1968 

Page Nineteen 

iforthern California District 



Papago Park 


St. Petersburg 

Lathrop, California 
Manteca, California 
Stockton, California 

Tempe, Arizona 
Tucson, Arizona 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Sarasota. Florida 








Thomas Hurley is a student at the Ashland Theological Senn- 
nary and is a member of the Gretna Brethren Church near Belle- 
ontaine, Ohio. This article is a paper written recently for a class 
n Missions. 


The purpose of this paper is to give an analysis of the 
irethren mission program in order to measure to what 
xtent the mission program is matching the idea of a 
Jiblical theology of the Christian world mission and 
ffer constructive criticism for improvement where 

: The first section of the paper is an analysis of the 
iiiblical Theology of World Mission. 

! The second section of the paper is an analysis of the 
Srethren mission program. First, I present the historical 
osition of the Brethren Church. Second, I present the 
rimary concern for today. Finally, I offer some con- 
tructive criticism. 

Biblical Tlieology of World Mission 

The theology of mission can be traced throughout the 
ntire Bible. However, I am concerned only with the 
Jew Testament and primarily with the Great Commis- 
ion. The Great Commission is found in each of the 
iospels and in Acts. The best two e.xamples are Matth- 
.w 28:19, 20 and John 20:21. 

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them 
1 the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
,[oly Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things what- 
;3ever I have commanded you. . . ." (Matt. 28:19, 20). 
I "Therefore Jesus said to them again: Peace be to 
pu: as my Father has sent me, even so I send you" 
John 20:21). 

The Great Commission of all Christians is to "Go!" 
roclaming Christ to all men who do not know Him. 

Johannes Blauw points out that "the only distinction 
which is relevant 'to the uttermost parts of the earth' 
is whether one has heard of Christ or not."' Therefore, 
we must remember that world mission is just as concern- 
ed with the man across the street as the unsaved soul 
in Asia, Africa, or South America. 

Robert Glover states that the mission of the Church 
is: "The Church was charged not with the task of win- 
ning the whole world, but of witnessing to the whole 
world; not with the responsibility of bringing all men to 
Christ, but of taking Christ to all men. In other words, 
the goal set for its missionary effort was not world-wide 
conversion, but world-wide evangelization."- Along with 
the responsibility of world-wide evangelization, there is 
also a responsibility to instruct Christians in the way 
of Christ. The Apostle Paul both proclaimed the Gospel 
to those who had not heard of Christ and nurtured the 
new-born Christians. 

The motive of missions must always be the impelling 
voice of Jesus Christ to proclaim, to baptize, and to 
teach. As Johannes Blauw aptly put it, "the great prime 
mover of the preaching of the Gospel does not come 
from outside (the 'need of the world') and not from with- 
in either (the 'religious impulse') but from above, as a 
divine coercion. "3 Recall the words of Paul in I Cor. 
9:16 — "Woe unto me, if I preach not the gospel!" 

The Apostle Paul was concerned that as many as 
possible could hear the Gospel. Glover tells us that 
Gospel means good news which he explains thus — 
"news can only be news to those who have not already 
heard it, and news can be good news to those who hear 

Page Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

it in time to secure its benefits. "■• Paul, as well as the 
early Christian Church, was expecting an immediate re- 
turn of Christ to gather His believers unto Himself. 
Therefore, it was urgent that the Gospel be carried to 
as many people as quickly as possible. It was also im- 
portant to spread the Gospel as quickly as possible be- 
cause everytime someone died without Christ, he died 
without the saving grace of God (John 3:18). 

The Theology of Mission is summarized by Paul in 
II Cor. 5:17-21 where Paul says that when God recon- 
ciled us to Himself through Christ, He gave us the min- 
istry of reconciliation; that is, God was in Christ recon- 
ciling the world unto Himself. But we are now ambas- 
sadors for Christ so that God can make his appeal 
through us. 

II. Brethren Theology of Mission 

I now want to turn to the "Brethren" Theology of 
Mission. First, I want to report upon the historical po- 
sition of the Brethren Church. Second, I want to re- 
port upon what I have been able to find out about mo- 
tives and activities today. 

The purpose of "The Brethren Foreign Mission Soci- 
ety" reads: "The purjMse of the society shall be to 
carry out the Great Commission of the Lord, Matt. 
28:19, 20." 1 

Dr. A. T. Ronk in chapter XI of History of the Breth- 
ren Church, which is not published yet, says that J. C. 
Cassel is "The Father of Foreign Missions in the 
Brethren Church."- Cassel made the following statement 
about missions in 1901: "To the model Christian the 
commission is a direct, personal command, obedience to 
which becomes the impulse and motive of his daily 
life, whether in the ministry, in the factory, in the store, 
on the farm or at the wash tub. The "go ye" of Jesus 
will constantly ring in the ears of every model Christian 
so that he will have neither rest nor peace until the 
Gospel has been preached to every creature, preparatory 
to the Lord's coming again."3 

Later in 1911, Rev. G. W. Rench commenting on 
"Missionary Motive" said, "The man who is 'out and 
out' for Jesus Christ soon discovers that missions is 
the very heart of the Gospel. Every man who preaches 
the Gospel preaches missions. The Brethren Church is, 
and always has been emphatically a missionai-y church." 

In the same article of the Brethren Evangelist on page 
9 we find these "Missionary Mottoes." "It is the mission 
of the whole church to give the whole Gospel to the 
whole world." "Jesus alone can save the world, but 
Jesus cannot save the world alone." 

In an article written in 1916 concerning a social gos- 
pel the writer says that the Gospel is to individuals not 
society. The writer is stressing that we cannot save 
society, but we can save individuals within that society.-* 

I am now going to jump thirty years of time. (Dr. A. 
T. Ronk told me that with the exception of a few men 
the "Brethren" Theology of Mission has always been 
that of Matt. 28:19, 20). I am now quoting Rev. Spencer 
Gentle in 1948. "This Great Commission was given for 
j'ou and for me. It was not given for the disciples only, 
it was not given for missionaries only, it was not given 
to preachers only, but it was given to every Christian. 
Each and every Christian has to go to the missionary 
field, and he can go in prayer, by giving, or by going 

As my current representation of the "Brethren" Theol- 

ogy of Mission I would like to quote Rev. Jerry Flora 
in 1960. "And what is the commission of the Brethren 
Church? It is to fulfill His commission — to go, tc 
make disciples, to teach them how to live as His anc 
how to reproduce their experience in others, Missionarj 
work is important to the Brethren Church because it i; 
Christ's work. . . . The primary motive for missions is 
the command of Christ. "If we fail to send out mission 
aries, we will become a mission field. This is not £ 
prophecy: it is history.''^ 

In talking with Dr. A. T. Ronk, Professor D. B. Flora 
Re\'. Glenn Shank, and Rev. Robert Bischof I have con 
eluded that the primary concern of the Brethren Churcl 
today is still the command of Jesus in Matthew 28:19 
20. Rev. Shank and Rev. Bischof both emphasized tha 
in Africa the primary motive is the commission of Chris i 
to go, to teach, and to make other disciples to go. Ah 
though I have not been able to question Rev. Ray Aspin 
all directly, I have not detected any primary motive 
other than a divine coercion for the saving of men'; 
souls. As near as I can tell, the "Brethren" Theology 
of Mission has always matched that of section I. 

In order to avoid any misunderstanding I want t< 
acknowledge that I know that the "speciahzed mission 
aries" of today are filling positions that free the Nai 
tional Evangelists so that they can take the Gospel t( 
their fellow men more effectively than we can. Th( 
missionary today is working with the National Christian . 
teaching and making disciples of them. Their role i 
increasingly becoming that of a pastor rather than ai' 
evangelist. As it is evident in Paul's journeys that theP' 
is a place for proclamation to diminish and teachin; 
how to live as a Christian to increase, so it is in Africa 

The only criticism of the Brethren Missionary Prograr 
I have is the lack of support at home. For some reaso; 
the Brethren Church has not been able to maintain 
proper teaching concerning the missionary program i 
order to maintain a proper attitude at home. Consc 
quently, we have not had the money to finance ou' 
mission program. The conclusion that I have come to i 
that ministers need to manifest a better attitude towar 
missionary programs. The minister needs to teach hi 
congregation Matthew 28:19, 20 and its importance. I 
general a definite program needs to be established. 

Footnotes : 



Johannes Blauw, The Missionary Nature of th 

Church, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc 

1962, p. 112. 

Robert Glover, The Bible Basis of Missions, Chicago 

Moody Bible Institute, 1965, p. 101. \ 

Blauw, op. cit., p. 126. 

Glover, op. cit., p. 23. 

Brethren Evangelist, Vol. XXII, No. 37, 9/20/190* 
p. 7. 

2. Dr. A. T. Ronk, History of the Brethren Churcl 

Ch. XI, p. 23 of manuscript. 

3. Brethren Evangelist, Vol. XXIII, No. 15, 4/11/190' 
pp. 6 & 7. 

4. Ibid, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 17, 4/26/1916, pp. 3 & 4. 

5. Ibid, Vol. LXX, No. 12, 3/20/48, p. 12. 

6. Ibid, Vol. LXXXII, No. 6, 2/6/60, p. 4. 

larch 2, 1968 

Page Twenty-one 



'- other graces, the Apostle said, 
'The greater of these is love." Any 
ranslation which declares love to be 
he greatest is in error, for the Greek 
orm is in the comparative degree. 
3ne might philosophically ask if a 
greater can ever be the greatest. 
Juch question cannot be answered 
)y a yes or no, for it depends on 
vhether comparison is of a lesser, 
)nly. In comparing several things, 
dl of which are greater than a less- 
■r, keen discernment, or specific 
knowledge, may declare one of the 
;reater as the greatest. Furthermore, 
he matter of kind may enter largely 
nto a judgment depending on simi- 
arity or diversity. 

Paul was comparing three diverse 
graces all in the field of theology, 
-le laid a foundation for his conclu- 
;ion, that love was greater, by neces- 
;itating faith in the enigma of the be- 
;louded glass of human limitations 
)bscuring sight (v. 12a), and justify- 
ng hope of the juvenility of life's 
foncepts, reasonings and occupations 
p the now ( v. 12b ) ; he excluded a fu- 
ture need of both faith and hope 
fvith an emphatic then — a then to 
|ully know, and to see clearly face 
|o face. The three abide now, but 
hen, of the three, only love, which 
xists in the greatest perfection in 
leaven, will continue as a soul-en- 
lancing function. The shadowy sem- 
)lance of love in time will ripen in 
he divine nurture of eternity. Paul's 
udgment was sound, that love is the 

The entire chapter of Paul's anal- 
'sis of love points to the Corinthiam 
ontention in the exercise of spirit- 
lal gifts. He held up to view three 
:reater gifts for them to "desire 
■■arnestly," and, in comparison, set 
he essentiality of love. 

The love, as delineated by the 
Apostle, is the kind of love "shed 
broad in your hearts" in the out- 
oiirings of heaven from the heart of 
Jod (Rom. 5:5). This is the agape 
f heaven which stands in opposition 
o all other concepts of life's great 
[motion. To the word love cling the 
aost sacred, the most elevating, the 
lost inspirational and the sweetest 

of human experiences, as Mrs. Max- 
well says, but to it cling also the 
greatest of life's tragedies, its coars- 
est comedy, and its worst vulgarity. 
We get out of life what we put into 
it, says the philosophers. There blos- 
soms in life, truth for truth^ lying for 
hypocrisy and for vanity only repent- 
ance and grief. 

Have we as believers ever set our- 
selves to the task of adequately de- 
fining love? Or does love in its high- 
est sense tend to defy definition? It 
is here that we must leave the gros- 
ser and more sensuous elements of 
love and envisage this function of the 
soul as a part of the divine revela- 

Paul approached as near a defin- 
ing thought of inspired love as any 
biblical writer. The thirteenth chap- 
ter of first Corinthians is a master- 
ful attempt. He revealed his insight 
and emotional involvement in his im- 
perative exhortation to the Church 
at Rome to, "Let love be without 
hypocrisy" (Rom. 12:9, 10). He used 
a most revealing word to convey the 
thought, a word from which we angli- 
cise hypocrisy, and which means play- 
acting. Paul is saying, "Do not play 
act or pretend in the business of 
love." Then he was not satisfied 
with the force of the admonition, but 
continued, "In love of the brethren 
be tenderly atfectioned one to anoth- 
er." What a choice of words! In 
Paul's language, he said, "Be glued 
together with the tenderness of a 
mother for her babe." Is that com- 
parable to the twentieth centuiy con- 
cept, or practice, of Christian love? 

Peter approximates the thought of 
Paul in his first letter in this senti- 
ment, "Seeing ye have purified your 
souls in your obedience to the truth 

unto unfeigned love of the brethren, 
love one another from the heart fer- 
vently" (1:22). Unfeigned love in 
Peter's thought is non-hypocritical 
love. He seems to add a new dimen- 
sion to brotherly love by saying, "Add 
to your Philadelphia the Agape" (1:- 
71, that is, add to the non-hypocriti- 
cal fervency of the heart an active, 
participating love. Doubtless Peter 
was referring back to Jesus' teaching 
that, "By this shall all men know 
that ye are my disciples, if ye have 
agape one for the other" (John 13:- 

The marvelous sign of discipleship 
was given at the last supper and the 
apostles from then on applied the 
new word of Agape to the supper, 
one of the three-fold sacraments of 
the Holy Communion. Jude so used 
the word in verse 12 when he so bit- 
terly condemned "certain men who 
crept in privily . . . denying our only 
Master and Lord Jesus Christ," lab- 
eling them as "hidden rocks (spots or 
defilement) in your agape (love- 
feasts) when they feast with you." 
It was in reference to spots in the 
agape that Paul condemned the tol- 
erance of the church in Corinth, and 
their glorying in knowledge of sin 
in the congregation. See how sharply 
he indicted them, "Your glorying is 
not good. . . . Purge out the old leav- 
en .. . wherefore let us keep the 
feast, not with old leaven, neither 
with the leaven of malice and wick- 
edness, but with the unleavened 
bread of sincerity and truth." 

Therefore, to the brotherly love, 
they were to add a participating love 
(agape), an objective, participating 
love in the Church, in the communion 
of saints, where all meet around the 
common table confessing that the 
slate of brother to brother is wiped 
clean due to self-examination, per- 
sonal confession of sin and the sym- 
bolic cleansing of the feetwashing. 

How high is our concept of agape? 
Great is the challenge to rise in our 
agape to that which is "like to that 
above." The Apostle John makes it 
crystal clear in his declaration that 
"... he who loveth God loveth his 
brother also" (I John 4:21). 

It seems quite evident to this 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist) 

preacher, at times, that the Church 
today ought to take its seat among 
the beUevers of Corinth and have 
dpummed into its consciousness the 
sturdy words of the Apostle. How 
we, as they, lilie to do or be some- 
thing spectacular. In Corinth was 
great confusion because they all 
wanted to voice the loudest gift. Paul 
must call to their attention that the 
"diversities of gifts" were of the 
Spirit, and that it was "God who 
gave some in the Church as apostles, 
prophets, teachers, miracles; the gift 
of healing, government and speaking 
in tongues." As outstanding and eye- 
catching as these things were, Paul's 
counsel was to "desire earnestly the 
greater gifts." Moreover, he said, "a 
more excellent way show I unto you." 
What could be more important than 
to prophesy, work miracles, govern 
or speak with tongiues? After twelve 
verses of analysing love, Paul wrapp- 
ed the whole matter up in the simple 
comparison of three greater things 
with love as the greater of the triad. 

The burden of what we have been 
saying on our theme thus far is in 
reference to the love of the brethren. 
We must not leave the discussion 
here. The love to be exercised and 
matured in the life of the saint ex- 
tends beyond the circle of believers. 

The writer of the Hebrews in 13:1 
said: "Let love of the Brethren con- 
tinue." But he followed quickly with 
the forward statement "Forget not 
to show love unto strangers: for 
thereby some have entertained angels 
unawares." It certainly is not sug- 
gested here that one should show 
love to strangers solely in the hope 
of angelic visitors, but rather that, 
if a heart of love is cultivated to en- 
compass strangers, there is reason- 
able possibility that angels may min- 
ister to the saint. Strangers in this 
context are without doubt those who 
are alien to the Christ and the way 
of faith. Herein lies the burden of 
activity as specified by the Lord for 
His saints. Here is the great mission- 
ary challenge. Here is the commis- 
sioned business of discipleship. Jesus 
therefore said to them again, "Peace 

be unto you: as the Father hath sent 
me, even so send I you." When the 
Master first entered their barred cind 
bolted room, He had said, "Peace be 
unto you." Now, introducing their 
sending forth, He again said, "Peace 
be unto you." Was the peace prom- 
ised on that eventful night tied in 
with the "breathing on them" and 
the "sending forth"? Just before the 
ascension Jesus outlined the believ- 
er's work and explained the ability 
to pursue it. Hear His words of 
authority. "But ye shall receive pow- 
er, when the Holy Spirit is come upon 
you: and ye shall be my witnesses 
. . . unto the uttermost parts of the 

Now was this witnessing to those 
outside of the Church to be a cold- 
blooded thing of blind obedience or 
was it to be the outpouring of warm 
and loving hearts? Next to the evi- 
dence of discipleship in loving the 
brethren stands this love of lost 
souls. This is a challenge to love in 
the superlative. Dare to love the 
unlovable. Dare to love the variant 
levels in the social order. Dare to 
bridge the prejudices of race or creed 
or color. And dare to love them 
enough to "open to them the Script- 
ures" and dare to suffer if need be in 
implementing that love. This means 
fulfilling the requirement of Jesus 
as second only to loving the Lord 
with all of ones being; "to love thy 
neighbor as thyself." And this means 
a heap of loving, for the most of us, 
for our ego-centric lo\'e ranks high 
in our personalities. 

When the Father revealed Himself 
in the incarnation. He gave a new 
dimension to the concept of love. In 
the catalogue of truths which out- 
shine the requirements of the law, 
as recorded in the Sermon on the 
Mount, Jesus made many statements 
that set the Jewish formalists back 
on their heels. Among them glows the 
new light on love. (Matt. 5:43) "Ye 
have heard that it was said. Thou 
Shalt love thy neighbor, and hate 
thine enemy: but I say unto you, love 
your enemies. ..." Here is a test 
of believers. It is comparatively easy 

to love the lovable, the friendly, those it 
who lo\-e us, but, to love the enemy! ,| 

Like the question "who is my neigh- f; 
bor," we should ask ourselves, who is | 
my enemy? It seems to this preach- i 
er that the only enemies a believer J 
should have are those referred to by 
Paul, as those who are enemies in , 
spite of the good graces of the be- 
liever. To the church in Rome (12:-: 
18) the Apostle postulates a princi- ! 
pie for the whole church, even to you t 
and me. "If it be possible, as muchL 
as in you lieth, be at peace with all^ 
men." "Avenge not yourselves, be- 
loved, but give place unto the wrath 
of God: for it is written, Vengence 
belongeth unto me; I will recompense, 
saith the Lord. But if thine enemy | 
hunger (the one who is an enemy 1 
through no fault of yours) feed him;it 
if he thirst, give him to drink: . . ,H 
be not overcome of evil, but overcome 
evil with good." That is love in action 
and, like the soft answer, will often 
turn away wrath. 

Here is our challenge, brethren. 
Here is the love superlative. And 
what is love? Is it a softness of sis- 
sies? Is it a will-o-the-wisp? Is it 
the result of man's struggle upward 
from the brute: Or is it the essence 
of the jjrofoundest element in the' 
attributes of (3od handed down tt 
fallen man to lift him up to the 
portals of heaven. 

Someone has factiously called lovt 
a sickness — if so, it is a "Desirable 
Disease." j 

Let me then 1 

Be weakest, most unsound of men! 
Let love's high fever play its part 
Till it shall melt my frozen heart; 
Let love's chill ague shock and shakC' 
And all my selfish bondage break; 
Let love's consumption eat away 
The hardness of mortal clay: 
Let love's neuralgia prick and stini^ 
My faults that ever closely cling 
And let love's lameness hold me fasi 
And bind me to her side at last! 
By such desirables as these 
I welcome love, the dear disease, 
And count it veritable hell 
If doctors ever call me well! 

Amos R. Wells 

Why not join the 


larch 2, 1968 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Tacoma, Wash. (EP) — First Bap- 
st Church here has been given the 
nances to build a 14-stoiy apart- 
lent unit for the elderly. 

The building will have 53 one-bed- 
x)m apartments, 145 efficiency 
partments and dining, lounge and 
lundry facilities. Rents will start at 
58 per month. 

The $2,528,000 loan was approved 
k the Department of Housing and 
Irban Develoijment and endorsed by 
le American Baptist Churches of 
le Pacific Northwest. 


Albuquerque, N.M. (EP) — The 
letter Business Bureau reported 
i>re that a "bunco Bible hustler" 
las completely unsuccessful. 
The hustler mailed an unordered 
ble to the Albuquerque mother of 
private serving in the Army. In 
s racket a Bible, when shipped, is 
•companied by a bill and a note 
lying that a son had ordered it for 
3 mother. 

iThe woman in this case called the 
L'tter Business Bureau to complain, 
I know my son didn't order the Bi- 
p. We're Jewish." 


Iowa City (EP) ~ Dr. and Mrs. 
seph E. Baker were indefinitely 
(spended from membership rights 
j the United Presbyterian Church 
•the U.S.A. following a rare church 


(The couple had been charged with 
Ssrupting the peace and unity" of 
:'pt Presbyterian church here in 
jjir efforts to persuade other mem- 
fs to oppose the razing and re- 
'icement of the congregation's 112- 
ir-old church building. 
The verdict of the four ministers 
1 three laymen who heard the case 
ans that Dr. and Mrs. Baker may 
t take communion, vote, or hold of- 

fice in any church of the denomina- 
tion, although they are not barred 
from attending worship services. 

Dr. Baker, 62, a University of Iowa 
professor, said that he would appeal 
the case to the Iowa Synod of the 
Church, and if necessary, to the de- 
nomination's General Assembly. 


Moscow (EP) — While bulldozere 
crash through slums to build an im- 
pressive new dwelling in an urban 
renewal project here, they carefully 
steer around the small, white church 
of Simeon Stolpnik nearby. 

Its preservation is another victory 
for Nikolai N. Sobolev, a man who 
has saved other old sanctuaries in 
this citadel of atheism. 

The 17th century Russian Orthodox 
church has green Byzantine domes 
and vaulted arches. Its case was 
taken up by Sobolev, chief inspector 
for state preservation of architectur- 
al monuments in Moscow. The white- 
haired official also fights to save 
other old buildings. His most famous 
achievement is the restoration of the 
Red Square Cathedral of St. Basil's, 
a fairy-tale cluster of onion-shaped 
domes and slender pyramidal towers 
atop nine churches. 


Durham, England (EP) — Eighty 
per cent of the teachers in Britain's 
state-run schools are satisfied with 
present arrangements for religious in- 
struction, according to the results of 
a nation-wide survey published here. 

The survey was organized by P. R. 
May, lecturer in education at Dur- 
ham University. It was conducted in 
1967 among teachers in all types of 
schools, in all types of communities. 

Mr. May, in summarizing his find- 
ings, said the response to his survey 
was encouragingly high, and added: 
"The proportionate breakdown of re- 
plies according to the type of school, 
sex, subject, position and length of 

Page Twenty-three 

service of respondents shows that 
the strong support for religious edu- 
cation in maintained schools is con- 
sistent in all groupings." 

(There is a wide range of "main- 
tained" schools in England and Wales 
but all come under county authori- 
ties and, therefore, the state, as dis- 
tinct from privately owned schools.) 

Some church observers saw Mr. 
May's findings as a definite shock 
for Humanists who are always cam- 
paigning against such education in 
state schools. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Quickly 
apologizing for any "ill-mannered, 
stupid and arrogant actions" by any 
American, the Rev. Dr. George R. 
Davis sent a telegram to the nation's 
First Lady after singer Eartha Kitt 
loudly charged in her presence that 
American youth are rebelling because 
of the war in Vietnam. 

Mrs. Johnson said she was sorry 
that what she called the good, con- 
structive things discussed at the cele- 
brated White House luncheon was not 
heard above the "shrill voice of an- 
ger and discord." 

Mrs. Johnson's press secretary, 
Elizabeth Carpenter, said hundreds 
of telegrams and phone calls had 
come in from all over the country 
expressing indignation at Miss Kitt's 
action. She said her staff had seen 
none of the other viewpoints. 

However, pickets for the Women 
Strike for Peace organization demon- 
strated in front of the White House 
with signs declaring: "Eartha Kitt 
speaks for the woman of America." 


Tallahassee (EP) — The Florida 
State Supreme Court has thrown out 
a 136-year-old statute banning inter- 
racial marriage. 

In a 5-2 ruling, the high court 
ordered Dade County Judge W. F. 
Blanton to issue a marriage license 
to James Van Hook, a Negro, and 
Liane Peters, a white woman. 

Said the court: the law forbidding 
miscegenation is invalid because it 
conflicts with the 14th Amendment 
of the U.S. Constitution, calling for 
equal protection under the law. 

The law's penalty had been 10 
years in jail and a $1,000 fine since 
1832 for anyone participating in a 
mixed marriage. 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelis 

Evening Walks with Jesus 




Text: John 4:43-54 

Part VI 


LAST WEEK WE JOURNEYED with Jesus to Jacob's 
well and Sychar, a city of Samaria where Jesus 
led an immoral Samaritan woman out of a life of shame 
into a life of faith. Jesus abode there two days and 
there was a great revival with many coming to accept 
Christ as the promised Messiah and Redeemer. We then 
read in John 4:43, "Now after two days he departed 
thence, and went into Galilee." 

Now this area of Samaria was the scene of much 
Old Testament history. Less than 2 miles from Sychar 
Jesus would have passed through the town of Shechem. 
This town was a Levitical city and was also one of the 
cities of refuge set up in the times of the Judges. Shec- 
hem was the first residence of the kings of Israel after 
the division of the kingdom. It was the first city visited 
by Abraham when he came into Canaan. Joshua de- 
livered his farewell message to the people here. Abime- 
lech was elected king here in 1235 B.C. and all Israel 
gathered in this city in 975 B.C. to make Rehoboam their 
king. Shechem is also the birthplace of Justin Martyr, 
one of the great church fathers (A.D. 100). 

I thought that it was also significant that one of the 
most tragic stories in the Old Testament resulting from 
an immoral sexual act occurs in this town so near to 
where Jesus met and talked with this immoral Samar- 
itan woman in New Testament times. When Jacob dwelt 
in this area, Hamor was king of Shechem and he had 
a son named Shechem. Prince Shechem saw Dinah, 
one of Jacob's lovely daughters and he lusted after her. 
Finally his lust conceived and brought forth sin — he 
forced her, or we would say he raped her. Now the 
Scriptures tell us that following this act, he claimed a 
deep love for Dinah and wanted to marry her. But Ja- 
cob's sons, Simeon and Levi, to avenge this defilement 
of their sister, tricked the men of Shechem and slew 
them all with the sword. The Old Testament story has 
an unhappy ending — the New Testament story has 
a happy ending. The Old Testament story ends in 
death — the New Testament stoi-y ends in salvation and 
life for the sinner. This is the difference between the 
Old Testament and the New. The Old Testament shows 
us man in a hopeless struggle with sin and death — 

the New Testament shows us how man may have thy 
victory over sin and death. This also illustrates for i; 
the great contrast between Law and Grace. 

Shechem is mentioned in connection with anothe 
familiar story in the Old Testament. It was to this tow 
that Jacob sent Joseph to find his brothers, who latt 
sold him into captivity in Egypt. 

Seven or eight miles further on. Jesus would ha\ 
passed through the city of Samaria. We read in I KinjJ 
16:23, 24: "In the thirty and first year of Asa kir I 
of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve year , 
six years reigned he in Tirzah. And he bought the hi \ 
Samaria of Shemar for two talents of silver, and bui| 
on the hill, and called the name of the city he bull) 
after the name of Shemar, owner of the hill, Samaria | 
Samaria continued as the capitol of Israel until the ca J 
tivity — about 200 years. Samaria was the seat 1 
idolatry in Old Testament times. Ahab built a temp 
to Baal here which was later torn down by Jehu, tl 
king noted for his furious driving. It was twice besei*j 
ed by the Syrians, unsuccessfully. It was the center ' 
activity for Elijah and Elisha. In New Testament titni 
it became the center of a great revival under t 
preaching of Phillip, the lay evangelist. On this jouril' 
Jesus would also have passed through the plain of Dothi ■ 
where Joseph's brothers actually sold him to the Ishmr' 
ites who then carried him in to Egypt and slavery. 

Arriving back in Galilee, Jesus returned to Cana, t 
sight of his first miracle. At Cana, a nobleman, or kinfjL 
officer, who li\-ed in Capernaum, some 15 - 18 mir" 
from Cana, came to Jesus beseeching him to come dov 
to Capernaum and heal his son who was at the poi. 
of death (John 4:45-541. First of all the nobleman :i 
gards Jesus as merely a miracle worker. He came , 
Him in time of need, like a person would call a doct 
He believed that Jesus could heal his son who was 
the point of death, but he also believed that Jef 
would need to go down to Capernaum, to the not 
man's home, and up to the room where his son lay 
Jesus reply was: "Except ye see signs and wonde 
ye will not believe." (This was the attitude of all " 
Galileans.) Jesus' purpose in these words seems 

irch 2, 1968 

Page Twenty-five 

ve been to elicit a liigher faith from this man. Jesus 
s claiming to be more than a miracle worker. He 
nted people not only to believe that He could work 
racles, but he also wanted them to know and trust 
d commit themselves to Him as their Messiah and 
deemer.^ The nobleman's only reply is: "Sir, come 
wn ere my child die." 

Mow Jesus applies the severest of tests. "Go thy way; 
f son li'veth." How difficult it must have been for this 
bleman to leave and go back to Capernaum without 
JUS. Ho had come to Jesus for the e.xpress purpose of 
tting Jesus to return with him. What would you have 
ne in his place? We must assume by the nobleman's 
;ponse, that Jesus had challenged him sufficiently and 
1 faith, while yet imperfect, was adequate, for the 
1 is healed. 

iVhen the nobleman is informed of his son's recovei-y, 
m tells us "that he and his whole family believed." 
5 faith became mature, real, dynamic, saving! He 
i his entire house, committed themselves to Jesus! 
u couldn't have convinced this nobleman and his fam- 

that Jesus wasn't all He claimed to be. He was now 
)roughly convinced! 

lesus has now worked two miracles in Cana of Galilee 
i how strange the contrast! The first was in a home 
ed with joy and gladness — a marriage feast. The 
:ond was in a home filled with an.xiety and pain and 
? shadow of death. But Jesus met the needs in botli 
mes! And Jesus can still meet the needs of every 
tne in which its occupants will believe and commit 
?mselves to Him! 

following this Jesus returned to Nazareth (see Luke 
.6-30). He availed himself of the opportunity afforded 

read the Scriptures in the synagogue. He read fi-om 
liah 61:1, 2. "Tlie Spirit of the Lord is upon me, be- 
ise he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the 
3r; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to 
jach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of 
ht to the blind, to set at liberty thorn that are bruis- 

ed. To preach the acceptable year of the Lord." When 
he first came back to Galilee we read: "And Jesus 
returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and 
there went out a fame of him through out all the region 
round about. And He taught in their synagogues, being 
glorified of all." But now, as He claims to be the ful- 
fillment of this prophecy, the people became very angry, 
and they attempt to kill Him. 

They were willing to believe that He could work mir- 
acles. They could not deny that He spoke with great 
eloquence. They could not deny His dynamic nature, so 
different from the scribes and Pharisees and priests of 
the day. But they refused to believe in Him as the Son 
of God . . . the fulfilment of their hope . . . the Messiah 
of God . . . the Redeemer of Israel! And this was their 

I want you to take a couple of thoughts home with 
you this evening. The Jews today still recognize Jesus 
as a great teacher, a prophet, a miracle worker . . . but 
not as the Messiah! Many Gentiles are in the same 
Hell-bound condition. They believe that Jesus was a 
wonderful person; a great teacher; a tremendous indi- 
N'idual . . . but the.v will not accei)t Him as the Son of 
God and the Saviour of men ... as their own personal 
Saviour! But this is the very heart and soul of the mes- 
sage of God's Word! This is the Gospel! This is the Good 
News! God gave His Son . . . Christ died for our sins 
. . . and as many as believe on Him to them He gives 
the power to become the sons of God (John 1:12)! 

Again Jesus' claims to Divine Sonship are declared and 
affirmed. His divine power is demonstrated in the heal- 
ing of the nobleman's son. His divine mission is de- 
clared in the reading of Isaiah 61:1, 2 and the claims 
He made. His Divine Sonship is claimed as he says: 
"Tills day is this Scripture fulfilled in your ears! 

The tragic thought that I would leave with you is 
this: It is still true today that those who have enjoyed 
the best opportunity for knowing Christ, often reject 

eiv s 

• • • 


yan, Ohio. Rev. M. W. Dodds re- 
ports that the First Brethren 
Church congregation voted to ac- 
cept preliminary building plans for 
a new church edifice. The propos- 
ed building is a two-floor struc- 
ture with 16,580 square feet. This 
will provide educational facilities 
for 390 persons with a possible 
forty classes. Worship facilities 
will provide for 330 in the sanctu- 
ary, 44 in the choir and an over- 

flow of 50 making a possible total 
of 424. 

At a recent business meeting the 
following people were called as 
Deacons and Deaconesses: Mr. 
and Mrs. Kenneth Kerr, Mr. and 
Mrs. Jack Oxenrider, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Jack Stombaugh. 

Bronson, Michigan. Mrs. Donald 
French, Moderator of the Matte- 
son Brethren Church, reports the 

following: As of October, 1967, our 
pastor has been Burdette Lewis, 
Colon, Michigan. Mr. Lewis and 
his family have been faithful mem- 
bers of the church for many years 
and have ser\'cd as officers of the 
church in many capacities. He has 
felt that God has called him to 
serve in this capacity and has ded- 
icated himself to this task. 

North Manchester, Indiana. It is re- 
ported in the "Manchester Month- 
ly" that Miss Marie Creager, a 
member of the church for many 
years, was the guest of honor at 
a reception held on Sunday after- 
noon, January 14, 1968, at the Shel- 
ler Hotel. Miss Creager had serv- 
ed as Librarian at the Manchester 
Community Library for the past 
49 years and had recently retired. 
Congratulations to Miss Creager! 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Tucson, Arizona. Rev. Clarence 
Stogsdill reports through his bulle- 
tin that the "ABC Committee" 
(Arizona Brethren Churches Com- 
mittee) recently met at Casa 
Grande, Arizona, to make plans 
for the forthcoming conference and 
summer camp. The matter of pur- 
chasing a camp site was also dis- 


BARBER. Mr. Albert Barber, age 
61, was buried on January 5 at Ap- 
ollo, Pennsylvania. He was a mem- 
ber of the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church, Vandergrift, Pennsylvania. 
The undersigned was in charge of 
the service. 

Rev. John T. Young 

* :J^ t- 

WARD. Mr. Theodore Ward, age 
63, was buried on January 30, 1968. 
He had been hospitalized since 1939. 
He was a member of the Pleasant 
View Brethren Church of Vander- 
grift, Pennsylvania. The undersigned 
was in charge of the memorial serv- 

Rev. John T. Young 

* * * 

DAILEY. Mr. David Dailey, age 
43, was buried on February 1, 1968, 
at West Leechburg, Pennsylvania. 
He, too, was a member of the Pleas- 
ant View Brethren Church of Van- 
dergrift, Pennsylvania. The under- 
signed was in charge of the funeral 

Rev. John T. Young 

* ^ ^ 

FARLEY. Mrs. Millard Farley, 
age 89, passed away following three 
years of illness. She was a member 
of the First Brethren Church, North 
Manchester Indiana. Memorial serv- 
ices were in charge of Rev. Wood- 
niw Immel, Pastor. 

Mrs. Maxine Burton 

* * * 

HARRIS. Mr. Oman Harris, age 
82, passed away recently at his 
home. He was a member of the 
First Brethren Church of North 
Manchester, Indiana. His Pastor, 
Rev. Woodrow Immel, conducted the 
memorial services. 

Mrs. Maxine Burton 

* =1' t- 

FREY. Mr. Ralph Frey, age 68, 
passed away on Sunday, January 28, 
1968, in Sarasota, Florida, while on 
a visit there. He was a member and 

a deacon of the First Brethren 
Church in North Manchester, Indi- 
ana. Rev. Woodrow Immel, Pastor, 
was in charge of the services. 

Mrs. Maxine Burton 

* * * 

RIPPEL. Mrs. Arthur Rippel pass- 
ed away on December 11, 1967. She 
was a member of the Mulvane Breth- 
ren Church, Mulvane, Kansas. Mem- 
orial services were conducted by the 

Rev. Carl L. Barber 

* * » 

HOOKS. Mrs. Clara Hooks passed 
away on January 14, 1968, at the age 
of 94 years. She was the eldest mem- 
ber of the Brush Valley Brethren 
Church, Adrian, Pennsylvania. Mem- 
orial services were conducted by the 
undersigned on Wednesday, January 
17, 1968, by the undersigned. 

Rev. Thomas Kidder 

FINNING. Mrs. Daisy Finning 
passed away on January 24, 1968, 
at the age of 66. She had been ill 
for some time. Services were con- 
ducted on January 26, 1968, with 
Rev. Jack McDaniel in charge. In- 
terment was in the Steele Cemetery. 
Mrs. F. P. Schroedl 

M: * * 

RACHOW. Mrs. Ida Rachow, age 
78, passed away on January 10, 1968. 
She was a member of the Brethren 
Church in Carleton, Nebraska. Serv- 
ices were held in the church with the 
Rev. Francis Shenefelt, pastor of the 
Church of the Brethren, in charge. 
Burial was in the Carleton Cemetery. 
Alta Rachow 

^: # =i: 

BAKER. Mr. Lloyd Baker was 
laid to rest on Sunday, February 4, 
1968, following his death earlier in 
the week. He was 75 years of age. 
Memorial services were conducted by 
the undersigned assisted by Rev. 
George Pontius, a former pastor. 
Burial was in the local I.O.O.F. 

He had been a member of the First 
Brethren Church in Roann, Indiana, 
for many years. 

Rev. Herbert Gilmer 


Kay Smith and Mr. Charles G. Beck- 
ley, both of Ashland College, Ashlanti, 
Ohio, were united in marriage in 
Cle\eland, Ohio, on Saturday, Janu- 

ary 27, 1968. The double-ring cere 
mony was performed in the Highlanc 
Christian Church where the bride is 
a member. ' 

Chaplain and Mrs. Eugene J. Beekj 
ley came from Kadena Air Base 
Okinawa, for the wedding, whicK 
was conducted by Chaplain Beekley' 

* =)^ * ■ 

SHRUM-CLARK. Miss Linda Le(' 
Shrum became the bride of Mr 
Wayne Elwood Clark in a double' 
ring ceremony performed by Rev 
Glenn Shank on Saturday, June 17 
1967, in the Maurertown Brethrer 
Church, Maurertown, Virginia. j 

Mrs. Clark is the daughter of Mr|i 
and Mrs. Austin Shrum of Maureri 
town, Virginia; and Mr. Clark is thit 
son of Mrs. Claude Clark of Mounij 
Jackson, Virginia, and the late Mi1 

Mrs. J. Frank Derflinger, Jrl 

* * * I 

RUTZ-SHRUM. The vows unitinjJ 
in marriage Miss Sandra Kay Rut 
and Mr. Ronald Lee Shrum wen 
spoken at 3 o'clock in the afternoon 
on October 21, 1967, in the Maurei 
town Brethren Church, Maurertowr 
Virginia. Rev. Glenn Shank, pastor 
officiated at the double-ring cert 
mony. He was assisted by Rev. Hai 
ry Crim of Strasburg. 

Mrs. Shrum is the daughter of Mi 

and Mrs. John Rutz of Strasburg 

and the groom is the son of Mr. am 

Mrs. Marvin Shrum of Maurertowr' 

Mrs. J. Frank Derflinger, Ji 


HEPNER-DUERR. The marriagi 
of Miss Beverly Ann Hepner to Spe( 
5 Michael H. Duerr was solemnize j 
on December 9, 1967, in the Maurei ) 
town Brethren Church, Maurertowr 
Virginia. Rev. Glenn Shank, pastoi 
officiated in the double-ring ccn j 

The bride is the daughter of Mrs-j 
Charles Lantz of Woodstock, Virgir | 
ia, and the late Mr. Lloyd E. Hepneil 
Jr. The groom is the son of Mri 
Robert Erickson of Titusville, Flo: " 
ida. !: 

Mrs. J. Frank Derflinger, J ij 

SINK-HENRY. Miss Helen Sin < 
and Dr. R. W. Henry were marrie ; 
in the First Brethren Church < j 
Flora, Indiana, on Sunday, Januar | 
14, 1968, in the presence of the in i 
mediate family. |i 

Rev. Clarence Kindley, pastor <■ 
the church, solemnized their vo»| 
in a double-ring candlelight cer : I 
mony. I 

irch 2, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 

Dr. and Mrs. Henry will be at 
me in Louisville^ Kentucky. 

Mrs. Gladys Flora 

H= =H 4^ 

>y and John Grieve were united in 
irriage by the undersigned in the 
alvane Brethren Church, Mulvane, 
msas, on Saturday, November 25, 
67. Both have been active mem- 
rs in the church for many years, 
d are now residing in Cedar Falls, 
wa, assisting in the new church 

Rev. Carl L. Barber 

QLREY-SANSON. On January 14, 
58, at the First Brethren Church 
North Manchester, Indiana, Rev. 
oodrow Immel performed a wed- 
ig ceremony for Miss Sara Lou 
rey and Mr. Richard Sanson. Mrs. 
nson is the daughter of Mrs. Joe 
nrad and the late DeWayne Ulrey. 
Mrs. Maxine Burton 


Mr. and Mrs. William Winter are 
; proud parents of a son, Todd 
lliam, born on January 30, 1968, 

Ashland, Ohio. He weighed In at 
pounds and 8 ounces, 
jrandparents are Rev. and Mrs. 

William Fells of MassiUon, Ohio, 
d Mr. and Mrs. Paul Winter of 
lall, Kansas. 

Mr. Winter is a student at the 
hland Theological Seminary where 

is preparing for mission work. 

Central District 

Spring Camp 
Cerro Gordo, Illinois 
March 15 - 17, 1968 
Rev. Elmer Keck, Pastor 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Revival Services 
May 12 - 19, 1968 
Rev. Paul D. Steiner, Guest Speak- 
Rev. James Black, Pastor 

Mulvane, Kansas 

Revival Services 

April 15 - 28, 1968 

Rev. James Naff, Evangelist 

Rev. Carl L. Barber, Pastor 


Levlttown, Pa. — 2 by baptism . . . 
Pittsburgh, Penna. — 9 by letter . . . 
Pleasant View (Vandergrift), Penna. 

— 4 by baptism . . . Dayton, Ohio 

— 2 by letter . . . Massillon, Ohio 

— 5 by baptism, 1 by letter . . . New 
Lebanon, Ohio — 23 by baptism, 2 by 
letter during the past year . . . War- 
saw, Ind. — 1 by letter . . . Morrill, 
Kans. — 1 by baptism, 1 by letter. 


Los Angeles, Calif. (EP) — Com- 
pleting what he believed was "some- 
thing of a record in the history of 
radio evangelism," Dr. Charles E. 
Fuller celebrated on January 21, 1968 
the 43rd continuous broadcast of the 
"Old Fashioned Revival Hour." 

Converted in 1917 under the min- 
isti-y of Evangelist Paul Rader, young 
Fuller left lucrative employment to 
study at the Bible Institute of Los 
Angeles and thence in 1925 to enter 
pioneering ventures with radio. 

Charles E. Fuller, 80, was unable 
to deliver the message on the anni- 
versary Sunday because of weakness 
resulting from lingering illness. How- 
ever, he did participate in the broad- 
cast by introducing his son Daniel, 
dean of the Fuller Theological Sem- 
inary in Pasadena, Calif. Dr. Dan 
Fuller spoke on his father's chosen 
text: John 6:68. 

Mrs. Fuller, heard for 35 years by 
millions each week over the 600 sta- 
tions carrying the broadcast world- 
wide, died June 11, 1966, at the age 
of 80. 



rasota, Florida 

Missionary Conference 

March 17 - 24, 1968 

Rev. and Mrs. Ray Aspinall, guest 

Rev. J. D. Hamel, Pastor 

:. Olive, Virginia 

Pre-Easter Services 
April 9 - 11, 1968 
Rev. Spencer Gentle, Guest Speak- 
Rev. Marlin McCann, Pastor 

yan, Ohio 

Evangelistic Services 

March 25 - 31, 1968 

Rev. C. William Cole, Evangelist 

Rev. M. W. Dodds, Pastor 


The following was sent to your 
Editor by Mrs. C. Worth Logan of 
Harrisonburg, Virginia: 

"Since this Is the beginning of a 
new year, I would like to make a 
suggestion about an easy way to 
write a history of your church. This 
is what I have been doing since we 
first had printed bulletins in the 
Bethlehem Church at Harrisonburg, 
Virginia, which was in 1958. 

"I keep all the church bulletins, 
punch holes, and put them in a loose- 
leaf note book. Any special happen- 
ings can be written along the edge 
of the bulletins and you can also 
file marriages, births and death an- 
nouncements in this book as they 
occur. After each year these note 
Ijooks can be placed in your church 
library for reference later. 

"They have become very dear to 
me, and sometimes I print something 
like: 'This was in our bulletin 5 years 
ago today,' etc. The little things, the 
nice happenings that you ordinarily 
forget, can be recorded this way. It 
is so simple, and yet so valuable for 
your church. 

"I keep all letters and little notes 
from our minister. Rev. John F. 
Locke, whom we all love very much, 
and these are very interesting to 
read later on. If you have Confer- 
ence, Rally Day, or any special pro- 
gram at your church, it is a neat 
way to file any statistics you would 
like to save, such as how many at- 
tended, how many ate meals, or need- 
ing lodging. 

"I have about 8 volumes so far. 
Want to try it this year''" 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangeli^i 





TT IS a well known fact that seven out of ten Ameri- 
cans now live in urban areas. In fact, we are nearly 
all a part of the process of urbanization. 

The shift of people from rural to urban communities 
has been going on throughout most of the recorded his- 
tory of mankind. Centuries ago, people began to congre- 
gate in cities largely for protection from otlier people 
or from a hostile environment. Quite naturally, these 
cities became centers of trade, industry^ enjoyment and 

The process of urbanization is not alone the fact of 
persons moving from the country to the city. It also 
involves a change in the "life-style" of both individuals 
and family units. Agricultural life has traditionally 
been a rather self-sufficient, individualistic economy in 
which people are more dependent upon themselves and 
their family for support and assistance than upon their 
neighbors or the society of which they are a part. 

The modern urban dweller is not simply a "rural" per- 
son living in the city. He is different, he thinks differ- 
ently and his value structure differs greatly from that 
of his rural neighbor. He is aware that, while his met- 
ropolitan area is more prosperous than ever before, his 
city has been dying ever since it was born. Death starts 
at its very core. This death has been an inescapable 
product of growth, exploitation and population increase. 

The product of the undirected, unemployed, uneduca- 
ted urban mind was experienced by thousands per- 
sonally and millions vicariously during the riots in a 
dozen urban areas last year. The fact is that masses 
of people are in open rebellion against almost every- 

Through the mass news media we are all aware 
the need for the restoration of order in American coi ■ 
munities and most of us have ideas on how this cou I 
be done. The fact remains that these "cures," even tlj 
best of them, cannot be expected to take effect ove j 

Until these social, economic and ideological problerj 
are solved, what are the churches going to do? Seven,) 
percent of our nation's people are urban dwellers. Wh ,i 
strategy — or series of strategies — can we use to me i 
their needs? More specifically, what plans have vj 
Brethren devised for directing our message and mi « 
istry to the great urban areas of our growing nation? h 

Dr. William Bennett, Professor of Christian Ethi>| 
and Social Work at Southern Baptist Seminary, outlim,! 
five challenges which the urban community poses for tl j 
church. '■] 

First, the church is challenged to demonstrate the i i 
titude of a servant in a positive involvement with huma-i 
ity. Basically, the Protestant Church must shift i:| 
emphasis from being a "come church" to a "go church'; 
thus reaching out to minister to the needs of men wit i 
out reservation. 

Second, urban centers challenge the church to apf ( 
the best principles of empirical and scientific resear-'l 
to the diagnosis of the problems and needs of both t ' ; 
cliurch and community. Social research can help fi: ; 
the areas of specific need to which the church may Ej! 
dress its ministi-y. i 

Third, the church's ministry must be redesigned I 
pro\'ide more flexibility, and therefore gain relevanc ' 
We must think in terms of innovation, new approach!^ 
and involvement for ministry. Our resources shot ■ 1 

I , 

arch 2.; 196» 

Page Twenty-nine 

!vcr be invested in a ministry that duplicates worl'; 
lat state or federal government projects can do better, 
'hen this occurs, we must redesign our ministry or 
aste it. 

Fourth, the church must enter into more appropriate 
operation with the helping professions in joint efforts 
improve the life of people in the cities. Our function 
ay best- be served by working through some of these 
ecialized channels in addition to the traditional ones. 
Fifth, the church is challenged to maintain its identity 
id be true to its purpose. The church must be more 
an an institution for social betterment, it must always 
ek to bring people into a personal, saving relationship 
ith Christ. 

In short, we Brethren can employ these basic ideas 
guidelines in our thinking as we accept the challenge 
minister in the cities of America. Cannot such a 
lallenging work be a call to mission for youth and 
lults, pastor and congregation alike? The cities are 
here the people are ... 25 by 75 anyone? 

Youth Reports from . . . 

. . . Johnstown II, Pa. 

We have an average attendance of 16 youth with 20 
on our roll. Our Senior group is under the new leader- 
ship of Mrs. Eva Petry and each Senior is taking a turn 
preparing and presenting the program for our meetings. 
The Junior-Intermediates are still under the leadership 
of Don and Nancy Markley and this group has also been 
preparing their programs with some adult supervision. 

Our combined projects so far were selling linen cal- 
endars and building a Residence Home replica that is 
our project in Argentina. We had a Halloween Party 
and a bowling party for extra activities. We also went 
carol singing. 

Our youth presented our Public Service on December 
17 with Tom Grove, our president, in charge. We aiso 
shared in a Christmas program with Third Brethren 
Youth hosted by our church. 

— Kathy Miller, secretary 

Educafionai Emphasis 

for April: 

/IISSIONARY education is at once one of the 
*-l most vital and the most neglected needs of 
le contemporary Brethren Church. During April 
is our desire that each and every church mem- 
!r be confronted with his responsibility to niis- 
on. It is the task of the local church to produce 
Indidates for both Home and Foreign Mission 
|ork. How can we expect people to pray, give or 
p unless we provide a plan for missionary educa- 

I In recent years many churches have arranged 
lissionary Conferences; this is fine. Each church 
lould have at least one such conference every 
;ar. Enthusiasm for such conferences is high. 
t the conclusion of each conference, many have 
pcided that there is much to be done and that 
[ley should be doing something . . . but what? 
i If there is no educational program for contin- 
pg missionary education, enthusiasm and inter- 
ft wane until the next Missionary Conference, 
ission is everybody's responsibility. 
Plan now for a Mission education program, 
ne of the best guides available is Missionary 
ducation Helps for the Local Church by Dick 
arson. It is a paperback of suggestions and re- 
lurces and sells for about $1.00. Secure this re- 
lurce item, use it, and strengthen your educa- 
snal work. 

. . . Meyersdale, Pa. 

Our Jr. High youth elected officers on September 
19, 1967 and they are: 

President Robert A. Hoffman 

V. President Joe Fisher 

Secretary Tom Courtney 

Ass't. Secretary Ginger Folk 

Treasurer Robin Mclntyre 

Ass't. Treasurer Susan Shuck 

Along with the Jr. BYC we made and sold approxi- 
mately 80 quart of vegetable soup. Of course, the ladies 
of the church did most of the actual making of the 
soup. Our youth groups delivered it after school. Garden 
vegetables were plentiful in our area so it was unneces- 
sary for us to buy anything but the meat for seasoning. 
This has always been a successful venture for us, and 
each year we have orders for more soup. 

Prior to Christmas we went caroling, after which we 
had a party. Gifts were exchanged, refreshments were 
served by the Summit Mills W.M.S. and then we en- 
gaged in a ping pong tournament. 

. . . New Lebanon, Ohio 

Our Senior Youth have done many things since our 
fall meetings started. In October our leaders — Mr. 
and Mrs. Blosser and Pastor and Mrs. Rowser — plan- 
ned a real nice Halloween party. In December our 
group put on a Christmas play called "They Presented 

Our Sunday night youth meetings started out as a 
study of other religious cults and recently we have been 
studying about alcohol and smoking and the effect they 
have on our lives physically and spiritually. These films 

Page Thirty 

and discussions may help us to help others with prob- 
lems such as these also. 

We have set our goal for $700 for the National Youth 

— Debbi Rusk, secretary-treasurer 

. o . New Paris, Ind. 

New Paris BYC combined started this year with about 
30 members. Officers elected for this year are; 

President Doug Smoker 

V. President and Program Chairman . Dale Sommers 

Secretary-Treasurer Dana Sommers 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Geiger are leaders of the Junior 
age group and Mr. and Mrs. Warren Swartz are leaders 
of the Jr. High and Senior age groups. 

Our program this year is varied; we have special 
speakers, discussions led by one of the youth on any 
subject they choose, and films. 

The sale of candy was our major money-making proj- 
ect, the Youth hired out for Slave Days and the money 
they earned goes to our National Project and we are 
also using Thank Offering Boxes again this year. 

Some of our activities so far have been a Skating 
Party with Nappanee and Milford; Nappanee joined us 
on a trip to Skid Row in Chicago, 111.; this was an in- 
teresting and enlightening experience. We have attend- 
ed a hockey game at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, and have met 
with the Goshen BYC and Elkhart BYC. 

During a week of special services in our church, we 
held a Youth Banquet with Dr. Shultz of the Seminary 
speaking to the youth. This proved very successful and 
we plan to make it an annual affair. 

At Christmas time we collected "Gifts for Mental 
Health" and went caroling with a party afterward. 

To end the year of '67 the youth, with Dennis Yoder 
as chairman, were in charge of games at the church 
Watch Night Service. 

— Dana Sommers, secretary 

The Brethren EvangelU 


The frigid temperature and snow that has been th; 
Pennsylvania weather story since Christmas provide 
appropriate atmosphere as the Brethren Youth of th 
Keystone State District converged on Vandergrift 
Pleasant View Church for a Snowman's Rally, SaturdaiJ 
January 20th. 

Young people from Levittown, Pennsylvania, and Se' 
geantsville. New Jersey, made the cross-state trip alon 
with Pastors Keplinger and Schwartz. Arriving Frida. 
evening, they were quartered in various homes eve 

Pastor Ed West and clan journeyed from Cameroi 
West Virginia, timing their long drive to arrive almai 
as opening exercises were starting. 

The day's program (which was coordinated by Cla 
ence Hesketh and the Vandergrift BYC) included we 
come, devotions, an inspiration address, sack lunch, bus 
ness sessions, movie and turkey dinner. 

The speaker of note was Reid Carpenter, director i 
Young Life in the Western Pennsylvania area. Reid 
also on the staff of the Pittsburgh Experiment. H 
unique ministry is to teenagers: down-and-outers, u I 
and-outers, and in^betweeners. Our youth and leadei j 
alike were impressed by the honest, straight-forwai 1 
manner in which he presented the claims of Jesus Chri: 
to today's teenagers. In 1967 Mr. Carpenter was selects 
as one of Pittsburgh's Men of the Year in Religion. I 

The movie "Beloved Enemy" was screened in the a 
ternoon and was found to be both interesting as W£. 
as challenging. 

The Vandergrift BYC reluctantly relinquished the s i 
tendance banner to their cross-state rivals from Lev.'! 
town. Congratulations are in order and appreciation j 
noted to all who helped make the Rally successful. J 

— Rev. John T. Young * 


A NUMBER of new Easter filmstrips were obtained 
last year and additional ones have just been receiv- 
ed in the Board of Christian Education library. All 
filmstrips listed below are available for a rental fee of 
$1.00 per filmstrip. Please allow at least two weeks for 
delivery since this will be a very busy time for the li- 
brary and mail service is slow. When ordering, give 
your name, address, number and title of filmstrip/s 
desired and second choices since it is not always possi- 
ble to supply your first choice. Descriptions following 
each title tell you how many frames are in the film- 
strip, what style it is done in, whether it has a record 
and manual — manual only — captions only, length of run- 
ning time if a record is available and the approximate 
age group/s for which it is designed. 
K-13 The Easter Dawn - 54 frames, color draws, rec & 

man, Jr.-adult, 13 min. 

Events of Passion Week are told in dramatic prose 

as rich and moving art provides a visual imagery. 

Events from the crucifixion through Pentecost are d 'I 
picted. Included is a suggested worship service. '; 

K-14 Easter in the Arts - 54 frames, color art pairi ^ 
ings, rec & man, jr.-adult, side A-12 min, side B-18 mi 
To present the Easter story as depicted on tl 
canvasses of the world's greatest artists. 

K-15 The Easter Donkey - 56 frames, color draws, r 
& man, pre-school-jr., 13 min. 

Purpose is to help children learn the importance ' 
humility, the need to be faithful to the opportuniti! 
for service that lay nearby rather than to always 
waiting for greater opportunities that may or may n ' 
ever appear. This is the story of the little donkc 
Christopher, whose grandfather was the donkey th 
carried Mary to Bethlehem at the birth of Jesus. E 
cause of an emergency, he misses an opportunity 
bear riches to the palace of a king, but is chosen ' 
carry Christ into Jerusalem. 

[arch Zi 1968 

Pag© Thirty-one 

;-16 The Easter Witness - 65 frames, color draws, rec 
& man, jr.-adult, 17 min. 

This is the story of Lucius^ young son of a Roman 
Centurion, who lives in Jerusalem; Lucius has little in- 
terest in growing up to be an officer in Caesar's army 
like his father is. More than anything else, he wishes 
to be an artist. Lucius has talent, but the faces ho 
paints -are cold, showing little emotion. Through the 
coincidence of time and place, young Lucius has an 
opportunity to observe many of the events leading 
up. to and following the Crucifixion. Jesus' love through 
all the cruelty that surrounds him reaches out and 
touches young Lucius. The effect on the boy is start- 

;-17 In Joseph's Garden - 29 frames, color draws, rec 
& man, children-adult, 13 min. 

The story of the first Easter impressively portrayed 
in new and original art work. Ideal for worship serv- 
ices and for teaching purposes. Selected hymn frames, 
includes complete worship program and guide. Record 
contains both a children's version and an adult version 
of the story. 

■37 God's Easter Plan - 38 frames^ color draws, rec 
& man, jr.-adult, 10 min. 

Scenes showing how the renewal of life in the 
springtime is a part of God's plan — coded into every 
living cell from the beginning — lead viewers to con- 
sider how it was also a part of God's plan from the 
beginning that God would send his beloved Son to 
live among the people, speak for Him, demonstrate 
His nature, and finally to atone for man's sins. BibU- 
cal sequences show Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane, 
his betrayal by Judas and arrest, his trial, crucifixion 
and resurrection. 

;-38 Jesus Is Not Afraid - 37 frames^ color draws, rec 
& man, primary, 7 min. 

Jesus returns to Jerusalem and receives a joyous 
welcome from his followers. A few days later after 
observing the Passover supper with his disciples^ he is 
arrested by his enemies, tried and crucified. 
;-39 Jesus Lives! - 36 frames, color draws, rec & man, 
primary, 6 min. 

A group of women who have come to the tomb to 

anoint Jesus' body find the body gone and are told that 

Jesus is alive. Finally on a mountain in Galilee, Jesus 

tells them, "Lo, I am with you aways." 

[-11 Jesus Rides to Jerusalem - 39 frames, color draws, 

rec & man, pre-school - pri, 10 min. 

1 It is springtime, and at Sunday Chui-ch School the 

children and their teacher discuss the preparations that 

are being made for Easter Sunday and the weeks 

, leading up to it. This prompts one youngster to ask 

i how Palm Sunday got its name. In answer, the teach- 

i er tells them of Jesus' Triumphal Entry and the 

i Cleansing of the Temple that followed. Then they all 

discuss the many ways in which they could prepare 

I for Easter. 

j'-2D The Word from the Cross - Forgiveness - 36 
I frames, color draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, 
! sermon outline when requested "Father, forgive them." 
i Reconciliation is offered to us, too, whose sins still 
; nail Him to the cross. 

'f-30 The Word from the Cross - Repentance - 36 
frames, color draws, rec & man_ 8 min., jr. high-adult, 
sermon outline available upon request "Today you 
will be with Me." 

Christ died fur all sinners. We, too, may be with 
Him in Paradise. 
iV-31 The Word from the Cross - Concern - 35 freimes, 
color draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon 
outline available upon request "Woman, there is your 

E\en in death He thought of those He loved. Love 
is faith in action. 
N-3'2 The Word from the Cross - Security - 35 frames, 
color draws, rec & man_ 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon 
outlme available upon request "Why did You forsake 

Christ took on the despair we earned so we have 
God's peace. 
N-33 The Word from the t ross - Service - 37 frames, 
color draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon 
outline available upon request "I am thirsty." 

Christ shared our mortal physical suffering. Our 
service is to quench His thirst. 
N-34 The Word from the Cross - Fulfillment - 35 frames, 
color draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon 
outline available upon request "It is finished." 

Triumphant fulfillment of God's grace. It is finished 
for us. Death is going home to God. 
N-35 The Word from the Cross - Freedom - 37 frames, 
color draws_ rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon 
outline available upon request "He is risen. He is not 

As Christ kept His promise, we, too, may rise in new 
N-36 In Our Stead - The Messiah - 31 frames, color 
draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon out- 
line available upon request. 

We still misunderstand God's promises today. 
N-37 In Our Stead - The New Covenant - 32 frsmies, 
color draws, rec & man, 9 min., jr. high-adult^ sermon 
outline available upon request. 

Sealed for God's people by the Lord's Supper. 
N-38 In Our Stead - The Betrayers - 33 frames, color 
draws, rec & man, 8 min., jr. high-adult, sermon out- 
line available upon request. 

The betrayal of Christ by Judas . . . and by our- 
N-39 In Our Stead - The Proud - 34 frames, color 
draws, rec & man, 9 min., jr. high-ad-ult, sermon out- 
line available upon request. 

We share the pride and failure of Caiaphas and 
N-40 In Our Stead - The Uninvolved - 31 frames, color 
draws, rec & man., 7 min., jr. high-adult, sermon out- 
line available upon request. 

People try to remain aloof, as Pontius Pilate did. 
N-41 In Our Stead - The Redeemed - 34 frames, color 
draws, rec & man^ 10 min. jr. high-adult, sermon out- 
line available upon request. 

Believers, unbelievers still stand at Christ's cross. 
N-42 The Peace of Easter - 46 frames, color draws, 
rec & man, 11 min., jr. high-adult, sermon outline 
available upon request. 

If we find no peace, perhaps we do not believe those 
who saw Him. 

Other filmstrips concerning the Passion Week and its 
events are available as listed in the regular catalog 
which you should consult in addition to the filmstrips 
listed here. 


Rev. 6. Mrs. Albert T. Ronk 
27 High St, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren Evangelis 

"Written by a master Biblical 
scholar, this cominentary provides 
unexcelled reference material." 

Adam Clarke's Commentary 

at an attractive low price! 

Adam Clarke's Commentary 
One Volume Edition 

ONLY $11.95 

1350 pages 

Clear and helpful Introduction 
to each Bible book. 

^ Handsomely bound in a fine 
quality blue Buckrum-finish cloth 
with 14-karat gold leaf stamp- 
ing. End sheets and top edge 
are tinted. 



The rich and scholarly six volume commentary of Adam 
Clarke, skilfully abridged to a single volume of 1350 
pages by Ralph Earle, Th.D. 


Adam Clarke's monumental commentary on the Bible has 
been a standard reference work for over a century. Now 
it promises even greater usefulness in this new one 
volume edition! 

The actual words of Adam Clarke have not been 
changed, except in a very few instances where there 
has been some modernization of expression or where 
a word or so has been inserted in brackets to complete 
the sense when there was deletion of original text. Thus, 
the great scholar is allowed to speak for himself. 
Much material that is "dated" or is extraneous to the 
needs of the reader today has been eliminated. Readers 
will rejoice that Adam Clarke takes on even greater 
meaning in this careful and loving abridgement. 


"Dr. Ralph Earle's condensation of Clarke's Commentary 
puts us all in his debt." — Delbert R. Rose, Asbury 
Theological Seminary. 

"This monumental work for a century and a half has 
been recognized as a sfandard authority. In a ministry 
of more than a half century I have consulted Clarke with 
pleasure and prorll." — 6. C. Goodpasture, Church of 

Order from 





524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 






o*? o'c^O^no'' rs^^ 

Aee ^ct^c 4 

March 16, 1968 

No. 6 

Ht. "BnitUcit 



Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 

Woman's Missionary Society . .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Sumniy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 


534 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 

$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dres.s, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "Demonstration vs Destruction" 3 

Cover Page: "Jesus Sentenced to Death" 4 

The Missionary Board 5 

Headquarters Building Fund Report 8 

The Brethren Layman 9 

Boys' Brotherhood Program Materials for April .10 
"The Seventh Seal and the First Four Trumpet- 
Judgments" by Rev. R. Glen Traver 13 

"Evening Walks with Jesus by the Sea" 

by Rev. George W. Solomon 15 

The Seminary Sweetheart Banquet 17 

The Board of Christian Education 18 

"Ecological Disequilibrium — a Challenge for the 
Church: Will We Trample the Globe to Death?" 

by Norman B. Rohrer 21 

"A Letter You Should Read" 22 

Letters to the Editor 22 

World Religious News in Review 23 

Pastors' Conference on Faith and 

Order Program 25 



Southeast District Layme 


Hagerstown, Marylan 

April 20, 196 

4:30 P.kI 


CONGRATULATIONS are in order for the f 
lowing couples who recently haive had ad 
tions to their families. God has given these lit 
ones to these parents in order that they might 
given back to Him for His use. 

Rev. and Mrs. Ronald Laudenschlager of 
bash, Indiana, announce the birth of a daughtcB 
February 20, 1968. 

She weighed in at seven pounds and ten ouii 
and has been named Ruth Lynne. 

Rev. Laudenschlager is the pastor of the Col 
Corner Brethren Church near Wabash. Bes 
Ruth Lynne the Laudenschlagers have three b 

On February 24, 1968, Rev. and Mrs. Jerry \ 
became the proud parents of a boy. He weif 
eight pounds and nine ounces and has been na^ 
Timothy Mark. 

Rev. and Mrs. Witt live in Udell, Iowa, wher 
is pastor of the First Brethren Church. The V 
have another son. 

On February 26, 1968, a son was born to 
and Mrs. Jack McDaniel of Falls City, NebR 
He has been named Larry Alan. 

Rev. McDaniel is the pastor of the First Bret 8 
Church in Falls City. They ha\'e another son 

The Woman's Missionary Society 

Sisterhood Program Materials for April . . 
Signal Light Program Materials for April 

larch 16, 1968 



Page Three 


T)8monstfation vs destruction 

\ GAIN, we are beginning to hear that this 
"^ coming summer is going to be a "hot" one. 
ertain individuals are making plans to destroy 
'oiJerty, loot, fight, rape and intimidate under 
16 guise of demonstrations! A voice heard on 
le radio recently insisted that his group was go- 
g to get what they want in way of material 
lings even if it took destruction and force to get 
lem. He went on to say that his group had been 
leated out of these things long enough. It made 
) difference to him that there were laws against 
ich thievery. 
Then there are those who bum their draft cards 

demonstrate their unwillingness to face up to 
e facts of war in our society. Again, the law is 
:ing broken. If the individual is sincerely oppos- 

to war, there are ways for him to express this 
ehng without breaking tlie national law. 
Now, there is nothing wrong with peaceful dem- 
istrations! Every individual has the right to 
press his convictions within the confines of the 
w. If an individual wishes to demonstrate by 
arching along a certain way to a certain place, 
: has this privilege as long as he does not break 
ly laws on the local, state or national levels, 
so, this right is upheld as long as he does not in- 
inge upon the rights of others! Our American 
ciety has been founded upon this principle ! The 
oblems come when those who advocate demon- 
•aition also advocate violence. 
What did our Lord do. He did not always agree 
th society about Him? 

He was always very careful to voice His opin- 
1 even when it was different than those around 
m. He taught a way of life that was definitely 
posed by those in authority. You will note, bow- 
er, that He never destroyed the other man's 
>perty; He never looted or stole another's 

wealth; He never harmed those who were in op- 
position to Him. 

The sad part of our pro'blem today in America 
is tliat many Christian people see no wrong in 
this type of action as long as they get what they 
want! There are also those who uphold such ac- 
tion on the part of others! 

It is sort of a paradox when our demonstrators 
demonstrate for peace, for equality, for personal 
safety, at the same time destroying property, in- 
juring others and stifling the freedom of those 
around them. They demonstrate for freedom at 
the same time denying freedom to others. For 
instance: it was somewhat disgusting to see the 
demonstrators in various universities blocking the 
doorways to the offices of Army, Navy and Ma- 
rine recruiters to keep fellow students from coun- 
selling with these men, refusing to leave when 
asked to by the authorities. Some, when forced 
to move, denounced the authorities for "interfer- 
ring with their freedom" while at the same time 
they were interferring with the freedom of their 
fellow students. 

Something is happening to our American way 
of life. To be sure, some of this is being agitated 
by outside force, however, we cannot condone any 
part of a demonstration that infringes upon the 
rights of others! 

Let it be said again that you and I have the 
right to demonstrate as we see fit just as long as 
this demonstration is done in the confines of the 
law! When done othei'wise it is wrong! 

Our Lord taught us to respect the law of the 
land. He also taught us to live peaceable with 
those around us. We Christians need to take a 
long look at the problems of society ai'ound us, 
and perhaps get a little more involved in seeking 
solutions to them! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelis 

the cover page 


"Good News for Modem Man" 

AT EVERY Passover Feast 
the Governor was in the 
habit of setting free any prison- 
er the crowd asked for. At that 
time there was a well-known 
prisoner named Jesus Bai'abbas. 
So when the crowd gathered, 
Pilate asked them, "Which one 
do you want me to set free for 
you, Jesus Barabbas or Jesus 
called the Christ?" He knew 
very well that they had handed 
Jesus over to him because they 
were jealous. 

While Pilate was sitting in the 
judgment hall, his wife sent him 
a message: "Have nothing to do 
with that innocent man, because 
in a dream last night I suffered 
much on account of him." 

The chief priests and the eld- 
ers persuaded the crowds to ask 
Pilate to set Barabbas free and 
have Jesus put to death. But the 
Governor asked them, "Which 
one of these two do vou want 

me to set free for you?" "Bar- 
abbas!" they answered. "What, 
then, shall I do with Jesus call- 
ed the Christ?" Pilate asked 
them. "Nail him to the cross!" 
they all answered. But Pilate 
asked, "What crime has he com- 
mitted?" Then they started 
shouting at the top of their 
voices, "Nail him to the cross!" 
When Pilate saw it was no use 
to go on, but that a riot might 
break out, he took some water, 
washed his hands in front of the 
crowd, and said, "I am not re- 
sponsible for the death of this 
man! This is your doing!" The 
whole crowd answered back, 
"Let the punishment for his 
death fall on us and on our chil- 
dren !" Then Pilate set Barabbas 
free for them; he had Jesus 
whipped and handed him over 
to ])e nailed to the cross. 

Matthew 27:15-26 


From, "Good News for Modern Man," the New Testam 

in Today's Englisli Version ivith line drawings by Siv 

Artist Aniiie Vallotton, published by the Amerit 

Bible Societji. 186.5 Bro(tdir(iy, Xeic York, Neiv Yi' 

10023. Cop: right 1!I66. 


larih 16, 1!)G8 

Page Five 





►r. Arthur M. Climenhaga 

rE PARK STREET CHURCH in Ashland. Ohio, was 
richly blessed and challenged in a week-long Mis- 
(jnary Conference held February 4-11, 1968. The theme 
t this conference, "The Future of Christian World 
lissions" help us not only to be appraised of the pres- 
it picture of World Missions, but challenged us with 
le future and its opportunities and possibilities. Fi'om 
le keynote address by Dr. Arthur M. Climenhaga to 
le closing fellowship dinner with the Aspinalls and the 
ictorial presentation of Eden Bible Institute and its 
I irk and outreach, the Conference was inspirational, in- 
irmative and involved all who came in interesting dia- 
'gues on missions. 

The program for the week was planned by our Mission- 
■y and Evangelism Committees and reflected an inter- 
>t in the future of World Missions in the light of pres- 
it day problems related to the growing spirit of Na- 
unalism in our world. 

SUNDAY — February 4 

10:30 A.M. — Dr. Arthur M. Climenhaga, Keynoter, 
speaking on "The Challenge of the Har- 
6:30 P.M. — Discussion of the mornings message 
7:30 P.M. ~- Pictures of Brethren African Missions — 
Rev. Glenn Shank 

MONDAY — Febmary 5 

7:30 P.M. — Rev. Raymond Aspinal! speaking on 
"The Training of National Leaders in 
the National Church" 

TUESDAY — February 6 

7:30 P.M. — Dr. Arthur M. Climenhaga speaking on 
"The Evangelical and World Missions" 

WEDNESDAY — February 7 

7:30 P.M. — Rev. Glenn "Doc" Shank speaking on 
"The Christian Mission in Relation to 
Growing Nationalism" 
Refreshments and Fellowship in Church 

7:30 P.M. 

7:30 P.M. 

THURSDAY — February 8 

— Reverend Robert Bischof speaking on 
"The Spontaneous Growth of the Church 
in Africa" 

FRIDAY — February 9 

— Rev. Aspinall, Bischof and Shank on 
"The Future of Brethren World Mis- 

Reverend H. Raymond Aspinall 

Missionary in Argentina 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Reverend Glenn "Doc" Shank 

Missionary in Nigeria for eleven years 

SUNDAY — February 11 

10:30 A.M. — Reverend Raymond Aspinall brought an 
inspirational message using tlie great 
missionary text found in Acts 1:8. 

6:30 P.M. — Carry-in Supper "Farewell To the Asp- 

7:30 P.M. — Pictures of Eden Bible Institute 

The unique innovation of this conference was the in- 
volvement of each of the speakers and the congregation 
in dialogue. Each evening the speaker presented his mes- 
sage on the suggested subject. Then the other three men, 
forming a panel with the speaker, each made additional 
comments on the evening's theme and posed any ques- 
tions they might have to the speaker. In addition to this, 
tlie congregation was invited and encouraged to offer 
thoughts, or jxise questions to this panel of experts. This 
proved to add new interest and involved our people in 
actual sharing rather than only listening. In fact, an 
opportunity came early in the conference to share. On 
Sunday evening, February 4, at 6:30, a group gathered 
in the Church Parlor to discuss the theme presented 
by Dr. Climenhaga — "The Challenge of the Harvest." 

The conference presented some informative and inspir- 
ing chEillenges for us. Some conclusions were: Christian 
World Missions does have a future — there will always be 
a need! The National Churches need trained leaders, not 
only in the pulpit, but in the pew. The harvest is ripe, 
but the laborers are few. The Brethren Church needs to 
conserve its Lifework Recruits by establishing a program 
that will involve them from the time they make their 
commitment until they find their place in the Lord's 
work. The Brethren Church needs to involve the laity 
in mission ... in Christian Service. The suggestion was 
made that we encourage every new convert to render at 
least two years of active Christian Service and that the 
Church should provide opportunity for this type of short- 
term service at home and abroad. It was said that the 

future of Christian World Missions rests squarely upon 
the "home base" . . . not just upon the "Home Church," 
but upon each individual member of this "Home Church" 
and his active involvement in the work of World Evan- 
gelism at home and abroad, through personal work in 
the local community and the giving of his wealth and ot 
liis posterity to the world-wide mission of Christ. Par- 
ents need to encourage their children to consider the 
challenge of this world of which we are apart — a world 
in desparate need of the Gospel of Jesus Christ! 

Our prayer is that the spirit of this conference will 
jirevail in our church for years to come! > 


Reverend Robert P. Bischof 

iVIissionary in Nigeria for tliirteen years | 

Note: The offerings lifted each evening were given l| 
help equip a Sound Truck for Evangelistic wor \ 
in Argentina. ; 

Norl-h Georgetown's 
Chrisf-mas Gift 

UPON tlie suggestion of Moderator, Ca 
roll Hieronimus, of the North Georg; 
town, Ohio, Church it was decided to forej 
sending Christmas cards within the chun 
membership. A card was placed on a tr 
addressed to all mem'bers of the church ai 
the cost of cards and mailing was placed 
an envelope for missions. 

The total amount realized for missions w 
$65.00 which was forwarded to the Missio 
ary Board. 

arch 16, 1968 

Page Seven 


\ MEN'S MISSIONARY PROGRAM recently got un- 
derway at the Chandon Brethren Church. The 
■ogram was planned to study the Bibhcal Basis for 
issions and to learn more about the Brethren Church's 
issionary program so that each of the men might work 
ore effectively in missions. 

Mr. Howard Young is giving the lay leadership and 
s take excerpts from his recent monthly bulletin re- 
)rting on the first meeting they had. 
"Pastor Kuns spoke for about 15 minutes on the Bible 
isis of Missions. He read Genesis 22:18; 26:4 and 28:14, 
hich are God's covenant promises to Abraham, Isaac 
id Jacob that through them and their seed all nations 
id families of the earth would be blessed. In Psalm 
■ he noted that God blesses Israel "so that they might 
low to the rest of the nations that God is concerned." 
tien he read John 20:21 ". . . as my Father hath sent 
e, so send I you." The Pastor feels that this is a com- 
ission to all the church and that we are charged to 
) all possible and to prevail in prayer to aid those 
orking for Christ in other lands. 

Since we want prayer to be the most important part 
these meetings, we prayed together for the missionar- 
s by name and for their special individual needs which 
ime had mentioned in their December letters. 
Everyone expressed the need to learn more of the 
lecific needs of the field and to start work on some 
■actical projects that would help the missionaries. So 
e discussed the following ideas: 
1) Writing to the missionaries. 


2) Exchanging tapes with the missionaries whenever 

3) Publishing a monthly paper and activity bulletin. 

4) Plan a Mission Sunday with full emphasis upon 
overseas evangelism. 

5) Visit the Brethren Service Center in New Wind- 
sor, Maryland, to find out about medical projects. 

6) Prepare biographical sketches of national workers 
as soon as the information is available. 

They ended the meeting with a social time and planned 
to meet again in a month's time. 


picture taken by Mr. Holmes Bayliss of the men pres- 
t for the first Men's Missionary Program. They are 
5m left to right: Holmes Bayliss, Pastor Richard 
ms, Ron Estep, Howard Young and Bruce Stark. 






ALTHOUGH Kitty and Dick Winfield moved to the 
Kulp Bible School late in February, their address 
will remain the same for our mailings. Perhaps you have 
been aware of the fact that mail to all our missionaries 
has been handled through the Field Secretary's office in 
Jos. Tlie address of each is c/o Church of the Brethren 
Mission, Bo.x 626, Jos, Nigeria, West Africa. 

The Winfields are anxious to get more permanently 
settled and to get their things out of the rest of their 
barrels. They enjoyed their stay in Mbororo and had 
some regrets leaving the Bolingers and the beautiful 
valley among the mountains. They will have about two 
months to prepare for classes which will begin around 
the first of May. Part of their preparation there also 
includes painting the house in which they will live. 

Pray for the Winfields in their new location, their 
adjustment to the work, in their preparation for teach- 
ing and in their fluent use of the Hausa language. 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelisi 


YOU WILL note here that the 
total offerings so far on the 
Headquarters Building project 
only come to $3,054.19 as of 
March 5, 1968! Of course, we 
realize that this amount only 
represents two or three church- 
es, but much of it is individual 
gifts from people who are unable 
to attend a Brethren Church, or 
who are elderly people on pen- 
sion, or students. We truly ap- 
preciate these gifts ! 

We are a little concerned about 
some gifts that have come in, 
however, for they are not "A 
Day's Pay." By the gifts re- 
ceived, some of us are only earn- 
ing $25 per week! And with a 
family to support ! 

Then, on the other hand, we 
are thrilled with some gifts that 
have come in! One student (full 
time student) with a family has 
given and pledged $40 to the 
fund! This is sacrificial giving! 

We would call your attention 
to the fact that the Denomina- 
tion stands behind each local 
church in all aspects of church 
life. Many of our churches have 
benefited from such organiza- 
tions of the denomination as the 
Missionary Board, the Board of 
Christian Education, the Publi- 
cation Board, etc. Some of you 
have received finances from the 
Missionary Board through the 
Ten Dollar Club, special financiaJ 
calls, loans from the Revolving 
Fund, etc. Now it is your time 
to help us out ! Remember, when 
you were in need of help, the 
people of the Brethren Church 
came to your assistance — you 
can help to repay this kindness 
by helping us in this time of 
need ! 

All you need to do is come to 
Ashland and visit our various of- 
fices and you will see immediate- 
ly the need of this new building! 

Honestly, now, have you given 
your Day's Pay? 

$ 160,000.00 Needed 
3,054.19 Received 

$ 156,945.81 Balance Needed 

[arch 16, 1968 

Page Nine 


ames E. Norrls 

Program for April 



Tipture: I Thessalonians 4:1-12 

It is interesting to note that Paul described the church 
the world sees it, earlier in this epistle; then, it was 
e walk before men — now it is the walk before God. 
;cording to the Scripture now before us, it is possible 
wallt to please God. How this is accomplished is the 
nter of our thought tonight. The first 5 verses of this 
apter are an exhortation to "personal purity" — from 
rse 6 to 10 exhortation to "practical piety." 

'■ What did Paul constantly emphasize (1)? 
Thought provokers — Do we walk to please God? By 
lat authority does Paul exhort all Christians? What 
es it mean "to abound more and more"? (Refer to the 
hvised Standard Version.) 

; What is the will of God for every Christian (3, 4)? 

What does sanctification mean? If we are set apart 
• God, then our lives should be clean. All lusts of the 
dy must be subdued. Since the body is the temple of 
'd, it is necessary that we dedicate it to righteousness 
d hohness (I Cor. 6:16-19 RSV). 

Let no man defraud his brother (6-8). 
-heating and defrauding will be dealt with, for the 
rd is the avenger. We are called unto holiness. "He 
irefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God, 
o hath also given unto us, his holy Spirit." The Mosaic 
V says, "Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither 
) him" (Lev. 19:13a). 

But as toucliing brotherly love (9, 10). 

^1 Christians should love one another, but should go 
'ond that and have love toward all men. A spirit 

filled life is a love filled life. Race, color or creed knows 
no boundaries to the true Christian. 

5. Aspire to live quietly (11). 

(The following is taken from New Light From Old 
Lamps, by Roy L. Smith.) The Apostle Paul was a man 
of remarkable common sense. Read his letters to the 
churches, bristling with sensible advice, and you get the 
feeling that he would have been a wonderful neighbor 
next door. The infant church at Thessalonica was com- 
posed of people who had grown up under paganism. All 
their table manners, household habits, and concepts of 
citizenship were derived from their pagan surroundings. 
And one of the major responsibilities Paul faced was the 
necessity of training them according to Christian stand- 
ards. There is very definite religious virtue associated 
with the spirit of neighborliness. "Study to be quiet and 
to do your own business" (KJV). The busybody and the 
meddler are as wrong as those who deny the deity of 
Jesus or the doctrine of salvation. The worker who loafs 
and the employer who exploits him are as surely wrong 
as the agnostic or the unbeliever. The life of a Christian 
speaks for itself. 

6. Walk honestly toward them that are without (12). 

The honest walk is more than meets the eye. We can't 
expect to win souls for Christ if we do not walk honestly 
before them. The life of a Christiaji is always under 
scrutiny by the unconverted soul. The constant aim of 
the Apostle Paul is to advise Christians how they ought 
to live. "There is therefore now no condemnation to 
them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the 
flesh, but after the spirit" (Romans 8:1). 

Page Ten 

Boys' Brotherhood Study Article — 

The Brethren Evangelis 



God's world in the Bible 



THE PRESENT SCIENCE of mineralogy with its 
names and exact tenninology is a young science 
coming later than physics, chemistry, astronomy, or 
mathematics. Mineralogy as a science probably did not 
exist at the time the Bible was written. It is quite im- 
ixissible to be certain in all cases that when a mineral 
name is used in the Bible, it is used with the same mean- 
ing as that attached in modern mineralogy. The gem 
stones, or precious stones of the Bible, are minerals with 
identities in a considerable state of uncertainty and 

There are of course a number of minerals that pre- 
sent no problems. Water is a mineral, the identity of 
which has always been certain. No one questions the 
meaning of gold, silver and iron. 

This article will not contain all the minerals listed in 
the Bible, but will attempt to present the weU known 
ones concerning their facts and locations of Biblical ref- 
erences. The minerals wEl be grouped as follows: (a) 
Precious stones; (b) Metals; (c) Common Minerals. 

A. Precious Stones 

There is much uncertainty in the identification of spe- 
cific minerals as precious stones of the Bible. In spite 
of this difficulty, man's reaction to beauty and the things 
that endure does not change. Thus we share with the 
ancients certain facts in the evaluation of precious 
stones. There must be beauty in terms of color, trans- 
parency, luster, and brilliance. There must be some 
degree of durability, especially if the gem is to be worn 
or handled extensively. 

There are four principal lists of precious stones record- 
ed in the Scriptures. They are as follows: 

(1) The twelve precious stones of Aaron's breastplate, 
each stone representing one of the tribes of Israel (Ex- 
odus 28:17-20 and Exodus 39:10-13). 

A replica of this breastplate was presented to the 
Baptist Assembly at Green Lake, Wisconsin, in 1960. 
The replica and the story of its making are fully des- 
cribed (Aaron's Breastplate, by A. Paul Davis, St. Louis, 

(2) The wisdom list of Job (Job 28:16-19). 

(3) The gems of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13). 

(4) The precious stones of the Holy City (Revelation 
21:18-21). There is a precious stone for each of twelve 

Amber (Ezekiel 1:4, 27; 8:2) —The Hebrew woi 
hashmal, refers to the color of a bright fire. This woi 
be some shade of yellow. Amber as we know it today 
a fossil resin generally found on seacoasts or in san' 
soils. The characteristic color is yellow, with brown - 
red shades possible. Specimens in our museums oft 
show entrapped beetles or other insects. It is such! 
mixture that it cannot be classified as a single mineii 
It takes a high polish and has been \'alued for beads a 
other ornaments. 

Young men and boys, as we read this, it might 
\'ery significant to apply these facts to our daily livi 
Our lives are highly polished with airs and manneris 
on the outside, but how often do our lives mirror 
entrapped sins, lusts, and temptations of our inner beir 
Are our lives such a mixture of greed, lust for fai 
and desire for material possessions, that we fail to aX. 
our lives to reflect the values of the righteousness : ; 
salvation of souls that is available to all who call ujj 
the name of the Lord (Acts 2:21 and Romans 10:1', 
This should be of great concern in our prayers and i j 
nessing actions. 

Amethyst (Exodus 28:19; 39:12; RevelaUon 21 :| 
This is one of the loveliest forms of quartz, and tfcl 
is general agreement that the amethyst of the Bibli i| 
our present amethyst. It is a purple to blue-violet f( I 
of quartz. Amethyst was the ninth stone of the bre ij 
plate, and the twelfth of the foundations of the I- 1^ 
City of Revelation. The museum in Denver, Color: \ 
has a magnificent display of clusters of amethyst c> 
tals of priceless value. 

Beryl (Exodus 28:20; 39:13; Ezekiel 1:16; 10:9; 1 '■ 
elation 21:20), a beryllium aluminum silicate, is » 
mined and valued as a source of the light metal, b '■ 
Ilium. This metal was not known until 1828. A si ,e 
crystal taken from a mine in South Dakota weighe< •* 
much as 75 tons. Gem varieties include yellow or { i- 
en beryl, emerald which is a highly prized translU' i' 
to transparent sea-green stone, aquamarine whicli" 
blue, and morganite a rose red variety. Beryl was ,^ 
tenth stone of the breastplate, and the eighth of f 
foundations of the Holy CSty. 

Carbuncle (Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Isaiah 54:12; Ezrel 
28:13), the third stone in the breastplate, could :j« 
been any one of a series of red precious stones. |t| 

larch 16, 1968 

Piigre Eleven 

lodern carbuncle is the almandite garnet, an iron alum- 
lum silicate. Much of the garnet available is not clear 
nough, and sufficiently free of cracks, to be of gem 
uality, and is used for abrasives. Salida, Colorado, 
; well known for its unusually large-sized crystals. 

Chrysolyte (Revelation 21:20). The seventh founda- 
ion of the Holy City is chrysolite, a yellow to greenish- 
ellow form of olivine. The green olivine is known as 
eridot. The mineral is a silicate of magnesium and 
•on. Even today most gem quality olivines come from 
n island in the Red Sea. 

Chrysoprasus (Revelation 21:20), the tenth foundation 
f the Holy City, may have been the apple-green form 
[ chalcedony, sometimes called green jaspar. A small 
srcentage of nickel may account for the green color, 
eads of genuine chrysoprase, dating to 1500 B.C., have 
3en taken from an Egyptian grave. 

Diamond (Exodus 28:18; 39:11; Jeremiah 17:1; Ezek- 
1 28:13), the sixth stone of the breastplate. What was 
? Very probably not a diamond, for it is claimed we 
ive no evidence that the ancients ever out diamonds, 
he reference in Jeremiah is to writing with a pen of 
on having a diamond point. This pen could have been 
pped with various hard minerals, capable of writing 
1 very hard substances. 

Emerald (Exodus 28:18; 39:11; Ezekiel 27:16; 28:13; 
evelation 4:3 21:191. The emerald, the fourth gem 
' the breastplate, and the fourth foundation of the 
oly City, is indeed a stone worthy of such a high po- 
tion. It is a lovely transparent to translucent deep 
■een form of beryl. An emerald is a magnificent gem 
one which was available to the Hebrews, and it would 
! odd if they did not prize it sufficiently to include it 
nong the precious stones. 

Jasper (Exodus 28:20; 39:13; Ezekiel 28:13; Revela- 
ta 4:3; 21:11, 18, 19). The last stone of the breastplate 
id the first in the foundation of the Holy City, jasper 
described under chacedony. It should be noted that 
le characteristic of this stone, as we know it, is its 
•aqueness, not letting light through. However, we read 
Revelation 21:11 that a jasper stone was clear as 
.ystal. There is evidence that the petrified wood of 
I'izona is largely jasper. 

jPearls (Job 28:18; Matthew 7:6; 13:45, 46; I Timothy 
^; Revelation 17:4; 18:12; 21:21). Pearls, like coral, 
jvelop In the sea by the abstraction of calcium carb- 
ate from sea water. The pearl develops around a bit 
foreign matter within the shells of oystei-s or mussels, 
is of soft structure, and is easily destroyed. A small 
hount of acid would convert it to nearly worthless 
licium chloride, a water-soluble salt, and the gas cor- 
n dioxide. The reference in Matthew 7:6 implies a 
igile structure. Halley's Bible Handbook also gives 
j this message concerning Matthew 7:6 and the casting 
! pearls before swine. "This means we should use com- 
m sense and tact in talking about our (Christian) re- 
Jion, else we may do our cause more harm than 
pd." As we listen to God speak to us through His 
vine Inspired Record (the Bible), let us also pray to 
m through His Son and our Savior for guidance by 
3 Holy Spirit in our lives, thoughts, action, word, and 
eds. Our concern and zeal for viitnessing; and salva- 
n of souls, as well as our own dedicated Christian 
■Ik, should be entirely under the guidance of the Holy 
irit. You young men and boys can have this true and 

factual association if you so desire and seek, it is avail- 

Buby (Job 28:18; Proverbs 3:15; 8-11; 20:15; 31:10; 

Lamentations 4:7). Corundum as a mineral usually oc- 
curs as a dull, unattractive but hai-d form of aluminum 
oxide, often crystallized in hexagonal forms. Corundum 
of a rich, clear red variety is the ruby, while the other 
colors of gem quality corundum account for the sapphires. 
The best source for good rubies is Burma. In the first 
four of the references above, rubies are used as a norm 
for evaluating wisdom. In the fifth reference, it is used 
for measuring the worth of a virtuous woman. 

B. Metals 

Of the 103 elements now known to man, 78 are metals. 
Of these only gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, tin and 
mercury were known to the ancients. The brass of the 
King James Version of the Bible was copper in some 
instances and bronze in others. Brass was the most 
modern alloy of copper and zinc, bronze being the copper- 
tin alloy. A metal is an element with a metallic lustre. 
It is usually a good conductor of heat and electricity. A 
metal such as gold, silver, and copper may occur in 
nature as the free recognizable metal, or as is the case 
with most metals, it may occur in compound form, chem- 
ically united with other elements in such a way that 
the ore appears dull and non-metallic. 

Metallurgy is the science of winning the metal from 
its ore and the subsequent refining and treating for 
adapting it to its many and varied uses. The earliest 
reference to a man skilled in iron and bronze work is 
that in Genesis 4:22, this man being Tubal-cain. 

Archaelogists recognize a copper-stone age (4500-3000 
B.C.) preceding the bronze age (3000-1200 B.C.). The 
iron age (1200-300 B.C.) follows. There is, of course, 
overlapping and none of these ages have really ended. 
In fact, when one considers the tonnages used, it should 
be apparent that we are still living in the iron or steel 

Gold was known and used freely and skillfully in the 
oldest of civilizations. A multitude of gold ornaments in 
excellent condition in the museums of the world amply 
verify this. The earliest evidence of gold mining is that 
of rock carvings of Egypt, showing the washing of gold 
sands, and the melting of gold in a small furnace. This 
went back to at least 2500 B.C. (G. Wilkinson, The Man- 
ners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, London 
2.137, 1874). Strabo (Geopraphia 3.2) describes the 
country of the Iberians (Spain) as full of metals, gold 
and silver, copper, and iron. He further tells of mining 
gold by digging for it in the usual way, and also by 
washing for it (hydraulic mining). This he wrote ap- 
proximately 60 B.C. Phny the elder was killed in A.D. 
77 when Vesuvius erupted. He had written 37 books of 
natural histoi-y; in his 33rd he accurately describes the 
occurrence of placer gold in stream beds, including the 
finding of nuggets. In addition he describes hydraulic 
mining that would put recent operations to shame; he 
claims a river was brought from a distance and from 
the heights, with enough fall to wash away whole moun- 
tain sides, leaving the gold in sluice baffles. Most sur- 
prising of all, Pliny describes in some detail the use of 
mercury to capture the gold from the ore by amalgama- 
tion. This method is definitely used today by such large 
and efficient operations as that of the Homestake Gold 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren EvangelU 

Mine in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Pliny mentions 
gold as the only metal unharmed by fire, in fact he said 
each time it went through a fire it came out better or 
more refined than before. 

Gold is named very early in the Bible (Genesis 2:11, 
12). We are told that in the land of Havilah, in the vi- 
cinity of the Garden of Eden, there was gold and further 
that the gold was good. 

Gold is also mentioned at the very end of the Bible in 
Revelation 21:15, 18, 21. Here the most precious of met- 
als is envisioned as constituting the Holy City and its 

streets, gold transparent as glass. The reed used I 
measure the city was a golden reed. ^ 

In chapter 37 of Exodus, gold is mentioned twent 
times, and many items are described as being made ti 
the skilled craftsmen Bezaleel of the tribe of Judah. 

When the writer of Job in chapter 28 raises the quq 
tion of where wisdom should be found^ he points out tW 
wisdom is so priceless that gold, silver and precioi 
stones could not buy it. Wisdom is the ability to use onn 
knowledge correctly. 

(study to be continued in May) 


by Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 

People who met the Master 


THE OBJECT OF THIS STUDY is not merely to 
cover the material presented. Throughout the study 
the leader should be very sensitive to any questions or 
thoughts that the members of the group might raise. 
Give these primary attention if they arise. Be sure that 
there is an atmosphere which lends itself to the asking 
of questions and the promotion of discussion. 

Aim of the study: 

This study shows that we should be searching for 
truth as Nicodemus was, and that we should be willing to 
stand for the truth we find. It also reveals to us that 
Christ issues the greatest challenge that we will ever 
meet in our lives. 

For Discussion: 

1. Nicodemus was a 

and a member 

of the religious sect called 

2. Instead of coming to Jesus during the day Nico- 
demus came at (3:2). 

3. Why did Nicodemus come to Jesus at night? (To 
avoid being seen by other Jews and to have time 
to speak with Jesus on his own). 

4. Nicodemus said Jesus must have come from God 
because (3:2). 

5. Discuss how^ just as the actions of Jesus showed 
Nicodemus something, our actions speak louder 
than our words. 

6. Jesus told Nicodemus that in order for him to see 

the kingdom of God he must be 


7. Discuss what our response involves in connection 
with God's plan of salvation that is mentioned in 
verse 3. 





Jesus said that each man must be born of 

and the (3:5). 

The leader should point out that when we oome 
Christ we should want to be baptized in water : 
order to symbolize the putting on of the "n:| 
man," but we should also realize that the H< | 
Spirit must come upon us so that we might grj| 
as new Christians. •>! 

In verse 9 Jesus identifies our lives as guided by U> 
Holy Spirit with the . 

Discuss the characteristics of wind and then sh^'i 
how the wind is the same as the Holy Spirit wl i 
we let Him guide our lives. 

12. At this point you could enter into a discussion 
the work of the Holy Spirit in our lives today. 

In verse 14 and 15 Jesus brings in the example : 

Moses lifting up the in 

. Take some time to look at Ni 

bers 21:8 and 9 to understand the story. 

Point out that God gave the people a remedy 
the dangei-ous serpents and it involved their fa/i 
He also did this for us; He gave us a remedy if 
our sins and it involves our faith. 

For Additional Discussion: 

Discuss the idea of a challenge for your life with t 
gard to: 

1. becoming a Christian 

2. living a consistent Christian life 

3. entering the full-time Christian ministry 


larch 1«, 1968 

Page Thirteen 


Revelation 8:1-13 



A S WE NOTED in our last message, chapter seven 

j\ serves as a parenthesis between the description of 

ne events malting ujj the opening of the first six seals 

phapter 6) and the events which follow the opening of 

pe seventh seal (chapters 8 through 19). The first four 

als picture for us the natural consequence of sin upon 

an — resulting in tyranny, warfare, famine, pestilence 

d death. Such consequences began way back in the 

me of Cain and Abel and shall continue until God 

rrites a finish to all history as we now know it. The 

Ifth seal presents us with a picture of the tribulation 

artyred saints as they wait the ultimate vindication of 

eir earthly persecution and death. The sixth seal serves 

reveal some of the terrible judgments of God to be 

(sited upon this earth during the final period of history 

boken of as "the great tribulation" (Matt. 24:21; Rev. 


j Chapter 7 outlines briefly the events that are to im- 
iiediately take place following the translation of the 
lints — and preceding the actual outpouring of God's 
■ibulation-judgments. These events will include the call- 
ig "ut and sealing of a select remnant of Jews from the 
\el\c tribes of Israel (spoken of as the 144,000) and 
loir subsequent evangelizing of the Gentiles and the 
in\erting of an innumerable number of the same. Chap- 
•r seven closes with another picture of the eternal bless- 
igs which await all the redeemed from "all nations, and 
indreds, and people^ and tongues" (7:9). 
Beginning with chapter eight, we come back to the 
loning of the seals which are pictured in chapter 5, 
s sealing God's book (symbolizing His title-deed to all 
eation and containing all the hidden mysteries of His 
Icrnal plan and purposes for the same). The One Who 
pictured as opening each of these seals is the "Lamb 
' God" (the Lord Jesus Christ) Who alone can reveal 
nd fulfill these hidden mysteries of God's redem,ptive 
The seventh seal deals with those events which shall 
>me upon this earth immediately before the Second 
'>ming of Christ (i.e., His Revelation) and shall be fol- 
iwed by the period spoken of as the Millennium (Rev. 
):4-6). This seventh seal gives us a panoramic view 
E the entire seven-year tribulation period (Daniel's 

seventieth week), but especially draws attention to those 
events making up the closing days of that period, de- 
scribed in terms of the seven trumpet and the seven 
vial-judgments. Walvoord quotes C. A. Blanchard as ex- 
plaining the inter-relation of these symbols in the follow- 
ing manner: "It is interesting to note that the series of 
three sevens are really included in one series of seven, 
that is, the seven trumpets are included under the sev- 
enth seal and the seven bowls are included under the 
seventh trumpet, so that we have in fact a single series 
in three movements — the first six seals opened, then 
the seventli seal which includes the seven trumpets blown, 
and then the last trumpet sounding, introducing the sev- 
en bowls and concluding the opening of the seven seals" 
(The Revelation of Jesus Christ, p. 151). In chapter 8, 
we will deal only with the first four of the trumpet- 
judgments, which — as we have noted above, are part 
of this seventh seal and its opening. 
The opening of the seventh seal (1, 2). 

John tells us that when the Lamb opened the seventh 
seal, "there was silence in hea\'en about the space of 
half an hour." This could be a symbolic presentation 
of the same truth suggested in 7:1-3, which implies that 
between the rapture of the Church and the actual out- 
pouring of the tribulation judgments, there will be a 
short period of relative quiet and peace (during which 
God will call out the 144,000). This symbolism may also 
serve to suggest that the events about to be described 
are so horrible and cataclysmic that even heaven with 
all of its vast host of angels and redeemed saints are 
stunned unto silence. Several expositors, however, see in 
this picture an allusion to the old Jewish custom of keep- 
ing silence between the time of the sacrifice offering 
and the incense offering in the daily ministration of the 
jjriests in the temple. This would connect verse 1 with 
verses 3 and 4 (dealing with the prayers of the saints 
as mixed with incense and offered before the throne). 

Verses 2 and 6 both mention seven angels with seven 
trumpets which seem to serve as announcing the im- 
minent intervention of God in the affairs of men and 
nations in the form of judgment and doom. The angels 
appear to be His administering servants, the number 
"seven" probably symbolizes the completion and per- 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evangells 

fection of their part in God's eternal plan for judgment, 
and the trumpets serve to summon to attention and to 
announce the events about to be unfolded. Throughout 
all of Revelation, one note keeps sounding forth as clear 
as the blast from a trumpet — God has a plan and pur- 
pose for all history, and such will come to fulfillment. 
The part that the angels in heaven shall play in the 
fulfillment of that plan, in these end-time judgments, 
can only be speculated upon. However, there seems to 
be little doubt that God will have their help in this min- 
istration from His hand, even as He does in the ministra- 
tion of salvation (of. Ps. 103:20; Heb. 1:14, etc.). 
The angel before the altar of incense (3-5). 

Verse 3 begins with the mention of another angel who 
stands before the altar. Here, again, heaven is pictured 
in terms of the earthly tabernacle or temple. However, 
the center of attraction is not the altar of sacrifice (as 
in 6:9) but, rather, the altar of incense which here is 
pictured as before the throne (alluding to the altar of 
incense in the earthly temple which was placed just be- 
fore the curtain, behind which was the ark of the coven- 

Some expositors feel the angel here described is the 
angel Michael (whom the Jews believed continually 
prayed for them), while others would see here another 
allusion to the Old Testament symbol of Christ as the 
"Angel of Yahweh." Thus, this angel could represent 
our Lord Jesus Christ Who is our eternal High Priest 
before the throne of grace — or, His Holy Spirit (cf. 
Rom. 8:26, 27; Heb. 4:14, 15; etc.). The picture here 
is that of the angel offering incense mingled with the 
prayers of all the saints (probably the tribulation saints). 
If this angel is Christ or His Holy Spirit, then this is a 
beautiful picture of Christ and/or His Holy Spirit shar- 
ing with the tribulation saints in all of their sufferings 
and sorrows, and even death. It is also a promise that 
their prayers for vindication of God's justice and equity 
shall be heard and answered (symbolized in the smoke 
ascending up before CJod — cf. Heb. 4:16). 

There is an eye that never sleeps 

Beneath the wing of night; 
There is an ear that never shuts 

When sink the beams of light. 

There is an arm that never tires 
When human strength gives way; 

There is a love that never fails 
When earthly loves decay. 

That eye is fixed on seraph throngs; 

That arm upholds the sky; 
That ear is filled with angel songs; 

That love is throned on high. 

But there's a power which man can wield, 

When mortal aid is vsiin. 
That eye, that ear, that love to reach, 

That listening ear to gain. 

That power is Prayer, which soars on high, 

Through Josus, to the throne; 
And moves the hand which moves the world. 

To bring salvation down! 

(quoted by J. A. Selss, The Apocalyi)se, p. 187) 

Verse 5 pictures the angel as taking the censer (whi 
had contained the prayers of the saints) "and filled i1 
with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth." Thi| 
seems to suggest that Ckxl heard the prayers of thq 
martyred saints and now the answer to such prayera 
comes in the form of "voices, and thunderings, and light) 
nings, and an earthquake (i.e., tribulation-judgments), 
The first four trumpet-judgments (6-12) 

There was a day when to interpret the events describe 
ed under these trumpet and vial-judgments as figurative 
language (perhaps symbolizing great political unrest anc 
upheaval ) made one very popular. However, in the ligh'l 
of modern weaponry and scientific warfare, there an: 
many who see these trumpet and vial-judgments as moni 
literal representations of what actually might be visitec 
upon mankind in that terrible day of God's tribulation] 

Verse 7 mentions the outpouring of hail and fire min; 
gled with blood. This could be descriptive of a terribl* 
electrical storm with all of its terrifying possibilities:, 
Such could come by, either God's use of natural means 
or perhaps, by man-induced atomic and hydrogen war 
fare. The mention of the fire being mingled with bloo( 
suggests the terrible death-producing effects of such i 
judgment upon man and beast. This judgment, how 
ever, seems directed especially at the vegetation of earth 
for, verse 7 declares that "the third part of trees wa: 
burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up." Anyoni 
who has seen films of an atomic fire-storm (as has thi, 
author) cannot help but see the possibility of this beinj 
a literal description of the kind of judgment God vvil 
send upon sinful man through this first trumpet-judg 

Verses 8 and 9 speak of the second trumpet-judgmen 
in terms of "a great mountain burning with fire (ani 
being) cast into the sea." This could imply some grea 
\'olcanic eruption, again, through natural means or indu< 
ed by man through atomic and hydrogen blast. Verse 
tells us that the force of such a condition as here dt 
scribed will turn a third part of the sea into blood an' 
destroy a third part of all marine life and a third of al 
the ships of the sea. ' 

Verse 10 and 11 mention a great star as falling fror 
lieaven, "burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon th 
third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters 
And the name of the star is called Wormwood." Thi 
may suggest that our Ciod, "Who holds all things i 
check — against that day" — may open His hand an 
allow all the universe to take part in His judgmer 
upon mankind for his rebellion and sin. Perhaps H 
will use stars or meteors, or even something else, e 
pecially prepared for just such a time. But, again, thei 
is every reason for us to believe that this, too, could I 
a man-induced judgment through sateHite warfare wil 
its terrible possibilities for suffering and death. Johj 
tells us, in verse 11, that this star is called "Wormwood, 
which implies that its judgment will be in the form > 
bitter or poisonous charactaristics which will cause man 
to die of the contamination of the water systems of ti 
world ("because they were made bitter"). 

Verse 12 sjjeaks of the fourth judgment of the tnii 
pets in terms of 1/3 of the solar system as being blacki 
out, and thus, bringing further judgment upon man 
the form of darkness and cold. It is impiossible for i 
to be dogmatic as to just what all God intends to \i.< 
upon man by this symbolism (as also the symbolisii 

Iar<h J6, 1968 

I'age Fifteen 

eferring to the first three trumpet-judgments). Suffice 
; to say, it will be a far happier experience to be pre- 
ared for the translation of the saints, than to find our- 
?lves unprepared and, thus, left to find out just what 
II these judgments will mean — to us personally! 
n conclusion 

Verse 13 closes this chapter by picturing an eagle 
not "angel" as in the KJV) "flying through the midst 
f heaven, saying with a loud voice. Woe, woe, woe 

. . ." This may be understood in at least two ways, 
'erhaps this eagle is meant to convey that this message 
f God's coming judgment demands the most utmost 
rgency — both as to our hearing and to our proclaim- 
ig. Even as the eagle is a bird which flies swiftly in 
ne carrying out of his purposes, so, God's messengers 
lUSt ever be engaged in urgently sounding forth the 
•arning of coming judgments and doom. Such messen- 
ers have never been popular (consider the prophets of 
Id, John the Baptist, Christ, the Apostles, etc.) but 
(lis has nothing to do with the importance of their 
lessage or the need for urgency in its declaration. 

Tliis word "eagle" can also mean "vulture," however, 
]id it is possible that John here uses this symbolism as 
nother picture of the terrible destruction and death that 
•ill accompany the outpouring of these tribulation-judg- 
lents. In our study of the last three of these trumpet- 

woes, we will see that they become even more intense 
in severity and consequence, than the ones already stu- 
died here. It seems most possible that verse 13 is meant 
to wake man up before there is no further possibility of 
escape: "Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth 
by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three 
angels, which are yet to sound!" 

Whatever may be our own personal interpretation of 
these many imageries, the message they seek to convey 
does demand our most serious attention and concern — 
and our most urgent proclamation. God will have the 
last word — right will ultimately triumph over all wrong! 
Only those identified with God and His Lamb will be able 
to hide from the terrors of eternal judgment and dam- 
nation which can be only faintly suggested — even by 
these most horrible of tribulation judgments. "And to 
you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus 
shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels. 
In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not 
God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus 
Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruc- 
tion from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory 
of His power" (II Thess. 1:7-9). 

May God help us to flee to Christ while we still have 
time — and find in Him our eternal refuge from all the 
coming storm! 

vening Walks with Jesus 


Text: Luke 5:1-11 and Mark 1:16-20 

Part VII 



ly/HEN JESUS RETURNED from Judea, through 
W Samaria, to Galilee, six disciples had been with 
[im. They may have left Him at Cana and returned to 
leii- homes and occupations, for they are not mentioned 
s being in His company when He was rejected in the 
Miagogue in Nazareth. Following this experience in 
■ azareth, Jesus returned to Capernaum where He moved 
is family and established His headquarters. 
Capernaum was a notable city of sufficient size to 
iways be referred to as a "city." Some think its pop- 
la t ion to have been at least 15,000. It had its own 
jnogogue, its own detachment of Roman soldiers, a 

custom's house, and an official reprcsentati\e of Herod 
Antipas the king. Jesus was brought up in Nazareth, 
iiut Capernaum could emphatically be called "His own 
city." Capernaum was located on the western shore of 
the Sea of Galilee. 

I am told that the Sea of Galilee is a most beautiful 
sea. In Jesus' day it was an important center of in- 
dustry and trade. Luke refers to it as the Lake of Gen- 
nesaret. It is also called the Sea of Tiberias and Sea 
of Chinnereth in the Bible. It was some 12 - 13 miles 
in length and some 6 - 8 miles wide. Its waters ranged 
in depth from 80' to 160'. It is situated 681 feet below 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangelists 

sea level. The Jordan River descends rapidly from the 
hills surrounding Mt. Hermon and for the last 25 miles 
before it enters the north end of the Sea of Galilee, it 
falls at the rate of 60 feet per mile. The waters of the 
Sea are a beautiful blue and, due to the low altitude, 
they are warmer than most similiar bodies of water, be- 
ing about 69 degrees on the surface and 59 degrees at 65 
feet and below. Its waters teem with fish of many var- 
ieties and fishing is one of the principle industries of the 
area. Bethsaida (house of fish) is located at its NE. end 
and Tarichoea (to cure for purpose of preservation) is 
at its southern end. The Sea of Galilee is located in a 
volcanic region. The mountains on the north and east 
are full of lava formations and basalt rock. In the days 
of Jesus, some nine important cities with populations not 
less than 15,000 were located on its shores. George Adam 
Smith says concerning the industry: "They were agricul- 
ture, fruit growing, tanning dying, boat building, fishing 
and fish curing." The Sea of Galilee was the scene of 
many of the most remarkable events recorded in the 
Gospels. The stilling of the storm, the feeding of the 
5,000; in fact, 18 out of the 33 miracles of Jesus were 
performed in the immediate area surrounding this inland 

One day Jesus went for a walk by the sea. As He 
walked, He came upon Peter and Andrew, James and 
John cleaning and mending their nets following an un- 
successful night's fishing. They were His friends. No 
doubt He had set out with the intention of seeing and 
talking with them. As He stood there on the shore, a 
great crowd gathered (for His popularity had spread 
throughout all Galilee). They pressed upon Him and 
probably would have, by their zeal to get near Him, have 
pushed Him into the sea. But He stepped into one of 
the boats and asked Peter to push out a little into the 
sea, and He sat down in the boat and taught the people. 
It may seem strange that we have no indication of what 
He taught them on this occasion, but Luke presses on to 
tell about the miracle and the call to discipleship issued 
to these four fishermen. 

Jesus said to Simon (after He had finished teaching) : 
"Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for 
a draught." Simon protested because he said they had 
fished all night and caught nothing, but he adds: "never- 
theless at thy word I will let down the net." When they 
had done as Jesus commanded^ they inclosed a great 
multitude of fishes; and their net brake. Now I think 
the miracle is closely related to the call of the fisher- 
men. It served to illustrate how through faith and 
obedience they would be empowered to "catch" men if 
they responded favorably to the call He was about to 

Matthew and Mark recorded in more detail the ac- 
count of the call given to these men. "Now as He walk- 
ed by the sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew his 
brother casting a net into the sea; for they were fishers. 
And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I 
will make you to become fishers of men. And straight- 
way they forsook their nets, and followed Him. And 
when He had gone a little further thence. He saw James 
the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were 
in the ship mending their nets. And straightway He 
called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the 
ship with the hired ser\'ants and went after Him" (Mark 

Now these men were not stupid, ignorant, lower classf 
men as some have tried to picture them. Some meni 
have taken the verse found in Acts 4:13 and tried toi 
paint these fishermen as dolts. I think this is far from I 
the truth. The Greek word Agramniatoi (translated un-] 
learned) simply means "unlettered" as opposed to Gram-i 
mateus, a Biblical scholar — a teacher of the law. It': 
simply meant that the men making the appraisal, who< 
themselves were highly educated, professional men_ rec-s 
ognized that these men had not graduated from thei 
higher schools of learning. They were not Ph.D.'s. Theij 
Greek word Idiotas (translated "ignorant") literallyj 
means "a private person as opposed to a public officisd.J 
Or one without professional knowledge. I think we must( 
recognize who it was that used these terms and undei>< 
stand the meaning of the Greek in this case. These men 
simply recognized that Peter and John had not been ' 
trained in the formal schools of the Rabbis; nor did 
they hold any official positions in the religious or govern-' 
mental circles. These men were prosperous business; 
men. They had formed a partnership — they had the 
latest equipment — the special training. They were 
experts in their own field. There business was so good 
that they had hired hands to help them. Besides this, 
if we consider their achievements in later life, we must 
reject the idea that they were dolts or stupid persons. 
John wrote the Gospel which bears his name, plus 
three epistles and the book of Revelation. Peter also 
wrote two epistles. John became a teacher of men like 
Polycarp, Ignatius, and Papias. How could illiterate, 
ignorant persons have accomplished all these things? 
Nor were these men destitute of religious background or 
spiritual sensitivity. John and Andrew had been down to 
the revival in Judea where John the Baptist was preach- 
ing. How many Christians today would travel 60 to 70 1 
miles to hear the Word of Ck)d? Apparently Peter had I 
gone down with them also. After his meeting with Jesus, ! 
Andrew went and got Peter and brought him to Jesus.' 
It is possible that James was also in their company at 
that time. These men believed in the Scriptures. They, 
looked for the promised Messiah. They were spiritually 
sensitive. They probably knew the Scriptures better [j 
than most Christians today! i 

Jesus called these men to follow Him. This is the call ( 
to discipleship. They had perviously answered the call 
to become believers. They had already declared theii 
belief in Jesus and had made a personal committment tc 
Him. They had accepted Him as the Messiah — the 
Anointed of God! This must always preceed a call tc. 
discipleship. Jesus never calls anyone into His service 
who is not committed to Him. Some may imagine such 
a call, but Jesus can't use anyone who doesn't believe- 
in Him as the Son of God and accept Him as their per 
sonal Savior! Jesus said: "Follow Me." He makes loy i 
alty to his own Person the basis for this call. Latei 
these disciples were to receive a third call — a call t< 
apostleship. A disciple is a learner; and apostle is t 
"sent one." They were called to follow Jesus that He 
might teach them to become fishers of men. Followinf 
a time of special training and service. He sent them ou'i 
as apostles. "Straightway they left their nets, and follow 
ed Him." Their faith in Jesus was such that, regardless 
of the cost, when He called, they immediately left all b 
follow Him! 

Jesus calls all believers to discipleship! He calls usal)^ 
to become fishers of men! We are saved to serve! Jesus- i1 

[arch 16, 1968 

Page Seventeen 

tpects us to share with others the good news we have 
)me to know. Not all are sent out as apostles, but all 
lould be soul-winners! 

Again, I believe we have a witness to the Divinity of 
5SUS in this story. His power over the creatures of 

creation is demonstrated in the miraculous draught of 
fishes, caught at the wrong time of day, in the wrong 
place, after experienced fishermen had spent an entire 
night in unsuccessful efforts to make a haul. Who but 
the Divine Son of God could possess such power! 


:om left to right: Mrs. Raymond Aspinall, Rev. Ray- 
ond Aspinall, Mr. Charles Berkshire and Mrs. Charles 


rE ANNUAL Seminary Sweetheart Banquet for sem- 
inary students, faculty, and their sweethearts was 
lid at the Emmanuel EUB Church in Ashland, on Feb- 
ary 16, 1968. Master of ceremonies, Charles Berk- 
ire, welcomed those present, and introduced a trio of 
'm. Wives — Roberta Gilmer, Miriam Eberly and Ruth 
>ber — who sang for us. 

After a delicious meal, we enjoyed a violin solo by 
laron Fields, and a vocal duet by Stephen and Connie 
hoxel. Our speaker, Rev. Ray Aspinall^ shared with us 
me of the language difficulties one might encounter 

a foreigner in Argentina. The food and fellowship 
IS enjoyed by sixty-four persons. Many then went to 
e Seminary to enjoy parlor games and light refresh- 

IThe Sem. Wives organization has a membership list of 
•■ty-nine students and faculty wives for the 67-68 year, 
jth an average attendance of twenty. 
in September, we held our annual Fall Fellowship at 
Je Park Street Brethren Church, with fifty-seven en- 
Ving the carry-in dinner and fellowship around the 

bur programs this year have included a talk by Dr. 
Ibert Ronk on "What is Expected of a Minister's Wife?" 
d a book review of "Rebels With a Cause," by Frank 

Mead done by Mrs. Edwin Boardman. We learned 
3ut Argentine Christmas customs and mission work in 
gentina when Marilyn Aspinall spent an evening with 

During our March meeting, Mrs. Sylvia Zimmer, guid- 
ance counselor at Ashland Jr. High School, and former 
missionary to China, will give us some tips on counseling. 
We will also make communion bread using recipes from 
several of the churches in the denomination. 

This year we have taken the project of helping with 
a book jacket file at the Seminary Library. We also write 
to one of our missionaries' wives during each of our reg- 
ular meetings. 

Sharon Winter 

A view of one table of guests attending the banquet. 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Kvangelisi|j 





TEACHERS and leaders of the First Brethren Church 
of Waterloo and Cedar Falls, Iowa, recently com- 
pleted a five-day teacher-training course held at the 
Waterloo Church. The course, "Teaching for Results," 
was well attended, having an average of nineteen per- 
sons for each session. 

It is apparent to the author, who was privileged to 
teach the class^ that great things may be expected from 
these energetic and alert scholars. Despite the concen- 
tration and hard work required, seventeen persons com- 
pleted the course requirements and have been awarded 
certificates of recognition by the Board of Christian 
Education of The Brethren Church. 

During the course of the five days spent in the Water- 
loo area, it was possible to learn much about the educa- 
tional programs of both churches. Waterloo, under the 
guidance of Rev. James Black and supei-intendent, Mrs. 
Helen Jordan, has experienced a steadily increasing 

church school attendance with a number of classes cor 
slstently having perfect attendance. 

The facilities have been completely remodeled and ar 
attractively decorated and well equipped. The class 
rooms are beautifully carpeted and painted in paste 
colors. In addition to such equipment as filmstrip pw 
joctors, 16mm projector, screens, sound equipment, etc 
the church has two tape recorders which are regular! 
employed to take the worship service to those who ar 
shut in. 

At the present time, the church school is closel 
graded from the nursery through the high school. Th 
adults have several choices this quarter. The first clas: 
taught by Rev. Blacky is a study of Biblical doctrim 

Rev. James Black teaching a Doctrine class 

Left to right: 

Front Row: Rev. J. Black, Lyn Peck. L. I 
RuLon, Henry Reltz, Kathry 
Lichty, Helen Jordan, Eth» 

Bock Row: George Bunn, Rev. G. Hollinc 
er, Lucille Lamb, Marlys Pri« 
be, Gwen Boldt, Mary Jan 
Shafer, Jo Ann Coleman, Ba 
bara Grieve, Leiia RuLon, Do 

Absent: Erma Lamb 

Vlarch 16, 1968 

I'lige Nineteen 

Each student is supplied vvitli a \\orl<bool<, listing sug- 
gested readings on selected topics, discussion questions, 
ppace for answers and notes. This quarter many substi- 
tute teachers are teaching while the regular teachers 
ake advantage of this well organized course. 

A second course, using the Brethren Adult Quarterly, 
s also in. progress under the direction of Mr. Edgar 
fVassam.";" Abe Glessner teaches the third class, which 
s a Survey of the Bible. 

1 The Cedar Falls Church, represented at the teacher- 
raining course by Rev. Gene Hollinger, Mrs. John Grieve 
■ind Mr. and Mrs. Don Coleman, is also moving forward, 
lecent attendance has been averaging about twenty 
•ach Sunday morning. 

With the city growing in their direction, all have high 
i(;pes for this new church. Rev. Hollinger is confident 
hat this new work will continue to expand. His work- 
rs are willing, the field is developing, and the Spirit is 
L-ading. We can expect to hear plenty of good work 
rom Hawkeye land! 


Listed here are four books recommended for your 
■ading and for inclusion in your church library. 

1. Donze, Sara Lee, The Robin and The Thorn. Min- 

neapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1964. 32 
pages. $1.95. 

This beautiful Easter story is based on an old 
legend — how the robin's breast became red. The 
events of Holy Week are related from the view- 
point of a little bird that follows Jesus through 
the events of the Passion. 

The author skillfully combines fantasy with the 
Passion narrative, making a story that will de- 
light children while at the same time teaching 
them the meaning of Easter. 

2. Martin, Sylvia Parsons. Ride On! Ride On! Min- 

neapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1968. 27 
pages. $1.95 

This delightful Easter season story tells of Jairus 
and his most prized possession, a small brown 
donkey named Shimri. Each day Jairus would 
feed and take care of his little colt. And each 
day he would beg his father for permission to ride 
him. His father would always tell him the same 

thing, "No, Jairus, no one can ride upon Shimri 
until he is broken. We will break him when the 
time is right." Then one day two strangers took 
Shimri away saying, "The Lord has need of him." 

How the Lord used Shimri and how Jairus rode his 
colt for the first time will delight young readers. 

3. Olson, Arnold, Inside Jerusalem — City of Destiny. 

Glendale: Regal Books-Gospel Light Publications, 
1968. 95c 

This account of the June, 1967 Israeli/Arab War 
is written by a man who has spent much time in 
the Holy Land and was there only days before 
the conflict began. He reveals current attitudes 
of Israel and those nations around her, shows the 
results of this six-day war and applies Scripture 
to many phases of the subject. 

4. Narramore. Clyde S., How to Succeed in Family 

Living. Glendale: Regal Books-Gospel Light 
Publications, 1968. 95c 

This new paperback on family living should be in 
every church library, used for personal reading and 
in courses deahng with this vital subject. It is 
also the new adult VBS course. 

The books listed above may be ordered from: Breth- 
ren Publishing Company, 524 College Avenue, Ashland, 
Ohio 44805. 



the Great Keystone State 

The Mulvano BYC'ers in the Jr. High and Sr. High 
gn>ups (ccmbined) have been quite active this year. 

We ha\e had a Christmas Caix>ling party, a New Year's 
Eve Watch Night party, a Bowling party, started a youth 
choir and have had regular Sunday night meetings. 

We made a New Year's resolution to invite as many 
kids as possible to the February 4th Youth for Christ 
rally in Wichita, which was featuring Bobby Richardson 
that night. 

Our average attendance each Sunday night is 10. 

Our hope is to grow into a larger, soul-winning group. 
— Debbie Barber, secretary 

the Great Mid-West 

January 16th — The youth groups from Pleasant 
View Brethren Church went skating with the BYC from 
Brush Valley. Fifty-four youth were in attendance as we 
enjoyed a good time together. 

Page Twenty 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the Great Southwest! 

' I 'rfIS summer and fall have been busy ones for our 
1 Senior BYC. First of all, in July, came our summer 
camp. During the Junior week five Seniors stayed to 
help out as Junior counselors, tribe leaders^ newspaper 
editors, etc. It was a real e.xperience for all of us in 
the Lord's work. Valuable lessons in Christian leader- 
ship were gained, which are unobtainable in any other 

During the summer, before and after camp, our Senior 
BYC edited a church newspaper. This provided more 
fellowship over the long stretch of summer, and ga\-e 
us a chance to see how much we had grown in the Lord. 
Also in writing the articles, it brought back many happy 
memories of ]iast years at camp and of doing things to- 
gether. The newspaper served as a testimony to our 
church as to what the youth are doing, and all the fun 
they miss if they don't go to camp. We hope to print 
other editions of "The Catcus Sticker" as soon as we 
got enough news and time. 

At the close of summer, we did a very interesting 
project; it was called "Sharing Christ." We learned 
to share our faith with others, and took several trips to 
local parks for personal experience. We had one first 
time confession, which was really a thrill. In March we 
will be concentrating our programs on teen-age evan- 
gelism and how to share our faith even more freely 
with our friends. 

In the fall we elected new officers as follows: 

President Gwen Stogsdill 

V. President Sheri Hite 

Secretary Marcia McKinney 

Treasurer Scott McKinney 

Around Halloween time, we decided to throw a party 
for the Junior Youth and smaller children. It was a big 
success, with a haunted house and apple bobbing. Jill 
Carson wrote a skit for the devotions. Since the kids 
enjoyed it so much we will probably give another one 
next year. m 

Our Thanksgiving dinner this year was one to give 
thanks to God for. It is an annual money raising proj- 
ect for our youth and usually has a big turn-out. This 
year we wanted to do it a bit different, and had to rely 
on the Lord for the outcome. We planned for 120-14C 
people but 176 showed up. Even then the Lord was 
with us and the food came out exactly right. Our guests 
seemed even more hungry for their spiritual food, bei 
cause almost all of them stayed for our program after 
wards. We are very grateful for all who helped, especi^ 
ally our prayer partners. j 

Christmas was merry as we caroled with the JunioJi 
Youth, followed by a party and a time of fellowship. Ai^ 
usual we presented our Christmas Eve candle lighting' 
service. To add to the sacredness of the program, two 
people were baptized just prior to the service. This yea> 
we gave a pantomime called, "Mr. Jones Goes to Bethi 
lehem." The play was about a brusque business man whi 
finds humbleness and love through the Christmas Stoiy 

We have not been as busy this quarter, but with th 
Lord's help we'll have an even more exciting year. W' 
are seeking the Lord's guidance so we can serve Him t 
the best of our abilities. | 

— Marcia McKinney j 

Reporting In! 

Quizzers Hard at Study 

t ^ I iiiiiiiiiiiiiMff 
Conducting the BYC Meeting 

March i6, 1968 

Page Twenty-one 

It is about that time again — to tiear from tlie Papago 
Parl< Bretiiren BYC — that is, concerning our activi- 
ties — what we have been doing lately, etc. Well, we 
have been busy as only young people can be. 

First, we had our Winter Retreat in November. In 
December we gave a three-act play entitled "To All 
People." The message was very good and was well re- 
ceived by the large crowd attending the play. 

At the present time we are really concentrating on the 
Bible Quiz. This has become a real learning process for 
us and we look forward to it each year. The picture 
abo\-o shows part of our group hard at work studying 
the questions. Have you ever tried to pronounce Kirjath- 

However, we do not allow the Bible Quiz to take the 
place of our regular devotional program. These pro- 
grams are set up three months at a time, so we know 
in plenty of time to be well prepared. The picture below 
shows one of our group conducting the meeting. We 
have gotten into some very worthwhile discussions at 
these sessions. 

The first Sunday of the month our pastor is talking 
to us concerning the various cults and religions. The 
idea is to acquaint us with what they believe and make 
us better able to be a strong witness for Jesus Christ. 

In February we had a Valentine party at our presi- 

dent's home. It was a come-as-you-are party. We had 
some pretty odd outfits, (but rumor has it that our 
pastor, who is also our co-sponsor, sort of chickened 

We are looking forward to Arizona State Conference 
which will be held at Casa Granda, April 19-21. 

We are also looking forward to our annual Formal 
Senior Banquet in May. This is when we give special 
honor to our high school seniors. 

In checking over our goals, we have already made or 
are up-to-date and working hard on nine of the eleven 
goals. We plan to be an Honor Society again this year. 
We do this not only to be an Honor Society but we feel 
through out efforts to meet these goals we will grow 

We are working toward our share of the National 
Project. We are a younger group this year than last 
year (having lost several of our members through mar- 
riage and to college, etc.). We do not have the jobs or 
the incomes but we feel that faithful tithing will be a 
big help in reaching our goal and we know assuredly 
that we will learn a good lesson. 

So you see we are busy as usual this year and we 
pray with Christ's help we will meet all of our goals 
but most of all that our lives will glorify His name. 
— Connie Tschumy, secretary 

Ecological Disequilibrium — a challenge for the Church 


by NORMAN B. ROHRER. Director 

Evangelical Press News Service 

GOD TOLD ADAM to replenish the earth but man is 
rapidly overflowing it, casting more and more peo- 
ple under the shadow of starvation and the spectre of 

Consequently, the church is faced with an opportunity 
to act in the face of a worsening world situation. Daring 
and massive efforts must be exerted at once toward the 
lowering of birth rates. But will the people or God ac- 
]cept the moral challenge? Or was Reinhold Niebuhr 
Icorrect in concluding that religion "is more fruitful of 
philanthropy than of social justice," more concerned with 
remedial than preventative measures? 

Max Frankel in the New York Time Book Review sug- 
gested two years ago that "what we are beginning to 
sense ... is tragedy: the inexorable yet continually sur- 
prising march of incidents, evoking almost predictable 
responses, driving the drama along." 

It is high time, says Professor Charles G. Chakerian of 
McCormick Theological Seminary in Chicago, that con- 
ception control policies be taken out of political and re- 
ligious controversy. He sees the population crisis as an 
"opportunity for constructive ethical response" on the 
part both of the masses and leaders of society. 

The Rev. Arthur McCormack of the Mill Hill Fathers 

was quoted in the National Council of Churches' Informa- 
tion Service bulletin as saying that "the solution of the 
population explosion must come from a more responsible 
attitude to the sacred privilege of passing on new life 
... It is completely naive in the new circumstances of 
lessened mortality rates to expect nature unaided to re- 
dress the balance." 

A new book has appeared which speaks for the evan- 
gelical. Dr. Sherwood E. Wirt, editor of Decision, says 
in The Social Conscience of the Evangelical: "What is 
important for the record is that many . . . are dissatisfied 
with what has been done and left undone in their rela- 
tions with society, and they intend to spend the rest of 
the twentieth century amending and balancing the ac- 

Here is our opportunity to examine the values re- 
lated to the sacredness of life and the love ideal in the 
Gospel. A lot of the problem of inequality would be 
instantly remedied if we would heed Deuteronomy 15:7- 
11 which Evangelist Billy Graham read when he testi- 
fied before a Congressional hearing on antipoverty legis- 
lation last June. The passage ends thus: "You shall 
open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and 
to the poor, in the land." 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelisbfi 






Mr. George Kerliii, Treasurer 
Peace and World Relief ComTnission 
Rt. 4, Box 227 
Goshen, Indiana 

Dear Mr. Kerlin: 

Greetings in Jesus' name! 

How grateful we are for your continuing inter- 
est and financial aid. The crisis in Vietnam not 
only accelerated the problems but also the crying 
need to help the many thousands of homeless 

You will be pleased to know that your gifts 
will help us to give both spiritual and physical 
aid to more than 50,000 Vietnamese each month 
this year. I am sure you can see that the number 
who will still be needing help may be multiplied 
by many, many thousands. 

Our report for 1967 indicates that services ren- 
dered and food and clothing delivered was in 

excess of 15,000,800 pounds with a value of^l 
$1,600,000. The total number of men, women, ! 
and children helped in so many ways during 1967 I 
exceeded 3,600,000. This represents several coun- , 
tries where we are privileged to serve in His | 

We are grateful for all you have done through 
prayer and participation. With kindest Christian 

Yours in the JOY of His service, 

Everett S. Graffam 
Executive Vice President 
World Relief Commission, Inc. 

Special Notice to: 



Please send all contributions for World 
Relief to: 

Mr. George Kerlin, Treasurer | 

Route 4, Box 227 

Goshen, Indiana 46526 \ 


Here are some excerpts from letters 
received by your Editor relative to 
the front page format of the Febru- 
ary 17, 1968, issuei. of The Brethren 
Evangelist; we are hoping that we 
will be able tn do more of this in the 

for you to try to come up with some- 
thing imaginative all the time, for 
there's only so much you can do. 

But I just wanted you to know 
how much I appreciated your special 
effort in this issue. 

Rev. Jerry Flora 
Washington, D.C. 

Congratulations ! 

The current issue of The Brethren 
Evangelist really turned me on when 
it arrived yesterday. 

Especially I enjoyed the different 
cover and layout you gave to Carl 
Barber's article. It must be difficult 

I took time to read the new Evan- 
gelist. Just wanted you to know how 
nice the cover is on the February 17 
issue. Could something like this be 
done more often? It is much more 

attractive than the standard one 

Good work! 

Judith Steiner 
Lanark, Illinois 

We received our new Evangelist 

Just had to drop you a line and lei 
you know how very impressed w( 
were with the new cover. Is this J 
new face? We all found it very im 

Helen Dickson 
Tempe, Arizona 



March 16, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 

World Religious News 

in Review 


Minneapolis (EP) — A conimuni- 
pation crisis exists in the Christian 

t;hurch which can no longer rely on 
ireaching, the Minnesota State Pas- 
itors' Conference was told here. 

The Rev. Clyde H. Reid, associate 
lirector of the Institute for Advanc- 
d Pastoral Studies, Bloomfield Hills, 
ich., said, "I am convinced that 
e have reached the end of the 
reaching era." 

What is needed, Mr. Reid said, "is a 

jredefinition of preaching. When we 

nderstand that genuine communica- 

l|tion requires dialogue, we realize that 

reaching falls short." 
j He said the old preaching struct- 
ure, which "elevates the clergyman to 
a position of special status over the 
(passive laity" and "relies upon the 
.brilliance of the minister's spealcing 
ability to hold the church together" 
belongs to the past. 
. "Not only do the laity express dis- 
satisfaction with sitting week after 
Week listening to one man's version 
if truth, but the clergy themselves 
are widely disillusioned with preach- 
ing," Reid charged. "They feel the 
smptiness of their words and their 
failure to communicate with people. 

The speaker called on pastors "to 
leach modern man in new creative 
v\'ays. We must reach him through 
:ill the senses, with sound as well as 
|)rint, with color as well as black 
and white, with pictures as well as 
sentences, with dialogue as well as 
monologue, with variety as well as 
consistency, with drama as well as 

The pastors' conference was held 
in Judson Baptist Church in Minne- 


i Los Angeles (EP) — A play de- 
picting a sexual encounter between 
Billy the Kid and Jean Harlow in 

heaven has been termed obscene by 
law officers here who arrested its 
producer and three actors. 

But Michael McClure, the contro- 
versial play's author, said understu- 
dies will "continue performances in- 

Protesting the arrest of the Warn- 
er Playhouse near UCLA shortly be- 
fore the second night's performance, 
producer Robert G. Barrows said, 
"We have no intention of bowing to 
illegal police authority." Barrows, a 
lecturer in theater arts at UCLA, 
added: "The police can't do anything 
during the performance, but they 
may arrest us again afterwards." 

Drama critic Cecil Smith wrote in 
the Los Angeles Times: "It is one of 
those plays that every young writer 
writes at about the college sopho- 
more level (and usually tears up)." 

Officers of the vice squad said they 
would keep on making Eu-rests as 
long as the actors defied them and 
staged the play. 


Paradise, Pa. (EP) — Elmer S. 
Fisher, one of the few members of 
the Old Order Amish community 
which flourishes here to have broken 
away, said he is happy in his present 
state but would not try to influence 
other Amishmen to rebel as he did. 

"It would be extremely unethical 
for me to do so," Fisher^ now a 
school teacher, told Rosamund Tay- 
lor of the Intelligencer-Journal. 

Fisher said he was gripped by in- 
tense unhappiness when he first en- 
tered the non-Amish environm.ent and 
really intended to return, fearing the 
damnation of his soul through ex- 
communication from his church. He 
was led to salvation in Jesus Christ 
by the pastor of the Evangelical 
United Brethren Church here. 

Despite his break with the sect, 
Fisher enjoys good relations with his 
Amish family. However, they must 
shun him because if they refused 

they would be required to confess 
publicly that they were breaking the 
laws of their church." 

Shunning means he cannot eat at 
the same table with his parents and 
the adult members of his family. It 
also means that in financial dealings, 
should his parents owe him money 
they may hand it to him. But they 
are not permitted to take money 
from his hand. If he wishes to pay 
them for something he must place 
the money on the table, from which 
they may retrieve it. 

The teacher says his integration 
into the non-Amish world was much 
more difficult for him than being 

"My restricted Amish life had 
made me a foreigner in my own 
country," Fisher says. "I was gau- 
che, I made social errors. I was 
laughed at many times." 

After serving in the army for two 
years (1950-52), he enrolled at Bob 
Jones University, Greenville^ S.C. and 
married non-Amish Jean Denlinger. 
They live in a modern ranch house 
here with their two sons — Curtis 
8, and Ricky, 6. Elmer Fisher is 
president of the "Send the Light Cru- 
sade," a movement which is trying to 
pix>vide gospel information for all 
Amish families in the United States 
and Canada. 


Atlanta (EP) — Denominational 
heads of the Presbyterian Church in 
the U.S. were alarmed following a 
ruling by the Georgia Supreme Court 
which upheld the property rights of 
two churches which seceded from the 
parent body. 

"This is a real shock," exclaimed 
Dr. Marshall C. Dendy of Richmond 
Va., head of the parent church. "I 
hope the ruling will be appealed." 

It handed church property rights 
to two Savannah churches whose con- 
gregations withdrew from the main 
church in April 1966. Statements 
adopted by the church's General 
Assembly on the Vietnam war and 
civil rights, among other things, vi- 
olated church doctrine, the congrega- 
tions contended. 

Attorney Cheatham of Savannah, 
representing the parent church, gave 
this judgment: "The dicision pertains 
to every connectional Protestant 
church. What it does is allow a jury 
to decide whether a church has de- 
viated from its doctrine." 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evangelis | 

The two churches seceding, accord- 
ing to an AP wire story^ are Hull 
Presbyterian and Eastern Heights 
Presbyterian. They asked that the 
parent body be denied the right to 
interfere in their affairs. 

Said the Rev. Todd W. Allen, pas- 
tor of Hull: "The decision is a Mag- 
jia Carta for church property rights 
and guarantees that church congre- 
gations own their own property." 


Springl'ield, Mo. (EP) — Assem- 
blies of God minister David R. Wil- 
kerson, whose New York parish is 
filled with drug addicts, says he con- 
siders marijuana the "most danger- 
ous drug today" and hit hard against 
legislation to legalize it. 

Writing in The Pentecostal Evan- 
gel, Wilkerson contends that many 
of the so-called proponents of the 
drug's legalization are actually doing 
so to rationalize their own behavior. 

In a by-lined article "Should Mari- 
juana Be Legalized?" the Rev. Mr. 
Wilkerson, e.xecutive director of Teen 
Challenge with offices in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., also asserts: 

"E.xpecting an impartial opinion 
from marijuana users is like expect- 
ing a convention of alcoholics to 
make an unabiased study of bourbon. 

"I have found that some of the 
'impartial e.xperts' in favor of this 
admit smoking and enjoying it," Wil- 
kerson writes in his article for the 
national Assemblies of God news- 
inspirational periodical with a circu- 
lation of some 197,000. 


New York (EP) — In attempting 
to evaluate the reading habits of 
youth today, one fact clearly emerg- 
es — the Bible overwhelmingly is 
the most important and most helpful 
book they have read. 

Nancy Gilbert, reporting for the 
Gilbert Youth Research in an article 
for the Herald-News here_ said a sur- 
vey showed the Bible received four 
times as many \'otes as the two clos- 
est runners-up; the dictionary and 
the novel. A thousand young people 
across the U.S. were asked to select 
the one book they would save if a 
disaster ever struck. 

"Religious books in general far 
eclipsed any other category to walk 
off with honors as most helpful 
among those being read currently, " 
Miss Gilbert said. 

"Most of those questioned thought 
of the Bible only in terms of its re- 
ligious and moral significance," she 
said. "Some teen-agers saw other 
values in the Bible: "It incorporates 
the greatest quotes and events of all 
time. . . .' 'The Bible serves all 
other choices combined. . . ' 'The 
Bible is a problem-solver for every- 
day situations.' " 

A slightly higher percentage of 
girls than boys (57 vs. 49) tended to 
favor the Bible. The survey seemed 
to indicate that the attention-getting 
tactics of a small minority of irreli- 
gious youth had tended to obscure 
the thoughts of the conservative ma- 


West Palm Beach, Fla. (EP) — 
Labeling the case a "sarcastic at- 
tempt ... to ridicule the process 
of the law," circuit court judge Rob- 
ert S. Hewitt threw out of court a 
suit against God. 

"The complaint is absurd, frivolous 
and disrespectful, requiring that it 
be dismissed and expunged from the 
public record," Hewitt said. 

George Albrecht, 35-year-old elec- 
trician, filed a $25,000 suit against 
"God and company," listing approxi- 
mately 30 churches as co-defendents, 
after he lost an earlier damage suit 
agains the city and a construction 

He was seeking damages for in- 
juries received when a sidewalk col- 
lapsed under htm during a 1964 rain- 
storm at a construction site. The 
trial jury had ruled earlier that the 
accident was "an act of God." 


Los Angeles (EP) — Adults who 
don't smoke, according to the UC 
Berkeley Institute of Human Devel- 
opment, turn out to have been self- 
conti-olled, modest and even- temp- 
ered adolescents with cin apprecia- 
tion of the mature \'alues of their 

However, heavy smokere now in 
middle age, were seen to have had 
little desire for achievement in their 
teens . . . tried to escape from un- 
pleasant situations . . . were often 
out-and-out aggressors. 

These findings, published in Social 
Science and Medicine, international 
journal of Great Britain, were set 
forth in the form of personality pro- 

files of adolescents who are now i | 
their 40's. The profiles, which shoi j 
individual exceptions to the main r( I 
suits, are based on information an i 
studies begun in 1931 with a grou i 
of 200 boys and girls then enrolle I 
in Oakland junior high schools. ! 

The Los Angeles Times quoted 
professor of the Berkeley Institute a 
saying that his findings indicate tha 
the use of cigarettes will decline a 
evidence of their health toll mount 


Minneapolis (EP) — Another Ic 
was purchased in downtown Minni 
apolis by the Billy Graham Evange 
istic Association when the offensi\ 
quarters of the "Pink Pussy Cal 
nightclub was doomed to demolitioi 

George Wilson, e.xecutive vice pre 
ident and treasurer of the evangeli 
tic association, had refused to de; 
with the owners for the land whei 
the nightclub had stood until the 
closed shop and ordered the b£ 

The site of the Pink Pussy Of 
will be used either for a new built 
ing or a parking lot. The Bill 
Graham Evangelistic Association no 
owns all but three lots on the bloc 
at Hennepin and Harmon Place. 

The nightclub, howe\'er_ will mo\ 
its liquor license across the stre< 
and reopen January 29. 


London (EP) — Sixty U.S. mi 
sionaries have quietly entered En 
land in recent weeks £md taken i 
residence in university cities to ir 
part their ideas, according to tl 
weekly evangelical journal, Tl 

They are members of Campus Cr 

sade, an evangelical mo\'ement star 

ed in 1951 by Dr. William R. Brigh 

It now has more than 1,100 fulltin 

staff workers operating in 37 cou 



The 60 who came here are large 
recent college graduates. Operatir 
under the title of the "Universit 
Ambassador Team," they plan 
concentrate their work at univeR 
ties in London, Brighton, Readin 
Birmingham and Southampton. 

The Christian quoted the group 
leader. Bud Hinkson, as saying: "W 
shall be here long enough to impa 
ideas that we have found benefid ' 
and then lea\'e for somewhere else 

:arch 16, 1968 

rage Twenty-five 

April 30 - May 2, 1968 

Rev. George Macpherson Docherty, D.D. 

Guest Speaker 

Sponsored by 

of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, will 
the guest speaker for the Pastors' Conference on 
lith and Order this coming April. 

Dr. Docherty was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and 
ceived his M.A. in 1935 and his B.D. in 1938 from the 
asgow University in Scotland. 

His ministry has included the following: minister of 
)-adjuster at the Barony of Glasgow, doing special youth 
)rk under the lona Trust from 1944-47. He was min- 
er at the North Church in Aberdeen from 1947 to 1950. 
? was called to the New York Avenue Presbyterian 
lurch in Washington, D.C., on March 30, 1950. 
Tlie Doctor of Divinity degree was conferred upon him 

the Temple University of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 

June of 1950. The Doctor of Letters degree was con- 
Ted upon him by Monmouth College of Monmouth, 
inois, in June of 1957. 

Dr. Docherty has appeared regularly on television 
der the auspices of the Council of Churches, National 
pital Area, on the program, "This We Believe." He 
pears regularly on a brief devotional program "Today 

Your Ivife," morning and evening on a local television 
He has written a book of sermons entitled "One Way 

Living," published by Harper and Brothers in April of 

Dr. Docherty promises to be a most interesting speak- 
i for the conference. 

Tuesday, April 30 

30 Praise and De^'otions 

Devotions James Donahoo 

50 "Biblical Basis of Calling, Licensure 

and Ordination" Smith Rose 

30 Fellowship Time 

10 "Historical Brethren Position on Calling, 

Licensure and Ordination" Albert Ronk 

3:40 Discussion Time 
4:00 Committee Reports 
4:30 Prayer of Dismissal 
7:30 Evening Worship 

Devotions Thomas Hurley 

Message Frederick Burkey, Director of 

Christian Education 
"Visions in Christian Education" 

Wednesday, May 1 

Praise and Devotions 

Devotions David Case 

Panel: "Current Practices of the Districts on 
Calling, Licensure and Ordination" 
Moderator: Rev. Robert Hoffman 
Panel: Men of the various districts. 
Fellowship Time 
Discussion Time 

Sharing Time — Pastors bring ideas and sugges- 
tions to help our fellow Elders in the work of 
the Lord. 
Lunch Time 

Ground Breaking for Headquarters Building 
Praise and Devotions 

Devotions Arden Gilmer 

2:13 Theme: "The Church Faces Changing Moral 
Standards." Dr. George Docherty, Pastor, New 
York Avenue Presbyterian Church, Washington, 
3:00 Committee Reports 
4:00 Prayer of Dismissal 
6:00 Seminary Friends and Alumni Banquet 

Speaker Dr. Geoi-ge Docherty 

Thursday, May 2 

9:00 Praise and Devotions 

Devotions Jerry Grieve 

9:15 Message Dr, George Docherty 

10:00 Question Time 

10:30 Fellowship Time 

11:00 Sharing Time and Evaluation 

11:30 Inspiration Time Bruce Stark 

12:00 Benediction 









Page Twenty-six 


Rev. James Black 

Rev. Jerry Witt 

Rev. Paul Steiner^ chairman 

Song Leaders: 

Rev. Marlin McCann 

Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 

The Brethren Evangeli^ 


Rev. Harold Barnett 
Rev. St. Clair Benshoff 

Reservation for Housing should be sent to: 
Rev. George W. Solomon 
619 Park Street 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 




ONE NIGHT I was aroused from a deep sleep by an 
unusual noise from my small son's room. I hur- 
ried up the stairs to find him on his hands and knees 
searching for something in the dark. 

"Mommy," he cried, "I can't find my Jesus!" The little 
luminous plaque he had taken to bed with him had fallen 
to the floor. I remember holding him close and thinking, 
"If all men who walk in darkness only would bend their 
knees to search as diligently for the Light of Christ." 
Why is it that men often wait for the dark moments of 
adversity to come upon them to begin groping frantically 
for the Christ they had previously cast aside? More often 
than should be necessary, the patient Jesus allows our 
hearts to be broken so that he can spread us around 
where he wants us to be. Yes^ life is too often a conflict 
of our selfish desires against Christ's desire for our un- 
selfish service. How wonderful that our Lord placed the 
stars above us that we might, in our darkness, look up 
and find them. 

Not long ago I was in a company of friends who were 
apparently delighted to discover that each of them took 
a different kind of nerve pill. Sick America is certainly 
trying to nurse its ills with pills. First we take Selfish 
Pills, Hate Pills, Covet Pills, Glutton Pills, Jealousy 
Pills, Adultry Pills, and Divorce Pills, then we try nerve 

pills — green, yellow, white, blue or black, and c 
souls get sicker as our senses are dulled with dope. P j 
haps the term, "tranquilizer" sounds better. ! 

Beloved, the Church of Jesus Christ and its organi: | 
tions need so much more than "tranquil" members Cj 
give it. We need to begin "groping in the dark," and i 
our knees for the Giver of Light. 

"Wliat think ye of Christ?" Isn't what we think of cj 
neighbor equivalent to what we really think of ChrisI 

Set a houseplant in a window and it turns every 1( 
to face the light. God has fashioned it to obey His n 
ural laws for survival. It cannot live without the si 
Are we different? The Word of God tells us that 
Christ is life, and His life is the light of men. We c; 
not live in obedience to God without the Son! If j 
will read Hebrews 5:7-9 you will find that the Son hi 
self had to learn obedience: 

"Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered 
prayers and supplications with strong crying and te: 
unto him that was able to save him from death, and 1 
heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, ; 
learned he obedience by the things which he suffen 
And being made perfect, he became the author of eter: 
salvation unto all them that obey him." 

I was just thinking 

Why not join the 


rch 16, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 


Devotional Program for April 


II to Worship: 

Seniors: "Blessings are upon tlie head of the just: 
but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked" 
Prov. 10:6). 

Juniors: "Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that 
is within me, bless his holy name" (Psa. 103:1). 

mns or choruses related to the theme of your meeting 

•cle of Prayer 

lie Study: 



icussion Questions: 
Seniors: Discuss questions over You're in the Teen- 
age Generation. 

Special Music 


"Spirit of Sisterhood" 

S.M.M. Benediction 

Business Meeting 

Something Extra: How about holding your meeting or 
devotional program of some sort in the home of one or 
more shut-ins? Take along some spring flowers and the 
refreshments. (They needn't be heavy; just a light snack 
will do.) Shut-ins really appreciate this sort of thing 
and you will enjoy it too. 



Read: John 15:9-14 
Key Verse: Proverbs 10:16 


)NE SUNDAY EVENING four years ago the young 
people of our BY group wrote down three wishes 
their lives. We numbered each folded paper, stuck 
"m in a big envelope with the key to the numbers on 
front, and sealed the envelope. I then tucked it away 
future reference. When summer comes, I plan to 
n the envelope and send each person his list of wish- 
(I shall try hard not to peek!) with these questions: 
, Would you revise your wishes now that you are 

2. Are you now living lives that will tend to make these 
wishes come true? 

3. Are these goals for your life in keeping with God's 
plans for you and all mankind? 

Considering the hundreds of young people I have work- 
ed with through the years, I have made one observation 
that seems to determine whether they are industrious, 
well-adjusted, serious-minded students or lazy, fault-find- 
ing, school-skipping problems. The hard-working students 
all have goals toward which they are striving and ac- 

I'affe Twenty-eight 

copt self-discipline and hard work as the price they must 
pay; the problem students have no idea why they are 
here and where they are going. 

This latter category provides some interesting case 
studies. I remember one particularly lazy, utterly charm- 
ing Don Juan who told me confidentially that his biggest 
ambition was to marry a wealthy woman. Another 
cheating rascal who tried to worm a passing grade out 
of me so that he could play basketball finally landed in 
Mansfield Reformatory. (Not for that, of course!) One 
student this year, in a paper on "My Decision," wrote 
about taking his first trip with LSD. I appended a 
lengthy note to his paper appealing to his hope for a 
happy marriage and a sound mind in a sound body and 
the need for extreme caution with these untested drugs. 
But as he ended his paper, "I enjoy being with my 
friends, and we do as we please." Incidentally, he and 
I are on the best of terms; however he is doing nothing 
to avoid tedting sophomore English for the third time. 
He is in a world of his own, and this is true of all these 
hippies, hoods, and juvenile delinquents. They seem so 
blinded by their own wrongdoings and sinful thoughts 
that they cannot see that they are headed toward heart- 
ache and ruin. I pray for my problem students^ for I 
know God is there to help them when they need Him; 
but they must make the first move toward Him. As our 
pastor has suggested, sometimes only heartache and 
ruin can help them find their way to Him. 

Yes, some seem to have as their goal making life 
miserable for the rest of the human race; they are the 
"crazy mixed-up kids" who hit the headlines. This kind 
dates back to Cain, the Bible's first juvenile delinquent. 
You remember that Cain knew what type of sacrifice God 
required of man, but he was too contrary to buckle down 
and give the proper offering. He did it his way, to the 
displeasure of God. Then in a jealous rage he killed 
his brother Abel, who had pleased God with his sacrifice. 
Sin deadened Cain's conscience and blinded him to the 
real reason he hated his brother. 

The story of the worst problem student I have ever 
had ends with a different twist. Herb was the bane of 
my life the first year I taught. Just waiting until he 
was sixteen and could leave the eighth grade was his 
only goal in life. Meanwhile he made us teachers suffer. 
His mother was dead; his father was a drunkard. I 
tried to forgive him. The last week of school he came 
to me with tears in his eyes and confessed, "Teacher, 
I'm so sorry I've been a problem to you this year." I 
wept too — partly because his apology had come so late 
in the school term. However, he married a fine Christian 
girl and has made a good home for his family. The last 
I heard from Herb was when he made himself known 
to my parents while he was playing Santa Claus at their 
church several years ago. 

I have not told you of my problem girls through the 
years, mostly because their stories are the saddest. Girls 
who lose their way and disobey God's commandments 

The Brethren Evangrel 

generally become women of the street, unwed mothe 
or brides of some fellow as immature as they. Thei 
marriages generally result in divorce and compound 
unhappiness for themselves — and others. Yes^ they 
as they want and forget that others must pay for thi 
sins — too often an innocent child. 

Young people have a way of spotting "phonies" th 
C!)nstantly amazes me. Let us check on your ability 
size up people. What kind of Christian are you? Answ 
these questions truthfully. 

1. On what do you spend your money? 

2. How do you spend your spare time? 

3. Whom do you choose as your companions? 

4. What type of material do you read? 

5. What goals do you seek? 
You have little intention of serving the Master if y 

spend your money wholly on yourself; if you spend 
time in prayer and meditation; if you come to chur 
only because your parents make you; if you refuse 
take part in church activities; if you choose friends w 
are not Christian and take delight in proving it; if y 
read books because they are controversial, sexy^ a 
"for adults only;" if you wage constant battles w 
your family and friends; if you hate, envy, and jud 
others; if you wish mainly for fun, money, and popul 
ity. Just how m^uch of your mind, heart, and soul ha 
you turned over to God? 

So many people live as if they expect to share Go- 
eternal life by riding into heaven on the coattails 
apron-strings of a saintly father or mother. Thank Gi 
most of us have the example of fine Christian parei 
who put us on the right path. But faith is an individi 
matter since each of us is ultimately responsible for 1 
own soul. 

Nancy Launder of Williamstown First Brethr 
Church (Ohio) has sent as her favorite proverb: 

"The labor of the righteous tendeth to life: 
The fruit of the wicked to sin" (10:16). 
She points out that it has helped her in times of dot 
and fear, for it indicates that the only way to ha\"e 1 
eternal is by serving our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Wliat a splendid Easter message from Proverbs, N; 
cy. This is an opportune time for each of us to che 
on our service to our Lord and our goals we ha\e .' 
for our lives. Have we actually accepted God's salvati 
by believing that He loved us so much that He sent i 
Son to save us from our sinful natures? And the w 
that Jesus redeemed us was in keeping with the Jew) 
idea of the perfect sacrifice — God's requirement for t 
blood of the unblemished Lfunb. "Greater Love ha 
no man than this, that a man lay down his life for 1 
friends." To top it off we have a risen Savior and t 
offer of eternal life. 

This is the power of the plan of salvation. When ' 
realize how much God loves us and how little we deser 
it, we can do nothing else but try to be worthy of su 
great love. I have seen men, women, and children chan 



Philippians 2:11 



irch 16, 1968 

Page Twenty-nine 

dically because this thought of God's love so everwhelm- 
them that they could no longer be the same peoiple. 
lis is the "born again" Christian; this is Paul convert- 
on the road to Damascus; this is the power that leaves 
other j-eligions earth-bound, lack-luster, and regi- 
;ntod by" rules, rules, rules. I know what God has 
ne for me; therefore I can only respond in faith. 
Consider Malcolm Sargent's "If I Had Three Wishes": 
I would not ask for health because unbroken health 
ght rob me of experiences that come through sharing 
ness and suffering. My first wish would be for sympa- 
y and understanding of others. My second wish would 
for a sense of humor; and my third wish, a very firm 
e indeed, for the gift of faith, the Christian faith, 
cause men and women get from such a faith strength 
live, and indeed, strength to die." 

Questions tor discussion: 

1. What are the goals you have set for your life? 

2. Are these goals for your life in keeping with God's 
plans for you and for all mankind'? 

3. Are you now living lives that will tend to make 
these wishes come true? 

4. Explain this statement from 'Words of Life, edited by 
Charles L. Wallis: "The simplest meaning of Easter 
is that we are living in a world in which God has 
the last word." 

5. Comment on this statement by Robert South from 
the same book: "God e.xpects from men that their 
Easter devotions would in some measure come up to 
their Easter dress." 



Psalm 103:1 


iINCE THIS is the Easter season, Christ's death on 
the cross and His resurrection from the dead will 
; preached and taught in Christian churches around the 
')rld this month. Although the Psalms were written 
ig before Christ's crucifixion, there are many things 
them which point to the future suffering of our Lord, 
my are the writers who praise the Lord for His for- 
cing nature and for His stedfast love. Such is the 
aim we shall study now. 

Look again at this Psalm. Here a writer was grate- 

— eternally grateful — to God for His forgiveness 

past sin. What is sin? (disobeying God). What are 

ne ways we sin? (lying, stealing, disobeying parents). 

1 of us sin. God hates sin. He is holy, pure, and wants 

part of sin. He loves us very much and does not want 

to remain in sin. How could He remove sin from 

'. When we do wrong; punishment follows. Because 

our sin, someone must take our punishment and that 

jie was His Son Who knew no sin. He took the punish- 

3nt in our place by dying for our sins. 

The whole Psalm moves along on a note of praise and 

ankfulness to CJod 'Who forgives sin. The writer tells 

lat God has done for him personally. "Forget not elII 

i benefits" (v. 2) means that we are not to forget 

>d's blessings and the good things He has done for 

■Verse 3 speaks of iniquities. What does iniquity 

;an? (sin). The psalmist praises God for forgiving 

i sins. Surely not as much was known then as we 

ow today about God's plan of forgiveness, for Christ 

d not died; but it was his trust in God and belief in 

id's promises which prompted the writer to praise 

k1 for His forgiveness. 

It must have been that the psalmist had been extreme- 
ly ill, near to death and then had received his health 
again (v. 4). When hope was nearly gone_ his spirit re- 
vived, his sickness left and a strong body returned. For 
this the writer gives thanks. Many are the sick people 
who have lost all hope. In the hospital there is a differ- 
ence in the spirit of those sick when they have faith in 
God. If only we would lean wholly on the Lord, our 
load of care would lighten. Besides speaking of his per- 
sonal experience, the psalmist speaks of the help the 
Lord of Israel had given in the past to Moses and those 
oppressed by the Egyptians. The children of Israel had 
sinned and suffered, but the Lord was merciful, gracious, 
slow to anger and stedfast in love (v. 8). What is merci- 
ful and gracious? God is willing to forgive us even 
though we do not deserve it (merciful) and He is kind 
to us who are so much less than He is (gracious). This 
verse also says that God is slow to anger or patient and 
that he has great love and mercy toward us. 

"As the heavens are high above the earth, so great is 
his stedfast love toward those who fear him" (v. 11). Can 
we measure how high the heaven is above the earth? 
No, but there are some things in the heavens which 
have been measured and are so great that our minds 
have trouble imagining how vast it is. There is no de- 
nying that our earth is tiny when considered against 
the background of the whole universe. The volume of the 
sun is over a million times greater than our planet; and 
yet, compared with other heavenly bodies, the sun is a 
grain of sand. For example, one measured star could 
hold 25 million suns (like the one shining on us every 

Page Thirty 

The Brethren Evange^t 

It seems almost unbelievable. God created the world. 
God governs the world and keeps it going. Now this 
Psalm speaks of His love for the world. They may not 
be easy to understand for some people. They ask why 
should we have pain and suffering on all sides, if God 
loves us? God loves the world^ but in Nigeria thousands 
are poisoned by snake bites every year, and millions suf- 
fer from insect-carried diseases. God loves the world, 
but we herd army against army, bent on destroying one 
another. Where can we find God's love? He was con- 
cerned for each man. There are vast stretches of space, 
but one man or one girl with their capacity to love God, 
serve Him, worship Him and fellowship with Him is 
worth more than all the hugeness of empty space. Can 
we believe that God loves the world in the face of suf- 
fering, misery and war? Of course; it is man who is re- 
sponsible — man who is free to choose to serve God or to 
deny Him. God is not to be blamed for the suffering and 
misery on every side. How can we know that God loves 
the world. We can know it because of a great event 
in history — Christ's coming. God gave us His only Son 
because of His love for us. 

The psalmist uses a good description in verse 12. Read 
it. If we were to start here and go west — to the Pacif- 
ic, to Asia, to Europe, across the Atlantic — we could 
go around the earth again and again and still be going 

west. We cannot measure the distance between east !A 
west. Neither can we measure the distance God remo* 
our sins when He forgives us. 

God knows us and pities us. "Like as a father piti|i 
his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear hii' 
Why? Because he knows us and that we are but di: 
Indeed, we are frail as the next few verses tell us. ''t 
are as grass or as a flower — so very helpless, but i 
love of God is endless and steadfast "from everlast j 
to everlasting." We know that God loves the world '-i 
cause of the miracle of His setting us free from puni -I 
ment. God, in the person of Jesus Christ, offered ]s| 
life as a ransom and bled His blood for us atop a crs 
on Calvary's hill. 

May we say with the psalmist, "Bless the Lord, ) 
my soul : and all that is within me, bless His holy nam ' 
God has given us so much that we should give const: t 
praise to Him. 
Questions for Discussion: 

1. What is iniquity? What is sin? 

2. How can we say "God loves us" when there is ) 
much suffering and misery all around us? 

3. If God forgives us, what should our attitude be h 
ward those who may wrong us? 

4. Is there any limit to God's forgiveness? 

Signal Lights Program for Apr 

Prepared by Mrs. Aiberfa Hoising' 


Singing Time: 

"The Birds Upon the Tree-Tops" 

"I Don't Have to Wait" 

"Oh, Be Careful" 
Bible Time: 

Caring for Your Body 

Daddy smiled at Mommy. "Thank 
you for fixing such a delicious din- 

Mommy smiled back. "It's fun 
cooking for my family." 

"It sure was good," said Larry, 
"and I'm stuffed! 

Do you sometimes eat and eat just 
because the food is so good? Do you 
eat more than your body really 

We are reminded in the Bible that 
our body is the temple of God. That 
means it belongs to Him. When we 

accept Jesus as our Savior, His Spir- 
it lives in our body. Since our bodies 
belong to God we are asked to take 
very good care of them. 

We should be temperate in all 
things. Temperate means not to do 
too much of any one thing. We 
should be temperate in our eating. 
Our bodies need food and we 
should feed them properly every day, 
but we should not eat more than 
our bodies need. When we eat too 
much, our bodies have to overwork 
to get rid of the extra food. 

We should be temperate in our 
play. We should not play until we 
are so tired all we can do is flop 

The same thing is true of work. 
Work and play are both important, 

but we should not do either so hai 
and so long that we are overly tin 

We should remember to be ten, 
erate in all things. 

There are, however, some thint 
which we should not do at all. A 
should never do anything that 
harmful to our body. We shoi 
never take alcoholic drinks (the 
include beer and wine) nor use 
bacco. Tlie companies which ma 
these things make them sound ve 
good and attractive, but they a 
harmful to the body. We want 
keep our bodies well and stror 
So we will say "no" to these a 
anything else that is not good 1 

The Christian way is to take ca 
of your body — to be temperate 

larch 16, 1968 

Page Thirty-one 

11 things and to refuse anything that 
5 harmful. Are you following the 
'hristian way? 
leniory Tune: 

I Corinthians 3:16 

(Review previous memory Scrip- 
ures. Give each child an opportun- 
ty to say the ones he knows.) 
! Today we are going to learn a 
terse that will help us to remember 
^ take care of our bodies because 
fod's Spirit lives in them. 

The verse is written on this paper 
; am giving you. Look at it while 

read it to you. 

Now you read the verse with me. 

(Read the verse together a few 
imes. Be sure to include the refer- 

Now let's turn our paper over and 
ee if we can say the verse. 

Take your memory verse paper 
ome with you and practice saying 
t this month. 
Mission Time: 

j Vacation in Argentina 

I Summer will soon be here. Is your 
lamily planning a vacation? Some- 
imes we go to far away places for 
'ur vacation. Sometimes we visit a 
ilace near home. Sometimes we may 
ven spend our vacation at home 
loing things together in our own 
liackyard and neighborhood. 

Summer is over in Argentina and 
he children are back in school. (You 
remember, when we are having win- 
er it is summer in Argentina.) 
I Last December was vacation time 
■or our missionaries, the Solomons. 

"Will we take a vacation?" asked 
en-year-old Becky. 

"We want to," answered Mommy, 
[but everything is so expensive. We 
iire not sure we will be able to this 

I Later, Daddy came in with a broad 
Imile on his face. "Good news, fam- 
ily! We will have a vacation after 
ill this summer. Can you guess 

! "In the mountains?" asked Tim. 
I "At the beach?" asked Becky. 
\ "In the jungle?" suggested five- 
•'ear-old Joel. 

Daddy whispered in Margy's ear. 
Farm Farm!" shouted the tiny one. 

"Are we really?" asked Becky. 

"Oh, boy" was all Tim could say. 

"I'll go swimming every day in the 
ittle pool," declared Joel. 

"Swimming pool!" laughed Margy. 

"It sounds like fun," agreed Mom- 
ny. "We enjoyed living there when 
ve were making the farm into the 
3ible Institute. It will be good to 

return for a vacation^ but aren't 
there classes now?" 

"No, this is vacation time. Re- 
member?" answered Daddy. "And 
no group will be using it for a camp 
for the next two weeks. We will 
have it to ourselves. The cook will 
even be there; so it will be a real 
vacation for you, too." 

It was a happy, exciting time as 
the family packed their things for 

"There are two horses at the farm 
now," said Tim. "I'll help take care 
of them and I'll go horseback riding. 
Giddyup!" And Tim was off at a 
gallop around the room. 

"I want to swim and dive and 
swim," said Becky. 

"We're going to the farm! We're 
going to the farm!" sang Joel as he 
gathered up the toys he and Margy 
would want at the farm. 

"More good news," said Mommy as 
she came into the room. "The Row- 
seys will come from Buenos Aires to 
spend a week with us at the farm." 

"Great!" exclaimed Tim and the 
other children shouted in agreement. 

So it was that one sunny day last 
December the six Solomons loaded 
the car and drove to the Bible Insti- 
tute for a wonderful vacation — 
swimming, horseback riding, fun with 
friends, fun with family and time to 
be alone with God. 

Many times as they looked at the 
green fields or the blue sky they 
whispered, "Thank you, God. Thank 
Prayer Time: 

Let us thank God for the Solomons 
and the other missionaries who are 

telling the Argentine people of Jesus. 
Let us thank Him for guiding them 
and helping them. 

Let us ask God to guide us in our 
plans for this summer. 
Handwork Time: 

Vacation Pictures 

(For each child you will need a 
sheet of drawing paper and crayons.) 

Across the top of your paper print, 
"Thank You, God, for Missionaries." 
(Print the words on a blackboard 
where the children can see them. 
The smallest ones will need help.) 

You may make a picture of the 
Solomons' vacation. You might like 
to show the horses or the swimming 
pool or the chUdren playing in the 
summer sunshine. 

Now turn your paper over. On 
this side print, "Thank You, God, for 
Good Times," and then make a pic- 
ture of something you would like to 
do during vacation time. 
Business Time: 

1. Give the Signal Lights motto: 
"Christ first; others second; self 

2. Roll call and offering. (Tell 
what you did without this month.) 

3. Complete plans to visit a shut- 
in or nursing home. Practice the 
songs and Scripture verses you will 

4. Talk about our project, the 
audio-visual trailer for Argentina. 

5. A birthday to remember: 
Susan Rowsey will be thirteen 
years old on May 11. 

Signal Lights Benediction: 

Dear Savior, help us to be signal 
lights shining for Thee in the dcirk 
places of the world. Amen. 

Rev, & Mrs. Albert !.• Ronk 
27 High St. 

Ashland^ Ohio 44805 

Page Thirty-two 

The Brethren Evangei | 



Have you taken up the challenge? If you have not yet 
given your ONE DAY'S PAY, won't you please 
send It In today or take it to church next Sunday? Use the 
pledge card below. 

Elton Whitted, Chairman 


I wish to pledge $ 

30 days 60 days 



to be paid within: 
90 days — 

Amount of cash enclosed $- 
Amount of check enclosed $- 

Please make check payable to: 


Mail the above form and check to: 


524 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

'7<^ ^tet^neti 




Vol. xc 

No. 7 



rsjk *dW:.^fzw^rBtf^wmw^i^ 


Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Board of Editorial Consultants 
Woman's Missionary Society . .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributing Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beverly Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues per year) 

534 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-72"! 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in advance, 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business communi- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Conunittee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "Missions" 3 

Missionary Board Promotional Materials 4 

"The Fifth and Sixth Trumpet Judgments" 
by Rev. R. Glen Traver 13 

"Evening Walks with Jesus into the House of 
Simon Peter" by Rev. George W. Solomon ... 16 

Local Church Reports 17 

News from the Brethren 19 

Coming Events 19 

Memorials 19 

Weddings 20 

World Religious News in Review 20 

The Woman's Missionary Society 22 

The Brethren Layman 23 

"Stamping Out Dead Ends — Vocational 

Gamaliels Guide Teens in Career Choice" ....24 

Headquarters Building Fund Report 25 

Board of Christian Education 26 

The Sisterhood 31 



Southeast District Laym« 


Hagerstown, Marylar 

April 20, 191 

4:30 ?}. 

District Information Missing 
in the Annual 

YOU HAVE already noticed, no doubt, that 
list of officers and committees for the Soi i 
eastern District and the Northern California ]i 
trict are missing in the latest annual. Several i 
quiries have come in relative to these omissions, i 
The reason that these two district officia i 
were omitted was because the secretaries of th > 
districts did not get the information in to us. ' i 
Annual was delayed in printing awaiting these 111 
which never came in. 1 

Progress Report on the Book 


S OF TODAY, Mai-ch 26, 1968, we .1 
report that the book is on the prf 
and a Httle over one-third of it has bn 
printed. Within a sliort time it will be s4 
to the binders for binding. 

We would also like to report that only '^ 
copies have been sold at the pre-publicaitni 
price. This offer is still open and williiS 
until the book is ready for sale over to 
counter. If you would purchase it now, * 
price is $6.75 in Ohio and $6.50 in at-H 
states. After publication the cost willj^ 
$7.48 in Ohio and $7.20 in other states ,11 
must chai'ge sales tax on all Ohio ordenti^ 

In order to meet the expense of publ)( 
ing the book, it is necessary that 1,500 caiij| 
be sold. You can see that with only j| 
copies sold to date that we have fallen sl|^ 
of meeting the expenses of the book. , 

If you have not sent us your order as i, 
please do so immediately. Every BretlJD 
family should have this book in its libry. 
The contents of the book brings us up to l* 
present day which makes it most interes m 
for all of us. 

t ,,* 

irch 30, 1968 

Page Three 





^HE MOST important facet of the Christian 
Church is missions! The most important 
rk of the Brethren Church is missions, whether 
road or at home! The main purpose of the 
urch is to teach and proclaim the Gospel of our 
rd to those around us and to those in distant 
ids who have never heard. 

[n this issue of The Brethren Evangelist you 
1 find infonnation relative to our mission work 
■oad. It should be read carefully with a desire 
have a more complete understanding of what 
; Missionary Board of our denomination is try- 
: to accompUsh. 

rhere are two needs of the Missionary Board 
the present. 

3ne is the need of recruits. We have mission 
Ids only in South America and Nigeria. Our 
•sonnel has been depleted in these areas for 
•ious reasons. There have been no replacements. 

?^or some reason or other our young people 
re not become too interested in mission work, 
'haps we parents have not given encourage- 
nt as we should have ; or perhaps the local con- 
ligation has not given it support in every way. 
*aps the pastor has not caught sight of the 
!d to encourage his young people to enter this 
d of Christian sei-vice. Regardless of what the 
■'Son might be, we need to find recruits for serv- 
in these mission points. 

2very so often we hear someone ask "why don't 
start mission work in other areas of the world 
er than Argentina and Nigeria?" The answer 
simple. We do not have the personnel. Coupled 
h this is the need of finances. 

Therefore, the second need is finances. It takes 
money to operate mission fields. Money has to be 
kept in reserve for emergencies. Salai'ies have to 
be paid, both the missionaries' salaries and admin- 
istrative salai-ies. You will be pleased to know 
that the administrative expenses of our mission 
work is quite low compared to other organizations 
and denominations. Our missionaiy board has 
been very careful in the spending of our funds and 
it has done an excellent job getting the most out 
of our money! They will continue to do so. 

The budget for the current year is $113,000, 
which isn't much compared to other denomina- 
tions even smaller than ours! The budget has 
been trimmed to the very necessities. Even this 
might not suffice because of the constant rise of 
costs in all areas of our society. Again, the Mis- 
sionary Board can only do that which finances will 
allow it to do. 

Let us keep in mind that missions is our re- 
sponsibility — yours and mine ! All of us cannot 
go to the mission field, but we can give! Every 
church in the denomination should increase this 
item in the budget by at least ten percent, more 
if possible. Every individual member of the 
Brethren Church should give more to this most 
important work of the Church. If we expect our 
Missionary Board to do more, then we must give 

Please read the information very carefully in 
this magazine relative to our mission work, as well 
as related infonnation which you will receive di- 
rectly from the Missionary Board. After you have 
acquainted yourself with this material, please 
give it prayerful concern, then give accordingly! 

Let's not let down on our work as Christians ! 

Page Four 

The Brethren Evangelii 

"Puffiect a^acct IftC^Caa^? 

THE SOURCE of missions was 
in the heart of God Him- 
self, and Jesus Christ, the su- 
preme revelation of His heart, 
was God's great missionaiy to a 
lost world. God came Himself, 
in the person of His Son, "to 
seek and save that which was 
lost." Jesus was the greatest 
person who ever walked upon 
the earth and he pai'took of the 
human that we might partake 
of the divine ; as the Son of God, 
He became the Son of man, that 
we, the sons of men, might be- 
come the sons of God. 

The Bible which has been de- 
scribed as the story of God's 
search for man reveals God's 
missionary purpose and plan. 
Man cannot search the Scriptur- 
es and ignore the missionary 
ideas in the Old Testament nor 
the missionaiy heart of the New 
Testament. There can be no tnie 
learning of the Word without 
participation; there is no mis- 
sion without involvement. If we 
are in agreement with the Bible 
we must obey and take the 
knowledge of God to all nations 

and people. Missions is a ma 
for eveiy Christian. 

There is no Biblical basis i 
distinguish "home" and "fc 
eign" missions for the churci 
however, through the history • 
establishing mission work ov( 
seas and supporting the woi 
we have used the terai Wot 
Missions when referring to 1 1 
work beyond the boundai-ies ,■ 
the States. In the month | 
April there is definite empha!^ 
on our outreach to the establis i 
ed mission work in Argentii 
and Nigeria for World Mission 

Our involvement in Nigeria \ 
eludes the support of three m 
sionary families and contrit 
tion towai'd the field work I 
which we participate with tl 
Church of the Brethren. Hard 
and Shirley Bowers, short4e;. 
missionaries, will continue ' 
their work as Business Agf '■ 
and Administrative Assistant i 
the Field Secretary, respecti • 
ly until June of this yeai\ Lai ' 
and Rose Bolinger ai'e located ; | 
Mbororo Station where Bob ; 1 1 
Bea Bischof served. Dick ^ I 
Kitty Winfield have just sett i 
at Kulp Bible School where tl 
both will be involved in teach ; 
Nigerian men and women. I 

We have four missionary c - j 
pies serving the Argentina fi ' , 
involved in the evangelical v-i 


rch 30, 1968 

Page Five 

3S through pastoral duties, 
iching, camping program and 
)perating with other denomin- 
ons in the radio ministry 
own as CAVEA. Kenneth and 
innette Solomon will be on 
flough this year, Raymond 
pinall will be on the staff at 
; Bible Institute, William Cur- 
continues his pastoral work 
the Cordoba Chureh as they 
'olve in a new building pro- 
im and John Rowsey contin- 
3 to serve as a technician in 
5 radio studios at Buenos Air- 
for CAVEA. 
rhe World Mission Budget for 

the 1%7-1968 fiscal year- is $113, 
000 which was set up to handle 
the necessaiy known expenses 
for our work in foreign areas. 
For an on-going missionary pro- 
gram and accepting responsibil- 
ity for the divine purpose which 
is so clearly set forth, our needs 
are far beyond this figure. 
Churches and individuals who 
are aware of their relation to 
God and the world will be happy 
to increase their giving by 10% 
for the projected foreign mission 
program. The shai'e of our mon- 
ey spent on missions is a mea- 
sure of our love for Clu'ist. 



$ 113,000 


THERE is a great need for ad- 
ditional workers in the 
mission fields. God expects the 
complete stewai'dship of our 
lives, offering our experience, 
knowledge and time for His 

If you ai'e a dedicated and 
committed Christian you surely 
want to share your Christian ex- 
perience and faith with others 
in the world. As you honestly 
peer into the utter darkness of 
lives without Jesus Christ and 
His Church, can you possibly 
imagine what life would be like 
without the Gospel? Suppose 
you were without the blessings 

which are yours through faith 
in Him? 

You can strengthen the min- 
istry of the chui'ch around the 
world by your service and wit- 
ness. Have you thought albout 
letting God use your life? Don't 
be afraid to ask Him, "What do 
You want me to do?" 

The doors are wide open to- 
day for evangelism which is a 
cause for rejoicing. Qualified 
personnel is needed in many es- 
sential areas. Have you consid- 
ered the possibility of short- 
term or a life-time work? Be 
sensitive to the Spirit's prompt- 
ing and prayerfully consider this 
high calling for service. 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangelii 



uary 30 arrived with the 
arrival of M. Virgil Ingraham, 
General Secretaiy, on his second 
visit to Argentina. Interest was 
high among all the pastors of 
the Brethren Church in Argen- 
tina and early in the afternoon 
the Rivero family, Pastor Ar- 
regin and the Rowsey family all 
piled into the Jeep and dashed 
off to the International Airport. 
The plane was late in arriving 
so we all received good sunburns 
in addition to almost being 
swept away by the wind while 

Finally the big Alitalia swept 
out of the skies and there he 
was coming out of the plane! 
All of us crowded close to the 
big windows of the customs 
while he made his way through 
into a big Argentine embrace 
and also welcome kisses from 
the Pastors. 

We all got packed into the 
Jeep along with the baggage and 
made the hour's trip to Nunez. 
We were all happy to discover 
that Reverend Ingraham remem- 
bered his Spanish he had learned 
during his last visit. Therefore, 
my translation was lai'gely one 
way; that is, English to Spanish, 
as he understood the Spanish di- 

Early the next moniing Pas- 
tors Rivero and Arregin, Virgil 
Ingraham and myself left for 
Camp Diquecito in the hills of 
Cordoba in Pastor Rivero's tiny 
Renault. After stops in several 
churches for meals and an over- 
night's sleep we pulled into the 
camp nearing the time of com- 

pletion of the family camp ses- 
sion. There we left Virgil to the 
care of others to begin his sec- 
ond administrative visit to Ar- 
gentina but which from the en- 
thusiasm displayed will also be 
a visit of love as he represents 
the Brethren Church in the 
States to the Brethren Church 
in Argentina. May the Lord 
bless this visit and use it for a 
closer communion between the 
churches located so far apart. 

Virgil Ingraham being greeted at the Buenos Aires A 
part, (left to right) Regina Rowsey, Pastor Arreg 
Virgil Ivtrraham, Pastors Rivero and Ortiz. 

larch 30, 1968 

Page Seven 





T IS SUMMER in Argentina and summer means camp- 
time in tlie liills of Cordoba. Tomas Mulder, director 
f this year's Youth Camp, made this report in the Testi- 
p Field: 

"The 1968 Youth Camp was marvelous^ as each camper 
ould confirm. From the very first day we could see 
lat the Lord had prepared for us a camp year filled 
ith blessings. We had to be pliable each day to the will 
f God and every event presented itself wonderfully as 
,>mething from the providence of God. The companion- 
lip was the key to the whole success of the camp and 
jich camper discovered that it was more beautiful to 
live than to receive so gave himself to the Lord so that 
U was governed and guided by the Holy Spirit. 
, Pastors Vartanian and Ortiz and Dr. Jalil were used 
5 miraculous instruments in the hand of God. There 
ere conversions, consecrations and re-consecrations but 
le most beautiful for me was the decision of two youths 
) enter Eden Bible Institute." 

Adriana Powell, a great-granddaughter of Dr. Yoder, 
lute this description of camp to a friend: 
"I have a whole pile of experiences to tell you; I'm 
jing to have you crazy for a month. Camp was rare 
lis year, something different but beautiful. There was 
J constant horseplay but enough to give a note of 
;althy happiness. Neither were there long faces and 
.'er-serious false saints, but rather a perfectly wonder- 
il spiritual atmosphere. The Lord was with us all the 
me, even while we were playing volley ball. It was 
mply stupendous." 

Reverend Virgil Ingraham visited Camp Diquecito 
lis year and shared in experiences similar to these. 
— Translated by H. Raymond Aspinall 

Rev. Virgil Ingraham on administrative visit to Arr/entina 
ivith Rev. Bill Curtis at Camp Diquecito. 

Page Eight 

The Brethren Evangelid 



As I CLIMBED along with John^ I wondered to my- 
self, "What will I find up here on this mountain?" 
Several months before I had been asked to visit these 
churches in order to determine whether they were strong 
enough to leave their mother church, Moda, and form a 
new church. 

The day had been hot and now the sun was casting 
long, cool shadows as John and I climbed. John was a 
Kulp Bible School leaver who worked among the out- 
villages of the Moda Church and he had volunteered to 
take me to the village of Till Dou. The climb was steep 
and we rested often. During one of these short breaks, 
I looked up to see some men climbing with loads on their 
heads. When I saw the size of their loads, I became 
ashamed of my panting. 

As we reached the top, we saw the village of Kafamiya 
ahead of us. The compounds were built on different 
levels, the stone walls were built so that no mortar was 
needed. Small garden plots for guinea corn or peppers 
were rimmed by tall cactus to keep out the sheep and 
goats. I could tell there was an abundance of water for 
there were many tall trees scattered throughout the 

We left Kafamiya behind and entered a valley that 
looked like something from a science fiction movie on 
the moon. There were huge black rocks ten to fifteen 
feet in diameter everywhere on the sides of the valley and 
barely room for a path on the level. It looked like can- 
non balls had been strewn belter skelter. I was amazed 
to see that even here there were small farm plots. There 
was no wasted space which wasn't farmed, but I wonder- 
ed what it could produce for such labor. 

The sun had disappeared as we reached Till. We were 
allowed to rest and were given tea and rice with chicken 
and gravy. We met with a large group of people and 
we talked about their needs and questions. Afterwards, 
a few men returned with us to the home of the C.R.I.* 
and we talked late into the night. 

As some of the men got up to leave, one young man 
drew close to me. He spoke quietly; his eyes told me 
more than his words ever could. His words were simple 
but carried great weight. He showed me the Hausa Bible 
and said, "I want to serve Christ_ but I cannot read this 
book. I want to know so much more about God, but I 
cannot understand these words. I want to help others 
to know about Jesus, but I do not know how to teach 
them without using this Bible." 

His words struck me with great force! This man was 
really anxious to serve Christ. He was willing, but not 
able! He was struggling with a problem that keeps 
most of his brothers from really knowing Christ. It was 
an awakening for him, but - - it was an awakening for 
me, also! 

I had come to this land to preach and teach the words 
of Christ to help strengthen the church. I had climbed 



the mountain that day to discuss church organizatio 
but this young man spoke the words that I have sini 
heard repeated many times. His words and eyes ha\ 
burned into my mind. I know I can never really 1 
satisfied with my work until I have grappled with th 
problem. ' 

Literacy is one of the greatest needs of this area, pe^ 
haps it is true of all the area in Lardin Gabas**. Tl 'j 
church will not leave a lasting impression upon the livl 
of people until it opens to them the wealth of the print* S 
page as eulminted in the Scriptures. i 

Yes, I viewed the awakening of that young man to tl tl 
work of Christ, but I in turn was awakened to a whcS 
new field of work. 

- C.R.I. - Outvillage worker 
* Lardin Gabas-Nigerian Church 

arch 30, 1968 

Page Nine 



WOULD like to share with you these thoughts about 

the work of the church in Lardin Gabas in the light 

the work among the Higi people. 

The outvillage worker is the key figure of the church 
jrk in Lardin Gabas for the responsibility of instruc- 
)n, counseling and preaching rests on him. He beai's 
any heavy burdens such as that of finance. On the 
erage he is in his early twenties with a new marriage 
lich means he is burdened with a family and a large 
ide-price. The bride-price is paid to bind the marriage 
tween the family of the groom and the bride's family; 
often reaches 80 - 100 pounds in our area. One hundred 
unds is roughly equivalent to $280. This is a vast sum 

money considering that the hill farmer may receive 

to $50 for his crops in a year. 

He is further hindered by a lack of education. This 
in can barely read and most have never been in school, 
t some have had instruction in literacy classes in 
lusa. They must read God's Word in the trade langu- 
e of Northern Nigeria which is Hausa. Perhaps this 
uld be equivalent to an American reading all religious 
rature in Latin or Greek with nothing in English e.\- 
3t one or two Sunday School books. Mrs. Robert 
ichof (missionary in Nigeria for 13 years) worked 
rd and translated the instruction books for the baptism 
i covenant classes, but this is the extent of literature 
the vernacular which is available to the outvillage 

Jecause of this, the outvillage worker (C.R.I.) tends to 
ert to those passages he has memorized as he preach- 
He is limited in being able to get new material for 
ministry. As he is faced with the problem of con- 
ning these baffling new concepts in the context of fa- 
liar cultural patterns^ he tends to seek the simple 
iwers which can be incorporated in a set of rules or 
.'S. He desires strongly that these become codified in 
ler that all the people can be taught them. Tlien as 
would refer to these rules, all the people would know 
was speaking the truth and not only his own thoughts, 
le is further hampered in his work by a cultural pat- 
n which teaches that experience breeds understanding 
i knowledge thus the older men are those who teach 
assume responsible places in the community. Thus the 
C1.I. hoping to plant the seeds of the gospel in the vil- 
1. e where he lives finds that few respect him, only the 
vmen and children listen. He can not seem to find the 
s )port he needs in the village for his strange religion. 

1 gropes and struggles against these hinderances in an 
= 'empt to overcome them for Christ and inadvertently 

takes authority that is not vested in him by the elders. 

feels keenly the resistance of his culture, centered 

-itly in the older people, thus he often tends to leave 

courtesy he was taught from birth. It is not all his 

It, for all this counti-y is caught in violent changes. 

t-anges are being imposed by the government, and by 

new roads and means of travel and by new products and 
new contacts. The missionary has brought many new 
ideas and ways of doing things. The school has come and 
the markets on the roads have vastly grown. Perhaps 
the market has produced an even greater effect of 
change than the schools on the lives of the village people 
of our area. 

In the midst of all these factors, the outvillage worker 
labors to help his people to know the good news of 
Christ's coming. He is determined, energetic, and willing 
to work for Christ; let us pray for his needs and the 
people with whom he labors. 

Perhaps as confusing for the C.R.I., as the above 
factors, are the changes which are taking place in the 
teaching and structure of the church of Lardin Gabas. 
The church is working hard to find ways to train these 
men in the outviUages. Kulp Bible School near Mubi 
was built for this purpose and, in the opinion of the 
writer is doing a marvelous work by providing excellent 
instruction in the fields of agriculture, general Bible 
knowledge, and preaching. This is the place where the 
Winfields will teach and live. At present, it is supported 
mostly by the home churches, but Lardin Gabas is slowly 
assuming more responsibility for it. This is a good sign. 
Because it is evident that Kulp Bible School cannot meet 
the needs of the church fast enough for its rapid growth, 
another plan has been conceived. An In-Service-Leader- 
ship Training program has been started; as yet it lacks 
definition of purpose and program. It might be called 
an extension program which hopes to reach those of 
training (teachers, government workers, K.B.S. leavers, 
etc.) and those in the outvillages. I believe such a pro- 
gram can have far-reaching effects on the nature of the 
work of the church in the near future by equipping both 
those of training and those of interest for the work of 
winning people to Christ. 

Some of the other changes in Lardin Gabas are struct- 
ural. The rapid growth of the church from Mubi north 
to Gwoza has necessitated the division of the district into 
6 units (gundumas) instead of 3. The preparation to give 
all of them equal representation in the government of 
Lardin Gabas is a soul-searching job for old structures 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelist 

are difficult to replace and the leadership difficult to 
train. From figures just received, the membership of the 
district in 1957 was 3,273 and divided into 3 gundumas 
fairly equally with most national leaders drawn from 
the western (Bura) area which was evangelized first. 
Now in 1967, membership stood at 17,527 with it divided 
into 6 gundumas as of the year before with 12,293 mem- 
bers in 3 eastern gundumas. To attempt a complete 
transfer of leadership would be disastrous, but to pro- 
vide representation for each gunduma is urgently needed. 
How to accomplish both is the major problem the church 
faces today. 

With this growth of members has come the needed 
emphasis on an educated leadership and an influx of 

young trained men into the ministry has brought conflicj 
for traditional leaders. One result has been the decisioi 
by the elders' body to equalize the ordained pastor witt 
that of the elder and thus slowly eliminate the positioi 
of elder. This has come about for many reasons anf 
will bring opportunity for new thinking on the theologie 
al and practical problems which face Lardin Gabas. 

These changes in the polity and eventually the teach 
ings of Lardin Gabas should come as a result of the leacj 
ing of the Holy Spirit and it should produce a greatei 
zeal to present Christ in terms which would be undei, 
stood by all. Your prayers are coveted because ehangi 
always calls for adjustment. May we unite in seekinj 
God's power for the work which lies ahead. 



TN ORDER to tell you of the women's fellowship work, 
■*■ it is best to explain a little about the life of the women 
in the Higi area. 

Few of the women have had any schooling. There are 
not many that hear Hausa and even less who can read 
Hausa. The women work hard on their farms to raise 
crops to sell in the local market. They get such a small 
amount of money in return for the work they do. A farm 
may be a ten foot by ten foot patch of rozel or a half- 
acre plot of sesame, tiger nuts_ or peanuts. The rozel 
leaves have a sour flavor and are used in making a 
gravy. The sesame is raised for the seed. The tiger nuts 
are a small round root and taste something like coconut. 

Besides farming there are other ways the women get 
money; some cut firewood for sale. There are some local 
handicrafts that the women do such as decorating cala- 
bashes; making small round grass mats and clay water 
pots and cooking pots. Some women do a bit of work 
with brass. All of these products are then sold in the 

In describing the women's fellowship work, I must 
use Mbororo as an e.xample for I have not visited the 
other church when they were holding women's meet- 
ings. Yet, from discussions with the leaders I have found 
they all follow pretty much the same pattern. 

The women have a Bible study meeting every Sunday. 
Then during the dry season there are reading and sew- 
ing classes. The sewing and reading classes are held at 
Mbororo only. 

As a group, the women visit the sick whether or not 
they are members of the church. They also visit new- 
mothers and call when there has been a death in the 

Every year the women plant a farm, usually peanuts 
and beans, then the proceeds are put in their treasury. 
This usually augments their meager offerings. 

The reading classes are often a real frustration be- 
cause of all the different levels of learning ability com- 
bined in one group. Of those who attend, one-third hoar 

no Hausa while perhaps one-third hear and speak Hau.'i 
but cannot read and the last one-third can I'ead, but m 
well. The ones who can read insist that their class shou ; 
consist of reading from one of the Gospels. They al; 
think the class should meet all together at the same tim i 
Those who neither hear or speak Hausa do not real i 
learn reading but are only memorizing sentences ar ' 
added to this problem is the fact that some only con ,i| 
to every third class or so and are consequently far b ;-j 
hind. But the brighter side makes it well worthwhil j 
There are two or three women who are really learnii 1 
to read and not memorizing the sentences as a whole. l\ 

Before Christmas we were working on a sewing pri t' 
oct but I found it difficult because here again their i li 
terest span was so short, only 6 of 30 finished the work y 

Since there are a large number of men and their wivij 
returning from Kulp Bible School, I see many possihl 
ities for accomplishing things. I am hoping that the 
women will help to establish reading and sewing classi, 

Woineri decorating calabashes. 

rch 30, 1968 

Page Eleven 

all of the Higi churches in another year or two. While 
Kulp Bible School, these women attended classes 
ere they learned to read, sew, knit, crochet, embroider; 
■e for their children properly, prepare a variety of 
ds, and received instructions in Bible. These classes 
• meant 4:o prepare them to teach these things to the 
ler village women. 

had a meeting with the Kulp Bible School leavers' 
'es in February. They have all agreed to go to a vil- 
e other than their own one day a week to hold Bible 
dy for the women there. They are to let me know 
en they have started and how the classes are doing, 
turn, I hope to visit each village at least once each 
ir. If these go well, I want to encourage the women 
go ahead with reading or sewing classes, too. 
/Tany of the other areas have more advanced classes 
I even have work with the young girls. I think one 
the main reasons is because the schools have been in 
ir area so much longer and many times the women 
are the leaders are either school teachers or the 
'es of school teachers. This is especially true of the 
3ers in Girls Brigade, the work with girls, 
do hope to see a Girls Brigade begin this year at the 
da Church. The wife of the leader passed a training 
rse for this work while they were in the advanced 
5S at Kulp Bible School this past year, 
n February, we had a planning meeting for the Higi 
nen's gunduma which is the equivalent of a District 
Vt.S. Conference. I was pleased with the way the 

women leaders from the different churches participated 
in the planning of the gunduma. One of the things that 
pleased me most was their display of confidence in the 
capabilities of the Kulp Bible School leavers' wives. 
They selected two of them to give sermonettes and one 
to be in charge of the Sunday School program during the 
gunduma. The reason I'm so pleased with this is because 
usually the women have the feeling that they can't 
learn. They rarely listen to one another when they have 
their classes. However, they seem to feel that the Kulp 
Bible School leavers' wives have been away and really 
learned something. 

Three or four short courses are given at the gunduma 
each year. Those are usually teaching the Bible, Christ- 
ian home and family life, health and baby care and per- 
sonal spiritual life. 

The planning of the gunduma is that the women of 
the host church prepare the food and fix the sleeping 
areas, which are small grass mat enclosures. The women 
who come carry their sleeping mats, dish and cup on their 
heads and the latest baby on their backs. Some will come 
15 miles or so on foot with these loads. 

The women's work is a real challenge to me and I 
hope you will pray for me that I might have the patience 
that is needed and remember the young women who are 
now and will be later taking the responsibilities of lead- 
ership in the various churches. Pray that they will have 
the strength and courage needed to complete the work 
which faces them. 



(OURS have become days, days 
have become weeks, weeks 
[e become months, and now we 
J that we have spent almost a half 
ear in Nigeria, West Africa. Dur- 
these five and one-half months 
"Nigeria we have begun to become 
jstomed to many different exper- 
ts — to seeing people who live 
nud houses with grass roofs and 
r flowing garments (sometimes, 
e at all), to living in the midst 
a totally different culture, to 
iking but not being understood 
listening but not hearing and to 
ing no rain for six months and 
imer all year round. We say, we 
e begrun to become accustomed 
hese experiences, but still there 
nuch that is new, strange, and 
;rent — but fascinating and chal- 
;ing. As we write this article, we 
just completing a week of major 
isition in our term in Nigeria — 

a move from the Mbororo station to 
Kulp Bible School. 

Our stay at Mbororo was very in- 
teresting and usually quite pleasant. 

Kulp Bible School. 

Page Twelve 

The Brethren Evangeli 

Before coming to Nigeria, we had 
heard much of the Mbcjroro station 
where Bob and Bea Bischof, who are 
now serving as pastor and wife at 
our Huntington, Indiana, Brethren 
Church, spent several years of mis- 
sion service. During our time there, 
we resided in the "Bischof house." 
We think that this is significant in 
that it was through the influence of 
Reverend Bischof, while he was tea- 
ching at Ashland Theological Semin- 
ary, that we decided to come to Ni- 
geria. While at Mbororo, we had a 
close fellowship with Larry and Rose 
Bolinger and their family, the resi- 
dent missionaries on this station. The 
Bolingers and the Harold Bowers 
family in Jos have been the represen- 
tatives from The Brethren Church 
to our Nigerian mission work, and 
we have come to join them. 

Our period of orientation at Mbor- 
oro had three parts: (1) Learning 
about and adjusting to life in Niger- 
ia — both the way of life of the Ni- 
gerians themselves and the changes 
in our own routine of life. One of 
the things we needed to learn was 
to do without certain things^ such as 
supermarkets, telephones, regular 
mail service and other conveniences 
of American life. And yet, it is sur- 
prising how quickly one learns that 
many of these things, and even some 
of the so-called necessities of life, 
aren't so important after all. 

(2) Studying the Hausa language 
— trying to increase our ability to 
hear and speak this language, the 
main trade language of Northern 
Nigeria. During our time at Mbororo, 
we worked with two Hausa speakers 

Kill]) Bible Scliool Xiytricin sttitf yieeting the Winfieli 

— one a teacher in the Mbororo Pri- 
mary School (who, fortunately, knew 
English quite a bit better than we 
knew Hausa), and the other, a local 
church worker (who knew almost 
no English, but who helped us great- 
ly in spite of or perhaps of, this 

(3) Learning about the Nigerian 
church and its work, and the re- 
sponsibilities of the missionary 
churchman in relation to this church. 
Our teacher in this case was Larry 
Bolinger, and we traveled with him 
to various kinds of meetings in the 
different churches which are his re- 
sponsibility. During this time, we 
witnessed firsthand the great growth 
which is taking place in the Nigerian 
church, especially in the Higi tribal 
area where the Mbororo station is 
located. We also learned of the dirth 
of adequately prepared leadership 
among the Nigerians to direct this 
growing church. 

Dick and Kitty Winfield (center) being greeted by Har- 
old and Shirley Buwers upon their ati-ival last September 
in Jos. Nigeria. 

This brings us to our arrival tl 
week at Kulp Bible School. T 
school was built with the purpose 
training Nigerian leadership for 1 
Nigerian church. It offers a thr I 
year course of training in Bible a 
practical subjects, including bet i 
agricultural methods, to laymen a' 
their wives (three classes with tW' 
ty-five couples in each). Most 
these have had very little or no pr 
ious formal schooling of any kind, 
is hoped that these men and woir 
will return to their villages and tc 
responsible positions of lay leaders 
in the local churches. In additi , 
the school also offers a two year i 
vanced course for those who h: i 
completed the regular school ;|i 
show considerable promise. The i 
vanced course aims to prepare nv. 
and their wives for pastoral workil 

So, with our arrival at Kulp Biii 
School, our formal period of orier* | 
tion is over, although we still h*. 
much to learn. We join the schotj 
staff of three Nigerian couples j4 
a missionary couple and begin ft 
work of preparing for the school y r 
ahead. This preparation includes n- 
tinuing language study, getting f> 
tied in our new home, learning \t 
school routine and our responsi^ 
ties^ and most important, planrS 
the courses we will be teaching. Eh 
of us will have two courses to* 
taught in English, and two to * 
taught in Hausa. We are quite ^ 
thusiastic about the challenge of 'i, 
new life here, and believe that I 
work is in accord with Saint Pf' 
injunction to Timothy, and to us <1 
"teach others the things which f 
and many witnesses have heard c 
speak about. Teach these g '' 
truths to trustworthy men who '. , 
in turn, pass them on to others.' I 


arch 30, 1968 

Page Thirteen 


Revelation 9:1-21 

Part XXIV 


"CHAPTER 9 provides us with one of tlie most sym- 
^ bolic sections of the entire book of Revelation, con- 
luing the description of the horrors of the Great Tribu- 
:ion Period, and coming under the general category of 
e seven trumpet-judgments. Chapter 8 mentions the 
St four of these judgments (hail and fire mingled with 
x>d, a great mountain burning with fire, the falling 
ir called "Wormwood," and the blacking out of \'z of 
e solar system). And yet, as great and terrible as these 
igments seem to be, verse 13 of chapter 8 implies that 
ese are merely preliminary to even greater judgments 
follow. This vei-se speaks of three more such trumpet- 
igmcnts, in terms of three terrible woes: Woe, woe, 
)e, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other 
ices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet 
sound!" These "woes" seem to indicate the severity 
these judgments of God, which seem to grow more in- 
nse as the tribulation period draws nearer to an end. 
Chapter 9 deals primarily with the fifth and sixth 
dgments and contains prophecies of the most dreadful 
ibolical activity which has ever taken place on this 
rth. Such is pictured as being unleashed upon a most 
bellious and unrepentant race of men (20, 21) and 
mes to us in very strange symbolisms. Such symbo- 
ms demand our most careful attention and certainly 
ed to be considered as sensibly as possible. There 
ight not be any dogmatic pronouncements or wild 
ghts of imagination as one seeks to discover the truth 
hind the various imageries being presented. It seems 
lat the best approach here, as in other such studies, 
to first try and determine what such symbols and 
lageries meant to John and to those to whom he was 
riting. This means that we must think in terms of Old 
fstament prophecies which also used similar symbo- 
,ms. It also means that we must keep in mind the 
pies in which John was writing, and seek to relate these 
jssages to that particular period. Only then do we have 
I right to ask the Holy Spirit of God to re-apply these 
jmbols and imageries to our own day and in the light 
; true end-time events. 

With these thoughts in mind, then, let us look most 
refully to John's description of these fifth and sixth 
umpet-judgments, better understood, in the light of 
13, as the first and second of the three end-time trum- 
t woes. 

le fifth truinpet-judKiiient (the first "woe"). 
Verses 1-12 cover the fifth trumpet-judgment, which 
50 comes under the first of the three "woes" of 8:13. 
begins with a picture of the fifth angel sounding and 
star falling (actually "had fallen") from heaven to 
e earth. Keeping in mind that in the Old Testament 

prophecies, stars sometimes are personified, we best are 
able to understand this present "star" as a person or, 
at least, a personality. To such was given a key with 
which he was able to open the bottomless pit (2). A 
few expositors consider this "star" as Christ Himself, 
while many believe that this best represents Satan. 
Strauss quotes Jesus' words to His disciples in Luke 
10:18 where he says: "I beheld Satan as lightning fall 
from heaven," and then makes the following observa- 
tion: "By this He meant, I feel certain, the fall of Luci- 
fer from heaven, through which he became Satan (Isai- 
ah 14:12-15). If we are interpreting Scripture reference 
with Scripture reference correctly, then there seems to be 
little doubt that the 'star' is Satan, the great enemy of 
God and man, and that the reference in Revelation 9:1 
is to his original fall" (The Book of the Revelation, pp. 
188, 189.) 

This present author would concur with Strauss that 
this "star" does best seem to represent Satan, but the 
present context would seem to make the actual fall as 
prophetic of the aftermath of the warfare in heaven 
mentioned in Revelation 12:7-9, where we see the devil 
(Satan) cast out into the earth, "probably at the begin- 
ning of the great tribulation (terminating) the ability 
of Satan to accuse the brethren in heaven as he has 
been doing through previous ages. The first verse of 
chapter 9 does not record the fall itself, but rather the 
star is seen as already fallen from heaven to the earth" 
(Walvoord, The Revelation of Jesus Christ, pp. 158, 159). 

The mention, in verse 2, of the bottomless pit seems to 
symbolize the nether-world of demonic spirits, and per- 
haps alludes to Jude 6 where we read: "And the angels 
which kept not their first estate, but left their own 
habitation, He hath reserved in everlasting chains under 
darkness unto the judgment of the great day." The total 
picture in verses 1 and 2, then, seems to prophesy a day 
when, after being cast out of heaven (Rev. 12:7-9), 
Satan will be allowed of God to unlock this prison house 
of demons, which will result in evil spirits being released 
to inflict horrible torments upon unrepentant mankind. 

Merril C. Tenney makes a most interesting application 
of this scene: "God can use His adversary, the devil, as 
a means of His judgments. The star fallen from heaven 
reminds one of Jesus' words: 'I beheld Satan as light- 
ning fallen from heaven' (Luke 10:18). He was 'given 
the key of the abyss,' which means that he did not 
originally have it within his control. By the permission 
of God he is allowed the freedom to release his forces 
and to infest the world with them. If men choose wick- 
edness rather than virtue they must accept the results 
accompanying it. They cannot yield to Satan's tempta- 

Page Fourteen 

The Brethren Evanga 

tions without coming under his domination. The deadly 
tyranny of sin destroys its victims, leaving them neither 
pleasure nor liberty. 

"Satan is the leader and embodiment of those evil 
powers. He is the hidden force behind the world's ca- 
tastrophes, the inspirer of wars and the cause of death. 
The Scriptures unmask him by describing his character, 
and by revealing his methods of operation" (The Book 
of Revelation, in Proclaiming The New Testament, Vol. 
V, p. 47). 

The picture presented in verse 2ff. is that of all "hell" 
being let loose and allowed to run rampant throughout 
all the world afflicting the ungodly with unprecedented 
pain and suffering. Verses 2-11 especially speaks of this 
diabolical activity in terms of demonic spirits encompas- 
sing the earth as a great horde of locusts hiding the 
very light of the sun and stifling the very air to be 
breathed. John, no doubt here, is using the very language 
of the prophet Joel who pictured invasions of the enemy 
in terms of great locust plagues which would instill fear 
into the hearts and minds of his people. Both Joel and 
John understood such invasions as the very judgments 
of God upon man because of his rebellion and sin. Here, 
however, such an invasion is not that of human enemies 
but rather that of the very demons of hell! 

It does not seem likely that John expected his readers 
to take the actual pictures presented in a literal sense. 
The fact tliat the vegetation is spared while men are 
left to suffer affliction reveals beyond doubt that this 
is not a literal locust invasion (which would only afflict 
the vegetation). Also, the description of these "locusts" 
defies a literal interpretation. Verse 7 pictures them 
as shaped like horses prepared for battle, which prob- 
ably implies that this demon invasion shall be fierce and 
swift and with an irrisistable force and power. The men- 
tion of the crowns of gold upon their heads would imply 
their ability to go forth conquering everything that would 
stand in their way (the crown of gold being the crown 
of a victor). Perhaps the mention of their faces being 
as the faces of men might imply demon possession within 
human bodies — or^ more likely, it might suggest their 
ability to go forth as cool, calculating and confident as 
the most cunning of earth's kings or generals. 

Verse 8 speaks of their hair "as the hair of women," 
and of their teeth as "the teeth of lions." This may im- 
ply the seducing and inticing affect upon man which will 
end in their being devoured by the ferocity of these de- 
monic designs. Verse 9 speaks of their breastplates "as 
it were breastplates of iron," which could imply the in- 
destructability of such creatures by any natural means. 
The further mention that the sound of their wings "was 
as the sound of chariots of many horses running to bat- 
tle" seems to picture this demonic invasion as more awe- 
some than any earthly invasion ever known to man. In- 
deed, verso 11 speaks of the commander of such an in- 
vasion as the very "angel of the bottomless pit, whose 
name in the Hebrew is Abaddon (destruction), but in the 
Greelc tongue hath his name ApoUyon (destroyer)." 
This could be none other than Satan who heads up this 
diabolical invasion of earth during the closing days of 
this great tribulation. 

Verse 10 pictures these demons as having tails "like 
unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails." 
Verses 3 and 5 also speak of the suffering inflicted 
upon the ungodly as similar to that of scorpions. The 
additional information in verses 5 and 6 of the torment 

lasting five months and of men not being able to 
further points out the horrible torment which shall 
visited upon mankind — a torment more horrible 
painful than any ever visited upion man before. Th'i 
will be a judgment of God which is especially fitted & 
the time of the end of this present age. 

It is interesting to note further that verse 4 implit 
that only the ungodly shall suffer these terrible pu 
ishments and that all of God's elect viall be super-natu 
ally protected. This could speak of a similar situatic 
as that known of Israel during the time of the t( 
plagues on Egypt when God supernaturally protected H 
elect (cf. Exodus 8:22; 9:4; 9:26, etc.). Or, it may imp 
that by the time of the actual outpouring of the lai 
three trumpet-judgments, all of God's elect will alreat 
be translated into heaven (these events being und€ 
stood as coming at the very close of the great tribul 

It may be that the Apostle John had especially 
mind the Parthian threat from across the Euphrates 
a threat which caused even the Roman Empire to tremb| 
because of their tremendous cavalry and other fori^ 
of weaponry. It could well be that John looked for (3^ 
to send final judgment upon Rome by meams of a gref 
Parthian invasion — as that of a massive locust invasid 
upon the land (the "locusts" in this case being t 
Parthian horses amd their riders — fulfilling much 
the description given in verses 7-9). 

We, however^ understand these symbolisms as repii 
sentative of the horrible end-time catastrophies whit, 
God will allow Satan to unleash upon all the ungod| 
during the closing days of the tribulation. Such will i, 
suit in such supernatural and demonic suffering a 
sorrow that all men wall cry to die but yet will fi: 
themselves unable to do the same (6). And yet, — tl 
is but the first of the last three of trumpet-woes: "0 
woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes mo 
hereafter" ('2). 
The sixth trumpet- judgment (the second "woe"). 

The fifth and sixth trumpet judgments seem to if 
mediately follow one the other. Thus, after John's \'isi 
of the events making up the fifth trumpet-judgme 
(first "woe"), he hears the sixth angel sound his tru 
pet, followed by a voice "from the four horns of the go 
en altar which is before (3od" (13). Here again heav 
is described in terms of the earthly tabernacle a 
temple, with the main focus of attention placed up 
the altar of incense. As we noted in chapter 8, tl 
altar is the scene of the offering of incense with t 
prayers of the saints (note especially 8:3). This seei' 
to imply that these judgments are "partially an answ 
to the prayers of the persecuted saints on earth and 
token of divine response and preparation for their i 
liverance" (Walvoord, op. cit., p. 164). 

The voice which is heard from the four horns of t 
golden altar se?ems to be the voice of God (or I 
Christ) speaking in sovereignty and authority to t! 
sixth angel and telling him to "Loose the four angi 
which are bound in the great river Euphrates" (1' 
There is a difference of opinion among expositors as 
just whom these angels might be. It seems most like 
however, that they are fallen angels, for, there is 
instance in Scripture where holy angels are so ■ 
scribed. Jude 6 does mention that some of the wick 
angels are so bound. Also, we will note in chapter 20 tl 
Satan himself shall be bound for a thousand years. 

Page Fifteen 

lay be that these evil angels will inspire a great in- 
asion of the Palestinian area by hordes of Orientals. 
Dhn may have again had the Parthian invaders in 
lind as he wrote. We, however, would think more in 
!rms of the iVIiddle East nations (Egypt, Syria, Leban- 
ti, Jordan^ etc.)^ and, perhaps, even China, India, Ja- 
an and other far Eastern countries joining in the at- 
ick. Wff-do know that God's Word is most clear con- 
^rning the last battles of history taking place in this 
rea bounded by the Nile and Euphrates^ and in the 
ght to today's events, it seems most likely that the 
me of the loosing of these angels is at hand. 

Verse 15 gives us another insight into the workings 
f God among men and angels, for, it tells us that He 
as prepared these four angels "for an hour, and a day, 
nd a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of 
len." Strauss comments on this verse by declaring: 
3od has a program, and it is being carried out on 
;hedule. Christian, give God time! He will bring His 
Ian to pass. The world's mightiest armies, with god- 

ss men at their head, will be pupi>ets in the hands of 
Imighty God. God holds the reins of governments in 
:is own hand" (op. cit., p. 195). 

Walvoord also comments on this^ in these words: 
Though the agency of men is used to accomplish the 
jrpose of God, the time schedule is determined by 
od, not man, and even angels execute God's will in 
od's time" (op. cit., p. 165). 

It is most assuring to know, in this day of great un- 
;st among nations, that God holds the world in His 
and and that nothing shall come to pass but that He 

ther orders it or at least allows it to happen. Indeed, 
is most thrilling to read the morning's headlines in 
le light of this truth — and to know that God is work- 
ig out His eternal purposes in all of these events trans- 
iring between men and nations. 

The latter part of verse 15 mentions that this particu- 
ir judgment will result in the greatest destruction of 
len ever to take place upon this earth since the time 
E the flood. Earlier in this book we read of the fourth 
?-al judgment which resulted in a fourth of the earth's 
opulation being slain. Here, however, the number is 
x)ken of as a third part of men to be slain (also verse 

Verses 16-19 mention the method used by these four 
'icked angels in accomplishing the destruction of these 
len — an immense army of 200,000,000 horsemen. Their 
'eapons are fire, smoke^ and brimstone — weapons of 
ell but also the very emblems of God's pre-determined 
urpose. Whether or not the actual number of horse- 
len are to be considered literally, the picture here is 
ne of massive hordes of invaders with tremendous mili- 
iry potential, as evidenced in the destruction of a third 
art of mankind. 

The terms "horses," "lions," and "serpents" seem to 
nply a most deadly form of warfare. The added infor- 
lation, in verses 17-19, (which tells us that these horse- 
len had "breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brim- 
tone" and that out of the mouths of the horses "issued 
ire and smoke and brimstone" . . . for their power is in 
heir mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like 
nto serpants, and had heads and with them they do 
urt") implies mechanical warfare, known only in more 
lodern times. Certainly the language here does not fit 
1 with anything known to John. Rather^ it reads like 
anks and planes and guns and seems to prophesy God's 

employment of men and modern means of war to ful- 
fill His pre-determined judgments upon men and nations 
during the closing days of the tribulation. We only need 
to consider the potential destructions of an atomic and 
hydrogen war to see how up-to-date these descriptions 
of mass destruction, both of vegetation and of human 
beings, really are. It is the feeling of this present author 
that God has allowed modern man to discover such 
terrible means of destruction as the very prelude to the 
outpouring of these tribulation judgments. 

In conclusion. 

Verses 20 and 21 present us a most tragic commen- 
tary on the human race. Here we learn that even with 
the outpouring of these most terrible of tribulation judg- 
ments, men still will refuse to repent of their sins and 
will even turn more vehemently to the worship of "dev- 
ils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, 
and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor 
walk." Along with their continued worship of devils and 
idols, they are also pictured, in verse 21, as continually 
engaged in murders, sorceries, fornication and thefts. 
These two verses, then, present us with a graphic de- 
scription of man completely enslaved to his own passions 
and pride — with no God, no conscience, and no hope of 
escape! Thus, this chapter proceeds on a terribly sad 
note. It tells us that there is a day coming when men 
will be subjected to demonic suffering and pain such as 
the world has never known. It also tells us that such 
will result in the mass slaying of at least a third of the 
earth's population in a terrible warfare, such as the 
world has never seen. And, yet, it tells us also that man 
will have no inclination to repent of his sinful ways 
and to turn to God (evidently, the last tribulation saints 
will have already been translated into heaven). Cer- 
tainly, these last two verses of chapter 9 show us a ter- 
rible picture of human depravity! 

D. T. Niles makes a most interesting observation^ at 
this point, which is worthy of our attention: "And yet 
men repented not! In the face of judgment they felt 
qualms of conscience but no true desire for amendment 
of life; even when overwhelmed with terror they sought 
escape in hysterical religionism rather than in real pen- 
itence. They continued worshipping demons or idols, and 
working violence upon one another. 

The sin of man is of two kinds: sin against God and 
sin against man. The sin against God consists in the 
worship of the work of one's hands. These may be either 
those powers (like humanity, family, race, nation, state, 
church, economic order) which have a right over the 
human spirit, but in exalting (them) to godhead, men 
make them demons; or these may be those things (like 
wealth, position, power, influence, security) which men 
turn into idols, their substitutes for God. Sin against 
man consists in violence done to another's body — 
murder; or to another's mind — sorcery; or to another's 
soul — sexual vice; or to another's property — theft. 
But from all sin God demands repentance, and still waits 
for it" (As Seeing the Invisible, p. 68). 

This chapter, however, makes it very clear that God 
will not wait forever. Thus, let us flee from the wrath 
to come — while there is still time, and while we still 
have an inclination for the same. (Sod's patience will 
not endure forever. Time certairily seems to be fast 
running out. Let us, then, take advantage of His mercy 
— while He still calls! 

Page Sixteen 

The Brethren EvangelM 

Evening Walks with Jesus 



Text: Mark 1:21-34; 2:1-12 

Part VIM 



LAST WEEK we walked with Jesus along the shores 
of the beautiful, blue Galilee where Jesus called 
Peter and Andrew, James and John from their worI< as 
fishers of fish to become fishers of men. From this time 
on these men became His constant companions and disci- 
ples. They travelled with Jesus up and down the land 
learning about the Kingdom of God and the love of 
God; learning about the grace of God and how all of 
God's plans were centered and would be consummated 
in the person of Jesus. 

Tlie day Jesus called these men must have been a 
Friday, for we find that they returned to Capernaum and 
went into the synagogue on the Sabbath Day. The Sab- 
bath began at the setting of the sun on Friday and was 
announced by three blasts of the trumpet from the 
roof of the synagogue. This was a sign for all secular 
work to cease and for the people to light the Sabbath 
candle in evei-y home and keep it lit throughout the 

Jesus and His disciples attended the service in the 
synagogue. There is a statement found in Luke 4:16 
that tells us something important about Jesus and how 
He would relate to the institutional church today. It 
says there that He went up to worship in the synagogue 
on the Sabbath as His custom was. Irregardless of 
wliat men say about the institutional church and its 
failures today, we can learn from Jesus' attendance at 
the synagogue that if He lived among us, He would at- 
tend church regularly. Many say the church is not 
what it ought to be, and excuse their absense from its 
services. The "chui-ch" of Jesus' day was not what it 
ought to be (He criticized many of the practices openly), 
yet He attended the services regularly. 

Following the service, Jesus went to Simon Peter's 
house. This evening I would like to center our attention 
upon two events that took place in this home. Before 
we do so however, we may comment on the fact that 
Peter had a house — a home and a mother-in-law, and 
a wife (or at least he had had one) and, according to 
Clement of Ale.xandcria, he also, like Phillip, had chil- 
dren, although we know nothing about them. I men- 
tion this because the Roman Catholic Church today is 

wrestling with the problem of the Church's demanc 
that its clergy practice celebacy and the strength of th 
teaching rests upon the church's claim that Peter, tl 
patriarch of them all, was not married. I've often wo ^ 
dered how a man could get a mother-in-law without ev\i 
having a wife. 

Peter's house must have been sizable, for he not on J 
took Jesus home for Sabbath dinner, he also took A j 
drew, James and John with him. In other words, whi j 
most homes of the day were small, one story type homt | 
yet Peter's home was at least large enough to have I 
number of persons to dinner. The second happenii \ 
which we shall consider this evening will reveal that 8 l 
parently quite a few people could get inside the house, j 

When Jesus and His disciples arrived in the home, th ] 
discovered that Peter's mother-in-law had been strick' J 
with a fever. As we study the Greek, we discover thi 
Matthew says she was "lying bed-ridden — stretchij) 
out;" Mark graphically says she was "prostrate withi(J 
burning fever;" and Luke, the physician, adds that 
was a "great fever," This wasn't just a migrain, on; 
feverish cold. She appears to have been very ill. Bi 
as J. W. Sheperd says: "One prayerful request frc:;: 
the family of the afflicted and her friends was sufficien ■( 
Jesus stood over her as a kindly, sympathizing physicifjJ 
tenderly touched her hand and rebuked the raging fevC''i 
and it left her at once!" The touch of the Master's hajjlj 
caused the ache and the fever to depart. The touch lei 
the Master's hand communicated strength and vigWi 
There was not time needed for recuperation. She arol^j 
ininiediately and ministered unto them ! She helped in 
get dinner ready that very day! llj 

Whether in the synagogue, or in the midst of 1'rr( 
crowds in the street, or in the quietness of the hort;^ 
Jesus is ready and able to heal! Many homes today ne'J-. 
the ministry of Jesus to disperse restless and fever^' 
spirits that prevail and threaten the peace and serenj 
of the home. i 

As the word gets around, great throngs gather bri • 
ing their sick and lame and demon possessed for heali :■ 
What a pictm-e we ha\'e here of Jesus standing in i 
door of Peter's home as the sun sets behind the Galilef 8 



arch 30, 1968 , 

Us, healing all those brought to Him regardless of their 
■fliction. There is no healing line! No screening of those 
quiring healing as is often the case with the so-called 
aith healers" of today. There stands the Son of God 
ith "healing in His wings" and Matthew tells us that 
e healed them all! 
The following morning, before the sun is up, He retires 

a desert place to pray. Peter later finds Him there 
id says: "All are seeking thee." To His disciples, Jesus 
emed to be losing splendid opportunity to minister to 
e needs of the multitudes and to receive the glory of 
en. So His answer to Peter no doubt surprised them: 
jet us go elsewhere into other villages and cities that 
may preach there." Jesus fully understood His min- 
try, and if He was to carry it out, He must get away 
om the miracle-seeking multitudes and go to other 
aces. He put the preaching of the gospel of the King- 
>m first! Wliile His miracles were His credentials, 
ey were second in His mind and ministry! 
There is very little told about this first Galilean prea- 
ling tour. It began in prayer and it was a preaching, 
aching and healing ministry, but times and places are 
>t given. 
At the close of this tour Jesus returned to the home 

Simon Peter in Capernaum. "And again He entered 
to Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that 
i was in the house. And straightway many were gath- 
ed together, insomuch that there was no room to re- 
ive them, no, not so much as about the door: and He 
eached the word unto them" (Mark 2:1, 2). Luke adds 
e important information that the Pharisees and doe- 
rs were in the house sitting by listening. "And they 
me unto Him, bringing one sick of the palsy_ which 
IS borne of four. And when they could not come nigh 
ito Him because of the press, they uncovered the roof 
lere He was: and when they had broken it up, they 
t down the bed wherein the sick of the i)alsy lay. When 
sus saw their faith, He said unto the sick of the palsy, 
>n, thy sins be forgiven thee" (Mark 2:3-5). But the 
larisees and doctors sitting by listening, immediately 
led out. Blasphemy! Who can forgive sins but God! 
) Jesus said to the man again, "I say unto thee, arise, 
id take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house" 
/lark 2:11). And the man did as Jesus had commanded 
m, and the crowd was amazed and glorified God, and 
id, we never saw it on this fashion. This poor para- 
tic was stricken in both body and spirit. His heart 
as burdened with fear because of his sin and his body 
JS paralysed with disease. But there was repentance 

his heart and a look of faith in His eyes and Jesus 
et both his physical and spiritual needs! 
Jesus, the great Physician can heal the body! Jesus, 
e Son of God, can heal the soul! The Pharisees asked: 
Vho can heal sins but God only?" This was a declara- 
^e question implying an affirmative answer — that is, 
at no one but God can forgive sins; and they are 
?ht! Only God can forgive your sins! They also ac- 
ised Jesus of blasphemy, a charge that would "dog" 
m all His life and be used as a formal charge at the 
ials preceeding the crucifixion. Jesus had assumed 
vine prerogative to forgive sins. And, if He was not 
vine, then indeed He had blasphemed! But Jesus is 
e Son of God — He was God enfleshed! And this he- 
mes another great testimony to the Divinity of Jesus 
Jesus also uses here a veiled manner to declai-e his 

Page Seventeen 

messiahship. "But that ye may know that the Son of 
man hath power on earth to forgive sin, (he saith unto 
the sick of the palsy) I say unto thee, arise, and take 
up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house" (Mark 
2:10, 11). Who can forgive sins? Only God! But Jesus 
is God Incarnate! 

The effect on the people was remarkable. They were 
filled with fear and almost beside themselves with amaze- 
ment. And they kept on glorifying God and saying. "We 
never saw anything like this!" We have indeed seen 
strange things today! 

Do you personally know the amazing, mystifying pow- 
er of Jesus to forgive sins? Do you know His Presence 
and power in your own life? 


THE CENTRAL DISTRICT Pastors met for an in- 
formal meeting on Thursday, Fehraary 15, 1968, at 
the Holiday Inn at Iowa City, Iowa. It has long been our 
desire to pi-ovide a time of fellowship where we could 
have a sharing of ideas, concerns, and information. A 
great deal was accomplished and we have agreed to meet 
regularly in the future. The Holiday Inn provides a Con- 
ference Room and is conveniently located at the inter- 
section of Interstate 80 and Iowa 218, easily accessable 
to each district pastor. 

We have a good report from Gene Hollinger, pastor of 
the Cedar Falls Mission Church. Elmer Keck, Cerro 
Gordo pastor, informs us that a fine Spring Camp pro- 
gram was lined up for his church. Our district youth 
met there on March 15-17. Jim Rowsey is busily prepar- 
ing to host our District Conference at Milledgeville, Illin- 
ois, in July, while Moderator Paul Steiner, Lanark, Illin- 
ois, says condition is "go" for the conference. Jerry Witt 
was unable to join us for this meeting as he is nursing 
a back injury. Jerry continues to be active in our Dis- 
trict concerns while pastoring the Udell work and attend- 
ing school. The writer tries to keep busy at Waterloo, 
Iowa, and is anxious for the summer Camp Blackhawk 
to begin once again. 

Brethren, keep your eye on the Central District. Some 
wonderful things are in the praying and planning stages 
as we are determined to move ahead with the rest of our 

Rev. James Black, President 
Central District Ministers 


Here are some news items from the First Brethren 
Church in Falls City, Nebraska. 

Snack trays and cups have been donated to the church 
as a memorial to the late Mrs. Daisy Tinning. 

The congregation held a birthday and fellowship party 
on March 15, 1968. 

The District Board of Evangelists of the Conference 
met with the Falls City congregation on Monday evening, 
February 26. A fellowship dinner was enjoyed before 
the meeting. 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangcli 

Rev. Buck Garrett of Cheyenne, Wyoming, and Rev. 
Carl Barber of Mulvane, Kansas, conducted the meeting. 
Brother Garrett gave an interesting and enlightening 
message on the demands of the pastor and the demand 
of God, and the results that are expected. He depicted 
the fruitfulness of the orchard and how we, like the 
trees, are expected to bear fruit for God. 

Placards of statistics of the Mid-West District were 
shown and explained by Rev. Carl Barber. 

A Brethren Youth Rally was held on March 8 and 9 at 
Fort Scott, Kansas, A laymen's meeting was planned for 
the same time and place, with a combined dinner for 
both groups. 

Vacation Bible School dates for the Falls City Sunday 
school have been set for June 3 through 7. All day meet- 
ings are planned. Mrs. Harvey Hinz will be the director. 

The World Day of Prayer services were held on Friday, 
March 1, at the St. Peter and Paul's Catholic Church. 
Our pastor, the Rev. Jack McDaniel, brought the evening 
message, while Mrs. James Reiger and Mrs. Clay Peck 
sang at the afternoon session. 

Mrs. F. P. Schroedl 


The following article was sent to the Editor by way of 
the church bulletin with a request that it be printed in 
the magazine. 

The members of the Berlin Brethren Church, Berlin, 
Pennsylvania, held a special sei-vice of thanksgiving to 
God on February 25, 1968, for the blessings He has be- 
stowed upon the congregation. 

At the service, Mr. John Thomas was ordained as a 
deacon, a memorial plaque was presented; and the ren- 
ovation program, costing more than $16,000, was com- 

The attendance for Sunday school and church has been 
most gratifying. 88 percent of our membership of 462 
were in attendance for Holy Communion last year, and 
the budget has increased from $12,202 to nearly $35,000 
in the past twelve years. 

Three of our favorite daughters, members of this 
church, are missionaries. Two in Africa and one in Ar- 
gentina. The Berlin Church has supported Mrs. John 
Rowsey for the past tweh'e years, and now supports Mrs. 
Richard Winfield. Our congregation keeps informed of 
their work through a monthly tape exchange. 

Presently, 37% of the total offering in the church and 
Sunday school is contributed to the denominational pro- 
gram of the Brethren Church. In addition to the $4,000 
foreign mission support, we contributed $50 per week 
last year to the Camping- ProgTam. 

Rev. Ralph Mills has been our pastor far the past 
twelve years and is also the Chaplain for the Somerset 

County Home, principal for the Community Christis 
Kindergarten, and active throughout the area as gue 

The challenge is before us today to continue our i 
terest in the camping program, missions, Seminai^y, 
well as all other denominational activities. 

In closing, we express our gratitude to God, who h 
blessed the work, and who deserves all the praise. V 
like to think the best days are not in the past, but in t 
days ahead. 


THE TENTH anniversary dinner for the Brethr 
Church of Fairless Hills-Levittown was held 
Sunday, January 28, 1968. Over 130 persons attend' 
the dinner and program held in the Fellowship Hall | 
the church. ( 

The committee in charge of planning the commemo: ii 
lion was: Mrs. Rita Nolte Gift, Mrs. Evan Cutshall, M j 
Guy Smith, Mr. Donald Robins, Mr. Robert Adams, ai 
Rev. Robert Keplinger. 

The church had its first meeting in the home of B 
and Mrs. Philip Nolte on January 5, 1958, with ten pr 
ent from this community. Nolte Gift shared 1 , 
experiences of the early beginnings. Letters were rece I 
ed from friends and members. Rev. W. B. Brant, now | 
Clovis, New Mexico, sent pictures to be shown. Lt. C ! 
and Mrs. Charles Clague, who had been charter memb'li 
and are now stationed in Alaska, also shared pictu ii 
with us. 1] 

Also participating in the anniversary program vi] 
the Sergeantsville Brethren Church, who had a gr ii 
deal to do in helping the Levittown Church get start .t 
A girls trio and ladies quartet from Sergeantsvij 
brought special music. 

Special music was also brought by the preschool, j 
mary and junior departments of the Levittown Sunc^ 
school — the future church. 

The high point of the anniversary dinner was the (^ 
tribution of the pictorial church directory for 1968. il 

At the close of the informal but inspiring prog.riJ< 
everyone was given a piece of the large Tenth Anniv.M 
sary Cake which had been the center of attraction. '^ 
program closed with the singing of "Blest Be the 81 
That Binds." ,; 

Newspaper clippings and pictures of the progress: 
of the church from home to community building, to sch'^ 
to sanctuary unit and to educational building were 
played around the fellowship hall. 

The present membership stands at 146 with 205 eni'l- 
ed in Sunday school. 

Mrs. Alden D. Reed, Sr. 
Corresponding Secretary i 



Philippians 2:11 


larch 30, 1968 

n e^v s 

'.-J 1 

• • • 

^Hjm. Hut 

►akville, Ind. Mrs. Donna C. Not- 
tingham, secretary of the church, 
reports that Rev. and Mrs. Philip 
Hershberger have accepted the 
pastorate at Oakville. Bro. Hersh- 
berger will complete his work at 
the Ashland Theological Seminary 
in June, will be ordained at his 
home church in Nappanee, Indiana, 
following graduation and will as- 
sume his duties as pastor of the 
church in July. 

Rev. Ralph Offord who has been 

pastoring the church for the past 
few years has accepted the pastor- 
ate of a church of his denomina- 
tion in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and 
Rev. Arthur Tinkel is acting as in- 
terim pastor at the present. 

Tempe, Arizona. The church and the 
Sunday school anne.x have recently 
been painted. The men of the 
church took this on as a project. 
Other cleaning and redecorating 
jobs have been taken on by the 
laymen as well. 


It. Olive, Virginia 

Holy Week Services 
April 10-12, 1968 

Rev. Spencer Gentle, Guest Speak- 
Rev. Marlin McCann, Pastor 

iouth Bend (Ardniore), Indiana 

Evangelistic Services 

April 7-12, 1968 

Rev. Kent Bennett, Evangelist 

Rev. C. William Cole, Pastor 

luneie, Indiana 

Evangelistic Crusade 
April 15-21, 1968 

Rev. William Anderson, Evangel- 
Rev. Glenn Grumbling, Pastor 

ilulvane, Kansas 

Revival Services 

April 15-28, 1968 

Rev. James Naff, Evangelist 

Rev. Carl Barber, Pastor 

A Request from the 

making a survey of the denom- 
nation to determine where Brethren 
nay be located in the Mid-West area. 
rhe conference is trying to deter- 
mine just what city or cities within 

that area would be ideal for a mis- 
sion church in the future. 

The district would appreciate the 
sharing of any names, addresses and 
any helpful information, of Brethren 
families who are now living in this 
area. If you know of anyone living 
in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South- 
eastern Wyoming or Northeastern 
Colorado please send names to: 
Mr. Milford Brinegar 
Carleton, Nebraska 68326 


TUTTLE. Mrs. Mabel Tuttle, age 
76, passed away on Wednesday, Jan- 
uary 17, 1968. She was a member 
of the First Brethren Church of 
Muncie, Indiana. Services were con- 
ducted on Saturday, January 20, at 
the Meeks Mortuary by the under- 
signed. Interment was in the Elm 
Ridge Cemetery. 

Rev. Glenn Grumbling 

FALLIS. Mrs. Mary Fallis, age 80, 
passed away on Monday, February 
19, 1968. She was a member of the 
First Brethren Church of Muncie, 
Indiana. Services were conducted on 
Thursday, February 22, at the Steph- 
ens-Rohrdan Funeral Home by the 
undersigned. Interment was in the 
Gardens of Memory. 

Rev. Glenn Grumbling 

Page Nineteen 

KEESLING. Mr. Ora Keesling, a 
longtime member of the Oakville, 
Indiana, Brethren Church, passed 
away on February 14, 1968, at his 
home. Memorial services were held 
at the Meeks Mortuary with Rev. 
Arthur Tinkel and Rev. Ralph Of- 
ford in charge. Interment was in the 
Miller Cemetery near Middletown, 

Mrs. Donna C. Nottingham 

MOORE. Mr. Walter Harold 
Moore, age 50, passed away sudden- 
ly at his home of a heart attack on 
November 20, 1967. He was the fath- 
er of Rev. Brian Moore, pastor of the 
First Brethren Church in Derby, 

Mr. Moore was a member of the 
Highland Brethren Church, Marian- 
na, Pennsylvania, and served as Dea- 
con since 1953. 

The undersigned was in charge of 
the funeral service on November 22, 
1967. Memorial services were held at 
the church on November 30, 1967, 
with Elder Arthur Rummel, former 
pastor, as speaker. 

Rev. Carl H. Phillips 

CHAPMAN. Mrs. Sue M. Chap- 
man, age 75, of Bringhurst, Indiana, 
passed away on February 10, 1968, 
at Lafayette, Indiana. She was a 
member of the First Brethren Church 
in Flora, Indiana. 

Funeral services were held on Tues- 
day, February 13, at the Carter 
Funeral Home with Rev. Clarence 
Kindley in charge. Burial was in 
the Maple Lawn Cemetery. 

Gladys Flora 

•1! * * 

RINEHART. Mr. Charles Ralph 
Rinehart, age 63, of Flora, Indiana, 
passed away on February 20 in Ko- 
komo, Indiana. Funeral services were 
conducted at the First Brethren 
Church in Flora, Indiana, of which 
he was a member. Rev. Clarence 
Kindley was in charge of the service 
and burial was in the Maple Lawn 

Gladys Flora 

■■i- ^ -i^ 

SCHELBERT. Mrs. Ethel Olive 
Schelbert passed away on December 
14, 1967. Mrs. Schelbert was one of 
the founders of the First Brethren 
Church of Kokomo, Indiana, being a 
charter member. She was most faith- 
ful in her service to the church until 
failing health made it impossible for 
her to serve any longer. 

Rev. Austin F. Gable 

Page Twenty 

The Itrethren Kvangelis 

ALLEN. Mr. C. L. Allen, age 75, 
of Morrill, Kansas^ passed away on 
January 23, 1968. He was a member 
of the Christian Church in Falls City, 
Nebraska, but attended the First 
Brethren Church in Morrill, Kansas, 
since 1944. 

Funeral services were conducted 
in the Dorr-Philpot Funeral Home 
by Rev. Jack McDaniel. 

Mrs. Geo. S. Eisenbise 

* * * 

GOOD. Mrs. Betty Good passed 
away on December 28, 1967. She was 
a member of the Vinco, Pennsylvan- 
ia, Brethren Church. She was a 
most faithful and active member of 
the church. 

Funeral services were conducted 
in the Vinco Brethren Church by the 
undersigned and burial was in the 
Headricks Cemetery. 

Rev. Henry Bates 


Judy Burton and Mr. Jerry North- 
cutt were united in marriage in the 
First Brethren Church of Muncie, 
Indiana, on Saturday^ December 9, 
1967, by his pastor, the undersigned. 
Rev. Glenn Grumbling 


New York (EP) — "The Seed am 
the Dream," a drama written by th 
late Morton Wishengrad and con 
memorating the life work of Thee 
dore Herzl in establishing a home 
land for the Jewish people, \vas pr« 
sented by "The Eternal Light" o 
the NBC Radio Network. ,; 

Thix'd in a series of four prograni 
on Jerusalem, "The Seed and th 
Dream" pays tribute to the man wh 
devoted most of his adult life to laj 
ing the foundation for a Jewish stai 
— on the occasion of the 100th ann 
V'Crsary of his birth. 


World Religious News 

in Review 


Louisville, Ky. (EP) — Among 
travelers waiting in Union Station 
here for a train to New Orleans 
were 21 people leaiving an American 
that has grown too worldly for them. 

They were members of the Amish 
sect from Orange County, Indiana, 
who are bound ultimately for Para- 
guay, South America, where they 
hope to be able to continue the sim- 
ple, unique way of life they prefer. 

The 21 who left Louisville made 
up the second Amish contingent to 
leave the Indiana county within the 
past year for Paraguay — one of the 
most underdeveloped of Latin Amer- 
ican countries. 



Tel Aviv (EP) — If border inci- 
dents and acts of sabotage continue 
along the Jordan River, obser\'ers 
here believe Israel will develop its 
own doctrine of "hot pursuit." 

There have been 25 shooting inci- 
dents along the cease-fire line since 
December plus 11 acts of sabotage. 
The two are sometimes related, as 
Jordanian troops give covering fire 
for A. Fatah terrorists returning 
from a mission. 


Monrovia, Calif. (EP) — More 
than 1,000 paintings and drawings 
from children of 16 nations living in 
orphanages and childcare centers 
were submitted by youngsters for 
the International Children's Art Tal- 
ent Contest sponsored by World Vis- 

Ten of the prize winning and hon- 
orable mention art pieces by the 
budding artists were displayed at the 
Hastings Ranch Public Library near 
World Vision's headquarters here, 
following a display in the Rotunda 
of Los Angeles City Hall of 60 semi- 
finalist works of art. 

The wee artists art representative 
of 24,000 orphaned and needy chil- 
dren in 19 nations sponsored by 
World Vision through its social serv- 
ice outreach on behalf of the desti- 
tute and disadvantaged of earth. 

Winning the top three nominations 
by a distinguished panel of art ex- 
perts were Eikichi Sakurai, 15, of 
Japan who made a colorful collage 
showing an Oriental castle; Njoman 
Djar, 17, of Bali who painted a tem- 
ple and Saim Jong Bin of Korea, 
wlio did a watercolor of a woodland 


United Nations (EP) — Ale.xsa 
drovich Malik, the Soviet Union 
newly appointed successor to Nokol' 
T. Fedorenko as delegate to tl 
United Nations, once expressed asto 1 
ishment at a verse of Scripture, j 

His English teacher, Lillian A -I 
shen Seidel, said in 1950 while fli| 
ping through a book of proverbs di: \ 
ing a lesson, Malik came upon tl r 
biblical declaration, "It is easier f 
a camel to go through the eye of 
needle than for a rich man to ent 'i 
the Kingdom of CJod." 1 

Malik asked, "That isn't an Ame' 
ican proverb, is it?" '] 

"No," his teacher replied, "it's ]l 
biblical proverb . . . one that's soir^l 
time's used in America." '! 

Astonished, Malik shook his henl 
unbelievingly. "You mean that ' i 
capitalist counti-y would permit ']i 
thing like that to be printed?" ]' 
exclaimed. \ 



Sydney (EP) — A West Germi ( 
Lutheran pastor is recuperating ir '. i 
hospital at Madan, Northeast N f ■ 
Guinea, after being wounded by fc ; 
arrows when he and his party wO | 
ambushed by tribal warriors in t , 
wild region of West Irian. 

Five of the minister's native be^- 
ers in the group died of wounds. ^ 

According to Radio Australia wh 1 !| 
reported the incident, the mission; if « 
was Pastor R. Benze, 27, who corSv 
from Rhineland and serves under iif 
Gorman Lutheran Mission. i 

He was wounded in the back, a: Ml 
leg, and abdomen. The attack oc( ^ i 


arch 30, 1968 

Page Twenty-one 

i after he and his party had been 
)reed by landslides to detour along 
narrow bush track through moun- 
linous country. They were on a 
)ur-day walk from his mission at 
[adang to another Lutheran mission 
liles away. 


Washington, D.C. (EP) — Tragic 
pathy, rather than anger, appears 
3 be the dominant mood of the ma- 
)rity of poor Negro youths in city 
hettos, according to a government 
nanced survey. 

The unpublished report, made avail- 
ble to the Los Angeles Times, is 
ased on interviews last August with 
,886 youths — mostly Negroes — 
1 selected areas of 11 cities. The 
overnment wanted the views of 
hetto youths to help evaluate the 
ffectiveness of summer youth pro- 
rams which have been costing $600 
lillion a year in federal funds. 

Entitled "From the Streets," the 
eport was ordered by the President's 
'outh Opportunities Council^ a Cab- 
net-level agency headed by Vice 
'resident Humphrey which is charg- 
d with coordinating summer youth 

The report rejects the idea that 
nost ghetto Negroes are angry. They 
re, it said, rather "overly content 
ir apathetic." 

Also flatly disputed was the notion 
hat summer programs to provide 
'outh with opportunities in employ- 
nent, recreation and education can 
irevent riots. Times staff writer 
/incent J. Burke stated that the re- 
)ort showed that "the complex caus- 
es of urban unrest and riots are little 
iffected by whether or not there are 
mmmer programs, good or bad." 

. . BE A MAN 

Chicago (EP) — It's time for the 
:hurch to start giving back some- 
thing to the people instead of taking 
from them all the time. 

That's the view of the Rev. Ralph 
Gamble, pastor of the House of the 
Lord Church, who started a restaur- 
ant to feed the needy. 

Its fare is "Soul Food," and the 
diner is exhorted by a sign to "Pay 
what you can . . . but be a man." 

The object of the restaurant, adj- 
acent to the church, is to "feed all 
who come to our doors hungry, 
whether they can pay or not." 

The menu is scrawled on a black- 
board. It features plenty of "down- 
home soul food," and consists of 
chicken and dressing, chicken and 
dumplings, red beans and rice, col- 
lard greens, cabbage and chili for the 
dinner meal. Breakfast is bacon, 
sausage, eggs, rice and cream of 
wheat. There is also milk, coffee, 
tea or rolls. 

A tag line on the menu states: 
"Food not priced . . . donate what 
you can . . . help us protect those 
who really need help." 

"Most people who come in can af- 
ford to pay," Mrs. Ardlie Willett, 
Manager of the month-old business, 
told a UPI reporter. She added that 
the ultimate aim is to make a profit, 
but "We'll get our real profit from 
the Lord." 


Anaheim, Calif. (EP) — Within 
five or six generations, we will begin 
to notice the accumulation of unde- 
sirable traits in the general popula- 
tion unless man stops horsing around 
with evolution. 

Dr. Harvey Bender made this asser- 
tion at the National Assn. of Biology 
Teachers here. He urged scientists 
to invent ways of curing genetic de- 
fects or "everyone soon wUl be born 
with at least one or two serious in- 
herited physical or mental defects." 

Citing diabetes as an example of 
the phenomenon. Dr. Bender said he 
believes science will learn how to 
manipulate genetic material and thus 
become able to do with the human 
species what has been done with 
others — improve the breed. He said 
keeping individuals with dangerous 
recessive genes alive long enough to 
marry and have children is an inter- 
ference with the proper evolution of 
the human species. 


Palo Alto, Calif. (EP) — Opposing 
the Vietnam war is "more moral now 
than going to church," according to 
retired Episcopal Bishop James A. 

The controversial clergymen told 
an overflow audience of 1,500 stu- 
dents and others at Stanford Uni- 
versity Memorial Church here that 
courage, not conformity, is the mark 
of morality. "Vietnam goes to the 
very heart of morals." 

"Follow your own enlightened con- 
sciences," he said. "Do not turn over 
your conscience to L.B.J, or Jim 

$180,000 THEFT 

San Bernardino, Calif. (EP) — 
Two counts each of grand theft and 
embezzlement of church funds are 
listed in a charge against the Rev. 
Harry G. Loving. He is said to have 
stolen $180,000. 

Pastor o f Immanuel Baptist 
Church here for seven years, the min- 
ister surrendered after a warrent was 
issued for his arrest. 

The complaint filed by District At- 
torney Donald Turner charged Mr. 
Loving with the theft of a $125,000 
loan secured on church credit from 
the Fidelity Union Life Insurance 
Co. of Texas, and other crimes. 


Springfield, Mass. (EP) — Rabbi 
Robert Schectman, 28, speeds around 
town in a white car with a hot en- 
gine which, he says, speaks louder 
to teenagers than sermons. 

The clergyman has won several 
drag races in his "Heavenly Hauler." 

"I've been able to show these teen- 
agers that a religious person is a 
real person," he said. "To be relig- 
ious doesn't mean that one must be 


Pasadena, Calif. (EP) — Facing 
the prospect of what he called "one 
of the hottest summers ever to be 
known," the field director of the Na- 
tional Negro Evangelical Association 
called the organization to support its 
fifth annual convention in Chicago 
April 24-28. 

"I believe it is imperative that the 
Christian church amass itself and 
make its cause for existence known," 
says Aaron M. Hamlin. "We read 
of Black Power and Black National- 
ist groups uniting but nowhere do we 
hear of Black Christians coming to- 
gether for concerted action. 

"Instead," the NNEA officer said, 
"we hear of division, strife and jeal- 
ousy toward each other. We need 

The Rev. Mr. Hamlin said attend- 
ance at the convention would be a 
good start in achieving the agency's 

Page Twenty-two 

The Brethren Evangelist i' 


Glendale, Calif. (EP) — With an 
eye to the times, an ear to youthful 
jargon and a good grasp of Biblical 
imperatives, Fritz Ridenour answers 
questions about the relevancy of 
God's Word in the light of today's 
issues in his new book. Who Says? 

The Regal paperback, says the 
youth editor of Gospel Light Publica- 
tions here, "is designed to deal with 
the typical questions about the Bible, 
Christ and the Christian faith. There 
is no attempt to 'prove' the Bible is 
true. Instead, Who Says? seeks to 
examine the evidence — evidence 
that shows that much . . . criticism 
of Scripture and the Church today is 
really a hangover from the ignorance 
and presupposition of nineteenth cen- 
tury 'higher critics.' " 

Author Ridenour supports his case 

with good research, contemporary 
language and literal cartoons in con- 
cluding with the Apostle, "Lord, to 
whom can I go? You have the words 
of eternal life." 


Chicago (EP) — Vacationing col- 
legians at Fort Lauderdale, Fla., are 
the target of an evangelistic outreach 
being arranged again this year by 
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. 

Some 150 students and 15 IVCF 
staff members will spearhead "Inter- 
Varsity: On the Beach" this year, 
April 7-12. 

"We have doubled the size of our 
team," says general director Dr. John 
W. Alexander, "and we are doubling 
our efforts." 

The project will include a combin- 
ation bookstore-coffeehouse and pre- 
sentations by Folksinger John Guest. 


Evanston, Dl. (EP) — The United 
Presbyterian Board of Christian Kd j 
ucation has received about $1.9 milj 
lion from the estate of a late circusf 
founder's wife. 

The bequest was announced hen 
in the final settlement of the estate'? 
of Mrs. Ida Belle Ringling of Barali 
boo. Wise. Mrs. Ringling, widow ol^ 
Henry Ringling, a founder of the 
Ringling Brothers Circus, died ir( 
1966 at the age of 96. The $1.9 mil'; 
lion will be used to establish an "Id; 
Belle Ringling Fund," an investment j 
in government bonds which will prOjj 
vide financial aid to students irji 
colleges related to the United Pres J 
byterian Church. Estimated yearlj ( 
income will be between $80,000 ancfj 




TF AT FIRST you don't succeed — then read the di- 
rections. Several days ago a saleslady told of a custo- 
mer "nearly stamping" into her department carrying a 
package containing silver polish he'd purchased previous- 
ly. Waving it under her nose he declared he'd been mis- 
led, both by her and the manufacturers, as to its clean- 
ing and preserving qualities and wanted his money re- 
turned. Knowing the product and its capabilities, as well 
as her employer's code of ethics, she quite calmly and 
kindly asked him to describe, step by step, how he'd 
used it. Although a bit bewildered by her kindness, he 
reluctantly complied, revealing almost immediately his 
failure to follow the directions given on the package. 
He'd used silver polishes before, he said, and proceeded 
as usual even though he'd chosen this particular product 
for its extra qualities. A bit red-faced and apologetic he 
agreed to trj' again and later phoned to tell of his suc- 
cess and thank her for her kindness. 

The story struck home as I recalled a similar exper- 
ience with a roll of film I'd received in the mail. While 
looking for the address of the .sender to register my com- 

plaint, I read "develop by special process only — retuicii 
to us when exposed," and I'd taken it to our local develiiJ 
oper! j' 

These are the little things in life but the patterrii 
grows; God, our Heavenly Father, Who created us in Histf 
image also authored the directions for living a reward>!( 
ing life; sent His Son into our midst personally and spir j 
itually to verify His authenticity, that we might know : 
the way, the truth and life everlasting with joy far mon': 
satisfying than gleaming silver or purest gold! Our Sav !^ 
ior is always near to hear our complaints with greater* < 
kindness than humanly conceivable and to show us th(''i 
right way to live. ' j 

When things go wrong and life gets tedious we ten(< 
to blame others, or God, or circumstances, and ignore oi < 
neglect the directions, the warnings and the anecdote; :1 
contained in the Word of God. Oh, that we might lean!' 
to first seek direction, then proceed. 

The first goal of our National W.M.S. pertains t( 
Bible Reading. It should be an accomplishment no cm 
would really want to miss. 


[arch 30, 1968 

Page Twenty-three 


"SOMETHING of real importance has happened in the 
J Northeast Ohio Laymen District Rally. It is excit- 
ig! It is a new step in the positive direction for the 
lurch! In the October meeting at Aki-on, Ohio, the men 
' this district recognized a real need in the Brethren 
hurch and decided to do something about it. It was 

need for more Brethren young people to get Bretliren 
■aining and education to serve the Brethren Church, 
nmediately the N.E.O.L. President appointed a com- 
littee of three to study and bring a report back to the 
inuary, 1968, meeting. The committee consisted of the 
)llowing men: Mr. Roy Bates of Louisville, Chairman; 
[r. Elton Whitted of Ashland; and the Dean of Ashland 
heological Seminary, Dr. Joseph R. Shultz. This com- 
littee went to work promptly on their new assignment 
id brought forth their resolution at the next meeting 
1 January 22, 1968. This resolution was accepted to 
jgin in the fall of 1968. 

The resolution is as follows: 

Northeast Ohio Laymen's Seminary Scholarship 

"Be it resolved that the Northeast Ohio Laymen's 
rganization does hereby establish a yearly scholarship 
I the amount of $200 to be known as the N.E.O. Lay- 
len's Seminary Scholarship and to be governed by the 
Jlowing regulations: 

"(1) The recipient shall be a fully registered student 
t Ashland Theological Seminary and shall be a home 
^sident in the Northeast Ohio District of the Brethren 

"(2) If no person is available then a pre-seminary 
:udent enrolled in Ashland College and a resident of the 
fortheast Ohio District shall be eligible. 

"(3) If neither is available then a Seminary Student 
P, in turn, a pre-seminary enrolled in the Ashland Theo- 
)gical Seminary or College from another district of the 
■rethren Church shall be eligible, first consideration to 
e given to the Miami Valley District of Ohio and then 
) the other church districts. 

"(4) Selection of the recipient shall be made by a 
jmmittee composed of the President of Ashland College 
nd the Dean of the Ashland College Seminary or their 
spresentatives and the President of the Northeast Ohio 
■aymen's Organization. Nominations may be made by the 
aymen's Organization of the Northeast Ohio District. 

"(5) Funds for the scholarship shall be raised by 
ublic subscription at each district meeting of the North- 
ist Ohio Laymen and in the event this does not suffice, 
y solicitation of the member organization of the North- 
ist Ohio District. Any monies in excess of the $200 shall 
e held in escrow for the following year. 

"(Note) This is to go into effect as of the fall of 

I wish to thank this committee for its outstanding 
work and thank the laymen of this district for accepting 
this challenge and I trust it shall be carried out to its 
full intent. 

The N.E.O.L. met in Massillon last January 22 with 
their wives and had a very fine meeting. There were 89 
in attendance. Our treasurer reported $40 and our of- 
fering was $60 which means we need $100 more to get 
the Seminary Scholarship off to a good start. 

Our men are working hard to do their share in clear- 
ing the National Goal so that the books for the Seminary 
will be paid for. 

Our next meeting is to be held in Canton, Ohio, on 
April 22, 1968. There will be the election of new officers 
at this meeting. The nominating committee consists of 
Tom Stoffer, Bill Bowers and Kenny Hysell. 

Ralph L. Fairbanks 
N.E.O.L. Laymen President 

Hold Pancake Supper 

ON JANUARY 9, 1968, the Vinco Brethren laymen 
were hosts to delegations of neighboring laymen 
from the Johnstown Second and Third Churches. 

To our surprise, three ladies (Mrs. Earl Aurandt, Sr., 
Mrs. Lavere Rorabaugh and Mi-s. William Stevens) had 
made preparations for the supper. President William 
Stevens insisted that the ladies volunteered their sei-v- 
ices. At any rate, with the help from the Vinco group, 
pancakes, sausage, jello, ice cream, coffee and tea were 
amply provided. 

Floyd Benshoff from the Johnstown Third Church ac- 
companied the group as they sang two hymns, "What 

Page Twenty-four 

The Brethren Evan 


Will You Do with Jesus" and " 'Twas a Glad Day When 
Jesus Found Me." 

Lester Leidy, Vinco, reviewed the monthly topic: 
"Faith in 1968." 

Mr. Samuel Powell, local insurance man, was the speak- 
er for the evening. His subject was: "Serendipity of 

James I. Mackall, Vinco, sang several special numbers. 

A short business session followed with Rev. Henry 
Bates, host pastor, closing with prayer. 

The meeting ended on a note of renewed Christian fel- 

L. R. Horner 


TWICE a year the Vinco Laymen have a joint meet- 
ing with the Junior and Senior Boys' Brotherhoods. 
On Tuesday, February 13, 1968, the Laymen hosted the 
men and boys of the church; there being 20 boys and 26 
men present. 

A Swiss steak dinner was served by five ladies of the 
church, namely: Mrs. Earl Aurandt, Sr., Mrs. Lavere 
Rorabaugh, Mrs. Jacob Mackall, Mrs. William Stevens 
and Mrs. Lavelle Horner. 

Included in the decorations was a large display fea- 
turing paintings of Abraham Lincoln and George Wash- 

President William Stevens began the program with 
prayer and a spiritual pep talk. Charles Ford was in 

charge of devotions. Group singing was led by Jamt, 
Mackall, in which the boys excelled in praise to th 
Lord. The program also included a vocal duet by Jame 
Mackall and Lester Leidy, a ti-umpet duet by Bria 
Lynch and David Mackall and a "pantomime contrail 
solo" by Jacob Mackall. Two very interesting films wei 
shown on skiing and baseball. 

After a time of fellowship. Rev. Henry Bates close 
the program with prayer. 

In the past we have found that gatherings such 
this provide an atmosphere for the spiritual bond 
the young and the not so young. This one was no e; 
ception. j 

L. R. Horner 
Secretary i 

Stamping out dead ends 


A SURVEY OF 2,646 teenagers in 46 evangelical de- 
nominations by the National Sunday School Associ- 
ation showed that, next to counsel on se.x, the youth 
wanted nuts and bolts career guidance on where to go 
to school and what to do with their lives. 

To help teens in Southern California make wise voca- 
tional choices, the La Crescenta First Baptist Church in 
suburban Los Angeles brought the mountain to their 
teen-age Mahomets for a never-to-be-forgotten Saturday 
careers day. 

A carnival of exhibitions was opened early by career 
displays and some 19 Bible schools, colleges and univer- 
sities in the Fellowship Hall of the church which is asso- 
ciated with the Baptist General Conference. Customized 
information in abundance was handed out to some 230 
high schoolers and other young people. Large stacks 
of colorful booklets and pamphlets on careers were 
distributed, too. 

The program began with an inspirational rally in the 
sanctuary led by Dr. Carl Bihl of John Brown University. 
Then the teens scattered in shifts to some 32 workshops 
led by professionals in various fields. Included in the 
diet of helpful seminars were such subjects as education. 


medicine, politics^ law enforcement, social service, sale 
science, secretarial skills, writing, pastoral pursuits, mil 
sionary opportunities and many more. 

"Too many teenagers today are playing career rot 
ette," said William Barber, Minister of Christian Eduo 
tion and promoter of the first career day. "I'm in tl 
ministry today because a kind pastor took me under h 
wing and exposed me to the joy of Christian servic 
That's part of what we're trying to do here." 

Comments by the workshop leaders were many ai ,1 
varied. "I thought the program was well organized "\ 
all respects," said M. D. Torrance, Naval Officer 
charge of the nearby Glendale recruiting station. Thi'rii 
he echoed what other leaders felt: "Parents should 1 | 
familiarized with the program early so they too can he 
to advise their sons and daughters in the choice of \ 
career." i 

Next year the church hopes to try it again, fortifi':' 
by a good response from the pilot project. One yout{i 
wiping the fried chicken from his lips at lunch tirr 
gave a sweep of his hand at all the e.xhibits and exclaij.l 
od to Pastor Barber, "All this for just $2!" And th jj 
he added: "You could easily have gotten three!" 

arch 30, 1968 

Page Twenty-five 




pHE GIFTS for the new Head- 
l- quarters Building- ai'e com- 
ig in very slowly! On March 

1968, we reported that $3,054. 
3 had been received to date. As 
I today (March 21, 1968) there 

a total of only $4,487.25 hav- 
ig been received. This is only 
3out 2.8 percent of funds need- 

We realize, of course, that the 
lurches have not sent in their 
litial offering which have been 
jceived. Neither does this a- 
Lount include any pledges made, 
lis is strictly cash gifts! 

Many of our churches are in 
ailding programs of their own, 
id it is always a problem to en- 
)urage members to give when 
ley are involved in such pro- 
rams, however, we must keep 
I mind the importance of de- 
jminational interests. The de- 
jmination is behind each local 
lurch in each district, and will 

go to almost any length in giv- 
ing help where needed. 

It is now your opportunity to 
be of assistance to your denom- 
ination. The headquarters build- 
ing is truly needed. We have 
existed long enough, now, with 
denominational offices scatter- 
ed over the city, it is time that 
we had one central location for 
the business of the Brethren 
Church. All that is asked of you 
is "One Day's Wages." This can 
be pledged, of course, through 
your church; or it can be sent 
directly to our office. This is not 
too much for any wage earner in 
our church! Let's provide a 
building for our denomination 
that is a credit to the Brethren 
Church and to God's work! 

Please give much prayer and 
thought to this project, then 
give as God lays on your heart 
to give. 

$ 160,000.00 Needed 
4,487.25 Received 

$ 155,51175 Balance Needed 

Page Twenty-six 

The Brethren Evan^elis 







Rev. Buck Garrett and Mrs. Kenneth White with 
their class 

SINCE the spring of 1967, the Cheyenne, Wyoming, 
Brethren Church has been involved in a unique and 
growing ministry to retarded children in that area. 

Pastor Buck Garrett was prompted to start this special 
class while driving a bus for the Opportunity Center — 
a school for the retarded — located a few blocks from 
his home. Parents frequently commented that since 
their retarded child was consistently being left out of 
local church school activities, the whole family was losing 
interest in church attendance. 

At present twelve students are enrolled and the aver- 
age attendance is about seven. Since their families gen- 
erally belong to other churches and their homes are 
widely scattered, the pastor normally picks up the chil- 
dren and brings them to church school where they at- 
tend a class taught by Mrs. Kenneth White. 

During the Sunday morning worship service, these 
children are welcomed into — and participate in — the 
junior church led by Mrs. Garrett. Last December the 
class took part in the annual Christmas program by act- 
ing out the Nativity scene as a reader ga\c account of 
the Savior's birth. 

Through the experiences of the past year, Mrs. White 
and Pastor Garrett have found that the children best re- 
tain their lessons through the use of Visual Aids. For 

that reason, they are using Child Evangelism materijl 
which supply an excellent assortment of visual aids i 
accompany each lesson. The use of these tools has be 
effective for the pastor reports that three students ha 
accepted Christ and almost all retain the lesson conte, 
from week to week. They all enjoy Sunday school. 

In addition to the grateful comments of parents, t j 
program has attracted the attention of the Mental I, J 
lardation Association and the Parent-Teacher organ!;: 
lion of the Opportunity school. Both have commenc,^ 
this church's efforts to provide Christian education i 
the mentally retarded. These organizations are encO|(j 
aging others to become involved in this church schj I 
class and have offered their assistance in continuing |H 

The congregation, too, has been helpful and open-mi ,'< 
ed in recognizing the special class as an unique opport * i 
ity to minister to a neglected segment of the communis 

Though much labor has been invested at Cheyenne ^ji, 
the sanctuary has been tastefully remodeled by addt'i 
carpet, oak pews and a lowered ceiling with reces I ] 
lighting, the floors have been refinished, walls painli 
(inside and out), a new roof and a new lawn — th 
is still need for additional educational space. Seven cli 
es are meeting in the basement and three in the sam 


[arch 30, 1968 

Page Twenty-seven 

ry with no individual rooms. Witii increased opportun- 
ies for outreach, there is growing concern in Cheyenne 
ir the improvement of educational facilities. 
Certainly all Brethren have cause to be proud of the 
ork the Cheyenne people are doing. May all churches 
J inspired to meet the needs of the community as this 
lurch has done. 



Youth In The Church 

"•HE YOUTH of our churches are the natural 
resources from which the cliurch of tomor- 
w must be built. In recogrnition of this fact, The 
ational Laymen's Organization lias put foi-wai'd 
plan for renewed emphasis on ministerial re- 
uitment and the "cultivation" of tliese natural 
source.^ (see the 1967-68 Brethren Annual, pp. 

38-39). We wholeheaitedly endorse this plan and 
encourage every member of The Brethren Church 
to do likewise. 

If the laymen and ministers will follow through 
on this resolution — "one hundred percent" — 
the future of the church and its niinisti*y are as- 
sured ! 

In 1962 the National Sunday School Association 
listed a number of reasons for youth leaving the 
church. Among them were: (1) boring and un- 
challenging lessons and youth programs, (2) un- 
planned and disorderly youth meetings, (3) ser- 
mons on topics of little interest to young people 
and youth of the church are unfriendly. 

Make immediate plans for evaluating the youth 
program of your church. Discover how it can be 
strengthened and initiate action to get the job 

May is Youth Month — Youth Sunday is May 

19 recognize your young people, encourage 

them to participate meaningfully in the total 
cluirch progi'am! 

SERIES of four filmstrips on camping objectives, 
'~\ administration, counseling and program are now 
'/ailable from the Board of Christian Education film- 
j'ip library. 

) Camp staffs aci-oss the brotherhood are now being 
Mected and will be meeting for training sessions. This 
fries of filmstrips is offered to aid you in definite and 
arposeful staff training. 

The four filmstrips are done in color drawings and have 
■cords. Should your camp staff wish to use any or all 
these filmstrips, reservations should be made immed- 
tely giving us the date/s you will use them, number 
id title of the filmstrip/s and the name and address to 
hom they should be shipped. 

Each filmstrip is available for $1.00 rental fee from: 
oard of Christian Education, 524 College Avenue, Ash- 
ncl, Ohio 44805. 

Descriptions of this series follows: 

-'- Objectives - Christian Camping - 49 frames, color 

draws^ rec & man., 11 min., adults. 

This filmstrip follows Camp Director Dick as he pre- 
sents features and reasons for Christian camping. He 

is "on the spot" in opening scenes, attempting to sell 
a church board on the value of camping. Reluctant 
board members are not easily persuaded, but do listen 
attentively as Dick presents his case for Christian 

N-3 Administration - Christian Camping - 50 frames, 
color draws, rec & man., 12 min., adult. 

Filmstrip begins as the Camp Committee selects 
Dick as Camp Director. His numerous duties are pre- 
sented and patterns are offered for efficient camp ad- 
ministration. The administrative staff members are 
introduced and their contributions to the practical and 
spiritual ministries of camp highlighted. Camping is 
shown to be not without its humorous highlights. 

N-4 The Counselor - Christian Camping - 44 frames, 
color draws, rec & man., 10 min., adult. 

Filmstrip opens with Camp Director Dick anticipat- 
ing the arrival of the camp staff for the pre-camp 
training sessions. Andy soon appears, a first time 
counselor. His progress through the training sessions 
is pictured as he learns camping techniques and skills 
and receives spiritual preparation for his camp min- 

N-5 The Program - Christian Camping - 50 frames, 
color draws, rec & man., 11 min., adult. 

Filmstrip presents Camp Director Dick lecturing in 
a college camping course. With assistance of his flip- 
cards he shows the pattern for establishing a camp 
program consistent with its objectives through four 
steps: Determining Camp Objectives, Selecting Pro- 
gram Pattern, Considering Program Principles, and 
Choosing Program Elements. Questions from bright 
college students keep Dick alert and add interest. 

Page Twenty-eight 

The Brethren Evangelisjl 


...Cameron, W. Virginia 

During the month of October we organized and elected 
the following officers: 

President Doug Murphy 

V. President Brenda Murphy 

Secretary Millie Williams 

Treasurer David Chambers 

We also started studying the questions on Judges for 
the quiz team. We have done this every meeting and we 
will hopefully have a team for Conference. We also at- 
tended a Youth Rally at Johnstown, Pa. 

In the month of November we devoted one meeting 
toward discussing the Youth Covenant. Since we were 
just organizing in October, this program had to wait until 

A Christmas program was presented to the church on 
December 17. We had a bake sale in December and 
earned $43.10 which went toward our national project. 
We went caroling on December 17 and had a Christmas 
party on the 22nd. 

During the month of January we attended a Youth 
Rally at Vandergrift, Pa. 

Our church had a revival and we helped plan the pro- 
gram. Some of the youth participated in duets, solos, 
and group singing. 

In Februai-y we had a sled riding party and in March 
we are planning a Tag Day. Plans are also in the making 
for an Easter bake sale. 

During these past months the youth have kept regular 
attendance at Bible Study and we have 18 members in 
our youth group. 

— Millie Williams, 

. . . Highland, Pennsylvania 

The combined BYC of the Highland Brethren Church 
elected new officers recently: 

President Harold Moore 

V. President Eric Phillips 

Secretary Deborah Hill 

Ass't. Secretary Roy Phillips 

Treasurer Bruce Ross 

Ass't. Treasurer Nadine Moore 

The past year has been a very active one for our 
group. We participated in devotional services on four 
Sunday afternoons at the County Home for Men and 

the one for Women; we had charge of Sunrise Servic ] 
and Youth Sunday and attended Youth Conference. W " 
helped serve at two fellowship suppers at the church anli 
attended combined monthly class meetings at variou|j 
homes. We held a roller skating party and an old fashior i 
ed taffy pull. We climaxed the year by caroling followe i 
by a popcorn party. ij 

We are planning a year of activity to include a swim af 
the YWCA soon and a car wash and Slave Day to obtai | 
funds for the B.Y. Project. 

The Ten Mile Church of the Brethren youth meet wit . 
our youth on Sunday evenings and also participate i f 
most of the activities. 

— Nadine Moore, 
retiring secretary 

...Gretna, Ohio 


The BYC at Gretna began the new year with the elC' 
tion of officers: ' 

President Ruth Deardurff ' 

V. President Dwight Skidmore 

Secretary Marcia McPherson 

Treasurer Paul Deardurff 

We have sold a name brand vanilla to help raise func 
for the National BYC Project. 

The seniors have been studying the book Witnessin' 
MiMle Easy by C. S. Lovett. ; 

The Halloween Party was held in the church basemen I 
Everyone wore unusual costumes that were judged ar; 
prizes were presented. 

There were 24 members of youth and the young adu 
Sunday school class that went caroling on December 2 
After making 10 calls on the sick and older members 
the community, they all gathered for hot chocolate ai 
cookies at the home of the president, Ruth Deardurff. 

This winter the youth have formed a choir under tl 
direction of Mrs. Mike McPherson. 

The Junior and Senior groups are meeting together 
study the book of Judges. 

. . . Ashland, Ohio j 

The Intermediate Youth of the Park St. Church ha 
had a very good year. We have had a good spiritu 
New Years party held on New Year's Eve. We first h 
a time of fun and fellowship^ then went to the chur 
for the purpose of seeing the old year out and the n(' 
year in. We also had a pizza party during the year. 

Each member has shared in the planning of a progra. 
each week. 

Many of our meetings are very inspiring and devotii 
al and bring us close to our Heavenly Father. 

We have had debates, question and answer sessio:; 
and skits on Bible verses and various kinds of disc 
sions about the differences between Christians and m ■ 

— Rebecca Solomon, 



iarch 30, 1968 

...County Line, Indiana 

Page Xwenty-nine 

. . Pleasant HiSf. Ohio 

The kick-off fur County Line Jr. BYC was a hayride 
ollowed by a wiener roast at our sponsor's house. At 
>ur first 'October meeting we discussed future plans — 
in attendance contest, goals, the purchase of a large 
outh bulletin board and fund raising programs. 
In October we elected officers: 

President Russell King 

V. President Russell Mangus 

(delegate to the Youth Council) 

Secretary Chris Heyde 

Treasurer Bonnie Good 

We started an eight-week attendance campaign. Later 
ti October we met at our sponsors, the Kings, for a 
larty. We made decorations for the new bulletin board. 

Early in November we had a scrap paper drive to raise 
noney for the National Project. Due to everybody's ex- 
ellent cooperation we had a successful drive. We donated 
aoney to the Jr. High youth to assist them in getting 
heir BYC program started. 

In December we started the first of monthly fellowship 
fieetings held on Sunday afternoons. At these meetings 
TO use games at the church provided by different class- 
s and groups for our recreation. Along with other youth 
ti the church we went Christmas caroling on December 
3 followed by chile and hot chocolate served by our 

Some of our well-attended meetings have been high- 
iighted by Tater Talks, board of experts, "Chalk Talks" 
md other interesting programs. 

Our well rounded youth programs of the church are 
)eing directed by Mrs. Frank Barker. 

— Randy Richard, 

The Pleasant Hill Senior BY officers for this year are: 

President Mark Noll 

V. President Jan Kraus 

Secretary Jane Noll 

Treasurer Betsy Kraus 

Our advisor is Miss Maxine Delcamp. 

In September we had a visitation night which brought 
four more people to our next meeting. For October we 
had a Halloween party in a local barn. In December we 
were invited to our advisor's house for a Christmas party. 
1967 was an active year with regular Sunday night meet- 
ings when at all possible. 

After a joyous Christmas we started the new year out 
with about 10 members. January brought a bowling 
party with a hearty meal afterwards. This month we 
are in the process of planning a public service. 

— Jane Noll, 

. . . Ardmore, Indiana 

Our youth group has grown to twenty members. Most 
of the members are regular in attendance. 

We are selling combs to raise money for the National 
Project and for our building fund. 

In February we had a sledding party. We are looking 
forward to a joint meeting of fun and spiritual fellow- 
ship with the County Line Juniors. 

We have started studying the book of Judges. 

— Michael Borton, 

Sfro^tiic^M o^n. t%^C(tM(^ ^ ^ ^ 

I 'HE National Board of Christian Education would 
1 like to compliment the Indiana Board of Christian 
education for their excellent planning and development 
)f Leadership Training Schools in both Northern and 
j3outhern Districts of Indiana! The response to these 
.vorkshops reveals the interest and concern for better 
Taining on the part of our Hoosier Brethren. 

A report of the N. Indiana Training School is given 
lere and we wish to congratulate all who completed the 
equirements for this program! 

The N. Indiana District Leadership Training School 
ivas completed on March 4, 1968. A total of 7 meetings 

on successive weeks of 1 % hours each with an enroll- 
ment of 133 pupils and 10 staff members makes up the 
statistics for this effort. Ten churches participated in 
the School with an average attendance of 121 (including 

Below is a list of the eight courses which were offered, 
the instructors and enrollment. 

The listing here, by home church, are those pupils 
who met the requirements of attendance (minimum of 
five out of seven classes) and satisfactory class achieve- 

Page Thirty 




Living with Teenagers 


Church Music 


Teaching Primaries 


How to Visit 


Error and Basic Christianity 


How to Study the Bible 


The Superintendent and His School 


Practice Teaching 

The Brethren £vangelis| 

Rev. John Byler J 

IMrs. Mary Crowe J 

Rev. and Mrs. Bradley Weidenhamcr | 
Rev. C. William Cole | 

Rev. Frank Barker 
Rev. Sam Stinson 
Rev. Richard Allison 
Rev. Waldo Gaby and 
Rev. Kent Bennett 

I. Living with Teenagers 

1. Ardmore 

Shirley Sparks 

2. County Line 

Betty Beeman 
Charles King 

3. Elkhart - Winding Waters 

Mrs. Catherine White 

4. Goshen 

Mrs. Richard Allison 
Mrs. Warren Bowman 
Eric Huber 

5. Nappanee 

Aletta Schneider 
Fran Wegmiller 

6. South Bend 

Eileen Carothers 
Betty Goodrick 
Mary Jane Teske 

II. Church Music 

1. Ardmore 

Mrs. C. WiHiam Cole 
Rosaline Chapla 

2. County Line 

Vera Carpenter 

3. Elkhart - First Brethren 

Mrs. Raymond Yoder 

4. Goshen 

Mrs. DeFoe Ecklebarger 
Mrs. Albert Overholt 
Mrs. Wayne Wogoman 

5. MUford 

Elsie Templen 

6. Nappanee 

Mrs. Sandra Sharp 

7. North Liberty 

Donna Bennett 

8. South Bend 

Agnus Rose 

9. New Paris 

Mrs. Dean Morehouse 

III. Teaching Primaries 
1. Ardmore 

Mrs. R. E. Marlowe 
Judith Rohde 

3. County Line 
Naomi Ford 
Connie McCuddy 

3. Elkhart - First Brethren 
Mrs. Charles Lowmaster 
Harold Whybrew 

4. Goshen 

Mrs. Kenneth Dunlap 
Mrs. Eric Huber 
Mrs. Robert Kropf 

5. MUford 

Mrs. Gordon Rhodes 

6. South Bend 

Helene Hostettler 
Karen Lasley 

7. New Paris 

Mrs. John Cline 

Mrs. Bette Fairweather 

Mrs. Waldo Gaby 

IV. How to Visit 

1. Ardmore 

Bertha Wyatt 

2. County Line 

Mi's. Marion Richard 

3. Elkhart - First Brethren 

Judy Spratt 

4. Milford 

Wilma Bixler 

Mrs. Charles Kerlin 

Lois Scott 

5. North Liberty 

Bertha Strope 
Walter Strope 
Paul Whitmer 
Mrs. Paul Whitmer 
Arlene Oberly 
John Oberly 
(i. South Bend 

Mrs. John Porte 

V. Error and Basic Christianity 

1. Ardmore 

Mrs. Arthur Carpenter 

2. County Line 

Carolyn Johnson 
Pauline Peffley 

3. Elkhart - First Brethren 

Walter Lichtenberger 

4. Elkhart - Winding Waters 

Sally Ellis 

5. Goshen 

Tom Evans 

Mi-s. Forrest Kerlin 

Mrs. Harold Troeger 

6. Milford 

Joe Estep 
Mrs. Joe Estep 
Ed Huber 
Louise Huber 

7. Nappanee 

Jerald Freet 
Mrs. Jerald Freet 
Roman Mast 
Inez Schmucker 
Dick Secrist 
Mrs. Dick Secrist 
Jack Tobias 
Devon Hossler 
Virginia Hossler 

8. South Bend 

Lois Byler 
Harley Firestone 
Sanford Goodrick 

VI. How to Study the Bible 

1. Ardmore 

Pearl Basham 
Barbara Borton 
Dorothy Corder 
Mrs. Charles Vandermark 

2. County Line 

Helen Gillis 
Mary Wicks 

3. Elkhart - First Brethren 

Mrs. Earl Smith 
Mrs. Richard Troup 

4. Goshen 

Sue Evans 
Larry Gill 
Sandy Gill 

5. Nappanee 

Fredonna Arnott 

Mary Ellen Best 

Ruth Doering 

Norma Geyer ; 

Verna Lou Hosteller 

Sally Stump 

Dorothy Tobias 

6. North Liberty | 

Elvvood Renz i 

7. South Bend ' 

Ruth Ragle 

VII. The Superintendent and fli^ 
School ( 

1. Ardmore ■ 

Don Basham I 

Robert Black ! 

2. County Line ] 

Everett Gillis 

3. Elkhart - Winding Waters | 

Ellis Weston 

Page Thirty-one 



Mrs. Phillip Warner 

Dan Schneider 
Practice Teaching 

Gerald Chapla 

Nancy Vandermark 

2. County Line 

Mrs. Frank Barker 

3. Goshen 

Mrs. Waitman Johnston 
Lynn Stump 

4. Milford 

Glen Bbcler 
Emily Fisher 


Mrs. Harold Weygand 
New Paris 

Donnabelle Smith 
South Bend 

John Porte 




CENTURIES AGO, the stately Dogwood tree proudly 
reached toward heaven in praise and in supplica- 
Dn. The cross — that which bore Christ's body, was 
>wn from this proud Dogwood tree. 
So great was the tree's humility that it grew twisted 
agony, gnarled with disgrace, bent and slender in 
eekness. Its true grain was strained by His blood, for- 
mer to remain a living symbol of His pain and suffering. 
On Easter morning the Dogwood tree caught the rad- 
nce of New Life and Reawakened Hope, and burst forth 
an array of soft white splendor. Four delicate petals 
each bloom formed a cross — each edge marked with 
■own nail prints. A crown of thorns, as He wore, formed 
le center of each blossom. And down through the long 
■nturies of time, the Dogwood tree, with its downy 
hite petals, vividly reminds us of the precious gift He 
ive on Calvary, and of His promises^ which were ful- 
led on the first Easter morning. 

"Beneath the Cross of Jesus" 

ineath the cross of Jesus I fain would take my stand, 
le shadow of a mighty Rock within a weary land; 

home within the wilderness, A rest upon the way, 
Irom the burning of the noonday heat. And the burden 
I of the day. 


pon the cross of Jesus Mine eye at times can see 

ae very dying form of One Who suffered there for me; 

And from my smitten heart with tears. Two wonders I 

The wonders of His glorious love_ And my own worth- 



Lord, now that spring is in the world, 

And every tulip is a cup 
Filled with the wine of Thy great love. 

Lift Thou me up. 

Raise Thou my heart as flowers arise 

To greet the glory of Thy day. 
With soul as clean as lilies are, 

And white as they. 

Let mo not fear the darkness now. 

Since Life and Light break through Thy tomb; 
Teach me that doubts no more oppress, 

No more consume. 

Show me that Thou are April, Lord, 

And Thou the flowers and grass; 
Then, when awake the soft spring winds, 

I'll hear Thee pass! 

— Charles Hanson Towne 

Rev. & Mrs. Albert T. Ronk page Thirty-two The Brethren EvangeU 

27 High St. 

Ashland^ Ohio 44805 


"If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall 
believe in thine heart that God has raised him from the dead thou 
shalt be saved. 

"For with the heart, man believeth unto righteousness; and 
with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" 

{Romans 10:9, 10) 



"For the scripture saith. Whosoever believeth on him shall not be 
ashamed, for there is no difference between the Jew and 
the Greek; for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call 
upon him. For whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall 
be saved" 

(Romans 10:1 I, 12, 13) 



"How shall they call on him in whom that have not believed? and 
how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? 
and how shall they hear without a preacher? and how shall they 
preach, except they be sent?" 

(Romans 10:14, 15) 


Support World Missions 


530 College Avenue 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


tfee fr<i^c 4 

^ol. XC 

APRIL 13. 1968 

No. 8 



I. ST 


Editor of Publications Rev. Spencer Gentle 

Hoard of Editorial Consuitants 

Woman's Missionary Society. .Mrs. Charlene Rowser 
National Laymen's Organization . Ralph Fairbanks 

Missionary Board Mrs. Marion M. Mellinger 

Sisterhood Kathy Miller 

Contributiiis Editors: 
Board of Christian Education: 

Youth Commission Beveily Summy 

Adult Commission Rev. Fred Burkey 

Spiritual Meditations Rev. Dyoll Belote 

Book Reviews Rev. Richard E. Allison 

Published biweekly (twenty-six issues iier year) 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: 323-7271 

Terms of Subscription: 
$4.00 per year single subscription 

Entered as second class postage paid at Ashland, 
Ohio. Accepted for mailing at special rate, section 
1103, Act of Oct. 3, 1917. Authorized Sept. 3, 1928. 

Change of Address: In ordering change of ad- 
dress, please notify at least three weeks in adx'ance. 
giving both old and new address. 

Remittances: Send all money, business commuiii- 
cations and contributed articles to above address. 

Prudential Committee: 

Elton Whitted, President; Richard Poorbaugh, 
Vice President; Rev. George W. Solomon. 

In This Issue: 

Notes and Comments 2 

Editorial: "The Resurrection" 3 

Cover Page: "The Resurrection" 4 

The Missionary Board 5 

Sisterhood 7 

Woman's Missionary Society 8 

Pastors' Conference Speaker 8 

"The Conquering Christ" 

by Rev. R. Glen Traver 9 

News from the Brethren 11 

Memorials 12 

Weddings 12 

"Evening Walks with Jesus Over the Sea 

to Gerasa" by Rev. George W. Solomon 13 

"Marriage Is a Divine Institution" 
by K. Prasantha Kumar 15 

Dr. Glenn L. Clayton Is Honored 16 

Warsaw, Indiana, Report 27 

World Religious Nevi-s in Review 28 

Board of Chi-istian Education 29 



GROUNDBREAKING services will be conduc 
at the new church site near Mansfield, Ol 
on Sunday afternoon, April 28, 1968, at 3 o'clo 
The site is located on 30 North appro.ximately o 
half mile west of highway number 314. 

Everyone is invited to attend this service 
which the Mansfield Brethren have been waiting | 
some time. The name of the new church will ! 
The Walcrest Brethren Church of Mansfield, Ol . 


CONGRATULATIONS are in order for Rew i| 
Mrs. Jim Black of Waterloo, Iowa, upon i 
arrival of a little boy on Wednesday, March J 
1968. He has been named Glenn Russell and we: j| 
ed in at 8 pounds and 15 ounces. i 

Rev. Black is the pastor of the First Breth r 
Church in Waterloo, Iowa. He and Mrs. Black h • 
4 other children, making them 4 boys and 1 gir j 


THE PRINTING of the book entitled: "Hist|i 
of the Brethren Church" is coming along \ y 
nicely, in fact, it is over one-half printed at S 
date. Upon completion of printing it will be i 
to the binders for binding. It should be ready 
the market within a short time. 

To date only about 700 copies have been sole 
the pre-publication price. In order to meet the 
penses of printing, some 1500 copies should 
sold. It is not too late to purchase your copy at 
reduced price of $6.25 plus 25c handling cost 
25c sales tax if you live in Ohio. We urge yoi 
send in your order today! 


Duplicates from the Seminaiy Library W 
be on sale during the Pastors' Conference jBl 
Faith and Order. 

Come Prepared! 

I'il 13, 1968 

Vage Three 




e Resurrection is 

Tlie Keswrrectioii 

the n eality of the 

assurance of L ternal life 

through the ^ aving grace of God. 

It is a better U nderstanding 

of our n esponsibilities 

to the n esurrected Christ. 

It is the C ver present 

assurance of v» hrist to the believer 

as he I otally 

submits himself I nto God's hands. 

It is loving none \j ther than 

Jesus who N ever fails! 

Page Four 

the cover page . 

The Brethren Evangei 


"Good News for Modern Man' 

AFTER the Sabbath, as Sun- 
day morning was dawning, 
Mary Magdalene and the other 
Mary went to loolc at the grave. 
Suddenly there was a strong 
earthquake ; an angel of the Lord 
came down from heaven, rolled 
the stone away, and sat on it. 
His appearance was like light- 
ning and his clothes were white 
as snow. The guards were so 
afraid that they trembled and 
became like dead men. 

The angel spoke to the women. 
"You must not be afraid," he 
said. "I know you are looking 
for Jesus who was nailed to the 
cross. He is not here; he has 
risen, just as he said. Come here 

and see the place where he lay. 
Quickly now, go and tell liis di- 
sciples: 'He has been raised 
from death, and now he is going 
to Galilee ahead of you; there 
you will see him!' Remember 
what I have told you." So they 
left the grave in a hurry, afraid 
and yet filled with joy, and ran 
to tell his disciples. 

Suddenly Jesus met them and 
said, "Peace be with you." They 
came up to him, took hold of his 
feet, and worshipped him. "Do 
not be afraid," Jesus said to 
them. "Go and tell my brothers 
to go to Galilee, and there they 
will see me." 

Matthew 28:1-10 

From "Good News for Modern Man," the Mew 
itient in Today's English Version with line drawini 
Swiss artist Annie VciUotton, published by the Ami^ 
Bible Society, 1865 Broadivay, Neiv York-, Neiv 
10023. Copyriyht 19fi6 

iril 13, 1968 

Page Five 



"!HE Manteca Brethren Church has 
recently approved the architec- 
al design and the floor plans for 
|ir new church building. With this 
proval, the architect is now work- 
it on the final plans and specifica- 
ns. His work should be finished in 
)ut two months. 

The new building will be a "T" 
ipe. It will provide adequate room 
the present congregation and can 
added on to for future expansion, 
s sanctuary will feature exposed 
i curved "glulam" beams overhead. 
; back of the platform will have 
-w-drapes behind a suspended wood- 
cross. The drapes can be opened 
view the baptistry, which will be 
ee feet above the platform level. 
e sanctuary will be designed to 
t 160 for the present, but can be 

expanded to seat about 250 in the fu- 
ture. The present sanctuary seats 
125. The rear of the sanctuary will 
feature stained glass windows to 
provide ample "over the shoulder" 

The two wings will provide class- 
rooms, a nursery, a cry-room rest- 
rooms and a study; plus a kitchen 
and multipurpose room. The wings 
are so designed that they can be 
added onto in the future as needs 
demand. The entry opens into a nar- 
thex or foyer which provides a good 
flow of traffic. The pastor's study 
will be to one side of the narthe.x 
and the nursery to the other side. 
The halls run from either side of the 
narthex to the Sunday school rooms, 
rcstrooms, kitchen and social area. 
The entrance to the sanctuary will 


•hitect's sketch of the proposed new Manteca Brethren 

l.e straight ahead and will provide a 
quietness uninterrupted by activities 
in the wings. 

These new facilities will provide 
the church with space for up to 
eighteen classes as compared with 
the present 13 classes. They will 
provide increased space for the wor- 
ship services, as well as for the social 
functions of the church. The archi- 
tectural design is pleasing and should 
add to the new community in which 
it will be built. 

The estimated cost of construction 
is around $100,000, and the members 
of the Manteca Church are preparing 
to do their best in this matter. As 
they have given in the past to help 
their sister church relocate, they will 
now dig down deep to help themselves 
obtain much needed new facilities. 
The local church finance committee 
began an Every Member Canvass last 
month. They are aiming at $40,000 in 
cash and pledges from the local 
church. The present church build- 
ing and lot will be sold and the pro- 
ceeds will go toward the new build- 
ing. On top of this, each one who 
reads this article has the opportunity 
to help through the Ten Dollar Club. 
The call for January to June 1968 
goes to the Manteca Brethren Church 
to help in their re-location efforts. 
Thus you can share with your breth- 
ren in California by sending your gift 
to the Missionary Board. The Man- 
teca Church is grateful for the Ten 
Dollar Club Call which has been giv- 
en to them and for the many prayers 
of the brotherhood. Surely, God will 
bless each of us as we share in His 

Page Six 

The Brethren Evangel!^ 


npHE DISCIPLES' full consecration of their lives to ful- 
1 fill the Lord Jesus Christ's life purpose sets an ex- 
ample for each of us. Let us carry on the work that 
our loved ones carried close to their hearts during their 
lifetime. Death need not end our loved ones' concern for 
the program of The Brethren Church. 

A memorial gift may be specified for the work in our 
missionary pi-ogram closest to the heart of the deceased. 
How beautiful to know that others are being saved in 
memory of those already called home. A memorial gift 
is one that truly endures all time because the support 
to carry on the Lord's mission is so much more lasting 
than flower or even granite monuments. 

In tribute to the late Reverend Earl M. Riddle, D.D., 
it was written that, "Until the day he left to go into the 
marvelous light of his Lord, he thought and worked and 
encouraged the great first work of the church which 
is missions." 

At the time of his death, April 13th, just five years 
ago, his work for missions continued in the memorial 
gifts of over 5300 presented to the Missionary Board. 
This was an eloquent tribute to the faith of Brother 
Riddle that a continuing memorial carried on his out- 
reach of the Gospel. 

Then when his wife, also beloved among the brethren, 
died September 10, 1967, considerable additional memor- 
ials to her carried on their lives' work. 

Also, the Reverend Doctor and IVIrs. Earl M. Riddle 
made the second loan to the Revolving Fund at its in- 
ception and it was their plan to leave this as a gift to 
the Revolving Fund someday. Ever since 1959 this size- 
able loan has assisted the extension progreun in Home 
Missions and it will continue to do so now as a gift to 
The Brethren Church following the death of Besse Riddle. 

They gave so much of themselves in life and left their 
worldly goods to do the Lord's work hereafter. They are 
truly worthy of emulation. 

This past season many memorial gifts were made to 
the Missionary Board and we look on each individual 
memorial in fond remembrance of that one now with the 

MEMORIAL gift to World Missions from the moth- 
er of Paul Holderbaum of Canton, Ohio, killed in an 
automobile accident. 

In memory of A. J. Duncan and Pearl Riner Du 
can a gift was received from their daughter, Mi 
Lilly P. Duncan, for Home Missions. 

Your loved one's name will be perpetuated at the M 
sionary Board and his witness will live on through o 
continuing ministi-y in missions. When a memorial g j 
is received along with the name of the nearest relativ 
a card such as the one shown herewith will be forward 
to the bereaved. i 

LI ^A^tOiiia cL/llemolial a'lii 

in the memory of 

has been given to the 
Missionary Board of The Brethren Church 


"He that believeth in nie, though he were dead ; ;| 
shall he live." ■■ 


A gift in memory of Mr. and Mrs. John A. Rishel 
by Mr. Rishel's sister, Mary E. Ringler. 

Reverend and Mrs. Paul E. Eillheimer, close friends 
of Reverend Arthur H. Tinkel, gave a memorial 
gift to foreign missions in memory of Lydia M. 
Tinkel, deceased wife of Reverend Tinkel 

The Junior Church of Vinco, Pennsylvania, Church 
directed a memorial gift to our South American 
mission in fond momoi-y of Sister Betty Good, as- 
sistant director for many years in the Junior 


YV7E FELL a little short on the Golden Ga/ 
*» Florida, call but are pleased to have ii 
$9967 to apply to the cost of the site. This is iAJ 
first time since 1965 that we did not reach c^ 
$10,000 goal. 

To date we have received $6100 for the M;-' 
teca Brethren Church with three months to go aj^ 
many contributions not received yet. 



trU 13 



Page Seven 






Mr. and Mrs. Paul Bird 

Berlin, Pennsylvania, 


Christian Crusader's Class 

Canton, Ohio, 


LaVon E. Fox 

Loree, Indiana, 


Mr. and Mrs. James Gable 

Loree, Lidiana, 


Mel'ba G. Gardner 

Nappanee, Indiana, 


Mr. and Mrs. Gene Geaslen 

Mansfield, Ohio, 


Gleaner's Class 

Waterloo, Iowa, 


Carson Gould 

Fort Wayne, 


Mrs. Cora Grove 

Linwood, Maryland, 


Laymen's Organization 

Gratis, Ohio, 


Laymen's Organization 

Wabash, Indiana, 


Loree Sunday School Class No. 1 

Loree, Indiana, 


Loree Sunday School Class No. 8 

Loree, Indiana, 


Mr. and Mrs. Jerry L. Miller 

Loree, Indiana, 


Robert E. Miller 

Vinco, Pennsylvania, 


Wilbur Priebe 

Waterloo, Iowa, 


Mr. and Mrs. R. Michael Shank 

Dayton, Ohio, 


Nadine J. Vanderau 

Waterloo, Iowa, 


Congratulations to Jeriy Miller at Loree, Indiana Church as the Ten 
)llar Club solicitor. Five new members for Loree! 


chmiller 's 

C hatter box — 

I Spring is sprung 

; The grass is riz. 

; I wonder where 

' The flowers is? 

Y 7ELL, the English isn't spectacular, but it's the 

V thought that counts, right? Now that spring has 
?un to show evidence of being here to stay, I'm getting 
patient. I want to see all the trees in bloom and flow- 
; everywhere. How about you? Don't you get excited 
en spring comes? At this very moment, I'd love to 

jie a walk through a woods with squishy ground, and 
'^ wild daisies and pussy willows, two of my "fa\'orite 

jMost of you probably enjoy such things, too, but do you 

really appreciate them, or just take advantage of them 
because they're there? It's a miracle to me that this 
time every year, new life begins. God gave us all this 
wonder and beauty. Do we ever stop to thank Him for 
it? When you were little, you probably prayed something 
like this, "Thank You, God, for the trees, and the flow- 
ers, and the birds." Now that you're older, you may think 
that praying about such things is childish and perhaps 
even silly. Can you imagine^ though, what this world 
would be like if we didn't have all these things? Thank 
God for them every day. 

Try getting excited over spring, and daisies, and pussy 
willows, and you'll see that you appreciate everything a 
little more. 



ians 2:11 


Page Eight 


The Brethren EvangelU 



nPHERE IS SUCH A NEED TODAY for encourage- 
1 ment. Many Christians have the tendency of grow- 
ing weary in well doing, and then a word of encourage- 
ment, like an injection of vitamins into our system, brings 
cheer, inspiration and renewed vitality into our service 
for Him. With a word of encouragement, we are seem- 
ingly rewarded for our past efforts and ready and eager 
for more dedicated service. 

When was the last time you spoke words of encourage- 
ment to your Sunday school teacher? Does he or she 
know you appreciate their efforts? Do you give words 
of encouragement to your minister? Have you ever told 
the Youth Leaders of your church how much you appre- 
ciate the work they are doing? Does your Sunday 
school superintendent fulfill his duties each Sunday while 
never being commended for his faithfulness? Then how 
about the young Christians who need constant encourage- 

We need to give encouragement to our leaders and of- 
ficers, but we also need to encourage one another. Re- 
cently in a letter from a friend was enclosed an article 
entitled "Encouragement" and what we can learn from a 
rooster. It has been a long time since I have seen a 
rooster. My thinking of a rooster is one who crows 
loudly and struts proudly. As a child I can remember 
when I went outside the yard gate I had to watch out 
for fear the rooster might fight me. I believe the rooster 
can give us food for thought as well as food for nourish- 

This article said the Lord used a rooster to convict 
Peter. The Master will use any Christian following the 
rules adhered to by the rooster. 

1. He rises early and immediately begins his God-given 
task (crowing). 

2. The rooster does not refuse to crow because he can- 
not sing like a canary. 

3. He energetically does that which is no\er praised. 
(Who ever heard, "Did you listen to that rooster 
crow? Hasn't he a charming voice?) 

4. He awakens sleepers (unpopular, but often neces- 

5. He is the proclaimer of good news: The arrival of a 
new day with God-given privileges and responsibilities. 

6. He is dependable. He is persistent. He is a first-class 
advertiser, for he loudly heralds the good news done 
by his associates. 

7. He never complains about having to do the same 
common tasks, and he does not worry about compen- 
sation or the receiving of recognition. 

Now do you feel that if you would follow these rul 
adhered to by the rooster, that you would be a more i 
fective witness for Him? Maybe you do not have 
beautiful voice for singing, or you cannot play an insti 
ment, and you find it difficult to speak before the publ 
Yet, you can encourage those that do have special talei 
Really I believe that to be an "encourager" is a talei 
All of us need to cultivate it. So let us go forth encoi' 
aging one another in the Christian faith. 


guest speaker 
Pastors' Conference 




of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, wi 
be the guest speaker for the Pastors' Conference : 
Faith and Order | 

Dr. Docherty was born in Glasgow, Scotland, a: 
received his M.A. in 1935 and his B.D. in 1938 from t 
Glasgow University in Scotland. 

His ministry has included the following: minister 
Co-adjuster at the Barony of Glasgow, doing special yoii 
work under the lona Trust from 1944-47. He was m\ 
ister at the North Church in Aberdeen from 1947 to 19(1 
He was called to the New York Avenue Presbyterii 
Church in Washington, D.C., on March 30, 1950. ij 

Tlie Doctor of Divinity degree was conferred upon hJ 
by the Temple University of Philadelphia, Pennsylvar'. 
in June of 1930. The Doctor of Letters degree was c ■ 
feired upon him by Monmouth College of Monmou . 
Illinois, in June of 1957. 

Dr. Docherty has appeared regularly on televis i 
under the auspices of the Council of Churches, Natio 1 
Capital Area, on the program, "This We Believe." ' 
appears regularly on a brief devotional program "Tch ' 
in Your Life," morning and evening on a local televis i 

He has written a book of sermons entitled "One W ' 
of Living," published by Harper and Brothers in Atiiil ■ 

Dr. Docherty promises to be a most interesting spc • 
er for the conference. 

LprU 13, 1968 

Page Nine 


Revelation 10:1-11 
Part XXV 


place chapter 10 fills in the total perspective of 
le book of Revelation. J. A. Seiss believes it to be a 
)ntinution of "the blast of the sixth trumpet" and cites 
L:14 as a substantiation of his position (The Apocalypse, 
223). T. F. Glasson, on the other hand, thinks of this 
lapter as "an introduction to the blowing of the seventh 
umpet, which is mentioned in verse 7 but is not sound- 
1 until we reach 11:15" (The Revelation of John, in 
he Cambridge Commentary, p. 63). Others, including 
ehman Strauss, John Barclay, John Walvoord, and M. 
. Morris, would rather consider chapter 10 as a paren- 
lesis, or interlude, which comes between the sixth and 
le seventh trumpet-judgments ("the second and the 
lird "woes"). This would follow a familiar pattern, 
ready noted in our study of chapter 7, which serves 
so as a parenthesis between the opening of the sixth 
id the seventh seals. 

The "parenthesis" or "interlude" view seems, to this 
riter, to carry the most weight, for, certainly there is 
break between the actual description of the sixth and 
i\enth trumpet-judgments. This break seems to sei've 
i a preparation for the great confrontations between 
hrist and Satan which will make up the major part of 
10 rest of the lx)ok (viz, 11:15 — 19:21). Regardless 
liich of these views we would consider to be correct, 
)\vever, we can agree that the main purpose of this 
lapter is to once more point out the certainty of Christ's 
)nquest over all the forces of evil and the consequent 
ilfillment of all the eternal purposes of God relative to 
I'ti and nations. 

Ill' angel which came down from heaven (1-3). 
Verse 1 begins with John's vision of "another mighty 
igel come down from heaven." Again, there is a differ- 
ice of opinion regarding just who this "angel" may be. 
ime feel it is one of the leading angels — perhaps 
ichael or Gabriel. Others believe it to be a special 
presentative of Christ, or perhaps even Christ, himself. 
ae description given here seems to this writer to al- 
DSt demand our considering at least the possibility 
lat this angel is the Lord Christ. The fact that we 
ue already had Him described as a "Lion" and as a 
^amb" makes it seem very possible that He could also 
' described in terms of an "angel" (cf. also 8:1-5). We 
ive also noted elsewhere in our studies that often in 
Old Testament times our Lord was pictured as "the 
igel of Yahweh," and thus, this could be considered as 
New Testament counterpart. 

Tlio description of tiiis angel also fits the description 
ven of our Lord in other sections of the Revelation. 

The mention of his being clothed "with a cloud" fits the 
allusion to Christ found in 1:7 where we read: "Behold, 
he Cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him." 
This "cloud" may represent a great host of angelic be- 
ings, a cloud of majesty and gloiy, or a cloud of wrath 
and judgment. Regardless which interpretation we might 
take, this "cloud" certainly seems to imply a divine, 
rather than an angelic presence. The added picture of 
a rainbow being upon his head also implies a divine 
presence (cf. with the rainix)w above the throne upon 
which GoA. sat, in chapter 4). Such a "rainbow" in 
Scripture often symbolizes covenant-grace and can only 
Ix" a direct reference to God and His Christ. 

The further mention of his face being "as it were 
the sun," and of his feet "as piUars of fire," suggests 
the parallel passage found in 1:15, 16 where our Lord 
is described as having "feet like unto fine brass, as if 
they burned in a furnace . . . and his countenance was 
as the sun shineth in his strength." Such a representa- 
tion speaks of His majestic glory and ]X)wer and cer- 
tainly cannot be applied to any more created being, 
either human or angelic. 

Verses 2 and 3 pix>vide us more information concern- 
ing this "angel" which best seems to fit the description 
of Christ found elsewhere in Revelation. The descrip- 
tion of his holding in his hand a little book, of his set- 
ting his feet upon the sea and on the earth, and of his 
cry as that of a lion roaring, followed by seven thunders 
— seems beyond all doubt to imply sovereign rule and 
authority which can only be attributed to Christ as the 
second member of the holy Trinity. This "little book" 
which is in His right hand seems to be in contradistinc- 
tion to the twok held in the right hand of God (5:1) — 
here seeming to suggest just one specific historical part 
of that book of redemptive history. It seems most likely 
that the information contained within this "little t)ook" 
is that which deals with God's plan and purpose in bring- 
ing to consummation this present age through the trib- 
ulation judgments, to be described in 11:13 — 19:21. 
The fact that the book was open seems to symbolize that 
it is the One Who holds the book Who will be able to 
interpret and fulfill these plans and pui-poses of God, as 
contained therein. The additional fact that it was held 
in His right hand would seem to suggest that it is 
Christ's omnipotent power and might which makes the 
out-pouring of these judgments possible. 

The picture, in verse 2b, of the angel setting his right 
foot on the sea amd his left foot on the earth, could very 
well suggest the sovereign right of Christ to rule and 
reign over the total of God's universe. Paul speaks of 

Page Ten 

The Brethren Evangelii 

this in terms of God highly exalting Him above all cre- 
ation and gi\-ing to Him "a name which is above every 
name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should 
bow, of things in heaven, and things on earth, and 
things under the earth; And that every tongue should 
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God 
the Father" (Phil. 2:9-11). The writer of Hebrews proves 
the superiority of Christ over both men and angels by 
quoting the words of the psalmist: "But to which of 
the angels said he at any time. Sit on my right hand, 
until I make thine enemies thy footstool" (Heb. 2:13)? 

The added information, in verse 3, of his crying "as 
when a lion roareth," is symbolic of His great power 
and authority. Such imagery was used by the prophets 
Joel, Hosea and Amos in their announcements of im- 
pending judgment and doom, and thus, implies the cer- 
tainty of God's power and might as being revealed 
through His Christ and the tribulation judgments to be 
dispensed by His hand. The same truth is again sug- 
gested in the mention of the se\en thunders uttering 
their voices (3b). 

Comparing Scripture with Scripture, it seems most 
likely, then, that the description of this "angel" of 
verses 1-3 could only point to one person — the Lord 
Jesus Christ Who shall come forth in all His glory, ma- 
jesty and power t(J conquer ex'ery foe, destroy every 
evil, and usher in His eternal reign! 
The certainty of God's judgments (4-10). 

For John there is no doubt but that what he is told 
concerning the judgments of God is truth that needs to 
be written down for all to read and understand. How- 
over, verse 4 tells us that when he was about to write, 
a voice from heaven commands him to "Seal up those 
things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them 
not." This is a most interesting prohibition, for, nowhere 
else do we find any of John's revelations sealed from 
prophetic declaration. Indeed, in the 22nd chapter and 
\erse 10 we read where John is commanded: "Seal not 
the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time 
is at hand." It seems most likely, then, that these par- 
ticular judgments, symbolized by the seven thunders, 
are to be more terrible than any thus far described — 
or, than those to be described hereafter. This prohibi- 
tion reminds us of Paul's experience in being caught up 
into the third heaven and there hearing "unspeakable 
words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter" (II Cor. 
12:4). Evidently, there are some things too wonderful 
— and others too terrible — for us to either appreciate 
or understand until (3<)d sees fit to make them present 
realities. This has nothing to do with the certainty of 
their fulfillment — only with our ability to comprehend. 

Verses 5, 6 tell us that the certainty of God's judg- 
ments rests upon the very character of God himself. 
This is brought out in the imagery of the angel lifting 
up his hand to heaven, and swearing "by him that liveth 
forever and ever, who created heaven, and the things 
that therein are, and the earth, and the things that 
therein are, and the sea, and the things which are 
therein." Certainly this picture of the omnipotent, etern- 
al and immutable (5od proves beyond doubt that all of 
His plans and purix>ses shall come to ultimate fulfill- 
ment. His delays are meant to reveal His love and grace 
rather than His inability to fulfill His eternal will (cf. 
II Peter 3:1-9). The latter part of verse 6 tells us that 
there is coming a day when "there should be time no 
longer" (RSV: "that there should be no more delay"). 

In that day, "the mystery of (Jod (shall) be finished, j 
he hath declared to his ser\'ants the prophets" (7b). ,' 
Merrill C. Tenney makes the following observation 
concerning this "mystery of God" mentioned in verse ^ 
"In this passage the 'mystery' is undoubtedly the pi- 
pose of God for the world, expressed in figurative or • 
legorical fashion. The 'mystei-y of (3od' thus refers p 
God's secret development of His plan through the i,- 
parently confhcting forces. The judgments may seem i 
be ineffective, but they converge on that moment wh,i 
God will bring history to an end and wUl establish 1;, 
rule directly. All the prophetic hopes and predictioi 
will come to fulfillment, explaining the pattern of histo;, 
as the last piece in a jig-saw puzzle makes the toy 
picture complete and clarifies the relation of the otb' 
parts to each other. . . . The 'mystery' is (5od's seci: 
work of grace which counter-acts the effect of sin a I 
which makes even human wickedness to further the - 
vine purpose because that wickedness is self-destru- 

"The 'seventh angel' represents the termination of 1; 
judgments of God. The open revelation of God's discipl- 
ary process is a solemn warning of the impending crii, 
God will not allow His purpose to be frustrated, r.* 
will He leave His work undone. The angel standi} 
astride the land and sea took a solemn oath that is 
mystery of God should be finished. Evil must be elimri 
ated, God's people must be vindicated, and creation mijt 
be restored to its pristine purity and peace. The sal - 
tion that has already begun within the hearts of ir-| 
viduals shall embrace all creation. The gathering of 13 
redeemed from every tongue and tribe and people al 
nation will be perfected in the city of God, and the evei^ 
of time will merge with the life of eternity" (The Be 6 
of Revelation, in Proclaiming The New Testament, V I 
V, pp. 51-54). ' j 

The "mystery of God" involves all the prophecies Q 
both tlie Old Testament and the New Testament pro 3 
ots (Joel, Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezeldel, D -j 
iel, Paul, Peter, John, etc., etc.). Such a "mystery" -j 
mands (and guarantees) that all history is to continua li 
move towards the inevitable fulfillment and triuir i| 
of all God's pre-ordained plans and purposes. All wroi f 
shall be made right; all evil shall be forever defea ii 
and destroyed; and every conflict of the ages betwf l» 
God and Satan for the souls of men shall end in to'Ij 
\ictory by the Conquering Christ! All who, in this 1 ,>! 
choose to be identified with this Christ, shall share WjH 
Him in His eternal conquest. All others shedl then kii'- 
that God's "mystery" pre-ordains their identification wt^ 
Satan in his eternal defeat and destruction. | 

Verse 8-10 reveal the feelings and emotions of evfi 
true prophet who has been entrusted with the pro<;.-f 
mation of this "mystery of God." Such a revelation cor s^ 
in the imagery of John taking the "little book" and c^Hi 
ing it until it became "in my mouth sweet as hen .'t 
and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter" (IC J} 
Perhaps two truths stand out in this imagery. It may,ai 
that John is here attempting to convey his conflicts 
feelings and emotions in the light of CJod's certjiij, 
judgments. In the knowledge that all such will forejrf; 
\indicate the suffering and sorrow of those who h ,efi 
been persecuted for righteousness sake — John coiId 
not help but be delighted, as a man with a mouth fl<( 
of honey. However, the knowledge that many shall ct 
under the eternal judgments of God and suffer term tj 


pril 13, 19^8 

Page Eleven 

irever, could not help but make him sick, as a man 
jhose "belly was bitter." No true prophet of God can 
Ike delight in the fact that some will be saved and 
Ihers lost. Such a one will even be saddened when he 
lintemplates the eternal suffering and loss of those 
iho have been his enemies. 

] There may also be another thought in the mind of 

ihn as he presents this imagery. It may be that he 

las delighted in the opportunity that was his to proclaim 

'ese unsearchable riches of God's "mystery." Such an 

iportunity was^ no doubt, as sweet to him as honey in 

e mouth of a hungry man. However, John also knew 

at such a proclamation of God's truth would generate 

jiflicts and tribulations which would trouble him far 

)i-se than a man being troubled by a very bitter stom- 

li. The misunderstanding, rejection, scorn, and even 

vsical suffering and death that often results from the 

thful proclamation of such truth as here presented, 

lid not escape the contemplation of this beloved Apos- 

as he hears the call to "go and take the little book 

lieh is open in the hand of the angel which standeth 

)n the sea and upon the earth" (8b). Verse 10, how- 

■r. makes it very clear that John did not hesitate to 

faithful to this command of God: "And I took the 

le book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up. . . ." 

I conclusion (11) 

This chapter closes with both a promise and a de- 

nd that John would "prophesy again before many 

iples, and nations, and tongues, and kings." It prom- 

ises him that his revelations would find a wide audi- 
ence — even world-wide in scope. Only those who have 
been given such a task as that of John can appreciate 
the feeling that must have come over him as this prom- 
ise was made known. However, it is more than a prom- 
ise — it is also a demand that he be true and faithful 
to the call and commission given him of God. Irrespec- 
tive the acceptance or the rejection by those he is to 
minister to, God demanded his total commitment to the 

God demands (and deserves) the same commitment 
from each one of us who also have heard His call. Ir- 
respective of consequences, we too must be found faith- 
ful to our task of proclaiming the unsearchable riches 
of the "mystery" of God. For John it meant a Patmos; 
for Paul it meant a guillatino; and for our Lord it meant 
a cross. What it will mean for us, we may not know at 
present. However, (3od's Word is clear — His call and 
commission are both a promise of divine presence and 
power, and a demand for total commitment whatever 
the cost. 

God's message is most urgent. It alone has power to 
transform men and nations and prepare them for life 
and death. It alone guarantees the final righting of all 
wrong and the vindication of divine justice. It alone re- 
veals a Conquering Christ Who shall one day put down 
all rule and authority and share His eternal glory with 
those who have lived their lives for Him. May God help 
us to also "eat" it and make it a very part of our being 
— and then to go out and proclaim it for all to hear! 

fnstown II, Penna. Rev. Joe Han- 
,a, pastor, reports that on Sunday 
l/ening, March 14, 1968, that the 
(lUowing were ordained as Deacons 
jid Deaconesses: Mr. and Mrs. 
limes Miller, Mrs. LeRoy Boyer 
iid Mr. Herbert Markley. Rev. 
'obert Hoffman and the pastor 
'ere in charge of the service. 

ton, Ohio. The Trinity Brethren 
Ihurch reports that the Mission 
bmmittee held its Mission Emph- 
';is Program for March 1 - 10 with 
|ev. Ray Aspinall speaking and 
liowing slides of the mission work 
I Argentina. 

'On Thursday evening, March 7, 
'v. David Millard showed slides 

of the work he is engaged in as a 
missionary to Rhodesia, Africa. 

On Sunday evening, March 10, 
the film "Through Gates of Splen- 
dor," the story of the martyrdom 
and triumph of five young mission- 
aries, was shown. 

Hopefully, the committee is look- 
ing forward to the largest Easter 
offering for World Missions in the 
history of the Trinity Brethren 

On the evening of Friday, March 
19, the Trinity Brethren was priv- 
ileged and pleased to present a 
concert given by the Ashland Col- 
lege Choir. This program was spon- 
sored by the Stark County Alumni 
Chapter of Ashland College and 

Trinity Brethren Church. Included 
in the program by the choir was 
music from the sixteenth to the 
twentieth centuries. 

Mansfield, Ohio. After several delays 
in building, Rev. Spencer Gentle, 
pastor, reports that financing has 
been approved by a local bank and 
that construction is to begin soon 
after May 1. The contractor is busy 
ordering materials and hiring sub- 
contractors. It is hoped that the 
congregation will be moving into 
the new church by late summer or 
early fall. 

Cerro Gordo, 111. Rev. Elmer Keck 
reports that the recent Spring 
Camp which was held in the Cerro 
Gordo Brethren Church was most 
successful. The program was in 
charge of David and Ellen Stogs- 
dUl. The attendance was very good 
and the sessions were most inspir- 


South Bend (Ardmore), Ind. — 5 by 
baptism . . . Me.vlco, Ind. — 3 by 
baptism . . . North Manchester, Ind. 

— 5 by baptism, 1 by letter . . . Wa- 
terloo, Iowa — 2 by baptism. 


Fuge Twelve 

The Brethren Evangel 


The following momoiials were sent 
in by Rev. W. E. Thomas, pastor of 
the Loree Brethren Church, Bunker 
Hill, Indiana, who officiated at each 
of the funeral sei-vices. 

GABLE. Funeral services for Wal- 
ter A. Gable were held on December 
8, 1967. Mr. Gable had attended and 
worked in the Loree Brethren Church 

for many years. 

BARGERHUFF. Funeral services 
for Mrs. Bertha Mae Bargerhuff were 
held on January 31, 1968. Mrs. Bar- 
gerhuff was a member of the Loree 
Brethren Church. 

SHROCK. Funeral services were 
conducted for Mr. Lloyd Shrock on 
February 9, 1968. Ho was a member 
and worker in the Loree Brethren 

MILLER. Funeral services for Mr. 
Ernest Miller were held on February 
20, 1968. He was a member of the 
Loree Brethren Church. 

SUMMY. Mrs. Rhoda M. Summy, 
age 92, passed away recently at the 
Brethren's Home in Flora, Indiana. 
Survivors include Mr. Ray Summy of 
Ashland, Ohio, a son. Miss Beverly 
Summy, Administrative Assistant in 
the Board of Christian Education 
office, is a gi-anddaughter. 

Funeral services were conducted 
by the undersigned at the Brethren's 
Home in Flora, Indiana. Burial was 
in the Leesburg Cemetery, Leesburg, 

Rev. Clarence Kindley 
* * * 

MILBURN. Mrs. Ethel Milburn of 
Logansport_ Indiana, passed away re- 
cently. She was 73 years of age. 

Mrs. Milburn was a member of the 
First Brethren Church in Flora, In- 
diana. Memorial services were con- 
ducted by the undersigned, burial 
was in the Burlington, Indiana, Ceni- 

Rev. Clarence Kindley 
« * * 

WEYGAND. Maude M. Weygand, 
age 82, passed away suddenly on 
March 9. 1968. Until the time of her 
passing she was a regular and faith- 
ful teacher of the Loyal 'Workers' 
Sunday School Class. Just five days 
before her decease she completed a 

seven - week Leadership Training 
School conducted by the Brethren 
Churches of Northern Indiana. She 
had been a member of the First 
Brethren Church in Nappanee, Indi- 
ana^ since 1906. 

Services were conducted by the 
undersigned and interment was in 
the Hepton Union Cemetery. 

Rev. William H. Anderson 
-^ * * 

GESSINGER. Manerva (Mae) Ges- 
singer passed away on February 28, 
1968, at the age of 87. One of the 
oldest members of the First Brethren 
Church in Nappanee, Indiana^ she re- 
mained until the end a quiet but faith- 
ful and gentle adherent to Christ and 
His Church. She was received into 
the church on July 7, 1918. 

Services were conducted by the un- 
dersigned on March 2, 1968. Burial 
was in Stony Point Cemetery. 

Rev. William H. Anderson 

* * * 

REED. Mrs. Grace O. Reed, aged 
77, passed away on January 30, 1968, 
following a brief illness. She was a 
member of the First Brethren Church 
of Nappanee, Indiana. 

Committal services were conducted 
by the undersigned in the Union Cen- 
ter Cemetery. 

Rev. William H. Anderson 

* * * 

BLESSING. Nora L. Blessing, af- 
ter a brief illness, passed away on 
March 17, 1968, at the age of 84. She 
was a member of the First Brethren 
Church in Nappanee, Indiana, faith- 
ful in attendance for 72 years, having 
been brought into the church in 1895. 

Memorial services were in charge 
of the undersigned and committal 
was in the Union Center Cemetery. 
Rev. William H. Anderson 

* * * 

ROUGHTON. Mrs. Clara Rough- 
ton, age 88, passed away at the Bry- 
an Rest Home on February 1, 1968. 
She was a member of the First Breth- 
ren Church in Bryan, Ohio. 

Her funeral was conducted by the 
undersigned on Februai-y 3, 1968. In- 

terment was in the Mount Zion Ce 
etery, Paulding County. 

Rev. M. W. Dodd;| 

* * * 

EASTERLY. Mrs. Rachel Vi- 
Easterly, aged 91, passed away sj 
denly in her home in Bryan, Ohio, j 
March 12, 1968. She was a memli 
of the First Brethren Church of B] 
an^ Ohio. 

Memorial services were conduc i 
on March 14 by the undersign I 
Interment was in the Shiftier Ceii 

Rev. M. W. Dodd ■ 

* * * 

SHOWALTER. Mr. Orlie Shovl 
ter passed away at the age of 76; 
funeral ser\-ices were conducted i 
February 29, 1968. Rev. George Pi 
tius, a former pastor, assisted ( 
undersigned in the service. Ho \ ; 
a member of the First Breth i 
Church of Roann, Indiana. 

His burial was in the Pleasant H 
Cemetery near North Manches r 

Rev. Herbert Gilme'ii 
» * * 

WELCH. Mrs. Mabel Welch, m i 
ber of the First Brethren Chun 
North Manchester, Indiana, passed 
way on February 19, 1968. Memol 
ser\ices were conducted by her ).S 
tor. Rev. Woodrow Immel. j 

Mrs. Maxine BurtOi( 

* * * J 

WRIGHT. Mr. Galen Wright, m v 
ber of the First Brethren Churcl ii 
North Manchester Indiana, pas li 
away on March 8, 1968. Memo il 
services were conducted by his ;s 
tor, Re\'. Woodrow Immel. 

Mrs. Maxine Burto ■ 


1 1 

Johns and Mr. Donald McClosly, 
both of Canton, Ohio, were unitec.n 
marriage at the Trinity Brethn 
Church by Rev. Keith Bennett m 
Alarch 2, 1968. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Schust(,fl 
* * * |i 

Pasqualo and Mr. Joel Dine, botlirf: 
Canton, Ohio, were united in i'> 
riage at the Trinity Brethren Chi* 
by Rev. Keith Bennett on Marchw 
1968. ' !. 

l\Ir. and Mrs. George Schustij <l 

i\pril 13, 1968 

Page Thirteen 

ivening Walks with Jesus 



Text: Luke 8:22-36 

Part IX 



nIS EVENING instead of "walking" with Jesus, we 
shall sadl with Him across His beloved Galilee. I 
inn it but think that Jesus must have loved this place 
i^cause He spent so much time in and around this in- 
'nd sea. It was the center of life in this northern prov- 
ce of Palestine and it became the center of many of 
'le e\ents in the life of our Lord. 

Our last evening walk with Jesus centered around the 
■me of Simon Peter and the healing of Peter's mother- 
law and the palsied man let down through the roof 

Peter's house. This all took place in Capernaum, a 
ty situated on the western coast of the Sea of Galilee. 
:t this time Jesus is in the midst of what we speak of as 
is great Galilean ministry. Following the e.xperiences 
> Peter's home, Jesus journeyed through the area sur- 
'Unding the Sea of Galilee healing and teaching. It 
HS probably at this time that the Sermon on the 

lilt was delivered, as w-ell as the Kingdom parables. 
it tonight I want to invite you to take a round trip 
th Jesus across the sea to Gerasa and back. 
|This trip begins at the close of one of those busy days 

healing and teaching. The multitudes continued to 
*ess upon Him, and He was very tired. So Jesus sug- 
sted to His disciples: "Let us get into the boat and 
OSS over to the other side of Galilee." And so they 
iled from Capernaum and probably w-ere intending to 
t ashore somewhere in the area of Bethsaida Julias 

the NE. side of the lake where they might find a 
Uet place for rest and meditation. On board the boat, 
,sus sank wearily down on one of the crude seats and 
.1 into a deep sleep. (This is the only time the Gospels 
cord anything about the sleeping of Jesus). His disci- 
's probably talked in whispered tones so as not to 
;turb Him as they manned the sails and guided the 
at over the blue, placid waters under a star filled 
ty. But it was not too long until this peaceful scene 
Iddenly changed. A NE. breeze began to blow across 
- bow of the little craft and dark clouds appeared on 
horizon. The heavens grew darker and darker and 
I a few moments a violent wind swept down the Jordan 
'lley from the heights of Mount Hei-mon to the north 
<! a cyclonic storm began to churn the sea. The Sea 

of Galilee is 682 feet below sea le\el and is surrounded 
by mountains, so that the warmer rising air collides 
wuth the cooler air coming down from the mountains 
and often causes \ery sudden and severe storms on this 
inland sea. Mark uses the Greek word "lailaps" indicat- 
ing a violent wind and Matthew uses the Greek "seismos" 
which literalh- translated means a great tempest. These 
\iolent winds churned the sea into huge waves that came 
crashing o\er the sides of this tiny boat and Luke says 
"they were filled with water and were in jeopardy." As 
the storm struck, the disciples had probably hastily 
trimmed the sails and now I can imagine them frantic- 
ally attempting to bail out the water that threatened 
to capsize them. But the struggle is a hopeless one and 
these seasoned seamen are filled with a great fear. They 
rush to Jesus and shake Him awake, and with great 
urgency e\'ident in their voices: "Master, Master, we 
are sinking and shall all perish!'' Jesus probably looked 
earnestly into their faces and read the great fear in their 
hearts, and, as He pauses, they add: "Don't you care 
if we all drown?" Then Jesus speaks words that strike 
deep into their fearful hearts: "Why are ye so fearful, 
O ye men of little faith?" Or as Luke here records it: 
"Where is your faith?" He arose and rebuked the wind 
and the waves, and there was a great calm. The disci- 
ples were as amazed now as they had been afraid a few 
moments before and they exclaim: "What manner of 
man is thus!" 

The storm had driven them from their course and 
they landed near a place called Gerasa in the land of 
the Gadarenes. The dark clouds are gone now and in 
the bright moon light they discover that they have land- 
ed where the Wady Semak opens into the sea. This 
Wady w-as one of those deep gorges whose sides were 
pock-marked with many caves used for burial places — 
they had come ashore in a cemetery! They no sooner 
set foot on the shore than they are met by two exceed- 
ingly fierce madmen rushing toward them out of the 
tombs. From facing a raging sea to facing two raging 
maniacs! These men are vividly described in the Gospel 
records. They were men who had been driven from 
their homes in Gerasa because of their affliction to live 


Page Fourteen 


The Brethren EvangetU 

among the tombs. (There were no state hospitals for 
such in those days). They lived in these tombs and ran 
naked and uncontrollable striking fear into the hearts 
of all who came near the place. There had been efforts 
to bind these men at times with chains and fetters, but 
they had broken them asunder, into many pieces. These 
men appeared to be what we would call insane, but 
there was more involved than tliis — they were demon 
possessed. We don't know much about demon possession 
today, but the Gospels clearly define the problem in this 
fashion. The one man said his name was Legion because 
he was possessed with so many demons. Jesus under- 
stood the problem and He rebukes the demons, even as 
He had rebuked the storm a few moments before, and 
the man is completely healed. "Then they (the people of 
Gerasa) went out to see what was done; and came to 
Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were 
departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his 
right mind: and they were afraid" (Luke 8:35). 

Following this, Jesus and His disciples return to their 
boat and sail back across the sea to the area of Caper- 
naum and there the people still were waiting for Him. 
Within the crowd that waited was a man by the name 
of Jarius, the chief ruler of the synagogue in Capernaum. 
His little girl, about 12 years of age, is near the point 
of death. This man hastens to Jesus and in his anguish, 
he dismisses all his pride and falls to his knees before 
Jesus in a worshipful manner. Then he prostrates him- 
self on the ground and repeatedly and urgently requests 
that the Lord come and lay his hands upon his little 
daughter that she might not die. Apparently Jesus 
agrees to go. As they journey toward Jarius' house, the 
great throng follows, constantly pressing upon Jesus. 
From the midst of this crowd, a woman reaches out, 
straining, to touch the hem of His garment. This woman 
has been seriously ill for 12 years. She has gone to every 
doctor in the land and spent all her money, but none 
had been able to help her. She was, by all appearances, 
incurable, but the instant she touches Jesus, she is com- 
pletely healed! Jesus says to her: "Daughter, be of good 
comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace." 

At about this very moment, a messenger arrives from 
the home of Jarius to bring the sad news that his daugh- 
ter has died and, therefore, he need not trouble Jesus 
further. Jesus says to Jarius: "Fear not; believe only, 
and she shall be made whole." What a great challenge 
to the faith of Jarius this must have been! When they 
arrive at the home, all the relatives are mourning and 
weeping. Jesus took Peter, James and John, and the 
mother and father of the little girl, and went up to the 
room where they had indicated she was. Then we get 
the lovely picture of Jesus standing by her bed, reaching 
out his hand to pick up her lifeless hand in His. "Maid, 
arise," and in Luke 8:55 we read "Her spirit came again, 
and she arose straightway." Can you imagine how happy 
those parents must have been as they embraced their 
little girl that had died but was now alive again! 

They brought unto Jesus the blind, and the dumb, al( 
the devil possessed and He caused the blind to see, 1m 
dumb to speak, and He cast out the demons. The m-i 
titudes marvelled saying that it was never so seen r 
Israel (Matt. 9:33)! ,* 

In this journey with Jesus tonight we have seen: ji 

(1) His power over nature as He stilled the tempcal 
The disciples said: "What manner of man is this!" A^ 
the answer is: "He is Divine!" He is the Son of G<I9 
Who else could command the wind and the waves an 
have them obey? f 

(2) His power over the demons, or devils, that pj!^ 
sessed the men from Gerasa. Who else but the iA 
of (Jod could command and control the powers 8 
demonic passession? Even the demons knew Him 9 
Divine, and called Him the Son of God! ; 


(3) All the doctors in the land couldn't heal h !i 
All the money she had couldn't buy health! But jus l' 
touch of her hand on the hem of His garment broujtjl 
immediate and complete healing and health ! There S( 
no such source of healing virtue apart from the Divi !l 

(4) Then, although they laughed Him to scorn, Je.a 
took the ruler's dead daughter by the hand and t* 
stored her to life and health. Who but the Divine Sonlj 
God could do such a thing! ' 

In this brief time and journey with Jesus, He IS^ 
manifest His power over the destructive forces of nati !,j 
demon possession, disease and death. And my drii 
friend, Jesus is no less Divine today than He was tlM 
... no less able to meet our needs now, than the ncSj 
of the people of that first century A.D. f 


There are days so dark that I seek in vain 
For the face of my Friend Divine; 
But tho' darkness hide, He is there to guide '; 

By the touch of His hand on mine. 

There are times, when tired of the toilsome road 
That for ways of the world I pine; I 

But He draws me back to the upward track 
By the touch of His hand on mine. 

When the way is dim, and I cannot see 

Thro' the mist of His wise design, 

How my glad heart yearns and my faith returns 

By the touch of His hand on mine. 

In the last sad hour, as I stand alone 

Where the powers of death combine, 

While the dark waves roll He will guide my soul 

By the touch of His hand on mine. 

There is grace and power in the trying hour 
In the touch of His hand on mine. 

Jessie Brown Pounds 



1 1' 

Why not join the 

I I 

(pril 13, 1968 

Page Fifteen 



This article was written to inform you of 
the marriage customs in India by Mr. K. 
Prasantha Kumar who just recently returned 
to Ashland following a visit and his marriage 
in his home country of India. At the time of 
this writing we are happy to inform you that 
Mrs. Kumar will be arriving in America very 

/lANY of my friends have asked me about my recent 
71 marriage in India. I iiave felt the need to set down 
e highlights of my brief courtship and marriage to 
rmala, who as yet has not joined me in America. 
iLast Christmas I was planning to go home to spend the 
'cation with my family. Since I was of marriageable 
c, my parents began to narrow down their search for 
■Is. They informed me that they could recommend any 
five girls if I were interested in marrying. I was not 
le whether I wanted to marry at that time since the 
iCation was so short. Providentally, I believe, a change 
' the Seminary schedule provided an opportunity to go 
me for more than a month. The Dean of the Seminary 
idly approved my plans, and I informed my parents 
' my willingness to get married, provided of course, I 
ti the right mate. 

[ told Dr. Shultz, Dean of the Seminary^ I wanted to 

;:ain my efficiency apartment and reserve a family 

i'artment at the Seminary House where I lived. In 

' ie of marriage, I would move into the family apart- 

•nt. If I return unwed, I would remain in my efficiency. 

t me digress from my personal experience to explain 

'.iv marriages are arranged in India. 

jVIarriage is ordained of God as the sacrament of human 

*;iety. It was hallowed by our Lord, both by His pres- 

:e and by His solemn words. It is commended in the 

riptures as honorable for all who engage in it, not 

'dversedly or lightly, but reverently and discretly, and 

the fear of God. It has been consecreated by the 

thful keeping of good men and good women in every 

( leration. 

There are two ways of looking at marriage. First it 
is a divine institution, and secondly it is a human insti- 
tution. The Bible begins by telling us that God chose to 
make human figures in the form of individuals of two 
different kinds and to put them together. "So God cre- 
ated man in His own image, in the image of God created 
He him; male and female created He them" (Gen. 1:27). 
The Bible also says that it is not good that a man, should 
be alone. Hence God made a woman. The scripture 
says, "Therefore shall a man leave his father and his 
mother and shall cleve unto his wife; and they shall be 
one flesh" (Gen. 2:18, 21-24). Of all the experiences that 
men and women can encounter loneliness is one of the 
most dreaded. One of our deepest human needs is the 
need to love and to be loved. Generations of Christian 
men and women have interpreted their love for one an- 
other as a gift from the God of Love. 

In the second place, marriage is a human institution, 
and the essential basis of the life of all settled commun- 
ities, ancient or modern. Eastern or Western. Even in 
the animal world, endearing partnerships are formed 
between male and female. 

Marriage is a relation between man and woman in 
which the independence is equal, the dependence mutual, 
and the obligation reciprocal. It is based on mutual 
feeling, responsibility, and understanding. It's impetus 
is consideration, not calculation. In the Indian marriage 
love follows the marriage. The Western philosophy of 
'Love and Marriage' is not a part of the Indian thinking. 

continued on page 2A . . . 


Page Sixteen 

The Brethren Evangel! 

Dr. Glenn L I 
Ashland Collegel 

Dr. Anspach pays tribute to president, wife 



"Each year of Dr. Glenn L. 
Clayton's 20 years has been a 
golden year for this institution," 
Dr. Charles L. Anspach said at 
an assemblage of Ashland Col- 
lege students, faculty, friends 
and guests. 

In paying tribute to Dr. and 
Mrs. Clayton at the event of "A 
Salute to Dr. Glenn L. Clayton," 
Dr. Anspach noted that it is not 
necessary to review the tangibles 
that have taken place during the 
Clayton administration. "The 
record has been written. Just 
look around and you can see 
what is to come." 

Rather, the former president 
of Ashland College outlined the 
marks of distinction of Dr. and 
Mrs. Clayton, which he feels 
iiave led to their success. 

A successful college president, 
Dr. Anspach believes, "must be 
a man of abilities — plural, not 
singular. He has to be able to 
deal in many areas, such as fi- 
nance, construction and public 

The second mark of distinc- 
tion. Dr. Anspach said, is vision. 
"He must have vision coupled 
with his abilities to really suc- 

Another mark Dr. Anspach 
noted of utmost importance is 
being capable of leadership. "He 
must have the aibility to dii'ect 
and stimulate without domina- 

In this age of changes and sit- 
uation ethics, he must possess a 
sound code of ethics and moral, 
Dr. Anspach continued. 

In paying ti'ibute to Ashland 
College's first lady. Dr. Anspach 
said that if he could, he would 
award her the "degree of gra- 
cious lady. She has helped Dr. 
Clayton to beat a better path 
over the mountain." 

Dr. Anspach also reviewed the 
marks of distinction of Ashland 
College. The president emeritus 
of Central Michigan University, 
Dr. Anspach feels that one of the 
great functions of a great uni- 
vei'sity is to help individuals to 

Dr. Charles L. Anspa 

Photo by Chicle Km 

pril 13, 1968 

1 fionored 

lent - - 20 \^Qa\s 

Page Seventeen 

scover empires — • empires of 

le mind and future. "Ashland's 

C'cent program is a tremen- 

)us help in the tremendous job 

' educating individuals." 

A great university will open 

le window of the mind, Dr. An- 

)ach noted, and will help an in- 

vidual to develop sense of des- 

iiy. Here, again, the AC'cent 

•ogram plays an important role, 

e educator said. 

A fourth mark of distinction 

to provide a compass or direc- 

)n in life — "give balance to 

j'e, a compass for direction. An 

ucation can make an individual 

ive to the universe in which 


Today, "we pay tribute to one 
10 bears the marks of distinc- 
)n," Dr. Anspach concluded, 
iday, "we pay tribute to God's 
bleman and God's noblelady." 
Dr. Richard L. Snyder pre- 
nted the welcome to the spe- 
ll convocation. In his devo- 
ms Dr. L. E. Lindower, dean 
the college, noted that Dr. 
enn L. Clayton "is a man of 
omplishment who looks to 

Dr. Raymond W. Bixler, a past 
sident of the college, present- 
the introduction to Dr. An- 
ich's talk. 

Representatives of seven col- 
I es, church and community oi'- 
llnizations also presented trib- 
i;!S. They are Jack Bailey, 
'■^sident of Student Senate, rep- 
enting Ashland College stu- 

dents; Dr. Rendell Rhoades, 
president of Faculty Club, repre- 
senting the faculty; Mayor Don 
T. Hostettler for the City of 
Ashland; Rev. John T. Byler, 
moderator of The Brethren 
Church; Al Kastan, national 
alumni president of the board of 
trustees; and Brooke Powell, 
representing the president's ad- 
visory council. 

The Ashland College Choir 
and Ashland College Symphonic 
Band also participated in the 

Reprint from Ashland Times-Gazette, March 20, 1968 

Dr. Richard L. Snyder, who welcomed the convocation 
guests, talks with Myron S. Kem, Dr. Clayton and Dr. 
Raymond Bixler. 

Photo by Chick Knight 

Page Eighteen 

The Brethren Evangel 

A president emphasizes accent on the individual 



-'- dent, Dr. Glenn L. Clayton, followed his original in- 
tentions and returned to a teaching career after only 
three years at the helm of affairs on the hilltop campus. 

Fortunately, the young president remained and is being 
honored at AC this week for 20 years service as presi- 

He came to the college by invitation of the board of 
trustees who employed him as president 20 years ago. 
Dr. Clayton left a teaching position in Ohio State Uni- 
\-crsity's history department (where he was "quite satis- 
fied") to come to AC, where he signed a three-year con- 
tract ("fully intending to return to teaching" when the 
contract expired). 

At the end of three years, AC'S program was progres- 
sing to the satisfaction of its "new" president and appar- 
ently to the satisfaction of the board of trustees, who 
asked Dr. Clayton to stay on as president. 

During the next few years there was a major fire and 
another crisis of large proportion^ and again it "was not 
a good time to leave." 

"There seemed to be no such time," Dr. Clayton com- 
mented recently, "because there was too much to do 
here and I gradually grew into the program. The result 
is I'm still here today and feel that it has been very re- 

The years at AC have been both "challenging and re- 
warding" to Clayton. 

Ho came to Ashland College "with the feeling that I 
might be of some assistance in helping the school, which 
had some problems — to help it solve some of these 

Althougli ho guided the school from its problems and is 
now on sound footage. Dr. Clayton makes "every day a 
new day." 

"I move more by instinct than by experience," he 
noted with a smile. "I try not to use approaches which 
have been tried in the past or what I have used. In gen- 

Dr. Glenn L. Clayton 

Photo by Chick Kni 

eral I like to look at each program with a freshness 
if it were the first one that we're undertaking. On 
other hand there is experience and there is habit 
there is a philosophy which one has." 

Dr. Clayton happens "to like people very much, yoi 
people especially, and I feel not only that they're 
hope of mankind, but they're just about the finest per 
there is. Of all age groups, I think there is none t 
is quite comparable to the age group of 18 to 24, 
college age. 

"It is with these people in mind," Dr. Clayton sta 
"that I look into the future and it is because of H 
that I am inspii-ed to do what I can. 

"There's no limit except ourselves to what can 
done. Ashland College can and must do many things 
impi'oN'o its effective program, make it even more ef 

Imagine President Clayton as 
several hats each day. 

a "coach" who W( 



l^pril 13, 1968 

Page Nineteen 

As college president, he helps "to fix the direction in 
hich the school would go, to advise the board of trus- 
ts ... as to how well we are doing on the program 

Ind to seek ways and means of underwriting it and im- 

flementing it. 

' "I try to keep as close as possible to the campus com- 

lunity — the students and their particular interests," he 
ointed out, "the faculty and their very challenging prob- 
ms in the areas of teaching and also their well-being 
5 individuals because they rely on the college for their 

.velihood and then of course to the physical aspects of 
le school. The bricks and mortar have to be provided, 
le money for the operation of the school has to be found 
id this, too, is one of the hats I have to wear." 
AC'S role in the past 15 years has been dependent upon 
le successful fiscal operation of the program, emphasized 
Clayton, who looks like a businessman behind dark- 
mmed glasses. "In other words, we don't dare to oper- 
;e in the red . . . We have to have enough money to pay 
bills. This means we have to budget carefully, budget 
1 e.xpenses and then project and plan